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Long-term effects of complications and vascular comorbidity in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a quality registry study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Neurology, ISSN 0340-5354, E-ISSN 1432-1459, Vol. 265, nr 1, s. 178-186Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There is little knowledge about the factors influencing the long-term outcome after surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH).

Objective: To evaluate the effects of reoperation due to complications and of vascular comorbidity (hypertension, diabetes, stroke and heart disease) on the outcome in iNPH patients, 2–6 years after shunt surgery.

Methods: We included 979 patients from the Swedish Hydrocephalus Quality Registry (SHQR), operated on for iNPH during 2004–2011. The patients were followed yearly by mailed questionnaires, including a self-assessed modified Rankin Scale (smRS) and a subjective comparison between their present and their preoperative health condition. The replies were grouped according to the length of follow-up after surgery. Data on clinical evaluations, vascular comorbidity, and reoperations were extracted from the SHQR.

Results: On the smRS, 40% (38–41) of the patients were improved 2–6 years after surgery and around 60% reported their general health condition to be better than preoperatively. Reoperation did not influence the outcome after 2–6 years. The presence of vascular comorbidity had no negative impact on the outcome after 2–6 years, assessed as improvement on the smRS or subjective improvement of the health condition, except after 6 years when patients with hypertension and a history of stroke showed a less favorable development on the smRS.

Conclusion: This registry-based study shows no negative impact of complications and only minor effects of vascular comorbidity on the long-term outcome in iNPH.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2018. Vol. 265, nr 1, s. 178-186
Emneord [en]
hydrocephalus, normal pressure, dementia, gait, complications, concomitant disease, risk factors, registries
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144413DOI: 10.1007/s00415-017-8680-zISI: 000419777000023PubMedID: 29188384OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-144413DiVA: diva2:1181668
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-02-09 Laget: 2018-02-09 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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