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Regulatory traits: Cultural influences on cultural evolution
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Brooklyn College, USA.
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Zoologiska institutionen.
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life / [ed] Stefano Cagnoni, Marco Mirolli, Marco Villani, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, s. 135-147Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

We use the term regulatory traits to indicate traits that both regulate cultural transmission (e.g., from whom to learn) and are themselves culturally transmitted. In the first part of this contribution we study the dynamics of some of these traits through simple mathematical models. In particular, we consider the cultural evolution of traits that determine the propensity to copy others, the ability to influence others, the number of individuals from whom one may copy, and the number of individuals one tries to influence. We then show how to extend these simple models to address more complex human cultural phenomena, such as ingroup biases, the emergence of open or conservative societies, and of cyclical, fashion-like, increases and decreases of popularity of cultural traits. We finally discuss how the ubiquity of regulatory traits in cultural evolution impacts on the analogy between genetic and cultural evolution and therefore on the possibility of using models inspired by evolutionary biology to study human cultural dynamics.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014. s. 135-147
Emneord [en]
Artificial intelligence (AI), Artificial life (Alife), Biological modeling, Cell biology, Complex systems, Complexity, Evolution, Evolutionary computing, Evolutionary dynamics, Genetic programming
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101673DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-37577-4_9ISBN: 978-3-642-37576-7 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-3-642-37577-4 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-101673DiVA, id: diva2:704932
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-03-13 Laget: 2014-03-13 Sist oppdatert: 2015-10-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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