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An anomalous positron abundance in cosmic rays with energies 1.5-100 GeV
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2009 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, Vol. 458, no 7238, 607-609 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Antiparticles account for a small fraction of cosmic rays and are known to be produced in interactions between cosmic-ray nuclei and atoms in the interstellar medium(1), which is referred to as a 'secondary source'. Positrons might also originate in objects such as pulsars(2) and microquasars(3) or through dark matter annihilation(4), which would be 'primary sources'. Previous statistically limited measurements(5-7) of the ratio of positron and electron fluxes have been interpreted as evidence for a primary source for the positrons, as has an increase in the total electron+positron flux at energies between 300 and 600 GeV (ref. 8). Here we report a measurement of the positron fraction in the energy range 1.5-100 GeV. We find that the positron fraction increases sharply overmuch of that range, in a way that appears to be completely inconsistent with secondary sources. We therefore conclude that a primary source, be it an astrophysical object or dark matter annihilation, is necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 458, no 7238, 607-609 p.
Keyword [en]
DARK-MATTER, ELECTRONS, FRACTION, PARTICLE
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32194DOI: 10.1038/nature07942ISI: 000264796200035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-63849264218OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32194DiVA: diva2:409536
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note
QC 20110408Available from: 2011-04-08 Created: 2011-04-08 Last updated: 2011-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Carlson, PerHofverberg, PetterOrsi, SilvioPearce, Mark
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