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  • Hlödum, Olöf fra
    The Nordic Museum.
    Mitt barndomshem1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museet och Skansen årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 75-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Gudmundsson, Eyjolfur
    The Nordic Museum.
    Farfar och farmor1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museets och Skansens Årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 65-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Nyman, John
    The Nordic Museum.
    Arbetsåret på landsbygden1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museets och Skansens årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 51-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Kiiski, Alma
    The Nordic Museum.
    Min första kyrkfärd1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museets och Skansens Årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 41-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Möjen, Anna
    The Nordic Museum.
    Börnelege1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museets och Skansens Årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 25-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Thrane, Axel
    The Nordic Museum.
    Herskab og tyende på en lille herregård1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museets och Skansens Årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 11-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Hvarfner, Harald
    The Nordic Museum.
    Nordiska Museet och det nordiska kulturarvet1973In: Fataburen: Nordiska Museets och Skansens årsbok 1973, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1973, p. 7-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • López Durán, Verónica
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology, Fibre Technology.
    Chemical Modification of Cellulose Fibres and Fibrils for Design of New Materials2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the growing interest in biobased materials in today’s society, where the need for a cyclic economy is obvious, there has been a huge increase in the  interest for using cellulose due to its excellent mechanical and chemical properties. However, the properties of cellulose have to be modified and improved in order to satisfy advanced material applications where the cellulose properties can be tuned to fit the properties of other components in composite mixtures. This thesis explores the heterogeneous chemical modification of cellulose for improved material properties of cellulose-based materials and the use of cellulose fibres and fibrils in novel applications.

    In the first part of the work described in this thesis, a fundamental study was performed to clarify how the chemical composition and the fibre/fibril structure of the cellulose following chemical modification affect the material properties. The second part of the work was aimed at exploring the potential for using the chemically modified fibres/fibrils in novel material applications. 

    Lignocellulosic fibres with different chemical compositions were modified by periodate oxidation and borohydride reduction, and it was found that the most important factor was the amount of holocellulose present in the fibres, since lignin-rich fibres were less reactive and less responsive to the treatments. Despite the lower reactivity of lignin-rich fibres, it was however possible to improve their mechanical properties and to achieve a significant increase in the compressive strength of papers prepared from modified unbleached kraft fibres.

    The chemical modifications were then expanded to nine different molecular structures and two different degrees of modification. Fibres modified at low degrees of modification were used to prepare handsheets, followed by mechanical and physical characterization. Highly modified fibres were also used to prepare cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs). It was found that the properties of handsheets and films prepared from modified fibres/fibrils are highly dependent on the chemical structure of the modified cellulose and, as an example, the ductility was greatly improved by converting secondary alcohols to primary alcohols. A detailed analysis of the modified fibres and fibrils also showed that, due to the heterogeneous chemical reaction used, the modified fibrils had a core-shell structure with a shell of modified cellulose with a lower crystalline order surrounding a core of crystalline cellulose. The results also showed that the chemical structure of the modified shell dramatically affects the interaction with moisture. Materials from fibrils containing covalent crosslinks have shown to be less sensitive to moisture at the cost of being more brittle. 

    In a different application, modified CNFs were used as paper strength additives. Three differently modified CNFs were used: carboxymethylated CNFs, periodate-oxidised carboxymethylated CNFs and dopamine-grafted carboxymethylated CNFs. The properties of these CNFs were compared with that of a microfibrillated cellulose from unbleached kraft fibres. In general, a great improvement in the dry mechanical properties of handsheets was observed with the addition of the periodate-oxidised oxidised and dopamine-grafted modified fibrils, whereas only the periodate-oxidised carboxymethylated CNFs improved the wet strength.

    Finally, it was found that the chemically modified fibres could be used to prepare a novel low-density material with good mechanical strength, both wet and dry, and excellent shape recovery capacity in the wet state after mechanical compression. The fibre networks were produced by solvent exchange from water to acetone followed by air drying at room temperature. The properties of the fibre networks could also fairly easily be tuned in terms of porosity, density and strength.

  • Flink, Maria
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Tessma, Mesfin
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Cvancarova Småstuen, Milada
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences; Norway.
    Lindblad, Marléne
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Coleman, Eric A
    University of Colorado Denver Anschutz Medical Campus, USA.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Measuring care transitions in Sweden: validation of the care transitions measure2018In: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, ISSN 1353-4505, E-ISSN 1464-3677, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 291-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To translate and assess the validity and reliability of the original American Care Transitions Measure, both the 15-item and the shortened 3-item versions, in a sample of people in transition from hospital to home within Sweden.

    Design: Translation of survey items, evaluation of psychometric properties.

    Setting: Ten surgical and medical wards at five hospitals in Sweden.

    Participants: Patients discharged from surgical and medical wards.

    Main outcome measure: Psychometric properties of the Swedish versions of the 15-item (CTM-15) and the 3-item (CTM-3) Care Transition Measure.

    Results: We compared the fit of nine models among a sample of 194 Swedish patients. Cronbach's alpha was 0.946 for CTM-15 and 0.74 for CTM-3. The model indices for CTM-15 and CTM-3 were strongly indicative of inferior goodness-of-fit between the hypothesized one-factor model and the sample data. A multidimensional three-factor model revealed a better fit compared with CTM-15 and CTM-3 one factor models. The one-factor solution, representing 4 items (CTM-4), showed an acceptable fit of the data, and was far superior to the one-factor CTM-15 and CTM-3 and the three-factor multidimensional models. The Cronbach's alpha for CTM-4 was 0.85.

    Conclusions: CTM-15 with multidimensional three-factor model was a better model than both CTM-15 and CTM-3 one-factor models. CTM-4 is a valid and reliable measure of care transfer among patients in medical and surgical wards in Sweden. It seems the Swedish CTM is best represented by the short Swedish version (CTM-4) unidimensional construct.

  • Bulow, Pia
    et al.
    Avdelningen för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping .
    Persson-Thunqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Samtal som familjestödjande praktik: barn som anhöriga när föräldrar har psykiska problem2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten redovisar resultatet av en forskningsstudie om familjestödjande samtal med barn och föräldrar i familjer där mamma och/eller pappa har psykiska problem som föranleder kontakt med vuxenpsykiatrin. Det studerade familjestödet bygger på ett utvecklat samarbete mellan en landstingsdriven vuxenpsykiatrisk mottagning och en familjeenhet inom socialtjänsten i en medelstor kommun i Mellansverige. Den del av familjestödet som har studerats är den serie samtal som erbjuds genom familjeenheten och som genomförs där.

    Studiens övergripande syfte var att undersöka hur familjestödjande samtal fungerar och organiseras i samspel mellan barn, föräldrar och professionella. Mer specifikt avsåg studien belysa om och hur barn genom dessa samtal får stöd att prata om föräldrars psykiska problem samt huruvida och på vilket sätt familjestödet kan bistå föräldrarna i deras föräldraskap.

    Inom ramen för forskningsstudien samlades data in från 21 familjestödssamtal samt intervjuer med sju föräldrar och fyra barn efter avslutat familjestöd. Dessutom genomfördes sju intervjuer med samtalsledarna som medverkat vid de studerade familjestödssamtalen. Tre familjer följdes genom hela samtalsserien som för dessa familjer omfattade mellan sex och åtta samtal. Samtliga familjestödssamtal spelades in med ljud och bild medan enbart ljud gällde för intervjuerna.

    Familjestödssamtalen analyserades med samtalsanalytiska och narrativa metoder. Viktiga teoretiska utgångspunkter var det som brukar kallas institutionella samtal och teorier om socialt samspel i interaktion. Av betydelse var också tidigare forskning om barnsamtal och familje-samtal som kommunikativ praktik och i institutionella kontexter t.ex. familjeterapi, samt internationella och nationella studier om familjestödjande interventioner av typen Beardslees preventiva familjeinterventionoch den finska kortversionen Föra barnen på tal.

    Analysen av de studerade familjestödssamtalen – som enskilda samtal och som samtalsserier – visar att familjestödet på flera sätt skiljer sig från många andra institutionella samtal som beskrivs i forskningen, genom att till sin karaktär vara samarbetsinriktade och samtidigt både kartläggande och rådgivande. Familjestödet liknar istället mer terapeutiska möten såsom familjeterapeutiska samtal med den avgörande skillnaden att det i familjestödssamtal är föräldrars psykiska problem som står i fokus medan det klassiska i familjeterapi är att barn är den identifierade patienten.

    Inom familjestödet har framför allt föräldrar, men också barn i viss utsträckning, möjlighet till stort inflytande när det gäller upplägg av samtalsserien som trots ett tydligt gemensamt mönster modifieras utifrån varje familjs livsomständigheter och konstellation. Både barn och föräldrar kan också styra vilken information som föras vidare från enskilda samtal till övriga i familjen.

    Att det studerade familjestödet har formen av en serie samtal med det övergripande målet att stödja barn genom att ge föräldrar stöd i att samtala med barnet/barnen om sina psykiska problem, innebär också att de olika samtalen i serien – som sker i varierande konstellationer avseende personer och antal deltagare – knyts till varandra genom ett fokus på barnet/barnen och dess/deras behov av information om föräldrars psykisk hälsa/ohälsa.

    Tre viktiga aspekter på familjestödet som identifierades var: 1) hur det tycktes öka barns möjlighet att prata om föräldrars psykiska problem utifrån sitt behov av information samt att tydliggöra barns position som anhörig med rätt att få vetskap; 2) den lärande dimensionen av familjestödsamtal; och 3) hur familjestödet realiseras genom en balansakt av de professionella men där barn och föräldrar aktivt deltar.

    I relation till andra institutionella samtal med barn och föräldrar, tycktes barnen i familjestödet få sitt perspektiv belyst i relativt hög utsträckning, och barn kom till tals särskilt i barnsamtalen. Ett viktigt tema i familjestödet och speciellt i enskilda samtal med barn, handlade om huruvida barn tog eller kände ett för sin ålder alltför stort ansvar för sin/sina föräldrar. Analysen av barnsamtalen tydliggör dock att det kan krävas mycket samtalstid för att barn på eget initiativ ska ta upp frågor om oro beroende av föräldrars sjukdom. För barn är det krävande att förmedla sina funderingar kring svåra frågor till andra vuxna och särskilt i ett institutionellt sammanhang.

    Samtidigt indikerar analysen att barns roll som anhörig inte är självklar eller oproblematisk då barn i hög grad tycktes medverka utifrån föräldrars önskan snarare än en egen uttalad vilja att delta. Inte heller stod det helt klart att barnen fullt ut förstod vilken typ av samtal de skulle medverka i när de kom till sitt första samtal inom ramen för familjestödet.

    Den lärande dimensionen av familjestödet hör delvis ihop med den seriekoppling som tydligt skedde mellan olika samtal genom att samtalsledare rekapitulerade tidigare möten, återberättade vad andra familjemedlemmar hade sagt i tidigare möten samt upprepade planen för nästkommande samtal liksom målet för familjestödet i sin helhet. I detta märktes även den utmaning det innebar för de professionella när det gällde att anta ett barnperspektiv då flertalet samtal utgjordes av föräldrasamtal. Anläggandet av ett barnperspektiv kan därför ses både som en professionell hållning och som en del av den lärande aspekten i familjestödssamtalen där just barnperspektivet tycktes bidra till att konstituera familjestödet som en helhet genom t.ex. att hålla fokus och att seriekoppla möten.

    Till skillnad från den kamp mellan ett professionellt perspektiv och klientens livsvärlds-perspektiv som ofta beskrivs i tidigare forskning som gällt samtal och samtalsserier inom välfärdsinstitutioner som socialtjänst, hälso- och sjukvård, försäkringskassan och arbetsförmedlingen, visar analysen av familjestödet hur samtalsledaren växlar mellan flera olika perspektiv – föräldraperspektivet, barnperspektivet och ett professionellt perspektiv. Detta sker på ett flexibelt sätt anpassat till samtalens dynamik och föräldrars och barns individuella förutsättningar och utgör på övergripande plan den balansakt de professionella utför.

    Analysen av familjestödet visar att det finns tydliga likheter med den struktur som beskrivs för Beardslees preventiva familjeintervention. Därmed kan studien av familjestödet bidra till ökad förståelse också för den typen av samtalsserier med barn och föräldrar och för vilken det saknas naturalistiska studier av autentiska möten.

  • Jonasson, Julia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Andersson, Lisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Lööf, Jenny (Editor)
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Returcykeln: Ett normkreativt avfallsprojekt2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har ett av världens mest effektiva avfallssystem ur ett miljöperspektiv. Vi har mycket låg grad av deponi och förbränning och hög grad av källsortering. Men det har visat sig svårt att öka andelen sorterat avfall.

    Orsaken till bristande sorteringsgrad och nedskräpning sägs ofta vara att brukare inte förstår systemet eller att de medvetet slarvar i hanteringen av sitt avfall och vid sortering vid lokala återvinningsstationer.

    Men tänk om det inte stämmer. Tänk om det finns orsaker i designen av avfallssystemet som avgör brukarens benägenhet och möjlighet att göra rätt.

    I den här korta rapporten ges exempel på vad som händer när designmetoder, tjänstedesign, normkritik och stadsutveckling möts för att utmana det nuvarande avfallssystemet.

  • Bergstedt, Cecilia
    Cultivating Gender: Meanings of Place and Work in Rural Vietnam2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “The husband ploughs, the wife transplants, the buffalo harrows.” In rural Vietnam, this ancient saying has survived communist revolution, land reforms and the recent rise of market-oriented household farming. And yet, even if this trinity still pictures the ideal essence of farming life, the reality is that urbanization, labour migration and economic change in the Vietnamese countryside are leading to a feminization of farming. This transformation has profound implications not just for the agricultural sector and the individual women themselves but also for fundamental social structures and relations. By exploring in detail the lived reality of rural life in a northern wet-rice village, the author offers important insights into place, workand (not least) what constitutes femininity and masculinity in Vietnam today.

  • Luping, Tang
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Aarre, Tine
    Nordic Evaluation of Methods for Testing Fresh Self-Compacting Concrete: NORDTEST Project No. 1629-032004Report (Refereed)
  • Luping, Tang
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Estimation of Cement/Binder Profile Parallel to the Determination of Chloride Profile in Concrete: NORDTEST Project No. 1581-022003Report (Refereed)
  • Molin, Christer
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Lauritzen, Erik
    Sprängning av betong: Håltagning i och partiell rivning av betongkonstruktioner1988Report (Refereed)
  • Thill, Serge
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Riveiro, Maria
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Lagerstedt, Erik
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Lebram, Mikael
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Hemeren, Paul
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Habibovic, Azra
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Klingegård, Maria
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Driver adherence to recommendations from support systems improves if the systems explain why they are given: A simulator study2018In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 56, p. 420-435Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a large-scale simulator study on driver adherence to recommendations given by driver support systems, specifically eco-driving support and navigation support. 123 participants took part in this study, and drove a vehicle simulator through a pre-defined environment for a duration of approximately 10 min. Depending on the experimental condition, participants were either given no eco-driving recommendations, or a system whose provided support was either basic (recommendations were given in the form of an icon displayed in a manner that simulates a heads-up display) or informative (the system additionally displayed a line of text justifying its recommendations). A navigation system that likewise provided either basic or informative support, depending on the condition, was also provided. Effects are measured in terms of estimated simulated fuel savings as well as engine braking/coasting behaviour and gear change efficiency. Results indicate improvements in all variables. In particular, participants who had the support of an eco-driving system spent a significantly higher proportion of the time coasting. Participants also changed gears at lower engine RPM when using an eco-driving support system, and significantly more so when the system provided justifications. Overall, the results support the notion that providing reasons why a support system puts forward a certain recommendation improves adherence to it over mere presentation of the recommendation. Finally, results indicate that participants’ driving style was less eco-friendly if the navigation system provided justifications but the eco-system did not. This may be due to participants considering the two systems as one whole rather than separate entities with individual merits. This has implications for how to design and evaluate a given driver support system since its effectiveness may depend on the performance of other systems in the vehicle.

  • Sandsjö, Leif
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Guo, Li
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Scan-to-knit - A platform for personalised smart textiles research and develoment with a special focus on prosthetics2018In: ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology: University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, June 30th - 2nd July, 2018 / [ed] Madeleine Lowery, Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2018, p. 222-223Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Sandsjö, Leif
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Alwin, Jenny
    Linköping University.
    Sörbo, Ann
    Södra Älvsborg Hospital.
    Lindgren, Marie
    Linköping University Hospital.
    Ertzgaard, Per
    Linköping University.
    Participants' views on the blinding aspect  of a RCT study - Experiences from evaluation of a TES concept for self-administered treatment of spasticity2018In: ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology: Univeristy College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, June 30th - July 2nd, 2018 / [ed] Madeleine Lowery, Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Iddris, Faisal
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Examining Innovation Capability In A Supply Chain Context2018In: International Journal of Business Research and Management, ISSN 2180-2165, E-ISSN 2180-2165, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 62-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current competitive business environment demands that firms are able to integrate operational capabilities of their supply chain members in order to develop, produce and deliver offerings at low cost and high quality. In order to understand innovation capability in a supply chain context, this paper provides an in-depth analysis of ‘Comfort Audio’, a leading company in medical technology in Sweden, which show incredible ability to develop innovative solutions and medical products over the years. A single case study was adopted in this study, which enabled indepth analysis of the case company. Findings, highlight, innovation capability factors is made up of: idea management, interactive learning, collaboration and idea implementation. In addition, consultants were found to be one of the key supply chain members contributing to the firm’s innovation capability. The main theoretical contribution of the study is that innovation capability of a firm has been found to go beyond the internal capabilities that a focal firm owns or possesses, but rather through the access and utilisation of external actors’ resources and capabilities, as a result of exchange relationships with the supply chain members.

  • Iddris, Faisal
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Digital Supply Chain: Survey of the Literature2018In: International Journal of Business Research and Management, ISSN 2180-2165, E-ISSN 2180-2165, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 47-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose- The aim of this research is to provide accumulated body of prior knowledge on digital supply chain (DSC) and provides opportunities for further research.

    Design/Methodology/approach-This study presents a literature review of 60 peer-reviewed articles from 2000-2017.

    Findings-Based on the analysis of the 60 articles, the paper finds that the main drivers of digital supply chain consist of technologies, digitization, integration, collaboration and coordination. The analysis reveals that the most dominant research method used was survey-type research (40.0 percent). The conclusion is that there is the need for researchers to employ qualitative case to empirically examine the development of DSC, this may lead to high level conceptualisation and theoretical development in the field of DSC. In addition, the analysis revealed that 73.3 percent of the articles failed to discuss any theoretical foundation. Thus, this review provides foundation for conceptualization and theory development in the field of digital supply chain.

    Originality/value-There has been some reviews of supply chain management in general; but there are little attempts scholars to synthesize extant literature on digital supply chain. Thus, the aim of this research is to provide accumulated body of prior knowledge of digital supply chain and provides opportunities for further research.

  • von Rosen, Tatjana
    et al.
    Department of Statistics, Stockholm University.
    von Rosen, Dietrich
    Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Bilinear regression with random effects and reduced rank restrictions2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bilinear models with three types of effects are considered: fixed effects, random effects and latent variable effects. Explicit estimators are proposed.

  • Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Atuhairwe, S
    Cleeve, A
    Byamugisha, J K
    Larsson, E C
    Makenzius, M
    Oguttu, M
    Gemzell-Danielsson, K
    Co-creation to scale up provision of simplified high-quality comprehensive abortion care in East Central and Southern Africa2018In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 1490106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universal access to comprehensive abortion care (CAC) is a reproductive right and is essential to reduce preventable maternal mortality and morbidity. In East Africa, abortion rates are consistently high, and the vast majority of all abortions are unsafe, significantly contributing to unnecessary mortality and morbidity. The current debate article reflects and summarises key action points required to continue to speed the implementation of and expand access to CAC in the East, Central, and Southern African (ECSA) health community. To ensure universal access to quality CAC, a regional platform could facilitate the sharing of best practices and successful examples from the region, which would help to visualise opportunities. Such a platform could also identify innovative ways to secure women's access to quality care within legally restrictive environments and would provide information and capacity building through the sharing of recent scientific evidence, guidelines, and training programmes aimed at increasing women's access to CAC at the lowest effective level in the healthcare system. This type of infrastructure for exchanging information and developing co-creation could be crucial to advancing the Sustainable Development Goals 2030 agenda.

  • Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    School, friends, or a matter of personality? A multidimensional approach to exploring sources of tolerance among students2018In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, no 2, p. 155-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The school is often emphasized as the societal institution with a universal mandate for promoting democratic values such as tolerance among the younger generation. This study explores the role of a positive school context for tolerance among Swedish students between 14 and 20 years old, simultaneously taking into account competing explanations such as social networks and personal traits. Results show that factors at the school level are associated with tolerance. However, socioeconomic factors and social networks tend to play a more important role. The study concludes by drawing attention to the role of schools as inclusive communities for students from different ethnical and social backgrounds.

  • Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Integrated Model of Innovative Competence2017In: Journal of Creativity and Business Innovation, ISSN 2351-6186, Vol. 3, p. 140-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual article contributes to understanding of individual innovative competence by providing a comprehensive view of the concept, integrating different theories from innovation management into one model and linking it to the theory from studies of competence, where Illeris (2013) competence model is taken as the base. The contribution of this article is to fill the gap in existing innovation management theory where most researchers focus only on specific dimensions of innovative competence. The proposed integrated model of innovative competence was developed based on a systematic literature review, using the ISI Web of Knowledge database for Social Science domain between 1980-2016, and different combinations of words “individual” and “innovation” with terms “competence”, “behavior”, “skill”, “attitude” and “trait”, as search words. It shows how individuals need to combine different knowledge, personality traits, functional and interactive skills to demonstrate innovative behavior in practice. There is a certain ambidexterity or two-sidedness in the elements of innovative competence that enables individual to move between exploration of opportunities and generation of ideas on one hand, and implementation and exploitation of ideas on the other. The model can be used in different ways, both in teaching and in organizations. Teachers can use it as a reflection tool to increase understanding of innovative competence among students, but also as the basis for developing practice-based curriculum for strengthening innovative competence among students. Organizations can use the model both as a support in recruiting innovative talent, assessing and developing innovation as a core competence among employees, and when forming innovative teams. 

  • Bozic Yams, Nina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. RISE SICS Västerås.
    Is this Choreography?: Choreographing conditions for innovative practice in everyday work2018In: Organisational Aesthetics, ISSN 2168-8575, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 24-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article introduces some of the concepts from experimental contemporary dance and choreography, such as “body and materiality”, the “method of practice”, and “undoing everydayness”, that have not been addressed much in the “dance and organization” theory. It expands the application of dance methods from the predominant field of leadership practice towards the innovation management and development of innovative competence of employees in organizations. The concept of “body and materiality” suggests that employees could focus more on engaging the body and materiality when innovating in order to balance the external drivers of innovation (such as market trends, user needs, and increase of shareholder value) with their own needs, desires and well-being, but also to make use of the vast possibilities of embodied knowledge that is often excluded from innovation processes. The “method of practice” proposes to give more attention to the process rather than just the performance or result of innovating, using methods, such as “doing less” to create more time to reflect, finding “meaningful questions” to innovate around, and using “improvisation” as a method to develop new ideas through the practice of spontaneous experimentation. It shifts the idea from using innovative competence to perform a desired effect through prescribed top-down innovation projects towards developing innovative practice through durational bottom-up exploration. “Undoing everydayness” hints that innovation can come closer to everyday work routines of all employees, by challenging existing norms and combining critical thinking with exploration of potentiality in everyday work. Concrete examples of activities through which these concepts were materialized in a choreographic intervention at the Art of Management conference 2016 are described and their potential to be applied in organizations discussed. 

  • Ågårdh, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Kvalitetssäkring inom byggområdet1986Report (Refereed)
  • Brolin, Hans
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Gustafsson, Martin
    Dörrar och fönster i naturligt klimat1988Report (Refereed)
  • Örtengren, Eva
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Mögelpåväxt i friska hus1988Report (Refereed)
  • Linde, Sune
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Målade fuktspärrar i golvkonstruktioner1989Report (Refereed)
  • Building physics research and developent 1984-881988Report (Refereed)
  • Elfgren, Lennart
    et al.
    Anneling, Roger
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Granlund, Stig-Ola
    Adhesive anchors: Tests with cyclic and long-time loads1987Report (Refereed)
  • Miguel, Sophie
    et al.
    Mars Wrigley, 1132 W Blackhawk St, Chicago, IL 60642 USA..
    Champ, Claire
    Univ Leeds, Sch Psychol, Human Appetite Res Unit, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England..
    Day, Jon
    Cerebrus Associates Ltd, White House,2 Meadrow, Godalming GU7 3HN, Surrey, England..
    Aarts, Esther
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Donders Inst Brain Cognit & Behav, Kapittelweg 29, NL-6525 EN Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Bahr, Ben A.
    Univ N Carolina, Biotechnol Res & Training Ctr, Pembroke, WA USA..
    Bakker, Martijntje
    Netherlands Org Hlth Res & Dev, Laan Nieuw Oost Indie 334, NL-2593 CE The Hague, Netherlands..
    Banati, Diana
    Europe ILSI Europe, Int Life Sci Inst, E Mounier 83,Box 6, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium..
    Calabrese, Vittorio
    Univ Catania, Dept Biomed & Biotechnol Sci, Biol Tower Via Santa Sofia 97, Catania, Italy..
    Cederholm, Tommy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
    Cryan, John
    Univ Coll Cork, Anat & Neurosci, 386 Western Gateway Bldg, Cork, Ireland..
    Dye, Louise
    Univ Leeds, Sch Psychol, Human Appetite Res Unit, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England..
    Farrimond, Jonathan A.
    Lucozade Ribena Suntory Ltd, Uxbridge, Middx, England..
    Korosi, Aniko
    Univ Amsterdam, Ctr Neurosci, Swammerdam Inst Life Sci, Sci Pk 904, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Laye, Sophie
    INRA Bordeaux Univ, Nutr & Neurobiol Integree, 146 Rue Lio Saignat, F-33076 Bordeaux, France..
    Maudsley, Stuart
    Univ Antwerp, Dept Biomed Res, Gebouw V,Campus Drie Eileen,Univ Pl 1, Antwerp, Belgium.;Univ Antwerp, VIBU Antwerp Ctr Mol Neurol, Gebouw V,Campus Drie Eileen,Univ Pl 1, Antwerp, Belgium..
    Milenkovic, Dragan
    UCA, INRA, Human Nutr Unit, F-63003 Clermont Ferrand, France.;Univ Calif Davis, Sch Med, Dept Internal Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Davis, CA 95616 USA..
    Mohajeri, M. Hasan
    DSM Nutr Prod Ltd, Wurmisweg 576, CH-4303 Kaiseraugst, Switzerland..
    Sijben, John
    Nutr Adv Med Nutr, Nutr Res, POB 80141, NL-3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Solomon, Alina
    Karolinska Inst, Aging Res Ctr, Gavlegatan 16, SE-11330 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Spencer, Jeremy P. E.
    Univ Reading, Hugh Sinclair Unit Human Nutr, Reading RG6 6AP, Berks, England.;Univ Reading, Inst Cardiovasc & Metab Res, Dept Food & Nutr Sci, Reading RG6 6AP, Berks, England..
    Thuret, Sandrine
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Maurice Wohl Clin Neurosci Inst, 125 Coldharbour Lane, London SE5 9NU, England..
    Vanden Berghe, Wim
    Univ Antwerp, Dept Biomed Sci, PPES, Campus Drie Eileen,Univ Pl 1, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium..
    Vauzour, David
    Univ East Anglia, Norwich Res Pk, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, England..
    Vellas, Bruno
    CHU Toulouse, Dept Geriatr Med, Toulouse, France..
    Wesnes, Keith
    Wesnes Cognit Ltd, Little Paddock, Streatley On Thames RG8 9RD, England.;Univ Exeter, Med Sch, Exeter, Devon, England.;Northumbria Univ, Dept Psychol, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.;Swinbume Univ, Ctr Human Psychopharmacol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Newcastle Univ, Med Plant Res Croup, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Willatts, Peter
    Univ Dundee Nethergate, Sch Psychol, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland..
    Wittenberg, Raphael
    London Sch Econ & Polit Sci, Personal Social Serv, Res Unit, London, England..
    Geurts, Lucie
    Europe ILSI Europe, Int Life Sci Inst, E Mounier 83,Box 6, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium..
    Poor cognitive ageing: Vulnerabilities, mechanisms and the impact of nutritional interventions2018In: Ageing Research Reviews, ISSN 1568-1637, E-ISSN 1872-9649, Vol. 42, p. 40-55Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ageing is a highly complex process marked by a temporal cascade of events, which promote alterations in the normal functioning of an individual organism. The triggers of normal brain ageing are not well understood, even less so the factors which initiate and steer the neuronal degeneration, which underpin disorders such as dementia. A wealth of data on how nutrients and diets may support cognitive function and preserve brain health are available, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying their biological action in both normal ageing, age-related cognitive decline, and in the development of neurodegenerative disorders have not been clearly elucidated.

    Objectives: This review aims to summarise the current state of knowledge of vulnerabilities that predispose towards dysfunctional brain ageing, highlight potential protective mechanisms, and discuss dietary interventions that may be used as therapies. A special focus of this paper is on the impact of nutrition on neuroprotection and the underlying molecular mechanisms, and this focus reflects the discussions held during the 2nd workshop ‘Nutrition for the Ageing Brain: Functional Aspects and Mechanisms’ in Copenhagen in June 2016. The present review is the most recent in a series produced by the Nutrition and Mental Performance Task Force under the auspice of the International Life Sciences Institute Europe (ILSI Europe).

    Conclusion: Coupling studies of cognitive ageing with studies investigating the effect of nutrition and dietary interventions as strategies targeting specific mechanisms, such as neurogenesis, protein clearance, inflammation, and non-coding and microRNAs is of high value. Future research on the impact of nutrition on cognitive ageing will need to adopt a longitudinal approach and multimodal nutritional interventions will likely need to be imposed in early-life to observe significant impact in older age.

  • Reid, A. H.
    et al.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Linac Coherent Light Source, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Shen, X.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Accelerator Div, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Maldonado, Pablo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Chase, T.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; Stanford Univ, Dept Appl Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Jal, E.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; UPMC Univ Paris 06, Sorbonne Univ, Lab Chim Phys Matiere & Rayonnement, CNRS, F-75005 Paris, France.
    Granitzka, P. W.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; Univ Amsterdam, Van der Waals Zeeman Inst, NL-1018 XE Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Carva, K.
    Charles Univ Prague, Dept Condensed Matter Phys, Fac Math & Phys, Ke Karlovu 5, CZ-12116 Prague 2, Czech Republic.
    Li, R. K.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Accelerator Div, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Li, J.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.
    Wu, L.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.
    Vecchione, T.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Accelerator Div, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Liu, T.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; Stanford Univ, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Chen, Z.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; Stanford Univ, Dept Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Higley, D. J.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; Stanford Univ, Dept Appl Phys, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Hartmann, N.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Linac Coherent Light Source, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Coffee, R.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Linac Coherent Light Source, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Wu, J.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Accelerator Div, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Dakowski, G. L.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Linac Coherent Light Source, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Schlotter, W. F.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Linac Coherent Light Source, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Ohldag, H.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Synchrotron Radiat Lab, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Takahashi, Y. K.
    Natl Inst Mat Sci, Magnet Mat Unit, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3050047, Japan.
    Mehta, V.
    HGST, San Jose Res Ctr, 3403 Yerba Buena Rd, San Jose, CA 95135 USA; Thomas J Watson Res Ctr, 1101 Kitchawan Rd, Yorktown Hts, NY 10598 USA.
    Hellwig, O.
    HGST, San Jose Res Ctr, 3403 Yerba Buena Rd, San Jose, CA 95135 USA; Tech Univ Chemnitz, Inst Phys, Reichenhainer Str 70, D-09107 Chemnitz, Germany; Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf, Inst Ion Beam Phys & Mat Res, D-01328 Dresden, Germany.
    Fry, A.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Linac Coherent Light Source, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Zhu, Y.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.
    Cao, J.
    Florida State Univ, Dept Phys, Tallahassee, FL 32310 USA; Florida State Univ, Natl High Magnet Field Lab, Tallahassee, FL 32310 USA.
    Fullerton, E. E.
    Univ Calif San Diego, Ctr Memory & Recording Res, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA.
    Stohr, J.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Oppeneer, Peter M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Wang, X. J.
    SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Accelerator Div, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Dürr, Hermann A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, FREIA. SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Inst Mat & Energy Sci, 2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Publisher Correction: Beyond a phenomenological description of magnetostriction2018In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 9, article id 1035Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Anpassning av vägmiljö och vegetation som åtgärd mot viltolyckor2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wildlife accidents are a global problem that causes human fatalities as well as physical and economic damage. Current preventive measures do not seem sufficient enough to achieve a reduction in wildlife accidents. The road environment may be modified so as to reduce the attractiveness of resources in the road area. Modifications may be directed towards the maintenance (e.g. adjustment of mowing practices) or the structure or composition of the vegetation. This report presents an overview of the current knowledge about how the road area, and to some extent also the adjacent areas, can be made less attractive to wildlife through road environment and vegetation changes. The report deals with relationships between wildlife presence/wildlife accidents and the surrounding environment as well as road operation and maintenance. Studies of wildlife collisions and the surrounding environment reveal complex relationships between wildlife collisions and landscape features (e.g. forest or open landscape), species and/or habitat diversity. How crucial these characteristics are for wildlife collisions largely depends on which game animals are studied. Mowing and clear-cutting activities, as well as adjacent land use may influence the roadside attraction for wildlife, sometimes in unknown ways. The list of plants that should be unattractive to grazing should be evaluated and developed further.

  • Nekoro, Marmar
    et al.
    Svedén, Jennie
    Ekosystemtjänstanalys i Kristianstads Vattenrike: pilotstudie strandängar2009Book (Other academic)
  • Little, Chelsea J.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Swedish Natl Rd & Transport Res Inst, VTI, S-10215 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Molau, Ulf
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Alatalo, Juha M.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Ecol & Genet, S-62167 Visby, Sweden..
    Community and species-specific responses to simulated global change in two subarctic-alpine plant communities2015In: Ecosphere, ISSN 2150-8925, E-ISSN 2150-8925, Vol. 6, no 11, article id 227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term observational studies have detected greening and shrub encroachment in the subarctic attributed to current climate change, while global change simulations have showed that community composition and productivity may shift drastically in arctic, subarctic, and alpine tundra plant communities in the future. However, responses to global change can be highly species-and context-dependent. We examined community-level and species-specific responses to a six-year factorial temperature and nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorus) amendment experiment in two alpine plant communities in northern Sweden: a species-poor dwarf shrub heath, and a more species-rich meadow. We hypothesized that abundance responses to global change would be variable within commonly defined vascular plant functional groups (e.g., forbs, evergreen shrubs, deciduous shrubs) and that new species would appear in experimental plots over time due to the ameliorated growing conditions. We found that within most functional groups, species were highly individualistic with respect to the global change simulation, particularly within the forbs, whereas within the shrubs, responses were neutral to negative and widely variable in magnitude. In the heath community the response of the graminoid functional group was driven almost entirely by the grass Calamagrostis lapponica, which increased in abundance by an order of magnitude in the combined temperature and nutrient treatment. Furthermore, community context was important for species' responses to the simulations. Abundance of the pan-arctic species Carex bigelowii and Vaccinium vitis-idaea responded primarily to the temperature treatment in the meadow community whereas the nutrient treatment had stronger effects in the heath community. Over six growing seasons, more new species appeared in the experimental plots than in control plots in the meadow community, whereas in the heath community only one new species appeared. Our results from two closely situated but different plant communities show that functional groups do not predict individual species responses to simulated global change, and that these responses depend to a large extent on pre-existing physical conditions as well as biotic interactions such as competition and facilitation. It may be difficult to apply general trends of global change responses to specific local communities.

  • Alatalo, Juha M.
    et al.
    Department of Ecology and Genetics, Uppsala University, Visby, Sweden.
    Little, Chelsea, J.
    Department of Ecology and Genetics, Uppsala University, Visby, Sweden.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Molau, Ulf
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Dominance hierarchies, diversity and species richness of vascular plants in an alpine meadow: contrasting short and medium term responses to simulated global change2014In: PeerJ, ISSN 2167-8359, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 2, article id e406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We studied the impact of simulated global change on a high alpine meadow plant community. Specifically, we examined whether short-term (5 years) responses are good predictors for medium-term (7 years) changes in the system by applying a factorial warming and nutrient manipulation to 20 plots in Latnjajaure, subarctic Sweden. Seven years of experimental warming and nutrient enhancement caused dramatic shifts in dominance hierarchies in response to the nutrient and the combined warming and nutrient enhancement treatments. Dominance hierarchies in the meadow moved from a community being dominated by cushion plants, deciduous, and evergreen shrubs to a community being dominated by grasses, sedges, and forbs. Short-term responses were shown to be inconsistent in their ability to predict medium-term responses for most functional groups, however, grasses showed a consistent and very substantial increase in response to nutrient addition over the seven years.

    The non-linear responses over time point out the importance of longer-term studies with repeated measurements to be able to better predict future changes. Forecasted changes to temperature and nutrient availability have implications for trophic interactions, and may ultimately influence the access to and palatability of the forage for grazers. Depending on what anthropogenic change will be most pronounced in the future (increase in nutrient deposits, warming, or a combination of them both), different shifts in community dominance hierarchies may occur. Generally, this study supports the productivity–diversity relationship found across arctic habitats, with community diversity peaking in mid-productivity systems and degrading as nutrient availability increases further. This is likely due the increasing competition in plant–plant interactions and the shifting dominance structure with grasses taking over the experimental plots, suggesting that global change could have high costs to biodiversity in the Arctic.

  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Hokkaido University.
    Effects of an in situ temperature increase on the short-term growth of arctic-alpine bryophytes2007In: Lindbergia, ISSN 0105-0761, E-ISSN 2001-5909, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 82-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the short-term growth responses to a temperature increase in situ of three bryophytes species of different genera. Temperatures were enhanced by the use of open-top chambers at Latnjajaure, a subarctic-alpine site in northernmost Sweden. Growth was measured during the growing season of 1995, using the tied-thread method for Aulacomnium turgidum, the cranked-wire method for Sphagnum teres, and the shoot-transplanting method for Tomentypnum nitens. Temperature enhancement significantly increased the growth in length of Sphagnum teres while no significant effects were found for the other two species. One possible reason for this is that Sphagnum teres had more water available, while the other two species could not respond to increased temperature due to constraints of water availability. 

  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Alatalo, Juha M.
    Uppsala universitet, Växtekologi och evolution.
    Effects of human trampling on abundance and diversity of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens in alpine heath vegetation, Northern Sweden2015In: Springer Series in Chemical Physics, ISSN 0172-6218, E-ISSN 2193-1801, Vol. 4, article id 95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the effects of human trampling on cover, diversity and species richness in an alpine heath ecosystem in northern Sweden. We tested the hypothesis that proximity to trails decreases plant cover, diversity and species richness of the canopy and the understory. We found a significant decrease in plant cover with proximity to the trail for the understory, but not for the canopy level, and significant decreases in the abundance of deciduous shrubs in the canopy layer and lichens in the understory. Proximity also had a significant negative impact on species richness of lichens. However, there were no significant changes in species richness, diversity or evenness of distribution in the canopy or understory with proximity to the trail. While not significant, liverworts, acrocarpous and pleurocarpous bryophytes tended to have contrasting abundance patterns with differing proximity to the trail, indicating that trampling may cause shifts in dominance hierarchies of different groups of bryophytes. Due to the decrease in understory cover, the abundance of litter, rock and soil increased with proximity to the trail. These results demonstrate that low-frequency human trampling in alpine heaths over long periods can have major negative impacts on lichen abundance and species richness. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that trampling can decrease species richness of lichens. It emphasises the importance of including species-level data on non-vascular plants when conducting studies in alpine or tundra ecosystems, since they often make up the majority of species and play a significant role in ecosystem functioning and response in many of these extreme environments.

  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    During, Heinjo J.
    Utrecht University.
    Effects of simulated shade on growth, number of branches and biomass in Hylocomium splendens and Racomitrium lanuginosum2005In: Lindbergia, ISSN 0105-0761, E-ISSN 2001-5909, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 117-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of simulated shade in terms of reduced light quantity (PPFD) and changed red:far-red ratio (R:FR ratio) on the growth in length, in number of branches and in biomass, were examined in a greenhouse experiment with Hylocomium splendens and Racomitrium lanuginosum, two species from habitats with different light conditions (with H. splendens often in more shaded microsites). Using ten intact moss turfs per species which had been collected on Iceland at 4 m distance between replicate turfs, we tested, whether light quantity affected growth and biomass, whether changes in light quantity and red:far-red ratio affected the number of branches, and whether the two species differed in these responses. Reduced light quantity (i.e. PPFD level) caused a greater length increase, decreased biomass, and biomass:length ratio in both species, but the magnitude of response varied greatly between species. Furthermore, in R. lanuginosum spectral shade (i.e. reduced PPFD and a lower R:FR ratio) generally caused stronger responses than neutral shade, with only a reduction in PPFD. H. splendens (from the shaded habitat) responded less strongly to the shade treatments than R. lanuginosum (from the open habitat) did. In addition to these effects of shading, there were strong effects of the turf of origin in both species, and in many cases the interaction between turf of origin and shading treatment was significant as well.

  • Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Hellman, Fredrik
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Väg- och banteknik, VBA.
    Energiutvinning ur vägar och vägmiljöer: en kunskapsöversikt2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report aims to identify new technologies for energy harvesting and the ability to use them in the road and the surrounding road area. The survey focuses on the materials and methods that may be used in the Swedish (cold) climate. The report can be useful for planning of new infrastructure when you want to make use of renewable energy and wants to reduce the environmental impact. Considering today’s technological conditions, the following techniques may be relevant: photovoltaics, geothermal energy, piezoelectric technology, wind energy or bioenergy. There are, however, many factors holding back the development of new innovative systems for energy production in roads and their environment. Some important factors are for example that maintenance costs will increase or that the maintenance of the road will become more difficult.

  • Robertson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Tschan, Georg
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Evaluation of transport interventions in developing countries2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    International climate policy and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with the Kyoto Protocol include different mechanisms or programmes for actions in developing countries aimed at reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). To verify compliance, the effects of such actions, including transport measures, need to be measured, reported and verified (MRV). However, in relation to other sectors very few transport-related projects have been initiated. Potential problems and ambiguities related to the current evaluation methodology were therefore investigated as a possible explanation for the low interest in investments in the transport sector. Other objectives of this study were to analyse the requirements for development and improvement of methods for evaluating the effects of transport policies and measures on emissions of greenhouse gases in developing countries. The analyses includes a review of different climate mechanisms, for example applied within the UNFCCC, evaluation requirements and methodologies used, the general availability of methods for evaluation of traffic and transportation, evaluation data availability, and institutional conditions in developing countries. The main conclusions are that measuring traffic and transportation is generally a complex and demanding process, and the potential for misinterpretation of results is significant. In addition, there is a significant risk of rebound effects, especially for transport projects in developing countries aiming at modal shift. Furthermore, it seems that very short time frames are applied for evaluation of project-based mechanisms in the transport sector. Other challenges relate to institutional roles and responsibilities, the availability of personal and financial resources, and the knowledge and perspectives applied. Based on these limitations regarding transport project evaluations, further development of transport-related climate mechanisms towards a more sectoral and transformational perspective is suggested.

  • Kharitonov, Dmitry S.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden ; Belarusian State Technological University, Belarus.
    Örnek, Cem
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea KIMAB. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sommertune, Jens
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Zharskii, Ivan M.
    Belarusian State Technological University, Belarus.
    Kurilo, Irina I.
    Belarusian State Technological University, Belarus.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Corrosion Inhibition of Aluminum Alloy AA6063-T5 by Vanadates: Microstructure Characterization and Corrosion Analysis2018In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 5, no 3, p. C116-C126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corrosion inhibition of aluminum alloy AA6063-T5 by vanadates (NaVO3) in 0.05 M NaCl solution has been investigated by electrochemical and weight loss measurements, and associated with microstructure and Volta potential data. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses confirmed the presence of micrometer-sized Fe-rich Al4.01MnSi0.74, Al1.69Mg4Zn2.31, and FeAl3intermetallic phases (IMPs) and nanometer-sized CuAl2, ZnAl2, and Mg2Si precipitates in the microstructure. Scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy measurements showed Volta potential differences of up to 600 mV between the microstructure constituents indicating a high susceptibility to micro-galvanic corrosion, with interphase boundary regions exhibiting the highest propensity to corrosion. Most IMPs had cathodic character whereas some nanometer-sized Mg-rich particles exhibited anodic nature, with large Volta potential gradients within interphase regions of large cathodic particles. Electrochemical potentiodynamic polarization measurements indicated that the vanadates provided mixed corrosion inhibition effects, mitigating both oxygen reduction, occurring on cathodic IMPs, and anodic metal dissolution reaction, occurring on anodic sites, such as Mg2Si and interphase boundary regions. Electrochemical measurements indicated that the sodium metavanadate inhibitor blocks active metal dissolution, giving high inhibition efficiency (>95%) during the initial exposure, whereas long-term weight loss measurements showed that the efficacy decreases after prolonged exposure.

  • Public defence: 2018-09-07 14:00 Salle D 323, Maison de la Recherche, Paris
    Balkir, Elif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Sorbonne Université.
    Étude comparative des approches créatrices et technologiques au Groupe de Recherches Musicales à Paris et à l’Elektronmusikstudion à Stockholm 1965-1980: Deux directions artistiques différentes à partir d’une idée commune2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The current research is a comparative study investigating the development of creative and technological approaches at GRM (Groupe de Recherches Musicales) and EMS (Elektronmusikstudion) from 1965 to 1980. The thesis examines the main interactions between two pioneers of electroacoustic music in France and in Sweden, namely, Pierre Schaeffer and Knut Wiggen and the evolution of artistic directions within their institutions. The comparative method borrows two main perspectives from linguistics, such as diachronic and synchronic. To this direction, the first part of the thesis evaluates a sort of historical synthesis of musical genres, which lead the artistic directions of those two studios, including their institutional organization, musical creation, technological research as well as Schaeffer’s and Wiggen’s musical concepts. The second part of the thesis focuses on pioneer works analysis in order to explore closely compositional ideas and the problem of acousmatic music analysis. The analysis method is based on Jean Molino’s tripartite theory developed by J.J. Nattiez (poietic/neutral/esthesic level of an art work) and Stéphane Roy, which contributes to analyze the compositional structure, organization and the composer’s style related to technological equipment of the studios. The first step of music analysis reconstructs a sort of transcription within the neutral level analysis by means of Lasse Thoresen’s graphical symbols inspired by Schaeffers’s typo-morphology. The second step seeks to confront the neutral level results with external poietic information in order to explore and to compare some hypothetical significations of analyzed musical pieces. In conclusion, the end goal is to determine a methodology inspired by the tripartite theory for an in-depth understanding of acousmatic music analysis and to establish a historical documentation on French and Swedish electroacoustic music within the development of technology.

  • Björkmalm, Johanna
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Byrne, Eoin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    van Niel, Ed
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Willquist, Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    A non-linear model of hydrogen production by Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus for diauxic-like consumption of lignocellulosic sugar mixtures2018In: Biotechnology for Biofuels, ISSN 1754-6834, E-ISSN 1754-6834, Vol. 11, article id 175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus is an attractive hydrogen producer suitable for growth on various lignocellulosic substrates. The aim of this study was to quantify uptake of pentose and hexose monosaccharides in an industrial substrate and to present a kinetic growth model of C. saccharolyticus that includes sugar uptake on defined and industrial media. The model is based on Monod and Hill kinetics extended with gas-to-liquid mass transfer and a cybernetic approach to describe diauxic-like growth.

    Results

    Mathematical expressions were developed to describe hydrogen production by C. saccharolyticus consuming glucose, xylose, and arabinose. The model parameters were calibrated against batch fermentation data. The experimental data included four different cases: glucose, xylose, sugar mixture, and wheat straw hydrolysate (WSH) fermentations. The fermentations were performed without yeast extract. The substrate uptake rate of C. saccharolyticus on single sugar-defined media was higher on glucose compared to xylose. In contrast, in the defined sugar mixture and WSH, the pentoses were consumed faster than glucose. Subsequently, the cultures entered a lag phase when all pentoses were consumed after which glucose uptake rate increased. This phenomenon suggested a diauxic-like behavior as was deduced from the successive appearance of two peaks in the hydrogen and carbon dioxide productivity. The observation could be described with a modified diauxic model including a second enzyme system with a higher affinity for glucose being expressed when pentose saccharides are consumed. This behavior was more pronounced when WSH was used as substrate.

    Conclusions

    The previously observed co-consumption of glucose and pentoses with a preference for the latter was herein confirmed. However, once all pentoses were consumed, C. saccharolyticus most probably expressed another uptake system to account for the observed increased glucose uptake rate. This phenomenon could be quantitatively captured in a kinetic model of the entire diauxic-like growth process. Moreover, the observation indicates a regulation system that has fundamental research relevance, since pentose and glucose uptake in C. saccharolyticus has only been described with ABC transporters, whereas previously reported diauxic growth phenomena have been correlated mainly to PTS systems for sugar uptake.

  • Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Woube, Annie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Rural Place Marketing and Consumption-Driven Mobilities in Northern Sweden: Challenges and Opportunities for Community Sustainability2017In: Journal of Rural and Community Development, ISSN 1712-8277, E-ISSN 1712-8277, Vol. 12, no 2-3, p. 114-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Similar to other northern peripheries, remote, and sparsely populated areas (SPAs) in Sweden's far north have been confronted with decreasing populations and economic stagnation, forcing local governments to more actively engage in strategies for attracting and retaining populations. This exploratory community case study considers rural place-marketing efforts in the municipalities of angstrom sele and Storuman, with a particular focus on understanding differing local strategies for attracting consumption-driven movers to "amenity-poor" and "amenity-rich" areas. The case study examines two research questions: what target groups do these municipalities envisage as desired new populations; and to what extent, and how, do they engage in rural place-marketing efforts? Our study reveals that the municipal officials' views on rural place-marketing strategies differ considerably, as angstrom sele participates in Europe's largest emigration expo while Storuman draws on its increasing tourism development to attract seasonal residents and returning young adults in the family-building stage of the life course. The findings further illustrate how production and performance aspects of mobility are essential when studying the socio-economic sustainability of everyday life in sparsely populated northern Swedish municipalities at different geographical places and levels.

  • Karlsson, Tommy
    et al.
    Executive, Länsstyrelser, Länsstyrelsen Östergötland.
    Westerberg, Lars
    Executive, Universitet, Linköpings universitet, LiU.
    Biogeografisk uppföljning av kärrtrollsländor och dykarskalbaggar – habitatvalsanalys, stickprovsdesign, inventeringsmetodik och inventering 20162017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The member countries in the European Union are obliged to report the conservation status for species listed in Habitat directive every 6th year. To gather information about population sizes and trends for the species in Sweden, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency funds "Biogeographical monitoring". The County Adminstrative Board of Östergötland has been assigned to coordinate the biogeographical monitoring of dragonflies (Odonata) and diving beetles (Dytiscidae) listed in the Habitat directive in Sweden. This report aims to function as a basis document for a monitoring programme for Leucorrhina albifrons, L. caudalis, L. pectoralis, Dytiscus latissimus and Graphoderus bilineatus. It presents an analysis of the species habitat selection, sample design for a monitor programme, review and evaluation of survey methods, and a survey and method test during 2016.

    The species have large distribution areas in Sweden and there are probably a large amount of unrecorded localities. Thus, they are believed to be more or less common and probably demonstrating stable population trends. In addition, they seem to have quite broad ecological amplitudes and occur in several different habitats. However, the knowledge about the species habitat selection are poor, and an analysis of the species occurrence in relation to water area, surroundings, pH and alcalinity and occurrence of fish was performed (see results in Fig. 2-6). The results confirm that the species may occur in many different types of habitats. However, they seem to be very rare in streaming water.

    We assessed that survey of a number of randomized 1x1 km-squares would be a suitable sample design for monitoring these quite common species. With the economic resources today it will be possible to monitor about 220 1x1 km-squares every 6 year-period. It will probably take a long time to detect trends with this sample design, but the monitoring will nevertheless give us valuable information about the species distribution and how common they are in Sweden.

    During 2016 a first survey of the species was performed. A sample of 46 randomized 1x1km-squares were surveyed. In addition, one 1x1 km-square where L. caudalis and D. latissimus has been caught before were surveyed in order to act as a reference to the randomized squares. The squares were situated in four geographical regions: southwest, "Skåne", middle east 1, "Nordösta Götaland", middle east 2, "Mälardalen" and the northern Baltic coast "Norrlandskusten", see map in Fig. 9. The dragonflies were mainly surveyed by searching for imagos and the diving beetles mainly by bottle traps (Fig. 8). In some squares, exuviae searching and netting in water for dragonfly larvae and diving beetles were also tested.

    In 30% of the squares some of the species were found with L. pectoralis and D. latissimus as the most common species (Tab. 7). The frequency the species were found in at this survey makes it possible to make a first estimation of the total number of squares that the species occur in Sweden (Tab. 10). The coming years survey will improve this estimation. All surveyed squares are shortly described and showed in the maps in annex 4.

    On the basis of the evaluation of survey methods (Tab. 4 & 5) and the method test during this survey we conclude that the most appropriate methods for biogeographical monitoring of the species in Sweden would be imago search for dragonflies and bottle traps (Fig. 8) for diving beetles. Survey should be performed in June after the emergence of the dragonflies. The bottle traps should be emptied and removed after 2-3 days. Dragonflies are sought for in sunny and warm weather, either when the bottle traps are placed out or when they are emptied. If it is not possible to make at least one of the visits in sunny and warm weather, exuviae searching may be an alternative method for the dragonflies.

  • Samuelsson, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Johansson, Eva M.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Strategiskt och operativt arbete med validering av reell kompetens: Ett följeforskningsprojekt vid Högskolan Väst2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a description, among other possible descriptions, of the work done on accreditation and recognition of qualifications at University West. The project was carried out during the autumn and spring terms of 2016 and 2017 respectively. The work on which this report is based was in the form of an on-going evaluation. This study, in turn, was carried out as the result of a government mandate issued by the Swedish Council for Higher Education. It aimed to improve the way work relating to the assessment of practical expertise is done at institutions of higher learning. The aim of the study was formulated as a description that offered an interpretation of the strategic and operational work on accreditation and recognition of qualifications carried out at University West. Two theoretical frames of reference – discourse analysis and chain of command theory – were used to interpret the empirical evidence that was collected. This was done by participating in workshops that were run during the spring of 2017, analysing information that was available via www.hv.se and www.hv.se/en the analysis of notes taken during meetings, and an interview with a focus group. The results show how UW worked with the issue at the strategic and operational levels. The report underscores the possibilities and limitations of the current webpage, which appears to be both time-consuming and opaque. This is worrisome in today's world where more and more people seek information via the Web. Similarly, it is made clear that a limited amount of information reaches all university employees and what the consequences of this lack of transparency can be. Moreover, the results show that work on validation is done in different ways and is not shared with other departments of the university. The report closes with a discussion of the results from three perspectives: that of the individual, of the group, and of the organisation. The possibilities and limitations for working with accreditation and recognition of qualifications are problematized.

  • Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    En bok som utmanar2018In: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Whilborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, p. 155-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med denna bok har vi ur olika perspektiv belyst hur vi kan förstå digitaliseringens samhällsförändring. Vi har rört oss från folkhemmets teknikbyggen för demokrati, öppenhet och innovation, till dagens politik för bredbandsutbyggnad i glesbygd. Det visar på behovet av politisk styrning av tekniken i samhället.

  • Hedström, Karin
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan, Örebro universitet.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Söderström, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identitet arbete privatliv: användning av smarta ID-kort2018In: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Whilborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, p. 112-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjuksköterskan Mikael kliver upp tidigt på morgonen för att åka till jobbet. Han jobbar på en mindre vårdcentral ungefär tre mil hemifrån och måste åka strax före halv sju på morgonen. På väg ut till bilen kommer han plötslig ihåg att han måste ha med sig sitt nya ID-kort. Utan kortet kan han inte jobba…