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Smoking patterns during pregnancy: differences in socio-economic and health-related varaiables
Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
2000 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 10, no 3, 208-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The objective of this study was to assess different smoking patterns during and after pregnancy and relate these patterns to socioeconomic conditions and different health issues such as symptoms, drug consumption and health care use. Methods: The study group included 337 pregnant women from a district in south Sweden. A questionnaire was filled in during the first part of pregnancy and an interview was conducted after the baby was born. The women were categorised according to their smoking habits. Results: The categories defined were continuers, relapsers, decreasers, quitters and non-smokers. Among relapsers three symptoms, difficulty in relaxing (OR 4.48), restlessness (OR 9.59) and dysphoria (OR 3.98), were more common than among non-smokers. All three musculoskeletal symptoms were most common among continuers. Among quitters the OR for backache was 2.05, for numbness In the arms and legs 2.76 and for tearfulness 2.92. Educational level was relatively high among quitters and few had a smoking partner. Among smokers (decreasers, relapsers and continuers) 24% used drugs regularly, compared to 5% among non-smokers. Conclusions: To prevent smoking during pregnancy awareness of the relations between different smoking categories and symptoms could make it easier for hearth personnel to individualise support. A possible starting point is to discuss how to cope with different symptoms occurring during smoking cessation. Women with predictors for continued smoking during pregnancy, such as low education, unemployment, a smoking partner and multiparous, should be focused on more intensively and preventive strategies suitable for their special needs should be developed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 10, no 3, 208-213 p.
Keyword [en]
psychological adaption, pregnancy, smoking, symptoms
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-976DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/10.3.208OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-976DiVA: diva2:225072
Available from: 2009-06-24 Created: 2009-06-24 Last updated: 2014-07-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Addressing smoking during pregnancy: the challenge to start from the woman's view
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Addressing smoking during pregnancy: the challenge to start from the woman's view
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Univ.-sjukhuset MAS, 2004
Keyword
Smoking cessation, Smoking prevention & control, Smoking psychology, Pregnancy, Motivation, Health education, Tobaksrökning och graviditet, Pregnant women ¡ Tobacco use, Rökavvänjning, Graviditet, Graviditet, Rökning, Rökavvänjning, Rökvanor, Tobaksrökning, Health education, Smoking cessation
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-977 (URN)91-628-6272-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Note

Agneta Abrahamsson (Lund : KFS) ill. S. 1-74: sammanfattning, s. 75-148: 4 uppsatser + appendix

Available from: 2009-06-24 Created: 2009-06-24 Last updated: 2014-07-01

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Abrahamsson, AgnetaEjlertsson, Göran

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Department of Health SciencesAvdelningen för HälsovetenskapForskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS)
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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