The Impact of Nandrolone Decanoate on Neuropeptidergic Mechanisms Related to Cognition, Aggression, Reward and Dependence
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) is becoming increasingly common and may result in a range of physiological as well as psychological effects such as altered behavior in terms of increased aggression, cognitive dysfunction and addictive behavior. AAS comprise testosterone and its derivatives, of which nandrolone is one of the more common. Previous studies have shown nandrolone-induced effects in male rats on peptide levels within the Substance P (SP) system and the dynorphinergic system; these effects may be linked to some of the reported behavior alterations. The studies presented in this thesis aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying these peptide alterations and also to further investigate neuropeptidergic effects attributed to nandrolone administration. The results display significant effects on the enzymatic conversion of SP and Dynorphin A into their bioactive metabolites SP(1-7) and Leu-enkephalin-Arg6, respectively, as a result of nandrolone treatment. More profound investigations on the dynorphinergic system displayed effects on the kappa opioid receptor density in various brain regions. There was also a significant increase in the expression of the gene transcript of prodynorphin in the hippocampus, a brain region associated with cognitive processes. In addition, impaired spatial learning and memory in the Morris water maze task following nandrolone administration was encountered. The results provide further understanding regarding neuropeptidergic mechanisms underlying AAS-induced behavioral effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2009. , 59 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 103
Anabolic androgenic steroids, Nandrolone decanoate, Substance P, Dynorphin A, KOP receptor, Prodynorphin, Radioimmunoassay, Autoradiography, Morris water maze, PCR, Central nervous system
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Research subject Biological Research on Drug Dependence
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-107483ISBN: 978-91-554-7587-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-107483DiVA: diva2:231439
2009-09-25, B42, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Spampinato, Santi Mario, Professor
Nyberg, Fred, ProfessorHallberg, Mathias, Docent
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