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  • Kremel, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the start-up entrepreneurs face the Liability of Newness when problems and challenges often threaten business survival. Business advisory service, provided by public and private supplier contacts, can offer important knowledge and information, accompanied by various forms of assistance, and thereby decrease the entrepreneurs’ risk of failure and reduce their Liability of Newness. However, it is difficult to match the entrepreneurs’ need for such advice with the available advice. The support must meet the need. Most nations in the European Union have programs and projects that provide such support for entrepreneurs and SMEs. Special programs often support female entrepreneurs and/or immigrant entrepreneurs.

    This thesis examines the level and handling of the Liability of Newness with special focus on female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden. The four papers of this thesis take the perspective of these entrepreneurs. The research is based on a sample of 2 832 entrepreneurs who were interviewed (in a telephone survey) on their impressions and recollections on their need for and use of business advisory service in the start-up processes of their companies. Fulfilment of need is achieved when the need for business advisory service is matched with the right use of business advisory service.

    Heterogeneities as far as the level and handling of the Liability of Newness exist related to female entrepreneurs (vs. male entrepreneurs) and immigrant entrepreneurs (vs. non-immigrant entrepreneurs). Female entrepreneurs have a higher need for business advisory service than male entrepreneurs and also use more business advisory service than male entrepreneurs. As a result, female entrepreneurs can decrease the hazard rate for their companies and also reduce the Liability of Newness as their companies move toward the standard risk in their industry. Immigrant entrepreneurs also have a higher need for business advisory service than non-immigrant entrepreneurs. However, because immigrant entrepreneurs use business advisory service to the same extent that non-immigrant entrepreneurs do, immigrant entrepreneurs are unable to decrease the hazard rate for their companies or to reduce the Liability of Newness.The thesis makes both theoretical, methodological and practical contributions.

    The thesis may be of interest to government policy makers with its attention to the need and use of business advisory service by female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs.

  • Hansson, Oskar
    et al.
    Janelidze, Shorena
    Hall, Sara
    Magdalinou, Nadia
    Lees, Andrew J.
    Andreasson, Ulf
    Norgren, Niklas
    Linder, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
    Forsgren, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
    Constantinescu, Radu
    Zetterberg, Henrik
    Blennow, Kaj
    Blood-based NfL: A biomarker for differential diagnosis of parkinsonian disorder2017In: Neurology, ISSN 0028-3878, E-ISSN 1526-632X, Vol. 88, no 10, 930-937 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To determine if blood neurofilament light chain (NfL) protein can discriminate between Parkinson disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian disorders (APD) with equally high diagnostic accuracy as CSF NfL, and can therefore improve the diagnostic workup of parkinsonian disorders. Methods: The study included 3 independent prospective cohorts: the Lund (n 5 278) and London (n 5 117) cohorts, comprising healthy controls and patients with PD, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal syndrome (CBS), and multiple system atrophy (MSA), as well as an early disease cohort (n 5 109) of patients with PD, PSP, MSA, or CBS with disease duration <= 3 years. Blood NfL concentration was measured using an ultrasensitive single molecule array (Simoa) method, and the diagnostic accuracy to distinguish PD from APD was investigated. Results: We found strong correlations between blood and CSF concentrations of NfL (p >= 0.73-0.84, p <= 0.001). Blood NfL was increased in patients with MSA, PSP, and CBS (i.e., all APD groups) when compared to patients with PD as well as healthy controls in all cohorts (p, 0.001). Furthermore, in the Lund cohort, blood NfL could accurately distinguish PD from APD (area under the curve [AUC] 0.91) with similar results in both the London cohort (AUC 0.85) and the early disease cohort (AUC 0.81). Conclusions: Quantification of blood NfL concentration can be used to distinguish PD from APD. Blood-based NfL might consequently be included in the diagnostic workup of patients with parkinsonian symptoms in both primary care and specialized clinics.

  • Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Costa, Rafael
    Sleutjes, Bart
    Stonawski, Marcin Jan
    de Valk, Helga
    Comparative Study of Segregation Patterns in Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden: Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European Migrants2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use geo-coded, individual level register data on four European countries to compute comparative measures of segregation that are independent of existing geographical sub- divisions. The focus is on non-European migrants, and using aggregates for egocentric neighbourhoods with different population counts, small-scale, medium-scale, and large-scale segregation patterns are assessed. At the smallest scale level, corresponding to neighbourhoods with 200 persons, patterns of over- and under-representation are strikingly similar. At larger scale levels, Belgium stands out as having relatively strong over- and under-representation. More than 55% of the Belgian population lives in large-scale neighbourhoods with moderate under- or over- representation of non-European migrants. In the other countries, the corresponding figures are between 30 % and 40%. Possible explanations for this pattern are differences in housing policies and refugee placement policies. Sweden has the largest and Denmark the smallest non-European migrant population, in relative terms. Thus, in both migrant-dense and native-born dense areas, Swedish neighbourhoods have a higher concentration, and Denmark a lower concentration of non- European migrants than the other countries. For large-scale, migrant-dense neighbourhoods, however, levels of concentration are similar in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Sweden. Thus, if this pattern is linked to a high concentration of disadvantaged population groups, it shows that these countries are facing similar policy challenges with respect to neighbourhood contexts. Contexts that can have negative effects on outcomes such as employment, income and education. 

  • Boris, Kapustin
    Yale University.
    Evil and freedom: Reflections regarding Kant’s ”Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason”2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book aspires to show the inherent paradoxes of the “pure idea” of freedom and its foreignness, and possible contrariety, revealed in and by some specific historical-political contexts, to freedom as practice of human liberation. This theme is looked at mainly through the prism of Kant’s moral and political philosophy, which—by way of critical engagement with it—offers a particularly propitious vantage point for its exploration and elaboration. Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, with its dramatic juxtaposition and conjoining of freedom with evil, along with its emphasis on “radical evil” and, at the same time, its dismissal of “diabolic evil” (as something applicable to and practicable by humans) is particularly seminal in this respect. The book furnishes a political-philosophical reading of the paradoxes of Kant’s account of freedom and culminates in showing what they reveal and allow us to come to grips with politics in “real life”, in particular the politics of great revolutions.

  • Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Cooperation between university and society through research: the Kristianstad University research platform "Enterprising"2017In: Взаимодействие образовательных учреждений со стейкхолдерам: Веление времени / [ed] Astahova, E. V., Kharkiv: People's Ukranian Academy , 2017, 11-16 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I will discuss some issues concerning cooperation between academia and society in the context of the establishment of a cooperative research platform at Kristianstad University in Sweden. The platform aims at developing scientific knowledge and practical utility through cooperation between the university‟s resources, mainly its faculty, and practise in society, be it individuals or organizations, be it private, public or voluntary organisations.

  • Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nilsson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University.
    Zambian Refugee Policy: Security, Repatriation and Local Integration2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why has Zambia, in contrast to most of its neighbours in Southern Africa, not experienced war since independence? This study is an attempt to shed light on the relationship between Zambia’s peaceful history, in a region plagued by conflict and refugee-flows, and the country’s generous refugee policy. The Zambian refugee policy is examined in this study, using a multidimensional security perspective as a theoretical tool, developed by Barry Buzan in the book People, States and Fear. The study focuses on Angolan refugees and describes two processes in the refugee policy, on one hand a process of local integration of refugees (the Zambian Initiative), on the other, a process of helping the refugees return to their country of origin (the repatriation project). With the help of interviews with officials from the government of Zambia, UN-agencies, NGO´s and the University, and with interviews at a grassroots level, some important conclusions have been made about the Zambian refugee policy. The demobilisation of refugees, the location of the camps, preventing the refugees from being politically active, the availability of land and the ethnical structure in the country are all essential factors that have contributed to the fact that the refugee issue has not yet become a source of conflict. In sum we see the Zambian refugee policy as a mostly constructive one with the Zambian Initiative as an admirable project that beneficially could be transmitted to other countries.   

  • Risso, Valeria A.
    et al.
    Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Quim Fis, E-18071 Granada, Spain..
    Martinez-Rodriguez, Sergio
    Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Quim Fis, E-18071 Granada, Spain..
    Candel, Adela M.
    Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Quim Fis, E-18071 Granada, Spain..
    Krüger, Dennis M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Structure and Molecular Biology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Pantoja-Uceda, David
    CSIC, Inst Quim Fis Rocasolano, Dept Quim Fis Biol, C Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid, Spain..
    Ortega-Munoz, Mariano
    Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Quim Organ, E-18071 Granada, Spain..
    Santoyo-Gonzalez, Francisco
    Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Quim Organ, E-18071 Granada, Spain..
    Gaucher, Eric A.
    Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Biol, Sch Chem & Biochem, Parker H Petit Inst Bioengn & Biosci, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Kamerlin, Shina C. Lynn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Structure and Molecular Biology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Bruix, Marta
    CSIC, Inst Quim Fis Rocasolano, Dept Quim Fis Biol, C Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid, Spain..
    Gavira, Jose A.
    Univ Granada, CSIC, Inst Andaluz Ciencias Tierra, Lab Estudios Cristalog, Ave la Palmeras 4, Granada 18100, Armilla, Spain..
    Sanchez-Ruiz, Jose M.
    Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Quim Fis, E-18071 Granada, Spain..
    De novo active sites for resurrected Precambrian enzymes2017In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, 16113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Protein engineering studies often suggest the emergence of completely new enzyme functionalities to be highly improbable. However, enzymes likely catalysed many different reactions already in the last universal common ancestor. Mechanisms for the emergence of completely new active sites must therefore either plausibly exist or at least have existed at the primordial protein stage. Here, we use resurrected Precambrian proteins as scaffolds for protein engineering and demonstrate that a new active site can be generated through a single hydrophobic-to-ionizable amino acid replacement that generates a partially buried group with perturbed physico-chemical properties. We provide experimental and computational evidence that conformational flexibility can assist the emergence and subsequent evolution of new active sites by improving substrate and transition-state binding, through the sampling of many potentially productive conformations. Our results suggest a mechanism for the emergence of primordial enzymes and highlight the potential of ancestral reconstruction as a tool for protein engineering.

  • Namer, Barbara
    et al.
    Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Physiol & Pathophysiol, Erlangen, Germany.;Heidelberg Univ, Dept Anesthesiol, Mannheim, Germany..
    Ørstavik, Kirstin
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Sect Clin Neurophysiol, Dept Neurol, Rikshosp, Oslo, Norway..
    Schmidt, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Clinical Neurophysiology.
    Mair, Norbert
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Div Physiol, Dept Physiol & Med Phys, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Kleggetveit, Inge Petter
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Sect Clin Neurophysiol, Dept Neurol, Rikshosp, Oslo, Norway..
    Zeidler, Maximillian
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Div Physiol, Dept Physiol & Med Phys, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Martha, Theresa
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Div Physiol, Dept Physiol & Med Phys, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Jorum, Ellen
    Heidelberg Univ, Dept Anesthesiol, Mannheim, Germany.;Univ Oslo, Inst Clin Med, Fac Med, Oslo, Norway..
    Schmelz, Martin
    Heidelberg Univ, Dept Anesthesiol, Mannheim, Germany..
    Kalpachidou, Theodora
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Div Physiol, Dept Physiol & Med Phys, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Kress, Michaela
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Div Physiol, Dept Physiol & Med Phys, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Langeslag, Michiel
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Div Physiol, Dept Physiol & Med Phys, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Changes in Ionic Conductance Signature of Nociceptive Neurons Underlying Fabry Disease Phenotype2017In: Frontiers in Neurology, ISSN 1664-2295, E-ISSN 1664-2295, Vol. 8, 335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first symptom arising in many Fabry patients is neuropathic pain due to changes in small myelinated and unmyelinated fibers in the periphery, which is subsequently followed by a loss of sensory perception. Here we studied changes in the peripheral nervous system of Fabry patients and a Fabry mouse model induced by deletion of a-galactosidase A (Gla(-/0)). The skin innervation of Gla(-/0) mice resembles that of the human Fabry patients. In Fabry diseased humans and Gla(-/0) mice, we observed similar sensory abnormalities, which were also observed in nerve fiber recordings in both patients and mice. Electrophysiological recordings of cultured Gla(-/0) nociceptors revealed that the conductance of voltage-gated Na+ and Ca2+ currents was decreased in Gla(-/0) nociceptors, whereas the activation of voltage-gated K+ currents was at more depolarized potentials. Conclusively, we have observed that reduced sensory perception due to small-fiber degeneration coincides with altered electrophysiological properties of sensory neurons.

  • Winblad, Ulrika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Do public nursing home care providers deliver higher quality than private providers?: Evidence from Sweden2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, 487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Swedish nursing home care has undergone a transformation, where the previous virtual public monopoly on providing such services has been replaced by a system of mixed provision. This has led to a rapidly growing share of private actors, the majority of which are large, for-profit firms. In the wake of this development, concerns have been voiced regarding the implications for care quality. In this article, we investigate the relationship between ownership and care quality in nursing homes for the elderly by comparing quality levels between public, for-profit, and non-profit nursing home care providers. We also look at a special category of for-profit providers; private equity companies.

    Methods: The source of data is a national survey conducted by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare in 2011 at 2710 nursing homes. Data from 14 quality indicators are analyzed, including structure and process measures such as staff levels, staff competence, resident participation, and screening for pressure ulcers, nutrition status, and risk of falling. The main statistical method employed is multiple OLS regression analysis. We differentiate in the analysis between structural and processual quality measures.

    Results: The results indicate that public nursing homes have higher quality than privately operated homes with regard to two structural quality measures: staffing levels and individual accommodation. Privately operated nursing homes, on the other hand, tend to score higher on process-based quality indicators such as medication review and screening for falls and malnutrition. No significant differences were found between different ownership categories of privately operated nursing homes.

    Conclusions: Ownership does appear to be related to quality outcomes in Swedish nursing home care, but the results are mixed and inconclusive. That staffing levels, which has been regarded as a key quality indicator in previous research, are higher in publicly operated homes than private is consistent with earlier findings. The fact that privately operated homes, including those operated by for-profit companies, had higher processual quality is more unexpected, given previous research. Finally, no significant quality differences were found between private ownership types, i.e. for-profit, non-profit, and private equity companies, which indicates that profit motives are less important for determining quality in Swedish nursing home care than in other countries where similar studies have been carried out.

  • Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy. Lund University.
    Društvo i anomija. Sociološka analiza obavještajnog i operativnog policijskog rada i rada granične službe u oblasti Baltičkog mora (Society and anomie. Sociological analysis of intelligence and operational police and border guard work in the Baltic Sea area)2017In: ZBORNIK RADOVA ANOMIJA DRUŠTVA I POSLJEDICE / [ed] Macanović Nebojša, Petrović, Jagoda and Jovanić Goran, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina: CENTAR MODERNIH ZNANJA , 2017, 31-40 p., DOI: 10.7251/DDADP1702031BConference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resolution of the prevailing norms in a society in the context of war, occupation, anarchy,and takeover by criminal forces dispels the old norms but also sets new norms, which in turn can bequickly dispelled. Anomie can be understood as the core of society, as a kind of “pulsating moral destructiveness” that no one really can control but that paradoxically produces social order. Anomie does not arise from nothing, from the void; it is the product of the interactive dynamics that arise when individuals come together, acting as a propellant to lead individuals to meet. Émile Durkheim’s attention goes to how interpersonal interaction is creating changes in society, often showing thevarious pathological features that can lead to frustration and conflict. The individual’s quest toliberate himself from the collective as a result has a rootlessness and isolation. When the old network dissolves, it becomes impossible to maintain the old norms and values. The individual is no longer limited by the rules of morality and authority. Instead, the individual may develop a pattern of constantly exceeding all limits because the collapse of the former social control coincides with the development of the system that requires constant growth of individual needs. The product of such interactions is a state of society where there is uncertainty about the values, goals, and norms. Durkheim refers to this state as “anomie”. Durkheim analyzes deviation from the norm (as well as individual and societal response/reaction to the norm deviation, such as punishment) as an integral part of the issue of solidarity and social cohesion. The moral order in a society has a fundamental value according to Durkheim because individuals are both integrated with and controlled by the community. Durkheim saw integration as a way to tie the individual to the community through shared attitude, solidarity, and rituals. He saw control as a compelling force that binds the individual to the norms through the judicial system, laws, and sanctions. Durkheim defines a deviation from the normas an act that offends a strong and definite collective consciousness. Thus, the acts are antisocial inthat they violate norms and values that are important to the social unity. The work of intelligence and operational police and border guards in the Baltic Sea area (Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia) is characterized by the norm-creating and re-creating rituals from the first moments of theday: from the morning coffee and the first information exchange with an intelligence partner to operational actions in the form of surveillance or control of individuals and/or cars. These interactions are characterized by a strong desire to preserve the prevailing social order. In relation tothe threat to the prevailing norms, there also are normative rituals. For example, in these interactions,“norm-dissolving Russians” are constructed who are not physically present in the situation but whoare important in the relationship as invisible sacred objects. The making of the category “norm-dissolving Russian” in which Russia/Russians are used to dramatize the "other" is made visible in the empirical material when actors in the study describe (1) criminal Russians, (2) Russian espionage, and (3) Russian military invasion.

  • Stende, Truls
    Is the Nordic Region best in the world?2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    We often hear that the Nordic countries are at the top of one international index or another. International indices are lists ranking countries in a variety ofdifferent areas, such as inhabitants’ happiness or economic competitiveness. The number of indices and the attention they attract have increased markedlyin recent years, acquiring a significant degree of authority and legitimacy. Consequently the Nordic Council of Ministers’ policy analysis unit has studiedhow the Nordic Region would be ranked in some selected international indices if the region were one country.

    The indices we have looked at show that life in the Nordic Region is good. The region’s inhabitants are among the most prosperous in the world. There isconsiderable freedom of the press, and the region is one of the world’s least corrupt. Men and women enjoy greater equality than anywhere else on theplanet. And the region’s inhabitants are among the world’s happiest. That said, there is no certainty that the Nordic Region will retain its good rankings in theseindices. Like all other countries, the Nordic countries face major challenges in the years ahead. In order for life in the Nordic Region to remain good, the countriesmust maintain the mechanisms that support a high level of social capital, effective governance, and relatively egalitarian and equal societies.

    This report is written by the Nordic Council of Ministers' policy analysis unit. The report series will highlight relevant topics that are central from a Nordicperspective. This is the second report in the series. The first was ”Trust – the Nordic Gold”, which was published in spring 2017.

  • Larsson, Chatarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Ali, Muhammad Akhtar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Djureinovic, Tatjana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Lindroth, Anders M.
    Natl Canc Ctr, Dept Syst Canc Sci, Grad Sch Canc Sci & Policy, 323 Ilsan Ro, Goyang Si 10408, South Korea..
    He, Liqun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Vascular Biology. Tianjin Med Univ, Gen Hosp, Dept Neurosurg,Minist Educ & Tianjin City, Tianjin Neurol Inst,Key Lab Postneuroinjury Neuro, Tianjin 300052, Peoples R China..
    Sjöblom, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Loss of DIP2C in RKO cells stimulates changes in DNA methylation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition2017In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 17, 487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The disco-interacting protein 2 homolog C (DIP2C) gene is an uncharacterized gene found mutated in a subset of breast and lung cancers. To understand the role of DIP2C in tumour development we studied the gene in human cancer cells.

    Methods: We engineered human DIP2C knockout cells by genome editing in cancer cells. The growth properties of the engineered cells were characterised and transcriptome and methylation analyses were carried out to identify pathways deregulated by inactivation of DIP2C. Effects on cell death pathways and epithelial-mesenchymal transition traits were studied based on the results from expression profiling.

    Results: Knockout of DIP2C in RKO cells resulted in cell enlargement and growth retardation. Expression profiling revealed 780 genes for which the expression level was affected by the loss of DIP2C, including the tumour-suppressor encoding CDKN2A gene, the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulator-encoding ZEB1, and CD44 and CD24 that encode breast cancer stem cell markers. Analysis of DNA methylation showed more than 30,000 sites affected by differential methylation, the majority of which were hypomethylated following loss of DIP2C. Changes in DNA methylation at promoter regions were strongly correlated to changes in gene expression, and genes involved with EMT and cell death were enriched among the differentially regulated genes. The DIP2C knockout cells had higher wound closing capacity and showed an increase in the proportion of cells positive for cellular senescence markers.

    Conclusions: Loss of DIP2C triggers substantial DNA methylation and gene expression changes, cellular senescence and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cancer cells.

  • Andersson, Peter
    et al.
    Institutionen för svenska språket, Göteborgs universitet.
    Holmberg, PerInstitutionen för svenska språket, Göteborgs universitet.Lyngfelt, AnnaInstitutionen för didaktik och pedagogisk profession, Göteborgs universitet.Nordenstam, AnnaInstitutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion, Göteborgs univeristet / Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Luleå Tekniska universitet.
    Mångfaldens möjligheter : litteratur- och språkdidaktik i Norden: Elfte nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning, Göteborg, 5-6 december 20132014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att göra olikheter till en poäng var utgångspunkten för 2013 års konferens. Det var därför som vi gick ut med uppmaningen att se och forska utifrån olika perspektiv i vår inbjudan till konferensen; vi önskade såväl metodologisk mångfald som intersektionella perspektiv för att utveckla den  ämnesdidaktiska forskning som rör skolämnena svenska, norska, danska och finländska. Konferensen, som ägde rum den 5 och 6 december 2013 i Göteborg utgjorde den fjärde nordiska konferensen i modersmålsdidaktik (NNMF 4) och den elfte konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning (SMDI 11).

    Uppmaningen gav resultat. De svenska, norska, danska och finska forskningsbidragen som efter extern granskning och urval publiceras i Mångfaldens möjligheter. Litteratur- och språkdidaktik i Norden visar något av den bredd som finns inom språk- och litteraturdidaktisk forskning i Norden. Mångfaldstematiken framträder tydligast i den avdelning av volymen som fått rubriken ”Klassrummens mångfald”. Vad som här fokuseras är inte oväntat mångfalden av olika språk bland eleverna i Norden. De nordiska länderna har naturligtvis aldrig varit språkligt homogena områden, men det finns idag, inom såväl politik, pedagogisk profession som vetenskap, en bred samstämmighet om att undervisningen ska ta hänsyn till att en stor del av eleverna har andramodersmål än majoritetsspråket.

    Att undvika alla former av homogenisering när elever diskuteras framstår som centralt i sammanhanget. Flera av författarna riktar därför på mikronivå intresset mot vad som för enskilda elever får betydelse i deras möten med skolans språk- och litteraturundervisning. Detta kunskapsintresse låter sig väl förenas med undersökningar av den mångfald av texter, semiotiska resurser och digitala verktyg som elever med olika modersmål använder sig av för att skapa mening. Just den här dimensionen av mångfald understryks framförallt av de artiklarna i volymens inledande del, ”Texternas mångfald”.

    I volymens sista del, ”Mångfald i synsätt”, har några artiklar samlats som tillsammans lyfter fram den mångfald av olika forskningsperspektiv som ryms inom fältet svenska, norska och danska med didaktisk inriktning. Detta ska ses som en programförklaring: vi vill inte argumentera för samling kring ett enda forskningsparadigm utan istället uppmuntra till att fältets olika vetenskapstraditioner utvecklas såväl teoretiskt som metodologiskt. Ännu finns mycket kvar att utveckla genom en mångfald av samarbeten.

  • Stende, Truls
    Er Norden best i verden?2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [no]

    Man kan ofte lese om at nordiske land topper en eller annen internasjonal indeks. Internasjonale indekser er lister hvor land er rangert innenfor forskjellige temaer, som for eksempel innbyggernes lykke eller lands økonomiske konkurranseevne. Antallet indekser, og oppmerksomheten disse får, har økt kraftig de siste årene. De har oppnådd en betydelig autoritet og legitimitet. Nordisk ministerråds analyse- og utredningsenhet har derfor undersøkt hvor Norden ville plassert seg på noen utvalgte internasjonale indekser hvis Norden var et land.

    Indeksene vi har sett på, viser at det er godt å leve i Norden. Innbyggerne er blant de mest velstående i verden. Pressen er den frieste, og det er et av områdene i verden med minst korrupsjon. Kjønnene er mer likestilte enn noe annet sted.Og innbyggerne er blant de aller lykkeligste. Men det er selvfølgelig ikke gitt at Norden vil beholde de gode plasseringene på indeksene. De nordiske landene står, som alle andre land, overfor store utfordringer i årene fremover. For at det fortsatt skal være godt å leve i Norden, må landene opprettholde mekanismene som bidrar til at vi har en høy sosial kapital, et godt styresett og relativt egalitære og likestilte samfunn.

    Denne rapporten er skrevet av Nordisk ministerråds analyse- og utredningsenhet. Rapportserien skal belyse aktuelle emner som er sentrale i et nordisk perspektiv. Dette er den andre rapporten i serien. Den første var ”Tillid – det nordiske guld”, som ble utgitt våren 2017.

  • Langefeld, Carl D.
    et al.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Ainsworth, Hannah C.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Graham, Deborah S. Cunninghame
    Kings Coll London, Guys Hosp, Div Genet & Mol Med & Immunol Infect & Inflammato, London SE1 9RT, England..
    Kelly, Jennifer A.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Comeau, Mary E.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Marion, Miranda C.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Howard, Timothy D.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Human Genom & Personalized Med Res, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Ramos, Paula S.
    Med Univ S Carolina, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Charleston, SC 29425 USA.;Med Univ South Carolina, Dept Med, Charleston, SC 29425 USA..
    Croker, Jennifer A.
    UAB Sch Med, Div Clin Immunol & Rheumatol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Morris, David L.
    Kings Coll London, Guys Hosp, Div Genet & Mol Med & Immunol Infect & Inflammato, London SE1 9RT, England..
    Sandling, Johanna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular Medicine. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Hosp G Almenara, Dept Reumatol, Lima 15081, Peru..
    Almlöf, Jonas Carlsson
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular Medicine. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Hosp G Almenara, Dept Reumatol, Lima 15081, Peru..
    Acevedo-Vasquez, Eduardo M.
    Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Fac Med, Dept Reumatol, Lima 15081, Peru..
    Alarcon, Graciela S.
    Babini, Alejandra M.
    Hosp Italiano Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina..
    Baca, Vicente
    Hosp Pediat Mexico City, Ctr Med Nacl Siglo XXI, Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City 06720, DF, Mexico..
    Bengtsson, Anders A.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Rheumatol, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
    Berbotto, Guillermo A.
    Hosp Eva Peron, Granadero Baigorria, Argentina..
    Bijl, Marc
    Martini Hosp, Dept Internal Med & Rheumatol, NL-9728 NT Groningen, Netherlands..
    Brown, Elizabeth E.
    Brunner, Hermine I.
    Cincinnati Childrens Hosp Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, Div Rheumatol, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA.;Univ Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA..
    Cardiel, Mario H.
    Ctr Invest Clin Morelia, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico..
    Catoggio, Luis
    Hosp Italiano Buenos Aires, RA-1181 Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Cervera, Ricard
    Univ Barcelona, Hosp Clin, Dept Autoimmune Dis, Barcelona 08007, Catalonia, Spain..
    Cucho-Venegas, Jorge M.
    Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Fac Med, Dept Reumatol, Lima 15081, Peru..
    Dahlqvist, Solbritt Rantapaa
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Div Rheumatol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    D'Alfonso, Sandra
    Univ Piemonte Orientale, Dept Hlth Sci & Inst Res Autoimmune Dis IRCAD, I-28100 Novara, Italy..
    Da Silva, Berta Martins
    Univ Porto, Inst Ciencias Biomed Abel Salaza, Unidade Multidisciplinar Invest Biomed, P-4099003 Oporto, Portugal..
    de la Rua Figueroa, Inigo
    Hosp Univ Gran Canaria Dr Negrin, Dept Rheumatol, Las Palmas Gran Canaria 35010, Spain..
    Doria, Andrea
    Univ Padua, Dept Med DIMED, Div Rheumatol, I-35122 Padua, Italy..
    Edberg, Jeffrey C.
    UAB Sch Med, Div Clin Immunol & Rheumatol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Endreffy, Emoke
    Univ Szeged, Fac Med, Albert Szent Gyorgyi Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary.;Univ Szeged, Fac Med, Albert Szent Gyorgyi Med Ctr, Child Hlth Ctr, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary..
    Esquivel-Valerio, Jorge A.
    Hosp Univ Dr Jose Eleuterio Gonzalez Univ Autonom, Monterrey 64020, Mexico..
    Fortin, Paul R.
    Univ Laval, CHU Quebec, Quebec City, PQ G1R 2JG, Canada..
    Freedman, Barry I.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Sect Nephrol, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Frostegard, Johan
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Immunol & Chron Dis, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Garcia, Mercedes A.
    Hosp Interzonal Gen Agudos Gen San Martin, Div Rheumatol, RA-1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina..
    Garcia de la Torre, Ignacio
    Univ Guadalajara, Dept Fisiol, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44100, Mexico..
    Gilkeson, Gary S.
    Med Univ South Carolina, Dept Med, Charleston, SC 29425 USA..
    Gladman, Dafna D.
    Toronto Western Hosp, Krembil Res Inst, Ctr Prognosis Studies Rheumat Dis, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada..
    Gunnarsson, Iva
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Rheumatol Unit, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Guthridge, Joel M.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Huggins, Jennifer L.
    Cincinnati Childrens Hosp Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, Div Rheumatol, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA.;Univ Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA..
    James, Judith A.
    Hosp Eva Peron, Granadero Baigorria, Argentina.;Univ Oklahoma, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Med, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA.;Univ Oklahoma, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Pathol, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Kallenberg, Cees G. M.
    Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Univ Groningen, Dept Rheumatol & Clin Immunol, NL-9713 GZ Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kamen, Diane L.
    Karp, David R.
    Univ Texas Southwestern Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Immunol, Dallas, TX 75235 USA..
    Kaufman, Kenneth M.
    Cincinnati Childrens Hosp Med Ctr, CAGE, Dept Pediat, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA..
    Kottyan, Leah C.
    Cincinnati Childrens Hosp Med Ctr, CAGE, Dept Pediat, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA..
    Kovacs, Laszlo
    Univ Szeged, Albert Szent Gyorgyi Med Ctr, Dept Rheumatol, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary..
    Laustrup, Helle
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Rheumatol, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark..
    Lauwerys, Bernard R.
    Catholic Univ Louvain, Clin Univ St Luc, Rheumatol, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium.;Catholic Univ Louvain, Inst Rech Expt & Clin, B-1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium..
    Li, Quan-Zhen
    Univ Texas Southwestern Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Immunol, Dallas, TX 75235 USA..
    Maradiaga-Cecena, Marco A.
    Hosp Gen Culiacan, Sinaloa 80220, Mexico..
    Martin, Javier
    CSIC, Inst Parasitol & Biomed Lopez Neyra, Granada 18100, Spain..
    McCune, Joseph M.
    Univ Michigan, Med Ctr, Ann Arbor, MI 48103 USA..
    McWilliams, David R.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Merrill, Joan T.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Miranda, Pedro
    Ctr Estudios Reumatol, Santiago 7500000, Chile..
    Moctezuma, Jose F.
    Hosp Gen Mexico City, Dept Reumatol, Mexico City 06726, DF, Mexico..
    Nath, Swapan K.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Niewold, Timothy B.
    Mayo Clin, Dept Rheumatol, Rochester, MN 94158 USA..
    Orozco, Lorena
    Inst Nacl Med Genom INMEGEN, Mexico City 14610, DF, Mexico..
    Ortego-Centeno, Norberto
    Hosp Univ San Cecilio, UGC Med Interna, Unidad Enfermedades Autoimmunes Sistem, Granada 18007, Spain..
    Petri, Michelle
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Rheumatol, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA..
    Pineau, Christian A.
    McGill Univ, Div Rheumatol, Montreal, PQ H3A 0G4, Canada..
    Pons-Estel, Bernardo A.
    Sanatorio Parque, Dept Rheumatol, Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina..
    Pope, Janet
    Univ Western Ontario, London, ON M5T 2S8, Canada..
    Raj, Prithvi
    Univ Texas Southwestern Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Immunol, Dallas, TX 75235 USA..
    Ramsey-Goldman, Rosalind
    Northwestern Univ, Feinberg Sch Med, Div Rheumatol, Chicago, IL 60611 USA..
    Reveille, John D.
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston UTHealth, Med Sch, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Russell, Laurie P.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA.;Wake Forest Sch Med, Dept Biostat Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27101 USA..
    Sabio, Jose M.
    Hosp Univ Virgen de las Nieves, Granada 18014, Spain..
    Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.
    Inst Nacl Ciencias Med & Nutr Salvador Zubiran, Dept Endocrinol & Metab, Vasco Quiroga 15, Mexico City 14080, DF, Mexico..
    Scherbarth, Hugo R.
    Autoinmunes HIGA Dr Alende Mar Plata, Unidad Reumatol & Enfermedades, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Scorza, Raffaella
    Fdn IRCCS CaGranda Osped Ma Repiore Policlin, Referral Ctr Syst Autoimmune Dis, I-20122 Milan, Italy.;Univ Milan, I-20122 Milan, Italy..
    Seldin, Michael F.
    UC Davis Sch Med, Dept Biochem & Mol Med, Sacramento, CA 95616 USA..
    Sjowall, Christopher
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Rheumatol Div Neuro & Inflammat Sci, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Svenungsson, Elisabet
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Rheumatol Unit, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thompson, Susan D.
    Cincinnati Childrens Hosp Med Ctr, CAGE, Dept Pediat, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA..
    Toloza, Sergio M. A.
    Minist Hlth, Catamarca, Argentina..
    Truedsson, Lennart
    Lund Univ, Dept Lab Med, Sect Microbiol Immunol & Glycobiol, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Tusie-Luna, Teresa
    UNAM Inst Nacl Ciencias Med & Nutr Salvador Zubir, Inst Invest Biomed, Unidad Biol Mol & Med Genom, Mexico City 14080, DF, Mexico..
    Vasconcelos, Carlos
    Univ Porto, Hosp Santo Antonio, P-4099003 Oporto, Portugal..
    Vila, Luis M.
    Univ Puerto Rico, Sch Med, San Juan, PR 00936 USA..
    Wallace, Daniel J.
    Cedars Sinai Med Ctr, Dept Med, Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA..
    Weisman, Michael H.
    Cedars Sinai Med Ctr, Dept Med, Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA..
    Wither, Joan E.
    Toronto Western Hosp, Krembil Res Inst, Ctr Prognosis Studies Rheumat Dis, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada..
    Bhangale, Tushar
    Genentech Inc, Human Genet, South San Francisco, CA 94080 USA..
    Oksenberg, Jorge R.
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Neurol, San Francisco, CA 94158 USA.;Univ Calif San Francisco, Inst Human Genet, San Francisco, CA 94158 USA..
    Rioux, John D.
    Univ Montreal, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada.;Montreal Heart Inst, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada..
    Gregersen, Peter K.
    Feinstein Inst Med Res, Ctr Genom Human Genet, Manhasset, NY 11030 USA..
    Syvänen, Ann-Christine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular Medicine. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Hosp G Almenara, Dept Reumatol, Lima 15081, Peru..
    Rönnblom, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Rheumatology.
    Criswell, Lindsey A.
    UCSF Sch Med, Rosalind Russell Ephraim P Engleman Rheumatol Res, Div Rheumatol, San Francisco, CA 94158 USA..
    Jacob, Chaim O.
    Keck Sch Med USC, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA..
    Sivils, Kathy L.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Tsao, Betty P.
    Med Univ South Carolina, Dept Med, Charleston, SC 29425 USA..
    Schanberg, Laura E.
    Duke Univ, Dept Pediat, Durham, NC 27708 USA..
    Behrens, Timothy W.
    Genentech Inc, Human Genet, South San Francisco, CA 94080 USA..
    Silverman, Earl D.
    Hosp Sick Children, Res Inst, Dept Pediat, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.;Hosp Sick Children, Res Inst, Inst Med Sci, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.;Univ Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada..
    Alarcon-Riquelme, Marta E.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA.;Univ Granada, Pfizer, Junta De Andalucia Ctr Genom & Oncol Res GENYO, Granada 18007, Spain.;Karolinska Inst, Unit Inst Environm Med, S-17177 Solnavagen, Sweden..
    Kimberly, Robert P.
    UAB Sch Med, Div Clin Immunol & Rheumatol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Harley, John B.
    Cincinnati Childrens Hosp Med Ctr, CAGE, Dept Pediat, Cincinnati, OH 45229 USA..
    Wakeland, Edward K.
    Univ Texas Southwestern Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Immunol, Dallas, TX 75235 USA..
    Graham, Robert R.
    Genentech Inc, Human Genet, South San Francisco, CA 94080 USA..
    Gaffney, Patrick M.
    Oklahoma Med Res Fdn, Arthrit & Clin Immunol Res Program, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 USA..
    Vyse, Timothy J.
    Kings Coll London, Guys Hosp, Div Genet & Mol Med & Immunol Infect & Inflammato, London SE1 9RT, England..
    Transancestral mapping and genetic load in systemic lupus erythematosus2017In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, 16021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with marked gender and ethnic disparities. We report a large transancestral association study of SLE using Immunochip genotype data from 27,574 individuals of European (EA), African (AA) and Hispanic Amerindian (HA) ancestry. We identify 58 distinct non-HLA regions in EA, 9 in AA and 16 in HA (similar to 50% of these regions have multiple independent associations); these include 24 novel SLE regions (P < 5 x 10(-8)), refined association signals in established regions, extended associations to additional ancestries, and a disentangled complex HLA multigenic effect. The risk allele count (genetic load) exhibits an accelerating pattern of SLE risk, leading us to posit a cumulative hit hypothesis for autoimmune disease. Comparing results across the three ancestries identifies both ancestry-dependent and ancestry-independent contributions to SLE risk. Our results are consistent with the unique and complex histories of the populations sampled, and collectively help clarify the genetic architecture and ethnic disparities in SLE.

  • Chrystal, Judith-Ann
    et al.
    Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Stockholms universitet.
    Lim Falk, MariaInstitutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Stockholms universitet.Hedman, ChristinaInstitutionen för språkdidaktik, Stockholms universitet.Josephson, OlleInstitutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Stockholms univeristet.Öhrn, MagnusBarn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen, Centrum för barnkulturforskning, Stockholms univeristet.
    Tionde nationella konferenseni svenska med didaktisk inriktning, Stockholm 18–19 oktober 2012: Genre2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tionde nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning (SMDI) hölls på Stockholms universitet i oktober 2012. Som värdar för konferensen stod Institutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria, Institutionen för nordiska språk samt Institutionen för språkdidaktik. Konferensens tema var Genre och omfattade litteraturvetenskapliga, litteraturdidaktiska, språkvetenskapliga och språkdidaktiska perspektiv. Programmet uppmärksammade också att årets konferens var den tionde konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning sedan konferensserien inleddes 2003 i Växjö. Den första konferensen var i första hand ett forum där de nya doktoranderna i Nationella forskarskolan i svenska med didaktisk inriktning presenterade sina forskningsprojekt. Forskningsfältet har vuxit och vidgats sedan dess. Den tionde konferensen samlade 135 deltagare huvudsakligen från Sverige men även från våra grannländer. Programmet innehöll fyra plenarföredrag och 33 sektionsföredrag. Ett urval av de inskickade abstracten antogs efter att ha genomgått en anonym granskningsprocess.

    Två av de inbjudna plenarföreläsarna belyste konferensens tema. John Polias från The Hong Kong Polytechnic University inledde konferensen med ett föredrag om tilllämpning av genrepedagogik: Perspectives from the classroom on genre and genrebased pedagogy and specifically the temporal explanation genre i science classrooms. Konferensens andra dag inleddes av Christian Mehrstam från Högskolan Väst som i ett genreteoretiskt perspektiv diskuterade läroplansskrivningar och studenters litteraturtolkning i sitt plenarföredrag Klassifikation, analys eller kulturell omförhandling? Den enskilda läspraktikens förhållande till genre.

    De två återstående plenarföredragen utgick från jubileumstemat. Caroline Liberg, Uppsala universitet, blickade tillbaka på hur forskningen inom svenska med didaktisk inriktning har utvecklats de senaste tio åren i föredraget Plogen i forskningsfältet: Nätverket Svenska med didaktisk inriktning. Christina Olin-Scheller, Karlstads universitet, avslutade konferensen med föredraget Multimodalitet, medier och metoder – utmaningar och möjligheter för SMDI som forskningsfält. Hon behandlade möjligheter och utmaningar som fältet står inför.

    I denna konferensvolym återfinns artiklar från två av plenarföreläsarna, Christian Mehrstam och Christina Olin-Scheller. En version av Caroline Libergs anförande är publicerad i Svensklärarföreningens årsskrift 2012. Tretton av sektionsföredragshållarna har valt att återge sina bidrag i artikelform.

  • Magnusson, Jenny
    et al.
    Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Lärarutbildningen, Södertörns högskola.
    Malmbjer, AnnaInstitutionen för kultur och lärande, Södertörns högskola.Wojahn, DanielInstitutionen för kultur och lärande, Södertörns högskola.
    Åttonde nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning, Södertörns högskola 25–26 november 2010: Språket, kroppen och rummet – multimodala och digitala perspektiv på lärande2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Åttonde nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning hölls på Södertörns högskola i november 2010. Temat för konferensen var Språket, kroppen och rummet – multimodala och digitala perspektiv på lärande. Konferensen samlade ungefär 140 deltagare och innehöll fyra plenarföredrag, trettiotvå sektionsföredrag och en forskningsstrategisk paneldiskussion om de nya kurs- och ämnesplanernas styrande funktion.

    De många presentationerna gav spännande och nya perspektiv på multimodalt och digitalt lärande i förskolan, hela grundskolan, gymnasiet, vuxenutbildningen och i vardagen och visade på bredden i forskningsfältet och på didaktiska möjligheter och utmaningar. De flesta presentationer behandlade barn och ungas produktion och användning av multimodala uttrycksformer, som film, bilder och digitala texter men även pappersburet skrivande och läsande inom olika genrer. Några presentationer problematiserade bedömningen av elevers multimodala och digitala kompetens och arbeten. Andra presentationer tog upp innehåll i och framställning av läromedel. Ytterligare andra förde en kritisk eller filosofisk diskussion om skriftens överlägsenhet, det skrivande barnet och läsandets rum.

    De fyra inbjudna plenarföreläsarna belyste konferensens tema utifrån aktuella forskningsprojekt. Elise Seip Tønnessen från universitetet i Agder utgick från projektet Multimodalitet, leseopplæring og læremidler och talade om ämnet Å lese og lære fra multimodal tekst. Charlotte Engblom från högskolan i Gävle talade om Barns skärmbaserade texthantering. Sammansatta texter och nya perspektiv på progression och bedömning med utgångspunkt i projektet Skilda världar? Texthantering hemma som resurs för lärande i skolan. Asta Cekaite Thunqvists, Linköpings universitet, föredrag hade titeln Multimodalitet ur ett andraspråksperspektiv: kroppsliga aspekter av kommunikation, undervisning och lärande och utgick från projektet Känslouttryck och informellt lärande i flerspråkiga klassrum. Patrik Hernwall, Södertörns högskola, avslutade konferensen med föredraget Digitala medier och ungas multimodala uttryck – nya möjligheter att skapa text utifrån projektet Ungas multimodala gestaltning – hur digitala medier kan användas för uttryck och reflektion.

    Två av plenarföreläsarna bidrar med artiklar. Elise Seip Tønnessen resonerar om skolstarten, skolans textkultur och barns naturliga multimodala utgångspunkt. Charlotte Engblom diskuterar det läsande och skrivande i vid bemärkelse som yngre barn ägnar sig åt i hemmiljö och i skolmiljö, främst via datorn, och hur det kan förstås utifrån en sociosemiotisk syn på texthantering.

    Här följer artiklarna från två av plenarföreläsningarna och ett urval av sektionsföredragen i bokstavsordning efter skribenternas namn. I en första avdelning har skribenternas sammanfattningar av artiklarna samlats.

  • Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Sustainability of Native Advertising: Organizational Perspectives on the Blurring of the Boundary Between Editorial and Commercial Content in Contemporary Media.2017In: What is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social and Economic Challenges of Journalism / [ed] Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson & Mart Ots, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 277-295 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Zhu, Jiqing
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Pavement Technology. KTH.
    Balieu, Romain
    KTH.
    Lu, Xiaohu
    Nynäs AB.
    Kringos, Niki
    KTH.
    Microstructure evaluation of polymer-modified bitumen by image analysis using two-dimensional fast Fourier transform2018In: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 137, 164-175 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aiming to quantitatively evaluate the microstructure of polymer-modified bitumen (PMB) for roads, this paper employs the two-dimensional fast Fourier transform (2D-FFT) to process the microscopic and numerical images of four PMBs. The related derivative parameters, including the characteristic frequency and wavelength, are computed from the 2D-FFT power spectrum. The results show that the absence/presence of a characteristic frequency (range) on the power spectrum can indicate the lack/existence of the corresponding periodical structural pattern(s) in the original PMB image. A lower characteristic frequency usually represents a coarser PMB microstructure while a higher one implies a finer PMB microstructure. The 2D-FFT method is thus valid for differentiating various PMB microstructures. The proposed method is also capable of quantitatively evaluating the effects of temperature and the temporal evolution of PMB microstructure during phase separation. As the separation continues, the decrease of characteristic frequency indicates the coarsening process of a PMB microstructure. Additionally, the numerical reproduction of the observed phase separation is evaluated with the same method. The quantitative comparison with the experimental results reveals that the simulations fairly reproduced the microscopy observation results despite some deviation. The proposed method provides a foundation for the microstructure-based modelling of PMB performance in the future.

  • Jansson, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Organized interests and foreign-educated professionals: The case of the associations for physicians and nurses in Swedem2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role and importance of employee organizations (i.e., unions) on policies concerning international migration have been studied extensively for decades. However, we know very little about the strategies of the organized interests of health care professionals. This paper will contribute to previous research, both internationally and in the Swedish context, on issues concerning the (re-)action of professional organizations towards migration reforms that might endanger the profession's control over their segment of the labor market. Through a study of the associations representing the two largest licensed health care professions in Sweden – physicians and nurses – the study investigates if, and how, they try to limit the competition in the labor market against reforms that are promoting increased mobility and international migration. The conclusions are mixed, suggesting that the long-term goals of professional associations are more important than strategies that might reduce the competition of foreign-educated practitioners in the short run.

  • Adelmann, Kent
    Lärarutbildningen, Malmö högskola.
    Sjunde nationella konferensen i Svenska med didaktisk inriktning, Malmö 18-20 november 2009: Att bygga broar –kulturella, språkliga och mediala möten2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här konferensen pekar på en enastående utveckling och utvecklingspotential för SMDI. Svenska med didaktisk inriktning kan numera betraktas som ett etablerat forskningsområde och har ett nära samarbete med motsvarande systerorganisationer i Danmark (Netværk for forskning i dansk-fagenes didaktik, DaDi) och Norge (Nettverk for norskdidaktisk forskning, NNDF). Konferensen i Malmö samlade 174 deltagare från de nordiska länderna och innehöll fyra plenarföredrag samt 49 sektionsföredrag, vilket visar både styrka och bredd.

    De 15 bidrag som presenteras i den här forskningsrapporten omfattar de fyra plenarföreläsningarna (av Jens Elmelund Kjeldsen, Caroline Liberg, Kathleen McCormick och Jon Smidt) samt elva av sektionsföredragen. Texterna handlar om många olika slags möten. Det kan gälla kulturella möten i det heterogena klassrummet (McCormick) eller i de nordiska kursplanernas språk- och litteraturundervisning (Hägerfelth & Skarstein). Och det kan gälla språkliga möten med lyssningens ABC (Adelmann) eller med postmoderna läromedel mellan tradition och fönyelse (Dahl). Eller mediala möten med de mediekulturella förändringarnas konsekvenser för läsreceptionen (Elmfeldt & Persson). Men även krockar, mellan mediering via PowerPoint eller retorik (Kjeldsen).

    Här finns svenskämnets territoriella utbredning i mötet med den moderna ungdomsskolan (Martinsson). Och här finns de lärarstuderandes möte med skolverkligheten (Östlundh) och elevernas möte med nationella prov i årskurs 3 (Borgström & Yassin). Eller lärarens möte med olika  skrivutvecklingsperspektiv på yrkesinrikade gymnasieprogram (Westman), seriernas potential i svenskundervisningen (Mehrstam) eller olika didaktiska läsarter (Bringéus). Och här byggs det broar mellan modersmålsskrivande och skrivande i alla andra ämnen (Smidt), och mellan en språkbaserad ämnesundervisning och en ämnesbaserad språkundervisning (Liberg). Men det varnas också för faran med bro-metaforen, som kan konstruera kulturella olikheter istället för att konstruera mening som bygger på våra likheter (Penne).

  • Jansson, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Läkarförbundet, Vårdförbundet och professionernas internationella mobilitet2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att studera om, och i så fall hur, de arbetstagar-organisationer som företräder läkare (Läkarförbundet) och sjuksköterskor (SHSTF/Vårdförbundet) har försökt inverka på de regleringar som på olika sätt påverkar i utlandet utbildade läkare och sjuksköterskors möjligheter att få legitimation och arbeta i Sverige. Utgångspunkten är att förbunden förväntas försöka påverka regleringar av yrket och förändringar av kraven på i utlandet utbildade yrkesutövare på ett sådant sätt att det minskar (eller håller tillbaka ökningen av) utbudskonkurrensen på deras segment av arbetsmarknaden. Rapportens slutsats är att förbundens politik endast delvis verkar i denna rikt-ning. Det långsiktiga målet att säkerställa yrkets status och ställning tycks i de flesta fall vara viktigare för förbunden, än att på kortare sikt försöka motverka den utbudskonkurrens som invandring och invandrare utgör.

  • Rönn Emsfors, Åsa
    et al.
    Central Hospital Kristianstad.
    Elgán, Carina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Patients' experiences of nursing actions during intravitreal treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to identify and describe nursing actions performed by nursing staff in which patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) experience good nursing care.

    Method: An explorative and descriptive qualitative design based on the Critical incident technique (CIT) was used. A strategic sample of 16 patients, aged 61-87 years (eleven women and five men) with wet AMD who received intravitreal treatment were interviewed.

    Results: Two main areas of good nursing care was identified during intravitreal treatment Being perceived as an individual and Creating confidence during visits, each area contained two categories. The two categories in the area Being perceived as an individual were; acting respectfully and being engaged. Acting respectfully was perceived when the nursing staff had a benevolent attitude and answered questions kindly and polite. The patients considered to be seen as an individual when the nursing staff were available for conversation and were present. The two categories in the area Creating confidence during visits were; encourage participation and inspiring confidence. Encouraging participation was perceived when the nursing staff continuously provided information. The nursing staff created confidence and trust by keeping promises and being honest.

    Conclusion: The interaction in the encounter between patient and caregiver is fundamental for patients' experience of good nursing care. It emphasise the importance of personal centred care even though the time for each patient is limited and the nursing staff have a demanding schedule. It would be desirable with specific guidelines for care of patient who gets intravitreal treatment. Without specific guidelines makes it difficult to implement person centred care and more quality time would benefit the patient.

                                                                                                   

  • Palmér, Anne
    et al.
    Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet.
    Fast, CarinaInstitutionen för didaktik, Uppsala univeristet.Kåreland, LenaInstitutionen för didaktik och Litteraturvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, EvaInstitutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet.
    Sjätte nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning: Muntlighetens möjligheter – retorik, berättande, samtal, Uppsala den 27–28 november 20082009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den sjätte konferensen i serien Svenska med didaktisk inriktning hölls i Uppsala i november 2008. Temat för konferensen – liksom för denna volym – var Muntlighetens möjligheter – retorik, berättande, samtal. De många presentationerna visade att ämnet hade inspirerat forskare med olika inriktningar, teoretiska och empiriska, retoriska och samtalsinriktade, språk- och litteraturdidaktiska med flera. Bidrag som låg utanför temat var också  välkomna och ett par sådana finns representerade i denna volym.

    Två av konferensens plenartalare bidrar med artiklar. Mads Th. Haugsted från Århus universitet resonerar om muntlighet i undervisning kontra undervisning i muntlighet. Medan muntlighet i undervisning framför allt är ett redskap för  att nå olika allmändidaktiska, litteratur-, medie och skrivpedagogiska mål, handlar undervisning i muntlighet om själva det muntliga uttrycket.  Undervisning i muntlighet är ett omfattande fält som kan beröra t.ex. muntliga textlandskap, frågor om språkbruk och pragmatik, retorik, drama och teater. Den andra plenartalaren, Synnøve Matre från Trondheim, diskuterar  samtalens möjligheter i barns utveckling och lärande. Hon visar att yngre barn för såväl presenterande som lekande och utforskande samtal. Utforskande samtalstexter kommer till genom strategier som att ställa upp villkor, att opponera sig, att jämföra och att låna språkliga format av samtalspartnern. Samtal är mycket viktiga för barns språk- och kunskapsutveckling, och Matre ger handfasta exempel på hur man i undervisningen kan arbeta systematiskt med att utveckla barns samtalsfärdigheter.

    Bland de övriga bidragen finns Anders Öhmans diskussion om det dialogiska klassrummet och Kent Adelmanns resonemang om lyssnandet i didaktiska sammanhang. Två bidrag behandlar uttalat retoriska spörsmål, dels Anders Sigrells artikel om lärarens förebildlighet och elevers förmåga att efterbilda, dels Berit Lundgrens artikel om arbete med retorik i Sydafrika och Sverige. Bedömning av elevers muntliga kompetens är temat i tre av bidragen. Barbro Hagberg-Persson diskuterar hur elevers språkbehärskning kan mätas i de nationella proven för årskurs 3. I Anne Palmérs artikel studeras det muntliga nationella provet för Svenska B i gymnasiet efter förändringarna ht 2007 och samstämmigheten i lärares betygssättning. Maria Brännström redovisar en intervjuundersökning med svensklärare om det tidigare muntliga nationella provet i samma kurs.

    Litteraturundervisning dryftas i två artiklar. Maria Ulfgard diskuterar, utifrån tre nordiska avhandlingar, forskning om och undervisning i litteratur med särskilt fokus på litteratursamtal. Litteraturundervisning på läkarutbildningen är ämnet i Margareta Peterssons och Annette Årheims bidrag. I ytterligare ett par artiklar behandlas skrivundervisning. Per Holmberg presenterar forskning inom projektet Text- och kunskapsutveckling i skolan (TOKIS), i en artikel omtextsamtal i skrivundervisningen på gymnasiet. Elevers skrivande av  sändare och webbtexters eventuella betydelse för detta är ämnet i Catharina Nyström Höögs artikel. Det sista bidraget i volymen är Bengt-Göran Martinssons artikel om den ämnesdidaktiska diskussion som har förts inom  Svensklärarföreningen.

  • Van Haren, Merel M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. Leiden Univ, Naturalis Biodivers Ctr, Vondellaan 55, NL-2332 AA Leiden, Netherlands..
    Rönn, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Schilthuizen, Menno
    Leiden Univ, Naturalis Biodivers Ctr, Vondellaan 55, NL-2332 AA Leiden, Netherlands..
    Arnqvist, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Postmating sexual selection and the enigmatic jawed genitalia of Callosobruchus subinnotatus2017In: BIOLOGY OPEN, ISSN 2046-6390, Vol. 6, no 7, 1008-1012 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Insect genitalia exhibit rapid divergent evolution. Truly extraordinary structures have evolved in some groups, presumably as a result of postmating sexual selection. To increase our understanding of this phenomenon, we studied the function of one such structure. The male genitalia of Callosobruchus subinnotatus (Coleoptera: Bruchinae) contain a pair of jaw-like structures with unknown function. Here, we used phenotypic engineering to ablate the teeth on these jaws. We then experimentally assessed the effects of ablation of the genital jaws on mating duration, ejaculate weight, male fertilization success and female fecundity, using a double-mating experimental design. We predicted that copulatory wounding in females should be positively related to male fertilization success; however, we found no significant correlation between genital tract scarring in females and male fertilization success. Male fertilization success was, however, positively related to the amount of ejaculate transferred by males and negatively related to female ejaculate dumping. Ablation of male genital jaws did not affect male relative fertilization success but resulted in a reduction in female egg production. Our results suggest that postmating sexual selection in males indeed favors these genital jaws, not primarily through an elevated relative success in sperm competition but by increasing female egg production.

  • Public defence: 2017-11-03 13:00 F3, Stockholm
    Karagulyan, Davit
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Certain results on the Möbius disjointness conjecture2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We study certain aspects of the Möbius randomness principle and more specifically the Möbius disjointness conjecture of P. Sarnak. In paper A we establish this conjecture for all orientation preserving circle homeomorphisms and continuous interval maps of zero entropy. In paper B we show, that for all subshifts of finite type with positive topological entropy the Möbius disjointness does not hold. In paper C we study a class of three-interval exchange maps arising from a paper of Bourgain and estimate its Hausdorff dimension. In paper D we consider the Chowla and Sarnak conjectures and the Riemann hypothesis for abstract sequences and study their relationship.

  • Darwesh, Ali K.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Rasmussen, Thorkild Maack
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
    Time Optimizing near the Pay Zone2017In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 9, no 10, 848-858 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Well control techniques are used in oil and gas drilling operations to control bottom hole pressure and avoid any fluid influx from formation to the well. These techniques are highly important near the pay zone in term of time. Controlling formation fluid pressure and thereby the formations behavior in a predictable fashion will help toward more optimized environmental friendly drilling operation. Time consumed to control the formation fluid pressure will range between few hours to many days. This paper discusses hydrostatic pressure distribution and changes near the pay zone for one oil blocks in Kur- distan, in the northern part of Iraq. Obtaining homogeneous increase in some drilling fluid properties will help the engineer to better interpret sampling of the lithological columns and reduce potential hole problems and operationtime.

  • Lindgren, Maria
    et al.
    Institutionen för humaniora, Växjö universitet.
    Byrman, GunillaVäxjö universitet.Einarsson, JanSpråk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.Hammarbäck, SolveigVäxjö universitet.Skoglund, Astrid
    Femte nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning: Forskningens tillämpning i skolan, Växjö den 29–30 november 20072008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tema för volymen är Forskningens tillämpning i skolan. I denna formulering ligger en önskan om att den didaktiska forskningen ska nå ut till skolorna. Två texter tyder på att så inte sker. Rolf Hedquists text handlar om den forskningsinformation som han får ta del av som jordbrukare och hästägare och lyfter fram den som ett gott exempel på forskningsförmedling. Han poängterar också att forskningsproblemen bör genereras i skolan och belysas i nära samarbete med skolans lärare. Hans text inspirerar till en bättre koppling mellan den didaktiska forskningen och skolpraktiken. Britta Herder presenterar en översikt om forskning om läs‐ och skrivundervisning som hon arbetat med åt Skolverket, och även den uppvisar en bild av att forskningen inte når ut till skolorna, men också att det är mycket som är outforskat vad gäller läs‐ och skrivundervisningen. De andra artiklarna visar att det finns en stark koppling mellan svenskdidaktisk forskning och skolpraktik, men problemet är att forskningsresultaten inte tycks nå ut till dem som närmast berörs av dem.

    Några bidrag innehåller beskrivningar av svenskdidaktiken. Sofia Ask visar att det är de enskilda gymnasielärarnas didaktiska ställningstaganden som avgör om eleverna förbereds för det akademiska skrivandet. Maria Lindgren har studerat individuella utvecklingsplaner (IUP) i tre årskurser i grundskolan och visar att skrivandet får stort utrymme i planerna i åk 2, att muntligheten får stort utrymme i åk 8 och att kommentarer om att läsa och skriva endast tas upp i åk 5 om språkfärdigheterna upplevs som problematiska. Stefan Lundström beskriver hur fiktionstexter väljs i gymnasiets svenskundervisning. Han pekar på att läroplaner kan vara svåra att tolka och därför leder till osäkerhet bland lärarna, vilket i sin tur leder till en reproduktiv undervisning. Maria Löfgren resonerar om varför skönlitteratur är viktig inom svenskämnet och beskriver hur läsningen gestaltas i två klassiska verk.

    Några andra bidrag handlar om hur undervisningen kan förbättras i överensstämmelse med de mål som finns i kursplanerna. Ewa Bergh Nestlog ger idéer till undervisning om argumenterande skrivande för 10–12‐åringar, Mary Ingemansson ger förslag på hur skönlitteratur kan användas för att ge ökad historiemedvetenhet hos 10–11‐åringar, och Christina Olin Scheller uppmanar lärarna att utnyttja de digitala mediernas ”medskapande kulturer” som informella lärandemiljöer. Anne Palmér beskriver sitt avhandlingsarbete om muntlig kommunikation i gymnasieskolan – hur hon bestämde sig för ämne och teoretisk anknytning och hur hon valde material och analysmetoder – när hon problematiserar begreppet ’språklig färdighet’ och argumenterar för att innehåll och form ska ses som en språklig enhet i undervisningen. Slutligen argumenterar Anders Sigrell för att lärarstudenter som ska undervisa i svenska själva bör ha tränat sitt skrivande, och han rekommenderar de antika progymnasmataövningarna, som också beskrivs i artikeln.

    En mer teoretisk ansats finns i Kristina Danielssons och Ulla Ekvalls artikel som sätter forskningsmetoden i centrum när de diskuterar sina planer på att analysera ett forskningsmaterial hämtat från ämnet kemi i svenska och finska klassrum.

  • Adamo, Nasrat
    et al.
    Al-Ansari, Nadhir
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
    Laue, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
    Knutsson, Sven
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
    Sissakian, Varoujan
    Department of Geology, University of Kurdistan, Hewler.
    Risk Management Concepts in Dam Safety Evaluation:Mosul Dam as a Case Study2017In: Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, E-ISSN 1934-7367, Vol. 11, no 7, 635-652 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gradual shift has been observed lately of dam safety procedures from the conventional technical based towards a widerscope of risk management procedure based on risk analysis. The new approach considers the likelihood level of occurrence of a multitude of hazards and the magnitude of the resulting possible consequences in case of failure using rational cause and effect arguments. Most dam owners are shifting towards the use of the new risk based procedures; and even governments themselves are moving towards formalizing the new trend. Legislations in the United States were promulgated [1] after serious dam failures and the adoption of stringent levels of scrutiny led such federal dam owners to pioneer in this field and in developing the concepts and methods required. The corner stone in risk analysis is the definition of the potential modes that may lead to failure and assessment of the likelihood levels of their occurrence and possible category of the consequences which, after thorough evaluation, will shape thedecision making. This type of analysis was applied to Mosul Dam as a case study and resulted in definite recommendations.

  • Li, Chun-Mei
    et al.
    Shenyang Normal Univ, Coll Phys Sci & Technol, Shenyang 110034, Peoples R China.;Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, 72 Wenhua Rd, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Börje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.; Dalian Univ Technol, Sch Phys & Optoelect Technol, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China.;Dalian Univ Technol, Coll Adv Sci & Technol, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Vitos, Levente
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Wigner Res Ctr Phys, Res Inst Solid State Phys & Opt, POB 49, HU-1525 Budapest, Hungary..
    Physical mechanism of delta-delta '-epsilon phase stability in plutonium2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 5632Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on first-principle calculations, we have systematically explored the nature of the elastic stability and the delta-delta'-epsilon phase transitions in pure Pu at high temperature. It is found that, both the electronphonon coupling and the spin fluctuation effects tend to decrease the tetragonal elastic constant (C') of delta-Pu, accounting for its anomalous softening at high temperature. The lattice thermal expansion together with the electron-phonon coupling can stiffen C' of epsilon-Pu, promoting its mechanical stability at high temperature. The delta-epsilon transition is calculated to take place around 750-800 K, and is dominated by the phonon vibration. The delta' intermediate phase is realized around 750 K mainly because of the thermal spin fluctuation.

  • Sigrell, Anders
    et al.
    Språk och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.
    Einarsson, JanSpråk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.Hedqvist, RolfFakulteten för lärarutbildning, Umeå universitet.Kåreland, LenaUppsala universitet.Lundgren, BeritInstitutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet.Munck, Kerstin
    Fjärde nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning: Tala, lyssna, skriva, läsa, lära – modersmåls-ndervisning i ett nordiskt perspektiv, Umeå 16–17 november 20062007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Temat för konferensen i Umeå var ”Tala, lyssna, skriva, läsa, lära –  modersmålsundervisning i ett nordiskt perspektiv”. De inledande fem honnörsorden i rubriken var inte tänkta som ett eko ur det förflutna, det vill säga från momentsplittringen i de gamla Lgr 69 och Lgy 70, utan fick ge namn åt parallella sessioner där svenskämnets helhet var en självklar utgångspunkt. Forskning om elevers språkutveckling i vid mening stimuleras av en vidare didaktisk syn som inte begränsas till enbart modersmålsundervisning. Forskning om hur man talar, lyssnar, läser och skriver i inlärningssituationer är något vi vill tro kan komma all undervisning till del.

    Det finns en risk med att sätta ’språkutveckling’ i fokus, som om studier inom fältet Svenska med didaktisk inriktning vore renodlat språkinriktade. Så är det inte. Forskning om hur skönlitteratur, och andra kommunikationsformer, kommer in i klassrummet är ett centralt forskningsområde som Nätverket vill stödja, vilket läsaren av denna konferensvolym kommer att upptäcka. Rapporter från projektet ”Den skönlitterära texten i skola och lärarutbildning” liksom samtal om framtida möjliga projekt var uppskattade inslag i konferensen. Svenska är det största ämnet i skolan, med vilka mått man än mäter och vilka aspekter man än betonar. I skolämnet Svenska ingår språk- och litteraturstudier. En lektor och lärarutbildare har än så länge normalt bara fördjupad kompetens i en av ämnets delar. Framväxten av forskarutbildning inom Svenska med didaktisk inriktning innebär på sikt en dubblering av kompetensen. Glädjande nog deltog flera doktorander och disputerade inom fältet Svenska med didaktisk inriktning i konferensen, vilket också avspeglas i denna volym.

    Ett utvecklat samarbete mellan universitetsämnena nordiska språk och litteraturvetenskap samt med Lärarutbildningen är en självklar förutsättning för utbildning av kvalificerade svensklärare. Vid Umeå universitet studeras nordiska språk och litteraturvetenskap vid en och samma institution, en lösning som bidragit till ett fördjupat samarbete i lärarutbildningen. Representanter från lärarutbildning, litteraturvetenskap och nordiska språk ingår också i ledningsgruppen för Nätverket, vilket bidragit till att arbetet med konferensen och konferensvolymen varit stimulerande och verklighetsförankrat.

    Svenskämnets storlek och betydelse gör att behovet av forskning inom både ungdomsskola, lärarutbildningar och andra inlärningssituationer är mycket stort. Nätverkets konferenser ska stimulera till adekvat forskning inom området och vara en naturlig mötesplats för forskare att presentera sina rön. Med konferensvolymen från Smdi:s fjärde konferens tar vi ännu ett steg framåt. Plenarföredragen får inleda volymen, varefter sektionsföredragen kommer i bokstavsordning.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-31 10:15 1B 309, Sjöströmsalen, Karlstad
    Larsson, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Measurement of Self-Heating of Biomass Pellets using Isothermal Calorimetry2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-heating in storage facilities of biomass pellet can lead to spontaneous combustion. This has resulted in many fires over the years, causing both financial and environmental losses.

    In order to assess the risk for spontaneous combustion of biomass pellets during storage, it is important to know how prone the fuel is to self-heating, i.e. to determine its reactivity. This thesis presents experimental work performed to develop a sensitive screening test procedure for biomass pellets, using isothermal calorimetry for direct measurement of the heat production rate. This method can be used to compare the reactivity of different biomass pellets. This could be useful for e.g. facility owners to gain better knowledge of their fuels propensity for self-heating and thereby facilitate safer storage.

    The screening test procedure can also be used for research purposes. Experiments have been performed with 31 different biomass pellet batches to investigate how the pellet composition, origin, etc. influence the reactivity of the pellets. The results from these experiments clearly show a significant difference in reactivity between different types of pellets. The results indicate that pine/spruce mix pellets are significantly more reactive than all other types of pellets tested, and that pellets consisting of 100 % pine are more reactive than pellets consisting of 100 % spruce. Pellets produced from winery wastes, straw, or eucalyptus, have low reactivity compared to pellets consisting of pine and/or spruce. The reactivity of the pellets was shown to be reduced by either introducing certain types of anti-oxidants into the pellets or by extracting lipids from the raw material of pellets.

    The screening test procedure is already being used today by some facility owners for assessing their fuels propensity for self-heating. The procedure is also one of the suggested test methods in “ISO/CD 20049 Solid biofuels — Determination of self-heating of pelletized biofuels”.

  • Public defence: 2017-11-08 10:00 Auditorium 215, Humanistvillan, Stockholm
    Hübben, Kelly
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    A Genre of Animal Hanky Panky?: Animal representations, anthropomorphism and interspecies relations in The Little Golden Books.2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the visual and verbal representations of animals in a selection of commercial picture books for a young readership of preschool children. The picture books selected are part of the Little Golden Book series. The first twelve books in this series were published in the United States in 1942 and are still in print today, while new books are continually being published. Because these popular picture books have had a broad readership from their inception and the books in the series have a uniform aesthetics, a comparative analysis provides insight into mainstream human-animal relationships. 

    Children’s literature is never innocent, and fraught with power imbalances. Animals become political beings, not only in the sense that they convey a didactic message, but in the sense that each animal representation carries a host of ideas and assumptions about human-animal relations with it. Using a theoretical framework that is grounded in Human Animal Studies (HAS), and more specifically literary animal studies, this dissertation analyzes the representation of human-animal interactions and relationships in different contexts. 

    Before the advent of HAS, anthropocentric, humanist interpretations of animal presence in children’s literature used to be prevalent. Commercial picture books in particular could benefit from readings that investigate animal presence without immediately resorting to humanist interpretations. One way of doing that is to start by questioning how interspecies difference and hierarchy is constructed in these books, verbally, visually and in the interaction between words and images. Based on this, we can speculate about the consequences this may have for the reader’s conceptualization of human-animal relationships. In children’s literature speciesism and ageism often intersect, for example when young children are compared with (young) animals or when animals are presented as stand-ins for young children. This dissertation explores the mechanisms behind the representation of species difference in commercial picture books. 

    The aim of this study is to analyze how commercial picture books like the Little Golden Books harbor a potential to shape young readers’ ideas about humanity and animality, species difference and hierarchy and the possibilities of interspecies interactions. The socializing function that is an important component of all children’s books makes that these picture books can shape readers’ attitudes from an early age. When reading children’s books featuring animals, the particular way these animals are represented guides the reader towards an ideology – and in the West, this ideology is predominantly anthropocentric. In Western cultures, children and animals are commonly thought of as natural allies, and as such they are often depicted as opposed to adult culture. 

    This dissertation identifies the ways in which certain conservative tendencies are activated by these commercial picture books, but also emphasizes that they can be a subversive space where anthropocentrism can be challenged. The case studies developed in this dissertation demonstrate how even so-called ’unsophisticated’ picture books contain interesting strains of animal related ideology worthy of in-depth analysis. The visual and verbal dimensions of these picture books show that these stories are embedded in a cultural context that helps give meaning to the animals. A recurring concern is the function of anthropomorphism and the role it plays in how we value the animals in these books. I am particularly interested in how picture books depict various degrees of anthropomorphism, because it has the potential to challenge species boundaries and disrupt the human-animal dichotomy.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Bergeås, Elin Kuutmann
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bokan, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P.O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Isacson, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Mårtensson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Öhman, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Rangel-Smith, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    De Bruin, Pedro Sales
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Measurements of integrated and differential cross sections for isolated photon pair production in pp collisions at root s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector2017In: Physical review D, ISSN 2470-0010, Vol. 95, no 11, 112005Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A measurement of the production cross section for two isolated photons in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 8 TeV is presented. The results are based on an integrated luminosity of 20.2 fb(-1) recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurement considers photons with pseudorapidities satisfying vertical bar eta(gamma)vertical bar< 1.37 or 1.56 <vertical bar eta(gamma)vertical bar< 2.37 and transverse energies of respectively E-T,1(gamma) > 40 GeV and E-T,2(gamma) > 30 GeV for the two leading photons ordered in transverse energy produced in the interaction. The background due to hadronic jets and electrons is subtracted using data-driven techniques. The fiducial cross sections are corrected for detector effects and measured differentially as a function of six kinematic observables. The measured cross section integrated within the fiducial volume is 16.8 +/- 0.8 pb. The data are compared to fixed-order QCD calculations at next-to-leading-order and next-to-next-to-leading-order accuracy as well as next-to-leading-order computations including resummation of initial-state gluon radiation at next-to-next-to-leading logarithm or matched to a parton shower, with relative uncertainties varying from 5% to 20%.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Bergeås, Elin Kuutmann
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P.O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Madsen, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Öhman, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Rangel-Smith, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Measurement of forward-backward multiplicity correlations in lead-lead, proton-lead, and proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector2017In: Physical review C, ISSN 2469-9985, Vol. 95, no 6, 064914Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two-particle pseudorapidity correlations are measured in root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV Pb + Pb, root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV p+Pb, and root s = 13 TeV pp collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), with total integrated luminosities of approximately 7 mu b(-1), 28 nb(-1), and 65 nb(-1), respectively. The correlation function CN(eta(1),eta(2))is measured as a function of event multiplicity using charged particles in the pseudorapidity range |eta| < 2.4. The correlation function contains a significant short-range component, which is estimated and subtracted. After removal of the short-range component, the shape of the correlation function is described approximately by 1 + < a(1)(2)>(1/2) eta(1) eta(2) in all collision systems over the full multiplicity range. The values of < a(1)(2)>(1/2) are consistent for the opposite-charge pairs and same-charge pairs, and for the three collision systems at similar multiplicity. The values of < a(1)(2)>(1/2) and the magnitude of the short-range component both follow a power-law dependence on the event multiplicity. The short-range component in p + Pb collisions, after symmetrizing the proton and lead directions, is found to be smaller at a given eta than in pp collisions with comparable multiplicity.

  • Svensson, Nils-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Pollen- och OSL-analys, Lussabacken norr: bilaga 112016In: Lussabacken norr: boplatslämningar från mesolitikum, neolitikum, bronsålder och järnålder. Särskild arkeologisk undersökning 2011. Ysane socken, Sölvesborgs kommun i Blekinge län / [ed] Elisabeth Rudebeck, Karlskrona: Blekinge Museum , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Bo, Mattiasson
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Mårtensson, Lennart
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    FoU-strategi för biogas: ett uppdrag inom ramen för Skånes färdplan för biogas2014Report (Other academic)
  • Grip, Niklas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mathematical Science.
    Sabourova, Natalia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Tu, Yongming
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering. Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Vibrationsanalys för tillståndsbedömning av byggkonstruktioner: Tillämpningsexempel : (Main results and summary in Swedish. Detailed results in English Appendices.)2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the project,methods are presented and appliedfor assessment ofdifferent types ofbuilding structures with and without damages.The assessmentis done withhelp ofvibration analysis.Detection of defects of different types and sizes are discussed. The influence of boundary conditions isstudied in order to get agreement between predicted and measured Eigen modes and Eigen frequencies.With the program that has been developed,is it now possible to detect cracks in simple concrete structures with help of measurements of vibrations. For more advanced structures there is a potentialto further develop the program. Measurements and analyses have been made for fivestructures:(1) A concrete slab–Cracks have been detected based on vibrationmeasurementsand a successivelyupdated Finite Element Model (FEM).(2) Aconcrete archbridge at Långforsen in Kalix River-Unknown boundary conditions havebeen possible todetermine with help of vibration measurementsregarding for example foundation properties. Detection of specific damages hasnot yet been possible.(3) A steel truss bridge over Åby River–Some detection of damages hasbeen possible to carry outwith Finite Element Model updatingregarding corrosion and mechanical damages.. (4) A prestressed concrete bridge to the mine in Kiruna-Several models of theundamaged and damagedbridgehave been established and they have been calibrated to measured vibration propertieswith good results.(5) A nine storey concrete building in Luleå–A FEM model has been developedfor the serviceability limit stateand results from it has been compared to measured vibrationswith good results.A general presentation is given ofthe developedmethods and resultsin the main text. Detailed descriptions are provided in Appendices.A program is presented with ready-to-use models for the studied structures. The program may be downloaded and is presented in detail in an Appendix.

  • Gren, Erik
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Orientalia Suecana: Volume 5 (1956)1956Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Gren, Erik
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Orientalia Suecana: Volume 6 (1957)1957Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Nilsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    Kristianstad University.
    Educational leadership and coherence2017In: Presented at: Educational Governance and Leadership in Transition: - Leading and organizing the education for citizenship of the world through technocratic homogenisation or communicative diversity?, Oslo 18-19 oktober 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy. Kristianstad University.
    Nilsson, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    How to conceptualize practice as manager in academic education?2017In: Presented at: Educational Governance and Leadership in Transition: Leading and organizing the education for citizenship of the world through technocratic homogenisation or communicative diversity?, Oslo 18-19 oktober 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Gren, Erik
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Orientalia Suecana: Volume 7 (1958)1958Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Nilsson, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Educational Leadership in Independent Muslim Schools:: A Methodological Proposal2016In: Presented at: ECER 2016, Leading Education: The Distinct Contributions of Educational Research and Researchers, Dublin, 22-26 August, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational Leadership in Independent Muslim Schools: A Methodological Proposal

    Author(s):Henrik Nilsson (presenting) Conference:ECER 2016, Leading Education: The Distinct Contributions of Educational Research and Researchers Network:26. Educational Leadership Format:01. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations

    Session Information

    26 SES 04 C, Perspectives on Leadership in Denmark, Australia and Swedish Muslim Schools Paper Session

    Time:2016-08-24 09:00-10:30

    Room:OB-H1.12 Chair:David Gurr

    Contribution Educational Leadership in Independent Muslim Schools: A Methodological Proposal

    The phenomena of Muslim independent schools in Sweden is mainly discussed as an issue of social and cultural integration. This discourse have to been understood in the light of the transformation of Swedish school system has underwent. Meanings about the necessary of keeping religious influence and secularised education apart (Englund, 1996) are still strong. The state and municipals is looked up as warrants of this divide. At the same time 6 % of 134 000 pupils in independent schools attend confessionals schools in Sweden. The number of Islamic profiled school are increasing as the immigration from countries where the larger part of the population affirm themselves as Muslims. The Central Bureau of Statistics (2014) in Sweden predict that 20 % of the Swedish population either are immigrants or the children of immigrants in year 2020. A larger part of those immigrants will probably be Muslims with a wish to maintain their faith identity and recognized as Muslims (Thobani, 2011). To understand the context of leadership you need to have knowledge about the discourses about Islam and Muslims.

    The aim of this paper is to discuss methodology to do research on educational leadership in Muslim schools. An empirical touchdown from my dissertation (Nilsson, 2015) will serve as a back-drop to do this.

    The academic discourse about the outcomes of Muslim profiled schools education is divided (Nilsson, 2015). Either are Muslim Schools comprehended to maintain self-assurance and cultural recognition (Gerle, 1997) or as means of segregating children with different backgrounds from each other (Englund, 2010) and/or to reproduce patriarchy circumscribing democracy (Ali, 2009). The representation of Muslims and Muslim school in mass media and the civil sphere often held the

    later opinion to be true (Shadid & Koningsveld, 2002). Especially when it comes to the establishment of a new school, prejudice are common among the members of the majority. An increasing Islamophobia in Europe is emerging and parents therefore chose Muslim profiled schools because they think they are safe. However Shah (Shah, 2015, p 140) argues that the interest in Islamic schools is reflecting a desire to make education not just a mean for developing and strengthening their faith identity but also as a vehicle for social mobility".

    According to Durkheim, education is about transmitting knowledge and values to the next generation (Durkheim, 1956) and this process can in a social perspective bring about reproduction of social position (Bourdieu & Passeron, 1990) but also producing cultural meanings and crossing boarders of culture (Giroux, 2005). But how does cultural boarder crossing happens? My suggestion is to look up on educational leadership as a possible cultural boarder crossing. I understand the boarder crossing as a social performance which aims to re-fuse already de-fused meanings (Alexander, 2006). A social performance can be successful if it re-fuses meaning and change the audiences’' landscapes of meaning (Reed, 2011) and change the way of social life in the direction that the actor intend. This direction has in a normative perspective not be wanted. That's why, from a sociological point of view, I suggest that the social performance also is a question about content in aspects about whose cultural meanings getting re-fused or remains de-fused. The different content of the de-fusion/re- fusion is therefore understood as different modes of incorporation: assimilation, hyphenation and multicultural incorporation (Alexander, 2006). Integration in this perspective is about on-going internal social and cultural processes.

    Method

    Under scrutinity is social performance and incorporation; ways of managing the future lives of the children. When performed, the curriculum consist of particular values, attitudes and dispositions. The curriculum taught "shapes perceptions of ethnic identity...struggles over ethnicity and curriculum" (Sleeter, 2015, p 231). The action of educational leaders are “set in motion by discursive and organizational conflicts over incorporation” (Alexander, 2001, s. 246) i.e. cultural meanings. The practises are tied to particular times and places located in a web of practice (politic, economic, cultural, language, family.) The educational leader breaks off certain aspects of other practices to motivate and legitimize pedagogies and therefore also construct different discourses of pathways to incorporation. From a sociological point of view the educational outcomes describes modes of incorporaton: i) assimilative ii) hyphenated iii) multicultural (Alexander, 2001). In an assimilative mode of incorporation the particular identity is expected to be hidden in public places. It is not appreciated e.g. if you talk your native language during breaks or wear the hijab in school. This mode of incorporetation reminds of what McLaren (1994, p 49) defines conservative (or corporate) multiculturalism. The goal is to assimilate everyone into the culture of the majority and the coregroup. A prinicipal that perform an assimilative educational leadership tries to persuade and get his audience to embrace standards of achievment that assimalte students of minorities "into skills, concepts, language, and values of the dominant society" (Sleeter, 2015). How and if it happens depends on the success or failure of the performance in a local context. In the hyphenated mode different identities are highlighted when it suits and benefits the majority (Banks, 1999).The third mode of incorporation is understood as multicultural. In this mode the particular identities and the majoritys' is seen as equal good, righteous, democratic and so are the institutions they represent (Alexander, 2006). According to (Banks, 1999, p 31) the mode is a "transformative approach, which changes ‘the canon, paradigms, and basic assumptions of the curriculum and enables students to view concepts, issues, themes, and problems from different perspectives and points of view".

    Expected Outcomes

    I expect that the theory of social performance and incorporation can add important perspective on leadership, it means social performance and it's ends incorporation. Traditionally, educational leadership in multicultural school is understood as reproducing structures: symbolic, cultural and economic capital which constitute an assimilative mode of incorporation. In control of material elements such as structures and institutions e. g. means of symbolic productions: television and mass media, the chances for a successful assimilation of course increases. But it's not sufficient to re-fuse meanings with those performative elements. Even if you own and/or access means of symbolic production the others elements of the social performance e. g. authenticity of actor, the actual performance on the scene and the script has to be interpreted as true, real and natural. If the actor fails in these regards so does the re-fusion of meanings and it doesn't matter how much material recourses you use. The initial re-analyse of the ethnographic observation indicates that in the particular case the principal have to balance between different modes of incorporation. That's because different social groups have different normative hopes and beliefs about education, both within school and with external stakeholders, such as worried neighbours in connection with the establishment of the school. The principal explain how Islam, and the way Muslims use Islam, and be interpreted. Sometimes he criticises Islam and it's practising representatives, but above all he tries to reshape the characteristics society attributes to Muslim and Islam. The principal dedicates himself to talk about problems and solutions in a way that he identifies as Swedish. In this and other ways he attributes the Swedish society positive values at the same time as he weaves together the picture of himself and his work with a dominant narrative about the Swedish pragmatic society.

    References

    Alexander, J. (2006). The civil sphere. New York: Oxford University Press. Ali, A. H. (2009). Därför måste demokratin försvara sig mot islamismen. Banks, J. A. (1999). An Introduction to Multicultural Education: MA: Allyn and Bacon. Bourdieu, P., & Passeron, J.-C. (1990). Reproduction in education, society and culture (2. ed.). London: Sage. Durkheim, É. (1956). Education and sociology. New York: Free Press. Englund, T. (1996). Utbildningspolitiskt systemskifte? Stockholm: HLS. Englund, T. (2010). The general school system as a universal or a particular institution and its role in the formation of social capital. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1(53), 17 - 33. Gerle, E. (1997). Muslimska friskolor i Sverige. Pedagogisk Forskning i Sverige, 2 (3), 182-204. Giroux, H. A. (2005). Border crossings : cultural workers and the politics of education (2. ed.). New York: Routledge. Gustafsson, K. (2004). Muslimsk skola, svenska villkor: konflikt, identitet & förhandling. Umeå: Boréa. McLaren, P. (1994). ‘White terror and oppositional agency: towards a critical multiculturalism’. In D. T. Goldberg (Ed.), Multiculturalism: A Critical Reader. (pp. 45–74.). Cambridge: MA: Blackwell. Nilsson, H. (2015). Kultur och utbildning – en tolkning av två grundskolors mångkulturella kontexter. Växjö. Reed, I. A. (2011). Interpretation and Social Knowledge. On the use of theory in the human sciences. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press. Shadid, W., & Koningsveld, P. S. v. (2002). The Negative Image of Islam and Muslims in the West: Causes and Solutions. In W. Shadid & P. S. v. Koningsveld (Eds.), Religious Freedom and the Neutrality of the State: The Position of Islam in the European Union. (pp. 174-196). Leuven: Peeters. Shah, S. (2015). Education, Leadership and Islam: Theories, discourses and practices from an Islamic perspective. . London: Routledge. Sleeter, C. (2015). Ethnicity and the Curriculum. In D. Wyse, L. Hayward, & J. Pandya (Eds.), The Sage handbook of curriculum, pedagogy and assessment SAGE Publications Ltd. Thobani, S. (2011). Pedagogic discourses and imagined communities: knowing Islam and being Muslim. Discourse: Studies In The Cultural Politics Of Education, 32(4), 531-545.

    Author Information

    Henrik Nilsson (presenting) Linneaus University Department of Education

  • Häggström, Jens
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Bagge, Niklas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Nilimaa, Jonny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Sas, Gabriel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Blanksvärd, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Täljsten, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Elfgren, Lennart
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Puurula, Arto
    Savonia University of applied Sciences, Kuopia, Finland.
    Rydberg-Forssbeck, Lahja
    Trafikverket, Stockholm.
    Carolin, Anders
    Trafikverket, Luleå.
    Testing Bridges to Failure: Experiences2017In: IABSE Symposium, Vancouver, 2017: Engineering the Future, Zürich, Switzerland: IABSE - International Association for Bridges and Structural Engineering , 2017, 2832-2839 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Four bridges of different types have been tested to failure and the results have been compared to the load-carrying capacity calculated using standard code models and advanced numerical methods. The results may help to make accurate assessments of similar existing bridges. Here it is necessary to know the real behaviour, weak points, and to be able to model the load-carrying capacity in a correct way.

    The four bridges were: (1) a one span steel truss railway bridge; (2) a two span strengthened concrete trough railway bridge; (3) a one span concrete trough bridge tested in fatigue; and (4) a five span prestressed concrete road bridge.

    The unique results in the paper are the experiences of the real failure types, the robustness/weakness of the bridges, and the accuracy of different codes and models.

  • Kullenberg, Tina
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Om röstlösa röster i musikpedagogisk instrumentalism: en problematisering med utgångspunkt i Bakhtins filosofi2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Lund University.
    Sleep and media habits in school children and adolescents2015In: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy, ISSN 2167-0277Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the effects of sleep, television use and texting and computer habits on overweight, enjoyment of school and feelings of tiredness at school in school-age children and adolescents. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Sweden on school children aged 6-16. A questionnaire was distributed to the children (n=3011 in survey I; n=204 in survey II). Children who slept less than the median length of time reported enjoying school to a lesser degree. Fewer hours of sleep were found to be associated with having a bedroom television using the television or computer more than 2 hours a day, being tired at school and having difficulties in sleeping and waking up. Overweight and obesity were found in 15.8% of the study population; obesity alone was found in 3.1%. Relationships between lifestyle factors and overweight were studied using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Having a bedroom television and using the television more than 2 hours per day were found to be associated with overweight but using the computer more than 2 hours a day was not. About 61% of the students aged 16 reported checking Facebook or social media at least once a day and 27% reported doing so for more than 10 times a day. One fourth of the students aged 16 had a habit of sending or receiving text messages at night at least once a week. Texting at night and frequent checking of Facebook and social media sites were related to sleep problems.

  • Gren, Erik
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    Orientalia Suecana: Volume 8 (1959)1959Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Karlsson, Gustav
    et al.
    Simonsson, Nils
    Orientalia Suecana: Volume 10 (1961)1961Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Karlsson, Gustav
    et al.
    Simonsson, Nils
    Orientalia Suecana: Volume 11 [1962]1962Collection (editor) (Refereed)