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  • Melander, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Eriksson, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
    Jansson, Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Göransson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
    Hammarlund-Udenaes, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Improved method for quantitative analysis of the cyclotide kalata B1 in plasma and brain homogenate2016In: Biopolymers, ISSN 0006-3525, E-ISSN 1097-0282, Vol. 106, no 6, 910-916 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study provides a new method for quantifying the cyclotide kalata B1 in both plasma and brain homogenate. Cyclotides are ultra-stable peptides with three disulfide bonds that are interesting from a drug development perspective as they can be used as scaffolds. In this study we describe a new validated LC-MS/MS method with high sensitivity and specificity for kalata B1. The limit of quantification was 2 ng/mL in plasma and 5 ng/gmL in brain homogenate. The method was linear in the range 2-10,000 ng/mL for plasma and 5-2000 ng/g for brain. Liquid Chromatographic separation was performed on a HyPurity C18 column, 50 3 4.6 mm, 3 mm particle size. The method had inter-and intra-day precision and accuracy levels <15% and 12% respectively. Applying the method to in vivo plasma samples and brain homogenate samples from equilibrium dialysis yielded satisfying results and was able to describe the plasma pharmacokinetics and brain tissue binding of kalata B1. The described method is quick, reproducible and well suited to quantifying kalata B1 in biological matrices.

  • Edin, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Celebritetspolitikens ordning, eller:: Den ultimata celebritetspolitikern i medialiseringskulturen2017In: Celebritetsskapande från Strindberg till Asllani / [ed] Forslid, T, Lundell, P, Ohlsson, A, Olsson, T, Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv, Lunds universitet , 2017, 219-239 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 10:15 Ihresalen, Engelska parken. Humanistiskt centrum, Uppsala
    Backman, Agnieszka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Handskriftens materialitet: Studier i den fornsvenska samlingshandskriften Fru Elins bok (Codex Holmiensis D 3)2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation contains a study of the multitext manuscript Codex Holmiensis D 3 based in Material Philology and its focus on the material conditions underlying manuscripts. The aim of the investigation is to describe D 3 in order to increase understanding of its material conditions including content and circumstance of copying, as well as its use and purpose. 

    D 3 contains 14 text works in different genres, for example romances, chronicles, and edifying works. The paper manuscript in the format of a holster book has been dated through its watermarks to around 1487/1488. It was written for the noblewoman Elin Gustavsdotter (Sture).

    An older manuscript, Codex Holmiensis D 4a, has previously been identified as the exemplar of D 3. These manuscripts are very similar as regards language and content. However, it is shown here that D 4a could not have been the model for D 3 in the case of the romance Flores och Blanzeflor; nor can the manuscript as a whole be a copy of D 4a.

    There are few traces of use in D 3, but the first work, Herr Ivan Lejonriddaren, has several concluding texts before its final closing. These concluding texts suggest that parts of the work were being read while the rest was being copied. There are also dual quire signatures in this work, implying that the quires were in disarray, possibly because they were in use when the signatures were added.

    The purpose of D 3 was to educate and provide examples of good and bad behaviour for the nobility. Moreover, there is an owner-epilogue which also stresses courtly ideals and can be linked to the concept of exemplary behaviour. The contents can also be ordered thematically, with first a Carolingian connection, followed by one connected with Ireland and finally one focused on the Christian community. Codicological breaks divide the manuscript into two parts, which leads to the assumption of at least two common exemplars for D 3 and D 4a.

    An emphasis on the materiality of the manuscript reveals it to be not so much an unwieldy collection of unrelated text witnesses as a book created for a certain person and her time.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 09:15 Friessalen, Uppsala
    Marklund, Maria H. K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. School of Biological Sciences and The Environment Institute, University of Adelaide, North Terrace, SA 5005, Australia.
    The influence of trophic polymorphisms on habitat coupling in aquatic food webs2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Trophic cascades, together with other indirect interactions are important aspects in shaping the composition and abundance of species in the food web. Theoretically, movement of energy between systems, and coupling between habitats by mobile predators have been suggested as being important for food web stability and evenness. Individual diet specialisations have been shown to be widespread in many animal taxa. Although not widely studied, some studies have indicated that mobile predators that display individual specialisations, may have a reduced ability to couple habitats.

    In this thesis, by using field studies and an experimental study, my aim was to assess the individual specialisation displayed by Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis) and its influence on the ability of the perch to couple habitats. In the experiment, we also investigated the effect of habitat coupling, or the lack of habitat coupling, on the dynamics and stability of the resources in the ecosystem.

    We show that habitat diversity and resource availability influenced perch individual specialisation and morphological variation. We found that the perch total niche width decreased with decreasing habitat switching ability. We demonstrate asymmetrical habitat coupling ability in perch across pelagic and littoral habitats, providing evidence that not all individuals within a species respond in the same way when it comes to spatial coupling and thereby providing stability within a food web.

    Our results expand on previous work and suggest that habitat coupling ability can influence individual specialisations and niche width. Furthermore, we show the importance of individual specialisations in relation to habitat coupling. Finally, we provide evidence for the theory that a food web dominated by a food specialist should exhibit more variable resource dynamics than a food web dominated by a generalist predator by showing a greater indirect effect of predation on the phytoplankton levels when no habitat coupling occurs. While many models and theoretical concepts have proposed a stabilising effect of cross movement of energy and mobile predators, little empirical evidence exists that confirms this mechanism.

    In conclusion, my thesis gives some support for the theoretical predictions that habitats coupled by a generalist predator should be more stable.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 09:00 Hörsal D, byggnad 1D, Umeå
    Forsell, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology.
    Genetic subtypes in unicellular intestinal parasites with special focus on Blastocystis2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of molecular tools for detection and typing of unicellular intestinal parasites has revealed genetic diversities in species that were previously considered as distinct entities. Of great importance is the genetic distinction found between the pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica and the non-pathogenic Entamoeba dispar, two morphologically indistinguishable species. Blastocystis sp. is a ubiquitous intestinal parasite with unsettled pathogenicity. Molecular studies of Blastocystis sp. have identified 17 genetic subtypes, named ST1-17. Genetically, these subtypes could be considered as different species, but it is largely unknown what phenotypic or pathogenic differences exist between them. This thesis explores molecular methods for detection and genetic subtyping of unicellular intestinal parasites, with special focus on Blastocystis.

    We found that PCR-based methods were highly sensitive for detection of unicellular intestinal parasites, but could be partially or completely inhibited by substances present in faeces. A sample transport medium containing guanidinium thiocyanate was shown to limit the occurrence of PCR inhibition.

    The prevalence of Blastocystis in Swedish university students was over 40%, which is markedly higher than what was previously estimated. Blastocystis ST3 and ST4 were the two most commonly found Blastocystis subtypes in Sweden, which is similar to results from other European countries.

    Blastocystis sp. and Giardia intestinalis were both commonly detected in Zanzibar, Tanzania, each with a prevalence exceeding 50%. Blastocystis ST1, ST2, and ST3 were common, but ST4 was absent. While G. intestinalis was most common in the ages 2-5 years, the prevalence of Blastocystis increased with increasing age, at least up to young adulthood. We found no statistical association between diarrhoea and Blastocystis sp., specific Blastocystis subtype or G. intestinalis.

    Metagenomic sequencing of faecal samples from Swedes revealed that Blastocystis was associated with high intestinal bacterial genus richness, possibly signifying gastrointestinal health. Blastocystis was also positively associated with the bacterial genera Sporolactobacillus and Candidatus Carsonella, and negatively associated with the genus Bacteroides.

    Blastocystis ST4 was shown to have limited intra-subtype genetic diversity and limited geographic spread. ST4 was also found to be the major driver behind the positive association between Blastocystis and bacterial genus richness and the negative association with Bacteroides.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Welfare Technology: Tool Box2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare technology has increasingly been on both the political and media agenda during the last five to seven years. Yet despite this great interest and intensive hype, perhaps not as many new solutions have been implemented as might have been expected.

    The over 1,200 Nordic municipalities have faced challenges in transforming interest and projects into implemented solutions and innovative new everyday lives for staff and citizens.

    This publication, and the CONNECT project overall, addresses some of the problems faced by the Nordic municipalities in their work with welfare technology: How can we capitalise more on our projects? How do we ensure that the knowledge we gather is integrated in the municipal organisation? How can we become better at sharing our knowledge and experience, rather than thinking that we each need to reinvent the wheel? How can we strengthen the joint Nordic market for welfare technology? How do we ensure that staff see technology as a co-player?

    The issues to be tackled are numerous and complicated. CONNECT gathers these threads to create the first complete Nordic toolbox for how municipalities can work with welfare technology on the best possible basis. Yet the toolbox is not just the advice given by experts, but is also based on practical experience and municipal ”best practice”, as it is created by ten of the Nordic region’s leading municipalities in the welfare technology area, in cooperation with a number of national authorities.

    Nordic Welfare Centre hopes that this publication and this toolbox can help to promote welfare technology initiatives in the respective countries, and also to promote cooperation across national borders in the Nordic region.We hope that you will find both the toolbox and the publication useful.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Välfärdsteknologi: Verktygslåda2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Välfärdsteknik har tagit allt mer medial och politisk plats under de senaste 25 åren, men trots det stora intresset och de växande förväntningarna har kanske inte fullt så många nya lösningar implementerats som man hade kunnat förvänta sig.

    De mer än 1200 nordiska kommunerna har haft svårt att förvandla intresset och projekten till implementerade lösningar och en innovativ vardag för personal och medborgare.

    Denna publikation syftar, liksom hela CONNECT-projektet, till att adressera några av de problem som de nordiska kommunerna möter i sitt arbete med välfärdsteknik: Hur kan vi bättre ta tillvara våra projekt? Hur säkrar vi att den kunskap vi inhämtar integreras i den kommunala verksamheten? Hur blir vi bättre på att dela med oss av kunskap och erfarenheter så att vi inte alltid måste uppfinna hjulet på nytt? Hur stärker vi den gemensamma nordiska marknaden för välfärdsteknik? Hur får vi personalen att se tekniken som en lagkamrat? Frågorna är många och svåra.

    CONNECT samlar ihop dessa frågor och skapar den första kompletta nordiska verktygslådan med redskap som hjälper kommuner att på bästa sätt arbeta med välfärdsteknik. Verktygslådan består emellertid inte bara av experternas anvisningar.

    Den innehåller praktiska erfarenheter och kommunal bästa praxis och har sammanställts av tio av nordens ledande kommuner inom välfärdsteknik i samarbete med en rad nationella myndigheter.

    Nordens välfärdscenter hoppas att denna publikation och verktygslåda ska kunna bidra till att främja välfärdsteknikens framsteg i respektive land, men också samarbetet över de nordiska landsgränserna.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Velfærdsteknologi: Værktøjskasse2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Velfærdsteknologi har fyldt stadig mere både politisk og mediemæssigt over de sidste fem til syv år, men på trods af den store interesse og den stigende hype er der måske ikke helt blevet implementeret så mange ny løsninger som man kunne have forventet.

    De mere end 1200 nordiske kommuner har haft svært ved at forvandle interesse og projekter til implementerede løsninger og en ny innovativ hverdag for personale og borgere.

    Denne publikation, og CONNECT projektet som helhed, adresserer nogle af de problemer de nordiske kommuner møder i deres arbejde med velfærdsteknologi: Hvordan slår vi mere kapital af vores projekter? Hvordan sikrer vi at den viden vi opsamler bliver integreret i den kommunale organisation? Hvordan bliver vi bedre til at dele vores viden og erfaringer, fremfor at tro at vi hver i sær skal genopfinde den dybe tallerken? Hvordan styrker vi det fællesnordiske marked for velfærdsteknologi? Hvordan sikrer vi personalet ser teknologi som en medspiller? Spørgsmålene er mange og komplicerede.

    CONNECT samler disse tråde og skabe den første komplette Nordiske værktøjskasse til hvordan kommuner bedst muligt kan arbejde med velfærdsteknologi.

    Men, værktøjskassen er ikke blot eksperters formaninger, den bygger på praktiske erfaringer og kommunal ”best practice”, den er således skabt af ti af Nordens førende kommuner på velfærdsteknologiområdet i samarbejde med en række nationale myndigheder.

    Nordens velfærdscenter håber at denne publikation og denne værktøjskasse kan være med til både at fremme indsatsen med velfærdsteknologi i de respektive lande, men ligeledes fremme samarbejdet på tværs af landegrænserne i Norden.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 13:15 A1:111a, Uppsala
    Digre, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Implications of Heparan Sulfate and Heparanase in Inflammatory Diseases2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Heparan sulfate (HS), an unbranched sulfated carbohydrate chain, and the HS-degrading enzyme heparanase play important roles in physiological and pathological processes during all stages of life, from early embryogenesis to ageing. Accumulated information shows that HS and heparanase are involved in inflammatory processes and associated diseases, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Alzheimer’s disease.

    In this thesis I have investigated the role of HS and heparanase (Hpa) in inflammatory-related pathologies. In the first project, Hpa overexpressing mice (Hpa-tg) were induced with a murine model of RA. We found a pro-inflammatory role of Hpa through enhancing the activity of T-cells and innate immune cells, which contributed to an augmented severity of clinical symptoms in the Hpa-tg mice.

    In my second project, we revealed co-current interaction of heparin with both ApoA1 and SAA of HDL isolated from plasma of inflamed mouse. Mass spectrometry analysis indicated close proximity of ApoA1 and SAA on the HDL surface, providing a molecular and structural mechanism for the simultaneous binding of heparin to apoA1 and SAA.

    In my third project, we investigated the role of Hpa in AA amyloid formation and resolution in mice in a model of AA-amyloidosis. We found a similar degree of amyloid formation in Hpa-KO mice compared to the wildtype control mice, but the resolution process was faster in Hpa-KO mice. The rapid clearance of deposited SAA in Hpa-KO mice was associated with upregulated expression of matrix metalloproteases. The results suggest an associated function of ECM proteases with heparanase in the process of AA amyloid resolution.

    In my fourth project, we found that overexpression of heparanase impaired inflammation associated beta amyloid (Aβ) clearance in the brain of an Alzheimer’s disease mouse model. Examination of the cytokine profile of brain lysates revealed an overall lower inflammatory reaction in the double transgenic (tgHpa*Swe) mice compared to single APP-tg (tg-Swe) mice in response to LPS-induced inflammation.

  • Iversen, Peter
    et al.
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Copenhagen Prostate Canc Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Damber, Jan-Erik
    Gothenburg Univ, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Clin Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Malmberg, Anders
    Ferring Pharmaceut, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Persson, Bo-Eric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Lakarhuset & Uppsala Univ, Lakarhuset Urol, St Persgatan 17,5, SE-75320 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Klotz, Laurence
    Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Div Urol, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Degarelix monotherapy compared with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists plus anti-androgen flare protection in advanced prostate cancer: an analysis of two randomized controlled trials2016In: THERAPEUTIC ADVANCES IN UROLOGY, ISSN 1756-2872, Vol. 8, no 2, 75-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess differences in efficacy outcomes between luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist plus antiandrogen (AA) flare protection and monotherapy with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist degarelix in patients with prostate cancer. Methods: Data from 1455 patients were pooled from two prospective, phase III randomized 1-year clinical trials of degarelix versus LHRH agonist with or without AA. The AA bicalutamide was administered at the investigator's discretion. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using a Cox proportional hazards regression model and a conditional logistic regression model was used for a case-control analysis of odds ratios (ORs). Results: Patients received degarelix monotherapy (n = 972) or LHRH agonist (n = 483) of whom 57 also received AA. Overall, prostate-specific antigen progression-free survival (PSA PFS) was improved with degarelix versus LHRH agonist + AA (Cox proportional hazards regression model-adjusted HR for PSA PFS failure was 0.56 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33-0.97, p = 0.038]). To compensate for a higher proportion of patients with metastases, Gleason score 7-10, and PSA >20 ng/ml in the LHRH agonist + AA group, a case-control analysis using a conditional logistic regression model was utilized. This resulted in an OR for PSA PFS of 0.42 (95% CI 0.20-0.89; p = 0.023) in the overall population, and 0.35 (95% CI 0.13-0.96; p = 0.042) in patients with PSA >50 ng/ml at baseline, when treated with degarelix versus LHRH agonists + AA. There were a small number of deaths, 1.9% with degarelix and 7% with LHRH agonists + AA (case-control analysis OR = 0.37; p = 0.085). Conclusions: Degarelix monotherapy produced a more favorable effect on PSA PFS outcomes than a LHRH agonist + AA flare protection therapy in patients with prostate cancer when a case-control analysis was used to compensate for differences between treatment groups.

  • Moen, Aurora
    et al.
    Natl Inst Occupat Hlth, N-0033 Oslo, Norway.;Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, N-0424 Oslo, Norway..
    Lind, Anne-Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
    Thulin, Måns
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Kamali-Moghaddam, Masood
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Roe, Cecilie
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, N-0424 Oslo, Norway.;Univ Oslo, Fac Med, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Gjerstad, Johannes
    Natl Inst Occupat Hlth, N-0033 Oslo, Norway.;Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, N-0424 Oslo, Norway.;Univ Oslo, Dept Mol Biosci, N-0371 Oslo, Norway..
    Gordh, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
    Inflammatory Serum Protein Profiling of Patients with Lumbar Radicular Pain One Year after Disc Herniation2016In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFLAMMATION, ISSN 2090-8040, UNSP 3874964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier studies suggest that lumbar radicular pain following disc herniation may be associated with a local or systemic inflammatory process. In the present study, we investigated the serum inflammatory protein profile of such patients. All 45 patients were recruited from Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Norway, during the period 2007-2009. The new multiplex proximity extension assay (PEA) technology was used to analyze the levels of 92 proteins. Interestingly, the present data showed that patients with radicular pain 12 months after disc herniation may be different from other patients with regard to many measurable serum cytokines. Given a false discovery rate (FDR) of 0.10 and 0.05, we identified 41 and 13 proteins, respectively, which were significantly upregulated in the patients with severe pain one year after disc herniation. On the top of the list ranked by estimated increase we found C-X-C motif chemokine 5 (CXCM5; 217% increase), epidermal growth factor (EGF; 142% increase), and monocyte chemotactic protein 4 (MCP-4; 70% increase). Moreover, a clear overall difference in the serum cytokine profile between the chronic and the recovered patients was demonstrated. Thus, the present results may be important for future protein serum profiling of lumbar radicular pain patients with regard to prognosis and choice of treatment. We conclude that serum proteins may be measurable molecular markers of persistent pain after disc herniation.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 13:00 Triple Heli, Umeå
    Strinnholm, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Food hypersensitivity among schoolchildren: -prevalence, Health Related Quality of Life and experiences of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. The Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) Studies, Thesis XVIII.2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The prevalence of reported food hypersensitivity among children has increased in Western countries. However, the prevalence varies largely due to differences in methods used in different studies. Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) is the most reliable method to verify or exclude food hypersensitivity. The use of double-blind food challenges is increasing in clinical praxis, but since the method is time- and resource consuming it is rarely used in population-based cohort studies. There is a lack of knowledge on how adolescents and mothers experience participation in double-blind placebocontrolled food challenges and to what extent the food is reintroduced after a negative challenge. While several studies have described the impact of IgEmediated food allergy on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL), few studies have described HRQL among children with other food hypersensitivity phenotypes.

    Aim

    The aim of this thesis was to estimate the prevalence of reported food hypersensitivity, associated risk factors, and symptom expressions among schoolchildren. We also examined HRQL among children with total elimination of cow’s milk, hen’s egg, fish or wheat due to food hypersensitivity as a group compared with children with unrestricted diet, and after we categorised the children with eliminated foods into different phenotypes of FHS. Finally, adolescents’ and mothers’ experience of DBPCFC was examined as well if the food had been reintroduced.

    Methods

    Three studies were based on the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) paediatric cohort II. The cohort was recruited in 2006 when all children in first and second grade (7-8 years) in three municipalities in Norrbotten were invited to a parental questionnaire study and 2,585 (96% of invited) participated. The questionnaire included questions about food hypersensitivity, asthma, rhinitis, eczema and possible risk factors. The children in two municipalities were also invited to skin prick testing with 10 airborne allergens, and 1,700 (90%) participated. Paper I is based on this initial survey of the cohort. Four years later, at age 11-12 years, the cohort was followed up using the same methods and with the same high participation rate. At the follow-up, 125 children (5% of the cohort) reported total elimination of cow’s milk, hen’s egg, fish or wheat due to food hypersensitivity. These children were invited to a clinical examination and to complete a generic (KIDSCREEN-52) and a diseasespecific HRQL questionnaire (FAQLQ-TF) (n=75). Based on the clinical examination the children were categorised into different phenotypes of food hypersensitivity: current food allergy, outgrown food allergy and lactose intolerance. In addition, a random sample of children with unrestricted diet from the same cohort, answered the generic questionnaire (n=209). Paper II is based on this HRQL study. Children categorised as having current food allergy were invited to a further evaluation including DBPCFC. Eighteen months after the challenges, these children were interviewed about their experiences during and after the challenge (n=17). Paper III is based on these interviews. Paper IV was based on interviews with mothers to children referred to a paediatric allergy specialist for evaluation of food allergy using DBPCFC (n=8). In the two interview studies results were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results

    At age 7-8 years, the prevalence of reported food hypersensitivity was 21%. Food hypersensitivity to milk, egg, fish, wheat or soy was reported by 10.9% and hypersensitivity to fruits or nuts by 14.6%. The most common essential food to trigger symptoms was milk, reported by 9%. The most frequently reported food induced symptoms, were oral symptoms mainly caused by fruits, followed by gastrointestinal symptoms mainly caused by milk. The risk factor pattern was different for food hypersensitivity to milk compared to hypersensitivity to other foods. No significant difference in distribution in generic or disease-specific HRQL was found among children with reported total elimination of milk, egg, fish and/or wheat due to FHS compared to children with unrestricted diet. However, a trend indicated that the disease-specific HRQL was most impaired among children with current food allergy compared to children with outgrown food allergy and lactose intolerance. The proportion of poor HRQL defined as ≥75 percentile was significantly higher among children with current food allergy than the other phenotypes. A DBPCFC was an opportunity for the adolescents and the mothers to overcome the fear of reactions to food that had been eliminated for a long time. After the challenge, when the food was partially or fully reintroduced, socializing became easier and both adolescents and mothers experienced more freedom regarding food intake. A negative challenge was not consistently associated with reintroduction of the food. Reasons for reintroduction failure were fear of allergic reactions, that the adolescent did not like the taste of the food, or that living with an elimination diet was considered as normal. Conclusion In this population-based study, one in five of children at age 7-8 years reported food hypersensitivity to any food. The generic HRQL was similar among children with and without food hypersensitivity. However, poor disease-specific HRQL was more common among children with current food allergy compared to children with other FHS phenotypes. If the tested food was reintroduced after a DBPCFC, both adolescents and mothers described a changed life with less fear, and that life had become easier regarding meal preparations and social events. As reintroduction failure was present despite a negative food challenge, follow-ups and evaluations of food reintroduction should be performed independent of the outcome of a food challenge.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 10:00 Hörsal E, Umeå
    Fjellström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Becoming a construction worker: a study of vocational learning in school and work life2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes and analyses vocational learning in school and workplaces, particularly the vocational learning involved in becoming a construction worker in Sweden. This includes learning the trade in upper secondary school education and a subsequent apprenticeship. An underlying argument is that activities in these contexts enable a diverse vocational learning outcome. However, there are potential tensions and contradictions, especially between production- and education-oriented aspects of the learning activities in these settings. To address these and associated issues, two research questions were posed. First, how do work-based activities enable vocational learning? Second, what forms of learning are enabled in school and work life settings and how are these forms of learning constituted? These questions were addressed using information drawn from observations, interviews and a survey. Analyses of the data, using a theoretical framework based on activity and forms of learning theory, show that the school and workplace settings enable different types of learning that form a joint constructed object. Further, the contexts provide diverse tasks that, with guidance from more experienced persons, can enhance the learning outcomes. So, vocational learning is enabled through tensions in the activity systems that form a learning outcome. In project-based vocational education and training (PBVET) provided in upper secondary school, vocational learning is enabled through basic training and opportunities to learn key techniques. In subsequent apprenticeships, the transformation of basic knowledge into specialized knowledge is enabled through close guidance and by the apprentices performing complex tasks. There are also clear differences in the freedom allowed in the performance of tasks between the PBVET and apprenticeships. The PBVET does not allow students to develop and apply their own solutions, while apprentices are encouraged to discover and implement solutions that enhance the performance of tasks. So, different forms of learning are enabled in the two contexts; the PBVET largely promotes reproductive learning and the apprenticeships largely promote productive learning. Scope for improvement was detected, as the PBVET does not appear to provide knowledge that fully meets criteria in the syllabuses, and the apprenticeship does not fully meet the learners’ educational needs. However, the settings provide complementary vocational learning opportunities. Thus, tensions and contradictions can be identified in the activity systems in the school and workplace settings that collectively form the boundaries of a learning outcome that largely corresponds to what the learners need to know and (hence) become construction workers.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Velferðartækni: Verkfæri2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [is]

    Á síðustu fimm til sjö árum hefur velferðartækni fengið stöðugt meiri athygli með tilliti til stjórnmála og fjölmiðla, en þrátt fyrir mikinn áhuga og aukna athygli hefur ekki eins mörgum lausnum verið hrundið í framkvæmd eins og við var búist.

    Þau rúmlega 1.200 norrænu sveitarfélög sem um ræðir eiga í erfiðleikum með að breyta áhuga og verkefni í framkvæmdar lausnir og nýsköpun á hverjum degi fyrir starfsfólk og þjóðfélagsþegna.

    Þessi útgáfa og CONNECT-verkefnið í heild sinni fjallar um sum þeirra vandamála sem norrænu sveitarfélögin þurfa að takast á við í vinnu sinni með velferðartækni: Hvernig lækkum við kostnað fyrir verkefni okkar? Hvernig tryggjum við að vitneskjan sem við öðlumst verði samþætt í skipulag sveitarfélagsins? Hvernig verðum við betri til að deila þekkingu okkar og reynslu, og láta af þeirri hugmyndafræði að hver og einn verði að finna upp hjólið aftur? Hvernig styrkjum við velferðartækni á sameiginlegum norrænum markaði? Hvernig tryggjum við að starfsfólkið líti á tæknina sem samherja? Spurningarnar eru margar og flóknar.

    CONNECT safnar þessum hugmyndum saman og skapar þann fyrsta fullbúna norræna tækjabúnað til að sjá hvernig sveitarfélög geta á bestan mögulegan hátt unnið með velferðartækni. 

    En tækjabúnaðurinn er ekki aðeins hvatning frá sérfræðingum, heldur byggir hann á hagnýtri reynslu og „bestu starfsvenjum“ sveitarfélaganna, og að auki er hann búinn til af tíu leiðandi sveitarfélögum á Norðurlöndunum á sviði velferðartækni í samvinnu við þjóðstjórnir viðeigandi landa.

    Norræna velferðarmiðstöðin vonar að þessi útgáfa og þessi tækjabúnaður geti verið til að efla framlag velferðartækni í viðeigandi löndum, en einnig til að efla samvinnu þvert á landamæri Norðurlandanna.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Hyvinvointiteknologia: Työkalupakki2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [fi]

    Hyvinvointiteknologia on ollut yhä vahvemmin esillä sekä politiikassa että mediassa viimeisten 5–7 vuoden aikana, mutta kasvavasta kiinnostuksesta huolimatta uusia ratkaisuja ei ehkä ole otettu käyttöön niin paljon kuin olisi voinut odottaa.

    Yli 1 200 pohjoismaisen kunnan on ollut vaikea muuttaa kiinnostusta ja hankkeita toimeenpannuiksi ratkaisuiksi ja uudeksi innovatiiviseksi arjeksi henkilöstölle ja kansalaisille.

    Tässä julkaisussa, kuten koko CONNECT-hankkeessa, käsitellään pohjoismaisten kuntien hyvinvointiteknologiaan liittyvässä työssään kohtaamia ongelmia: Miten hyödymme hankkeistamme entistä enemmän? Miten varmistamme, että keräämämme tieto integroidaan kunnalliseen organisaatioon? Miten voisimme nykyistä paremmin jakaa tietoa ja kokemuksiamme emmekä luulisi, että jokaisen pitää keksiä pyörä uudelleen? Miten vahvistamme hyvinvointiteknologian yhteispohjoismaisia markkinoita? Miten varmistamme, että henkilöstö pitää teknologiaa kumppanina? Kiperiä kysymyksiä on paljon.

    CONNECT yhdistää nämä langat ensimmäiseksi kattavaksi pohjoismaiseksi työkalupakiksi ja antaa vastauksia siihen, miten kunnat voivat parhaiten hyödyntää hyvinvointiteknologiaa.

    Asiantuntijanäkemysten lisäksi työkalupakki perustuu käytännön kokemuksiin ja kunnallisiin parhaisiin käytäntöihin, eli sen ovat muodostaneet kymmenen hyvinvointiteknologia-alan johtavaa pohjoismaista kuntaa yhdessä eri kansallisten viranomaisten kanssa.

    Pohjoismainen hyvinvointikeskus toivoo tämän julkaisun ja työkalupakin edistävän sekä panostusta hyvinvointiteknologiaan kaikissa Pohjoismaissa että yhteistyötä eri Pohjoismaiden välillä.

  • Ugo Abara, Precious
    et al.
    Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Italy.
    Ticozzi, Francesco
    Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Italy.
    Altafini, Claudio
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    An infinitesimal characterization of nonlinear contracting interference functions2016In: 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), IEEE Press, 2016, 5262-5262 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contractive interference functions are a subclass of the standard interference functions used in the design and analysis of distributed power control algorithms for wireless networks. Their peculiarity is that for the resulting positive system the existence and global asymptotic stability of a unique positive equilibrium point is guaranteed. In this paper we give an infinitesimal characterization of nonlinear contractiveinterference functions in terms of the spectral radius of the Jacobian linearization at any point in the positive orthant. The condition we obtain, that the spectral radius is always less than 1, extends to the nonlinear case an equivalent property of linear interference functions, and leads to a Jacobian characterization similar to the one commonly used in contraction analysis of nonlinear systems.

  • Altafini, Claudio
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nonintegrable discrete-time driftless control systems: geometric phases beyond the area rule2016In: 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), IEEE Press, 2016, 4692-4697 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a continuous-time nonlinear driftless control system, a geometric phase is a consequence of nonintegrability of the vector fields, and it describes how cyclic trajectories in shape space induce non-periodic motion in phase space, according to an area rule. The aim of this paper is to shown that geometric phases exist also for discrete-time driftless nonlinear control systems, but that unlike their continuous-time counterpart, they need not obey any area rule, i.e., even zero-area cycles in shape space can lead to nontrivial geometric phases. When the discrete-time system is obtained through Euler discretization of a continuous-time system, it is shown that the zero-area geometric phase corresponds to the gap between the Euler discretization and an exact discretization of the continuous-time system.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Velferdsteknologi: Verktøykasse2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [no]

    Velferdsteknologi har fått stadig mer oppmerksomhet de siste fem til sju årene, både politisk og i media. Men trass i stor interesse og økende begeistring er det egentlig ikke implementert så mange nye løsninger som man kunne ha forventet.

    De mer enn 1200 kommunene i Norden har hatt vanskelig for å konvertere interesser og prosjekter i implementerte løsninger og en ny, innovativ hverdag for personalet og innbyggerne.

    Denne publikasjonen, og CONNECT-prosjektet som helhet, tar opp noen av problemene som de nordiske kommunene står overfor i arbeidet med velferdsteknologi: Hvordan får vi skapt flere verdier gjennom prosjektene våre? Hvordan sikrer vi at den kunnskapen vi opparbeider, blir integrert i den kommunale organisasjonen? Hvordan kan vi bli flinkere til å dele kunnskapene og erfaringene våre, slik at ikke alle trenger å finne opp hjulet på nytt? Hvordan styrker vi det fellesnordiske markedet for velferdsteknologi? Hvordan sikrer vi at personalet ser på teknologien som et nyttig hjelpemiddel? Spørsmålene er mange og kompliserte.

    CONNECT samler disse trådene og utvikler den første komplette nordiske verktøykassen for hvordan kommunene på best mulig måte kan jobbe med velferdsteknologi.

    Men verktøykassen er ikke bare formaninger fra eksperter som bygger på praktiske erfaringer og «beste kommunale praksis». Den er utviklet av ti nordiske kommuner som er ledende innen velferdsteknologi, i samarbeid med en rekke nasjonale myndigheter.

    Nordens velferdssenter håper at denne publikasjonen og nevnte verktøykasse kan være med på både å fremme innsatsen med velferdsteknologi i de respektive landene, og fremme samarbeidet på tvers av landegrensene i Norden.

  • Søndergård, Dennis
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Dahlberg, Anna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Hadnagy, Judit
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    Bra lösningar fungerar för alla: - om universell design och välfärdsteknologi2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Denne publikation undersøger sammenhæng og synergi mellem to vigtige områder som Nordens velfærdscenter har arbejdet med igennem en årerække: velfærdsteknologi og universel design.

    Begge områder er nogle vi er gode til i Norden, og hvor potentialet ved tættere Nordisk samarbejde synes stort. Både velfærdsteknologi og universel design drives af værdier som er selve kernen i vores fælles nordiske velfærdsmodel, værdier som inklusion og lighed – både samfundsmæssigt og demokratisk.

    Publikationen vil undersøge hvordan disse to områder kan fremme og forbedre hinanden. Velfærdsteknologien er netop i disse år meget profileret, både mediemæssigt og politisk og det vil være naturligt at undersøge om, eller hvorledes, denne opmærksomhed kan gavne universel design. Dette er særligt interessant fordi de to områder har så mange fælles træk, fælles værdier og fælles slutmål – og fordi de som sagt har potentialet til at gøre hinanden bedre. Mere universel design kan give bedre teknologi og bedre implementeringsprocesser, mens mere og bedre velfærdsteknologi kan fremme ideologien bag universel design.

    Vi har fundet en række gode eksempler fra Norden til at illustrer samspillet mellem disse to områder og håber du finder dem interessant og inspirerende.

  • Hamrin, Göran
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Library, Library Services and Learning Support.
    Informationskompetens för ingenjörer2015In: Bortom förlägenheten: bibliotekariens pedagogiska roll i utveckling / [ed] Androls, Hilda, Lucassi, Elin och Wallén, Christine, Stockholm: Kungl. biblioteket , 2015, 133-151 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Ablikim, M.
    et al.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Achasov, M. N.
    RAS, GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys, SB, BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ai, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Albayrak, O.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Albrecht, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Ambrose, D. J.
    Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Amoroso, A.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    An, F. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    An, Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Bai, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ferroli, R. Baldini
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Ban, Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Bennett, D. W.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Bennett, J. V.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Bertani, M.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Bettoni, D.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Bian, J. M.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Bianchi, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Boger, E.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Boyko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Briere, R. A.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Cai, H.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Cai, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cakir, O.
    Ankara Univ, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Calcaterra, A.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Cao, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Cetin, S. A.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy..
    Chang, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chelkov, G.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia.;Tomsk State Univ, Funct Elect Lab, Tomsk 634050, Russia..
    Chen, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, H. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Chen, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, M. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Chen, S. J.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Chen, X. R.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Cheng, H. P.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Chu, X. K.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Cibinetto, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Dai, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dai, J. P.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Dbeyssi, A.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Dedovich, D.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Deng, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Denig, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Denysenko, I.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Destefanis, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    De Mori, F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Ding, Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Dong, C.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Dong, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dong, L. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Dong, M. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Dou, Z. L.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Du, S. X.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Duan, P. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fan, J. Z.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Fang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fang, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Fang, X.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Farinelli, R.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy.;Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Fava, L.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Fedorov, O.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Feldbauer, F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Felici, G.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Feng, C. Q.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Fioravanti, E.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Fritsch, M.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Fu, C. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Gao, X. L.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gao, X. Y.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Y.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Gao, Z.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Garzia, I.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Goetzen, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Gong, L.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Gong, W. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gradl, W.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Greco, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Gu, M. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Gu, Y. T.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Guan, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, A. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, L. B.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Guo, Y. P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Haddadi, Z.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Hafner, A.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Han, S.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Hao, X. Q.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Harris, F. A.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    He, K. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Held, T.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Heng, Y. K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Hou, Z. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, C.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Hu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Hu, J. F.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Hu, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Huang, G. S.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Huang, J. S.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Huang, X. T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Huang, Y.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Hussain, T.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Ji, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, Q. P.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ji, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, L. W.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, X. Y.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, J. B.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Jiao, Z.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Jin, D. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Jin, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Julin, A.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kang, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Kang, X. S.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Kavatsyuk, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ke, B. C.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA..
    Kiese, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kliemt, R.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kloss, B.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Kolcu, O. B.
    Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Istanbul Arel Univ, TR-34295 Istanbul, Turkey. Goethe Univ Frankfurt, D-60323 Frankfurt, Germany..
    Kopf, B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Kornicer, M.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Kupsc, Andrzej
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Kuhn, W.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Lange, J. S.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Lara, M.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Larin, P.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Leng, C.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Li, Cui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics. Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Li, Cheng
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, D. M.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Li, F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, F. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Li, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, H. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, J. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, Jin
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Li, K.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.;Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, Lei
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, P. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, Q. Y.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, T.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, W. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. N.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Li, X. Q.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Li, Z. B.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Liang, H.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. F.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China..
    Liang, Y. T.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Liao, G. R.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Lin, D. X.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Liu, B. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, C. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, D.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, F. H.
    Shanxi Univ, Taiyuan 030006, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Fang
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Feng
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. B.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Henan Univ Sci & Technol, Luoyang 471003, Peoples R China..
    Liu, H. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. P.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Liu, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Liu, K. Y.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Liu, L. D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Liu, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Q.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Liu, S. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, X.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Y. B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Zhiqing
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Loehner, H.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lou, X. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;Univ Texas Dallas, Dallas, TX 75083 USA..
    Lu, H. J.
    Huangshan Coll, Huangshan 245000, Peoples R China..
    Lu, J. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Lu, Y. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Luo, C. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Luo, M. X.
    Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou 310027, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Luo, T.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Luo, X. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Lyu, X. R.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, F. C.
    Liaoning Univ, Shenyang 110036, Peoples R China..
    Ma, H. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, L. L.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Q. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, T.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. N.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Ma, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Ma, Y. M.
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China..
    Maas, F. E.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Maggiora, M.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Mao, Y. J.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Mao, Z. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Marcello, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Messchendorp, J. G.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Min, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Min, T. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Mitchell, R. E.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Mo, X. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Mo, Y. J.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Morales, C. Morales
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Muchnoi, N. Yu.
    RAS, GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys, SB, BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Muramatsu, H.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Nefedov, Y.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia..
    Nerling, F.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Nikolaev, I. B.
    RAS, GI Budker Inst Nucl Phys, SB, BINP, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ning, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Nisar, S.
    COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Def Rd,Raiwind Rd, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Niu, S. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Niu, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Olsen, S. L.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul 151747, South Korea..
    Ouyang, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Pacetti, S.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06100 Perugia, Italy.;Univ Perugia, I-06100 Perugia, Italy..
    Pan, Y.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Patteri, P.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Pelizaeus, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Peng, H. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Peters, K.
    GSI Helmholtzctr Heavy Ion Res GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany..
    Pettersson, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Ping, J. L.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Ping, R. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Poling, R.
    Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Prasad, V.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qi, H. R.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Qi, M.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Qian, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Qiao, C. F.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, L. Q.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Qin, N.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Qin, X. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Qin, Z. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Qiu, J. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rashid, K. H.
    Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Redmer, C. F.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ripka, M.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Rong, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Rosner, Ch.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Ruan, X. D.
    Guangxi Univ, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China..
    Santoro, V.
    Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Sarantsev, A.
    Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;NRC Kurchatov Inst, PNPI, Gatchina 188300, Russia..
    Savrie, M.
    Univ Ferrara, I-44122 Ferrara, Italy..
    Schönning, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Schumann, S.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Shan, W.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Shao, M.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Shen, C. P.
    Beihang Univ, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Shen, P. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Shen, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sheng, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, W. M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Song, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sosio, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Spataro, S.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Sun, G. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, J. F.
    Henan Normal Univ, Xinxiang 453007, Peoples R China..
    Sun, S. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. J.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Y. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Z. T.
    Indiana Univ, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA..
    Tang, C. J.
    Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China..
    Tang, X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Tapan, I.
    Uludag Univ, TR-16059 Bursa, Turkey..
    Thorndike, E. H.
    Univ Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
    Tiemens, M.
    Univ Groningen, KVI CART, NL-9747 AA Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ullrich, M.
    Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Phys Inst 2, Heinrich Buff Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany..
    Uman, I.
    Near East Univ, TR-10 North Cyprus, Mersin, Turkey..
    Varner, G. S.
    Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Wang, B.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Wang, B. L.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, D. Y.
    Peking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China..
    Wang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, L. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, M.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, P. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wang, W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, W. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, X. F.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. D.
    Helmholtz Inst Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Y. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Y. Q.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wang, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Z. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Weber, T.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wei, D. H.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Weidenkaff, P.
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Johann Joachim Becher Weg 45, D-55099 Mainz, Germany..
    Wen, S. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wiedner, U.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany..
    Wolke, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nuclear Physics.
    Wu, L. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Wu, Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xiai, L.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xia, L. G.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Xia, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, D.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, H.
    Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Z. J.
    Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Xie, Y. G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xiu, Q. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Xu, G. F.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Q. J.
    Hangzhou Normal Univ, Hangzhou 310036, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Q. N.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Xu, X. P.
    Soochow Univ, Suzhou 215006, Peoples R China..
    Yan, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Yan, W. B.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, W. C.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yan, Y. H.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. J.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China.;Inst Nucl & Particle Phys, Shanghai Key Lab Particle Phys & Cosmol, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Yang, H. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yang, L.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Yang, Y. X.
    Guangxi Normal Univ, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Ye, M. H.
    China Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China..
    Yin, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yu, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Yu, C. X.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Yu, J. S.
    Lanzhou Univ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, C. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, W. L.
    Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Yuncu, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Istanbul Bilgi Univ, TR-34060 Istanbul, Turkey.;Univ Piemonte Orientale, I-15121 Alessandria, Italy.;Bogazici Univ, TR-34342 Istanbul, Turkey..
    Zafar, A. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan..
    Zallo, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Frascati, I-00044 Frascati, Italy..
    Zeng, Y.
    Hunan Univ, Changsha 410082, Peoples R China..
    Zeng, Z.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. X.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, B. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Nanjing Univ, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, C. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, D. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. H.
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, H. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, X. Y.
    Shandong Univ, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. N.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Y. T.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Yu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. H.
    Cent China Normal Univ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. P.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Z. Y.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, G.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, J. Z.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Lei
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Ling
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, M. G.
    Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Q. W.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, S. J.
    Zhengzhou Univ, Zhengzhou 450001, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, T. C.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Y. B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Z. G.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhemchugov, A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia.;Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia..
    Zheng, B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Univ South China, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, J. P.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, W. J.
    Beijing Inst Petrochem Technol, Beijing 102617, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Y. H.
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhong, B.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;Nanjing Normal Univ, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, L.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X.
    Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. K.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. R.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhou, X. Y.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, K. J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, S. H.
    Univ Sci & Technol Liaoning, Anshan 114051, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, X. L.
    Tsinghua Univ, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. C.
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Y. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Z. A.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zhuang, J.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.;State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China..
    Zotti, L.
    Univ Turin, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
    Zou, B. S.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Zou, J. H.
    Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Determination of the number of J/psi events with inclusive J/psi decays2017In: Chinese Physics C, High Energy Physics & Nuclear Physics, ISSN 1674-1137, E-ISSN 0899-9996, Vol. 41, no 1, 013001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A measurement of the number of J/psi events collected with the BESIII detector in 2009 and 2012 is performed using inclusive decays of the J/psi. The number of J/psi events taken in 2009 is recalculated to be (223.7 +/- 1.4) x 10(6), which is in good agreement with the previous measurement, but with significantly improved precision due to improvements in the BESIII software. The number of J/psi events taken in 2012 is determined to be (1086.9 +/- 6.0) x 10(6). In total, the number of J/psi events collected with the BESIII detector is measured to be (1310.6 +/- 7.0) x 10(6), where the uncertainty is dominated by systematic effects and the statistical uncertainty is negligible.

  • Butwicka, Agnieszka
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, MEB, Box 281, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Med Univ Warsaw, Dept Child Psychiat, Warsaw, Poland..
    Långström, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, MEB, Box 281, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larsson, Henrik
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, MEB, Box 281, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Orebro, Dept Med Sci, Orebro, Sweden..
    Lundström, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Eth Law & Mental Hlth CELAM, Molndal, Sweden.;Univ Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiat Ctr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Serlachius, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Almqvist, Catarina
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, MEB, Box 281, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Astrid Lindgren Childrens Hosp, Lung & Allergy Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Frisen, Louise
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, MEB, Box 281, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Increased Risk for Substance Use-Related Problems in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Population-Based Cohort Study2017In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, no 1, 80-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite limited and ambiguous empirical data, substance use-related problems have been assumed to be rare among patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Using Swedish population-based registers we identified 26,986 individuals diagnosed with ASD during 1973-2009, and their 96,557 non-ASD relatives. ASD, without diagnosed comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or intellectual disability, was related to a doubled risk of substance use-related problems. The risk of substance use-related problems was the highest among individuals with ASD and ADHD. Further, risks of substance use-related problems were increased among full siblings of ASD probands, half-siblings and parents. We conclude that ASD is a risk factor for substance use-related problems. The elevated risks among relatives of probands with ASD suggest shared familial (genetic and/or shared environmental) liability.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 13:15 Siegbahnsalen, Uppsala
    Zabzina, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics.
    Mathematical modelling approach to collective decision-making2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In everyday situations individuals make decisions. For example, a tourist usually chooses a crowded or recommended restaurant to have dinner. Perhaps it is an individual decision, but the observed pattern of decision-making is a collective phenomenon. Collective behaviour emerges from the local interactions that give rise to a complex pattern at the group level. In our example, the recommendations or simple copying the choices of others make a crowded restaurant even more crowded. The rules of interaction between individuals are important to study. Such studies should be complemented by biological experiments. Recent studies of collective phenomena in animal groups help us to understand these rules and develop mathematical models of collective behaviour. The most important communication mechanism is positive feedback between group members, which we observe in our example. In this thesis, we use a generic experimentally validated model of positive feedback to study collective decision-making.

    The first part of the thesis is based on the modelling of decision-making associated to the selection of feeding sites. This has been extensively studied for ants and slime moulds. The main contribution of our research is to demonstrate how such aspects as "irrationality", speed and quality of decisions can be modelled using differential equations. We study bifurcation phenomena and describe collective patterns above critical values of a bifurcation points in mathematical and biological terms. In the second part, we demonstrate how the primitive unicellular slime mould Physarum Polycephalum provides an easy test-bed for theoretical assumptions and model predictions about decision-making. We study its searching strategies and model decision-making associated to the selection of food options. We also consider the aggregation model to investigate the fractal structure of Physarum Polycephalum plasmodia.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 10:00 Hambergsalen, Uppsala
    Basirat, Farzad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Process Models for CO2 Migration and Leakage: Gas Transport, Pore-Scale Displacement and Effects of Impurities2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Geological Carbon Storage (GCS) is considered as one of the key techniques to reduce the rate of atmospheric emissions of CO2 and thereby to contribute to controlling the global warming. A successful application of a GCS project requires the capability of the formation to trap CO2 for a long term. In this context, processes related to CO2 trapping and also possible leakage of CO2 to the near surface environment need to be understood. The overall aim of this thesis is to understand the flow and transport of CO2 through porous media in the context of geological storage of CO2. The entire range of scales, including the pore scale, the laboratory scale, the field experiment scale and the industrial scale of CO2 injection operation are addressed, and some of the key processes investigated by means of experiments and modeling.  First, a numerical model and laboratory experimental setup were developed to investigate the CO2 gas flow, mimicking the system in the near-surface conditions in case a leak from the storage formation should occur. The system specifically addressed the coupled flow and mass transport of gaseous CO2 both in the porous domain as well as the free flow domain above it. The comparison of experiments and modelling results showed a very good agreement indicating that the model developed can be applied to evaluate monitoring and surface detection of potential CO2 leakage. Second, the field scale CO2 injection test carried out in a shallow aquifer in Maguelone, France was analyzed and modeled. The results showed that Monte Carlo simulations accounting for the heterogeneity effects of the permeability field did capture the key observations of the monitoring data, while a homogeneous model could not represent them. Third, a numerical model based on phase-field method was developed and model simulations carried out addressing the effect of wettability on CO2-brine displacement at the pore-scale. The results show that strongly water-wet reservoirs provide a better potential for the dissolution trapping, due to the increase of interface between CO2 and brine with very low contact angles. The results further showed that strong water-wet conditions also imply a strong capillary effect, which is important for residual trapping of CO2. Finally, numerical model development and model simulations were carried out to address the large scale geological storage of CO2 in the presence of impurity gases in the CO2 rich phase. The results showed that impurity gases N2 and CH4 affected the spatial distribution of the gas (the supercritical CO2 rich phase), and a larger volume of reservoir is needed in comparison to the pure CO2 injection scenario. In addition, the solubility trapping significantly increased in the presence of N2 and CH4

  • Hellström, John S
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport History Research Group.
    Sportens celebriteter: Björn Borg och Ingemar Stenmark i svensk press2017In: Celebritetsskapande från Strindberg till Asllani / [ed] Torbjörn Forslid, Patrik Lundell, Anders Ohlsson, Tobias Olsson, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2017, 157-173 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 10:15 Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköping
    Lundén, Hampus
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Swedish Defence Research Agency FOI, Electrooptical Systems.
    Sol-Gel Glasses Doped with Pt-Acetylides and Gold Nanoparticles for Enhanced Optical Power Limiting2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    High power laser pulses can be a threat to sensors, including the human eye. Traditionally this threat has been alleviated by colour filters that blocks radiation in chosen wavelength ranges. Colour filters’ main drawback is that they block radiation regardless of it being useful or damaging, information is removed for wavelengths at which the filter protect. Protecting the entire wavelength range of a sensor would block or strongly attenuate the radiation needed for the operation of the sensor.

    Sol-gel glasses highly doped with Pt-Acetylide chromophores have previously shown high optical quality in combination with efficient optical power limiting through reverse saturable absorption1. These filters will transmit visible light unless the light fluence is above a certain threshold. A key design consideration of laser protection filters is linear absorption in relation to threshold level. By increasing chromophore concentration the threshold is lowered at the expense of higher linear absorption. This means that the user’s view is degraded through the filter.

    Adding small amounts of gold nanoparticles to the glasses resulted in an increase in optical power limiting performance. The optimal concentration of gold nanoparticles corresponded to a mean particle distance of several micrometers. The work in this licentiate thesis is about the characterization and explanation of this effect.

    The glasses investigated in this work were MTEOS Sol-Gel glasses doped with either only gold nanoparticles of varying shape and concentration, 50mM of PE2-CH2OH codoped with gold nanoparticles or 50mM of PE3-CH2OH codoped with gold nanoparticles. The glasses only doped with gold nanoparticles showed high optical power limiting performance at 532nm laser wavelength, but no optical power limiting at the fluences tested at 600nm. The PE2-CH2OH glasses codoped with gold nanoparticles showed an enhancement of optical power limiting at 600nm for the low gold nanoparticle concentration glasses. The enhancement was weakened or not present for higher concentrations. A similar enhancement above noise level for the PE3-CH2OH glasses was not found.

    A population model is used to give a qualitative explanation of the findings. The improvement in optical power limiting performance for the PE2-CH2OH glasses is explained by the gold nanoparticles helping to more quickly populate the highly absorbing triplet state during the rising edge of the laser pulse by enhancing two-photon absorption. The lack of any marked enhancement for the PE3-CH2OH glasses is explained by the PE3-CH2OH chromophore already being of sufficiently high performance to quickly populate the highly absorbing triplet state during the rising edge of the laser pulse. Further work is necessary to validate this model against other chromophores and improving its quantitative predictive power.

  • Erlingsson, Sigurdur
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Pavement Technology.
    Tunga trafikens samhällsekonomiska kostnader: accelererade tester av tre vägkonstruktioner2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation (Näringsdepartementet) has given VTI the assignment to update the knowledge about the society costs of the transport infrastructure. A part of that work is to improve our knowledge about the relationship between traffic axle loads and degradations of pavement structures.

    The objective of this report is to investigate if a simple relationship between axle loading and pavements degradation can be used as a tool for estimation of marginal costs for degradation of the entire road network. Three full scale test pavement structures have therefore been tested with an Heavy Vehicle Simulator using three half-axle load levels 40, 50 and 60 kN (corresponding to 8, 10 and 12 tonnes axle loads) to investigate the load intensity on the degradation progress. As a measure of the distress development has the linear rutting rate during testing been used after the initial exponential rutting phase was passed.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-07 10:15 Weber, Växjö
    Vainik, Anne-Lie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Polisanmälningar i grundskolan2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about police reports concerning school violence in Sweden involving children below the age of criminal responsibility. Police reports about incidents caused by pupils in Swedish compulsory schools have increased since at least the 1980s. In research on violent, threatening and insulting acts among children in schools, incidence and causes are often studied in terms of bullying and degrading treatment. Criminological studies on children's violent acts, in schools, is mainly based on information on children aged 15 and over. Research on why police reports are filed about younger children in compulsory schools is limited. The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyse school-related police reports, in relation to children’s unwanted actions in compulsory schools with the goal of understanding the intentionality in every day practice.

    The empirical material consists of four studies of which three have been conducted using qualitative methods through analysing legal documents, using content analysis of texts in school-related police reports and interviews with Principals. The fourth study has been carried out with statistical analysis of school-related police reports. The results of the studies are presented in four papers. This thesis takes the approach from modern sociology which is used both as perspectives and theory. The perspectives concern modernity, social control and cultural sensitivity. The theoretical framework is based on theory of systems and lifeworld.

    The concluding analysis shows local differences in the assessments on which action will be reported to the police. It is mainly Principals who make reports to the police but also parents. Principals’ police reports are based on social commitment and early intervention and parents report concern about repeated school bullying of their children. Despite diverse local practices certain patterns appear. Boys in the 13-14 years age group are the ones most often seen as perpetrators in the police reports. Two particularly prominent patterns become visible at the school level. Most police reports are related to schools with low grades and to so-called resource schools. This indicates that the unwanted actions of disadvantaged children are more often reported to the police than the actions of other children. The filing of police reports can be understood as a result of difficulties among adults to reach common understanding on how children’s problems should be handled in school systems everyday practice.

  • Faletar Tanackovic, Sanjica
    et al.
    University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University.
    The meaning of interoperability and its implications for archival institutions: Challenges and opportunities in Croatia, Finland and Sweden2017In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 1, 1653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This exploratory study aims to map the premises of developing interoperability of archival holdings and the understanding of how “interoperability” is understood from an operational perspective at archival institutions. The study is based on a comparative survey of the views of archivists from Croatian, Finnish and Swedish archives on the perceived needs, barriers and preferences regarding online access and interoperability of a their metadata and holdings.

    Method. A web survey comprising 35 multiple-choice and open-ended questions focusing on current state and plans regarding online access and interoperability of the holdings and metadata of the institutions was sent out to archives in Croatia, Finland and Sweden in autumn 2015.

    Analysis. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses were carried out on the data, which related to 45 individual archives. Quantitative analysis employed the statistical package SPSS, while the qualitative analysis referred to content analysis of open questions by one of the researchers.

    Results. While the respondents are unanimous in their opinion that interoperability is important for their institutions and useful for their users, the current level of interoperability and the online access to holdings provided by the responding institutions in discrepancy with this opinion. The lack of resources and expertise could be traced back to the shortage of interest at strategic and managerial level.

    Conclusion. The findings suggest that there are several obstacles in the way to providing improved interoperability and online access to archival holdings and metadata. At the same time, there is a lack of conceptual agency that would try to redefine the problem and try to choose appropriate methods, develop meanings and relations between the concept of interoperability and the principles of archival work.

  • Kampmann, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Age, Origin and Tectonothermal Modification of the Falun Pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) Sulphide Deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden: Supplementary data tables2017Data set
  • Årestedt, Liselott
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Den ombokade resan: att leva som familj med kronisk sjukdom2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim was to generate deepened knowledge and understanding about families’ experiences of living as a family with chronic illness. The four studies aimed to: illuminate the meaning of living as a family in the midst of chronic illness (I), illuminate illness beliefs in those families (II), illuminate the meaning of place for family well-being (III) and describe the experiences of encounters with health care in families living with chronic illness (IV).

    Methods: All studies had qualitative designs and a Family Systems Nursing perspective. Data was collected through family interviews with families where an adult family member had lived with chronic illness for more than two years. The used analyses were phenomenological hermeneutic (I,III), hermeneutic (II) and content analysis (IV).

    Results: Living as a family with chronic illness was a continuously ongoing process where families co-created a context for living with illness and alternative ways for everyday life (I). Core and secondary beliefs within and across families about illness, family, and health care were revealed and showed for how families responded to and managed situations due to illness (II). Further, the meaning of place for family well-being was described as “a shared respite”, i.e. a place for relief, reflection and re-creation. It seemed to be important for families to be in secure places to enhance well-being (III). Living with chronic illness also includes frequent encounters with health care professionals and having an accompanying member constituted a great power. It helped families to get opportunities to collaborate, and receiving confirmation in the encounters (IV).

    Conclusions: Living as a family with chronic illness is a continuously ongoing process where family members constitute support for each other. Families have a common desire to handle challenges and changes due to illness and to co-create new patterns for everyday living. Therefore, if nurses adopt a Family Nursing Perspective and involve families in health care, families’ strengths and resources can be facilitated. Then, family well-being can be strengthened.

  • Carlson, Annelie
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Rullmotstånd: vägytans egenskaper och dess inverkan2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rolling resistance is an important aspect of the road surface properties in relation to transport energy use and emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). By reducing rolling resistance, the transport energy efficiency can be improved and the CO2 emissions can be reduced. This will help in reaching the climate targets. MIRIAM is a joint project with partners from Europe and the United States with the aim to provide better opportunities to control road transport CO2 emissions related to road surface characteristics with focus on reducing rolling resistance. The partnership covers measurement methods and equipment, tests and measurements, modeling, case studies and implementation of results.

    The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the results published in MIRIAM. The report will give a description of what has been done in the different sub-projects and what the findings are. The compilation is based on the reports and other publications issued within MIRIAM as well as in projects that directly is connected to MIRIAM, and that is published on their websites.

  • Eek-Karlsson, Liselotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Ungas samspel online2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Henmyr, Viktor
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Biomedicin. Lund University.
    Carlberg, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Biomedicin.
    Manderstedt, E.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för molekylär analys. Lund University.
    Lind-Halldén, Christina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Biomedicin.
    Säll, T.
    Lund University.
    Cardell, L. O.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Halldén, Christer
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Biomedicin.
    Genetic variation of the toll-like receptors in a Swedish allergic rhinitis case population2017In: BMC Medical Genetics, ISSN 1471-2350, E-ISSN 1471-2350, Vol. 18, no 1, 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Variation in the 10 toll-like receptor (TLR) genes has been significantly associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) in several candidate gene studies and three large genome-wide association studies. These have all investigated common variants, but no investigations for rare variants (MAF ≤ 1%) have been made in AR. The present study aims to describe the genetic variation of the promoter and coding sequences of the 10 TLR genes in 288 AR patients.

    METHODS: Sanger sequencing and Ion Torrent next-generation sequencing was used to identify polymorphisms in a Swedish AR population and these were subsequently compared and evaluated using 1000Genomes and Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) data.

    RESULTS: The overall level of genetic variation was clearly different among the 10 TLR genes. The TLR10-TLR1-TLR6 locus was the most variable, while the TLR7-TLR8 locus was consistently showing a much lower level of variation. The AR patients had a total of 37 promoter polymorphisms with 14 rare (MAF ≤ 1%) and 14 AR-specific polymorphisms. These numbers were highly similar when comparing the AR and the European part of the 1000Genomes populations, with the exception of TLR10 where a significant (P = 0.00009) accumulation of polymorphisms were identified. The coding sequences had a total of 119 polymorphisms, 68 were rare and 43 were not present in the European part of the 1000Genomes population. Comparing the numbers of rare and AR-specific SNPs in the patients with the European part of the 1000Genomes population it was seen that the numbers were quite similar both for individual genes and for the sum of all 10 genes. However, TLR1, TLR5, TLR7 and TLR9 showed a significant excess of rare variants in the AR population when compared to the non-Finnish European part of ExAC. In particular the TLR1 S324* nonsense mutation was clearly overrepresented in the AR population.

    CONCLUSIONS: Most TLR genes showed a similar level of variation between AR patients and public databases, but a significant excess of rare variants in AR patients were detected in TLR1, TLR5, TLR7, TLR9 and TLR10. This further emphasizes the frequently reproduced TLR10-TLR1-TLR6 locus as being involved in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis.

  • Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Undervisningsbegreppet och dess innebörder uttryckta av förskolans lärare2017In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 5, no 1, 90-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse the preschool staff’s reflections on teaching the youngest children in preschool. Conversations in focus groups with preschool staff have been used for data collection. Theoretically the study considers Billigs concept concerning argumentation that has influence on discourses in change. The concept is used to view that an utterance about something that belongs to a particular discussion, stating that teaching can be understood as an explicit or implicit contradiction to the same discussion. The results point out two discourses where the demands and rights are seen as fields of tensions where an argument for something can, at the same time constitute arguments against something. Teaching the youngest children is part of a preschool in change. With that in mind, we understand the arguments as contradictory when the concept of teaching in preschool is described by the staff, something which can be seen both within and between discourses.

  • Public defence: 2017-05-23 15:30 M108, Stockholm
    Solat Yavari, Majid
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Structural Engineering and Bridges.
    Slab Frame Bridges: Structural Optimization Considering Investment Cost and Environmental Impacts2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research encompasses the automated design and structural optimization of reinforced concrete slab frame bridges, considering investment costs and environmental impacts. The most important feature of this work is that it focusses on realistic and complete models of slab frame bridges rather than on optimization of only individual members or sections of a bridge. The thesis consists of an extended summary of publications and three appended papers. In the first paper, using simple assumptions, the possibility of applying cost-optimization to the structural design of slab frame bridges was investigated. The results of the optimization of an existing constructed bridge showed the potential to reduce the investment cost of slab frame bridges. The procedure was further developed in the second paper. In this paper, automated design was integrated to a more refined cost-optimization methodology based on more detailed assumptions and including extra constructability factors. This procedure was then applied to a bridge under design, before its construction. From the point of view of sustainability, bridge design should not only consider criteria such as cost but also environmental performance. The third paper thus integrated life cycle assessment (LCA) with the design optimization procedure to perform environmental impact optimization of the same case study bridge as in the second paper. The results of investment cost and environmental impact optimization were then compared. The obtained results presented in the appended papers highlight the successful application of optimization techniques to the structural design of reinforced concrete slab frame bridges. Moreover, the results indicate that a multi-objective optimization that simultaneously considers both environmental impacts and investment cost is necessary in order to generate more sustainable designs. The presented methodology has been applied to the design process for a time-effective, sustainable, and optimal design of concrete slab frame bridges.

  • Maziz, Ali
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics.
    Concas, Alexandre
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Khaldi, Alexandre
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Stålhand, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Solid Mechanics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Persson, Nils-Krister
    Swedish School of Textiles (THS), SmartTextiles, University of Borås, 50190 Borås, Sweden.
    Jager, Edwin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Knitting and weaving artificial muscles2017In: Science Advances, ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 3, no 1, e1600327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A need exists for artificial muscles that are silent, soft, and compliant, with performance characteristics similar to those of skeletal muscle, enabling natural interaction of assistive devices with humans. By combining one of humankind’s oldest technologies, textile processing, with electroactive polymers, we demonstrate here the feasibility of wearable, soft artificial muscles made by weaving and knitting, with tunable force and strain. These textile actuators were produced from cellulose yarns assembled into fabrics and coated with conducting polymers using a metal-free deposition. To increase the output force, we assembled yarns in parallel by weaving. The force scaled linearly with the number of yarns in the woven fabric. To amplify the strain, we knitted a stretchable fabric, exhibiting a 53-fold increase in strain. In addition, the textile construction added mechanical stability to the actuators. Textile processing permits scalable and rational production of wearable artificial muscles, and enables novel ways to design assistive devices.

  • Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Statement by Robert Eklund2017In: Dagstuhl Reports, E-ISSN 2192-5283, Vol. 6, no 10, 173-175 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Given a background in Speech Technology (I worked on the first concatenative speech synthesizer for Swedish, the first commercial ASR system for Swedish (now Nuance) and the first open prompt human–computer support system in Scandinavia (Telia 90 200) it has, for a long time been ”natural” for me to think in terms of interaction, and concepts like agents, avatars, Theory of Mind and interface design (auditory and visual) have all been part of parcel of my work activities during the period 1994 to (roughly) 2012....

  • Evarest, Emanuel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berntsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Computational Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Singull, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Yang, Xiangfeng
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Weather Derivatives Pricing Using Regim Switching Models2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we discuss the pricing of weather derivatives whose underlying weather variable is temperature. The dynamics of temperature in this study follows a two state regime switching model with a heteroskedastic mean reverting process as the base regime and a shifted regime defined by Brownian motion with mean different from zero. We develop the mathematical formulas for pricing futures contract on heating degree days (HDDs), cooling degree days (CDDs) and cumulative average temperature (CAT) indices. We also present the mathematical expressions for pricing the corresponding options on futures contracts for the same temperature indices. The local volatility nature of the model in the base regime captures very well the dynamics of the underlying process, thus leading to a better pricing processes for temperature derivatives contracts written on various index variables. We provide the description of Montecarlo simulation method for pricing weather derivatives under this model and use it to price a few weather derivatives call option contracts.

  • Trezzi, Giada
    et al.
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Garcia-Orellana, Jordi
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Rodellas, Valentí
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Masque, Pere
    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Garcia-Solsona, Ester
    Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.
    Andersson, Per
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Assessing the role of submarine groundwater discharge as a source of Sr to the Mediterranean Sea2017In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, ISSN 0016-7037, E-ISSN 1872-9533, Vol. 200, 42-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) has been identified as an

    important source of Sr to the ocean and the SGD-driven Sr flux to the

    global ocean has been recently re-evaluated (Beck et al. 2013). However,

    the uncertainty of this value is still high because of the uncertainties

    related to the determination of SGD flow rates and the paucity of

    87Sr/86Sr data in SGD end-members. As carbonates have high Sr

    concentrations and are subjected to intense heightened weathering, they

    might significantly influence the SGD input of Sr to the ocean. Here we

    present data on Sr concentrations and 87Sr/86Sr ratios in three carbonate

    dominated sites of the western area of the Mediterranean Sea, a semienclosed

    basin characterized by abundant coastal carbonates. The

    87Sr/86Sr ratios in groundwater were lower compared to modern seawater (~

    0.70916), as expected for areas dominated by carbonate lithologies.

    Concentrations of Sr and 87Sr/86Sr ratios in groundwater showed

    conservative mixing in the studied subterranean estuaries. By using SGD

    flow rates reported in the literature for the study areas, a meteoric

    SGD-driven Sr flux of (0.12 - 2.1)·103 mol d-1 km-1 was calculated for

    the region, with a fresh SGD end-member characterized by a Sr

    concentration of 27 - 30 μM and a 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 0.708020 - 0.707834.

    Integrating these Sr data with literature data (i.e. values of Sr

    concentration and 87Sr/86Sr ratio from other lithologies as well as SGD

    flow rates), we also calculated the fresh SGD-driven Sr flux to the

    entire Mediterranean Sea, obtaining a value of (0.34 - 0.83)·109 mol y-1,

    with a 87Sr/86Sr of 0.7086 - 0.7081. Thus, for the entire Mediterranean

    basin, SGD is globally a source of Sr less radiogenic compared to

    seawater. The SGD Sr flux to the Mediterranean Sea represents 5-6% of the

    SGD Sr flux to the global ocean and the Mediterranean SGD end-member has

    higher Sr concentration (5.0 - 12 μM) than the global SGD end-member (2.9

    μM). This confirms the significant role of carbonate lithologies on SGDdriven

    Sr fluxes to seawater.

    The fresh SGD-driven Sr flux to the Mediterranean Sea is about 20 - 50%

    of the riverine Sr input and significantly higher than the input through

    atmospheric dust deposition. Therefore SGD should be considered as an

    important continental source of Sr to the basin.

  • Grasse, P.
    et al.
    GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany.
    Brezezinski, M.
    Marine Science Institute and the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology & University of California, USA.
    Cardinal, D.
    Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
    de Souza, G.F.
    ETH Zurich, Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, Switzerland.
    Andersson, Per
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Closset, I.
    Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
    Cao, Z.
    State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.
    Dai, M.
    State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.
    Ehlert, C.
    Max Planck Research Group for Marine Isotope Geochemistry, University of Oldenburg, Germany.
    Estrade, N.
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia,.
    Francois, R.
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia,.
    Frank, M.
    GEOMAR, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany.
    Jiang, G.
    Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Jones, J.L.
    Marine Science Institute and the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara USA.
    Kooijman, E.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Liu, Q.
    Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Lu, D.
    Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Pahnke, K.
    Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, University of Oldenburg, Germany.
    Ponzevera, E.
    Unité de Recherche Géosciences Marines, IFREMER, Brest, France.
    Schmitt, M.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Sun, S.
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sutton, J.N.
    Universite de Brest, CNRS, IRD, IFREMER, LEMAR, IUEM, France.
    Thil, F.
    LSCE/IPSL - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif sur Yvette, France.
    Weis, D.
    University of British Columbia Pacific Center for Isotopic and Geochemical Research, Vancouver, British Columbia,Canada .
    Wetzel, F.
    ETH Zurich, Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, Switzerland.
    Zhang, A.
    State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
    Zhang, J.
    State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
    Zhang, Z.
    State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science,Xiamen University,.
    GEOTRACES Intercalibration of the Stable Silicon Isotope Composition of Dissolved Silicic Acid in Seawater2017In: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, ISSN ISSN 0267-9477, Vol. 32, 562-578 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first inter-calibration study of the stable silicon isotope composition of dissolved silicic acid in seawater, d30Si(OH)4, is presented as a contribution to the international GEOTRACES program. Eleven laboratories from seven countries analyzed two seawater samples from the North Pacific subtropical gyre (Station ALOHA) collected at 300 m and at 1000 m water depth. Sampling depths were chosen to obtain samples with a relatively low (9 mmol L-1, 300 m) and a relatively high (113 mmol L-1, 1000 m) silicic acid concentration as sample preparation differs for low- and high concentration samples. Data for the 1000 m water sample were not normally distributed so the median is used to represent the central tendency for the two samples. Median d30Si(OH)4 values of +1.66‰ for the low-concentration sample and +1.25‰ for the high-concentration sample were obtained. Agreement among laboratories is overall considered very good; however, small but statistically significant differences among the mean isotope values obtained by different laboratories were detected, likely reflecting inter-laboratory differences in chemical preparation including preconcentration and purification methods together with different volumes of seawater analyzed, andthe use of different mass spectrometers including the Neptune MC-ICP-MS (Thermo Fisher™, Germany), the Nu Plasma MC-ICP-MS (Nu Instruments™, Wrexham, UK), and the Finnigan™ (now Thermo Fisher™, Germany) MAT 252 IRMS. Future studies analyzing d30Si(OH)4 in seawater should also analyze and report values for these same two reference waters in order to facilitate comparison of data generated among and within laboratories over time.

  • Gustafsson, Anna
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency . Executive, Länsstyrelser, Länsstyrelsen Stockholm. Naturvatten i Roslagen AB.
    Vattenväxtinventering i Stockholms län 2016: Inventering av sjöarna Gavel-Långsjön och Mellansjön samt om styvnate i Sparren2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport presenterar en vattenväxtinventering av sjöarna Gavel-Långsjön i Norrtälje och Uppsala kommuner samt Mellansjön i Värmdö kommun. Inventeringsmetoden har i stort följt undersökningstypen för makrofyter i sjöar och kan därmed användas för att klassa sjöarnas ekologiska status med avseende på makrofyter. Inventeringen bekostades av Länsstyrelsens anslag för regional miljöövervakning. Dessutom redogörs för ett uppdrag inom Åtgärdsprogram för hotade arter som innebar kartering och vegetationsrensning vid länets enda aktuella lokal för styvnate, sjön Sparren i Norrtälje och Vallentuna kommuner. Inventeringen har utförts av Naturvatten i Roslagen AB och Anna Gustafsson har författat rapporten.

  • Lundmark, Ralf
    et al.
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency . Taiga Natur.
    Thuresson, Mats
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency . Executive, Länsstyrelser, Länsstyrelsen Stockholm.
    Hedenbo, Per
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency . Executive, Länsstyrelser, Länsstyrelsen Västmanlands län.
    Fågelskär i Mälaren 2016: Heltäckande inventering av kolonihäckande sjöfågel2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Länsstyrelserna i Uppsala, Södermanlands, Västmanlands och Stockholms län bedriver tillsammans med Mälarens vattenvårdsförbund fågelinventering i Mälaren som en del av den regionala miljöövervakningen. Ralf Lundmark har under 2016 fungerat som fältprojektledare och har författat ett underlag till föreliggande resultatrapport. Per Hedenbo, Länsstyrelsen i Västmanlands län, har producerat områdeskartan samt sammanställt tabellerna över antal inventerade fåglar som återfinns i slutet av dokumentet.

  • Katic, Janko
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics, Integrated devices and circuits.
    Rodriguez, Saul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics, Integrated devices and circuits.
    Rusu, Ana
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics, Integrated devices and circuits.
    An Adaptive FET Sizing Technique for HighEfficiency Thermoelectric Harvesters2016In: 2016 IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS), Monte Carlo: IEEE, 2016, 504-507 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A theoretical analysis of losses in low power thermoelectric harvester interfaces is used to find expressions for properly sizing the power transistors according to the input voltage level. These expressions are used to propose an adaptive FET sizing technique that tracks the input voltage level and automatically reconfigures the converter in order to improve its conversion efficiency. The performance of a low-power thermoelectric energy harvesting interface with and without the proposed technique is evaluated by circuit simulations under different input voltage/power conditions. The simulation results show that the proposed technique improves the conversion efficiency of the energy harvesting interface up to 12% at the lowest input voltage/power levels.

  • Willner, Sam
    Linköpings universitet.
    Mortality in history: Gender and Mortality with Regard to Marital Status in 19th Century Sweden2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 233-244 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Ringström, Hans
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.).
    Proof of the cosmic no-hair conjecture in the T3-Gowdy symmetric Einstein-Vlasov setting2016In: Journal of the European Mathematical Society (Print), ISSN 1435-9855, E-ISSN 1435-9863, Vol. 18, no 7, 1565-1650 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Mamelund, Svenn-Erik
    Högskolan i Oslo.
    Mortality in history: Mortality and Life Expectancy in Rendalen and Norway 1770-1900: Period and Cohort Perspective2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 201-231 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Garðarsdóttir, Ólöf
    et al.
    University of Iceland.
    Guttormsson, Loftur
    University of Iceland.
    Mortality in history: Regional Aspects of the Development of Health Reforms and the Decline in Infant Mortality in 19th Century Iceland2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 179-200 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2017-04-18 14:00 FA31, Stockholm
    Basso, Simone
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
    Particulate Debris Spreading and Coolability2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Nordic design of boiling water reactors, a deep water pool under the reactor vessel is employed for the core melt fragmentation and the long term cooling of decay heated corium debris in case of a severe accident. To assess the effectiveness of such accident management strategy the Risk-Oriented Accident Analysis Methodology has been proposed. The present work contributes to the further development of the methodology and is focused on the issue of ex-vessel debris coolability.

    The height and shape of the porous debris bed are among the most important factors that determine if the debris can be cooled by natural circulation of water. The bed geometry is formed in the process of melt release, fragmentation, sedimentation and packing of the debris in the pool. Bed shape is affected by the coolant flow that induces movement of particles in the pool and after settling on top of the bed. The later one is called debris bed self-leveling phenomenon.

    In this study, the self-leveling was investigated experimentally and analytically. Experiments were carried out in order to collect data necessary for the development of a numerical model with an empirical closure. The self-leveling model was coupled to a model for prediction of the debris bed dryout. Such coupled code allows to calculate the time necessary to have a coolable configuration of the bed. The influence of input parameters was assessed through sensitivity analysis in order to screen out the less influential parameters.

    Results of the risk analysis are reported as complementary cumulative distribution functions of the conditional containment failure probability (CCFP).

    Sensitivity analyses identified: effective particle diameter and debris bed porosity as the parameters that provide the largest contribution to the CCFP uncertainty. It is found that the effect of the initial maximum height of the bed on the CCFP is reduced by the self-leveling.

  • Fure, Eli
    Mortality in history: The Decline in Mortality in the Norwegian Parish Asker and Baerum ca. 1750-18502001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 165-177 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)