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Odorant binding protein and olfactory receptors: plausible role as detectors in an odorant biosensor
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE).
2011 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)Alternativ titel
Ett luktbindande proteins och luktreceptorers möjliga roll som detektorer i en biosensor (Svenska)
Abstract [en]

The development of an inexpensive, portable, stable, sensitive and selective biosensor for detection of odorants is a daunting task. Here, we hypothesized the development of a detector layer composed of the protein groups; the olfactory receptors (ORs) and the odorant binding proteins (OBPs), known to bind odorants in animal sensing. We report the design of 13 OR gene-vector constructs, and their subsequent transformation into

Escherichia (E.) coli (BL21 (DE3)-STAR-pLysS) strain. Moreover, we report the expression of several ORs into an in vitro wheat germ extract using three separate detergent mixes for protein solubilization.

 

In addition, we describe the design of an odorant binding protein from the Aenopheles gambiae mosquito PEST strain (OBP-PEST) gene-vector construct under an IPTG (Isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside) inducible promoter. OBP-PEST was heterologously expressed in E.coli with an 8 amino acid long sequence (WSPQFEK) attached C-terminally, via a thrombin cleavage site and a flexible linker (GSSG). The WSPQFEK sequence, commonly referred to as a Strep-tag, enabled subsequent affinity chromatography purification of the protein, via binding to an engineered Streptavidin equivalent. Surprisingly, the OBP-PEST was found to contain a signal sequence leading to its truncation and secretion when expressed in E.coli.

 

Biophysical analyses were established using Circular Dichroism (CD) for the analysis of two lipocalins: Beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) and OBP-PEST. We studied the solubility, refoldability and the conformational transitions of BLG, as a result of change in solvent, pH and temperature. The secondary structure of OBP-PEST and its thermal stability was investigated.

 

In conclusion, this thesis work has enabled biophysical analyses of OBP-PEST and future analogs of interest to the development of a stable protein detector layer. Although further experiments are needed to fully characterize the biophysical properties, and to find odorant substrates of OBP-PEST, it was found to be a suitable alternative to ORs in a biosensor detector layer application. More importantly, an inherent OBP-PEST signal sequence was found to mediate protein secretion when expressed heterologously in E.coli. To the best of our knowledge this is the first lipocalin discovered to be secreted upon heterologous expression in E.coli.

 

We hypothesize that this signal peptide could be used as a means for targeted secretion and, hence, efficient protein purification.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2011. , s. 67
Nyckelord [en]
odorant binding protein, olfaction, olfactory receptor, secretion, signal sequence
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32897OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32897DiVA: diva2:412845
Ämne / kurs
Organisk kemi
Utbildningsprogram
Civilingenjörsexamen
Uppsök
fysik/kemi/matematik
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-26 Skapad: 2011-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-05-26

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