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  • Bring, Johan
    et al.
    Rönnegård, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Åldersbedömningar - en statistisk utmaning2018In: Folkvett, ISSN 0283-0795, no 1, p. 7-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Bahri, Leila
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Software and Computer systems, SCS.
    Girdzijauskas, Sarunas
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Software and Computer systems, SCS.
    When Trust Saves Enegry - A Reference Franework for Proof-of-Trust (PoT) Blockchains2018In: WWW '18 Companion Proceedings of the The Web Conference 2018, ACM Digital Library, 2018, p. 1165-1169Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchains are attracting the attention of many technical, financial, and industrial parties, as a promising infrastructure for achieving secure peer-to-peer (P2P) transactional systems. At the heart of blockchains is proof-of-work (PoW), a trustless leader election mechanism based on demonstration of computational power. PoW provides blockchain security in trusless P2P environments, but comes at the expense of wasting huge amounts of energy. In this research work, we question this energy expenditure of PoW under blockchain use cases where some form of trust exists between the peers. We propose a Proof-of-Trust (PoT) blockchain where peer trust is valuated in the network based on a trust graph that emerges in a decentralized fashion and that is encoded in and managed by the blockchain itself. This trust is then used as a waiver for the difficulty of PoW; that is, the more trust you prove in the network, the less work you do.

  • Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Achasov, M. N.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ahmed, S.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Albrecht, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Amoroso, A.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    An, F. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    An, Q.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Bai, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Bai, Y.
    Southeast Univ, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Bakina, O.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Ban, Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Bennett, D. W.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Bennett, J. V.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Berger, N.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Bertani, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Bettoni, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Bian, J. M.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Bianchi, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Boger, E.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Boyko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Briere, R. A.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Cai, H.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Cai, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Cakir, O.
    Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Calcaterra, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Cao, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Cetin, S. A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Chai, J.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Chang, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chelkov, G.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia.;Tomsk State Univ, Funct Elect Lab, Tomsk 634050, Russia..
    Chen, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, M. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, P. L.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Chen, S. J.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X. R.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chu, X. K.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Cibinetto, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Dai, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dai, J. P.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Minist Educ, Key Lab Particle Phys Astrophys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Dedovich, D.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Denig, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Denysenko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Destefanis, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    De Mori, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Ding, Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China..
    Dong, C.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Dong, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dong, L. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dong, M. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dou, Z. L.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Du, S. X.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China..
    Duan, P. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fang, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Farinelli, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.;Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Fava, L.
    Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Fegan, S.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Feldbauer, F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Felici, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Feng, C. Q.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Fioravanti, E.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Fritsch, M.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Fu, C. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, X. L.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Y.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Y. G.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Z.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Garzia, I.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Goetzen, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Gong, L.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Gong, W. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gradl, W.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Greco, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Gu, M. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Guo, A. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, R. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y. P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Haddadi, Z.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Han, S.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Hao, X. Q.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Harris, F. A.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    He, K. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    He, X. Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China..
    Heinsius, F. H.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Held, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Heng, Y. K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Holtmann, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Hou, Z. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Huang, G. S.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Huang, J. S.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Huang, X. T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Huang, X. Z.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Huang, Z. L.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China..
    Hussain, T.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Andersson, Walter Ikegami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Ji, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, Q. P.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. Y.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, J. B.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, Z.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Jin, D. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Jin, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Jin, Y.
    Univ Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Julin, A.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kang, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Kang, X. S.
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China.;Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ke, B. C.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Khan, T.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Khoukaz, A.
    Univ Munster, Wilhelm Klemm Str 9, D-48149 Munster, Germany..
    Kiese, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kliemt, R.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Koch, L.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Istanbul Arel Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Kopf, B.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kornicer, M.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Kuemmel, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kuessner, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kuhlmann, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Kuhn, W.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Lange, J. S.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Lara, M.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Larin, P.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Lavezzi, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Leithoff, H.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Leng, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Li, Cheng
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Li, D. M.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China..
    Li, F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, F. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Li, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, H. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, H. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, Jin
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Li, K. J.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Li, Kang
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Li, Ke
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Li, Lei
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China..
    Li, P. L.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Li, P. R.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, Q. Y.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. N.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Li, Z. B.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Liang, H.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. F.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. T.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Liao, G. R.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Lin, D. X.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Liu, B.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Liu, B. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, C. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, D.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Liu, F. H.
    Shanxi Univ, Taiyuan 030006, Shanxi, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Fang
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Feng
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. B.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Huanhuan
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Huihui
    Henan Univ Sci & Technol, Luoyang 471003, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. B.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. P.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Ke
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Liu, L. D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Liu, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Q.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, S. B.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Liu, X.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Y. B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Long, Y. F.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Lou, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lu, H. J.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Lu, J. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Luo, C. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Luo, M. X.
    Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Luo, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lyu, X. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, F. C.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China..
    Ma, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, L. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Ma, M. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Q. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. N.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Y. M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Maas, F. E.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Maggiora, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Malik, Q. A.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Mao, Y. J.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Mao, Z. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Marcello, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Meng, Z. X.
    Univ Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Mezzadri, G.
    Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Min, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Min, T. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Mo, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Mo, Y. J.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Morales, C. Morales
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Muramatsu, H.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Mustafa, A.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Nefedov, Y.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Nerling, F.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys SB RAS BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ning, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Nisar, S.
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Def Rd,Raiwind Rd, Lahore 54000, Pakistan..
    Niu, S. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Niu, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Olsen, S. L.
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China.;Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea.;Inst for Basic Sci Korea, Ctr Underground Phys, Daejeon 34126, South Korea..
    Ouyang, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Pacetti, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06100 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, I-06100 Perugia, Italy..
    Pan, Y.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Papenbrock, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Patteri, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Pellegrino, J.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Peng, H. P.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Peters, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany.;Goethe Univ Frankfurt, 0-60323 Frankfurt, Germany..
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Ping, J. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Ping, R. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Pitka, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Poling, R.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Prasad, V.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Qi, H. R.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Qi, M.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Qian, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qiao, C. F.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, N.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Qin, X. S.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Qin, Z. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qiu, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rashid, K. H.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.;Government Coll Women Univ, Sialkot 51310, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Redmer, C. F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Richter, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Ripka, M.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Rolo, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Rong, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rosner, Ch.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Sarantsev, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;PNPI, NRC Kurchatov Inst, Gatchina 188300, Russia..
    Savrie, M.
    Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Schnier, C.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Shan, W.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Shao, M.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Shen, C. P.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Shen, P. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Shen, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, J. J.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Song, W. M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Song, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sosio, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Sowa, C.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Spataro, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Sun, G. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, J. F.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Sun, L.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Sun, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. J.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. K.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. T.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Tang, C. J.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China..
    Tang, G. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Tang, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Tapan, I.
    Uludag Univ, TR-16059 Bursa, Turkey..
    Tiemens, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Tsednee, B.
    Inst Phys & Technol, Peace Ave 54B, Ulaanbaatar 13330, Mongol Peo Rep..
    Uman, I.
    Near East Univ, TR-10 Mersin, North Cyprus, Turkey..
    Varner, G. S.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Wang, B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, B. L.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Dan
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Meng
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, W. P.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Wang, X. F.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. D.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Y. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Zongyuan
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Weber, T.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wei, D. H.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Wei, J. H.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wen, S. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wiedner, U.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wu, L. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wu, L. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wu, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xia, L.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Xia, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, H.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Y. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Xie, Y. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xie, Y. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Xiong, X. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xiu, Q. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, J. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Q. J.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Q. N.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, X. P.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China..
    Yan, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Yan, W. B.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Yan, W. C.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Yan, Y. H.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. J.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Minist Educ, Key Lab Particle Phys Astrophys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yang, L.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y. H.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y. X.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M. H.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China..
    Yin, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    You, Z. Y.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Yu, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yu, C. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Yu, J. S.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuncu, A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Bogazici Univ, TR-34342 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Zafar, A. A.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Zeng, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China..
    Zeng, Z.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, D. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, L.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, S. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, X. Y.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. T.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Yang
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Yao
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Yu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Lei
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Ling
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, M. G.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, T. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Z. G.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Zheng, B.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, J. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhong, B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. K.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. R.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, J.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.;Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S. H.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.;Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, X. L.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.;Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. C.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhuang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zou, B. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zou, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Measurements of absolute branching fractions for D mesons decays into two pseudoscalar mesons2018In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 97, no 7, article id 072004Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a data sample of e(+)e(-) collision data with an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb(-1) taken at the center-of-mass energy root s = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage rings, we measure the absolute branching fractions of the two-body hadronic decays D+ -> pi(+)pi(0), K+pi(0), pi(+)eta., K+eta., pi(+)eta', K+eta', K-S(0)pi(+), (KSK+)-K-0, and D-0 -> pi(+)pi(-), K+ K-, K--/+pi(+/-), K-S(0)pi(0), K-S(0)eta, K-S(0)eta' Our results are consistent with previous measurements within uncertainties. Among them, the branching fractions for D+-> pi(+)pi(0), K+pi(0), pi(+)eta, pi(+)eta', (KSK+)-K-0, (KSK+)-K-0 and D-0 -> K-S(0)pi(0), K-S(0)eta, K-S(0)eta' are determined with improved precision compared to the world average values.

  • Public defence: 2018-08-31 09:00 Rudbecksalen, Uppsala
    Åström, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Dose Escalation with High Dose Rate Brachytherapy or Protons in Curative Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to study the outcome and side effects after dose-escalated radiotherapy with high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) or proton beam therapy (PBT) boost in prostate cancer.

    The first cohorts of men in Sweden treated with either HDR-BT or PBT in combination with conventional photon beam therapy (2 Gray (Gy) fractions to 50 Gy) were analysed. The HDR-BT was given with two 10 Gy fractions, and the PBT with four fractions of 5 Gy. The analyses included 823 men in two HDR-BT cohorts, and 265 men in the PBT cohort. A large proportion of the cohorts, from 38% to 53%, were classified as high risk. After a follow-up between four and eleven years, both combinations showed low risks for relapse. The overall 5-year risk for PSA relapse was 0% for men with low risk. After PBT, the 5-year PSA relapse risk for intermediate and high risk were 5% and 26% respectively. After HDR-BT the 10-year risks for PSA relapse were 0%, 21% and 33% for low, intermediate, and high risk, respectively.

    The risk for early and late toxicity was low. Genitourinary (GU) toxicity was more frequent than gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. GU toxicity may have a late onset and progress slowly with time after HDR-BT. The 5- and 10-year actuarial incidences of urethral stricture were 6% and 10% respectively after HDR-BT. With applied dose constraints to the urethra the 10-year risk was 5%. The actuarial prevalence of GI toxicity declined slowly with time after HDR-BT as well as after PBT.

    A PSA bounce after HDR-BT was seen in 26% of the patients, more frequent with younger age and lower Gleason score, and followed by a low risk for relapse.

    For dose-escalated radiotherapy with HDR-BT or PBT:

    • long-term tumour control was achieved, not only for low- and intermediate risk, but also for the majority of high risk patients,
    • a PSA bounce after HDR-BT was folled by a good prognosis,
    • levels of late toxicity were low,
    • genitourinary toxicity was more frequent than gastrointestinal toxicity,
    • dose constraints to risk organs must be applied to minimise risks for late toxicity.
  • Larsson, Esbjörn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Introduktionen av flickors värntjänstutbildning under andra världskriget: En studie av förändrade uppfattningar om kvinnors verksamhetssfär i det totala krigets tidsålder2018In: Gender, History, Futures: Report from the XI Nordic Women’s and Gender History Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, August 19–21 2015 / [ed] Daniel Nyström & Johanna Overud, Umeå: Sveriges kvinno- och genushistoriker , 2018, p. 199-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    Nordin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Öhrn, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Harder, Mette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå School of Architecture.
    Olsson, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Wahlström, Viktoria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Slunga Järvholm, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Slutrapport från AKTIKON-PROJEKTET i Örnsköldsviks kommun: Arbetsmiljö, fysisk aktivitet, hälsa och produktivitet i aktivitetsbaserad kontorsmiljö – en kontrollerad studie i Örnsköldsviks kommun2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Aktivitetsbaserat Kontor (AktiKon) har följt och utvärderat en förändringsprocess i Örnsköldsviks kommun där tjänstemännen i kommunen flyttade från cellkontor till antingen ett aktivitetsbaserat kontor (AB-kontor) eller ett cellkontor. Syftet med forskningsprojektet var att studera effekter på arbetsmiljö, fysisk aktivitet, hälsa och produktivitet i aktivitetsbaserad kontorsmiljö och kunna jämföra med fortsatt arbete i cellkontor. Mätningar med enkäter, fokusgruppsintervjuer, gåturer och observationer utfördes 6 mån före flytt och 6 respektive 18 månader efter flytt. Individuella intervjuer av personer med upplevd funktionsnedsättning utfördes ca 10 månader efter flytt. Rörelsemätningar utfördes vid fem olika tillfällen under flyttprocessen.

    I denna rapport har vi valt att redovisa enkätresultat från anställda som vi har kunnat följa över tid, d.v.s. individer där vi har resultat från enkät besvarad före flytt och från minst ett tillfälle efter flytt. Den ursprungliga studiepopulationen som studerades med denna metod bestod från början av 374 anställda och vid den sista uppföljningen, 18 månader efter flytt, av 152 anställda i AB-kontoret och 63 i cellkontoret. De två grupperna som flyttade till olika kontorsmiljöer var inte helt jämförbara. Exempelvis var det fler män och chefer som flyttade till AB-kontoret och yrkesgrupperna var inte heller lika, men alla som ingick i projektet var tjänstemän inom samma kommun.

    De som flyttade till AB-kontoret upplevde den nya kontorsmiljön som estetiskt tilltalande och luftkvaliteten god. De som flyttade till nya cellkontor hade utifrån kvalitativa intervjuer inte en lika positiv uppfattning vad gäller kontorets design och inredning.

    Arbetsbelastningen och olika typer av krav såg lika ut över tid för respektive grupp. Det var vid 18 månader efter flytt ingen skillnad jämfört med före flytt i hälsofrämjande arbetsfaktorer undersökta med WEMS-instrumentet (Work Experience Measurement Scale) för de som flyttat till AB-kontor. Det var inte heller någon skillnad över tid i jämförelse med de som flyttat till cellkontor. Datorstödet upplevdes mycket positivt av de som flyttade till AB-kontoret och de blev något mer nöjda än de som flyttade till cellkontor. Det fanns i AB-kontoret inte någon säker skillnad i upplevelse av samarbete mellan olika arbetsgrupper eller inom hela organisationen vid 18 månader efter flytt jämfört med utgångsläget och inte heller någon säker skillnad över tid jämfört med cellkontoret. De som flyttade till AB-kontor rapporterade efter flytten en ökad störning av ljud och besvär av bristande avskildhet. Man upplevde i genomsnitt en lägre produktivitet i AB-kontoret efter flytt och det fanns en skillnad mellan de två kontorstyperna över tid.

    Cheferna var generellt nöjda med att arbeta i AB-kontor och de upplevde inte någon minskad produktivitet vid övergång till AB-kontor. I genomsnitt blev det emellertid en minskad nöjdhet med kontorets utformning i gruppen som flyttade till AB-kontor. Nöjdheten med AB-kontoret varierade beroende på yrke och typ av arbetsuppgifter. De som hade mycket enskilt och koncentrationskrävande datorarbete upplevde mindre nöjdhet efter flytt och angav att de helst ville arbeta i cellkontor om de fick välja. De som arbetade mycket i grupp, behövde vara idérika och ofta diskuterade med kollegor föredrog att arbeta i AB-kontor. Bland dem som helst ville arbeta i cellkontor fanns det en ökad förekomst av problem med stress, långvarig utmattning och psykiska besvär.

    Det framkom ökade problem med koncentrationen hos de som flyttade till AB-kontor. Det fanns däremot inga säkra skillnader över tid mellan grupperna vad gäller skattning av allmän hälsa och förekomst av andra typer av besvär.

    Redan före flytten hade båda grupperna tillgång till höj- och sänkbara bord och det var vanligt att arbeta stående under en rätt stor del av arbetsdagen. Efter flytten ökade tiden i gående och antal steg något i AB-kontoret jämfört med cellkontoret. I AB-kontoret fanns tillgång till gå-band, men dessa användes endast av ett fåtal anställda. Den centralt belägna öppna trappan var omtyckt och användes mycket.

    Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att nöjdhet, preferens och produktivitet i AB-kontor varierar mycket beroende på vilka arbetsuppgifter man har. AB-kontoret fungerar särskilt bra för personer med ledningsuppdrag. För att AB-kontoret ska kunna fungera bra även för personer med funktionsnedsättning måste det finnas system för att fånga upp individuella problem och möjliggöra anpassningar vid behov. Detta gäller särskilt vid psykiska besvär och kognitiva svårigheter. Det är angeläget att det i AB-kontoret finns tillgång till stödytor och resurser i tillräcklig omfattning för alla de olika arbetsuppgifter som ska utföras.

    En viktig erfarenhet i projektet är betydelsen av att kunna beskriva den kontext som förändringen sker i. Genom att göra en processutvärdering har det funnits möjlighet att på ett adekvat sätt tolka och förstå de effekter som framkom vid övergång till AB-kontor.

    Framgångsfaktorer vid övergång till AB-kontor är noggrann kartläggning och analys före flytt, samverkan, delaktighet, överenskomna regler och förhållningssätt, och övergripande rutiner som inkluderar hela kontoret för det fortsatta arbetsmiljöarbetet.

  • Midtbøen, Arnfinn H.
    et al.
    Birkvad, Simon Roland
    Erdal, Marta Bivand
    Citizenship in the Nordic Countries: Past, Present, Future2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries have a century-long tradition for cooperation within the area of citizenship law. Since the mid-1970s, however, the Nordic countries have moved in different directions. Today, the Nordic countries represent the entire continuum in European citizenship policies – from liberal Sweden to restrictive Denmark, with the other Nordic neighbors in between. This report reviews the historical development and the current citizenship regime in the five Nordic countries, it provides statistics on the acquisition and loss of citizenship in each country over the past 10-15 years, and it offers a comparative analysis of the divergent development of citizenship law in the 2000s. The concluding chapter discusses possible consequences of the different citizenship regimes and the prospects for strengthened cooperation between the Nordic countries in the area of citizenship law.

  • Marques, Ana Patricia
    et al.
    NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal.
    Macedo, António Filipe
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry. University of Minho Braga, Portugal .
    Hernandez-Moreno, Laura
    University of Minho Braga, Portugal .
    Lima Ramos, Pedro
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry.
    Butt, Thomas
    University College London, UK ; Peking University, China .
    Rubin, Gary
    University College London, UK.
    Santana, Rui
    NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal.
    The use of informal care by people with vision impairment2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 6, article id e0198631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    To estimate and characterize the use of informal care by people with vision impairment in Portugal.

    Methods

    A total of 546 visually impaired individuals were recruited from Portuguese hospitals. Clinical information was obtained from medical records, socio-demographic details and informal care use were collected during face-to-face interviews. In addition, participants responded to a functional vision questionnaire (activity inventory) to assess their visual ability. Logistic regression was used to determine independent factors associated with informal care use and linear regression was used to determine independent predictors of intensity of informal care use.

    Results

    Informal care was reported by 39.6% of the participants. The probability of reporting informal care was higher in non-married, those with comorbidities, with lower visual ability and worse visual acuity. The median number of caregivers’ hours per year was 390 (mean = 470; 95%CI = 488–407), which represent a median opportunity cost of €2,586. Visual ability was the only independent predictor of number of hours of informal care received.

    Conclusions

    Informal care was frequently used by individuals with impaired vision. Improving visual ability of people with impaired vision when performing valued activities may reduce the burden of visual loss at personal and societal level. This could be achieved with person-centred visual rehabilitation.

  • Sandberg, Mats
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Wigö, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Kabanshi, Alan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Is Building Ventilation a Process of Diluting Contaminants or Delivering Clean Air?2018In: Excellent Indoor Climate and High Performing Ventilation / [ed] Risto Kosonen, Mervi Ahola and Jarkko Narvanne, 2018, p. 253-258Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to discuss the performance of air distribution systems intended for dilution of contaminants and those intended for delivery of clean air to local regions within rooms. At first the systems are distinguished by their visiting frequency behaviour. The performance of the systems with respect to their possibility to influence the concentration due to contaminants is dealt with by the concept dilution capacity for mixing systems and by introduction of the concept delivery capacity for systems intended for delivery of clean air locally. Various ways of realizing systems for supply of clean air to regions within a room are presented and their pros and cons are discussed.  The most important single parameter is the entrainment of ambient air into the primary flow that drives the airflow in the room.   

  • Kabanshi, Alan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Sandberg, Mats
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Wigö, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Measurement of Entrainment into an Axisymmetric Jet using Temperature as a Tracer: A Pilot Study2018In: Excellent Indoor Climate and High Performing Ventilation / [ed] Risto Kosonen, Mervi Ahola and Jarkko Narvanne, 2018, p. 397-402Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current extended abstract is a pilot study of an ongoing experimental and theoretical investigation of ambient entrainment of room air into an axisymmetric free jet using temperature as a tracer. The project aims to investigate, by revisiting the concepts and fundamentals of axisymmetric free Jets and entrainment in ventilation applications, particularly focusing on how to optimize performance of low mixing air distribution systems and to test methods of measuring entrainment in such systems. The study aims to explore a scalar field method using temperature as a tracer to estimate entrainment in axisymmetric free Jets. The results obtained show jet characteristics that slightly differ from what is reported in velocity field measurements and other scalar field studies. Thus, a call is made herein for further investigations to understand entrainment and appropriate methods to determine jet characteristics and its mixing effect. Additionally, more studies are needed to verify whether earlier results are representative of entrainment conditions for low mixing ventilation systems whose operation mode depend on near-filed characteristics of jets.

  • Mari, Isabelle
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Developing trust among family owners in multiple branches family firms2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies trust in Multiple Branches Family Firms. It focuses on a form of trust that has received little attention: collective trust (Kramer 2010). Drawing on self-categorization theory (Tajfel and Turner 1986; 1987), the relational models of procedural justice (Blader and Tyler 2015), and the Economies of Worth (Boltanski and Thévenot 1986, 1991), this dissertation provides a framework for understanding how collective trust evolves when groups branch out. It sheds light on the role of the leader(s) in this process. This study investigates how changes in identity perception – due to changes in group’s structure – can erode collective trust, and the procedures the leader(s) can create to maintain identification with the group, as well as collective trust. Empirically, the study is based on in-depth and interpretive case studies of collective trust erosion and maintenance in four family firms. The evolution of the relationships between family members in the family and business contexts is apprehended through in-depth interviews. When the family branches out, family leaders tend to develop formalities to maintain collective trust. These formalities aim to reduce family members’ perception of vulnerability, and address the changes in identity that family members experience over time. As the family evolves, family members develop varying identifications, moving from Family to Branch identification. Over the years, Family identification tends to decline leading to Family collective trust erosion. Family leaders can create procedures to maintain superordinate group (SOG) identification, and collective trust. Three forms of identification emerged: The Family SOG, The Professionalized Family SOG, and The Family Owners SOG.

    This study offers a new perspective on trust erosion and maintenance with a consideration for the group level as a source and object of trust. Two distinct forms of trust erosion emerged: one deriving from a perception of leaders’ unfair treatment towards group members, and the other one from gradual changes in group members’ identity perception of one another. In these processes of trust erosion, I identified two triggers: the denunciation of the familial nature of the family leaders’ procedures in business situations, and the denunciation of family leaders’ illegitimate ways of qualifying family members. They result from family members’ changes in identification when the family branches out. Family leaders can avoid that trust erodes through the generation of new salient superordinate group identifications that address family members’ changes in identity perception.

  • Holmberg, John
    et al.
    Larsson, Jörgen
    Nässén, Jonas
    Svenberg, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Andersson, David
    Low-carbon transitions and the good life2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A transition to a low-carbon economy requires farreaching reductions in emissions, which in addition will have to take place at the same time as the global population is growing. A growing population also makes ever greater demands on welfare, while the ecological, social and economic systems that have to sustain this development are already under severe strain. It is commonly argued that emission reductions in a growing world economy can and should be achieved by technical innovations so that the transition to a low-carbon economy does not imply a negative impact on human well-being.

    This report discusses whether there might perhaps be another way of understanding the situation. Is the presumed linkage between well-being and climate impact always negative? Could a greater focus on human well-being be a driver of, rather than an obstacle to, sustainable development? This report attempts to identify possible strategies to support both [the good life] and decreased emissions. By adopting this research approach, the authors aim to make a contribution to the discussion of low-carbon transitions in society.

  • Farbmacher, Helmut
    et al.
    Max Planck Gesell, Munich Ctr Econ Aging, Munich, Germany;Univ Mannheim, Dept Econ, Mannheim, Germany.
    Guber, Raphael
    Max Planck Gesell, Munich Ctr Econ Aging, Munich, Germany.
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Increasing the credibility of the twin birth instrument2018In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 457-472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twin births are an important instrument for the endogenous fertility decision. However, twin births are not exogenous either as dizygotic twinning is correlated with maternal characteristics. Following the medical literature, we assume that monozygotic twins are exogenous, and construct a new instrument, which corrects for the selection although monozygotic twinning is usually unobserved in survey and administrative datasets. Using administrative data from Sweden, we show that the usual twin instrument is related to observed and unobserved determinants of economic outcomes, while our new instrument is not. In our applications we find that the classical twin instrument underestimates the negative effect of fertility on labor income. This finding is in line with the observation that high earners are more likely to delay childbearing and hence have a higher risk to get dizygotic twins.

  • Arnold, Oliver
    et al.
    Otto Von Guericke Univ, POB 4120, D-39106 Magdeburg, Germany.
    Kibbe, Alexandra
    Otto Von Guericke Univ, POB 4120, D-39106 Magdeburg, Germany.
    Hartig, Terry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kaiser, Florian G.
    Otto Von Guericke Univ, Personal & Social Psychol, Magdeburg, Germany.
    Capturing the Environmental Impact of Individual Lifestyles: Evidence of the Criterion Validity of the General Ecological Behavior Scale2018In: Environment and Behavior, ISSN 0013-9165, E-ISSN 1552-390X, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 350-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do behavioral measures of ecological lifestyles reflect actual environmental impact? Three convenience samples of German adults (N = 881) completed such a measure, the General Ecological Behavior (GEB) scale. Their household electricity consumption was self-reported (Study 1), assessed by a smart-meter (Study 2), or reported by the power company (Study 3). The latter two studies controlled for income, which can boost consumption just as it opens possibilities for behaving ecologically. Within and across studies, analyses revealed a negative association between self-reported ecological behavior and electricity consumption (-.18 rs -.22), even with adjustment for income. Furthermore, customers in a green electricity program reported more ecological engagement and consumed one third less electricity than did regular customers. These results indicate the criterion validity of the GEB scale for a highly practically relevant criterion and encourage the use of generic behavior measures in efforts to understand and foster more ecological lifestyles.

  • Sjögren, Bengt
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Från fiskläge till förort: Bebyggelseutveckling i Öckerö Kommun1981Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att studera och skildra den här antydda förändringsprocessen, samt att försöka belysa i vad mån denna utveckling har varit spontan eller i vad mån försök har gjorts att styra utvecklingen.

  • Ejhed, Helene
    et al.
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Palm Cousins, Anna
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Köhler, Stephan J.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Huser, Brian
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Westerberg, Ida
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Feasibility study of net load of metals: Particulate fraction and retention of metals in lakes and rivers2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The load of metals on the water environment is dependent on the gross load from

    primary and secondary sources, but also on the transport and fate of the metals

    within the water environment. The target in this study was to investigate the possibility

    to use retention models/methods of metal loads on national scale with the

    relatively high resolution needed to fulfil international reporting obligations of

    Sweden. This study has been focusing on literature studies on the processes of

    retention of metals, testing of two retention models and a mass balance approach.

    Specific attention has been given to add knowledge of particulate, colloid and dissolved

    forms of metals in Swedish rivers and lakes.

    The metal retention studies found in literature indicate a large variation of retention

    of metals, from a few per cent up to nearly 100%, but the retention is relatively

    constant in the order of magnitude between the different metals. The retention

    order is in most studies Pb>Cd, Zn, Cu>Ni, Cr. The retention in the Swedish large

    lake Mälaren has been calculated to max Cd 60%, Zn 50 % and Cu 30%. In Lake

    Vättern the retention has been calculated in one study to Cd 60% and Hg 97%. The

    tributaries to the large lakes are not completely monitored and the retention tests

    could therefore not be performed on the large lakes within this study. Metals are

    retained by the burial in the sediments. Several authors in literature successfully

    use water residence time to describe the retention by models and point out the importance

    of grain size and particulate forms of metal. The focus of continued work

    should mainly be on those parameters.

    The particulate fraction of metals Al, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb in Swedish lakes and

    rivers was further investigated within this study using two different approaches;

    empirical regression approach by linear regression and partial least square analysis

    and chemical speciation approach by the program VisualMinteq. The results

    showed that linear regression models are most useful for estimating the particulate

    fraction of metals and should be used for all metals until a better chemical characterization

    of the particulate fraction becomes available. The efficiency with which

    the concentration of the particulate concentration of the various metals can be predicted

    using linear equations is good for the metals Al, Fe and Pb, acceptable for

    Zn and Ni, but poor for Cu. Further, a limited study has been performed of the

    changes of the Pb carrier colloids such as ferrihydroxide particles and organic carbon

    using so called snapshot samplings upstream and downstream lakes. This data

    suggests that losses of organic matter from soils within the landscape may significantly

    affect the load of Pb. In this study the organic bound Pb was retained in

    watercourses to a larger degree than minerogenic bound Pb. Further investigations

    of these types of observations at other sites and for other metals are strongly suggested.

    9

    Two dynamic process-based metal retention models, the Lindström and Håkanson

    model and the QWASI model, were successfully tested on Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu in

    three lakes within this study, and one mass balance program (FlowNorm), was

    successfully tested on six rivers stretches. Only a few lakes were nationally available

    with the critera of several years inlet and outlet monitoring of metals. An expanded

    selective criteria described in this study will increase the number of available

    sites for calibration and validation in the future. The tested lake retention models

    Lindström & Håkanson and the QWASI model give comparable results specifically

    in the outlet concentration and predict the concentrations from two lakes,

    Innaren and Vidöstern well for all metals. Both models largely over-predict the

    outlet concentrations of Lake Södra Bergundasjön, which has been evaluated to be

    due to errors in the calculated gross load to that lake. The tests thus show the importance

    of calculation of retention as a tool to validate and correct gross load estimations.

    The Lindström and Håkanson model was further tested in this study by

    sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, and the results showed that the model was

    most sensitive to variations of the gross load. The retention models are furthermore

    dynamic and are a useful tool to predict responses in changes of the load, illustrated

    in a scenario example of lake Innaren and lake Vidöstern. The Lindström and

    Håkanson model requires less indata and is therefore recommended for future

    work.

    For the river retention program FlowNorm there were only a few paired stream

    stations present and even fewer data available for use in calculating potential retention

    of metals in stream reaches. A different type of selection of sites along different

    stream reaches is necessary to quantify metal retention. The sites available for

    this study did show, however, that retention can occur for metals in streams, to

    varying degrees. Future work should thus regard metal retention in both lakes and

    rivers.

    Recommendations for future work:

    - The linear regression models are most useful for estimating the particulate

    fraction of metals.

    - Further investigation of the colloid carrier and particulate fractions, as performed

    for Pb in this study, at other sites and for other metals, which further

    includes recommendations to increase the data by:

    - Sampling of sediments in the areas where synoptic sampling was

    done.

    - Sampling of filtrated and unfiltrated samples in the areas where the

    synoptic sampling was done.

    - It is strongly recommended to continue the work on retention of metals to

    improve the gross load calculations.

    - Increase the number of sites for modeling using suggested criteria.

    10

    - Apply the Lindström and Håkanson model on national scale.

  • Fröidh, Oskar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Jonsson, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, System Analysis and Economics.
    Andersson, Josef
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
    Lokalisering av järnvägsstationer – effekter för samhällsplanering, resande och tillgänglighet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    14 ny- eller ombyggda stationer för i första hand fjärrtrafik och långväga regionaltrafik med sedan 1990 kraftigt förbättrat tågutbud har valts ut i studien: Från söder till norr Malmö Hyllie, Triangeln och Malmö C, Laholm, Flemingsberg, Södertälje syd, Läggesta, Strängnäs, Eskilstuna C, Bålsta, Uppsala C, Söderhamn, Umeå Ö och Umeå C. Analysen omfattar tre huvuddelar: Dels 1) en analys av avresande tågresenärers resvanor och värderingar, dels 2) en morfologisk studie över samhällsstrukturens förändringar 1993–2013 och kommunernas översiktsplaner, och för stationerna i Mälardalen dels 3) en modellanalys av förändringar i trafik och tillgänglighet vid alternativ lokalisering.

    Sammanfattningsvis tyder studien på att valet av lokalisering av nya stationer får effekter för samhället när det gäller samhällsstruktur, resenärernas nöjdhet, resvanor och färdmedelsval och tillgänglighet till arbetsplatser och service, vilket påverkar järnvägssystemets attraktivitet och därmed reseefterfrågan. Centralt eller urbant lokaliserade stationer framstår därmed som mer attraktiva och bättre ur systemsynpunkt än perifert lokaliserade stationer.

    Anledningen till att perifera stationer tillkommer är dock att man vill minska anläggningskostnaderna eller intrång i redan bebyggd miljö jämfört med en urban lokalisering. När detta blir aktuellt är det viktigt med bra anslutande kollektivtrafik och andra stödjande strategier för bland annat exploatering. Föreliggande studie tillför dock argument att värdera de positiva effekterna av en urbant lokaliserad station högre än idag.

    Vi har identifierat möjligheter att vidareutveckla metoderna för att utvärdera effekterna av stationslokalisering inom fler områden. Det går också införa analyserna i lokaliseringsutredningar för att förbättra beslutsunderlaget i framtida val av stationslokalisering.

  • Jagtap, Santosh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Shaping products: Differences between expert and novice industrial designers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of shaping a product's visual appearance is crucial in determining consumer response. However, extant research on the nature of expertise in this process is scarce. Specifically, there is absence of studies investigating differences between how expert and novice industrial designers use information in this process. This research, using think aloud method, compared informational behaviour of an expert and a novice industrial designer in shaping products. We report rich qualitative accounts of their informational behaviour, revealing a sharp contrast between them.

  • Elmerot, Irene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Är en zigenare mer oanpassningsbar än en rom?: En pilotstudieom kollokationer för orden cikán och rom i modern, tjeckisk tidningstext2016In: Slovo : Journal of Slavic Languages and Literatures, ISSN 0348-744X, E-ISSN 2001-7359, Vol. 57, p. 9-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the linguistic Othering of Roma people in a large corpus of modern newspaper and magazine texts in Czech. The texts that form the basis of the chosen corpus are taken from the Czech Republic’s largest daily newspapers and some of the largest magazines, which have sizable readerships. Answers to my hypotheses and questions about adjectives are given from a purely statistical perspective. Although more negative than positive adjectives are found before both studied terms – Rom and Cikán, many are neutral or stereotypically neutral. This study demonstrates how corpus linguistics can contribute to research into Othering, since the method used provides results from a substantial amount of basic data. The results are in line with previous research, and confirm it by means of an analysis of a large amount of data.

  • Perez, Miguel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    A teacher-centred design system to integrate digital technologies in secondary mathematics classrooms2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite efforts made by teachers and researchers, studies show that digital technologies have not improved conditions for teaching and learning mathematics to the degree expected by stakeholders inside as well as outside the school system.

    In this research, the problem of the integration of digital technologies is addressed through the perspective of design. It sets out to explore the conditions where educational design researchers may succeed in producing valuable and sustainable contributions to teacher change. The design approach developed and used for this purpose is Agile Educational Design (AED). It shares many of the common features of other design methodologies within the field; however, the AED approach is an explicit systems approach to design based on the Singerian philosophy of design. Rather than focus on ready-made products or other resources such as curriculum material, professional development or design principles, the focus is on processes and supporting teachers’ operationalisation of theoretical principles to achieve change. It is argued that all phases of the design process need to be considered from a research perspective. The developmental phases cannot be treated as uncomplicated inputs that only serve as a ‘design base’ for research activities. The Anthropological Theory of the Didactic is used as an overall theoretical framework to describe all aspects of the design process and to analyse the empirical data which consists of three design cycles related to three different ways of interacting with teachers. The design cycles were carried out in various settings, including different schools (secondary level) and with different teachers and different learning objectives. The dynamic geometry software GeoGebra was used in all three cycles.

    The results highlight some of the internal and external constraints that hinder teachers from integrating digital technologies in an effective way to support students learning mathematics. Digital technologies introduce important epistemological changes in the mathematical content that may explain some of the teachers’ difficulties in exploiting the full potential of digital technologies. However, giving teachers the responsibility for orchestrating lessons in accordance with theoretical principles provided by a researcher showed promising results regarding achieving sustainable changes in teachers’ practices. 

  • Golshan, Behrooz
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics. Linnaeus university.
    Digital Capability and Business Model Reconfiguration: a co-evolutionary perspective2018Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While IT-enabled innovations continue to disrupt long-lasting industries, emerging concepts and theories seek to explain implications of digitalisation on its value, competition and organisation. Over the past two decades, the notions of digital capability and business model reconfiguration as antecedents of organisational performance have become increasingly influential in the Information Systems literature. Appreciation of the role of strategic agility, external resources and interorganisational collaborations on IT-enabled value propositions has shaped the core logic and fundamental assumptions of the two aforementioned concepts. Nevertheless, the relationship between digital capability and business model reconfiguration remains underinvested and largely elusive. In order to reconcile such fragmented literature, the aim of this study is to investigate the coevolutionary dynamics of digital capability and business model reconfigurations.

    Digital capability reflects on the organisational ability to identify IT-enabled opportunities and deploy IS/IT to mobilise resources and structures in order to exploit those opportunities. Business model reconfiguration encapsulates management agenda to elevate value propositions for customers, partners and other stakeholders in order to create and capture value. It entails altering organisational resources and processes to enable such value propositions.

    Empirical data that is used in this thesis is gathered from an insurance company and contains information about the internal and external contexts, decisions, actions and performance between 2008 and 2016. There are four major phases during this time period. As identified, during each, the company revised its strategic intentions, invested in new IS/IT and human resources and reconfigured its business model.

    Results of this study illustrate that organisational digital capability drives strategic intentions for co-exploration and co-exploitation of value with partners. Such emerging strategies shape the configuration of the firm’s business model, which in turn leads to investments for generating the required IS competencies. This process increases the organisational digital capability, which affects the future cycles.

    Development of each IS competency is a result of co- exploration strategies. It is likely that such IS competencies are leveraged for co-exploitation in the future phases. In addition, Business-to-Business (B2B) IS competencies are instrumental in operationalising business models: however, as the number of partners grow and configuration of business models change, dyadic connections are likely to be replaced by standard ones.         

    Strategies of co-exploration and co-exploitation could lead to innovative, adoptive or evolutionary business model reconfigurations. However, for incumbent organisations, business model innovation seems to follow several business model adaptations and evolutions. That is, a great deal of organisational learning and tinkering with business models, strategic intentions and technological backbone is needed to innovate business models.

    The final contribution of this research is the analytical model devised for exploring the essence of strategic decision making in dynamic environments. Based on the Appreciative Systems Model, the model illustrates how the perception of the constant flux of events and ideas leads to strategic intentions based on value and reality judgments, which in turn triggers action to operationalise those understandings. Both formulating the intentions and executing them will change future events, perceived ideas and emerging intentions based on evolving values and standards.

  • Enroth, Stefan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Maturi, Varun
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
    Berggrund, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Bosdotter Enroth, Sofia
    Med Prod Agcy, POB 26, SE-75103 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Moustakas, Aristidis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
    Johansson, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Gyllensten, Ulf B.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Systemic and specific effects of antihypertensive and lipid-lowering medication on plasma protein biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases2018In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, article id 5531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A large fraction of the adult population is on lifelong medication for cardiovascular disorders, but the metabolic consequences are largely unknown. This study determines the effects of common anti-hypertensive and lipid lowering drugs on circulating plasma protein biomarkers. We studied 425 proteins in plasma together with anthropometric and lifestyle variables, and the genetic profile in a cross-sectional cohort. We found 8406 covariate-protein associations, and a two-stage GWAS identified 17253 SNPs to be associated with 109 proteins. By computationally removing variation due to lifestyle and genetic factors, we could determine that medication, per se, affected the abundance levels of 35.7% of the plasma proteins. Medication either affected a single, a few, or a large number of protein, and were found to have a negative or positive influence on known disease pathways and biomarkers. Anti-hypertensive or lipid lowering drugs affected 33.1% of the proteins. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors showed the strongest lowering effect by decreasing plasma levels of myostatin. Cell-culture experiments showed that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors reducted myostatin RNA levels. Thus, understanding the effects of lifelong medication on the plasma proteome is important both for sharpening the diagnostic precision of protein biomarkers and in disease management.

  • Lindahl, Göran
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Altenburg, Carl-Ove
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Wretblad, Lars-Erik
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Sjöström, John
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Bedoire, Fredric
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Bäckström, Hans
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Jensfelt, Hans
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Nisser, Marie
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Eckered, Mikaela
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Leander, Lena
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Uhlén, Björn
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Svensson, Tomas
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Sjöström, John
    Royal Institute of Art.
    Centrala Jönköping: Den Nordiska Trästaden1972Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsthögskolans Arkitektur skola har under studieåret 1971-72 behandlat förnyelseproblemen i centrala Jönköping. Huvudvikten har lagts vid de problem som uppstått vid över gången från 60-talets överhettade konjunktur till 70-talets mera dämpade. I denna situation framstår det som naturligt att begränsa eller hejda den omdaningsprocess i Jönköpings centrala de­lar, som i så hög grad varit ett uttryck för de expansiva årens förvänt­ningar. Denna typ av restriktiv planering förutsätter en mycket detaljerad kunskap om den befintliga bebyggelsen och dess utnyttjande. Föreliggande arbete bygger således på inventeringar, genomförda på platsen, och på tillgängligt utredningsmaterial som förmedlats av kommunens tjänstemän. Studierna har koncentrerats till två områden i staden, som representerar var sitt skede i Jönköpings byggnadshistoria, och som också bedömts möj­liga att bevara.

  • Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Achasov, M. N.
    RAS, SB, BINP, GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.
    Ahmed, S.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Albrecht, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Alekseev, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Amoroso, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany;Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    An, F. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    An, Q.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Bai, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Bai, Y.
    Southeast Univ, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Bakina, O.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Ban, Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Bennett, D. W.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA.
    Bennett, J. V.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA.
    Berger, N.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Bertani, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Bettoni, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
    Bian, J. M.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.
    Bianchi, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Boger, E.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.
    Boyko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.
    Briere, R. A.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA.
    Cai, H.
    Cai, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Cakir, O.
    Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey.
    Calcaterra, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Cao, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Cetin, S. A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Chai, J.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Chang, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Chelkov, G.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia;Tomsk State Univ, Funct Elect Lab, Tomsk 634050, Russia.
    Chen, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Chen, H. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Chen, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Chen, M. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Chen, S. J.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Chen, X. R.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China.
    Chen, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Chu, X. K.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Cibinetto, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
    Dai, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Dai, J. P.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Minist Educ, Key Lab Particle Phys Astrophys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Dedovich, D.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Denig, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Denysenko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.
    Destefanis, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    De Mori, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Ding, Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
    Dong, C.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Dong, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Dong, L. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Dong, M. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Dorjkhaidav, O.
    Inst Phys & Technol, Peace Ave 54B, Ulaanbaatar 13330, Mongol Peo Rep.
    Dou, Z. L.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Du, S. X.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China.
    Duan, P. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Fang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Fang, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Fang, X.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Fang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Farinelli, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy;Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
    Fava, L.
    Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Fegan, S.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Feldbauer, F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Felici, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Feng, C. Q.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Fioravanti, E.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
    Fritsch, M.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Fu, C. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Gao, X. L.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Y.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Y. G.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Z.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Garillon, B.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Garzia, I.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
    Goetzen, K.
    GSI Helmholtzcentre Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany.
    Gong, L.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Gong, W. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Gradl, W.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Greco, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Gu, M. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Gu, S.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China.
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China.
    Guo, A. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Guo, L. B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Guo, R. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Guo, Y. P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Haddadi, Z.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands.
    Han, S.
    Hao, X. Q.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China.
    Harris, F. A.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
    He, K. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    He, X. Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China.
    Heinsius, F. H.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Held, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Heng, Y. K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Holtmann, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Hou, Z. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Hu, C.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Hu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Hu, J. F.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Minist Educ, Key Lab Particle Phys Astrophys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.
    Hu, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Hu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Huang, G. S.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Huang, J. S.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China.
    Huang, S. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Huang, X. T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Huang, X. Z.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Z. L.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
    Hussain, T.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.
    Andersson, Walter Ikegami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Ji, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ji, Q. P.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China.
    Ji, X. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ji, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Jiang, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Jiang, X. Y.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Jiao, J. B.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Jiao, Z.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China.
    Jin, D. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Jin, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Y.
    Univ Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Julin, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands.
    Kang, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Kang, X. S.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands.
    Ke, B. C.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA.
    Khan, T.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Khoukaz, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Munster, Wilhelm Klemm Str 9, D-48149 Munster, Germany.
    Kiese, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Kliemt, R.
    GSI Helmholtzcentre Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany.
    Koch, L.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany.
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey;Istanbul Arel Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Kopf, B.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Kornicer, M.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
    Kuemmel, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Kuhlmann, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Kuhn, W.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany.
    Lange, J. S.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany.
    Lara, M.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA.
    Larin, P.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Lavezzi, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Leithoff, H.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Leng, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Li, Cheng
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Li, D. M.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China.
    Li, F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, F. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Li, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, H. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, H. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, Jin
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea.
    Li, K.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China;Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Li, K. J.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Li, Lei
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China.
    Li, P. L.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Li, P. R.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, Q. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China;Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Li, T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Li, W. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, W. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, X. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Li, X. N.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, X. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Li, Z. B.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Liang, H.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Liang, Y. F.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China.
    Liang, Y. T.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany.
    Liao, G. R.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China.
    Libby, J.
    Indian Inst Technol Madras, IIT PO, Madras 600036, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Lin, D. X.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Liu, B.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Minist Educ, Key Lab Particle Phys Astrophys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.
    Liu, B. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, C. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, D.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Liu, F. H.
    Shanxi Univ, Taiyuan 030006, Shanxi, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Fang
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Feng
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Liu, H. B.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China.
    Liu, H. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Henan Univ Sci & Technol, Luoyang 471003, Peoples R China.
    Liu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, J. B.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Liu, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, K.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Ke
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Liu, L. D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Liu, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Q.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, S. B.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Liu, X.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Y. B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Long, Y. F.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Lou, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Lu, H. J.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China.
    Lu, J. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Lu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Lu, Y. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Luo, C. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Luo, M. X.
    Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.
    Luo, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Lyu, X. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ma, F. C.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
    Ma, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ma, L. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Ma, M. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ma, Q. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ma, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ma, X. N.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Ma, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ma, Y. M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Maas, F. E.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Maggiora, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Malik, Q. A.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.
    Mao, Y. J.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Mao, Z. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Marcello, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Meng, Z. X.
    Univ Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands.
    Mezzadri, G.
    Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.
    Min, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Min, T. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA.
    Mo, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Mo, Y. J.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Morales, C.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Morello, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    RAS, SB, BINP, GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.
    Muramatsu, H.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.
    Mustafa, A.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Nefedov, Y.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.
    Nerling, F.
    GSI Helmholtzcentre Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany.
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    RAS, SB, BINP, GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.
    Ning, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Nisar, S.
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Def Rd,Raiwind Rd, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
    Niu, S. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Niu, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Olsen, S. L.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea.
    Ouyang, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Pacetti, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06100 Perugia, Italy;Univ Perugia, I-06100 Perugia, Italy.
    Pan, Y.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Papenbrock, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Patteri, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy.
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Pellegrino, J.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Peng, H. P.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Peters, K.
    GSI Helmholtzcentre Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany;Goethe Univ Frankfurt, D-60323 Frankfurt, Germany.
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Ping, J. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Ping, R. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Pitka, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Poling, R.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.
    Prasad, V.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Qi, H. R.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Qi, M.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Qi, T. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Qian, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Qiao, C. F.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Qin, N.
    Qin, X. S.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Qin, Z. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Qiu, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Rashid, K. H.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan;Women Univ, Govt Coll, Sialkot 51310, Punjab, Pakistan.
    Redmer, C. F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Richter, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Ripka, M.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Rolo, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Rong, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Rosner, Ch.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Sarantsev, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia;PNPI, NRC Kurchatov Inst, Gatchina 188300, Russia.
    Savrie, M.
    Schnier, C.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Schoenning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Shan, W.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Shao, M.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Shen, C. P.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Shen, P. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Shen, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Song, J. J.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Song, W. M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Song, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sosio, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Sowa, C.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Spataro, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Sun, G. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sun, J. F.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China.
    Sun, L.
    Sun, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sun, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Y. J.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Y. K.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Z. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Z. T.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA.
    Tang, C. J.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China.
    Tang, G. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Tang, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Tapan, I.
    Uludag Univ, TR-16059 Bursa, Turkey.
    Tiemens, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands.
    Tsednee, B. T.
    Inst Phys & Technol, Peace Ave 54B, Ulaanbaatar 13330, Mongol Peo Rep.
    Uman, I.
    Near East Univ Nicosia, North Cyprus 10, Mersin, Turkey.
    Varner, G. S.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
    Wang, B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, B. L.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Wang, D. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Dan
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, L. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, L. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Wang, P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, W. P.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Wang, X. F.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Y.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Y. D.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Wang, Y. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Wang, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Z. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Z. H.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Zongyuan
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Weber, T.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Wei, D. H.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China.
    Wei, J. H.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.
    Wen, S. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wiedner, U.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Wu, L. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wu, L. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xia, L.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Xia, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China.
    Xiao, D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xiao, H.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China.
    Xiao, Y. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Xie, X. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Xie, Y. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xie, Y. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Xiong, X. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xiu, Q. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xu, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xu, J. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xu, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xu, Q. J.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.
    Xu, Q. N.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Xu, X. P.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China.
    Yan, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Yan, W. B.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Yan, W. C.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Yan, Y. H.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China.
    Yang, H. J.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Minist Educ, Key Lab Particle Phys Astrophys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.
    Yang, H. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Yang, L.
    Yang, Y. H.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Yang, Y. X.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China.
    Ye, M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Ye, M. H.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
    Yin, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    You, Z. Y.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Yu, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Yu, C. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Yu, J. S.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China.
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Yuan, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Yun, A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey;Bogazici Univ, TR-34342 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Zafar, A. A.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.
    Zeng, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China.
    Zeng, Z.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, C. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, D. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, H. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, J. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, L.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, S. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, X. Y.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Y. T.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Yu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Zhao, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Lei
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Ling
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, M. G.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, T. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Z. G.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia.
    Zheng, B.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany;Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China.
    Zheng, J. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zheng, W. J.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhong, B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Zhou, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhou, X.
    Zhou, X. K.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhou, X. R.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, J.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, K. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, S. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, X. L.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, Y. C.
    State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zhuang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zou, B. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Zou, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Improved measurements of X-cJ -> Sigma(+) (Sigma)over-bar(-) and Sigma(0)(Sigma)over-bar(0) decays2018In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 97, no 5, article id 052011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a data sample of (448.1 +/- 2.9) x 10(6) psi (3686) events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we present measurements of branching fractions for the decays X-cJ -> Sigma(+) (Sigma) over bar (-) and Sigma(0) (Sigma) over bar (0) The decays X-c1.2 -> Sigma(+) (Sigma) over bar (-) and Sigma (Sigma) over bar (0) are observed for the first time, and the branching fractions for X-c0 -> Sigma(+) (Sigma) over bar (-) and Sigma(0) (Sigma) over bar (0) decays are measured with improved precision. The branching fraction ratios between the charged and neutral modes are consistent with the prediction of isospin symmetry.

  • Svenberg, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sent på jorden2017In: Röda rummet, ISSN 1403–3844, Vol. 173-174, no 1-2, p. 10-11Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Arnal, Louise
    et al.
    Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading RG6 6AB, Berks, England.;European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Pk, Reading RG6 9AX, Berks, England..
    Cloke, Hannah L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading RG6 6AB, Berks, England.;Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, Reading RG6 6BB, Berks, England.;CNDS, Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci, S-75236 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Stephens, Elisabeth
    Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading RG6 6AB, Berks, England..
    Wetterhall, Fredrik
    European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Pk, Reading RG6 9AX, Berks, England..
    Prudhomme, Christel
    European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Pk, Reading RG6 9AX, Berks, England.;Loughborough Univ Technol, Dept Geog, Loughborough LE11 3TU, Leics, England.;NERC Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Wallingford OX10 8BB, Oxon, England..
    Neumann, Jessica
    Univ Reading, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Reading RG6 6AB, Berks, England..
    Krzeminski, Blazej
    European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Pk, Reading RG6 9AX, Berks, England..
    Pappenberger, Florian
    European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Pk, Reading RG6 9AX, Berks, England..
    Skilful seasonal forecasts of streamflow over Europe?2018In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, ISSN 1027-5606, E-ISSN 1607-7938, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 2057-2072Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers whether there is any added value in using seasonal climate forecasts instead of historical meteorological observations for forecasting streamflow on seasonal timescales over Europe. A Europe-wide analysis of the skill of the newly operational EFAS (European Flood Awareness System) seasonal streamflow forecasts (produced by forcing the Lisflood model with the ECMWF System 4 seasonal climate forecasts), benchmarked against the ensemble streamflow prediction (ESP) forecasting approach (produced by forcing the Lisflood model with historical meteorological observations), is undertaken. The results suggest that, on average, the System 4 seasonal climate forecasts improve the streamflow predictability over historical meteorological observations for the first month of lead time only (in terms of hindcast accuracy, sharpness and overall performance). However, the predictability varies in space and time and is greater in winter and autumn. Parts of Europe additionally exhibit a longer predictability, up to 7 months of lead time, for certain months within a season. In terms of hindcast reliability, the EFAS seasonal streamflow hindcasts are on average less skilful than the ESP for all lead times. The results also highlight the potential usefulness of the EFAS seasonal streamflow forecasts for decision-making (measured in terms of the hindcast discrimination for the lower and upper terciles of the simulated streamflow). Although the ESP is the most potentially useful forecasting approach in Europe, the EFAS seasonal streamflow forecasts appear more potentially useful than the ESP in some regions and for certain seasons, especially in winter for almost 40 % of Europe. Patterns in the EFAS seasonal streamflow hindcast skill are however not mirrored in the System 4 seasonal climate hindcasts, hinting at the need for a better understanding of the link between hydrological and meteorological variables on seasonal timescales, with the aim of improving climate-model-based seasonal streamflow forecasting.

  • Nikander, Hannele
    et al.
    Andersson, Agnes
    Sverdlilje, Vanja
    Jakobsen, Dorte
    Overførsel af grønlistet affald2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Denne vejledning indeholder oplysninger om krav til overførsel af grønlistet affald. Der kræves som regel en tilladelse til grænseoverskridende overførsler af affald. Overførsler af ikke-farligt affald, også kaldet grønlistet affald, til nyttiggørelse udgør en undtagelse fra denne regel.

    Retsgrundlaget fremgår af forordning (EF) nr. 1013/2006 om overførsel af affald. Artikel 3 og 18 i forordningen vedrører overførsel af grønlistet affald.

  • Ejhed, Helene
    et al.
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Olshammar, Mikael
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Omräkning av näringsbelastning på Östersjön och Västerhavet för år 1995 med PLC5 metodik: Underlag till Sveriges miljömålsuppföljning2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att räkna om belastningen avseende kväve och fosfor för Sverige för år 1995 med samma metodik som användes i PLC5- beräkningarna (Brandt m.fl. manuskript). Detta för att få bättre jämförbarhet mellan åren än för de resultat som togs fram till FUT miljömålsuppföljningen (Ejhed m.fl. 2007). Jämförbarhet med belastning år 2006 skapades genom att en delmängd indata även för år 2006 omräknades. Resultaten beräknade för år 1995 jämfördes med resultat för år 2006.

    Förbättringar genomförda inom detta projekt, jämfört med beräkningar i projektet FUT Miljömålsuppföljning för år 1995, berör beräkningar av belastning från enskilda avlopp och inkluderande av retention för fosfor från PLC5-projektet. Utöver dessa förbättringar, har retentionsandelar för kväve från PLC5-projektet använts i detta projekt och beräkningsunderlag för dagvatten är identiskt som för år 2006. För år 2006 (jämfört med FUT Miljömålsuppföljning år 2005) har underlagen ändrats genom användande av 2006 års utsläpp från industrier (A, B) och reningsverk (A, B), metodik för enskilda avlopp, ny metodik för markanvändningsareal i tätorter, retentionsandelar för kväve från PLC5-projektet och genom att retention inkluderats för fosfor. Jämfört med PLC5-projektet har underlag avseende belastning och utsläpp för år 2006 ändrats genom att de finska punktkällorna ej inkluderats och att belastningen från areal hyggesmark har beräknats med samma belastning som skogsmark, d.v.s. utan att ta hänsyn till högre belastning från areal hyggen.

    Enligt denna rapport har den antropogena nettobelastningen av kväve till haven söder om Ålands hav (havsbassängerna Egentliga Östersjön, Öresund, Kattegatt och Skagerrak) minskat med 12 700 ton, motsvarande 23 %, från 1995 års nivå. Den antropogena bruttobelastningen av fosfor har minskat med totalt 270 ton eller 12 % från 1995 till 2006 enligt resultat i detta projekt (samtliga havsbassänger).Belastningen från reningsverk och industrier har minskat mest, med 29 respektive 20 % för kväve och ca 20 % vardera för fosfor mellan 1995 och 2006 (hela Sverige).Den antropogena nettobelastningen av kväve från jordbruksmark har minskat med ca 12 %.

    Projektet syftade vidare till att utveckla TBV (Tekniskt Beräkningssystem för Vatten) i avsikt att förenkla urvalet av beräkningar som ska genomföras och tydliggöra det stora antalet beräkningar som krävs för att genomföra kompletta beräkningar till rapporteringar från systemet. Utvecklingen skulle leda till dokumentation av hur de olika beräkningarna hänger ihop. En fil bestående av en mall med samtliga beräkningar som ska köras i systemet (en s.k. styrfil) och en ny funktion i TBV som hanterar denna, har utvecklats i projektet och motsvarar behoven av förenkling och tydlighet som efterfrågades.

  • Roth, Aurora
    et al.
    Univ Alaska, Geophys Inst, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
    Hock, Regine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Univ Alaska, Geophys Inst, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
    Schuler, Thomas V.
    Univ Oslo, Dept Geosci, Oslo, Norway;Univ Ctr Svalbard UNIS, Dept Arctic Geophys, Longyearbyen, Norway.
    Bieniek, Peter A.
    Univ Alaska, Int Arctic Res Ctr, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
    Pelto, Mauri
    Nichols Coll, Dept Environm Sci, Dudley, MA USA.
    Aschwanden, Andy
    Univ Alaska, Geophys Inst, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
    Modeling Winter Precipitation Over the Juneau Icefield, Alaska, Using a Linear Model of Orographic Precipitation2018In: FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE, ISSN 2296-6463, Vol. 6, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessing and modeling precipitation in mountainous areas remains a major challenge in glacier mass balance modeling. Observations are typically scarce and reanalysis data and similar climate products are too coarse to accurately capture orographic effects. Here we use the linear theory of orographic precipitation model (LT model) to downscale winter precipitation from the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) over the Juneau Icefield, one of the largest ice masses in North America (>4,000 km(2)), for the period 1979-2013. The LT model is physically-based yet computationally efficient, combining airflow dynamics and simple cloudmicrophysics. The resulting 1 kmresolution precipitation fields show substantially reduced precipitation on the northeastern portion of the icefield compared to the southwestern side, a pattern that is not well captured in the coarse resolution (20 km) WRF data. Net snow accumulation derived from the LT model precipitation agrees well with point observations across the icefield. To investigate the robustness of the LT model results, we perform a series of sensitivity experiments varying hydrometeor fall speeds, the horizontal resolution of the underlying grid, and the source of the meteorological forcing data. The resulting normalized spatial precipitation pattern is similar for all sensitivity experiments, but local precipitation amounts vary strongly, with greatest sensitivity to variations in snow fall speed. Results indicate that the LT model has great potential to provide improved spatial patterns of winter precipitation for glaciermass balance modeling purposes in complex terrain, but ground observations are necessary to constrain model parameters to match total amounts.

  • Mindus, Stephanie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research.
    Malinovschi, Andrei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
    Ekerljung, Linda
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Med, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Umea, Sweden..
    Gislason, Thorarinn
    Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Jogi, Rain
    Tartu Univ Clin, Lung Clin, Tartu, Estonia..
    Franklin, Karl A.
    Umea Univ, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci, Umea, Sweden..
    Holm, Mathias
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Johannessen, Ane
    Haukeland Hosp, Clin Res Ctr, Bergen, Norway..
    Middelveld, Roelinde
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Schlunssen, Vivi
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Sect Environm Occupat & Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Svanes, Cecilie
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Occupat Med, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Ctr Int Hlth, Bergen, Norway..
    Toren, Kjell
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lindberg, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research.
    Janson, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research.
    Asthma and COPD overlap (ACO) is related to a high burden of sleep disturbance and respiratory symptoms: Results from the RHINE and Swedish GA(2)LEN surveys2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 4, article id e0195055Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The term Asthma and COPD Overlap (ACO) describes a condition where asthma and COPD overlap. We aimed to investigate associations between ACO and insomnia and respiratory symptoms, and to investigate the prevalence of ACO and the characteristics of subjects with ACO in two Northern European population studies.

    Methods: The study comprised 25 429 subjects aged >40 years who participated in one of two Northern European general population surveys. Both surveys included questions on asthma, COPD, respiratory and sleep-related symptoms, including difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, early-morning awakening, and excessive daytime sleepiness. ACO was defined as having both self-reported asthma and COPD.

    Results: The prevalence of ACO was 1.0%. The group with ACO had a higher prevalence of both insomnia and respiratory symptoms than subjects with only asthma or COPD. Having ACO was independently associated with a 2-3 times higher probability of having sleep-related symptoms as compared with the group without asthma or COPD, after adjustment for age, sex, BMI, smoking history and educational level (adjusted odds ratio 2.14-3.36, 95% CI).

    Conclusion: Subjects with ACO have a high prevalence of insomnia and respiratory symptoms. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the association between sleep-related symptoms and ACO.

  • Edborg, Per
    et al.
    SCB.
    Stenmarck, Åsa
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Sundqvist, Jan-Olov
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Szudy, Mikael
    SCB.
    Förbättring av beräkningsunderlag för metangasberäkningar avseende avfallsdeponering: Inför submission 20112010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanställning av ett nytt förbättrat beräk-ningsunderlag för metanutsläpp från avfalls-deponier

    Befintligt beräkningsunderlag för metanutsläpp från avfallsdeponier för rapporte-ring till UNFCCC bygger både på årligt och regelbundet producerad statistik. I de delar för vilka uppgifter inte tas fram årligen används istället uppgifter från en-skilda studier, framskrivningar och expertbedömningar. Dessa uppgifter har med tiden förlorat sin aktualitet, och lyckas inte på ett väl underbyggt och dokumenterat sätt beskriva de förändringar som deponeringsförbuden av utsorterat brännbart avfall och organiskt avfall medfört för avfallsdeponeringen i Sverige. Därför har ett nytt beräkningsunderlag tagits fram.

    Det nya beräkningsunderlaget bygger på att uppgifter om deponerade avfallsmäng-der hämtas från WStatR-rapporteringen och används i beräkningsunderlaget för åren fr.o.m. 2006 och framåt. WStatR-data avseende år 2006 och år 2008 för de utvalda avfallsslagen har använts till beräkningsunderlaget. Uppgifter avseende år 2007 är framtagna med linjär interpolering.

    Resultat av provberäkningar

    Resultaten av provberäkningarna med nuvarande beräkningsunderlag och det nya förbättrade beräkningsunderlaget visar följande: Båda beräkningsunderlagen ger för åren 2006-2008 väldigt lika skattningar av metangasemissioner från avfallsde-ponier. Skillnaderna är mindre än vad som skulle kunna förväntas med avseende på de kända brister som finns i det nuvarande beräkningsunderlaget. Detta beror till viss del på den fördröjningseffekt som finns inbyggd i beräkningsmodellen – metan genereras av avfall som deponerats historiskt. Skillnaden i beräkningsunderlaget kommer dock att slå igenom tydligare om några år. Det nya beräkningsunderlaget minskar osäkerheterna jämfört med det gamla.

    Rekommendationer

    Projektet rekommenderar att man från och med referensår 2006 för avfallsmängder helt övergår till WStatR-uppgifter som beräkningsunderlag till beräkningsmo-dellen. Fördelarna är bl.a. att det nya beräkningsunderlaget:

     är komplett med avseende på omfattning.

     produceras fortlöpande (vartannat år).

     använder avfallsslag med tydligare beskrivningar (definitioner) av vad som ingår, än vad det nuvarande beräkningsunderlaget gör.

     i mindre omfattning än nuvarande beräkningsunderlag bygger på fram-skrivningar och expertbedömningar, framför allt avseende avfallsmängder.

    6

     

     är mer känsligt för de snabba förändringar som har skett och sker avseende avfallsdeponering, beroende på möjligheten att uppdatera såväl DOC-halter som avfallsmängder oftare än tidigare.

    Övriga uppgifter i det nya beräkningsunderla-get

    WStatR kan förse det nya beräkningsunderlaget med uppgifter om avfallsmängder och (indirekt via skattningar) DOC-halter. Övriga uppgifter, bl.a. uppgifter om återtagning av deponigas, måste fortfarande hämtas från samma datakällor som tidigare (i detta exempel från Avfall Sverige).

    Förslag till förändringar i befintliga datain-samlingar

    För att ytterligare förbättra underlaget (och möjligheterna att skatta DOC-halter) bör uppgifter i WStatR, åtminstone de avseende deponering så långt det är möjligt hanteras genom ökat användande av LoW-nomenklaturen. F.n. har det varit god-tyckligt att använda LoW eller EWC-Stat, då uppgifterna slutligen ändå aggregeras ihop till EWC-Stat-kategorier.

    Det vore även en förbättring om övriga statistikinsamlingar använde sig av LoW-koder som standard. I enkäterna för dispensdeponering förekommer t.ex. egna beteckningar och inte minst sammanslagningar av vitt skilda avfallsslag. Detta försvårar analyser av DOC-halter.

    För WStatR:s avfallskategorier 03.2 "Avloppsslam från industrier" och 11A "Van-ligt slam (exkl. 11.3)" föreslås att man i beräkningsmodellen använder sig av torr-vikten på slammet. Detta eftersom man då kan anta att DOC-halten på slammet är densamma mellan åren oberoende av variationer av vattenhalter i slammet.

    De satta DOC-värdena bör inte ses som statiska. För flera av EWC-Stat-avfallsslagen har DOC beräknats genom att vikta ihop från de ingående LoW. Denna LoW-fördelning kan ändras med tiden, så att även DOC-värdet för EWC-Stat kommer att ändras. Om data om deponering samlas in på LoW-nivå kan man göra en uppdaterad DOC-beräkning för EWC-Stat vid varje rapporteringsomgång. Det bedöms vara relativt lite merarbete att samla in konsekvent på LoW-nivå, och beräkningarna kan genomföras ganska enkelt.

  • Simonis, Fabienne D.
    et al.
    Acad Med Ctr, Dept Intens Care, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands;Acad Med Ctr, LEICA, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Barbas, Carmen S. V.
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Dept Intens Care Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil;Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Pulmonol, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Artigas-Raventos, Antonio
    Corporacio Sanitaria Univ Parc Tauli, Hosp Sabadell, Dept Intens Care Med, Sabadell, Spain;Corporacio Sanitaria Univ Parc Tauli, Hosp Sabadell, CIBER Enfermedades Resp, Sabadell, Spain.
    Canet, Jaume
    Univ Hosp Germans Trias I Pujol, Dept Anesthesiol, Barcelona, Spain.
    Determann, Rogier M.
    Westfriesgasthuis, Dept Crit Care, Hoorn, Netherlands.
    Anstey, James
    St Vincents Hosp, Dept Intens Care, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Hedenstierna, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
    Hemmes, Sabrine N. T.
    Acad Med Ctr, Dept Anesthesiol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Hermans, Greet
    Univ Hosp Leuven, Div Gen Internal Med, Med Intens Care Unit, Louvain, Belgium;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Cellular & Mol Med, Lab Intens Care Med, Louvain, Belgium.
    Hiesmayr, Michael
    Med Univ Vienna, Div Cardiac Thorac & Vasc Anesthesia & Intens Car, Vienna, Austria.
    Hollmann, Markus W.
    Acad Med Ctr, Dept Anesthesiol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Jaber, Samir
    St Eloi Univ Hosp, Dept Crit Care Med & Anesthesiol SAR B, Montpellier, France.
    Martin-Loeches, Ignacio
    St Jamess Univ, Hosp Dublin, HRB Clin Res, Welcome Trust,MICRO,Trinity Ctr Hlth Sci,Dept Cli, Dublin, Ireland;ICVB, Dublin, Ireland.
    Mills, Gary H.
    Sheffield Teaching Hosp, Dept Anaesthesia & Crit Care Med, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.
    Pearse, Rupert M.
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England.
    Putensen, Christian
    Univ Hosp Bonn, Dept Anesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Bonn, Germany.
    Schmid, Werner
    Med Univ Vienna, Div Cardiac Thorac & Vasc Anesthesia & Intens Car, Vienna, Austria.
    Severgnini, Paolo
    Insubria Univ, Dept Biotechnol & Sci Life, Varese, Italy.
    Smith, Roger
    St Vincents Hosp, Dept Intens Care, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Treschan, Tanja A.
    Med Univ Vienna, Div Cardiac Thorac & Vasc Anesthesia & Intens Car, Vienna, Austria;Dusseldorf Univ Hosp, Dept Anaesthesiol, Dusseldorf, Germany.
    Tschernko, Edda M.
    Melo, Marcos F. Vidal
    Harvard Med Sch, Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Anesthesia Crit Care & Pain Med, Boston, MA USA.
    Wrigge, Hermann
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Anesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Leipzig, Germany.
    de Abreu, Marcelo Gama
    Univ Hosp Carl Gustav Carus, Dept Anesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Pulm Engn Grp, Dresden, Germany;Tech Univ Dresden, Dept Anesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Pulm Engn Grp, Dresden, Germany.
    Pelosi, Paolo
    Univ Genoa, IRCCS Oncol, Osped Policlin Oncol, Dept Surg Sci & Integrated Diagnost, Genoa, Italy.
    Schultz, Marcus J.
    Acad Med Ctr, Dept Intens Care, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands;Acad Med Ctr, LEICA, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands;Mahidol Univ, MORU, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Serpa Neto, Ary
    Acad Med Ctr, Dept Intens Care, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands;Acad Med Ctr, LEICA, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands;Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Dept Intens Care Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Potentially modifiable respiratory variables contributing to outcome in ICU patients without ARDS: a secondary analysis of PRoVENT2018In: Annals of Intensive Care, ISSN 2110-5820, E-ISSN 2110-5820, Vol. 8, article id 39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of critically ill patients do not suffer from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). To improve the treatment of these patients, we aimed to identify potentially modifiable factors associated with outcome of these patients. Methods: The PRoVENT was an international, multicenter, prospective cohort study of consecutive patients under invasive mechanical ventilatory support. A predefined secondary analysis was to examine factors associated with mortality. The primary endpoint was all-cause in-hospital mortality. Results: 935 Patients were included. In-hospital mortality was 21%. Compared to patients who died, patients who survived had a lower risk of ARDS according to the 'Lung Injury Prediction Score' and received lower maximum airway pressure (P-max), driving pressure (Delta P), positive end-expiratory pressure, and FiO(2) levels. Tidal volume size was similar between the groups. Higher P-max was a potentially modifiable ventilatory variable associated with in-hospital mortality in multivariable analyses. Delta P was not independently associated with in-hospital mortality, but reliable values for Delta P were available for 343 patients only. Non-modifiable factors associated with in-hospital mortality were older age, presence of immunosuppression, higher non-pulmonary sequential organ failure assessment scores, lower pulse oximetry readings, higher heart rates, and functional dependence. Conclusions: Higher P-max was independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients under mechanical ventilatory support for reasons other than ARDS.

  • Englund, Claire
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library, Centre for teaching and learning (UPL).
    Teaching in an age of complexity: exploring academic change and development in higher education academia2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education (HE) has expanded and diversified at an unprecedented rate over the last two decades in response to a rapidly changing educational and political climate (Henkel, 2016; Saroyan and Trigwell, 2015). Change is omnipresent, a constant part of teachers’ sociocultural and organisational practice at multiple levels; at the micro-level of the individual, the meso-level of the department or programme and the mac-ro-level of the institution (Leibowitz et al, 2014; Hannah and Lester, 2009). This suggests that when researching teaching and learning practices it is essential to adopt a holistic perspec-tive, exploring not only individual factors but also sociocultural and structural factors and their interrelationships.

    The research presented is a series of five studies that con-stitute an exploration of academic change and development in a HE teaching and learning environment supported by educational technology. A twelve-year longitudinal study of teachers on an online pharmacy programme forms the basis for the research. The principal aim of the research was to gain a deeper understanding of the factors that influence academic change with the additional aim of providing insight into factors that may be relevant in the design of academic development activities to support teachers and managers in the enhance-ment of teaching and learning. A multilevel approach was used to investigate academic change and development addressing micro-, meso- and macro-levels of the university teaching en-vironment (Hannah and Lester, 2009; Kozlowski and Klein, 2000). The approach captures the influence of factors such as conceptions and approaches to teaching at the micro-lev-el of the individual teacher (Postareff and Lindblom-Ylänne, 2008; Trigwell, Prosser, Martin, & Ramsden, 2005), as well as the influence of systemic factors such as sociocultural and structural context at both the meso-level of the department or programme (Neumann, Parry, & Becher, 2010; Trowler, Saun-ders, & Bamber, 2012) and the macro-level of the institution (Fanghanel, 2007; Leibowitz, et al., 2014).

    The research studies suggest that at micro-level a critical fac-tor in the choice and use of educational technology is the un-derlying conception of and approach to teaching and learning of the teacher (Kim et al, 2013; Glassett, 2009). Opportunities for change and development were found to be facilitated by the sociocultural context of the teacher at meso-level encom-passing support from the community and mediating tools for communication (Mårtensson and Roxå, 2016; Trowler and Wareham, 2008). However institutional policy and strategy at macro-level, as interpreted by the department, was seen to impede change and development, where research is given pri-ority over teaching (Deem and Lucas, 2007; Fanghanel, 2007). At the meso-level of the programme, the opportunity to work together as a team to collaboratively construct and develop practice was found to be of significance in the development of agency and interdisciplinary cooperation (Haapasaari, Eng-eström, & Kerosuo, 2016).

    Taking into account a combined analysis of the five studies, it becomes apparent that change and development in HE is influenced by factors at the micro-level of the individual teacher, by contextual sociocultural factors at the meso-level of the department or programme and by contextual structural factors at the macro-level of the institution. If a deeper under-standing is to be achieved, it is necessary to adopt a holistic approach, considering factors at micro-, meso- and macro-level and the interrelationships between these factors. The research suggests that an effective strategy for the facilitation of aca-demic change and development may be the introduction of a Scholarship of teaching and Learning (SoTL) model where initiatives at the three levels are aligned so that SoTL is linked both to academic development at micro- and meso-levels and excellence and promotional frameworks at macro-level (Booth and Woollacott, 2017).

  • Zhang, Shuping
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution. Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Inst Ecol & Biodivers, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
    Isermann, Maike
    Bremen Univ, Dept Ecol, Vegetat Ecol & Conservat Biol, FB 2, D-28359 Bremen, Germany..
    Gan, Wenhao
    Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Inst Ecol & Biodivers, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China..
    Breed, Martin
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Invasive Rosa rugosa populations outperform native populations, but some populations have greater invasive potential than others2018In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, article id 5735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased performance of invasive plant species in their introduced range vs. their native range has been previously documented. However, performance differences among invasive populations have rarely been explored, despite this information being central to understanding the evolution of invasiveness as well as being a useful basis to inform management of invasive species. To examine variation in performance among populations of Rosa rugosa in its introduced range, and whether introduced populations perform better than native populations, we quantified growth and reproductive traits in five invasive populations in northwest Europe and two native and declining populations in China. Overall, we found that the introduced R. rugosa populations we sampled performed significantly better than the sampled native populations for growth and reproductive traits (2 to 4 fold increase). However, there was significant variation for most traits among the five invasive populations, demonstrating that some introduced populations we sampled were more successful invaders than others. Our findings provide a useful foundation for management of invasive R. rugosa in Europe, and support the recent call for more intra-species research in invasive species biology.

  • Norell, Jesper
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, AlbaNova Univ Ctr, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jay, Raphael M.
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 32, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.
    Hantschmann, Markus
    Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin Mat & Energie GmbH, Inst Methods & Instrumentat Synchrotron Radiat Re, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.
    Eckert, Sebastian
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 32, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany;Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin Mat & Energie GmbH, Inst Methods & Instrumentat Synchrotron Radiat Re, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.
    Guo, Meiyuan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Gaffney, Kelly J.
    Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, PULSE Inst, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA;SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford Synchrotron Radiat Lightsource, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
    Wernet, Philippe
    Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin Mat & Energie GmbH, Inst Methods & Instrumentat Synchrotron Radiat Re, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.
    Lundberg, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry. Univ Siena, Dept Biotechnol Chem & Pharm, Via A Moro 2, I-53100 Siena, Italy.
    Foehlisch, Alexander
    Univ Potsdam, Inst Phys & Astron, Karl Liebknecht Str 32, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany;Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin Mat & Energie GmbH, Inst Methods & Instrumentat Synchrotron Radiat Re, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.
    Odelius, Michael
    Stockholm Univ, AlbaNova Univ Ctr, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fingerprints of electronic, spin and structural dynamics from resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering in transient photo-chemical species2018In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 20, no 10, p. 7243-7253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe how inversion symmetry separation of electronic state manifolds in resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering (RIXS) can be applied to probe excited-state dynamics with compelling selectivity. In a case study of Fe L-3-edge RIXS in the ferricyanide complex Fe(CN)(6)(3-), we demonstrate with multi-configurational restricted active space spectrum simulations how the information content of RIXS spectral fingerprints can be used to unambiguously separate species of different electronic configurations, spin multiplicities, and structures, with possible involvement in the decay dynamics of photo-excited ligand-to-metal charge-transfer. Specifically, we propose that this could be applied to confirm or reject the presence of a hitherto elusive transient Quartet species. Thus, RIXS offers a particular possibility to settle a recent controversy regarding the decay pathway, and we expect the technique to be similarly applicable in other model systems of photo-induced dynamics.

  • Naumova, Maria
    et al.
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Chem, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany;Hamburg Univ, Inst Nanaostruktur & Festkorperphys, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany.
    Khakhulin, Dmitry
    Hamburg Ctr Ultrafast Imaging, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany;European XFEL GmbH, D-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Rebarz, Mateusz
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, ELI Beamlines, Inst Phys, Prague 18221, Czech Republic.
    Rohrmueller, Martin
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Phys, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Dicke, Benjamin
    Hamburg Univ, Inst Nanaostruktur & Festkorperphys, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany.
    Biednov, Mykola
    Hamburg Univ, Inst Nanaostruktur & Festkorperphys, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany.
    Britz, Alexander
    Hamburg Ctr Ultrafast Imaging, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany;European XFEL GmbH, D-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Espinoza, Shirly
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, ELI Beamlines, Inst Phys, Prague 18221, Czech Republic.
    Grimm-Lebsanft, Benjamin
    Hamburg Univ, Inst Nanaostruktur & Festkorperphys, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany.
    Kloz, Miroslav
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, ELI Beamlines, Inst Phys, Prague 18221, Czech Republic.
    Kretzschmar, Norman
    European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, F-38000 Grenoble, France.
    Neuba, Adam
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Chem, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Ortmeyer, Jochen
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Chem, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Schoch, Roland
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Chem, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics. Acad Sci Czech Republ, ELI Beamlines, Inst Phys, Prague 18221, Czech Republic;Chalmers Univ Technol, Condensed Matter Phys, Dept Phys, Gothenburg, Sweden;DESY, Ctr Free Elect Laser Sci, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Bauer, Matthias
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Chem, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Bressler, Christian
    Hamburg Ctr Ultrafast Imaging, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany;European XFEL GmbH, D-22869 Schenefeld, Germany.
    Schmidt, Wolf Gero
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Phys, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Henkel, Gerald
    Paderborn Univ, Dept Chem, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany.
    Ruebhausen, Michael
    Hamburg Univ, Inst Nanaostruktur & Festkorperphys, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany.
    Structural dynamics upon photoexcitation-induced charge transfer in a dicopper(I)-disulfide complex2018In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 6274-6286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structural dynamics of charge-transfer states of nitrogen-ligated copper complexes has been extensively investigated in recent years following the development of pump-probe X-ray techniques. In this study we extend this approach towards copper complexes with sulfur coordination and investigate the influence of charge transfer states on the structure of a dicopper(I) complex with coordination by bridging disulfide ligands and additionally tetramethylguanidine units [CuI2(NSSN)(2)](2+). In order to directly observe and refine the photoinduced structural changes in the solvated complex we applied picosecond pump-probe X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). Additionally, the ultrafast evolution of the electronic excited states was monitored by femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy in the UV-Vis probe range. DFT calculations were used to predict molecular geometries and electronic structures of the ground and metal-to-ligand charge transfer states with singlet and triplet spin multiplicities, i.e. S-0, (MLCT)-M-1 and (MLCT)-M-3, respectively. Combining these techniques we elucidate the electronic and structural dynamics of the solvated complex upon photoexcitation to the MLCT states. In particular, femtosecond optical transient spectroscopy reveals three distinct timescales of 650 fs, 10 ps and 4100 ps, which were assigned as internal conversion to the ground state (Sn -> S-0), intersystem crossing (MLCT)-M-1 -> (MLCT)-M-3, and subsequent relaxation of the triplet to the ground state, respectively. Experimental data collected using both X-ray techniques are in agreement with the DFT-predicted structure for the triplet state, where coordination bond lengths change and one of the S-S bridges is cleaved, causing the movement of two halves of the molecule relative to each other. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy resolves changes in Cu-ligand bond lengths with precision on the order of 0.01 angstrom, whereas WAXS is sensitive to changes in the global shape related to relative movement of parts of the molecule. The results presented herein widen the knowledge on the electronic and structural dynamics of photoexcited copper-sulfur complexes and demonstrate the potential of combining the pump-probe X-ray absorption and scattering for studies on photoinduced structural dynamics in copper-based coordination complexes.

  • Ghahremanpour, Mohammad M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    van Maaren, Paul J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Van Der Spoel, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    The Alexandria library, a quantum-chemical database of molecular properties for force field development2018In: Scientific Data, E-ISSN 2052-4463, Vol. 5, article id 180062Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data quality as well as library size are crucial issues for force field development. In order to predict molecular properties in a large chemical space, the foundation to build force fields on needs to encompass a large variety of chemical compounds. The tabulated molecular physicochemical properties also need to be accurate. Due to the limited transparency in data used for development of existing force fields it is hard to establish data quality and reusability is low. This paper presents the Alexandria library as an open and freely accessible database of optimized molecular geometries, frequencies, electrostatic moments up to the hexadecupole, electrostatic potential, polarizabilities, and thermochemistry, obtained from quantum chemistry calculations for 2704 compounds. Values are tabulated and where available compared to experimental data. This library can assist systematic development and training of empirical force fields for a broad range of molecules.

  • Djodjic, Faruk
    et al.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Blombäck, Karin
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Lindsjö, Anders
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Persson, Kristian
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Förbättring av beräkningsmetodiken för diffus belastning av fosfor från åkermark2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffuse losses of phosphorus (P) from arable land are high, but since they are not

    possible to measure at national scale they need to be estimated by use of nutrient

    transport models. A new methodology for estimation of P losses from agriculture

    has been developed for the purposes of HELCOM´s Pollution Load Compilation.

    This methodology is based on P export coefficients which are calculated with

    ICECREAMDB model. A matrix of export coefficients includes 22 leaching

    regions, 15 crops, 10 soil types, 3 slope classes and 3 soil P content classes.

    Considering limitations of input data and the validity of assumptions which were

    made in the calculations, as well as the limited testing of the applied model for

    Swedish conditions, an analysis of the discrepancies between calculated results and

    measured values was performed in this project to identify potential weaknesses and

    possible improvements to develop future calculations. Small catchments dominated

    by agriculture were studied in order to focus on diffuse sources from agriculture.

    Additionally, in order to minimize uncertainties connected to the P retention in

    lakes, a selection of catchments without lakes was done. Besides this analysis of

    discrepancies, additionally two issues were studied. The first issue is the seasonal

    and/or flow related differentiation of agricultural export coefficients which was

    done by statistical analyses of measured data. The other issue considers the

    evaluation of calculated high P losses in leaching region 9 which was done by

    comparison of modelled results and available measured values.

    Three main explanations were found for discrepancies between measured and

    modelled values:

    1. Input data is not representative or its resolution is too low to properly

    describe conditions in the certain catchment

    2. Parametrisation of the ICECREAMDB model is inadequate and or the

    assumptions that were made are too uncertain

    3. The important processes in the ICECREAMDB model are not properly

    described and should be changed to improve results

    The problem with weak input data is outside the frames of this project but since

    weak input data influence our possibilities to evaluate model performance we

    suggest testing of ICECREAMDB model in catchments where we have better data

    or such data is easily collected.

    In order to minimize uncertainties connected to class definition regarding slope and

    soil P content, use of regression equations is suggested since it allows use of

    specific values for each given catchment.

    5

    Several possibilities for further model development are also identified in this

    project. Some of the most important are improvement of the description of P

    chemistry and distribution of P in different P pools. Also, model application might

    be improved by better parametrisation of factors governing apportionment between

    surface runoff and infiltration as well as generation of soil particles. Additionally, a

    wider calibration and testing of ICECREAMDB and export coefficients are

    suggested. In the first step, set-up, parametrisation, calibration and validation of

    ICECREAMDB should be done on the field scale with the available water quality

    monitoring data. Then, in the second step set-up, parametrisation, calibration and

    validation of a source apportionment model for a number of small agricultural

    catchments is suggested in order to test and validate calculated export coefficients

    and to give feedback to field-scale modelling.

    Performed statistical analyses show that there is little statistical support for

    introduction of seasonal or flow-dependent export coefficients instead of the

    current annual average.

    A comparison between measured and modelled values in leaching region 9 shows a

    reasonable agreement where the calculated values are underestimated rather than

    overestimated.

  • Niska, Anna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
    Cykelcentrum för långsiktighet och excellens: redovisning av regeringsuppdrag2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research and new knowledge are important parts in achieving the government’s goal more and safer cycling contributing to a sustainable society and a high quality of life throughout the country. VTI was therefore assigned to compile and analyse the needs in cycling research and analyse how cycling research in Sweden can be coordinated and strengthened. The results are presented in this report giving examples of issues related to cycling that need to be scientifically strengthened through basic as well as applied research. This includes, for instance, the practical integration of cycling in traffic- and urban planning and knowledge on effective measures where special needs, prerequisites and barriers in groups of existing and potential cyclists are considered. Research describing cause and effect relationships regarding the design, construction, operation and maintenance of cycling infrastructure is required in order to carry out socioeconomic evaluations of cycling measures. Decisions also need to be based on research in order to prioritise between various types of measures and motivate measures to decision-makers. This also applies to information and campaigns.

    To generate cause and effect relationships, cycling and cycling accidents need to be better followed up, and a more detailed description of the cycling road network is required. Moreover, traffic models for cycling need to be developed, and more research about the actual bicycle and its equipment is required. Overall, there is a great need for long-term knowledge building and competence provision, increased coordination of cycling research and a more efficient distribution and application of research findings. To fulfil these needs and create better prerequisites for more research on cycling, it is of great value that a national knowledge centre for cycling research and education has been established at VTI in Linköping, Sweden. At the cycling research centre, the following important tasks should be carried out: Long-term knowledge building, connecting research and problem owners, coordinating research and development, gathering and distributing knowledge, developing technical resources, measurements and measurement methods.

  • Yutin, Natalya
    et al.
    NIH, Natl Ctr Biotechnol Informat, Natl Lib Med, Bethesda, MD 20894 USA..
    Bäckstrom, Disa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular Evolution. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ettema, Thijs J G
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular Evolution. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Krupovic, Mart
    Inst Pasteur, Dept Microbiol, Unite Biol Mol Gene Chez Extremophiles, Paris, France..
    Koonin, Eugene V.
    NIH, Natl Ctr Biotechnol Informat, Natl Lib Med, Bethesda, MD 20894 USA..
    Vast diversity of prokaryotic virus genomes encoding double jelly-roll major capsid proteins uncovered by genomic and metagenomic sequence analysis2018In: Virology Journal, ISSN 1743-422X, E-ISSN 1743-422X, Vol. 15, article id 67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Analysis of metagenomic sequences has become the principal approach for the study of the diversity of viruses. Many recent, extensive metagenomic studies on several classes of viruses have dramatically expanded the visible part of the virosphere, showing that previously undetected viruses, or those that have been considered rare, actually are important components of the global virome.

    Results: We investigated the provenance of viruses related to tail-less bacteriophages of the family Tectiviridae by searching genomic and metagenomics sequence databases for distant homologs of the tectivirus-like Double JellyRoll major capsid proteins (DJR MCP). These searches resulted in the identification of numerous genomes of viruslike elements that are similar in size to tectiviruses (10-15 kilobases) and have diverse gene compositions. By comparison of the gene repertoires, the DJR MCP-encoding genomes were classified into 6 distinct groups that can be predicted to differ in reproduction strategies and host ranges. Only the DJR MCP gene that is present by design is shared by all these genomes, and most also encode a predicted DNA-packaging ATPase; the rest of the genes are present only in subgroups of this unexpectedly diverse collection of DJR MCP-encoding genomes. Only a minority encode a DNA polymerase which is a hallmark of the family Tectiviridae and the putative family "Autolykiviridae". Notably, one of the identified putative DJR MCP viruses encodes a homolog of Cas1 endonuclease, the integrase involved in CRISPR-Cas adaptation and integration of transposon-like elements called casposons. This is the first detected occurrence of Cas1 in a virus. Many of the identified elements are individual contigs flanked by inverted or direct repeats and appear to represent complete, extrachromosomal viral genomes, whereas others are flanked by bacterial genes and thus can be considered as proviruses. These contigs come from metagenomes of widely different environments, some dominated by archaea and others by bacteria, suggesting that collectively, the DJR MCP-encoding elements have a broad host range among prokaryotes.

    Conclusions: The findings reported here greatly expand the known host range of (putative) viruses of bacteria and archaea that encode a DJR MCP. They also demonstrate the extreme diversity of genome architectures in these viruses that encode no universal proteins other than the capsid protein that was used as the marker for their identification. From a supposedly minor group of bacterial and archaeal viruses, these viruses are emerging as a substantial component of the prokaryotic virome.

  • Djodjic, Faruk
    et al.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Widén-Nilsson, Elin
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Översyn av beräkningen av bakgrundsförlust av fosfor2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish work for HELCOM’s Fifth Pollution Load Compilation (PLC5),

    background content of phosphorous (P) for Swedish arable land was

    described by the lowest P-class, representing an average concentration of

    60.7 mg P/100 g soil. This value was then used as the background soil P

    content in order to distinguish the anthropogenic load from total agricultural

    land. A single value of the background P content does not account for the

    natural variation in the P background concentrations in Swedish arable soils.

    In this project, we evaluated an alternative method to quantify the

    background load where we used P content from the subsoil (40-60 cm) of

    Swedish agricultural soils (P-HCl).

    Firstly, we compared soil P content in Swedish subsoil to comparable data

    from Swedish forest soils, to assess similarities and differences in the spatial

    variation of P content across the country. These two independent data sets

    were quite comparable and correlated, at least when compared at the scale

    of Sweden’s 22 leaching regions. Secondly, we compared P content in the

    subsoil with corresponding P content in the topsoil of Swedish arable land,

    with regard to fertilization intensity. The obtained results show a strong

    correlation between P contents in the topsoil and manure intensity, while

    such a correlation is lacking for P contents in the subsoil. These findings

    strengthens the assumption that the subsoil is unaffected by fertilization and

    thus representative of the background P content.

    Thereafter, we estimated the effects of changes in the P background content,

    in comparison to PLC5 results. Both the rather simple calculation and a

    more detailed calculation with uncertainty analysis suggest that the

    background load of Swedish arable land, calculated from the background

    levels using the new method, is lower (about 100 tonnes gross load)

    compared with PLC5 results. It is important to emphasize that this reduction

    persists even if one takes into account the uncertainty in the soil type

    distribution, which is in this case probably the main source of uncertainty.

    This does not mean that the calculated difference consists only of a higher

    anthropogenic agricultural load. Concurrent studies show that the impact of

    the forest may be greater than estimated in PLC5. Assuming that the total

    load from Sweden in PLC5 is correct, the total contribution from agriculture

    could be lower if the forest contribution is higher. However, more detailed

    evaluations are required to fully quantify whether and to what extent these

    new findings compensate each other.

  • Ekelund, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. Ryhov Cty Hosp, Dept Pediat, Jönköping, Sweden. .
    Berntson, Lillemor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Paediatric Inflammation Research.
    Consolaro, Alessandro
    Ist Giannina Gaslini, Paediat Rheumatol Int Trials Org PRINTO, Clin Pediat & Reumatol, Via Gaslini 5, I-16147 Genoa, Italy;Univ Genoa, Dipartimento Pediat, Genoa, Italy.
    Bovis, Francesca
    Ist Giannina Gaslini, Paediat Rheumatol Int Trials Org PRINTO, Clin Pediat & Reumatol, Via Gaslini 5, I-16147 Genoa, Italy.
    Ruperto, Nicolino
    Ist Giannina Gaslini, Paediat Rheumatol Int Trials Org PRINTO, Clin Pediat & Reumatol, Via Gaslini 5, I-16147 Genoa, Italy.
    The Swedish version of the Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR)2018In: Rheumatology International, ISSN 0172-8172, E-ISSN 1437-160X, Vol. 38, no Suppl. 1, p. 371-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR) is a new parent/patient-reported outcome measure that enables a thorough assessment of the disease status in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We report the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the parent and patient versions of the JAMAR in the Swedish language. The reading comprehension of the questionnaire was tested in 10 JIA parents and patients. Each participating centre was asked to collect demographic, clinical data and the JAMAR in 100 consecutive JIA patients or all consecutive patients seen in a 6-month period and to administer the JAMAR to 100 healthy children and their parents. The statistical validation phase explored descriptive statistics and the psychometric issues of the JAMAR: the 3 Likert assumptions, floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha, interscale correlations, test-retest reliability and construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity). A total of 68 JIA patients (8.8% systemic, 44.1% oligoarticular, 13.2% RF negative polyarthritis, 33.9% other categories) and 76 healthy children, were enrolled in two centres. The JAMAR components discriminated well healthy subjects from JIA patients. All JAMAR components revealed good psychometric performances. In conclusion, the Swedish version of the JAMAR is a valid tool for the assessment of children with JIA and is suitable for use both in routine clinical practice and clinical research.

  • Svenberg, Sebastian
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elam, Mark
    Department of Sociology and Work Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Swedish Nuclear Waste Management on the Move: From the Finnish Uptake of KBS-3 to the Rise of SKB International2014Report (Other academic)
  • Brånvall, Gunnar
    et al.
    SCB.
    Svanström, Stefan
    SCB.
    Teknikuppgifter och avloppsnät för reningsverk 20102011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom detta projekt har teknikuppgifter och koordinater sammanställts för totalt 1 237 större – i regel dimensionerade över 200 pe - svenska avloppsreningsanläggningar, som bedöms vara i drift år 2010. Av dessa bedöms ca 480 vara tillståndspliktiga. Dessa uppgifter innebär en uppdatering av en liknande opublicerad lista som användes i samband med den svenska rapporteringen till PLC5. Dessutom publiceras för första gången på riksnivå en approximativ beskrivning av anläggningarnas avloppsnät i form av en lista över vilka reningsverk som betjänar vilka tätorter och småorter. Dessa kopplingar kan också studeras i kartform på http://www.gis.scb.se/plan/VA/Avlopp2010/index.asp1

    I samband med EU:s avloppsdirektiv används begreppet ”agglomeration” om ”bebyggda områden lämpade för gemensam avloppsrening”. Direktivet ställer krav om avloppsreningen i agglomerations större än 2 000 personekvivalenter och begär också regelbundet information om berörda agglomerations och reningsverk. Sveriges senaste rapportering enligt detta direktiv omfattade 347 agglomerations, som betjänas av 353 reningsverk. Avloppsnäten beskrevs dock högst summariskt genom namnet på den förmodat största anslutna tätorten inom området. I den här rapporten redovisas mottagande reningsverk för 2 573 tätorter och småorter. I dessa orter folkbokfördes 2008 7 804 000 personer, av vilka mot bakgrund av registerräkningar, 7 702 000 personer beräknades vara anslutna till kommunalt WC-avlopp. Mot bakgrund av kända data om avloppsreningen från fastighetstaxeringsregistret bedöms att ytterligare 800 orter med en sammanlagd befolkning på 132 000 personer torde ha tillgång till kommunal avloppsrening. Alla utom 165 av dessa orter har mindre än 200 invånare. En indelning av de kopplade orterna i agglomerations har också gjorts. Dessa agglomerations har en mycket sned storleksfördelning: de 350 största agglomerations har nästan 95 procent av de anslutna personerna och de tre allra största - Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö - står ensamma för 35 procent. Teknikuppgifter och storleksmått för reningsverk av B- och C-typ redovisas i Bilaga 8 tillsammans med andra variabler. För mindre reningsverk planeras dessa uppgifter användas i belastningsberäkningar.

    1Motsvarande länk – men med färre kända kopplingar – användes av uppgiftslämnarna som kartstöd vid besvarandet av webbenkäten

  • Svenberg, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social ontologi2017In: Salongen - Nettidsskrift for filosofi og idehistorieArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Svenberg, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Expanding conjunctions and climate change2016In: AcclimatizeArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Olafsdottir, Arndis F.
    et al.
    NU Hosp Grp, Dept Med, Trollhattan Uddevalla, Sweden.;Univ Gothenburg, Dept Mol & Clin Med, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Polonsky, William
    Univ Calif San Diego, Dept Psychiat, San Diego, CA 92103 USA..
    Bolinder, Jan
    Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hirsch, Irl B.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Seattle, WA USA..
    Dahlqvist, Sofia
    NU Hosp Grp, Dept Med, Trollhattan Uddevalla, Sweden..
    Wedel, Hans
    Univ Gothenburg, Hlth Metr Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Nystrom, Thomas
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci & Educ, Sodersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wijkman, Magnus
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Internal Med, Norrkoping, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Schwarcz, Erik
    Orebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Internal Med, Orebro, Sweden..
    Hellman, Jarl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical diabetology and metabolism.
    Heise, Tim
    Profil, Neuss, Germany..
    Lind, Marcus
    NU Hosp Grp, Dept Med, Trollhattan Uddevalla, Sweden.;Univ Gothenburg, Dept Mol & Clin Med, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    A Randomized Clinical Trial of the Effect of Continuous Glucose Monitoring on Nocturnal Hypoglycemia, Daytime Hypoglycemia, Glycemic Variability, and Hypoglycemia Confidence in Persons with Type 1 Diabetes Treated with Multiple Daily Insulin Injections (GOLD-3)2018In: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, ISSN 1520-9156, E-ISSN 1557-8593, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 274-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To evaluate the effects of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on nocturnal and daytime hypoglycemia in persons with type 1 diabetes treated with multiple daily insulin injections (MDI); we also evaluated factors related to differences in hypoglycemia confidence in this population.

    Methods: Evaluations were performed from the GOLD randomized trial, an open-label multicenter crossover randomized clinical trial (n=161) over 69 weeks comparing CGM to self-measurement of blood glucose (SMBG) in persons with type 1 diabetes treated with MDI. Masked CGM and the hypoglycemia confidence questionnaire were used for evaluations.

    Results: Time with nocturnal hypoglycemia, glucose levels <70mg/dL was reduced by 48% (10.2 vs. 19.6min each night, P<0.001) and glucose levels <54mg/dL by 65%. (3.1 vs. 8.9min, P<0.001). For the corresponding glucose cutoffs, daytime hypoglycemia was reduced by 40% (29 vs. 49min, P<0.001) and 54% (8 vs. 18min., P<0.001), respectively. Compared with SMBG, CGM use improved hypoglycemia-related confidence in social situations (P=0.016) and confidence in more broadly avoiding serious problems due to hypoglycemia (P=0.0020). Persons also reported greater confidence in detecting and responding to decreasing blood glucose levels (thereby avoiding hypoglycemia) during CGM use (P=0.0033) and indicated greater conviction that they could more freely live their lives despite the risk of hypoglycemia (P=0.022).

    Conclusion: CGM reduced time in both nocturnal and daytime hypoglycemia in persons with type 1 diabetes treated with MDI and improved hypoglycemia-related confidence, especially in social situations, thus contributing to greater well-being and quality of life.

    Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02092051.

  • Van der Mei, Rob
    et al.
    Van den Berg, Hans
    Ganchev, Ivan
    Tutschku, Kurt
    Leitner, Philipp
    Lassila, Pasi
    Burakowski, Wojciech
    Liberal, Fidel
    Arvidsson, Åke
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Peter Key.
    Hoβfeld, Tobias
    Wac, Katarzyna
    Melvin, Hugh
    Galinac Grbac, Tihana
    Yoram, Haddad
    Key, Peter
    State of the art and research challenges in the area of autonomous control for a reliable internet of services2018In: Autonomous control for a reliable internet of services: methods, models, approaches, techniques, algorithms, and tools / [ed] Ivan Ganchev, R. D. van der Mei, Hans van den Berg, Springer Open , 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The explosive growth of the Internet has fundamentally changed the global society. The emergence of concepts like service-oriented architecture (SOA), Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Network as a Service (NaaS) and Cloud Computing in general has catalyzed the migration from the information-oriented Internet into an Internet of Services (IoS). This has opened up virtually unbounded possibilities for the creation of new and innovative services that facilitate business processes and improve the quality of life. However, this also calls for new approaches to ensuring quality and reliability of these services. The goal of this book chapter is to first analyze the state-of-the-art in the area of autonomous control for a reliable IoS and then to identify the main research challenges within it. A general background and high-level description of the current state of knowledge is presented. Then, for each of the three subareas, namely the autonomous management and real-time control, methods and tools for monitoring and service prediction, and smart pricing and competition in multi-domain systems, a brief general introduction and background are presented, and a list of key research challenges is formulated.

  • Lyu, Yezhe
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
    Wahlström, Jens
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi.
    Tu, Minghui
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
    Olofsson, Ulf
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
    A Friction, Wear and Emission Tribometer Study of Non-Asbestos Organic Pins Sliding Against AlSiC MMC DiscsIn: Tribology in Industry, ISSN 0354-8996Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The friction, wear and particle emission from an AlSiC MMC brake disc/non-asbestos organic brake pad system is studied using a pin-on-disc tribometer. The results show that this unconventional AlSiC MMC brake disc system presents friction performance as good as a conventional cast iron brake disc system. During braking, brake pad materials are transferred to the brake disc surface to form a protective third body tribo-layer, resulting in a negative specific wear rate of the brake disc. A higher contact load is likely to make it easier to generate the tribo-layer. The tribo-layer also seems to depend on the disc surface grinding features and the contact temperature during braking. By reusing an AlSiC MMC disc where the tribo-layer is already formed, the airborne emission in terms of mass is about 50% lower and in terms of number about the same as the conventional brake contact pair under a similar braking condition. Further full-scale studies are suggested to determine the validity of the findings.

  • Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
    Adamo, Nasrat
    Consultant Engineer, Norrköping.
    Present Water Crises in Iraq and Its Human and Environmental Implications2018In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 305-319, article id 85135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Iraq is facing a serious water shortage problem now, which has not been experienced before. This is because of the reduction of flow of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers which is due to the implementation of hydrological projects within the upstream part of the catchment and climate change. Mismanagement of water resources within Iraq made the problem graver. It is believed that serious discussion with all riparian countries to reach an agreement to share the water of the two rivers and their tributaries is desperately needed. In addition, a prudent scientific strategy should be implemented and put into practice to overcome this problem in Iraq. In addition, the key positions within the Iraqi Ministry of Water Resources should be given to people having real experience in the water resources sector to ensure discreet and prudent management of the problem.