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  • Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    On Architectural Space and Modes of Subjectivity: Producing the Material Conditions for Creative-Productive Activity2018In: Urban Planning, ISSN 2183–7635, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses extended implications of Lefebvre’s The Production of Space in the context of contemporary global neoliberalism, by focus on its presence in architectural space as lived space and spatial practice. The main discussion concerns Lefebvre’s concepts of abstract space, in relation to Felix Guattari’s three ecologies, and the Aristotelean triad of aisthesis, poiesis and techné. The focus here concerns material architectural space and its relation to modes of subjectivity, especially creative-productive versus consuming subjectivities. The argument begins by elaborating on an understanding of abstract space as present in material architectural space as pervasive processes of disassociation of materiality and labor, and proceeds to through these concepts discuss modes of subjectivity—the dependence of abstract space on subjects as consumers—and the way this relates to challenges of sustainability. It further points to the importance of architectural space considered as built material environment for creative-productive modes of subjectivity which challenge abstract space and in extension consumer society, by offering potential dispositions that set subjects in a different relation to the world.

  • Mårtensson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    The design and simulated performance of a fast Level 1 track trigger for the ATLAS High Luminosity Upgrade2017In: EPJ Web of Conferences, ISSN 2101-6275, E-ISSN 2100-014X, Vol. 150, article id 00008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ATLAS experiment at the High Luminosity LHC will face a fivefold increase in the number of interactions per bunch crossing relative to the ongoing Run 2. This will require a proportional improvement in rejection power at the earliest levels of the detector trigger system, while preserving good signal efficiency. One critical aspect of this improvement will be the implementation of precise track reconstruction, through which sharper trigger turn-on curves can be achieved, and b-tagging and tau-tagging techniques can in principle be implemented. The challenge of such a project comes in the development of a fast, custom electronic device integrated in the hardware based first trigger level of the experiment. This article will discuss the requirements, architecture and projected performance of the system in terms of tracking, timing and physics, based on detailed simulations. Studies are carried out using data from the strip subsystem only or both strip and pixel subsystems.

  • Ståhl, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Lindström, Kristina
    Malmö University.
    Las políticas de invitar : Coarticulación de temas en torno a la participación pública en diseño: Politics of inviting : co-articulations of issues in designerly public engagement2017In: Diseña, ISSN 0718-8447, no 11, p. 110-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article engages with the politics of inviting by proposing a shift in what we invite to, and when. Rather than inviting stakeholders to participate in design projects before use, the article argues for the value of inviting participants to take part in co-articulations of issues that arise in the course of the ongoing living with technologies. Based on two public engagement projects, it is shown how co-articulations emerge through a combination of invitations and responses by the participants. When the issue emerges more inventively is usually when the assumptions enacted through the invitations do not t well with how participants live with technologies. 

  • Westberg, Erik (Conductor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Music and dance.
    Vårtidens ljus: Musik från nutid med dofter av naturens skönhet2018Artistic output (Unrefereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konserter med Erik Westbergs Vokalensemble genomförda:

    Pajala kyrka – 10 maj (med Karin Andersson, organist)

    Kiruna kyrka – 11 maj (Med Robert Pauker, organist)

    Kalix kyrka – 12 maj

    Program

    Mirjam Tally (f. 1976) – Vårtidens ljus (2017) Kör och crotales

    Ildebrando Pizzetti (1880–1968) – Due Composizioni corali (1961)

    I – Il giardino di Afrodite, II – Piena sorgeva la luna Kör a cappella

    Staffan Storm (f. 1964) – Aspects of snow (Three Japanese poems) (2012) Kör a cappella

    Veljo Tormis (1930–2017) – Helletused (1982) Kör a cappella. Sopransolo Josefine Gellwar Madsen och Virve Karén

    Anders Hallén (1846–1925) – Norrland Op. 55 (1909) Altsolo: Anna Risberg Tenorsolo: Erik Stillesjö Piano: Erik Westberg [framförd endast 12 maj]

    Anders Hallén – Philharmonie Op. 42 (1891) Kör a cappella Sopransolo: Virve Karén

    Jan Magne Førde (f. 1962) – Bruremarsj (2009) Kör a cappella

    Jan Sandström (f. 1954) – Vuojnha Biegga (2017) Tolvstämmig blandad kör. Solist: Erik Stillesjö

    Arr. Gunnar Eriksson (f. 1936) – Den blida vår (1996) kör a cappella

     

    Vokalensemblens verksamhet stöds av Kempestiftelserna, Curt Boströmsfonden, Region Norrbotten samt Kulturrådet

  • Westberg, Erik (Conductor)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Music and dance.
    Klanger från Norden och Baltikum2018Artistic output (Unrefereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konserter genomfördes i

    Piteå, Studio Acusticum – tor 15 feb

    Bureå kyrka – fre 16 feb

    Lycksele kyrka – lör 17 feb

    Umeå kyrka – sön 18 feb

    Medverkande

    Erik Westbergs Vokalensemble

    Mattias Wager, orgel

    Erik Westberg, dirigent

    Program

    Mirjam Tally (f. 1976) – Vårtidens ljus (2017) Kör och crotales

    Örjan Fahlström (f. 1953) – At the End of the Day (2017)

    1. Towards New Shores – 2. And all was Silence

    Kör och orgel, arr. Mathias Lundqvist. Sopransolo Virve Karén

    Bent Sørensen (f. 1958) – Strunge sange (1988) Kör a cappella. Sopransolo Cecilia Grönfelt, tenorsolo Erik Stillesjö

    Veljo Tormis (1930–2017) – Helletused (1982) Kör a cappella. Sopransolo Linnea Pettersson och Virve Karén

    Christina Blomqvist (f. 1976) Allegro maestoso (1999) orgelsolo

    Anders Nilsson (f. 1954) – Urworte. Orphisch (2009) Kör a cappella

    Pēteris Plakidis (1947–2017) – In Memoriam (1990) Kör a cappella

     

    Vokalensemblens verksamhet stöds av Kempestiftelserna, Curt Boströmsfonden, Region Norrbotten samt Kulturrådet.

  • Maxwell, Gregor
    et al.
    Jönköping University & Norge.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University & Norge.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för psykologi. Jönköping University.
    Inclusion through participation: understanding participation in the international classification of functioning, disability, and health as a methodological research tool for investigating inclusion2018In: Frontiers in Education, ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 3, no 41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the use and validity of the International Classification of Functioning disability and health (ICF) as a common language for describing inclusive educational settings. There is a specific focus on investigating participation through the ICF as one aspect of inclusion as an improved understanding of participation as a measure of inclusion will greatly benefit children with additional support needs. In addition there will be a better understanding of the operationalization of participation, in terms of both policy and practice, and improved applications of the ICF. The study uses a narrative summary to review to analyse the findings from a selection of studies where the ICF has been used as a methodological tool in the field of education. In the 16 included studies the ICF is either used to present a new theoretical position, synthesize a new research approach or tool, or is integrated into the framework of an existing research method. Findings also show that the ICF is used in a number of different ways and that when it is used directly, variation is found in the type of information that was linked to ICF codes or categories. In conclusion further clarity on defining and measuring participation with the ICF framework is required in order to create a more consistent tool for investigating inclusive education. One way to improve the construct of participation is to take a bi-dimensional approach. It is the authors’ belief that this newer approach to modelling participation will be considered in any future revisions of the ICF/ICF-CY – a so-called ‘ICF-2’. This would thus create a more accountable classification framework that succeeds in capturing the involvement experience of the individual and in doing so achieves a more effective and useful classification framework for the field of inclusive education.

  • Rexhepi, Hanife
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    BRIDGING THE INFORMATION GAP: Supporting Evidence-Based Medicine and Shared Decision-Making through Information Systems2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) and shared decision-making (SDM)along the patient process is important in today's healthcare environment, as thesemodels of care offer a way to improve quality and safety of care, patient satisfaction,and reduce costs. EBM is the conscientious and judicious use of current best medicalevidence in conjunction with clinical expertise. It also includes taking into accountpatient values and preferences to guide decisions about the care of individual patients.SDM offers a process that guides how a healthcare professional (e.g., a physicianor a nurse) and a patient jointly can participate in a decision after incorporatingthe body of evidence (the options, benefits and harms) and considering the patient'svalues and preferences.

    The degree to which healthcare professionals can practice EBM and SDM is dependentupon the availability of information about the patient (e.g., medical diagnosis,therapies as well as laboratory and administrative information) and medical evidence(such as medical guidelines). Patient information is a prerequisite for making decisionsabout the care of individual patients and it is evidence-based medicalknowledge, clinical expertise as well as patient values and preferences that guidethese decisions. Moreover, for patients to be able to communicate values and preferencesas well as participate effectively in their own care, they need to have a basicunderstanding of their condition and treatment options, and the consequences ofeach. Hence, they need access to the same information streams—in "patientaccessible"form—as their physician(s) and care team throughout their journey (process)in healthcare. However, making the right decisions about the care of individualpatients at the right time and place is a challenge for healthcare professionals. Due tointeroperability issues, existing information systems do not support a seamless flowof patient information along the patient process. Healthcare professionals are thereforeunable to easily access up-to-date information about the patient at the right timeand place. The situation is complicated further by the fragmentation of medical evidencein different repositories and its presentation by diverse providers, each withunique ideas about how information should be organized and how search enginesshould function. Limited or no access to relevant patient information and the bestmedical evidence about the benefits and risks of treatment options can result inflawed decisions and, more seriously, the suffering of patients. The situation also affectsSDM. If patients are not informed about their health condition, treatment options,benefits and risks or not given high quality information, e.g., becausehealthcare professionals do not have access to the best evidence, patients will be unIIable to assess 'what it is important to them', or they will make inadequate decisionsabout key issues. Consequently, it is almost impossible to practice EBM and SDM ineveryday clinical care.

    For EBM and SDM to serve their purpose, healthcare professionals and patients needinformation systems that provide quick and trouble-free access to all-round information.They also need information systems that can influence the patient/physicianrelationship and facilitate their pursuance of shared goals in the healthcare process,taking into account both illness and personal experience. Hence, based on a qualitativeapproach, this thesis proposes recommendations regarding the redesign of futurehealthcare information systems in ways that will facilitate, rather than hinder,the access to relevant information. One important recommendation identified is thatfuture healthcare information systems must support the core characteristics of EBMand SDM, in an integrated manner, and using the one without the other is notenough. However, such support requires the adoption of a process view on informationsystem development based on the patient's process. A process-oriented approachwith supporting information systems is thus vital for the support of an evidence-based practice where the patient is an important and active collaborator.Moreover, the challenges identified with regard to information system support arenot exclusively technical. Organizational culture, and the attitudes of healthcare professionalsto patient involvement are some of the biggest challenges facing healthcareorganizations.

  • Baumanova, Monika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Zahorik, Jan
    University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic.
    Report: Africa Days 2015 – 2nd Ethio-Czech Conference on Africa (Pilsen, 15.-16.10.2015)2016In: Newsletter of the Swiss Society for African StudiesArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Tisíciletá MĚSTA na afrických BŘEZÍCH2018In: Koktejl, ISSN 1210-4353Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Space Matters: A Reflection on Archaeological Theory and Method for Interpreting the Materiality of Space2016In: Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica, ISSN 1804-848X, E-ISSN 2336-1220, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 209-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every paradigm in the history of archaeological theory has in some way dealt with space in interpreting the archaeological record; either bringing it into the spotlight or using it to assist description of other observed phenomena. This has resulted in a varied range of approaches to space, but also brought with it inherent problems. Paradigms once regarded as incompatible are now reconciled in mutual coexistence, but maintain little dialogue. Certain methods of spatial analyses have begun to be used as theory-neutral, and space often remains implicitly studied using methods as a set of tools, without exploration of adequate theory.

    The goal of this paper is to present a perspective on how archaeologists may proceed in order to apply both analytical methods to seek patterns in the past and interpret past constructed space. Although space is an intangible entity, it is argued it may be seen as a human-made material culture that plays an active role in social processes. As a case study, I contrast the advantages and shortcomings of several archaeological studies concerned with the spatial structure of the Swahili house. It is argued that we need to actively engage approaches that reveal quantifiable patterns in the built environment, as well as consult more relativistic issues of perception, sensory experience, and social production and consumption of space.

  • Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Pillar Tombs and the City: Creating a Sense of Shared Identity in Swahili Urban Space2018In: Archaeologies, ISSN 1555-8622, E-ISSN 1935-3987Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews published research on Swahili pillar tombs, as a specific type of tombs built of stone, by summarising records on almost fifty sites on the east coast of Africa. Dated to the 13th–16th centuries AD, the pillar tombs represented a core component of Swahili urban space. By considering their spatial setting, characteristics and comparative case studies from Africa and the Indian Ocean world, the paper reconsiders how pillar tombs might have functioned as a type of material infrastructure for creating social ties and notions of shared identity in a society that has never formally united.

  • Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec .livinglabs , Belgium.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec .livinglabs , Belgium.
    Drop-out in living lab field test: analyzing consequences and some recommendations2018In: Twenty-Sixth European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS2018), Portsmouth, UK, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Involving individual users in the process of information systems development is a key dimension of open innovation. Living Labs are socio-technical systems that facilitate information systems development by integrating technical, social and organizational structures and focusing on individuals, tasks, technologies and the interactions between different stakeholders. Testing digital innovations in real-life use context is one of the key components of Living Labs. The users’ motivations to participate in Living Lab field tests at the beginning of the project are usually higher than once the field tests are underway. However, there is a dearth of research on other issues related to participants’ drop-out in Living Lab field tests. This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating the consequences of drop-out in Living Lab field tests and providing recommendations that would facilitate prolonged user engagement. The paper also discusses some ethical considerations regarding involvement of participants within Living Lab field tests. In doing so, we interviewed fourteen Living Lab experts in two Living Labs in Sweden and Belgium. Based on these interviews, we propose a first set of consequences, recommendations and ethical considerations to take into account when setting up Living Lab field tests. Keywords: User

  • Public defence: 2018-10-05 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Stockholm
    Letzter, Eva-Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Med öga för publiken: Moralisk fostran genom heliga Birgittas och de svenska predikanternas exempelberättelser, cirka 1340-15002018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a comparative and deconstructive study of the use of narrative exempla in the Revelations of Saint Birgitta (also known as Saint Bridget of Sweden) and in Swedish sermon collections from the Late Middle Ages. The purpose is to show how Birgitta during the 14th century and Swedish preachers during the 15th century morally educated their audiences through the inclusion of exemplary stories in their works. Furthermore, this dissertation discusses and analyses the ways in which these authors adapted their stories to suite their respective audience. It distinguishes between how Birgitta addressed the worldly and religious leaders of Europe and how the Swedish preachers addressed a socially stratified Swedish congregation by applying Jonathan Cohen’s theory of identification with media characters. This dissertation hereby contributes not only to research concerning the didactics of Christian exemplary literature, but also to the methodology in which audience adaptation in this literature can be evaluated.

    Among the results of this study one finds that the exemplary stories in the Revelations and Swedish sermon collections are often used to rhetorically reinforce doctrinal lessons concerning man’s reciprocal relationship with God. Many of the lessons deal with Christ’s justice, the devil’s evil nature and man’s proper faith and hope in God. However, Birgitta tends to use her stories as analytical explanations for theses lessons, while the Swedish preachers use theirs as simple arguments for them. In view of narrative structure and content, Birgitta tends to focus on describing protagonists’ thoughts and inner disposition in her stories, whereas the Swedish preachers focus on protagonists’ physical course of action in their stories. Moreover, both authors depict international characters, settings and complication motives. Still, Birgitta highlights those associated with the higher estates, while the Swedish preachers emphasize those associated with general church life and the lower laity.

    These results correlate well with strategies suggested in media research for enticing audience identification with characters. In particular, I find that the virtuous or sinful way of life, led by the protagonists in the exemplary stories, mimics that of Birgitta’s and the Swedish preachers’ different target groups. Yet even more strikingly, numerous protagonists are also found to possess attractive heroic ideals. They embody heroic role models, which the authors’ respective audience can be expected to have wished to emulate themselves, and which Birgitta and the Swedish preachers likewise wanted their audience to follow, though to different extents and in different manners. While Birgitta and the Swedish preachers both used exemplary stories to morally educate their recipients in accordance with the Christian exemplary tradition, I thus conclude that their teaching differed in several significant ways, supporting the premise that the authors knew what they wanted to convey, and that they had a good eye for their respective audience.

  • Public defence: 2018-09-03 14:00 Ihresalen, Engelska parken, Uppsala
    Linderborg, Otto H.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Herodotus and the Origins of Political Philosophy: The Beginnings of Western Thought from the Viewpoint of its Impending End2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation proposes a historical theory of the origins of political philosophy. It is assumed that political philosophy was made possible by a new form of political thinking commencing with the inauguration of the first direct democracies in Ancient Greece. The pristine turn from elite rule to rule of the people – or to δημοκρατία, a term coined after the event – brought with it the first ever political theory, wherein fundamentally different societal orders, or different principles of societal rule, could be argumentatively compared. The inauguration of this alternative-envisioning “secular” political theory is equaled with the beginnings of classical political theory and explained as the outcome of the conjoining of a new form of constitutionalized political thought (cratistic thinking) and a new emphasis brought to the inner consistency of normative reasoning (‘internal critique’). The original form of political philosophy, Classical Political Philosophy, originated when a political thought launched, wherein non-divinely sanctioned visions of transcendence of the prevailing rule, as well as of the full range of alternatives disclosed by Classical Political Theory, first began to be envisioned. Each of the hypotheses forming the theory – the hypotheses concerning the Ancient Greek beginnings of a “secular”-autonomous political rationale, political theory and political philosophy – is weighed against central evidence provided by the Histories of Herodotus. The passages thus given new interpretations are the Deioces episode in Book I, the Constitutional Debate in Book III and Xerxes’ War Councils in Book VII. Aside from the Herodotean evidence, a range of other relevant Greek literary sources from the archaic and classical ages – e.g. passages from Homer, Hesiod, several pre-Socratic thinkers, Plato and Aristotle – are duly taken into consideration. Included is also a reading of the Mytilenean Debate of Thucydides’ Book III, which shows how the political thought of the classical democracies worked in practice. Finally, the placing of the historical theory against a background of contemporary relevance provides an alternative to all text-oriented approaches not reckoning with the possibility of reaching historically plausible knowledge of real-world events and processes.

  • Izquierdo, Milagros
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Johansson, KarinLinköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Meeting of the Catalan, Spanish, Swedish Math Societies (CAT‐SP‐SW‐MATH)2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A joint Meeting of the Catalan, Spanish, Swedish Math Societies (CAT-SP-SW-MATH) will be held in Umeå (Sweden) from 12th to 15th June 2017.

    The meeting is a symposium devoted to mathematics at large.

    The conference is thought as a meeting point between the different areas of mathematics and its applications.

    The programme will consist of several plenary lectures, covering a wide range of areas of mathematics, and special sessions devoted to a single topic or area of mathematics.

    The venue of the conference will be the Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics of Umeå University.

    Welcome!

    Milagros Izquierdo (Svenska matematikersamfundet)

    Xavier Jarque (Societat Catalana de Matemàtiques)

    Francisco José Marcellán (Real Sociedad Matemática Española)

  • Bach, Lone-Pia (Editor)
    Royal Institute of Art. Kungl Konsthögskolan.
    Herrgård i förhandling: Fyra herrgårdar i Östergötland1999Report (Other academic)
  • Habibipour, Abdolrasoul
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Georges, Annabel
    imec.livinglabs.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Schuurman, Dimitri
    imec.livinglabs.
    Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    A Taxonomy of Factors Influencing Drop-Out Behaviour in Living Lab Field Tests2018In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, p. 5-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of a “living lab” is a relatively new research area and phenomenon that facilitates user engagement in open innovation activities. Studies on living labs show that the users’ motivation to participate in a field test is higher at the beginning of the project than during the rest of the test, and that participants have a tendency to drop out before completing the assigned tasks. However, the literature still lacks theories describing the phenomenon of drop-out within the area of field tests in general and living lab field tests in particular. As the first step in constructing a theoretical discourse, the aims of this study are to present an empirically derived taxonomy for the various factors that influence drop-out behaviour; to provide a definition of “drop-out” in living lab field tests; and to understand the extent to which each of the identified items influence participant drop-out behaviour. To achieve these aims, we first extracted factors influencing drop-out behaviour in the field test from our previous studies on the topic, and then we validated the extracted results across 14 semi-structured interviews with experts in living lab field tests. Our findings show that identified reasons for dropping out can be grouped into three themes: innovation-related, process-related, and participant-related. Each theme consists of three categories with a total of 44 items. In this study, we also propose a unified definition of “drop-out” in living lab field tests.

  • Berlin, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics. KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Engwall, Mats
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Organizing ERS Projects: Implications for Demonstrations and Deployments: A Comparative Stakeholder Analysis of the Swedish ERS-Projects eRoadArlanda and eHighway E162018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The electric road system (ERS) receives increasing attention as a potential solution to cope with the transition to environmentally friendly heavy road transport. Moving from the initial technology development phase to the technology demonstration phase has motivated the creation of demonstration projects. Thus, ERS-project organizations have evolved.

    This report makes an inquiry into the organizing of ERS-projects. It is based on a comparative analysis of the two ongoing demonstration projects in Sweden; eRoadArlanda and eHighway E16. The study addresses what implications the current ERS demonstration projects can provide through a stakeholder assessment.

    The outcome of the study is 11 implications for the organizing of ERS demonstration and deployment projects. These are divided among the six perspectives: project leadership, electric road vehicle, electric infrastructure, funding, verification, and interest vs power.

  • Sjöstedt Landén, Angelika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kvalitativ uppföljning av Rätt till heltid, deltid en möjlighet ur ett medarbetarperspektiv2017Report (Other academic)
  • Tingström, Pia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Nilsson, Staffan
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Primary Health Care in Norrköping. Region Östergötland, Primary Care Center, Primary Health Care Center Vikbolandet.
    Patient empowerment and general self-efficacy in patients with coronary heart disease: a cross-sectional study2018In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 19, article id 76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background:

    In managing a life with coronary heart disease and the possibility of planning and following a

    rehabilitation plan, patients

    ’ empowerment and self-efficacy are considered important. However, currently there is

    limited data on levels of empowerment among patients with coronary heart disease, and demographic and clinical

    characteristics associated with patient empowerment are not known.

    The purpose of this study was to assess the level of patient empowerment and general self-efficacy in patients six

    to 12 months after the cardiac event. We also aimed to explore the relationship between patient empowerment,

    general self-efficacy and other related factors such as quality of life and demographic variables.

    Methods:

    A sample of 157 cardiac patients (78% male; age 68 ± 8.5 years) was recruited from a Swedish hospital.

    Patient empowerment was assessed using the SWE-CES-10. Additional data was collected on general self-efficacy

    and well-being (EQ5D and Ladder of Life). Demographic and clinical variables were collected from medical records

    and interviews.

    Results:

    The mean levels of patient empowerment and general self-efficacy on a 0–4 scale were 3.69 (±0.54) and

    3.13 (±0.52) respectively, and the relationship between patient empowerment and general self-efficacy was weak

    (

    r = 0.38). In a simple linear regression, patient empowerment and general self-efficacy were significantly correlated

    with marital status, current self-rated health and future well-being. Multiple linear regressions on patient empowerment

    (Model 1) and general self-efficacy (Model 2) showed an independent significant association between patient

    empowerment and current self-rated health. General self-efficacy was not independently associated with any of the

    variables.

    Conclusions:

    Patients with a diagnosis of coronary heart disease reported high levels of empowerment and general

    self-efficacy at six to 12 months after the event. Clinical and demographic variables were not independently associated

    with empowerment or low general self-efficacy. Patient empowerment and general self-efficacy were not mutually

    interchangeable, and therefore both need to be measured when planning for secondary prevention in primary health

    care.

    Trial registration:

    NCT01462799.

  • Wesslander, Karin
    et al.
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Viktorsson, Lena
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Skjevik, Ann-Turi
    SMHI, Core Services.
    The SwedishNational MarineMonitoringProgramme 2017: HydrographyNutrientsPhytoplankton2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the main results of the Swedish national marine monitoring programme of the pelagic during 2017. The monitoring data of hydrography, nutrients and phytoplankton are analysed for the seas surrounding Sweden: Skagerrak, Kattegat, The Sound, Baltic Proper, Bothnian Sea and Bothnian Bay. The monitoring is carried out by SMHI (Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute), SU (Stockholm University) and UMF (Umeå Marine Sciences Centre) and the monitoring programme is co-funded by SwAM (Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management), SMHI, SU and UMF. Data is collected, analysed and reported with support from Swedish environmental monitoring and commissioned by SwaM.

    The Baltic current along the Swedish west coast implies large variations in surface salinity and the unusually large outflow of brackish water from the Baltic Sea in 2017 was reflected as low surface salinity in Skagerrak and Kattegat in the beginning of the year. There were no major deep water inflows to the Baltic Sea during 2017 but a few inflows of minor magnitude. These minor inflows only temporarily improved the oxygen condition in the Bornholm Basin and in the southern part of the Eastern Gotland Basin.

    The salinity below the halocline was above normal in the Gotland Basins and in the Northern Baltic Proper, and also in the surface layer in the Eastern Gotland Basin for almost the whole year.

    In Skagerrak and Kattegat, surface concentrations of phosphate and dissolved inorganic nitrogen were normal while dissolved silica concentrations were elevated especially in spring. In the Baltic Sea, the concentration of silicate in the surface water was elevated in all basins. According to the estimated total content of silicate there has been an increase in silica content in the Baltic Sea since the early 1990’s. Surface concentrations of phosphate were above normal in the Gotland basins and the Northern Baltic Proper while inorganic nitrogen content was above normal in parts of the Arkona and Bornholm basins. During spring and summer, the inorganic nitrogen was consumed at greater depths than usual in the Baltic Proper. In particular concentrations of phosphate and dissolved silica were generally lower than normal in the bottom layer.

    Instead of diatoms, the flagellate genus Pseudochattonella, which is potentially toxic to fish, bloomed in the Kattegat and Skagerrak areas in February – April. During autumn there was a prolonged diatom bloom though. In the Baltic Sea spring bloom occurred in April. The cyanobacteria bloom began in May already with Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. During June and July all three of the filamentous cyanobacteria, A. flos-aquae, Dolichospermum lemmermannii and the potentially harmful Nodularia spumigena were found in the phytoplankton samples in various amounts.

    In the Bothnian Sea, the sea surface temperature during summer was lower than normal and the oxygen conditions in the bottom layer was not critical but still below normal levels.

  • Olofsson, Tommy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    En diktares grova händer2018In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 5, p. 54-57Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Pashkevich, Vohla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Pashkevich, Natallia
    Stockholm University.
    Swedish Information Economy: A Preliminary Account2017In: Dilemmas 2015 Papers from the 18th Annual International Conference Dilemmas for Human Services: Organizing, Designing and Managing / [ed] Sisse Finken, Christina Mörtberg, Anita Mirijamdotter, Vaxjo: LnuPress , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent developments and adoptions of digital technologies give rise to the growth of information economies, understood as an aggregate of economic activities that produce informational outputs. Several key characteristics of an information economy differ to the conventional economic wisdom derived from the industrial age, which may impose governmental policy implications and therefore constitutes a key question: how to govern the newly emerged information economy with the thinking of the industrial age economy. Resolving this problem requires, among others, comprehensive understanding of information economies. To that end, Sweden is among the most advanced adopters of digital technologies and represents therefore a suitable empirical base for the investigation of an information economy. This paper offers preliminary results from a first ever account of the Swedish information economy in terms of its value created, jobs and wages; this account shows that the Swedish economy is dominated by its information economy, which requires a careful attention of policy makers.

  • Mijuskovic, Adriana
    et al.
    South East European University, Macedonia.
    Ferati, Mexhid
    South East European University, Macedonia.
    User Awareness of Existing Privacy and Security Risks when Storing Data in the Cloud2015In: Proceedings of International Conference on E-Learning 15, European Commission, 2015, p. 268-273Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies have ranked the security and privacy of cloud-based systems to be a major concern for their adoption by companies, however, there are not many studies investigating users’ awareness level about these issues. An online study was conducted to study users’ attitude towards privacy and security of data in the cloud-based systems. The research was conducted by delivering an online questionnaire to Computer Science students and employees working in software development companies. The results showed that users in general are aware of existing privacy and security risks when storing data in the cloud, but they lack knowledge when asked to describe those risks and threats in detail. This study indicates a necessity to increase the privacy and security awareness to cloud users about the risks when storing their data in the cloud. 

  • Williams Portal, Natalie
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
    Flansbjer, MathiasRISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.Mueller, UrsRISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, CBI Swedish Cement and Concrete Research Institute.
    Analysis of the Flexural Behavior of Textile Reinforced Reactive Powder Concrete Sandwich Elements Using Optical Measurements2018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prefabricated and non-load bearing sandwich façade elements were developed using Textile Reinforced Reactive Powder Concrete (TRRPC) along with low density Foamed Concrete (FC) and Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) continuous connecting devices. Four-point bending tests were performed on large-scale TRRPC sandwich element beams to characterize the structural performance, which included the flexural capacity, level of composite action, resulting deformation, crack propagation and failure mechanisms. Optical measurements based on Digital Image Correlation (DIC) were taken simultaneously to enable a detailed analysis of the underlying composite action. The structural behavior of the developed elements was found to be highly dependent on the stiffness and strength of the connectors to ensure composite action between the two TRRPC panels.

  • Riemer Kankkonen, Nikolaus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language.
    Björkstrand, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language.
    Börstell, Carl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language.
    Crowdsourcing for the Swedish Sign Language Dictionary2018In: 8th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Involving the Language Community: Proceedings / [ed] Mayumi Bono, Eleni Efthimiou, Stavroula-Evita Fotinea, Thomas Hanke, Julie Hochgesang, Jette Kristoffersen, Johanna Mesch, Yutaka Osugi, Paris: European Language Resources Association, 2018, p. 171-174Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe how we are actively using the Swedish Sign Language (SSL) community in collecting and documenting signs and lexical variation for our language resources, particularly the online Swedish Sign Language Dictionary (SSLD). Apart from using the SSL Corpus as a source of input for new signs and lexical variation in the SSLD, we also involve the community in two ways: first, we interact with SSL signers directly at various venues, collecting signs and judgments about signs; second, we discuss sign usage, lexical variation, and sign formation with SSL signers on social media, particularly through a Facebook group in which we both actively engage in and monitor discussions about SSL. Through these channels, we are able to get direct feedback on our language documentation work and improve on what has become the main lexicographic resource for SSL. We describe the process of simultaneously using corpus data, judgment and elicitation data, and crowdsourcing and discussion groups for enhancing the SSLD, and give examples of findings pertaining to lexical variation resulting from this work.

  • Mesch, Johanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Sign Language.
    Schönström, Krister
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Swedish as a Second Language for the Deaf.
    From Design and Collection to Annotation of a Learner Corpus of Sign Language2018In: 8th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Involving the Language Community: Proceedings / [ed] Mayumi Bono, Eleni Efthimiou, Stavroula-Evita Fotinea, Thomas Hanke, Julie Hochgesang, Jette Kristoffersen, Johanna Mesch, Yutaka Osugi, Paris: European Language Resources Association, 2018, p. 121-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to present part of the project “From Speech to Sign – learning Swedish Sign Language as a second language” which include a learner corpus that is based on data produced by hearing adult L2 signers. The paper describes the design of corpus building and the collection of data for the Corpus in Swedish Sign Language as a Second Language (SSLC-L2). Another component of ongoing work is the creation of a specialized annotation scheme for SSLC-L2, one that differs somewhat from the annotation work in Swedish Sign Language Corpus (SSLC), where the data is based on performance by L1 signers. Also, we will account for and discuss the methodology used to annotate L2 structures.

  • Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Framtiden för Naturvårdsverket: tre workshoppar med Naturvårdsverkets personal2018Report (Other academic)
  • Höjer, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mjörnell, Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building Technology.
    Measures and Steps for More Efficient Use of Buildings2018In: Sustainability, article id 1949Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As urbanization continues and more people move into cities and urban areas, pressure on availablelandfornewconstructionswillcontinuetoincrease. Thissituationconstitutesanincentiveto reviewtheneedforinteriorspaceandusesofexistingbuildings. Agreatdealcanbegainedfromusing existingbuildingsmoreefficientlyinsteadofconstructingnewones: Reducedresourceusageduring construction(investments,naturalresources,andenergy),operation,andmaintenance;moreactivityper squaremeterofbuildingscreatesagreaterbasisforpublictransportandotherservices;moreintensive useofbuildingscreatesamorevibrantcitywithoutbuildingonvirginland. Theaimofthispaperisto initiateadiscussionregardinghowdigitalizationcanaffectthedemandandsupplyofinteriorspace in existing buildings and elaborate on how policy can support more resource-efficient uses of space. New activity-based resource measurements intended for use in buildings are proposed, and several principles that have the potential to decrease environmental impact through more efficient usage of space are outlined. Based on these ideas for encouraging the flexible use of building spaces that are facilitatedbydigitalizationandthenewmeasurementapproaches,afour-stepprincipleforconstruction isproposed: Thefirststepistoreducethedemandforspace,thesecondistointensifyusageofexisting space, the third is to reconstruct and adapt existing buildings to current needs, and the fourth is to constructnewbuildings. Urgingpolitical,municipal,construction,andreal-estatedecisionmakersto contemplatethisprinciple,particularlyinviewofthenewconditionsthatdigitalizationentails,willlead tomoresustainableconstructionand,inthelongterm,asustainablebuiltenvironment.

  • Ylikoski, Petri
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Agent-Based Simulation and Sociological Understanding2014In: Perspectives on Science, ISSN 1063-6145, E-ISSN 1530-9274, Vol. 22, p. 318-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses agent-based simulation as a tool of sociological understanding. Based on aninferential account of understanding, it argues that computer simulations increase ourexplanatory understanding both by expanding our ability to make what-if inferences about socialprocesses and by making these inferences more reliable. However, our ability to understandsimulations limits our ability to understand real world phenomena through them. ThomasSchelling’s checkerboard model of ethnic segregation is used to demonstrate the important roleplayed by abstract how-possibly models in the process of building a mechanistic understandingof social phenomena.

  • Lindholm, Beata
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nilsson, Maria H
    Lund University.
    Hansson, Oskar
    Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    The clinical significance of 10-m walk test standardizations in Parkinson's disease2018In: Journal of Neurology, ISSN 0340-5354, E-ISSN 1432-1459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The 10-m walk test (10MWT) is a widely used measure of gait speed in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, it is unclear if different standardizations of its conduct impact test results.

    AIM OF THE STUDY: We examined the clinical significance of two aspects of the standardization of the 10MWT in mild PD: static vs. dynamic start, and a single vs. repeated trials. Implications for fall prediction were also explored.

    METHODS: 151 people with PD (mean age and PD duration, 68 and 4 years, respectively) completed the 10MWT in comfortable gait speed with static and dynamic start (two trials each), and gait speed (m/s) was recorded. Participants then registered all prospective falls for 6 months.

    RESULTS: Absolute mean differences between outcomes from the various test conditions ranged between 0.016 and 0.040 m/s (effect sizes, 0.06-0.14) with high levels of agreement (intra-class correlation coefficients, 0.932-0.987) and small standard errors of measurement (0.032-0.076 m/s). Receiver operating characteristic curves showed similar discriminate abilities for prediction of future falls across conditions (areas under curves, 0.70-0.73). Cut-off points were estimated at 1.1-1.2 m/s.

    CONCLUSIONS: Different 10MWT standardizations yield very similar results, suggesting that there is no practical need for an acceleration distance or repeated trials when conducting this test in mild PD.

  • Ruvald, Ryan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Frank, Martin
    Volvo Construction Equipment, SWE.
    Johansson, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Data Mining through Early Experience Prototyping: A step towards Data Driven Product Service System Design2018In: 16th IFAC Symposium on Information Control Problems in Manufacturing, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry is ripe for disruption through innovative solutions that provide added productivity. Equipment manufacturers are attempting to disrupt their industry with investments in autonomy, electrification and product-service system business models. Designing solutions that will operate in completely new systems or modify an existing complex system require new approaches to address the uncertainty of system impacts. An iterative approach can help tackle ambiguity through cyclical validation of design decisions. Data mining in each cycle adds a quantitative dimension to the rationale of decision making, but data is sparse and difficult to collect in parallel with design of theoretical product-service systems operating in future scenarios. This can be combated using experiential prototyping techniques to design flexible infrastructure that supports contextualized data gathering in a variety of focused design sprints using Design, Build and Test approach. The intricacy of designing innovative solutions to increase productivity in the construction industry can be untangled by framing aspects of the problem in small sprints and testing them in a contextualized setting built to generate functional data to drive design.

  • Ylikoski, Petri
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Aydinonat, Emrah
    Bahcesehir University, Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Understanding with theoretical models2014In: Journal of economic methodology, ISSN 1350-178X, E-ISSN 1018-5070, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the epistemic import of highly abstract and simplified theoretical models using Thomas Schelling’s checkerboard model as an example. We argue that the epistemic contribution of theoretical models can be better understood in the context of a cluster of models relevant to the explanatory task at hand. The central claim of the paper is that theoretical models make better sense in the context of a menu of possible explanations. In order to justify this claim, we introduce a distinction between causal scenarios and causal mechanism schemes. These conceptual tools help us to articulate the basis for modelers’ intuitive confidence that their models make an important epistemic contribution. By focusing on the role of the menu of possible explanations in the evaluation of explanatory hypotheses, it is possible to understand how a causal mechanism scheme can improve our explanatory understanding even in cases where it does not describe the actual cause of a particular phenomenon.

  • Chowdhery, Syed Azad
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Bertoni, Marco
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Data-driven value assessment of packaging solutions2018In: 16th IFAC Symposium on Information Control Problems in Manufacturing, Bergamo, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in Product Service Systems design increasingly focuses on how to develop ‘capabilities’ for assessing the value of solutions already in  a design project fuzzy front end. A datadriven approach shall then guide engineers in the process of identifying what to develop, and not merely to verify if a solution meets (or not) performance requirements. This process of frontloading problem identification and solution generation activities with models is of high interest to raise quality and lower risk and cost for the development work. The objective of the paper is to explore the use of a data-driven approach to enable value prediction of packaging material configurations in early design. Its main objective is to present a methodological approach and a framework to connect high-level aspects of customer value with simulations and analysis conducted on the mechanical properties of packaging material.

  • Chowdhery, Syed Azad
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Bertoni, Marco
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Modeling resale value of road compaction equipment: a data mining approach2018In: 16th IFAC Symposium on Information Control Problems in Manufacturing, Bergamo, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resale value is an important aspect to be addressed when companies aim to shift from one-sale models to Product Service Systems (PSS). In the initial stages of the PSS design process, it is beneficial to predict how the mechanical features of the PSS hardware will impact resale value, so to orient business strategy decisions accordingly. The objective of this work is to propose a methodology to model the resale value of road compaction equipment using data mining techniques. By scrapping and merging data sets from the machine manufacturer and from dealers of second-hand machines, the work discusses how the derived correlations may be used to populate value models for early stage decision making.

  • Weiss, Frederik
    et al.
    Univ Tubingen, NMI Nat & Med Sci Inst, Markwiesenstr 55, D-72770 Reutlingen, Germany;SIGNATOPE GmbH, Reutlingen, Germany.
    Hammer, Helen S.
    Univ Tubingen, NMI Nat & Med Sci Inst, Markwiesenstr 55, D-72770 Reutlingen, Germany;SIGNATOPE GmbH, Reutlingen, Germany.
    Klein, Kathrin
    Dr Margarete Fischer Bosch Inst Clin Pharmacol, Stuttgart, Germany;Univ Tubingen, Dept Clin Pharmacol, Tubingen, Germany.
    Planatscher, Hannes
    Univ Tubingen, NMI Nat & Med Sci Inst, Markwiesenstr 55, D-72770 Reutlingen, Germany;SIGNATOPE GmbH, Reutlingen, Germany.
    Zanger, Ulrich M.
    Dr Margarete Fischer Bosch Inst Clin Pharmacol, Stuttgart, Germany;Univ Tubingen, Dept Clin Pharmacol, Tubingen, Germany.
    Norén, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Upper Abdominal Surgery.
    Wegler, Christine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy. Innovat Med & Early Dev Biotech Unit, Cardiovasc & Metab Dis, Molndal, Sweden.
    Artursson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Joos, Thomas O.
    Univ Tubingen, NMI Nat & Med Sci Inst, Markwiesenstr 55, D-72770 Reutlingen, Germany;SIGNATOPE GmbH, Reutlingen, Germany.
    Poetz, Oliver
    Univ Tubingen, NMI Nat & Med Sci Inst, Markwiesenstr 55, D-72770 Reutlingen, Germany;SIGNATOPE GmbH, Reutlingen, Germany.
    Direct Quantification of Cytochromes P450 and Drug Transporters-A Rapid, Targeted Mass Spectrometry-Based Immunoassay Panel for Tissues and Cell Culture Lysates2018In: Drug Metabolism And Disposition, ISSN 0090-9556, E-ISSN 1521-009X, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 387-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The quantification of drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters has recently been revolutionized on the basis of targeted proteomic approaches. Isotope-labeled peptides are used as standards for the quantification of the corresponding proteins in enzymatically fragmented samples. However, hurdles in these approaches are low throughput and tedious sample prefractionation steps prior to mass spectrometry (MS) readout. We have developed an assay platform using sensitive and selective immunoprecipitation coupled with mass spectrometric readout allowing the quantification of proteins directly from whole cell lysates using less than 20,000 cells per analysis. Peptide group-specific antibodies (triple X proteomics antibodies) enable the enrichment of proteotypic peptides sharing a common terminus. These antibodies were employed to establish a MS-based immunoassay panel for the quantification of 14 cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes and nine transporters. We analyzed the P450 enzyme and transporter levels in genotyped liver tissue homogenates and microsomes, and in samples from a time course induction experiment in human hepatocytes addressing different induction pathways. For the analysis of P450 enzymes and transporters only a minute amount of sample is required and no prefractionation is necessary, thus the assay platform bears the potential to bridge cell culture model experiments and results from whole organ tissue studies.

  • Ylikoski, Petri
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    The (hopefully) last stand of the covering-law theory: A reply to Opp2013In: Social Science Information, ISSN 0539-0184, E-ISSN 1461-7412, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 383-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his paper Karl-Dieter Opp heroically sets out to defend both the adequacy and sociological fruitfulness of the covering-law account of explanation (the HO scheme). The attempt is bold, as he is not only defending the HO scheme as a theory of explanation but also as a scheme for finding and establishing causal relationships. In this reply I argue that the defense is not successful; quite the contrary, it clearly demonstrates why mechanism-based reasoning is important in the social sciences. I also argue that this change in metatheoretical perspective has implications for thinking about the role of rational choice theory in sociology, which should not be seen as a foundational theory but rather as a version of commonsense psychology that can be used for modeling purposes.

  • Osbeck, Christina
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk profession.
    Franck, Olof
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk profession.
    Lilja, Annika
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk preofession.
    Sporre, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Possible competences to be aimed at in ethics education: ethical competences highlighted in educational research journals2018In: Journal of Beliefs and Values, ISSN 1361-7672, E-ISSN 1469-9362, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 195-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present varieties of ethical competence that are highlighted in ethics and moral education research articles, and to discuss them in the light of competences stressed in the Swedish curriculum, understood as an example of ethics education in compulsory school. The material consists of 1,940 educational research articles published between 2000 and 2015, and the method of analysis is inductive, focusing on ethical competence. One finding is the similarity between the study’s tentative formulation of identified ethical competences in four categories, and Rest’s understanding of acting morally, captured in the four components: sensitivity, judgement, motivation and implementation. Based on the analysis of the articles, broader understandings of these focuses are developed, and later discussed in relation to Swedish ethics education, characterised as both a conservative and liberal values education. The analyses and comparison show the importance of the components of moral sensitivity and moral implementation and their relative absence in the Swedish curriculum, but also how moral judgement must include a competence to evaluate moral motivations, where empirically testable reasons are also central. Moreover, the risk of neglecting contextual, situational and knowledge-related aspects of ethical competence is highlighted.

  • Schillinger, Philipp
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Automatic Control. Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence.
    Buerger, Mathias
    Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Automatic Control.
    Improving Multi-Robot Behavior Using Learning-Based Receding Horizon Task Allocation2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning efficient and coordinated policies for a team of robots is a computationally demanding problem, especially when the system faces uncertainty in the outcome or duration of actions. In practice, approximation methods are usually employed to plan reasonable team policies in an acceptable time. At the same time, many typical robotic tasks include a repetitive pattern. On the one hand, this multiplies the increased cost of inefficient solutions. But on the other hand, it also provides the potential for improving an initial, inefficient solution over time. In this paper, we consider the case that a single mission specification is given to a multi-robot system, describing repetitive tasks which allow the robots to parallelize work. We propose here a decentralized coordination scheme which enables the robots to decompose the full specification, execute distributed tasks, and improve their strategy over time.

  • Vahabi, Maryam
    et al.
    Faragardi, Hamid Reza
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    Fotohi, Hossein
    An analytical model for deploying mobile sinks in industrial Internet of Things2018In: 2018 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference Workshops (WCNCW), IEEE Press, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has the potential to be implemented in factories and supply chains to improve manufacturing efficiency. It is becoming more common to use mobile robots in such factories for further improvements. Adding data collection capability to the mobile robots would realize the mobile sink deployment in future factories. As it is important to reduce the deployment cost, we are aiming at a network with minimum number of mobile sinks while ensuring network reliability and timeliness. In this paper, we analytically model a given trajectory for the motion of mobile sinks and the routing of mobile sinks along the trajectory in an IIoT system. We introduce an optimization problem in the form of Integer Linear Programming (ILP) to specify the minimum number of required mobile sinks to reduce deployment cost of an IIoT system, and also to identify the routing of multiple mobile sinks along a given trajectory. The proposed ILP model can be solved by several existing off-the-shelf ILP-solvers.

  • Nordiska ministerrådet - budgetförslag: Planer och Budget 2019 framlagt av Generalsekreteraren2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det forslag til samlet budsjett for det nordiske samarbeidet i 2019 som her legges fram er utarbeidet på grunnlag av de budsjettanvisninger som de nordiske samarbeidsministre, etter å ha mottatt innspill fra Nordisk råd, vedtok i februar 2018. De enkelte fagministerråd har på dette grunnlag fremmet sine forslag til sektorvise satsninger. Den totale rammen for budsjettet er på nivå med 2018. Ordningen med et prioriteringsbudsjett som også omfatter formannskapslandets prosjekter, videreføres i 2019.

  • Juvonen, Päivi
    Stockholm University.
    Så lika men ändå så olika: om kanssa, kans och kaa i talad finska2013In: Keelemees Raag Raimo 60. / [ed] Tiina Söderman, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus , 2013, p. 33-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Juvonen, Päivi
    Stockholm University.
    Språk och lärande : Rapport från ASLA:s höstsymposium, Stockholm, 7-8 november 2008: Language and Learning : Papers from the ASLA Symposium in Stockholm, 7-8 November, 20082009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • Håkansson, Nina
    et al.
    SMHI, Research Department, Atmospheric remote sensing.
    Adok, Claudia
    Thoss, Anke
    SMHI, Research Department, Atmospheric remote sensing.
    Scheirer, Ronald
    SMHI, Research Department, Atmospheric remote sensing.
    Hörnquist, Sara
    SMHI, Research Department, Atmospheric remote sensing.
    Neural network cloud top pressure and height for MODIS2018In: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, ISSN 1867-1381, E-ISSN 1867-8548, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 3177-3196Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Juvonen, Päivi
    Stockholm University.
    Nyanländ i den svenska skolan: om mottagning, utbildning och forskning2016In: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 93-114Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Axelsson, Monica
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Juvonen, Päivi
    Stockholm University.
    Inledning: nyanlända barn och ungdomar i de nordiska länderna2016In: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 5-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Lindell, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Infection medicine.
    Söderquist, Bo
    Orebro Univ, Sch Med Sci, Fac Med & Hlth, Orebro, Sweden;Orebro Univ Hosp, Dept Lab Med, Clin Microbiol, S-70185 Orebro, Sweden.
    Sundman, Kristina
    Orebro Univ Hosp, Dept Lab Med, Clin Microbiol, S-70185 Orebro, Sweden.
    Olaison, Lars
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Biomed, Dept Infect Dis, Gothenburg, Sweden;Swedish Soc Infect Dis, Swedish Registry Infect Endocarditis, Gothenburg, Sweden;Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Infect Dis, S-41685 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Källman, Jan
    Orebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Infect Dis, Orebro, Sweden;Orebro Univ Hosp, Dept Infect Dis, S-70185 Orebro, Sweden.
    Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Propionibacterium species: a national registry-based study of 51 Swedish cases2018In: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0934-9723, E-ISSN 1435-4373, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 765-771Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Propionibacterium spp. are a rare cause of infective endocarditis (IE). The diagnosis is difficult because the bacteria are slow-growing and growth in blood cultures is often misinterpreted as contamination from the skin flora. The aim of this study was to describe all cases of Propionibacterium spp. endocarditis in the Swedish national registry of IE. The registry was searched for all cases of IE from 1995 to 2016 caused by Propionibacterium spp. Data concerning clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome were registered. A total of 51 episodes of definitive prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) caused by Propionibacterium spp. were identified, comprising 8% of cases of PVE during the study period. Almost all cases (n = 50) were male. The median time from surgery to diagnosis of IE was 3 years. Most patients were treated mainly with beta-lactams, partly in combination with aminoglycosides. Benzyl-penicillin was the most frequently used beta-lactam. A total of 32 patients (63%) underwent surgery. Overall, 47 patients (92.1%) were cured, 3 (5.9%) suffered relapse, and 1 (2.0%) died during treatment. IE caused by Propionibacterium spp. almost exclusively affects men with a prosthetic valve and findings of Propionibacterium spp. in blood cultures in such patients favors suspicion of a possible diagnosis of IE. In patients with prosthetic valves, prolonged incubation of blood cultures up to 14 days is recommended. The prognosis was favorable, although a majority of patients required cardiac surgery during treatment. Benzyl-penicillin should be the first-line antibiotic treatment option for IE caused by Propionibacterium spp.

  • Nowak, Christoph
    et al.
    Hetty, Susanne
    Salihovic, Samira
    Castillejo-Lopez, Casimiro
    Ganna, Andrea
    Cook, Naomi L
    Broeckling, Corey D
    Prenni, Jessica E
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Glucose challenge metabolomics implicates medium-chain acylcarnitines in insulin resistance2018In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 8691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Insulin resistance (IR) predisposes to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease but its causes are incompletely understood. Metabolic challenges like the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) can reveal pathogenic mechanisms. We aimed to discover associations of IR with metabolite trajectories during OGTT. In 470 non-diabetic men (age 70.6 ± 0.6 years), plasma samples obtained at 0, 30 and 120 minutes during an OGTT were analyzed by untargeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolomics. IR was assessed with the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp method. We applied age-adjusted linear regression to identify metabolites whose concentration change was related to IR. Nine trajectories, including monounsaturated fatty acids, lysophosphatidylethanolamines and a bile acid, were significantly associated with IR, with the strongest associations observed for medium-chain acylcarnitines C10 and C12, and no associations with L-carnitine or C2-, C8-, C14- or C16-carnitine. Concentrations of C10- and C12-carnitine decreased during OGTT with a blunted decline in participants with worse insulin resistance. Associations persisted after adjustment for obesity, fasting insulin and fasting glucose. In mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes exposed to different acylcarnitines, we observed blunted insulin-stimulated glucose uptake after treatment with C10- or C12-carnitine. In conclusion, our results identify medium-chain acylcarnitines as possible contributors to IR.

  • Halloran, Afton (lead)
    et al.
    Fischer-Møller, Mads Frederik
    Persson, Marie
    Skylare, Elisabet
    Solutions Menu - A Nordic guide to sustainable food policy2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time, the most innovative food policy solutions in the Nordic Region have been brought together in a single document. The Solutions Menu includes 24 policies that aim to change food consumption and intends to inspire new and robust policy responses to the societal and environmental challenges caused by our current food systems.

    The Solutions Menu is produced by the Nordic Food Policy Lab, one of six flagship projects under the Nordic prime ministers’ Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges initiative.

  • Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Co-creation of E-services enabled by the Digitalization of Physical Products2017In: Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, ISSN 1809-2640, E-ISSN 1807-1775, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 219-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the advent of digitalization, e-services are now enabled by embedded digital technologies in physical products such as vehicles, elevators, construction equipment. In spite of numerous instances of e-services enabled by the digitalization of physical products, little research has been carried out to investigate the characteristics of co-creation of such e-services. This paper attempts to fill the gap by reporting from a three-year long research project with a vehicle manufacturing company. Using the translation phases from the Actor-Network theory (ANT) as a theoretical lens, this paper presents three propositions that characterize the co-creation of e-services enabled by the digitalization of physical products. The propositions highlight the role of physical products, establishment of trust and setting priorities about digitalization.