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An absence of neutrinos associated with cosmic-ray acceleration in gamma-ray bursts
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2012 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 484Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Very energetic astrophysical events are required to accelerate cosmic rays to above 10(18) electronvolts. GRBs (c-ray bursts) have been proposed as possible candidate sources(1-3). In the GRB 'fireball' model, cosmic-ray acceleration should be accompanied by neutrinos produced in the decay of charged pions created in interactions between the high-energy cosmic-ray protons and gamma-rays(4). Previous searches for such neutrinos found none, but the constraints were weak because the sensitivity was at best approximately equal to the predicted flux(5-7). Here we report an upper limit on the flux of energetic neutrinos associated with GRBs that is at least a factor of 3.7 below the predictions(4,8-10). This implies either that GRBs are not the only sources of cosmic rays with energies exceeding 10(18) electronvolts or that the efficiency of neutrino production is much lower than has been predicted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 484
Keyword [en]
high-energy neutrinos icecube flux telescope search Science & Technology - Other Topics
Research subject
SWEDARP, IceCube
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-1979DOI: 10.1038/nature11068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-1979DiVA: diva2:816982
Note

ISI Document Delivery No.: 927YM Times Cited: 115 Cited Reference Count: 20 Abbasi, R. Abdou, Y. Abu-Zayyad, T. Ackermann, M. Adams, J. Aguilar, J. A. Ahlers, M. Altmann, D. Andeen, K. Auffenberg, J. Bai, X. Baker, M. Barwick, S. W. Bay, R. Alba, J. L. Bazo Beattie, K. Beatty, J. J. Bechet, S. Becker, J. K. Becker, K. -H. Bell, M. Benabderrahmane, M. L. BenZvi, S. Berdermann, J. Berghaus, P. Berley, D. Bernardini, E. Bertrand, D. Besson, D. Z. Bindig, D. Bissok, M. Blaufuss, E. Blumenthal, J. Boersma, D. J. Bohm, C. Bose, D. Boeser, S. Botner, O. Brayeur, L. Brown, A. M. Buitink, S. Caballero-Mora, K. S. Carson, M. Casier, M. Chirkin, D. Christy, B. Clevermann, F. Cohen, S. Colnard, C. Cowen, D. F. Silva, A. H. Cruz D'Agostino, M. V. Danninger, M. Daughhetee, J. Davis, J. C. DeClercq, C. Degner, T. Descamps, F. Desiati, P. de Vries-Uiterweerd, G. DeYoung, T. Diaz-Velez, J. C. Dierckxsens, M. Dreyer, J. Dumm, J. P. Dunkman, M. Eisch, J. Ellsworth, R. W. Engdegard, O. Euler, S. Evenson, P. A. Fadiran, O. Fazely, A. R. Fedynitch, A. Feintzeig, J. Feusels, T. Filimonov, K. Finley, C. Fischer-Wasels, T. Flis, S. Franckowiak, A. Franke, R. Gaisser, T. K. Gallagher, J. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, L. Gluesenkamp, T. Goldschmidt, A. Goodman, J. A. Gora, D. Grant, D. Griesel, T. Gross, A. Grullon, S. Gurtner, M. Ha, C. Ismail, A. Haj Hallgren, A. Halzen, F. Han, K. Hanson, K. Heereman, D. Heinen, D. Helbing, K. Hellauer, R. Hickford, S. Hill, G. C. Hoffman, K. D. Hoffmann, B. Homeier, A. Hoshina, K. Huelsnitz, W. Huelss, J. -P. Hulth, P. O. Hultqvist, K. Hussain, S. Ishihara, A. Jacobi, E. Jacobsen, J. Japaridze, S. Johansson, H. Kappes, A. Karg, T. Karle, A. Kiryluk, J. Kislat, F. Klein, S. R. Koehne, J. -H. Kohnen, G. Kolanoski, H. Koepke, L. Kopper, S. Koskinen, D. J. Kowalski, M. Kowarik, T. Krasberg, M. Kroll, G. Kunnen, J. Kurahashi, N. Kuwabara, T. Labare, M. Laihem, K. Landsman, H. Larson, M. J. Lauer, R. Luenemann, J. Madsen, J. Marotta, A. Maruyama, R. Mase, K. Matis, H. S. Meagher, K. Merck, M. Meszaros, P. Meures, T. Miarecki, S. Middell, E. Milke, N. Miller, J. Montaruli, T. Morse, R. Movit, S. M. Nahnhauer, R. Nam, J. W. Naumann, U. Nowicki, S. C. Nygren, D. R. Odrowski, S. Olivas, A. Olivo, M. O'Murchadha, A. Panknin, S. Paul, L. Perez de los Heros, C. Piegsa, A. Pieloth, D. Posselt, J. Price, P. B. Przybylski, G. T. Rawlins, K. Redl, P. Resconi, E. Rhode, W. Ribordy, M. Richman, M. Riedel, B. Rizzo, A. Rodrigues, J. P. Rothmaier, F. Rott, C. Ruhe, T. Rutledge, D. Ruzybayev, B. Ryckbosch, D. Sander, H. -G. Santander, M. Sarkar, S. Schatto, K. Schmidt, T. Schoeneberg, S. Schoenwald, A. Schukraft, A. Schulte, L. Schultes, A. Schulz, O. Schunck, M. Seckel, D. Semburg, B. Seo, S. H. Sestayo, Y. Seunarine, S. Silvestri, A. Smith, M. W. E. Spiczak, G. M. Spiering, C. Stamatikos, M. Stanev, T. Stezelberger, T. Stokstad, R. G. Stoessl, A. Strahler, E. A. Stroem, R. Stueer, M. Sullivan, G. W. Taavola, H. Taboada, I. Tamburro, A. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, S. Toale, P. A. Toscano, S. Tosi, D. van Eijndhoven, N. Van Overloop, A. van Santen, J. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Walck, C. Waldenmaier, T. Wallraff, M. Walter, M. Wasserman, R. Weaver, Ch. Wendt, C. Westerhoff, S. Whitehorn, N. Wiebe, K. Wiebusch, C. H. Williams, D. R. Wischnewski, R. Wissing, H. Wolf, M. Wood, T. R. Woschnagg, K. Xu, C. Xu, D. L. Xu, X. W. Yanez, J. P. Yodh, G. Yoshida, S. Zarzhitsky, P. Zoll, M. Wiebusch, Christopher/G-6490-2012; Kowalski, Marek/G-5546-2012; Tamburro, Alessio/A-5703-2013; Botner, Olga/A-9110-2013; Hallgren, Allan/A-8963-2013; Beatty, James/D-9310-2011; Sarkar, Subir/G-5978-2011; Tjus, Julia/G-8145-2012; Auffenberg, Jan/D-3954-2014; Koskinen, David/G-3236-2014 Sarkar, Subir/0000-0002-3542-858X; Auffenberg, Jan/0000-0002-1185-9094; Koskinen, David/0000-0002-0514-5917 US NSF; Office of Polar Programs; US NSF, Physics Division; University of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation; GLOW; OSG grids; US DOE, NERSCC; LONI grid; NSERC, Canada; Swedish Research Council; Swedish Polar Research Secretariat; SNIC; K. and A. Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; German Ministry for Education and Research, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; Research Department of Plasmas; Complex Interactions (Bochum), Germany; FSR; FWO Odysseus; IWT; BELSPO, Belgium; University of Oxford, UK; Marsden Fund, New Zealand; Australian Research Council; JSPS, Japan; SNSF, Switzerland; Capes Foundation, Brazil; NSF GRFP We acknowledge support from the following agencies: US NSF, Office of Polar Programs, and US NSF, Physics Division; University of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation; the GLOW and OSG grids; US DOE, NERSCC; the LONI grid; NSERC, Canada; Swedish Research Council, Swedish Polar Research Secretariat, SNIC, K. and A. Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; German Ministry for Education and Research, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; Research Department of Plasmas with Complex Interactions (Bochum), Germany; FSR, FWO Odysseus, IWT, BELSPO, Belgium; University of Oxford, UK; Marsden Fund, New Zealand; Australian Research Council; JSPS, Japan; SNSF, Switzerland. J.P.R was supported by the Capes Foundation, Brazil; N.W. by the NSF GRFP. We thank S. Hummer, E. Waxman and W. Winter for discussions. 117 Nature publishing group London Multidisciplinary Sciences

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