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Multidimensional assessment of pain related disability after surgery for cervical disc disease
Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Bond University, Australia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4318-9216
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in West Östergötland, Research & Development Unit in Local Health Care.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6075-4432
2013 (English)In: APA Conference 2013: New moves, Australian Physiotherapy Association , 2013, 2-2 p.Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Questions: Given only 25% of patients, 10 year post-surgery for cervical disc disease report clinically meaningful improvements in functional disability, what are the biopsychosocial factors associated with continued long-term disability? What are the implications for physiotherapy practice?

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Participants: Ninety patients who had undergone anterior discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery 10-13 years prior.

Outcome Measures: The Neck Disability Index (NDI), ACDF surgery type, surgical fusion status, patient age and Part 1 of the West Haven-Yale multidimensional pain inventory Swedish version (MPI-S) were entered into a statistical model. Part 1 of the MPI-S contains 5 subscales: pain severity, interference, life control, affective distress and support.

Results: Seventy-three patients answered the questionnaires. Non-linear categorical regression modeling (CATREG) of the selected predictive variables explained 76.1% of the variance in NDI outcomes 10-13 years post ACDF. Of these predictors, MPI-S affective distress subscale (β = 0.635, p = <0.001) and pain severity subscale (β = 0.354, p = <0.001) were significant individual predictors of NDI ratings.

Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate potential factors associated with prolonged functional disability greater than 10 years post-surgery for cervical disc disease. The results suggest the importance of not only pain severity but also screening affective distress as a potential barrier to physical functioning in patients previously operated for cervical disc disease. Future research on the utility of affect-focused body awareness therapy and pain coping strategies for post-surgical patients with continuing pain and physical disability is indicated.

Key Practice Points:

•  The screening of pain severity and affective distress is of importance for patients presenting with continuing physical disability after previous surgery for cervical disc disorders

•  Affect-focused body awareness therapies and pain coping strategies may be a potential treatment alternative for patients with continuing pain and physical disability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Australian Physiotherapy Association , 2013. 2-2 p.
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-123556DiVA: diva2:886198
Conference
National Conference of the Australian Physiotherapy Association (APA) Conference 2013, Melbourne, Australia, 17-20 October 2013
Available from: 2015-12-21 Created: 2015-12-21 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved

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