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Modelling of Moving Contact Lines in Two-Phase Flows
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för beräkningsvetenskap. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Numerisk analys.
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Moving contact line problems appear in many natural and industrial processes. A contact line is formed where the interface between two immiscible fluids meets a solid wall. Examples from everyday life include raindrops falling on a window and water bugs resting on water surfaces. In many cases the dynamics of the contact line affects the overall behavior of the system. Industrial applications where the contact line behavior is important include gas and oil recovery in porous media, lubrication, inkjet printing and microfluidics. Computer simulations are fundamental tools to understand and predict the behavior.  

In this thesis we look at numerical simulations of dynamic contact line problems. Despite their importance, the physics of moving contact lines is poorly understood. The standard Navier-Stokes equations together with the conventional no-slip boundary condition predicts a singularity in the shear stresses at the contact line. Atomistic processes at the contact line come into play, and it is necessary to include these processes in the model to resolve the singularity. In the case of capillary driven flows for example, it has been observed that the microscopic contact line dynamics has a large impact on the overall macroscopic flow.

In Paper I we present a new multiscale model for numerical simulation of flow of two immiscible and incompressible fluids in the presence of moving contact points (i.e. two-dimensional problems). The paper presents a new boundary methodology based on combining a relation between the apparent contact angle and the contact point velocity, and a similarity solution for Stokes flow at a planar interface (the analytic Huh and Scriven velocity). The relation between the angle and the velocity is determined by performing separate microscopic simulations.

The classical Huh and Scriven solution is only valid for flow over flat walls. In Paper II we use perturbation analysis to extend the solution to flow over curved walls. Paper III presents the parallel finite element solver that is used to perform the numerical experiments presented in this thesis. Finally, the new multiscale model (presented in Paper I) is applied to a relevant microfluidic research problem in Paper IV. For this problem it is very important to have a model that accurately takes the atomistic effects at contact lines into account.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. , 33 s.
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1559
Emneord [en]
Computational fluid dynamics, Two-phase flow, Contact lines
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Beräkningsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329059ISBN: 978-91-513-0071-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-329059DiVA: diva2:1139929
Disputas
2017-10-27, ITC 2446, Lägerhyddsvägen 2, Uppsala, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-05 Laget: 2017-09-10 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. A computational multiscale model for contact line dynamics
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A computational multiscale model for contact line dynamics
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Submitted
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329051 (URN)
Prosjekter
eSSENCE
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-07 Laget: 2017-09-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-09-10bibliografisk kontrollert
2. A hydrodynamic model of movement of a contact line over a curved wall
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A hydrodynamic model of movement of a contact line over a curved wall
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Submitted
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266272 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-11-05 Laget: 2015-11-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-09-10bibliografisk kontrollert
3. A fast massively parallel two-phase flow solver for microfluidic chip simulation
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A fast massively parallel two-phase flow solver for microfluidic chip simulation
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: The international journal of high performance computing applications, ISSN 1094-3420, E-ISSN 1741-2846, Vol. 31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266273 (URN)10.1177/1094342016671790 (DOI)
Prosjekter
eSSENCE
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-10-05 Laget: 2015-11-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Effective slip over partially filled microcavities and its possible failure
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effective slip over partially filled microcavities and its possible failure
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Serie
Technical report / Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, ISSN 1404-3203 ; 2017-019
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329052 (URN)
Prosjekter
eSSENCE
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-19 Laget: 2017-09-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-09-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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