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Lost in Translation: A case of BIM implementation at a large public client
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
2017 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The technology of Building Information Modelling (BIM) is being introduced to the Architectural, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. This industry is generally perceived as being fragmented, having low productivity and with a low rate of innovation. BIM is presented as new paradigm within this industry, enabling inter-organisational collaboration, overall increasing quality while simultaneously lowering costs. But widespread BIM implementation has not yet taken place. In order to increase adoption, public client organisations have been argued to be the actors needed to initiate and drive the implementation of BIM. However, the client perspective of such implementation initiatives has not been the main focus of earlier research.

In this licentiate thesis the BIM implementation process conducted by the largest infrastructure client in Sweden is analysed. This organisation implements BIM both to benefit their own organisation but also to increase productivity and innovation within the whole infrastructure branch of the AEC-industry. With the purpose of increasing the understanding of technology driven change processes at public client organisations, the BIM implementation at this organisation is analysed as an empirical example. 

The case study is analysed by a theoretical framework taking inspiration from Actor-Network theory and Sociology of Translation. Based on this analysis the translation process, where key actors are identified and enrolled into using BIM are described. The analysis reveals a complex network of actors linked to the implementation in question. Instead of a single BIM concept, several different and sometimes conflicting interpretations of BIM are simultaneously being translated.

This licentiate thesis problematizes the role of client organisations in initiating change within a network of actors. The main ways of enrolling actors into using BIM have in the studied case been the development of new demand documents. This strategy has however been problematic as the new demands for BIM have not been accepted as intended within many construction projects. Instead, the results of this thesis argue for the importance of client organisations as negotiators, not only needed to establish demand for a new innovation.

Abstract [sv]

Tekniken Byggands Informations Modellering (BIM) introduceras just nu i byggbranschen. Denna bransch beskrivs ofta som varande fragmenterad med låg produktivitet samt bristande innovationskraft. BIM beskrivs som ett nytt paradigm för denna bransch, möjliggörande interorganisatoriskt sammarbete, ökad kvalitet och samtidigt minskande kostnader. Däremot har BIM ännu inte anammats på bred front. För att öka implementeringstakten har statliga beställarorganisationer beskrivits som de aktörer som behövs för att initiera och driva implementeringen av BIM. Dock har tidigare forskning inte fokuserat på beställarperspektivet kring sådana initiativ.

I denna licentiatavhandling presenteras en fallstudie av BIM implementeringen på den största infrastrukturbeställaren i Sverige. Denna organisation implementerar BIM både för att gynna den egna organisationen men också för att öka produktiviteten och innovationstakten i intrastrukturbranschen som helhet. Med syfte att öka förståelsen kring beställarrollen i förhållande till teknikdrivna förändringsprocesser studeras denna förändringsprocess som ett empiriskt exempel.

Denna fallstudie analyseras utifrån ett teoretiskt ramverk med inspiration tagen från Actor-Network Theory och Sociology of Translation. Utifrån denna analys beskrivs översättningsprocesser där nyckelaktörer identifieras och försöks knytas till att använda BIM. Analysen visar på ett komplext nätverk av aktörer kopplat till implementeringen i fråga. Istället för ett enskilt BIM koncept hittas ett flertal samtidiga, och stundtals motsägelsefulla tolkningar av BIM som alla samtidigt översätts i organisationen.

Denna licentiatavhandling problematiserar beställarrollen i relation till initiering av förändring inom ett aktörsnätverk. Det huvudsakliga sättet genom vilket aktörer knyts till att använda BIM har i det studerade fallet varit genom utveckling av nya kravdokument. Denna strategi har däremot varit problematisk då dessa krav inte accepterats som tänk inom ett flertal byggprojekt. Istället visar resultatet av denna studie på vikten av beställarorganisationer som varande förhandlare, inte endast viktiga för att upprätta efterfrågan för en ny innovation.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. , p. 52
Series
TRITA-FOB ; LIC-2017:5
Keywords [en]
Technology driven change, Building information modelling, BIM, Sociology of translation, Implementation, Innovation, Actor-Network theory
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208636ISBN: 978-91-85783-80-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-208636DiVA, id: diva2:1107567
Presentation
2017-08-31, B23, Brinellvägen 23, Stockholm, 11:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170614

Available from: 2017-06-14 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Translating building information modelling: A study of the BIM implementation process at a large Swedish client organisation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Translating building information modelling: A study of the BIM implementation process at a large Swedish client organisation
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual ARCOM Conference, ARCOM 2016, Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2016, p. 123-132Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is currently widely discussed within both the construction industry and the academia. There is a view that it is a new paradigm presenting possibilities to address the slow increase in productivity currently perceived in the construction industry. Around the world many governments and public client organisations are developing their implementation processes for BIM. In this paper the largest infrastructure client in Sweden is studied. Based on a Case study, the BIM implementation process at this actor is described. These results serve as an empirical example of how BIM is being implemented in order to improve both productivity and innovation in the construction industry. These results have been analysed inspired by theory of 'sociology of translation'. This study concludes that the main tool used to enrol actors into BIM use is demanding model based delivery of project information. However, less emphasis is put on how these models will influence work practices for both the client's project organisation and contractors and consultants in the projects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 2016
Keywords
BIM, Building Information Modelling, Implementation, Sociology of translation, Construction industry, Information theory, Management science, Productivity, Project management, Social sciences, Implementation process, Model-based OPC, Project informations, Project organisations, Public clients, Work practices, Architectural design
National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-201977 (URN)2-s2.0-84991694120 (Scopus ID)
Conference
32nd Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2016, 5 September 2016 through 7 September 2016
Note

QC 20170303

Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
2. Organising the Implementation of BIM: A study of a large Swedish client organisation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organising the Implementation of BIM: A study of a large Swedish client organisation
2016 (English)In: Building up business operations and theirlogic: Shaping materials and technologies / [ed] Arto Saari, Pekka Huovinen, 2016, Vol. 3, p. 356-367Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Building information modelling (BIM) is currently much discussed in the construction industry.It has been brought forward as a way to address the problems with slow increase in productivityperceived in the industry. To support and drive the industrywide implementation of BIM, manylarge public client organisations are currently in the process of implementing BIM. The purposeof this paper is to explore how a large client organization organises their BIM implementation.In order to reach this objective a case study of the BIM implementation process at the largestpublic infrastructure client in Sweden has been conducted. This case study is supplementedwith interviews with the management of the implementation project together with interviewswith project managers in pilot projects implementing BIM. Based on the results of this study, ithas been found that the BIM implementation is mainly focused on the technical requirements tosupport the shift from traditional drawings, to object oriented information. How this shifttowards object oriented information will influence changes to work practices is however notdefined within this implementation project.

Keywords
BIM, building information modelling, implementation, causal structure
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208634 (URN)978-952-15-3743-1 (ISBN)
Conference
CIB World Building Congress 2016
Note

QC 20170613

Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
3. BIM implementation and organisational change: A case study of a large Swedish public client
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM implementation and organisational change: A case study of a large Swedish public client
2015 (English)In: 8TH NORDIC CONFERENCE ON CONSTRUCTION ECONOMICS AND ORGANIZATION, 2015, p. 178-184Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

One of the current trends in the construction industry's effort to increase performance is to implement Building Information Modelling (BIM). Recent research suggests that changes to the work practices and business processes must accompany the implementation process if the desired goals and expectations of implementing IT are to be met. However, there is still limited knowledge on what types of change are required in an organisation as a whole in relation to BIM implementation. The purpose of this study is to explore how a large public client is initiating BIM implementation in their organisation. The main focus is to investigate what types of changes are being proposed to the work practices and processes in relation to BIM implementation. This paper studies the BIM initiation project at a large Swedish public infrastructure client. It is based on a case study involving both interviews and active participation. The findings indicate that the BIM initiation project proposes changes to the routines for how projects are initiated and conducted by introducing the concept of BIM in guiding documents. Yet, how these changes will influence the actual work practices and process is unclear. From these results, it can be argued that the organisation as such is not yet certain of how the implementation of BIM should and will influence the organisation. Rather, the initiation of BIM at the public client is a learning process about BIM and how it can improve productivity in the organisation.

Series
Procedia Economics and Finance, ISSN 2212-5671 ; 21
Keywords
building information modelling, BIM, implementation, organsiational change
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173179 (URN)10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00165-3 (DOI)000358679700022 ()
Conference
8th Nordic Conference on Construction-Economics-and-Organization (CEO), MAY 28-29, 2015, Tampere, FINLAND
Note

QC 20150914

Available from: 2015-09-14 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved

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