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  • Bunar, Nihad
    Stockholms universitet.
    Den etnifierade urbana fattigdomen och välfärdsstatens reaktioner2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 57-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In year 1998 the Swedish government adopted an ambitious urban renewal policy (URP). One of its main elements was to combat social exclusion in a number of housing areas in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. Between 2002 and 2004 I have been studying implementation of this policy and its ideas in five neighborhoods in Stockholm. Based on previous research I claim that this form of ethnified urban poverty, in popular discourses named urban segregation, is being generated by the structural unemployment and by the so-called ”ethnic factor” embodied in processes of stigmatization and discrimination. URP has been set up to assist the general welfare policy to challenge and ultimately solve this social problem.

    In this article I focus on three problems inherited in the policy implementation: disparity between theory and practice concerning the basic ideas of URP; the anomaly concerning the time aspect and an extreme unwillingness by the state to follow up the implementation process. One of the main conclusions is that URP has failed in its ”mission” to assist the general welfare policy because, firstly, the local analysis of what generates the social exclusion highlighted only the structural unemployment.The impact of discrimination and stigmatization was omitted. Secondly, URP:s practical implementation was particularistic, non-relational and anomalistic.

  • Nagrelius, Åke
    Stockholms universitet.
    Moskvaprocesserna och det svenska kommunistpartiet2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 43-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Moscow show trials of the 1930s is of great importance in the history of communism. The Swedish Communist Party was supportive of both the trials and the ensuing death penalties. This article describes the reporting and editorial comments written by Swedish newspapers and journals, as well as the Communist Party reaction documented in the archives. Was there any discussion within the party? Were there any critical voices? How did the communists argue when they defended the trials? Finally, what was the political outcome for the Swedish party? The article states that the problem for those outside the party who were critical of the trials and the death penalties was the fact that the persons prosecuted pleaded guilty to the crimes. This was also the main argument used by the Swedish Communist Party in defending the trials. The party strongly condemned the prosecuted and showed no leniency. It was later revealed that Hilding Hagberg, the successor to Sven Linderot as party leader, claimed that they were both against the trials and that Hilding Hagberg even wrote to the central committee ofthe Swedish party and suggested it should try to get the Soviet party to stop the trials. Protocol from the Politburo confirms that Hagberg was indeed critical. Although the party did manage to increase its percentage of votes in the elections during the period, the political ramifications of the trials were increased isolation of the Swedish party due to the fact that the previous positive attitude toward the Soviet Union diminished among leftists outside the party.

  • Arnqvist, Göran
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Novicic, Zorana Kurbalija
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. Univ Belgrade, Inst Biol Res Sinisa Stankovic, Despot Stefan Blvd 142, Belgrade 11000, Serbia..
    Castro, Jose A.
    Univ Illes Balears, Fac Ciencies, Dept Biol, Lab Genet, Edifici Guillem Colom,Campus UIB, Palma de Mallorca 07122, Balears, Spain..
    Sayadi, Ahmed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Negative frequency dependent selection on sympatric mtDNA haplotypes in Drosophila subobscura2016In: Hereditas, ISSN 0018-0661, E-ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 153, 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent experimental evidence for selection on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has prompted the question as to what processes act to maintain within-population variation in mtDNA. Balancing selection though negative frequency dependent selection (NFDS) among sympatric haplotypes is a possibility, but direct empirical evidence for this is very scarce. Findings: We extend the previous findings of a multi-generation replicated cage experiment in Drosophila subobscura, where mtDNA polymorphism was maintained in a laboratory setting. First, we use a set of Monte Carlo simulations to show that the haplotype frequency dynamics observed are inconsistent with genetic drift alone and most closely match those expected under NFDS. Second, we show that haplotype frequency changes over time were significantly different from those expected under either genetic drift or positive selection but were consistent with those expected under NFSD. Conclusions: Collectively, our analyses provide novel support for NFDS on mtDNA haplotypes, suggesting that mtDNA polymorphism may at least in part be maintained by balancing selection also in natural populations. We very briefly discuss the possible mechanisms that might be involved.

  • Andersson, Mikael S.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Pappas, Spyridon D.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Stopfel, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Östman, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Stein, A.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Ctr Funct Nanomat, POB 5000, Upton, NY 11973 USA..
    Nordblad, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Mathieu, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Hjörvarsson, Björgvin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Kapaklis, Vassilios
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Thermally induced magnetic relaxation in square artificial spin ice2016In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, 37097Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The properties of natural and artificial assemblies of interacting elements, ranging from Quarks to Galaxies, are at the heart of Physics. The collective response and dynamics of such assemblies are dictated by the intrinsic dynamical properties of the building blocks, the nature of their interactions and topological constraints. Here we report on the relaxation dynamics of the magnetization of artificial assemblies of mesoscopic spins. In our model nano-magnetic system - square artificial spin ice - we are able to control the geometrical arrangement and interaction strength between the magnetically interacting building blocks by means of nano-lithography. Using time resolved magnetometry we show that the relaxation process can be described using the Kohlrausch law and that the extracted temperature dependent relaxation times of the assemblies follow the Vogel-Fulcher law. The results provide insight into the relaxation dynamics of mesoscopic nano-magnetic model systems, with adjustable energy and time scales, and demonstrates that these can serve as an ideal playground for the studies of collective dynamics and relaxations.

  • Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Adetula, Victor
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ethiopia in the United Nations Security Council 2017-20182017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enforce the ‘African solutions to African problems’ principle in the UN and promote cooperation with the African Union and its regional communities. That is what Ethiopia should work for during its two-year term in the Security Council. To perform on this global stage, the Ethiopian government has to address its domestic democracy and governance issues.

  • Rusz, Ján
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Muto, Shunsuke
    Nagoya Univ, Inst Mat & Syst Sustainabil, Adv Measurement Technol Ctr, Chikusa Ku, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan..
    Spiegelberg, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Adam, Roman
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Peter Grunberg Inst, Elect Properties PGI 6, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Tatsumi, Kazuyoshi
    Nagoya Univ, Inst Mat & Syst Sustainabil, Adv Measurement Technol Ctr, Chikusa Ku, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan..
    Buergler, Daniel E.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Peter Grunberg Inst, Elect Properties PGI 6, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Oppeneer, Peter M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. ..
    Schneider, Claus M.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Peter Grunberg Inst, Elect Properties PGI 6, D-52425 Julich, Germany..
    Magnetic measurements with atomic-plane resolution2016In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 7, 12672Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid development of magnetic nanotechnologies calls for experimental techniques capable of providing magnetic information with subnanometre spatial resolution. Available probes of magnetism either detect only surface properties, such as spin-polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy, magnetic force microscopy or spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy, or they are bulk probes with limited spatial resolution or quantitativeness, such as X-ray magnetic circular dichroism or classical electron magnetic circular dichroism (EMCD). Atomic resolution EMCD methods have been proposed, although not yet experimentally realized. Here, we demonstrate an EMCD technique with an atomic size electron probe utilizing a probe-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope in its standard operation mode. The crucial element of the method is a ramp in the phase of the electron beam wavefunction, introduced by a controlled beam displacement. We detect EMCD signals with atomic-plane resolution, thereby bringing near-atomic resolution magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy to hundreds of laboratories worldwide.

  • Azevedo, Thales
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Jusinskas, Renann Lipinski
    AS CR, Inst Phys, Na Slovance 2, Prague 18221, Czech Republic..
    Background constraints in the infinite tension limit of the heterotic string2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, 133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we investigate the classical constraints imposed on the supergravity and super Yang-Mills backgrounds in the alpha' -> 0 limit of the heterotic string using the pure spinor formalism. Guided by the recently observed sectorization of the model, we show that all the ten-dimensional constraints are elegantly obtained from the single condition of nilpotency of the BRST charge.

  • Ericson, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.;Falun Cent Hosp, Dept Pediat, Falun, Sweden..
    Flacking, Renee
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Hellström-Westas, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Univ Orebro, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med & Hlth, Orebro, Sweden..
    Changes in the prevalence of breast feeding in preterm infants discharged from neonatal units: a register study over 10 years2016In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 12, e012900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: There are indications that the prevalence of exclusively breastfed preterm infants is decreasing in Sweden. The objective was to investigate trends in exclusive breast feeding at discharge from Swedish neonatal units and associated factors in preterm infants. Design, setting and participants: This is a register study with data from the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register. Data from 29 445 preterm infants (gestational age (GA) < 37 weeks) who were born during the period 2004-2013 were retrieved. Data included maternal, perinatal and neonatal characteristics. Data were analysed for the whole population as well as for 3 GA groups. Results: From 2004 to 2013, the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding decreased, in extremely preterm (GA 22-27 weeks) from 55% to 16%, in very preterm (GA 28-31 weeks) from 41% to 34% and in moderately preterm infants (GA 32-36 weeks) from 64% to 49%. The decline was statistically significant (p<0.001) in all 3 GA groups. This decline remained significant when adjustments were made for factors negatively associated with exclusive breast feeding and which became more prevalent during the study period, that is, small for GA (all groups) and maternal mental illness (very preterm and moderately preterm infants). Conclusions: In the past 10 years, Sweden has experienced a lower rate of exclusive breast feeding in preterm infants, especially in extremely preterm infants. The factors analysed in this study explain only a small proportion of this decline. The decline in exclusive breast feeding at discharge from neonatal units raises concern and present challenges to the units to support and promote breast feeding.

  • Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Sci, Falun, Sweden..
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Sci, Falun, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fredriksson, Mio
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Vengberg, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Halford, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Dahlström, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Factors facilitating a national quality registry to aid clinical quality improvement: findings of a national survey2016In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 11, e011562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: While national quality registries (NQRs) are suggested to provide opportunities for systematic follow-up and learning opportunities, and thus clinical improvements, features in registries and contexts triggering such processes are not fully known. This study focuses on one of the world's largest stroke registries, the Swedish NQR Riksstroke, investigating what aspects of the registry and healthcare organisations facilitate or hinder the use of registry data in clinical quality improvement. Methods: Following particular qualitative studies, we performed a quantitative survey in an exploratory sequential design. The survey, including 50 items on context, processes and the registry, was sent to managers, physicians and nurses engaged in Riksstroke in all 72 Swedish stroke units. Altogether, 242 individuals were presented with the survey; 163 responded, representing all but two units. Data were analysed descriptively and through multiple linear regression. Results: A majority (88%) considered Riksstroke data to facilitate detection of stroke care improvement needs and acknowledged that their data motivated quality improvements (78%). The use of Riksstroke for quality improvement initiatives was associated (R-2=0.76) with 'Colleagues' call for local results' (p=<0.001), 'Management Request of Registry data' (p=<0.001), and it was said to be 'Simple to explain the results to colleagues' (p=0.02). Using stepwise regression, 'Colleagues' call for local results' was identified as the most influential factor. Yet, while 73% reported that managers request registry data, only 39% reported that their colleagues call for the unit's Riksstroke results. Conclusions: While an NQR like Riksstroke demonstrates improvement needs and motivates stakeholders to make progress, local stroke care staff and managers need to engage to keep the momentum going in terms of applying registry data when planning, performing and evaluating quality initiatives.

  • Grooten, Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Phys Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Funct Area Occupat Therapy & Physiotherapy, Allied Hlth Profess Funct, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Müller, Mira
    Forsman, Mikael
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, CAMM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kjellberg, Katarina
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, CAMM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Toomingas, Allan
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, CAMM, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ång, Björn Olov
    Karolinska Inst, Div Phys Therapy, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Funct Area Occupat Therapy & Physiotherapy, Allied Hlth Profess Funct, Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Svartengren, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Health risk appraisals in Swedish occupational health services2016In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 55, no 4, 849-859 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Health risk appraisals (HRAs) in occupational health services (OHS) in Sweden are very commonly used for health promotion issues, but not much research has explored the extent and nature of individual feedback that is provided. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and explore HRAs in OHS regarding the content of the feedback in relation to the individual status and overall employee satisfaction. METHODS: Feedback (evaluation and advice) and employee satisfaction with HRA were studied in employees that participated in health risk appraisals with a specific feedback session (HRA-F) (n = 272) and employees that participated in a single session (HRA-S) (n = 104). Associations between feedback and individual status concerning life style were assessed with Cohen's kappa (k). RESULTS: The employees received mainly information and advice for improvement on health and lifestyle issues (89-100%), while advice for improvement of working conditions was less common (15-59%). The feedback provided on life style was not based on individual status (k < 0.4), except for smoking and risky alcohol consumption (k > 0.55). A great majority of employees reported good overall satisfaction with their HRAs. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation and feedback given to employees after HRAs should be based more on HRA-results and advice could be focused more on work-related factors.

  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Individuellt eller kollektivt ägande i bondesamhällen?1995In: Äganderätten i lantbrukets historia / [ed] Mats Widgren, Nordiska museets förlag, 1995, 5-16 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    bin Laden och bevattningstunnlarna – två perspektiv på hållbar samhällsutveckling.2003In: Kultur, säkerhet och hållbar samhällsutveckling efter 11 september / [ed] Fredrik Lundmark, Stockholm: Gidlunds förlag, 2003, 193-205 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Public defence: 2017-03-10 13:00 Kollegiesalen, Stockholm
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Product and Service Design.
    TILLBLIVELSER: En trasslig berättelse om design som normkritisk praktik2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing awareness of norm-critical perspectives (in society, academia and industry) brings with it the need to develop methods to ensure they can be implemented in practice. This thesis discusses how the role of design contributes to and maintains norms, and shows how design as a norm critical practice has great potential to bridge the gap between theory and practice in norm-critical work. This potential lies in using design as a peda-gogic tool that can concretize and make understandable what would otherwise be perceived as complex, unclear or remote. The thesis pays special attention to the role of artefacts in the creation of the stories of the world. The discursive design thing is introduced as a tool to visualize norms and to create discussion. The three-dimensional, physical thing exposes us to a more diverse experience of norms than when we just address them in words or pictures.The empirical work in this thesis stems from five research projects that differ from each other and were carried out under varied conditions. The projects have tackled a range of problems and power relationships. However, together they draw a complex picture of how norms arise, overlap and constantly change over time, place and space – and how design can be used to support or disrupt this process.By revisiting the projects, it becomes clear how the researcher’s position and actions (or non-actions) shape the norm development process. This results in an insight that meaning can not be construc-ted from an outside perspective, but is a constant ”becoming” that occurs in an entanglement of relationships arising between different bodies, both human and non-human. As a norm critical perspective implies paying attention to power relationships, it also assumes a power critical approach to the production of meaning extracted from the norm-critical work, and that we – as researchers and designers – take responsibility for our prevail by highlighting our own bodies and gaze.The thesis therefore proposes the concept of diffraction as an approach to the production of meaning in norm critical design practices. A diffractive approach enables an understanding of how the production of meaning occurs in various coincidences, but also how our own interventions shape the story. It opens up to the realization that parallel narratives are possible and thus becomes a tool to break away from the linear understanding framework and offer an exploration of alternative thought patterns. A diffractive approach to the production of meaning is thus also a tool to pro-mote increased creativity.

  • Zhou, Bin
    et al.
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Bentham, James
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Di Cesare, Mariachiara
    Middlesex Univ, London N17 8HR, England..
    Bixby, Honor
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Danaei, Goodarz
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Cowan, Melanie J.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Paciorek, Christopher J.
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Singh, Gitanjali
    Tufts Univ, Medford, MA USA..
    Hajifathalian, Kaveh
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Bennett, James E.
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Taddei, Cristina
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Bilano, Ver
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Djalalinia, Shirin
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.;Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Khatibzadeh, Shahab
    Brandeis Univ, Waltham, MA 02254 USA..
    Lugero, Charles
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda..
    Peykari, Niloofar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.;Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Zhang, Wan Zhu
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda..
    Lu, Yuan
    Yale Univ, New Haven, CT 06520 USA..
    Stevens, Gretchen A.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Riley, Leanne M.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Bovet, Pascal
    Univ Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.;Minist Hlth, Mt Fleuri, Seychelles.;Minist Hlth, Mt Fleuri, Seychelles..
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Gu, Dongfeng
    Natl Ctr Cardiovasc Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China.;Natl Ctr Cardiovasc Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Natl Inst Hlth & Nutr, Tokyo, Japan..
    Jackson, Rod T.
    Univ Auckland, Auckland 1, New Zealand..
    Joffres, Michel
    Simon Fraser Univ, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
    Kengne, Andre Pascal
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Laatikainen, Tiina
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Lam, Tai Hing
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Liu, Jing
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing An Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Miranda, J. Jaime
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Mondo, Charles K.
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda..
    Neuhauser, Hannelore K.
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Smeeth, Liam
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, London, England..
    Soric, Maroje
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Woodward, Mark
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    Ezzati, Majid
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Abarca-Gomez, Leandra
    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social, San Jose, Costa Rica..
    Abdeen, Ziad A.
    Al Quds Univ, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Rahim, Hanan Abdul
    Qatar Univ, Doha, Qatar..
    Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Israel..
    Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Adams, Robert
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Aekplakorn, Wichai
    Mahidol Univ, Salaya, Thailand..
    Afsana, Kaosar
    BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.
    Inst Nacl Ciencias Med & Nutr Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Agyemang, Charles
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Ahmadvand, Alireza
    Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Ahrens, Wolfgang
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epi, Bremen, Germany..
    Al Raddadi, Rajaa
    Minist Hlth, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Al Woyatan, Rihab
    Minist Hlth, Kuwait, Kuwait..
    Ali, Mohamed M.
    WHO, Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt..
    Alkerwi, Ala'a
    Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg..
    Aly, Eman
    WHO, Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt..
    Amouyel, Philippe
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France..
    Amuzu, Antoinette
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, London, England..
    Andersen, Lars Bo
    Sogn & Fjordane Univ Coll, Forde, Norway..
    Anderssen, Sigmund A.
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Angquist, Lars
    Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Frederiksberg Univ Hosp, Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Anjana, Ranjit Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Ansong, Daniel
    Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosp, Kumasi, Ghana..
    Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Araujo, Joana
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Ariansen, Inger
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway..
    Aris, Tahir
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia..
    Arlappa, Nimmathota
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Aryal, Krishna
    Nepal Hlth Res Council, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Arveiler, Dominique
    Strasbourg Univ & Hosp, Strasbourg, France..
    Assah, Felix K.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Assuncao, Maria Cecilia F.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Avdicova, Maria
    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia..
    Azevedo, Ana
    Univ Porto, Sch Med, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Babu, Bontha V.
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India..
    Bahijri, Suhad
    King Abdulaziz Univ, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..
    Balakrishna, Nagalla
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Bandosz, Piotr
    Med Univ Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland..
    Banegas, Jose R.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Barbagallo, Carlo M.
    Univ Palermo, I-90133 Palermo, Italy..
    Barcelo, Alberto
    Pan Amer Hlth Org, Washington, DC USA..
    Barkat, Amina
    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco..
    Barros, Aluisio J. D.
    Barros, Mauro V.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Bata, Iqbal
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS B3H 3J5, Canada..
    Batieha, Anwar M.
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan..
    Baur, Louise A.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    Beaglehole, Robert
    Univ Auckland, Auckland 1, New Zealand..
    Ben Romdhane, Habiba
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Benet, Mikhail
    Univ Med Sci, Havana, Cuba..
    Benson, Lowell S.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Bernotiene, Gailute
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Bettiol, Heloisa
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor
    BJ Med Coll, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India..
    Bharadwaj, Sumit
    Chirayu Med Coll, Bhopal, India..
    Bhargava, Santosh K.
    SL Jain Hosp, Delhi, India..
    Bi, Yufang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China..
    Bikbov, Mukharram
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia..
    Bjerregaard, Peter
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.;Univ Greenland, Nuuk, Greenland..
    Bjertness, Espen
    Univ Oslo, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Bjokelund, Cecilia
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Blokstra, Anneke
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Bo, Simona
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Bobak, Martin
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Boeing, Heiner
    German Inst Human Nutr, Nuthetal, Germany..
    Boggia, Jose G.
    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay..
    Boissonnet, Carlos P.
    CEMIC, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Bongard, Vanina
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France..
    Braeckman, Lutgart
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Brajkovich, Imperia
    Cent Univ Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela..
    Branca, Francesco
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Breckenkamp, Juergen
    Univ Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany..
    Brenner, Hermann
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Brewster, Lizzy M.
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Bruno, Graziella
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. (as)
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Bugge, Anna
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Burns, Con
    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland..
    Bursztyn, Michael
    Hadassah Hebrew Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel..
    de Leon, Antonio Cabrera
    Univ La Laguna, E-38207 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain..
    Cameron, Christine
    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Can, Gunay
    Istanbul Univ, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Candido, Ana Paula C.
    Univ Fed Juiz de Fora, Juiz De Fora, Brazil..
    Capuano, Vincenzo
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy..
    Cardoso, Viviane C.
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Carlsson, Axel C.
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Carvalho, Maria J.
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Casanueva, Felipe F.
    Santiago de Compostela Univ, Santiago De Compostela, Spain..
    Casas, Juan-Pablo
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Caserta, Carmelo A.
    Assoc Calabrese Epatol, Reggio Di Calabria, Italy..
    Chamukuttan, Snehalatha
    India Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Chan, Angelique W.
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Chan, Queenie
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.
    Natl Inst Med Stat, Delhi, India..
    Chaturvedi, Nishi
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Chen, Chien-Jen
    Acad Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Chen, Fangfang
    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Huashuai
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC 27706 USA..
    Chen, Shuohua
    Kailuan Gen Hosp, Tangshan, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Zhengming
    Univ Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Cheng, Ching-Yu
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Dekkaki, Imane Cherkaoui
    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco..
    Chetrit, Angela
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Hashomer, Israel..
    Chiolero, Arnaud
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Chiou, Shu-Ti
    Minist Hlth & Welf, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Chirita-Emandi, Adela
    Victor Babes Univ Med & Pharm Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania..
    Cho, Belong
    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Seoul 151, South Korea..
    Cho, Yumi
    Korea Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea..
    Chudek, Jerzy
    Med Univ Silesia, Silesia, Poland..
    Cifkova, Renata
    Charles Univ Prague, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Claessens, Frank
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Clays, Els
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Concin, Hans
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Bregenz, Austria..
    Cooper, Cyrus
    Univ Southampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England..
    Cooper, Rachel
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Coppinger, Tara C.
    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland..
    Costanzo, Simona
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Cottel, Dominique
    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France..
    Cowell, Chris
    Westmead Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Craig, Cora L.
    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Crujeiras, Ana B.
    CIBEROBN, Madrid, Spain..
    Cruz, Juan J.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    D'Arrigo, Graziella
    CNR, Rome, Italy..
    d'Orsi, Eleonora
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Dallongeville, Jean
    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France..
    Damasceno, Albertino
    Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Maputo, Mozambique..
    Dankner, Rachel
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Hashomer, Israel..
    Dantoft, Thomas M.
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Dauchet, Luc
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.;Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    De Backer, Guy
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    de Gaetano, Giovanni
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    De Smedt, Delphine
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Deepa, Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Dehghan, Abbas
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.;Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.;Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium.;Amrita Inst Med Sci, Ernakulam, Kerala, India.;Univ Ctr Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Lara, Venezuela.;St Vincents Hosp, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia..
    Delisle, Helene
    Univ Montreal, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada..
    Deschamps, Valerie
    French Publ Hlth Agcy, St Maurice, France..
    Dhana, Klodian
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares
    Univ Vale Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, Brazil..
    Diaz, Alejandro
    Natl Council Sci & Tech Res, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Dickerson, Ty T.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA..
    Do, Ha T. P.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Dobson, Annette J.
    Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia..
    Donfrancesco, Chiara
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Donoso, Silvana P.
    Univ Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador..
    Doering, Angela
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Doua, Kouamelan
    Minist Sante & Lutte Sida, Abidjan Plateau, Cote Ivoire..
    Drygas, Wojciech
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Dulskiene, Virginija
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Dzakula, Aleksandar
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Dzerve, Vilnis
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia..
    Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbieta
    Med Univ Lodz, Lodz, Poland..
    Eggertsen, Robert
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Ekelund, Ulf
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    El Ati, Jalila
    Natl Inst Nutr & Food Technol, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Ellert, Ute
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Elosua, Roberto
    Inst Hosp Invest Med, Barcelona, Spain..
    Erasmus, Rajiv T.
    Univ Stellenbosch, ZA-7600 Stellenbosch, South Africa..
    Erem, Cihangir
    Karadeniz Tech Univ, Trabzon, Turkey..
    Eriksen, Louise
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Escobedo-de la Pena, Jorge
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Evans, Alun
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Faeh, David
    Univ Zurich, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Fall, Caroline H.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England..
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.
    Ctr Salud Villanueva Norte, Villanueva De La Serena, Spain..
    Ferguson, Trevor S.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Fernandez-Berges, Daniel
    Hosp Don Benito Villanueva Serena, Badajoz, Spain..
    Ferrante, Daniel
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Ferrari, Marika
    Council Agr Res & Econ, Arezzo, Italy..
    Ferreccio, Catterina
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Ferrieres, Jean
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France..
    Finn, Joseph D.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Fischer, Krista
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Foeger, Bernhard
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Bregenz, Austria..
    Foo, Leng Huat
    Univ Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia..
    Forslund, Ann-Sofie
    Umea Univ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna Univ, Falun, Sweden..
    Fortmann, Stephen P.
    Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Fouad, Heba M.
    WHO, Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt..
    Francis, Damian K.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Franco, Maria do Carmo
    Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Frontera, Guillermo
    Hosp Univ Son Espases, Palma De Mallorca, Spain..
    Fuchs, Flavio D.
    Hosp Clin Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Fuchs, Sandra C.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, BR-90046900 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Fujita, Yuki
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan..
    Furusawa, Takuro
    Kyoto Univ, Kyoto 6068501, Japan..
    Gaciong, Zbigniew
    Med Univ Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland..
    Gareta, Dickman
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa..
    Garnett, Sarah P.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    Gaspoz, Jean-Michel
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Gasull, Magda
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Gates, Louise
    Australian Bur Stat, Belconnen, ACT, Australia..
    Gavrila, Diana
    Murcia Reg Hlth Council, Murcia, Spain..
    Geleijnse, Johanna M.
    Wageningen Univ, NL-6700 AP Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Ghasemian, Anoosheh
    Wageningen Univ, NL-6700 AP Wageningen, Netherlands.;Endocrinol & Metab Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghimire, Anup
    BP Koirala Inst Hlth Sci, Dharan, Nepal..
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Gianfagna, Francesco
    Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy..
    Giovannelli, Jonathan
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France..
    Goldsmith, Rebecca A.
    Minist Hlth, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Goncalves, Helen
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Gonzalez Gross, Marcela
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Gonzalez Rivas, Juan P.
    Andes Clin Cardiometab Studies, Timotes, Venezuela..
    Gottrand, Frederic
    Univ Lille 2, F-59800 Lille, France..
    Graff-Iversen, Sidsel
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway..
    Grafnetter, Dusan
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Grajda, Aneta
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Gregor, Ronald D.
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS B3H 3J5, Canada..
    Grodzicki, Tomasz
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Grontved, Anders
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Gruden, Grabriella
    Univ Turin, I-10124 Turin, Italy..
    Grujic, Vera
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
    Guan, Ong Peng
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Univ Iceland, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Guerrero, Ramiro
    Univ Icesi, Cali, Colombia..
    Guessous, Idris
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Guimaraes, Andre L.
    Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil..
    Gulliford, Martin C.
    Kings Coll London, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Gunter, Marc
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Gupta, Prakash C.
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India..
    Gureje, Oye
    Univ Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Gurzkowska, Beata
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Gutierrez, Laura
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Gutzwiller, Felix
    Univ Zurich, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland..
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Halkjaer, Jytte
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Hambleton, Ian R.
    Univ West Indies, Wanstead, Barbados..
    Hardy, Rebecca
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Harikumar, Rachakulla
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Hata, Jun
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka 812, Japan..
    Hayes, Alison J.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia..
    He, Jiang
    Tulane Univ, New Orleans, LA 70118 USA..
    Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Henriques, Ana
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Hernandez Cadena, Leticia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Herqutanto,
    Herrala, Sauli
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland..
    Heshmat, Ramin
    Chron Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Ho, Sai Yin
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Ho, Suzanne C.
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, ```, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Hobbs, Michael
    Univ Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia..
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Dinc, Gonul Horasan
    Celal Bayar Univ, Manisa, Turkey..
    Hormiga, Claudia M.
    Fdn Oftalmol Santander, Floridablanca, Santander, Spain..
    Horta, Bernardo L.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Houti, Leila
    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria..
    Howitt, Christina
    Univ West Indies, Wanstead, Barbados..
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Univ Publ Hlth, Yangon, Myanmar..
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Minist Hlth, Naypyitaw, Myanmar..
    Hu, Yonghua
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Maria Huerta, Jose
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Husseini, Abdullatif S.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Israel..
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France..
    Hwalla, Nahla
    Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Iacoviello, Licia
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Iannone, Anna G.
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy..
    Ibrahim, M. Mohsen
    Cairo Univ, Giza, Egypt..
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Irazola, Vilma E.
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Islam, Muhammad
    Aga Khan Univ, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Ivkovic, Vanja
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Iwasaki, Masanori
    Niigata Univ, Niigata, Japan..
    Jacobs, Jeremy M.
    Hadassah Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Jafar, Tazeen
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Jamrozik, Konrad
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Janszky, Imre
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Jasienska, Grazyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Jelakovic, Bojan
    Univ Zagreb, Sch Med, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Jiang, Chao Qiang
    Guangzhou 12th Hosp, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Mattias
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France..
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Joshi, Pradeep
    WHO, Country Off, New Delhi, India..
    Juolevi, Anne
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Jurak, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana 61000, Slovenia..
    Juresa, Vesna
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Kafatos, Anthony
    Univ Crete, Iraklion, Greece..
    Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Hashomer, Israel..
    Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi
    Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia..
    Kasaeian, Amir
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Katz, Joanne
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Kauhanen, Jussi
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Kaur, Prabhdeep
    Natl Inst Epidemiol, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Kazakbaeva, Gyulli
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia..
    Keil, Ulrich
    Univ Munster, Munster, Germany..
    Boker, Lital Keinan
    Israel Ctr Dis Control, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland..
    Kelishadi, Roya
    Res Inst Primordial Prevent Noncommunicable Dis, Esfahan, Iran..
    Kemper, Han C. G.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Kersting, Mathilde
    Res Inst Child Nutr, Dortmund, Germany..
    Key, Timothy
    Univ Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan..
    Khalili, Davood
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151, South Korea..
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Killewo, Japhet
    Muhimbili Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Kim, Jeongseon
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang Si, South Korea..
    Klumbiene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Kolle, Elin
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Kolsteren, Patrick
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium..
    Korrovits, Paul
    Tartu Univ Clin, Tartu, Estonia..
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kouda, Katsuyasu
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan..
    Koziel, Slawomir
    Polish Acad Sci, Anthropol Unit, Warsaw, Poland..
    Kristensen, Peter Lund
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Kromhout, Daan
    Univ Groningen, NL-9700 AB Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kruger, Herculina S.
    North West Univ, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Kubinova, Ruzena
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Kuciene, Renata
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Kuh, Diana
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Kujala, Urho M.
    Univ Jyvaskyla, SF-40351 Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Kula, Krzysztof
    Med Univ Lodz, Lodz, Poland..
    Kulaga, Zbigniew
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Kumar, R. Krishna
    Amrita Inst Med Sci, Ernakulam, Kerala, India..
    Kurjata, Pawel
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.
    All India Inst Med Sci, New Delhi, India..
    Kuulasmaa, Kari
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kyobutungi, Catherine
    African Populat & Hlth Res Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Lachat, Carl
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Landrove, Orlando
    Minist Salud Publ, Havana, Cuba..
    Lanska, Vera
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Lappas, Georg
    Sahlgrens Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Larijani, Bagher
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Laugsand, Lars E.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen
    Le, Tuyen D.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Leclercq, Catherine
    Food & Agr Org, Rome, Italy..
    Lee, Jeannette
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Lee, Jeonghee
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang Si, South Korea..
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Tampere, Finland..
    Lekhraj, Rampal
    Univ Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia..
    Leon-Munoz, Luz M.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Levitt, Naomi S.
    Univ Cape Town, ZA-7700 Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Li, Yanping
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Lilly, Christa L.
    W Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA..
    Lim, Wei-Yen
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rene Rachou Res Inst, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.;Univ Philippines, Quezon City 1101, Philippines..
    Lin, Hsien-Ho
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Lin, Xu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Linneberg, Allan
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Lissner, Lauren
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Litwin, Mieczyslaw
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Lorbeer, Roberto
    Univ Med Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany..
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Eugenio Lozano, Jose
    Consejeria Sanidad Junta de Castilla & Leon, Valladolid, Spain..
    Luksiene, Dalia
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Lundqvist, Annamari
    Lunet, Nuno
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Ma, Guansheng
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Jun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Machado-Coelho, George L. L.
    Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil..
    Machi, Suka
    Jikei Univ, Sch Med, Tokyo, Japan..
    Maggi, Stefania
    CNR, Rome, Italy..
    Magliano, Dianna J.
    Baker IDI Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Majer, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Makdisse, Marcia
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Malhotra, Rahul
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Malyutina, Sofia
    Inst Internal & Prevent Med, Novosibirsk, Russia..
    Manios, Yannis
    Harokopio Univ, Kallithea, Greece..
    Mann, Jim I.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    Manzato, Enzo
    Univ Padua, I-35100 Padua, Italy..
    Margozzini, Paula
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Marques-Vidal, Pedro
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Marrugat, Jaume
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.;Inst Hosp Invest Med, Barcelona, Spain..
    Martorell, Reynaldo
    Emory Univ, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway..
    Matijasevich, Alicia
    Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Matsha, Tandi E.
    Cape Peninsula Univ Technol, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Mbanya, Jean Claude N.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Posso, Anselmo J. Mc Donald
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    McFarlane, Shelly R.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    McGarvey, Stephen T.
    Brown Univ, Providence, RI 02912 USA..
    McLachlan, Stela
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    McLean, Rachael M.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    McNulty, Breige A.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Khir, Amir Sharifuddin Md
    Penang Med Coll, George Town, Malaysia..
    Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia
    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria..
    Medzioniene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Meirhaeghe, Aline
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Meisinger, Christa
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Menezes, Ana Maria B.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Menon, Geetha R.
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India..
    Meshram, Indrapal I.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India..
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Mi, Jie
    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Mikkel, Kairit
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Miller, Jody C.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    Francisco Miquel, Juan
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Jaime Miranda, J.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru..
    Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Mohamed, Mostafa K.
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt..
    Mohammad, Kazem
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Mohammadifard, Noushin
    Hypertens Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Mohan, Viswanathan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.;Inst Med Res, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.;Minist Hlth, Putrajaya, Malaysia..
    Moller, Niels C.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Molnar, Denes
    Univ Pecs, Pecs, Hungary..
    Momenan, Amirabbas
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K.
    Univ Limpopo, Polokwane, South Korea..
    Moreira, Leila B.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, BR-90046900 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Morejon, Alain
    Moreno, Luis A.
    Univ Zaragoza, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain..
    Morgan, Karen
    RCSI Dublin, Dublin, Ireland..
    Moschonis, George
    Harokopio Univ, Kallithea, Greece..
    Mossakowska, Malgorzata
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Mostafa, Aya
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt..
    Mota, Jorge
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Motta, Jorge
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Muiesan, Maria L.
    Univ Brescia, I-25121 Brescia, Italy..
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Murphy, Neil
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Mursu, Jaakko
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Musil, Vera
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Nagel, Gabriele
    Univ Ulm, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Naidu, Balkish M.
    Inst Publ Hlth, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Nakamura, Harunobu
    Kobe Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan..
    Namsna, Jana
    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia..
    Nang, Ei Ei K.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Nangia, Vinay B.
    Suraj Eye Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Narake, Sameer
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India..
    Maria Navarrete-Munoz, Eva
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Ndiaye, Ndeye Coumba
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Neal, William A.
    W Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA..
    Nenko, Ilona
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Nervi, Flavio
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Nguyen, Nguyen D.
    Univ Pharm & Med Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Quang Ngoc
    Nieto-Martinez, Ramfis E.
    Univ Ctr Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Lara, Venezuela..
    Niiranen, Teemu J.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Ning, Guang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China..
    Ninomiya, Toshiharu
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka 812, Japan..
    Nishtar, Sania
    Heartfile, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Noale, Marianna
    CNR, Rome, Italy..
    Noboa, Oscar A.
    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay..
    Noorbala, Ahmad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Norat, Teresa
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Noto, Davide
    Univ Palermo, I-90133 Palermo, Italy..
    Al Nsour, Mohannad
    Eastern Mediterranean Publ Hlth Network, Amman, Jordan..
    O'Reilly, Dermot
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Oh, Kyungwon
    Korea Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea..
    Olinto, Maria Teresa A.
    Univ Vale Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, Brazil..
    Oliveira, Isabel O.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Omar, Mohd Azahadi
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia..
    Onat, Altan
    Istanbul Univ, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Ordunez, Pedro
    Pan Amer Hlth Org, Washington, DC USA..
    Osmond, Clive
    Ostojic, Sergej M.
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
    Otero, Johanna A.
    Fdn Oftalmol Santander, Floridablanca, Santander, Spain..
    Overvad, Kim
    Aarhus Univ, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark..
    Owusu-Dabo, Ellis
    Kwame Nkrumah Univ Sci & Technol, Kumasi, Ghana..
    Paccaud, Fred Michel
    Inst Social & Prevent Med, Bern, Switzerland..
    Padez, Cristina
    Univ Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra, Portugal..
    Pahomova, Elena
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia..
    Pajak, Andrzej
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Palli, Domenico
    Canc Prevent & Res Inst, Genoa, Italy..
    Palmieri, Luigi
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy..
    Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Panza, Francesco
    Univ Bari, I-70121 Bari, Italy..
    Papandreou, Dimitrios
    Zayed Univ, Dubai, U Arab Emirates..
    Parnell, Winsome R.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand..
    Parsaeian, Mahboubeh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Pecin, Ivan
    Univ Zagreb, Sch Med, Zagreb 41000, Croatia..
    Pednekar, Mangesh S.
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India..
    Peer, Nasheeta
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Peeters, Petra H.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Peixoto, Sergio Viana
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rene Rachou Res Inst, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil..
    Pelletier, Catherine
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Peltonen, Markku
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Pereira, Alexandre C.
    Inst Heart, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Marina Perez, Rosa
    Natl Inst Hyg Epidemiol & Microbiol, Havana, Cuba..
    Peters, Annette
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Petkeviciene, Janina
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Pham, Son Thai
    Pigeot, Iris
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epi, Bremen, Germany..
    Pikhart, Hynek
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Pilav, Aida
    Fed Minist Hlth, Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herceg..
    Pilotto, Lorenza
    Cardiovasc Prevent Ctr Udine, Udine, Italy..
    Pitakaka, Freda
    Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia..
    Plans-Rubio, Pedro
    Publ Hlth Agcy Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain..
    Polakowska, Maria
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Polasek, Ozren
    Univ Split, Split, Croatia..
    Porta, Miquel
    Inst Hosp Invest Med, Barcelona, Spain..
    Portegies, Marileen L. P.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Pourshams, Akram
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Pradeepa, Rajendra
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Prashant, Mathur
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India..
    Price, Jacqueline F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Puiu, Maria
    Victor Babes Univ Med & Pharm Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania..
    Punab, Margus
    Tartu Univ Clin, Tartu, Estonia..
    Qasrawi, Radwan F.
    Al Quds Univ, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Qorbani, Mostafa
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Karaj, Iran..
    Radic, Ivana
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia..
    Radisauskas, Ricardas
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Rahman, Mahfuzar
    BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Raitakari, Olli
    Turku Univ Hosp, Turku, Finland..
    Raj, Manu
    Amrita Inst Med Sci, Ernakulam, Kerala, India..
    Rao, Sudha Ramachandra
    Natl Inst Epidemiol, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Ramos, Elisabete
    Univ Porto, Sch Med, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Rampal, Sanjay
    Univ Malaya, Julius Ctr, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Rangel Reina, Daniel A.
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Rasmussen, Finn
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Redon, Josep
    Univ Valencia, E-46003 Valencia, Spain..
    Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M.
    Ribeiro, Robespierre
    Minas Gerais State Secretariat Hlth, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Riboli, Elio
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Rigo, Fernando
    Hlth Ctr San Agustin, Gran Canaria, Spain..
    de Wit, Tobias F. Rinke
    PharmAccess Fdn, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Ritti-Dias, Raphael M.
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Robinson, Sian M.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England..
    Robitaille, Cynthia
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Rodriguez-Artalejo, Fernando
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain..
    Rodriguez-Villamizar, Laura A.
    Univ Ind Santander, Bucaramanga, Santander, Spain..
    Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba
    Inst Nacl Salud Publ, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Rosengren, Annika
    Gothenburg Univ, S-41124 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Rubinstein, Adolfo
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Rui, Ornelas
    Univ Madeira, Funchal, Portugal..
    Sandra Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Russo Horimoto, Andrea R. V.
    Inst Heart, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Rutkowski, Marcin
    Med Univ Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland..
    Sabanayagam, Charumathi
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Sachdev, Harshpal S.
    Sitaram Bhartia Inst Sci & Res, Delhi, India..
    Saidi, Olfa
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Sakarya, Sibel
    Marmara Univ, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Salanave, Benoit
    French Publ Hlth Agcy, St Maurice, France..
    Salazar Martinez, Eduardo
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Salmeron, Diego
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain..
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Salonen, Jukka T.
    Univ Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Salvetti, Massimo
    Univ Brescia, I-25121 Brescia, Italy..
    Sanchez-Abanto, Jose
    Natl Inst Hlth, Lima, Peru..
    Sans, Susana
    Catalan Dept Hlth, Barcelona, Spain..
    Santos, Diana
    Univ Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Santos, Ina S.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    dos Santos, Renata Nunes
    Univ Sao Paulo, Clin Hosp, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Santos, Rute
    Univ Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 823, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal..
    Saramies, Jouko L.
    S Karelia Social & Hlth Care Dist, Lappeenranta, Finland..
    Sardinha, Luis B.
    Univ Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Margolis, Giselle Sarganas
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany..
    Sarrafzadegan, Nizal
    Isfahan Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Saum, Kai-Uwe
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Savva, Savvas C.
    Res & Educ Inst Child Hlth, Nicosia, Cyprus..
    Scazufca, Marcia
    Univ Sao Paulo, Clin Hosp, BR-05508 Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Schargrodsky, Herman
    Hosp Italiano Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Schneider, Ione J.
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Schultsz, Constance
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Schutte, Aletta E.
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;North West Univ, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Sen, Abhijit
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Senbanjo, Idowu O.
    Lagos State Univ, Coll Med, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
    Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Sharma, Sanjib K.
    BP Koirala Inst Hlth Sci, Dharan, Nepal..
    Shaw, Jonathan E.
    Baker IDI Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Shibuya, Kenji
    Univ Tokyo, Tokyo 1138654, Japan..
    Shin, Dong Wook
    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Seoul 151, South Korea..
    Shin, Youchan
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Siantar, Rosalynn
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Sibai, Abla M.
    Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Santos Silva, Diego Augusto
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Simon, Mary
    India Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Simons, Judith
    St Vincents Hosp, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia..
    Simons, Leon A.
    Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia..
    Sjotrom, Michael
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Skovbjerg, Sine
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta
    Med Univ Lodz, Lodz, Poland..
    Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Smith, Margaret C.
    Univ Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, England..
    Snijder, Marieke B.
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    So, Hung-Kwan
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, ```, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Sobngwi, Eugene
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Soderberg, Stefan
    Umea Univ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Solfrizzi, Vincenzo
    Univ Bari, I-70121 Bari, Italy..
    Sonestedt, Emily
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Song, Yi
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.
    Univ Copenhagen, DK-1168 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Jerome, Charles Sossa
    Inst Reg Sante Publ, Ouidah, Benin..
    Soumare, Aicha
    Univ Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France..
    Staessen, Jan A.
    Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Starc, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana 61000, Slovenia..
    Stathopoulou, Maria G.
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Stavreski, Bill
    Heart Fdn, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Steene-Johannessen, Jostein
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Stehle, Peter
    Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany..
    Stein, Aryeh D.
    Emory Univ, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Stergiou, George S.
    Sotiria Hosp, Athens, Greece..
    Stessman, Jochanan
    Hadassah Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel..
    Stieber, Jutta
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Stoeckl, Doris
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany..
    Stocks, Tanja
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Stokwiszewski, Jakub
    Natl Inst Publ Health, Natl Inst Hyg, Warsaw, Poland..
    Stronks, Karien
    Univ Amsterdam, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Strufaldi, Maria Wany
    Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Sun, Chien-An
    Fu Jen Catholic Univ, New Taipei, Taiwan..
    Sung, Yn-Tz
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, ```, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul
    Mahidol Univ, Salaya, Thailand..
    Sy, Rody G.
    Univ Philippines, Quezon City 1101, Philippines..
    Tai, E. Shyong
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore..
    Tammesoo, Mari-Liis
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Tamosiunas, Abdonas
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.;Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tang, Line
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Tang, Xun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Tanser, Frank
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa..
    Tao, Yong
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul
    Minist Hlth, Amman, Jordan..
    Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B.
    Natl Inst Hlth, Lima, Peru..
    Taylor, Anne
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Theobald, Holger
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thijs, Lutgarde
    Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Thuesen, Betina H.
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Tjonneland, Anne
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Tolonen, Hanna K.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Topbas, Murat
    Karadeniz Tech Univ, Trabzon, Turkey..
    Topor-Madry, Roman
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, PL-31007 Krakow, Poland..
    Jose Tormo, Maria
    Murcia Reg Hlth Council, Murcia, Spain..
    Torrent, Maties
    IB SALUT Area Salut Menorca, Palma De Mallorca, Spain..
    Traissac, Pierre
    Inst Rech Dev, Marseille, France..
    Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Trichopoulou, Antonia
    Hellen Hlth Fdn, Athens, Greece..
    Trinh, Oanh T. H.
    Univ Pharm & Med Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Trivedi, Atul
    Govt Med Coll, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India..
    Tshepo, Lechaba
    Sefako Makgatho Hlth Sci Univ, Pretoria, South Africa..
    Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Turley, Maria L.
    Minist Hlth, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Tynelius, Per
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tzourio, Christophe
    Univ Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France..
    Ueda, Peter
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Ugel, Eunice
    Univ Ctr Occidental Lisandro Alvarado, Lara, Venezuela..
    Ulmer, Hanno
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Uusitalo, Hannu M. T.
    Univ Tampere, Tays Eye Ctr, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland..
    Valdivia, Gonzalo
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile..
    Valvi, Damaskini
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    van der Schouw, Yvonne T.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Van Herck, Koen
    Univ Ghent, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    van Rossem, Lenie
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    van Valkengoed, Irene G. M.
    Acad Med Ctr Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Vanderschueren, Dirk
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium..
    Vanuzzo, Diego
    Ctr Prevenz Cardiovasc Udine, Udine, Italy..
    Vatten, Lars
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Vega, Tomas
    Consejeria Sanidad Junta de Castilla & Leon, Valladolid, Spain..
    Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Veronesi, Giovanni
    Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy..
    Verschuren, W. M. Monique
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Verstraeten, Roosmarijn
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium..
    Victora, Cesar G.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil..
    Viet, Lucie
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Viikari-Juntura, Eira
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Vineis, Paolo
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England..
    Vioque, Jesus
    Univ Miguel Hernandez, Elche, Spain..
    Virtanen, Jyrki K.
    Univ Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland..
    Visvikis-Siest, Sophie
    INSERM, F-75654 Paris 13, France..
    Viswanathan, Bharathi
    Minist Hlth, Mt Fleuri, Seychelles..
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Vrdoljak, Ana
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Vrijheid, Martine
    Ctr Res Environm Epidemiol, Barcelona, Spain..
    Wade, Alisha N.
    Univ Witwatersrand, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Wagner, Aline
    Univ Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France..
    Walton, Janette
    Univ Coll Cork, Cork, Ireland..
    Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan
    Inst Med Res, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Wang, Ming-Dong
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Wang, Qian
    Xinjiang Med Univ, Urumqi, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Ya Xing
    Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Wannamethee, S. Goya
    UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England..
    Wareham, Nicholas
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Wederkopp, Niels
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark..
    Weerasekera, Deepa
    Minist Hlth, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Whincup, Peter H.
    St Georges Univ London, London, England..
    Widhalm, Kurt
    Med Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria..
    Widyahening, Indah S.
    Univ Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia..
    Wiecek, Andrzej
    Med Univ Silesia, Silesia, Poland..
    Wijga, Alet H.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands..
    Wilks, Rainford J.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Willeit, Peter
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Williams, Emmanuel A.
    Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosp, Kumasi, Ghana..
    Wilsgaard, Tom
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway..
    Wojtyniak, Bogdan
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland..
    Wong, Tien Yin
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore..
    Wong-McClure, Roy A.
    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social, San Jose, Costa Rica..
    Woo, Jean
    Wu, Aleksander Giwercman
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Wu, Frederick C.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Wu, Shou Ling
    Kailuan Gen Hosp, Tangshan, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Haiquan
    Minist Agr, Inst Food & Nutr Dev, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Yan, Weili
    Fudan Univ, Childrens Hosp, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Xiaoguang
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ye, Xingwang
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.
    Univ Cyprus, CY-1678 Nicosia, Cyprus..
    Yoshihara, Akihiro
    Niigata Univ, Niigata, Japan..
    Younger-Coleman, Novie O.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica..
    Yusoff, Ahmad F.
    Zambon, Sabina
    Univ Padua, I-35100 Padua, Italy..
    Zdrojewski, Tomasz
    Med Univ Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland..
    Zeng, Yi
    Duke Univ, Durham, NC 27706 USA.;Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Dong
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing An Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Wenhua
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Yingffeng
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Zhu, Dan
    Inner Mongolia Med Univ, Hohhot, Peoples R China..
    Zimmermann, Esther
    Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Frederiksberg Univ Hosp, Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Zuniga Cisneros, Julio
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015: a pooled analysis of 1479 population-based measurement studies with 19.1 million participants2017In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 389, no 10064, 37-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. Methods For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends from 1975 to 2015 in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of raised blood pressure for 200 countries. We calculated the contributions of changes in prevalence versus population growth and ageing to the increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure. Findings We pooled 1479 studies that had measured the blood pressures of 19.1 million adults. Global age-standardised mean systolic blood pressure in 2015 was 127.0 mm Hg (95% credible interval 125.7-128.3) in men and 122.3 mm Hg (121.0-123.6) in women; age-standardised mean diastolic blood pressure was 78.7 mm Hg (77.9-79.5) for men and 76.7 mm Hg (75.9-77.6) for women. Global age-standardised prevalence of raised blood pressure was 24.1% (21.4-27.1) in men and 20.1% (17.8-22.5) in women in 2015. Mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure decreased substantially from 1975 to 2015 in high-income western and Asia Pacific countries, moving these countries from having some of the highest worldwide blood pressure in 1975 to the lowest in 2015. Mean blood pressure also decreased in women in central and eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and, more recently, central Asia, Middle East, and north Africa, but the estimated trends in these super-regions had larger uncertainty than in high-income super-regions. By contrast, mean blood pressure might have increased in east and southeast Asia, south Asia, Oceania, and sub-Saharan Africa. In 2015, central and eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and south Asia had the highest blood pressure levels. Prevalence of raised blood pressure decreased in high-income and some middle-income countries; it remained unchanged elsewhere. The number of adults with raised blood pressure increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1.13 billion in 2015, with the increase largely in low-income and middle-income countries. The global increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure is a net effect of increase due to population growth and ageing, and decrease due to declining age-specific prevalence. Interpretation During the past four decades, the highest worldwide blood pressure levels have shifted from high-income countries to low-income countries in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa due to opposite trends, while blood pressure has been persistently high in central and eastern Europe. Funding Wellcome Trust.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-10 14:30 N2007, Kalmar
    Marchand, Charlotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Phytoremediation of soil contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons and trace elements2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid urbanization and industrialization has led to an increase of disposal petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC) and trace elements (TE) into the environment. These pollutants are considered as the most toxic contaminants in the world due to their persistence in the environment, and the long range of toxicological effects for living beings.

    Recent concerns regarding the environmental contamination have initiated the development of several remediation technologies, including physical, chemical, and biological approaches. In this thesis, gentle soil remediation options (GRO) were investigated at different scales for the reclamation of PHC and TE co-contaminated soil. In the first part of this thesis, laboratory experiments were performed to characterize PHC and TE contaminated soil as well as the indigenous microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) present inside these contaminated soil. It was found that the studied aged contaminated soil had a negative effect on earthworm’s development and L. sativum biomass. Moreover, a high respiration of microorganisms attributed to the transformation/ mineralization of organic matter or/and organic pollutants was observed. This presence of viable microorganisms suggested an adaptation of microorganisms to the contaminant. Further results showed that the long-term exposure of soil microorganisms to high PHC concentration and the type of isolation culture media did not influence the ability of isolates to effectively degrade PHC. However, phylogenic affiliation had a strong on PHC biodegradation. In the second part of this thesis, preliminary studies in greenhouse were assessed to investigate the ability of M. sativa assisted by compost in the greenhouse aided-phytoremediation of PHC and TE. It was found that compost incorporation into the soil promoted PHC degradation, M. sativa growth and survival, and phytoextraction of TE. Residual risk assessment after the phytoremediation trial also showed a positive effect of compost amendment on plant growth and earthworm development. Pilot scale ecopile experiment carried out in the third part of this thesis allow a reduction of up to 80% of PHC and 20% of metals after 17 months. This research demonstrated that M. sativa and H. annus were suitable for phytodegradation of PHC and phytoextraction of TE.  Results from this thesis are helpful for further full-scale phytoremediation studies. 

  • Hagevi, Magnus
    Växjö universitet.
    Sekulariseringens slut?2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 35-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Nikku, Nina
    Linköpings universitet.
    Stallkulturen som arena för flickors identitetsskapande2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 29-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Allwood, Carl Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Barns minnesprestationer i rättsprocessen2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 21-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Rönnberg, Margareta
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Animerande Disneyfilmer - för barn eller vuxna?2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 13-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Halldén, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet.
    Barns inflytande över barndomen2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 5-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Barn2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, 2-3 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2005:42005Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Hartikainen, Hanna
    et al.
    Natural Resources Institute Finland, Luke.
    Svanes, Erik
    Østfoldforskning.
    Franke, Ulrika
    Swedish Board of Agriculture.
    Mogensen, Lisbeth
    Aarhus University.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Bond, Rebekka
    Høgskolen i Hedmark.
    Burman, Camilla
    Swedish Board of Agriculture.
    Einarsson, Elin
    Swedish Board of Agriculture.
    Eklöf, Patrik
    Swedish Board of Agriculture.
    Joensuu, Katri
    Luke.
    Olsson, Marie E.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Räikkönen, Raija
    Luke.
    Sinkko, Taija
    Luke.
    Stubhaug, Erling
    NIBIO.
    Rosell, Annelie
    Swedish Board of Agriculture.
    Sundin, Sofi
    Swedish Board of Agriculture.
    Food losses and waste in primary production: Case studies on carrots, onions, peas, cereals and farmed fish2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the results from six case studies of food losses and waste in primary production in the Nordic region. The product groups studied were carrots, onions, cereal (wheat or rye), green peas, field peas, and cultivated fish (rainbow trout or char). We used different methods to study the side flows: questionnaires, in-field measurements and interviews. Instead of the term “food losses and waste” we use the term “side flows”.

    The side flow ranged from 4 % to 31 % for vegetables, cereals and pulses and most of the side flow for occurs after harvest, e.g. when sorting and storing the products. The main reason for side flow is quality issues. Weather conditions and diseases have a major impact on the quality of the products. We cannot draw many conclusions on side flow amounts for fish based on the results. The reasons for fish side flow are mainly diseases and predators.

  • Aronsson, Martin
    et al.
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Joborn, Martin
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Gestrelius, Sara
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Ranjbar, Zohreh
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, SICS.
    Kapacitet på rangerbangården Hallsberg: resultat från projektet PRAGGE22016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver dels en metod att bedöma rangerbangårdens förmåga att hantera tågbildning och dels en pilotstudie som gjorts i Hallsberg i projektet PRAGGE2. Metoden, kallad PRAGGE-metoden, bygger på att en optimerande programvara utvecklad i tidigare projekt, kallad RanPlan, används för att undersöka det extra arbete som olika bangårdsutformningar ger upphov till. Extraarbete mäts som ett nyckeltal, ER (extra valldrag), som är en funktion av antalet vagnar som får hanteras flera gånger över rangervallen. Ju högre ER-värde desto arbetsammare är det för bangården att skapa de avgående tågen. Inom ramen för denna studie har riktningsgruppens antal spår samt längder undersökts, U-gruppens betydelse för Hallsbergs rangerbangård har belysts med speciellt fokus på den nuvarande situationen med det ibland förekommande tågkön in till infartsgruppen. Vidare har en enklare undersökning av ett ev. spårbehov för s.k. ”block-swaps” (byte av ett fåtal större vagnsgrupper mellan tåg) gjorts samt även ett försök att påbörja en kategorisering eller kapacitetsbeskrivning av en rangerbangård.

  • Svensson, Anna C.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stjernschantz Forsberg, Joanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Seblova, Dominika
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lager, Anton
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Residential area and physical activity: A multi-level study of 68,000 adults in Stockholm County2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 45, no 1, 25-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To determine whether there are systematic differences in physical activity between residential areas after extensive control for sociodemographic factors at the individual level. Methods: Multi-level regressions of walking/bicycling, sedentary activities, household work and exercise were carried out in a representative sample of 68,303 adults in 39 residential areas in Stockholm County, first adjusting at the individual level for country of birth, sex, age, education, occupational class and income. The type of housing was then considered at the individual level or, for walking/bicycling and exercise, at both the individual and area levels (as a measure of area density). Results: After adjustment for sociodemographic factors, differences between residential areas remained in walking/bicycling, corresponding to 0.27 SD, or 50 min/week between the most and least active areas. Forty per cent of this difference could be explained by the type of housing at the area level. For sedentary activities and household work, respectively, much of the variation that remained after adjustment for sociodemographic factors was, in turn, explained by the type of housing at the individual level, leaving a difference of 0.16 SD (80 min/week) and 0.13 SD (60 min/week), respectively. For exercise, the corresponding difference was 0.11 SD (11 min/week, not sensitive to housing). Conclusions: Area level factors may influence walking/bicycling. High area density was associated with more activity. However, high density also comes with a type of housing (apartments) that is associated with less household work and, surprisingly, more sedentary activities, introducing a challenging trade-off. The differences in exercise were smaller than for all other types of activities.

  • Aronsson, Martin
    et al.
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Joborn, Martin
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Gestrelius, Sara
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Ranjbar, Zohreh
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, SICS.
    Kapacitetsanalys av tre olika utbyggnadsalternativ av Sävenäs rangerbangård: resultat från pilotstudien av Sävenäs i projektet PRAGGE22016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport redovisar arbetet med en av två piloter i projektet PRAGGE2, undersökning av tre bangårdsalternativ för rustningen/ombyggnaden av Sävenäs rangerbangård i Göteborg. I detta arbete har en metod utvecklad under det första PRAGGE-projektet använts för att studera tre olika utvecklingsalternativ av rangerbangården i Sävenäs, framtagna av Sweco i separat projekt. PRAGGE-metoden bygger på att mäta det extra arbete i termer av att mäta det antal gånger en vagn rangeras extra på bangården på grund av trängsel, väsentligen för få spår att bygga avgående tåg på. Metoden utgår från den i utfallsdata definierade tidtabellen och bokningen och skapar en rangerplan med minimalt antal extra rangerade vagnar över vall. Green Cargo har för PRAGGE2 ställt data från 2014 års trafik till vårt förfogande. Resultatet från pilotstudien är att en av bangårdsutformningarna från Swecos tre framtagna alternativ inte bedöms ha tillräcklig kapacitet medan de två andra har utvärderats vidare. Den ena av dem bedömdes dock inte få plats på den yta som anses kunna ställas till förfogande varvid enbart ett alternativ återstår. Erfarenheten från piloten är att PRAGGE-metoden fungerar som en kvantitativ utvärderingsmetod för att bedöma kapaciteten på föreslagen grov utformning av rangerbangården och som kompletterar de kvalitativa utvärderingsmetoder som också används.

  • Kühnemund, Malte
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Wei, Qingshan
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Bioengn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Darai, Evangelia
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Wang, Yingjie
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Hernandez-Neuta, Ivan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Yang, Zhao
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Tseng, Derek
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Ahlford, Annika
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden.;Devyser AB, Instrumentvagen 19, S-12653 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mathot, Lucy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sjöblom, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ozcan, Aydogan
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Bioengn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Calif NanoSyst Inst CNSI, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Nilsson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Stockholm Univ, Dept Biophys & Biochem, Sci Life Lab, Box 1031, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Targeted DNA sequencing and in situ mutation analysis using mobile phone microscopy2017In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, 13913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Molecular diagnostics is typically outsourced to well-equipped centralized laboratories, often far from the patient. We developed molecular assays and portable optical imaging designs that permit on-site diagnostics with a cost-effective mobile-phone-based multimodal microscope. We demonstrate that targeted next-generation DNA sequencing reactions and in situ point mutation detection assays in preserved tumour samples can be imaged and analysed using mobile phone microscopy, achieving a new milestone for tele-medicine technologies.

  • Marti, J.
    et al.
    CSIC, Inst Earth Sci Jaume Almera, ICTJA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Villasenor, A.
    CSIC, Inst Earth Sci Jaume Almera, ICTJA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Geyer, A.
    CSIC, Inst Earth Sci Jaume Almera, ICTJA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Lopez, C.
    IGN, Observ Geofis Cent, Madrid, Spain..
    Tryggvason, Ari
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
    Stress barriers controlling lateral migration of magma revealed by seismic tomography2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 40757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how monogenetic volcanic systems work requires full comprehension of the local and regional stresses that govern magma migration inside them and why/how they seem to change from one eruption to another. During the 2011-2012 El Hierro eruption (Canary Islands) the characteristics of unrest, including a continuous change in the location of seismicity, made the location of the future vent unpredictable, so short term hazard assessment was highly imprecise. A 3D P-wave velocity model is obtained using arrival times of the earthquakes occurred during that pre-eruptive unrest and several latter post-eruptive seismic crises not related to further eruptions. This model reveals the rheological and structural complexity of the interior of El Hierro volcanic island. It shows a number of stress barriers corresponding to regional tectonic structures and blocked pathways from previous eruptions, which controlled ascent and lateral migration of magma and, together with the existence of N-S regional compression, reduced its options to find a suitable path to reach the surface and erupt.

  • Bjarnason, Elizabeth
    et al.
    Borg, Markus
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Software and Systems Engineering Laboratory.
    Aligning Requirements and Testing - Working Together Toward the Same Goal2017In: IEEE Software, ISSN 0740-7459, E-ISSN 1937-4194, Vol. 34, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Olsson, Jonas
    et al.
    SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
    Arheimer, Berit
    SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
    Borris, Matthias
    Donnelly, Chantal
    SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
    Foster, Kean
    SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
    Nikulin, Grigory
    SMHI, Research Department, Climate research - Rossby Centre.
    Persson, Magnus
    Perttu, Anna-Maria
    Uvo, Cintia B.
    Viklander, Maria
    Yang, Wei
    SMHI, Research Department, Hydrology.
    Hydrological Climate Change Impact Assessment at Small and Large Scales: Recent Progress and Current Issues.2016In: Climate, ISSN 2225-1154, Vol. 4(3), no 39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Back, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Rickard, Viik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Analytical Design and Optimization of a WR-3 Waveguide Diplexer Synthesized using Direct Coupled Resonator Cavities2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A WR-3 coupled waveguide resonator diplexer is designed, analytically, using the insertion loss method, and subsequently simulated and optimized in HFSS. The design features ten iris coupled resonator cavities, assembled with a power divider in a T-junction topology. The diplexer channel filters yield a 5th order Chebyshev type frequency response, centered around 265 GHz and 300 GHz, respectivley. The resulting diplexer channels have bandwidths of 13 GHz and 11.6 GHz, respectivley, and a maximum passband return loss of -6.35 dB for channel A and -6.95 dB for channel B. A usable diplexer should have a passband return loss of at most -20 dB. Further optimization or, alternatively, changing the features of the design is needed to reduce the passband ripple to a level for which the diplexer is usable in practice. Possible improvements can be made by making the channel passbands narrower or, alternatively, increasing the number of resonators in the channel filters.

  • Leggatt, Rosalind A.
    et al.
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Sundström, L. Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre. Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Woodward, Krista
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Devlin, Robert H.
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Ctr Aquaculture & Environm Res, Ctr Aquat Biotechnol Regulatory Res, W Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Growth-Enhanced Transgenic Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Strains Have Varied Success in Simulated Streams: Implications for Risk Assessment2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 1, e0169991Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growth hormone (GH) transgenic fish have accelerated growth and could improve production efficiency in aquaculture. However, concern exists regarding potential environmental risks of GH transgenic fish should they escape rearing facilities. While environmental effects have been examined in some GH transgenic models, there is a lack of information on whether effects differ among different constructs or strains of transgenic fish. We compared growth and survival of wild-type coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) fry, a fast-growing GH transgenic strain containing a metallothionein promoter (T-MT), and three lines/strains containing a reportedly weaker histone-3 promoter (T-H3) in hatchery conditions and semi-natural stream tanks with varying levels of natural food and predators. Rank order of genotype size and survival differed with varying environmental conditions, both within and among experiments. Despite accelerated growth in hatchery conditions, T-MT fry gained little or no growth enhancement in stream conditions, had enhanced survival when food was limiting, and inconsistent survival under other conditions. Rank growth was inconsistent in T-H3 strains, with one strain having highest, and two strains having the lowest growth in stream conditions, although all T-H3 strains had consistently poor survival. These studies demonstrate the importance of determining risk estimates for each unique transgenic model independent of other models.

  • Stenström, Christer
    et al.
    Xin, Tao
    School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University.
    Parida, Aditya
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics.
    A rapid method for estimating the prevented train delays as an effect of rail infrastructure inspections2016In: The Infrastructure Construction and Maintenance of High-speed Railway and Urban Rail Transit in Complex Environment / [ed] F. Chen, X.P. Cai, L.J. Wang and L. Gao, China Railway Publishing House , 2016, 51-55 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, a formula is described for calculating the relationship between preventive maintenance inspections and train delays for rail infrastructure. The reduction in train delays due to preventive maintenance has been calculated as follows: When an inspection is performed, the probability to find a potential failure is between 0 and 100 %. The potential failure is registered as an inspection remark. The risk that the potential failure will degrade to a functional failure within a certain time is also between 0 and 100 %. Strictly speaking, this time is equal to the specified maximum time to restoration in the inspection remark registration, e.g. within one week, but in practice longer. As an example, one can assume 100 inspections, with 10 % probability to find a potential failure, 75 % risk for functional failure if an action is not taken within a near future and 25 % risk for train delays. This gives 100 · 0.1 · 0.75 · 0.25 = 1.875 prevented train-delaying functional failures, and therefore 1.875 times the average number of train delay minutes in reduced minutes of train delays.

     

    A case study was carried out to verify the proposed method. The prevented train-delay minutes per maintenance inspection for various rail infrastructure systems were found to be between 0-40 minutes per inspection. However, the result depends to a large extent on the definition of inspection within the maintenance database. The result also depends on the type of inspection, e.g. safety or maintenance inspections. Moreover, the result depends greatly on the criteria that are being used for specifying the risk that a potential failure will degrade to a functional failure within a certain time period. These factors need to be clear before actions are taken upon the results.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Grythe, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Quantification of sources and removal mechanisms of atmospheric aerosol particles2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this work has been to quantify important processes for climatically relevant aerosols, and to improve our understanding of, and ability to accurately model, aerosols in the atmosphere on a large scale. This thesis contains five papers focused on different parts of the life cycle of atmospheric aerosol particles. Two papers describe the physical process of emission of primary marine aerosols. The large uncertainties in these processes are demonstrated by examining the diversity of existing parameterizations for emissions. Building from laboratory experiments to validation of model results with observations, new parameterizations are suggested. These take into account also effects of water temperature on primary marine aerosol production. In the third paper the main focus was to develop a new aerosol wet removal scheme in the Lagrangian transport and dispersion model FLEXPART. Removal timescales and atmospheric concentrations are found to be close to observation based estimates. The final two papers focus on atmospheric black carbon aerosols at high latitudes. As an example of increased human activities in the Arctic, local emissions from cruise ships visiting the research base in Ny Ålesund had demonstrable effects on the level of pollutants measured there. In contrast, inland Antarctic air was shown to be clean compared to the Arctic, due to the extremely long transport time from any major aerosol sources. The work done in this thesis has addressed critical uncertainties regarding the aerosol lifecycle, by better constraining aerosol emissions and atmospheric lifetimes. The development of the new wet removal scheme has improved FLEXPART model accuracy, which will be beneficial in future applications of the model.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 13:00 Gröjersalen, hus 3, Kräftriket, Stockholm
    Minina, Alisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Consumption of financial services in global mobility: A Cephalopodic consumption mode?2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the interconnected world of today more and more people get on the move. We go abroad for vacations, visits or business trips and we change countries of residence as we pursue new opportunities. Cross-border mobility is becoming part of our life. In recent years consumer researchers have been showing an increasing interest in particularities of consumption in condition of global mobility. Although previous studies have acknowledged the importance of economic capital in enabling global consumer mobility, existing research could be enriched by a deeper understanding of how globally mobile consumers manage their financial consumption across borders.

    The aim of this dissertation is to is to contribute to the uncovering of the particularities of consumption of financial services in global mobility by documenting globally mobile consumers’ financial consumption patterns, the ways they build and maintain relationships with their financial service providers and the ways in which they navigate cultural norms of service consumption and financial consumption across borders.

    The study is based on four research articles that develop an understanding of the dimensions of financial consumption and uncover purchasing, relational and acculturative aspects of consumption of financial services in mobility. The overarching chapter further develops the insights from the articles, bringing forward the concept of the cephalopodic consumption mode – a particular way in which globally mobile consumers organize their financial consumption.

    This work contributes to the domain of research on serially relocating consumers by showing how globally mobile professionals engage in cephalopodic consumption mode (CCM), using their economic capital in order to navigate their international movement. The multipresence, multi-acculturation, instrumentality and camouflage of CCM emerge as an answer to challenges of mobility – the need to reacquaint with new countries every time upon relocation, the future need to leave again and the necessity to organize consumption across borders.  

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 13:00 hörsal 9, hus D, Stockholm
    Nilson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Att skapa en läsare: Läsarter och läsare av litterär text i svenskämnets nationella examination på gymnasiet – åren 1968 till 20132017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the curriculum for the subject of Swedish reading of literary texts is justified by ideas that literary reading will make the student learn more about the environment in which he/she lives, about herself/himself, as well as about others. It is well stated by previous research that what readings that is required and formulated in, for example, assignments or book talk, is important in how the text is discerned by the reader. It is therefore interesting to analyse what readings the student is required or invited to perform when literary reading is examined in national tests, a testing form that concerns all students in upper secondary school, and where one of its official aims is to concretize the curriculum.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate what readings of literary texts are required or desirable in national tests in order to see what kind of reader the school is creating. This is done by studying how the student is positioned, by interpellations, in the tests. The thesis also has an historical approach, focusing on interpellation and reader subject.

    The empirical material of the study consists of all tasks that require reading of literary texts that have been used in national tests in upper secondary school in the subject of Swedish, from the year 1968 to 2013.

    The theoretical and methodological framework is discourse analytical with focus on positioning analyses, which is combined with analysis of readings, from the research field of literary didactics.

    The results show what readings that have been more or less frequent during the period.  Also the analyses of how the assignments are constructed display how the student is positioned in terms of competences, and in what way the reader subject is produced within the literary examinations.  For example, if the text should be read with a focus on form, as a societal argument, or in order to be an inspiration for the student´s own life, this will in itself create a reader that has a knowledge of how to analyse literature, is able to write about societal issues or is willing to talk about him/herself. The three prominent reading subjects that the study highlights are subjects with a knowledge of literature, with a knowledge of psychology and subjects with a knowledge of societal issues. The historical approach also shows that the student is provided with more and more information in how to read the text over time, which shows that the assignments work as a scaffold but at the same time gives the student a specific outlook on how to read literature in the later tests.  

  • Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Almost, Joan
    Queens Univ, Kingston, ON, Canada..
    DeCorby-Watson, Kara
    Publ Hlth Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Gifford, Wendy
    Univ Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Harvey, Gill
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Hasson, Henna
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kenny, Deborah
    Univ Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO 80907 USA..
    Moodie, Sheila
    Western Univ, London, ON, Canada..
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Hlth & Care Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Yost, Jennifer
    McMaster Univ, Sch Nursing, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Clinical interventions, implementation interventions, and the potential greyness in between -a discussion paper2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is increasing awareness that regardless of the proven value of clinical interventions, the use of effective strategies to implement such interventions into clinical practice is necessary to ensure that patients receive the benefits. However, there is often confusion between what is the clinical intervention and what is the implementation intervention. This may be caused by a lack of conceptual clarity between 'intervention' and 'implementation', yet at other times by ambiguity in application. We suggest that both the scientific and the clinical communities would benefit from greater clarity; therefore, in this paper, we address the concepts of intervention and implementation, primarily as in clinical interventions and implementation interventions, and explore the grey area in between. Discussion: To begin, we consider the similarities, differences and potential greyness between clinical interventions and implementation interventions through an overview of concepts. This is illustrated with reference to two examples of clinical interventions and implementation intervention studies, including the potential ambiguity in between. We then discuss strategies to explore the hybridity of clinical-implementation intervention studies, including the role of theories, frameworks, models, and reporting guidelines that can be applied to help clarify the clinical and implementation intervention, respectively. Conclusion: Semantics provide opportunities for improved precision in depicting what is 'intervention' and what is 'implementation' in health care research. Further, attention to study design, the use of theory, and adoption of reporting guidelines can assist in distinguishing between the clinical intervention and the implementation intervention. However, certain aspects may remain unclear in analyses of hybrid studies of clinical and implementation interventions. Recognizing this potential greyness can inform further discourse.

  • Balaji, Venkatramani
    et al.
    Maisonnave, Eric
    Zadeh, Niki
    Lawrence, Bryan N.
    Biercamp, Joachim
    Fladrich, Uwe
    SMHI, Research Department, Climate research - Rossby Centre.
    Aloisio, Giovanni
    Benson, Rusty
    Caubel, Arnaud
    Durachta, Jeffrey
    Foujols, Marie-Alice
    Lister, Grenville
    Mocavero, Silvia
    Underwood, Seth
    Wright, Garrett
    CPMIP: measurements of real computational performance of Earth system models in CMIP62017In: Geoscientific Model Development, ISSN 1991-959X, E-ISSN 1991-9603, Vol. 10, no 1, 19-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 10:00 Lilla hörsalen, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm
    Stålstedt, Jeanette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology. Enheten för Zoologi, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet.
    Phylogeny, taxonomy and species delimitation of water mites and velvet mites2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the Swedish Taxonomy Initiative (STI) - one of the most ambitious all taxa biodiversity inventories in the world. One of the pillars in STI is to support taxonomic research on the most neglected taxonomic groups with the aim to lift the level of knowledge of biodiversity in the country. There is still a lot to be discovered, especially in the microscopic world, and this includes mites. Many aspects of mite biology and diversity are poorly known, such as species richness, abundance, distribution, lifestyle and behavior of species. Mites inhabits all sorts of aquatic, terrestrial, arboreal and parasitic habitats, nevertheless even in well-studied systems mites are often overlooked. Despite being among the smallest of arthropods, they are of medical and economical importance and may be very abundant in the ecosystems they inhabit. This thesis focuses on Parasitengona (Acariformes: Prostigmata), one of the most diverse taxa among the arachnids. It includes the aquatic Hydrachnidia (water mites) and the terrestrial Trombidia (e.g. velvet mites, chiggers). A unifying characteristic of Parasitengona is their complex life cycle of active and inactive stages, parasitic larvae and predatory deutonymphs and adults. They typically parasitize and prey on arthropods, except the chiggers which have vertebrates as hosts. The aim of this thesis is to shed light on the phylogeny and taxonomy of Parasitengona with emphasis on the Swedish fauna. To achieve this, mites were collected from different localities throughout the country between the years 2007-2016. Water mites were sampled with a hand net. Larvae of terrestrial Parasitengona were collected with sweeping nets and sorted out from malaise trap samples from the Swedish Malaise Trap Project. To collect the adults Berlese-Tullgren extractor and pitfall traps were used as well as hand collecting and sifting with litter reducer. The material collected abroad was kindly provided through collaboration.  Methods used in the papers included morphometrics, multivariate analyses, experimental rearing, DNA extraction and sequencing, Bayesian phylogenetic analyses and molecular species delimitation. In paper I and II, we combine molecular species delimitation models and morphological data to resolve taxonomical issues. This integrative taxonomic approach of combining data resulted in Piona dispersa Sokolow, 1926 as a valid species and redescriptions, new synonyms and neotypes provided for Erythraeus phalangoides (De Geer, 1778),  E. cinereus (Dugès, 1834) and E. regalis (C.L. Koch, 1837). Based on the new inventories we produce an updated and annotated checklist of 105 terrestrial Parasitengona species for Fennoscandia in paper III, and use metadata to increase the knowledge on distribution, habitat preferences, life stages and abundance. Out of these, 20 species are new findings for the region and five are potential new species for science. In paper IV, we provide a molecular phylogeny of Parasitengona based on the genes 18S, 28S and COI for 80 taxa with a sampling focus on the terrestrial lineages. Based on the results we offer a revised higher-level classification of the group. In particular the analyses supported Tanaupodoidea Thor, 1935 as a separate superfamily, but Trombiculoidea Ewing, 1929 was not monophyletic and was synonymized, along with Chyzerioidea Womersley, 1954, with Trombidioidea Leach, 1815.

  • Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Liliequist, Marianne
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Sjöstedt Landén, Angelika
    Umeå universitet, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Introduction2015In: Ageing: culture & identity / [ed] Karlsson, L; Liliequist, M; Lundgren, AS; Lövgren, K & Sjöstedt Landén, A, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2015, 9-15 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Ehrnberger, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Product and Service Design.
    Räsänen, Minna
    Södertörns Högskola.
    Börjesson, Emma
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Hertz, Anne- Christine
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Sundbom, Cristine
    Konstfack.
    The Androchair: Performing Gynaecology through the Practice of Gender Critical Design2017In: The Design Journal, ISSN 1460-6965, Vol. 20, no 2, 1-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights the important role that design plays when it comes to women’s overall experi- ences of ther gynaecological examination. It exempli es how the examination can become renegotiable through the practice of a critical design. We will re ect this in the design of the contemporary gynaecological examination chair (GEC). We used women’s experiences as a starting point for the design of an Androchair (a conceptual male equivalent of the GEC), in order to make the experiences critically visible. Inspired by the view of the gynaecolog- ical examination as a performance where the Androchair is represented as a prop and was placed on a stage as a discussion object during a public seminar. The Androchair allowed for both critical and multiple readings of the GEC and through that, the gynaecology examination at large. Moreover, it stimulated a discussion about alternative ideas towards achieving a more positive experience. 

  • Boldt, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Borg, Anton
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Evaluating Temporal Analysis Methods UsingResidential Burglary Data2016In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, Special Issue on Frontiers in Spatial and Spatiotemporal Crime Analytics, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 5, no 9, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Law enforcement agencies, as well as researchers rely on temporal analysis methods in many crime analyses, e.g., spatio-temporal analyses. A number of temporal analysis methods are being used, but a structured comparison in different configurations is yet to be done. This study aims to fill this research gap by comparing the accuracy of five existing, and one novel, temporal analysis methods in approximating offense times for residential burglaries that often lack precise time information. The temporal analysis methods are evaluated in eight different configurations with varying temporal resolution, as well as the amount of data (number of crimes) available during analysis. A dataset of all Swedish residential burglaries reported between 2010 and 2014 is used (N = 103,029). From that dataset, a subset of burglaries with known precise offense times is used for evaluation. The accuracy of the temporal analysis methods in approximating the distribution of burglaries with known precise offense times is investigated. The aoristic and the novel aoristic_ext method perform significantly better than three of the traditional methods. Experiments show that the novel aoristic_ext method was most suitable for estimating crime frequencies in the day-of-the-year temporal resolution when reduced numbers of crimes were available during analysis. In the other configurations investigated, the aoristic method showed the best results. The results also show the potential from temporal analysis methods in approximating the temporal distributions of residential burglaries in situations when limited data are available.

  • Srithunyarat, Thanikul
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.;Khon Kaen Univ, Fac Vet Med, Dept Surg & Theriogenol, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand..
    Hagman, Ragnvi
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Höglund, Odd V.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Olsson, Ulf
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Unit Appl Stat & Math, Box 7032, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology. Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Sci, S-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Jitpean, Supranee
    Khon Kaen Univ, Fac Vet Med, Dept Surg & Theriogenol, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand..
    Lagerstedt, Anne-Sofie
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Pettersson, Ann
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7504, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Catestatin and vasostatin concentrations in healthy dogs2017In: ACTA VETERINARIA SCANDINAVICA, ISSN 0044-605X, Vol. 59, 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The neuroendocrine glycoprotein chromogranin A is a useful biomarker in humans for neuroendocrine tumors and stress. Chromogranin A can be measured in both blood and saliva. The objective of this study was to investigate concentrations of and correlation between the chromogranin A epitopes catestatin and vasostatin in healthy dogs accustomed to the sample collection procedures. Blood and saliva samples were collected from 10 research Beagle dogs twice daily for 5 consecutive days, and from 33 privately-owned blood donor dogs in association with 50 different blood donation occasions. All dogs were familiar with sample collection procedures. During each sampling, stress behavior was scored by the same observer using a visual analog scale (VAS) and serum cortisol concentrations. Catestatin and vasostatin were analyzed using radioimmunoassays for dogs. Results: The dogs showed minimal stress behavior during both saliva sampling and blood sampling as monitored by VAS scores and serum cortisol concentrations. Few and insufficient saliva volumes were obtained and therefore only catestatin could be analyzed. Catestatin concentrations differed significantly and did not correlate significantly with vasostatin concentrations (P < 0.0001). Age, gender, breed, and time of sample collection did not significantly affect concentrations of plasma catestatin, vasostatin, and saliva catestatin. Conclusions: The normal ranges of plasma catestatin (0.53-0.98 nmol/l), vasostatin (0.11-1.30 nmol/l), and saliva catestatin (0.31-1.03 nmol/l) concentrations in healthy dogs accustomed to the sampling procedures were determined. Separate interpretation of the different chromogranin A epitopes from either saliva or plasma is recommended.

  • Wimo, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Aging Res Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Div Neurogeriatr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Guerchet, Maelenn
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    Ali, Gemma-Claire
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    Wu, Yu-Tzu
    Univ Exeter, Dept Psychol, Coll Life & Environm Sci, REACH, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Prina, A. Matthew
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    Winblad, Bengt
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Div Neurogeriatr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jonsson, Linus
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc NVS, Div Neurogeriatr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Liu, Zhaorui
    Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Prince, Martin
    Kings Coll London, Global Observ Ageing & Dementia Care, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London, England..
    The worldwide costs of dementia 2015 and comparisons with 20102017In: Alzheimer's & Dementia, ISSN 1552-5260, E-ISSN 1552-5279, Vol. 13, no 1, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In 2010, Alzheimer's Disease International presented estimates of the global cost of illness (COI) of dementia. Since then, new studies have been conducted, and the number of people with dementia has increased. Here, we present an update of the global cost estimates. Methods: This is a societal, prevalence-based global COI study. Results: The worldwide costs of dementia were estimated at United States (US) $818 billion in 2015, an increase of 35% since 2010; 86% of the costs occur in high-income countries. Costs of informal care and the direct costs of social care still contribute similar proportions of total costs, whereas the costs in the medical sector are much lower. The threshold of US $1 trillion will be crossed by 2018. Discussion: Worldwide costs of dementia are enormous and still inequitably distributed. The increase in costs arises from increases in numbers of people with dementia and in increases in per person costs.

  • Kullinger, Merit
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Vastmanland Cty Hosp, Clin Res Ctr, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Wesström, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Falun, Sweden..
    Kieler, Helle
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Ctr Pharmacoepidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Skalkidou, Alkistis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Maternal and fetal characteristics affect discrepancies between pregnancy-dating methods: a population-based cross-sectional register study2017In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 96, no 1, 86-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionGestational age is estimated by ultrasound using fetal size as a proxy for age, although variance in early growth affects reliability. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics associated with discrepancies between last menstrual period-based (EDD-LMP) and ultrasound-based (EDD-US) estimated delivery dates. Material and methodsWe identified all singleton births (n=1201679) recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register in 1995-2010, to assess the association between maternal/fetal characteristics and large negative and large positive discrepancies (EDD-LMP earlier than EDD-US and 10th percentile in the discrepancy distribution vs. EDD-LMP later than EDD-US and 90th percentile). Analyses were adjusted for age, parity, height, body mass index, smoking, and employment status. ResultsWomen with a body mass index >40kg/m(2) had the highest odds for large negative discrepancies (-9 to -20days) [odds ratio (OR) 2.16, 95% CI 2.01-2.33]. Other factors associated with large negative discrepancies were: diabetes, young maternal age, multiparity, body mass index between 30 and 39.9kg/m(2) or <18.5kg/m(2), a history of gestational diabetes, female fetus, shorter stature (<-1SD), a history of preeclampsia, smoking or snuff use, and unemployment. Large positive discrepancies (+4 to +20days) were associated with male fetus (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.77-1.83), age 30years, multiparity, not living with a partner, taller stature (>+1 SD), and unemployment. ConclusionsSeveral maternal and fetal characteristics were associated with discrepancies between dating methods. Systematic associations of discrepancies with maternal height, fetal sex, and partly obesity, may reflect an influence on the precision of the ultrasound estimate due to variance in early growth.

  • Kiefer, David
    et al.
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Yu, Liyang
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, Phys Sci & Engn Div, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia.;King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, KAUST Solar Ctr KSC, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia..
    Fransson, Erik
    Chalmers, Dept Phys, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Gomez, Andres
    Esfera UAB, Inst Ciencia Mat Barcelona, S-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Primetzhofer, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Amassian, Aram
    King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, Phys Sci & Engn Div, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia.;King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol KAUST, KAUST Solar Ctr KSC, Thuwal 239556900, Saudi Arabia..
    Campoy-Quiles, Mariano
    Esfera UAB, Inst Ciencia Mat Barcelona, S-08193 Bellaterra, Spain..
    Müller, Christian
    Chalmers, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A Solution-Doped Polymer Semiconductor: Insulator Blend for Thermoelectrics2017In: ADVANCED SCIENCE, ISSN 2198-3844, Vol. 4, no 1, 1600203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poly(ethylene oxide) is demonstrated to be a suitable matrix polymer for the solution-doped conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene). The polarity of the insulator combined with carefully chosen processing conditions permits the fabrication of tens of micrometer- thick films that feature a fine distribution of the F4TCNQ dopant: semiconductor complex. Changes in electrical conductivity from 0.1 to 0.3 S cm(-1) and Seebeck coefficient from 100 to 60 mu V K-1 upon addition of the insulator correlate with an increase in doping efficiency from 20% to 40% for heavily doped ternary blends. An invariant bulk thermal conductivity of about 0.3 W m(-1)K(-1) gives rise to a thermoelectric Figure of merit ZT similar to 10(-4) that remains unaltered for an insulator content of more than 60 wt%. Free-standing, mechanically robust tapes illustrate the versatility of the developed dopant: semiconductor: insulator ternary blends.

  • Niemann, Cajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Tillitsbaserad styrning i statsförvaltningen: Kan Regeringskansliet visa vägen?2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2016 har regeringen lanserat en tillitsreform och i denna rapport diskuteras ett empiriskt exempel på tillitsbaserad styrning i statsförvaltningen – rollerna i relationen mellan politiker och tjänstemän i Regeringskansliet. Denna relation har i en omfattande empirisk studie visat sig bygga på ett förtroende som byggs upp i interaktionen mellan politiker och tjänstemän. Förtroendet baseras på att de agerar i enlighet med de förväntningar de har på varandra. Rapporten är således ett bidrag till diskussionen om vad en tillitsbaserad styrning kan sägas innebära. Men den är även ett bidrag till diskussionen om styrningen och organiseringen av statsförvaltningen i mer generell bemärkelse.

  • Urpelainen, Samuli
    et al.
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sathe, Conny
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Grizolli, Walan
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Agåker, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    Head, Ashley R.
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Andersson, Margit
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Huang, Shih-Wen
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Jensen, Brian N.
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Wallen, Erik
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, 1 Cyclotron Rd, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Tarawneh, Hamed
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sankari, Rami
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Nyholm, Ralf
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Lindberg, Mirjam
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sjoblom, Peter
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Niclas
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Reinecke, Benjamin N.
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Arman, M. Alif
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Merte, Lindsay R.
    Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Knudsen, Jan
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Schnadt, Joachim
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Andersen, Jesper N.
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Synchrotron Radiat Res, POB 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Hennies, Franz
    Lund Univ, MAX Lab 4, POB 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    The SPECIES beamline at the MAX IV Laboratory: a facility for soft X-ray RIXS and APXPS2017In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, ISSN 0909-0495, E-ISSN 1600-5775, Vol. 24, 344-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SPECIES is an undulator-based soft X-ray beamline that replaced the old I511 beamline at the MAX II storage ring. SPECIES is aimed at high-resolution ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS), near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure (NEXAFS), X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments. The beamline has two branches that use a common elliptically polarizing undulator and monochromator. The beam is switched between the two branches by changing the focusing optics after the monochromator. Both branches have separate exit slits, refocusing optics and dedicated permanent endstations. This allows very fast switching between two types of experiments and offers a unique combination of the surface-sensitive XPS and bulk-sensitive RIXS techniques both in UHV- and at elevated ambient-pressure conditions on a single beamline. Another unique property of the beamline is that it reaches energies down to approximately 27 eV, which is not obtainable on other current APXPS beamlines. This allows, for instance, valence band studies under ambient-pressure conditions. In this article the main properties and performance of the beamline are presented, together with selected showcase experiments performed on the new setup.

  • Bor, Martin
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    Voigt, Thiemo
    RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Computer Systems Laboratory.
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