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  • Souza Filho, Pedro
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Brancoli, Pedro
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Bolton, Kim
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Zamani, Akram
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Techno-Economic and Life Cycle Assessment of Wastewater Management from Potato Starch Production: Present Status and Alternative Biotreatments2017Inngår i: Fermentation, Vol. 3, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Häggström, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Department of Statistics.
    Sampaio, Filipa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Pulkki-Brännström, Anni-Maria
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Department of Statistics; Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Feldman, Inna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Is the Salut Programme an effective and cost-effective universal health promotion intervention for parents and their children?: A register-based retrospective observational study2017Inngår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, nr 9, e016732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Salut Programme, a universal health promotion intervention, compared with care-as-usual, over the periods of pregnancy, delivery and the child's first 2 years of life.

    Method: We adopted a register-based retrospective observational design using existing data sources with respect to both exposures and outcomes. Health outcomes and costs were compared between geographical areas that received care-as-usual (non-Salut area) and areas where the programme was implemented (Salut area). We included mothers and their children from both the Salut and non-Salut areas if: (1) the child was born 2002-2004 (premeasure period) or (2) the child was born 2006-2008 (postmeasure period). The effectiveness study adopted two strategies: (1) a matched difference-in-difference analysis using data from all participants and (2) a longitudinal analysis restricted to mothers who had given birth twice, that is, both in the premeasure and postmeasure periods. The economic evaluation was performed from a healthcare and a limited societal perspective. Outcomes were clustered during pregnancy, delivery and birth and the child's first 2 years.

    Results: Difference-in-difference analyses did not yield any significant effect on the outcomes. Longitudinal analyses resulted in significant positive improvement in Apgar scores, reflecting the newborn's physical condition, with more children having a normal Apgar score (1 min + 3%, 5 min + 1%). The cost of the programme was international dollar (INT$)308/child. From both costing perspectives, the programme yielded higher effects and lower costs than care-as-usual, being thus cost-saving (probability of around 50%).

    Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the Salut Programme is an effective universal intervention to improve maternal and child health, and it may be good value for money; however, there is large uncertainty around the cost estimates.

  • Disputas: 2018-01-26 10:05 ACAS, A-huset, Linköping
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Urban Consolidation Centres: On Relationships between Customer Needs and Services in City Logistics2018Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban Consolidation Centres (UCCs) are often conceived as an enabler to alleviate negative effects associated with distribution of goods in cities, such as traffic congestion and hazardous emissions. UCCs not only have the potential to reduce these effects but also provide alternative distribution solutions by introducing new transhipment points. Despite their potential, UCCs often fail to be self-supporting and are often dependent on subsides, which is not considered to be sustainable in the long run. In response, this thesis takes its point of departure in the two business models elements value propositions and target customers. A business model is often viewed as an enabler to generate revenue and UCCs have the potential to generate revenue by offering services to their customers, and the customers pay for the services. To understand how customers can benefit from UCCs and provide arguments why they should use these, it is important to understand the relationship between customers’ needs and the services UCCs can provide. The purpose of this thesis is to identify and describe the potential relationship between needs of UCC customers and UCC services.

    The research in the thesis is both explorative and descriptive, where a first step is to identify customer needs, UCC services, and value propositions. The descriptive part is to describe them and it is also the foundation for understanding the relationship between customer needs and UCC services. Through the analysis and discussion, multiple customer needs are identified and described for seven customer groups and the UCC operator; all of which could be considered customers of UCCs. The thesis also adds to the UCC literature with three new identified UCC services: e-commerce with used products, advertisement, and registration in computer system. The outcome of the analysis also provides illustrations of how customer needs can be matched with UCC services. For the most studied customer group, receiver of goods, a total of 29 different matches were identified, which illustrates the possibilities but also the complexity of the relationships. To understand the relationship, three different types of gaps were also identified that have implications for future research.

    The main contributions to research and the UCC literature in particular are enlargement of the scope of customers and the illustration of the relationships between customer needs and UCC services. The illustrations include contributions such as identifying, mapping and describing the customer needs, UCC services, and value propositions. An important first step is to understand how customer needs and UCC services can be linked, and this thesis provides examples of how this can be achieved. Viewing every stakeholder as a potential customer opens up the opportunity to fulfil their needs and the potential to generate revenue, which in turn could close the gap in the problem of non-self-supporting UCCs. Furthermore, with self-supporting UCCs, the number of freight vehicles can be reduced and this may lead to more attractive cities with less traffic congestion and lower emissions.

  • Pethrus, Carl-Martin
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Unit.
    Johansson, Kari
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Unit.
    Neovius, Kristian
    Cyclo AB, Stockholm.
    Reutfors, Johan
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Unit.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Neovius, Martin
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Unit.
    Suicide and all-cause mortality in Swedish deployed military veterans: a population-based matched cohort study2017Inngår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, nr 9, e014034Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate suicide and mortality risk in deployed military veterans versus non-deployed comparators who had gone through military conscription testing.

    Design: Population-based matched cohort study.

    Setting: Sweden.

    Participants: Participants were identified from the Military Service Conscription Register and deployment status from the Swedish Military Information Personnel Register. Of 1.9 million conscripts, 21 721 had deployed at some time between 1990 and 2013 (deployed military veterans). Non-deployed comparators were matched to deployed military veterans in two ways: (1) by cognitive ability, psychological assessment, mental health, body mass index, sex, birth-year and conscription-year (carefully matched), with further adjustment for exercise capacity and suicide attempt history; and (2) by sex, birth-year and conscription-year (age-and sex-matched).

    Main outcome: Suicide retrieved from the Swedish National Patient and Causes of Death Register until 31 December 2013.

    Results: During a median follow-up of 12 years, 39 and 211 deaths by suicide occurred in deployed military veterans (n=21 627) and carefully matched non-deployed comparators (n=107 284), respectively (15 vs 16/100 000 person-years; adjusted HR (aHR) 1.07; 95% CI 0.75 to 1.52; p=0.72) and 329 in age-and sex-matched non-deployed comparators (n=108 140; 25/100 000 person-years; aHR 0.59; 95% CI 0.42 to 0.82; p=0.002). There were 284 and 1444 deaths by suicide or attempted suicides in deployed military veterans and carefully matched non-deployed comparators, respectively (109 vs 112; aHR 0.99; 95% CI 0.88 to 1.13; p=0.93) and 2061 in age-and sex-matched non-deployed comparators (158; aHR 0.69; 95% CI 0.61 to 0.79; p<0.001). The corresponding figures for all-cause mortality for carefully matched non-deployed comparators were 159 and 820 (61 vs 63/100 000 person-years; aHR 0.97; 95% CI 0.82 to 1.15; p=0.71) and 1289 for age-and sex-matched non-deployed comparators (98/100 000 person-years; aHR 0.62; 95% CI 0.52 to 0.73; p<0.001).

    Conclusion: Deployed military veterans had similar suicide and mortality risk as non-deployed comparators after accounting for psychological, psychiatric and physical factors. Studies of mental health in deployed veterans need to adjust for more factors than age and sex for comparisons to be meaningful.

  • Sundler, Annelie Johansson
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Råberus, Anna
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Holmström, Inger K
    Mälardalens Högskolan, Uppsala Universitet.
    Mänskliga rättigheter ochrätten till hälsa. En analys av anmälningar till patientnämnderna i VästraGötaland2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport visar att patienters rättigheter är otydliga när det gäller rätten till hälso- och sjukvård. Otydligheten kan leda till att hälso- och sjukvården framstår som rättsosäker. Det finns möjligheter att förbättra kvalitet, trygghet och patientsäkerhet, där anmälningar från patienter och närstående kan utgöra ett värdefullt underlag. En av rapportens slutsatser är att det finns ett behov av en mer patient- och personcentrerad hälso- och sjukvård.

    I denna rapport beskrivs resultaten från ett forskningsprojekt där anmälningar till patientnämnderna i Västra Götaland analyserats med fokus på mänskliga rättigheter. Ett strategiskt urval av 170 anmälningar som patienter eller närstående lämnat till patientnämnderna under år 2015 har här analyserats.

    Resultaten beskrivs i fyra delar. I den första delen presenteras beskrivande statistik för anmälningarna. Den andra delen beskriver innehållet i anmälningarna, vilket handlar om att inte ha tillgång till hälso- och sjukvård, brister i kontinuitet och uppföljning, felaktigheter eller vårdskador till följd av hälso- och sjukvård, brister i kommunikation och samverkan, bemötande, attityder och förhållningssätt i möten med hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal, samt hälso- och sjukvård som går emot patientens vilja. Därefter följer den del där anmälningarna analyserats utifrån ett patient- och mäniskorättsperspektiv. Här beskrivs fem teman som berör rätten till hälsa och patienters rättigheter vid ohälsa och sjukdom, rätten till hälso- och sjukvård och patienters rättigheter vid akuta tillstånd, rätten till god och säker hälso- och sjukvård och patienters säkerhet, rätten till värdighet och ett bra bemötande, samt hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens rättigheter. I den fjärde och sista delen av resultaten har anmälningarna granskats utifrån ett normkritiskt och intersektionellt perspektiv. Här framträder vissa grupper av patienter som mer sårbara än andra, och den utsatthet och maktaspekter som framträder i analysen beskrivs.

    I anmälningarna till patientnämnderna framkommer situationer där patienters rättigheter brister i möten med hälso- och sjukvården, där det kan vara svårt för patienter att utkräva sin rätt. Anmälningarna synliggör patienters upplevelser av att kvalitet, trygghet och patientsäkerhet brister, och patientnämndernas verksamhet spelar en viktig roll i att synliggöra dessa brister för att kunna bidra till förbättringar inom hälso- och sjukvården. För att säkerställa de mänskliga rättigheterna och rätten till hälsa behöver hälso- och sjukvården anpassas utifrån invånares behov.

    Anmälningarna visar att det ibland finns brister i hälso- och sjukvårdens förmåga att utgå från en helhetssyn på patienten. Enskilda personer är sårbara i kontakt med hälso- och sjukvården, och patienters utsatthet och olika maktförhållanden mellan patienter och hälso-  och sjukvårdspersonal behöver hanteras ansvarsfullt för att inte skapa ojämlikheter eller leda till upplevelser av diskriminering. Ett professionellt bemötande kräver också kommunikativ kompetens och empati hos hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal. En slutsats av detta är att det finns behov av en mer patientcentrerad hälso- och sjukvård, som tydligare beaktar enskilda personers förutsättningar och behov, liksom organisatoriska förbättringar som främjar patientens vårdkedja och samverkan mellan vårdverksamheter.

  • Disputas: 2018-02-02 09:15 Polhemssalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Uppsala
    von Fieandt, Linus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Cutting Edge Titanium-based CVD Hard Coatings2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern tools for metal cutting applications, such as turning or milling, are typically improved with a thin protective coating. Despite being only a few microns thick, the coating can increase the lifetime of the tool by more than 100 times compared to an uncoated tool. Two different types of techniques are normally used to deposit the coatings, i.e. chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or physical vapor deposition (PVD). A CVD coated tool often includes several different layers. TiN-Ti(C,N)-Al2O3-TiN is a common combination. The research in this thesis has focused on deposition, characterization, and optimization of TiN and Ti(C,N) layers. CVD has been used to deposit all coatings studied in this thesis. They were characterized with a variety of techniques such as: X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

    TiN was deposited on three different substrates, Co, Fe and Ni. It was found that the TiN coating was strongly affected by the substrate. TiN deposited on Fe substrates resulted in a porous interface caused by substrate etching by the reaction gas mixture. CVD of TiN on Ni substrates resulted in an unwanted intermetallic phase (Ni3Ti) in addition to TiN. Etching or corrosion of the Fe substrates could be reduced by lowering the deposition temperature. In addition, the formation of (Ni3Ti) could be significantly reduced by adjusting the partial pressure of the reactant gases. This shows that CVD of TiN on cutting tools with Fe or Ni as a binder phase needs to be optimized with respect to the process parameters.

    Thermodynamic calculations of the Ti(C,N) CVD process indicates that the major growth species using CH3CN, TiCl4 and H2 as precursors, was HCN and TiCl3. They were formed in the gas phase by homogeneous reactions. Furthermore, it was found that by adjusting the composition of the reaction gas mixture, the preferred orientation, morphology, and micro-structure of the Ti(C,N) coatings could be tailored. As a result, the tribological/mechanical properties of the Ti(C,N) coatings could be significantly improved. A hardness of 40 GPa, i.e. close to super hard could for instance be achieved. The origin of the mechanical improvements was attributed to a more ordered crystallographic orientation in the <111> direction as well as a high defect density close to the coating surface. In addition to the excellent mechanical properties, the Ti(C,N) coatings were also found to have a high corrosion resistance in sea water, thanks to a formation of a passivating surface layer (TiO2).

  • Sandström, Johan
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Johannesson, Pär
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Safety.
    Mikael, Sidenmark
    Ocean Harvesting Technologies AB, Sweden.
    Reliability analysis with VMEA of a rack and pinion mechanism in a wave energy gravity accumulator2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The method Variation and Mode Effect Analysis (VMEA) is successfully implemented for the AGMA based gear design of the rack pinion mechanism. The rack and pinion is a feature in Ocean Harvesting Technologies (OHT) gravity accumulator device. The purpose of it is to make the electrical power output to the grid more uniform. This is a novel technology where previous experience in designing is absent. The VMEA method is there for useful for incorporating all known uncertainties to estimate the uncertainty and reliability of the technology. This allows for adequate safety factors to be set so the desired reliability can be achieved.

    The uncertainty and reliability analysis is performed for different OHT designs and methods where the reliability is calculated. This calculation can be used as basis for further analysis when more design details are determined and modifications are made, thus allowing for more optimized and reliable design to be made.

  • Häggström, Christel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi. Umeå University, Department of Biobank Research.
    Liedberg, Fredrik
    Skåne University Hospital, Department of Urology; Lund University, Department of Translational Medicine.
    Hagberg, Oskar
    Regional Cancer Centre South, Lund.
    Aljabery, Firas
    Linköping University, Division of Urology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
    Ströck, Viveka
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Urology.
    Hosseini, Abolfazl
    Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Urology.
    Gårdmark, Truls
    Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Department of Clinical Sciences.
    Sherif, Amir
    Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology.
    Malmström, Per-Uno
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Urologkirurgi.
    Garmo, Hans
    King’s College London, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, Division of Cancer Studies; Regional Cancer Centre Uppsala/Örebro.
    Jahnson, Staffan
    Linköping University, Division of Urology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
    Holmberg, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi. King’s College London, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, Division of Cancer Studies.
    Cohort profile: The Swedish National Register of Urinary Bladder Cancer (SNRUBC) and the Bladder Cancer Data Base Sweden (BladderBaSe)2017Inngår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, nr 9, e016606Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To monitor the quality of bladder cancer care, the Swedish National Register of Urinary Bladder Cancer (SNRUBC) was initiated in 1997. During 2015, in order to study trends in incidence, effects of treatment and survival of men and women with bladder cancer, we linked the SNRUBC to other national healthcare and demographic registers and constructed the Bladder Cancer Data Base Sweden (BladderBaSe).

    Participants: The SNRUBC is a nationwide register with detailed information on 97% of bladder cancer cases in Sweden as compared with the Swedish Cancer Register. Participants in the SNRUBC have registered data on tumour characteristics at diagnosis, and for 98% of these treatment data have been captured. From 2009, the SNRUBC holds data on 88% of eligible participants for follow-up 5 years after diagnosis of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, and from 2011, data on surgery details and complications for 85% of participants treated with radical cystectomy. The BladderBaSe includes all data in the SNRUBC from 1997 to 2014, and additional covariates and follow-up data from linked national register sources on comorbidity, socioeconomic factors, detailed information on readmissions and treatment side effects, and causes of death.

    Findings to date: Studies based on data in the SNRUBC have shown inequalities in survival and treatment indication by gender, regions and hospital volume. The BladderBaSe includes 38 658 participants registered in SNRUBC with bladder cancer diagnosed from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2014. The BladderBaSe initiators are currently in collaboration with researchers from the SNRUBC investigating different aspects of bladder cancer survival.

    Future plans: The SNRUBC and the BladderBaSe project are open for collaborations with national and international research teams. Collaborators can submit proposals for studies and study files can be uploaded to servers for remote access and analysis. For more information, please contact the corresponding author.

  • Disputas: 2018-02-02 13:00 Room IV, University Main Building, Uppsala
    Lloyd, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    Moments of meaning – Towards an assessment of protective and risk factors for existential vulnerability among young women with mental ill-health concerns: A mixed methods project in clinical psychology of religion and existential health2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The present sequential mixed-methods project was conducted in the area of clinical psychology of religion and existential health. The central aim of the project was to investigate clinically relevant areas for an assessment of protective and risk factors for existential vulnerability and dysfunctional existential meaning-making in a clinical sample of young women with mental ill-health concerns. Three theoretical areas were applied and operationalized for the project: Existential meaning-making; Ontological security; and, Emotion regulation. The sample was composed of female participants at an outpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy clinic for young adults in Sweden, with depression as the most common preliminary diagnosis. Study I, quantitative, comprised an online questionnaire of established assessment-measures, completed by 53 women (17–30 y., M = 22.4 y.). Depression-related personality traits were explored as possible underlying variables when studying relations between mental ill-health and a dysfunctional existential meaning-making process, by comparing groups pertaining to different levels of depression-related personality traits to explore possible differences between groups in the areas studied. Study II, qualitative, comprised an in-depth interview, with a subgroup (n = 10; range 21-25 y, M=22.7) drawn from the preceding study, and representative of those high on depression-related scales. Interrelations between existential meaning-making and emotion regulation were explored in relation to everyday life, critical life-events, and ultimate concerns through a systematic text condensation process. Study III, multi-method, comprised several assessment steps of data from the subgroup, and an assessment of inter-rater reliability (IRR). Possible functional factors (protective) and dysfunctional factors (risk) for mental ill-health were explored through an assessment of Existential worldview function, by the exploration of interrelations among existential worldview, ontological security and self-concept. According to our hypothesis, high scores on the depression-related personality scale Inhibition of aggression were strongly associated with a less functional existential meaning-making process in this sample of young clinical females. Among the High scorers, a crisis of meaning was found in terms of weak or no access to sufficient cultural knowledge or existential resources in intergenerational, emotionally-nurturing relationships. Results further indicated a general lack of an operating existential worldview accompanied by little or no reflection on existential worldview matters among a majority of the subjects and their parents.

  • Nagy, Caroline
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Fler bråk i matematikundervisningen: En aktionsforskningsstudie där lärare lär om progression2017Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have a focus on progression in teaching and learning mathematics. An assumption for this study was that progression in teaching between school stages was important. The approach of the study was based on action research. Four teachers from preschool to 9th grade (age 1-16) were invited to a temporary team, a community of practice. The overall aim of the study was to develop knowledge about teaching fractions when teachers used students’ understandings as a point of departure for their action plans. A second aim was to illuminate what influences progression in their teaching.

    The team of teachers used the four phases of action research: plan, act, observe and reflect, during their learning processes. The teachers’ learning sessions were videotaped and transcribed and this provided the main data that formed the basis of the results. Wenger’s dimensions of social learning were used as an analytical tool: joint enterprise, mutual engagement and shared repertoire.

    Four themes that described teachers’ negotiation of qualities in mathematics instruction were identified: interpreting students’ understandings, basing instruction on students’ understandings, visualizing fractions and ensuring students’ understanding. When teachers, regardless of what stage was involved, reified similar instructions, it did not benefit students’ learning opportunities. In order to improve progression in teaching fractions, it was important that teachers succeeded in identifying students’ understandings and that the team negotiated different qualities in their community of practice. The shared repertoire (the pre-tests and the video recordings) formed the core of negotiating progression based on students’ understandings. The team showed a mutual engagement, with students’ learning as their joint enterprise. An implication of the study is that teachers from different educational stages can negotiate progression and improve it.

  • Disputas: 2018-02-02 09:30 Enghoffsalen, Uppsala
    Sidibeh, Cherno Omar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Novel mechanisms of glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance in human adipose tissue2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The global prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing. From a public health perspective, it is therefore of interest to identify common underlying mechanisms of these comorbidities. Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones that are important in stress regulation in mammals. Elevated glucocorticoid levels are associated with insulin resistance (IR) and T2D-like phenotypes. Here, glucocorticoids are used to model a state of IR in human adipose tissue to identify potential pharmacological targets.

    In Paper I the impact of T2D on lipid turnover was examined in a cohort of 20 T2D subjects and 20 healthy controls. Plasma levels of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were shown to be elevated in T2D subjects during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) compared to healthy controls. In vitro lipolysis and assessments of mRNA and metabolites in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were performed. Results showed that elevated NEFA levels in T2D subjects could be attributed to impaired lipid storage.

    In Paper II we explored the role of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CNR1) in glucocorticoid-induced IR. The CNR1 gene was upregulated after exposure to glucocorticoids in SAT. Moreover, CNR1 gene expression in SAT was associated with markers of IR and elevated in T2D subjects compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, using a CNR1-specific antagonist, we found that CNR1 may mediate lipolysis in SAT.

    In Paper III-IV, we examined the role of FK506 protein 5 (FKBP51) in glucocorticoid-induced IR. Its corresponding gene, FKBP5, was found to be upregulated in SAT and omental adipose tissue (OAT) following glucocorticoid-exposure. In addition, FKBP5 gene expression in SAT was associated with markers of IR and tended to be elevated in T2D subjects compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, co-incubating an FKBP51-specific inhibitor with glucocorticoids in SAT partly prevented glucocorticoid-impaired adipocyte glucose uptake.

    We identified CNR1 and FKBP51 as potential pharmacological targets in T2D and glucocorticoid-induced IR. Both were shown to be elevated in human adipose tissue after glucocorticoid-exposure. Their SAT gene expression levels were also associated with markers of IR and tended to be elevated in T2D. Both may be involved in perturbations of adipocyte metabolism, including glucose and lipid metabolism.

  • Tarrio, Diego
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Prokofiev, Alexander V.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Gustavsson, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Jansson, Kaj
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Andersson Sundén, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Al-Adili, Ali
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Pomp, Stephan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
    Characterization of the Medley setup for measurements of neutron-induced fission cross sections at the GANIL-NFS facility2017Inngår i: EPJ Web of Conferences, ISSN 2101-6275, E-ISSN 2100-014X, Vol. 146, 03026Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Neutron-induced fission cross sections of 235U and 238U are widely used as standards for monitoring of neutron beams and fields. An absolute measurement of these cross sections at an absolute scale, i.e., versus the H(n,p) scattering cross section, is planned with the white neutron beam under construction at the Neutrons For Science (NFS) facility in GANIL. The experimental setup, based on PPACs and ΔE-ΔE-E telescopes containing Silicon and CsI(Tl) detectors, is described. The expected uncertainties are discussed.

  • Johansson, Monika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Hultgren, Frances
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Didaktik för fri läsning2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel inleds med att en didaktik för fri läsning introduceras. Denna didaktik är tänkt att på ett strukturerat sätt ge eleverna möjligheter att upptäcka läsningens glädje och därmed bidra till en framgångsrik och stimulerande läsundervisning. Artikeln avslutas med en sammanfattning av modulen i sin helhet, där några utmaningar och dilemman som ni kan ha stött på i ert löpande arbete lyfts. Syftet är att uppmuntra till reflektion kring det fortsatta arbetet att stimulera elevers läsengagemang.

  • Glimstedt, Amanda
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Elber, Gunilla
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Hultgren, Frances
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Johansson, Monika
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Digitala verktyg och läsning2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Specialpedagogisk forskningsmiljö (SpecPed). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University.
    Dehlin, EvaEliasson, LenaFalk, MarcusGannby, KristinJosefsson, JosefineKlefbeck, KamillaHögskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.Rodin, SusanneStoltz, MalinÖstlund, Malena
    Nio förstelärares arbete i grundsärskola och gymnasiesärskola: resultat från en forskningscirkel2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningscirkeln har genomförts tillsammans med nio förstelärare från två kommuner som arbetar inom grundsärskola och gymnasiesärskola. Inom ramen forskningscirkeln har de drivit utvecklingsprojekt under läsåret 2016/2017.

    Grundsärskola och gymnasiesärskola utgör arenan för deltagarna i forskningscirkeln och de nio förstelärarna har drivit egna utvecklingsprojekt inom sina respektive verksamheter. Trots att de nio förstelärarna arbetar på olika stadier, med olika elevgrupper och utifrån olika förutsättningar samlades de kring några centrala teman. I de olika utvecklingsprojekten har skolutveckling utifrån elevernas delaktighet och inflytande, bedömning för lärande, elevhälsa, kommunikation och kollegialt lärande stått i förgrunden. 

  • Johansson, Monika
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Serier för läsintresse2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna text handlar om hur serier kan bidra till elevers intresse för läsning. Efter inledningen ges en kort historisk återblick följd av en genomgång om hur serier är uppbyggda och seriegenrens specifika drag. Texten avslutas med en presentation av en pedagogisk modell som tydliggör olika genrers språk och mönster, cirkelmodellen, vilken kan användas i olika ämnen för ämnesfördjupning.

  • Bartolo, Paul
    et al.
    European Agency of Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Björck-Åkesson, EvaHögskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, CHILD.Giné, ClimentUniversitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.Kyriazopoulou, MaryEuropean Agency of Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Inclusive Early Childhood Education: An analysis of 32 European examples2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, CHILD.
    Kyriazopoulou, MaryEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.Giné, ClimentUniversitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.Bartolo, PaulEuropean Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.
    Inclusive Early Childhood Education Environment Self-Reflection Tool2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    From Introduction:

    This Self-Reflection Tool was developed as part of the Inclusive Early Childhood Education (IECE) project, conducted by the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education from 2015 to 2017 (www.european-agency.org/agency-projects/inclusive-earlychildhood-education). The project’s overall goal was to identify, analyse and subsequently promote the main characteristics of quality IECE for all children. To that end, a need was detected for a tool that all professionals and staff could use to reflect on their setting’s inclusiveness, focusing on the social, learning and physical environment. This tool is intended to help improve settings’ inclusiveness.

  • Uggla, Karolina
    et al.
    IDT (Akademin för innovation, design och teknik) vid Mälardalens högskola.
    Öhrner, Annika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Konstvetenskap.
    Forskning rörande kulturella och kreativa näringar vid lärosäten i Stockholms län: En inventering2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport är en inventering över pågående och nyligen avslutade forskningsprojekt i Stockholms län som på olika sätt relaterar till begreppet kulturella och kreativa näringar (KKN).Begreppet kulturella och kreativa näringar kommer ur en viss historisk kontext och relaterar till specifika politiska fält. Dessa ges en kort bakgrund innan författarba ringar in hur man valt att förstå och arbeta med begreppet inom uppdraget. De projekt som ingår i rapporten, pågick eller avslutades under perioden från 1 januari 2015 till 30 juni 2017. De är antingen finansierade av de etablerade forskningsfinansiärerna eller utförda inom ramen för lärosätenas fakultetsmedel eller medel för konstnärlig utveckling. Se ytterligare detaljering och avgränsningar i introduktionen.

  • Disputas: 2018-02-02 13:30 Fullriggaren, Kalmar
    Broman, Elias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Ecology and evolution of coastal Baltic Sea 'dead zone' sediments2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since industrialization and the release of agricultural fertilizers began, coastal and open waters of the Baltic Sea have been loaded with nutrients. This has increased the growth of algal blooms and because a portion of the algal organic matter sinks to the sea floor, hypoxia has increased. In conjunction to this, natural stratification of the water column makes the bottom zones especially prone to oxygen depletion due to microbes using oxygen and organic matter to grow. Hypoxia (<2 mg/L O2) and anoxia (no oxygen) are deadly for many organisms and only specialists (typically some microorganisms) are able to survive. Due to the harsh conditions these bottom zones are commonly referred to as 'dead zones'. The focus of this thesis was to look closer at the microbial community changes upon degradation of algal organic matter and the effect of oxygenating coastal Baltic Sea 'dead zone' sediments on chemistry fluxes, phyto- and zooplankton, the microbial community structure, and microbial metabolic responses. Results from field sampling and incubation experiments showed that degradation of algal biomass in nutrient rich oxic sediment was partly related to the growth of archaea; that oxygenation of anoxic sediments decreased stored organic matter plus triggered hatching of zooplankton eggs increasing the benthic-pelagic coupling; and resting diatoms buried in hypoxic/anoxic sediment were alive and triggered to germinate by light rather than oxygen. Changes in the microbial community structures to oxygen shifts were dependent on the historical exposure to oxygen and that microbial generalists adapted to episodic oxygenation were favored during oxygen shifts. Facultative anaerobic sulfur/sulfide oxidizing bacterial genera were favored upon oxygenation of hypoxic/anoxic sediment plus sulfur cycling and nitrogen fixation genes were abundant. Finally, it was discovered that oxygenation regulates metabolic processes involved in the sulfur and methane cycles, especially by metabolic processes that results in a decrease of toxic hydrogen sulfide as well as the potent greenhouse gas methane. This thesis has explored how 'dead zones' change and develop during oxygen shifts and that re-oxygenation of ‘dead zones’ could bring favorable conditions in the sediment surface for reestablishment of new micro- and macroorganism communities.

  • Horbyk, Roman
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Palko, O.
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.
    Righting the writing. The power dynamic of Soviet Ukraine language policies and reforms in the 1920s-1930s2017Inngår i: Studi Slavistici, ISSN 1824-761X, E-ISSN 1824-7601, Vol. 14, 67-89 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Righting the Writing. The Power Dynamic of Soviet Ukraine Language Policies and Reforms in the 1920s-1930s The first post-revolutionary decades became decisive for the development of the Ukrainian language, national culture and identity. The Ukrainian language, previously subject to a number of bans, finally entered the stage of intensive status and corpus planning. Thanks to this, it became a decisive factor in the rivalry between different forms of statehood vying on the Ukrainian territory after 1917. At the same time, the status upgrade and broader public use called for the standardisation of the language. The first practical steps towards the unification of different orthographic traditions were undertaken from 1918 to 1921. The turbulence of civil war, however, determined the failure of comprehensive language reform. Calls for linguistic unification gained new force in the second half of the 1920s: with the introduction of Ukrainizacija, the local variant of the all-Union nationalities policy of korenizacija introduced in 1923, the Ukrainian language was acknowledged as the means to the republic’s Sovietisation. This was part and parcel of the Soviet "affirmative action empire" (Terry Martin) which had to contain the 1917-1921 rise of nationalism of the empire’s minorities. Locally, the elites had to negotiate their own interests and the centre’s demands. How exactly do the debates on the "correct" codification of the language and the actual steps towards different ideals reflect the changing power dynamic between the centre and the republics in the interbellum ussr This is the problem this study sets out to tackle using the example of Soviet Ukraine. The paper explores the link between language and politics in Soviet Ukraine in the 1920s and 1930s. While examining the political preconditions for the language policies in Ukraine, significant attention will also be devoted to the specifics of the 1928 spelling reform and its reception by the general public in Ukraine and abroad. In general, it is argued that in the Soviet Union language was often used as a tool of political consolidation, and the power struggle between different visions of the future of the republics can be seen in debates and reforms of language. Hence, the correlation between Soviet language policies and the subsequent Sovietisation (or Russification) is highlighted. The subsequent debates around the status of the Ukrainian language, its orthography and vocabulary exposed the unbridgeable differences between the political elites in the republic and powers in Moscow. The draft of the new orthography was thoroughly discussed by academics and linguists, representing different parts of Ukraine and the final draft was publicly discussed republic-wide. The spelling reform, adopted in 1929, can rightly be regarded as one of the greatest achievements of Ukrainizacija. This newly-acquired status was significantly challenged by the centralisation drive of the Moscow party leadership. This orthography, widely known as ’skrypnykivka’ (after the then Commissar for Education Mykola Skrypnyk) or ’Charkiv orthography’ was attacked for its attempts to dissociate the Ukrainian language from Russian and ’westernise’ the language. After 1933, the main principles of the spelling reform were labelled ’nationalistic’. The reform was quickly abandoned. Furthermore, after 1937, all the corpus planning attempts were geared towards ’purifying’ the Ukrainian language from foreign influence, when Russian equivalents and cognates were introduced or prioritised. © 2017 Author(s).

  • Hultgren, Frances
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Läsande förebilder2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    läsintresse till eleverna och stimulera deras eget intresse för att läsa. En förutsättning för att en läsupplevelse ska vara personligt givande är att de texter som ska läsas är intressanta och engagerande för individen. Att dessa texter hittar till läsaren är ofta tack vare en kunnig och inspirerande förmedlare, till exempel en lärare, skolbibliotekarie, fritidspedagog, förälder, annan vuxen eller en kamrat.

  • Stier, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Dobers, Peter
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Quadruple Helix Co-creation in SSH: Experiences, Considerations, Lessons Learned2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe 2020, the European Union’s ten-year growth strategy, aims at delivering smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The strategy sets targets in the areas of employment, research and development, climate change, education and poverty, and social exclusion for the coming decade. It is within this context that the Horizon 2020 scheme highlights impact, co-creation, and quadruple helix cooperation vehicles for innovation and in response to societal challenges. It is also here that the knowledge and research results of the social sciences and humanities (SSH) play a crucial role. At the same time, definitions and understanding of such concepts are ambiguous if not even contradictory, which makes it difficult to determine their applicability and effectiveness. This being said, there is a need for clearer definitions and viable and measurable valorisation processes to determine the value and outcomes of such processes. By the same token, there is a need to move beyond concepts and models into the actual work with these matters: to talk to the people from academia, government, industry and societal partners about their experiences with co-creation and the considerations these experiences have involved and the lessons that have been learned. To move beyond traditional and linear valorisation approaches (i.e. from academia to society), it is frequently claimed that quadruple helix actors need to be committed to and actively engaged in co-creation. Yet, due to its being boundary transgressive, co-creation is multifaceted and seldom naturally occurring. Also, collaboration and co-creation are often obstructed by differences in organisational culture, organisational logics and ideological disagreement among the actors involved. For all the reasons above, the ACCOMPLISSH consortium, made up of 14 universities from 12 countries (representing a range of SSH sub-disciplines), is engaged with a variety of quadruple helix partners from government, industry and society.

  • Hultgren, Frances
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Johansson, Monika
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Bjur, Louise
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Läsmiljö - att skapa rum för läsande2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Disputas: 2018-02-02 13:00 Polhemsalen, Uppsala
    Hultman, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Elektricitetslära.
    Robotized Production Methods for Special Electric Machines2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A research project on renewable energy conversion from ocean waves to electricity was started at the Division of Electricity at Uppsala University (UU) in 2001. The Wave Energy Converter (WEC) unit developed in this project is intended to be used in large offshore WEC farms and has therefore been designed with large-scale production in mind. The concept has now also been commercialized by the spin-off company Seabased Industry AB.

    An essential part of the UU WEC is the linear direct-drive generator. This thesis presents the pilot work on developing robotized production methods for this special electric machine. The generator design is here investigated and four different backbreaking, monotone, potentially hazardous and time consuming manual production tasks are selected for automation. A robot cell with special automation equipment is then developed and constructed for each task. Simplicity, reliability and flexibility are prioritized and older model pre-owned industrial robots are used throughout the work. The robot cells are evaluated both analytically and experimentally, with focus on full scale experiments. It is likely that the developed production methods can be applied also for other similar electric machines.

    The main focus in the thesis is on robotized stator cable winding. The here presented robot cell is, to the knowledge of the author, the first fully automated stator cable winding setup. Fully automated winding with high and consistent quality and high flexibility is demonstrated. Significant potential cost savings compared to manual winding are also indicated. The robot cell is well prepared for production, but further work is required to improve its reliability.

    The other three developed robot cells are used for stator stacking, surface mounting of permanent magnets on translators and machining of rubber discs. All robot cell concepts are experimentally validated and considerable potential cost savings compared to manual production are indicated. Further work is however required with regards to autonomy and reliability.

    Finally, the thesis presents a pedagogical development work connected to the research on robotized production methods. A first cycle course on automation and robot engineering is here completely reworked, as it is structured around three real-world group project tasks. The new course is evaluated from the examination results, the students’ course evaluations and the feedback from the teachers during six years. The students greatly appreciated the new course. It is indicated that the developed teaching approach is effective in teaching both classical and modern engineering skills.

  • Dolatkhah, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Hultgren, Frances
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Vad läser elever?2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Pierre, Anne
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Local small business development in two Swedish northern rural areas: A matter of synergy, social capital and trust?2017Inngår i: Journal of Rural and Community Development, ISSN 1712-8277, E-ISSN 1712-8277, Vol. 12, nr 2/3, 143-167 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This exploratory paper examines the synergy between small businesses and the municipality in rural areas in northern Sweden, by exploring whether the degree of social capital and trust influences local small business development. Previous research shows that municipal policy tools, initiatives, and state-society synergy are crucial for local small business development in rural areas. This study challenge popular assumptions about how state-society synergy is imperative for local small business development by saying that a lack of vertical trust has in fact encouraged the entrepreneurial force and increased small business development in the rural areas studied. A qualitative case-study method was used including interviews, observations and studying of documents. Results show, by using the indicator ‘extent of trust in the municipality’ as measurement, that when there is strong horizontal social capital, it may in fact inhibit the possibility of creating strong vertical social capital, and the extent of trust towards the municipality is insignificant in promoting small business development in a rural area if the horizontal social capital is strong.

  • Hultgren, Frances
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Johansson, Monika
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Stimulera läsintresse - en introduktion2017Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här modulen diskuteras, utifrån läsforskning och styrdokument, skolans potential och ansvar för att utveckla elevers läsande. I denna första artikel presenteras och förklaras en rad begrepp kopplade till elevers läsutveckling. Betydelsen av samverkan mellan lärare och skolbibliotekarier för att stödja elevernas läsutveckling lyfts. Avslutningsvis introduceras hur en Läsvanestudie kan vara ett verktyg för att kartlägga hur elever ser på och använder sig av läsning.

  • Uppdatering av Naturvårdsverkets länsvisa våtmarksinventering "VMI": en metod för miljöövervakning1995Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Våtmarksinventering med hjälp av IR-färgbilder i norrbottens län1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Johansson, Monika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Ruhtenberg, Tobias
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Teaching Media and Information Literacy: Presentation of a course for teachers and school librarians2017Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The following presentation aims to present and share experiences from the course in Media and Information Literacy (MIL) at the University of Borås as a part of the professional development of teachers and school librarians.

  • Naturvårdsplan för Sverige: En strategi för säkerställandearbetet1991Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför skall vi skydda värdefull natur? Behövs verkligen fler naturreservat och nationalparker? I så fall för vem och varför?


    Naturvårdsplan för Sverige beskriver de insatser som krävs även i framtiden för att skydda värdefull natur. Ett skydd och en vård som bör ske med utgångspunkt både från samhällets behov och med målet att bevara naturens mångfald och rikedom.


    Syftet med säkerställandearbetet är att med stöd av naturvårdslagen ge ett visst område eller naturvårdsobjekt ett rättsligt bindande skydd.


    Boken vänder sig till politiker, tjänstemän inom stat och kommun, organisationer, föreningar och till människor med intresse för natur och naturvård.

  • NATURVÅRD I FJÄLLEN1986Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    År 1909 inrättade riksdagen ett antal nationalparker i Sverige, bl a 5 st i fjällregionen- Abisko, Stora Sjöfallet,Sarek, Pieljekaise och Sonfjället. Kunskapen om naturvärdena var då måhända med dagens mått inte den bästa men idag framstår besluten om nationalparkerna ändå som framsynta.


    Vi har nu en väsentligt bättre överblick av naturvärdena i fjällen. Genom bland annat insatser från naturgeografiska institutionen vid Stockholms Universitet har fjällens vegetation och geomorfologi kartlagts och genom särskilda inventeringar har faunan och urskogarna dokumenterats. Vi har idag fått en sådan kunskap om naturvärdena i fjällen att vi ganska väl kan avgöra vad som är särskilt värdefullt och behöver skyddas.


    I denna publikation redovisar naturvårdsverket emellertid bara hur inventeringarna genomförts och vilka områden i fjällen som är mest värdefulla. Därtill förs en diskussion om tänkbara ambitionsnivåer för skydd av fjällen och synpunkter på hur de skall skyddas. Vi hoppas att "Naturvård i fjällen" skall sätta fart på debatten om hur och hur mycket av fjällen som skall skyddas. Därefter kommer naturvårdsverket att i särskild ordning framlägga ett förslag till naturvårdsplan för fjällen, för att ge riksdagen svar på frågan om "de svenska fjällområdenas planmässiga användning inom ramen för modern naturvård".


    Trots att vi redan har ett hyggligt skydd av stora delar av vår fantastiska fjällvärld som nationalparker, naturreservat eller obrutna fjäll kan vi behöva skydda ännu flera områden. I ett vidare sammanhang är fjällen "Europas sista stora vildmark", vilken Sverige måste akta noga så att den även i framtiden förblir en tillgång för oss alla.

  • André, Samuel
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Datorstödd konstruktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Produktutveckling.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Datorstödd konstruktion. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Produktutveckling. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Maskinteknik. Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Simulering och optimering.
    Creating an ability to respond to changing requirements by systematic modelling of design assets and processes2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    System suppliers, e.g. original equipment suppliers, are important for the success of many products. They design a unique solution, often in close collaboration with other companies, based on different product concepts and/or core technologies. The solution can then be manufactured in different quantities depending on the client’s need. High level of customization is required as the interfaces are not standardized, the performance is not negotiable, requirements are not initially fixed and the specific system interacts with, is affected by, or affects other systems that are simultaneously developed. A system supplier commonly designs and manufactures solutions for different OEMs and must support many models and variants in their product portfolios. Efficiency, short lead-time, continuous technology development, and adaptability are essential for the competitive edge. A product platform approach has been a success for many companies to enable variety at low cost, however, it is not applicable for system suppliers. This work describes the result from a case study where a platform approach enabling a new way of structuring, publishing and managing design assets and processes was introduced at a company with the purpose to improve the ability to respond to changing requirements in the quotation process and the subsequent product development activities.

  • Lin, Chung-Ying
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Broström, Anders
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Nilsen, Per
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad. Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd, Qazvin, Iran.
    Psychometric validation of the Persian bergen social media addiction scale using classic test theory and Rasch models2017Inngår i: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, nr 4, 620-629 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: The Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), a six-item self-report scale that is a brief and effective psychometric instrument for assessing at-risk social media addiction on the Internet. However, its psychometric properties in Persian have never been examined and no studies have applied Rasch analysis for the psychometric testing. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian BSMAS using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch models among 2,676 Iranian adolescents.

    Methods: In addition to construct validity, measurement invariance in CFA and differential item functioning (DIF) in Rasch analysis across gender were tested for in the Persian BSMAS.

    Results: Both CFA [comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.993; Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) = 0.989; root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.057; standardized root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.039] and Rasch (infit MnSq = 0.88-1.28; outfit MnSq = 0.86-1.22) confirmed the unidimensionality of the BSMAS. Moreover, measurement invariance was supported in multigroup CFA including metric invariance (ΔCFI = .0.001; ΔSRMR = 0.003; ΔRMSEA = .0.005) and scalar invariance (ΔCFI = .0.002; ΔSRMR = 0.005; ΔRMSEA = 0.001) across gender. No item displayed DIF (DIF contrast = .0.48 to 0.24) in Rasch across gender.

    Conclusions: Given the Persian BSMAS was unidimensional, it is concluded that the instrument can be used to assess how an adolescent is addicted to social media on the Internet. Moreover, users of the instrument may comfortably compare the sum scores of the BSMAS across gender.

  • Bezci, Egemen
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Interregnum in Turkey-EU Relations2017Inngår i: Turkeyscope, nr 7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Disputas: 2018-02-02 09:00 Hörsal D, Umeå
    Liu-Helmersson, Jing
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Climate Change, Dengue and Aedes Mosquitoes: Past Trends and Future Scenarios2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Climate change, global travel and trade have facilitated the spread of Aedes mosquitoes and have consequently enabled the diseases they transmit (dengue fever, Chikungunya, Zika and yellow fever) to emerge and re-emerge in uninfected areas. Large dengue outbreaks occurred in Athens in 1927 and in Portuguese island, Madeira in 2012, but there are almost no recent reports of Aedes aegypti, the principal vector, in Europe. A dengue outbreak needs four conditions: sufficient susceptible humans, abundant Aedes vector, dengue virus introduction, and conducive climate. Can Aedes aegypti establish themselves again in Europe in the near future if they are introduced? How do the current and future climate affect dengue transmission globally, and regionally as in Europe? This thesis tries to answer these questions.

    Methods Two process-based mathematical models were developed in this thesis. Model 1 describes a vector’s ability to transmit dengue – vectorial capacity – based on temperature and diurnal temperature range (DTR). Model 2 describes vector population dynamics based on the lifecycle of Aedes aegypti. From this model, vector abundance was estimated using both climate as a single driver, and climate together with human population and GDP as multiple drivers; vector population growth rate was derived as a threshold condition to estimate the vector’s invasion to a new place.

    Results Using vectorial capacity, we estimate dengue epidemic potential globally for Aedes aegypti and in Europe for Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. We show that mean temperature and DTR are both important in modelling dengue transmission, especially in a temperate climate zone like Europe. Currently, South Europe is over the threshold for dengue epidemics if sufficient dengue vectors are present. Aedes aegypti is on the borderline of invasion into the southern tip of Europe. However, by end of this century, the invasion of Aedes aegypti may reach as far north as the middle of Europe under the business-as-usual climate scenario. Or it may be restricted to the south Europe from the middle of the century if the low carbon emission – Paris Agreement – is implemented to limit global warming to below 2°C.

    Conclusion Climate change will increase the area and time window for Aedes aegypti’s invasion and consequently the dengue epidemic potential globally, and in Europe in particular. Successfully achieving the Paris Agreement would considerably change the future risk scenario of a highly competent vector – Aedes aegypti’s – invasion into Europe. Therefore, the risk of transmission of dengue and other infectious diseases to the mainland of Europe depends largely on human efforts to mitigate climate change.

  • Rodéhn, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Ulleråker – kulturarv, genus och funktionsnormer2017Inngår i: Nordisk Museologi, ISSN 1103-8152, nr 2, 142-147 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a presentation of the project Ulleråker – funktionsnedsättning och kulturarv funded by the National Heritage Board. The project seeks to investigate the transformation of Ulleråker, a former psychiatric hospital in the outskirts of Uppsala (Sweden). The project will study how cultural heritage is transformed, and formed, during urban development and rebuilding processes, with a particular focus on gender and functionality norms. The project examines different kinds of material in order to illuminate how cultural heritage is articulated and materialized in the area. The material is analyzed using a composite theory of critical heritage studies coupled with crip and gender studies. The purpose of the project is to contribute to develop methods and theories in how to deal with the cultural heritage of psychiatric hospitals during times of transformation.

  • Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle – Tema Q. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    From biopiracy to bioprospecting: Negotiating the Limits of Propertization2017Inngår i: Property, Place and Piracy / [ed] James Arvanitakis and Martin Fredriksson, Routledge, 2017, 174-186 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s the patenting a n d commodification of biological resources and traditional knowledge has become a contested phenomenon. This practice comes in many guises: it can be conducted by universities working in collaboration with local communities, by small commercial research companies or by multinational pharmaceutical corporations. Some call it biopiracy while others prefer the term bioprospecting or biodiscovery. The choice of words is significant as it reflects not only different ways to conduct and distribute the revenues from patenting of biological resources, but also different ways to look at the legitimacy of biopatents as such. This chapter takes the Nagoya Protocol – a UN protocol aiming to prevent biopiracy – as an example to discuss how the negotiations over bio patents also reflect different approaches to commodification of nature and the limits of propertization.

  • Borgström, Eric
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Westman, Maria
    Uppsala universitet Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Skrivbegreppet i Lgr11: En studie av grundskolans ämnesplan i svenska2017Inngår i: Språk och Norm. Language and Norms: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium, Uppsala universitet 21-22 april 2016. Papers from the ASLA Symposium at Uppsala University 21-22 April, 2016 / [ed] Saga Bendegard, Ulla Melander Arttala, Maria Westman, Uppsala, Sweden: ASLA: Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2017, Vol. 26, 26-36 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Inventering av Sveriges våtmarker: Metodik1983Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten är en av fyra delrapporter och redovisar metodik för systematisk inventering av våtmarker.  I metoden ingår som huvudmoment flybildstolkning och fältinventering med utnyttjandes av automatisk databehandlning. Metoden har tillämpats i ett 937 500 ha stort inventeringsområde i sydvästra Sverige. Resultatet av denna inventering redovisas i SNV PM

  • Sievert, Thomas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för matematik och naturvetenskap.
    Determining the refractivity at the bottom of the atmosphere using radio occultation2017Inngår i: 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), IEEE, 2017, 4433-4436 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High accuracy of impact height is important to get reliableRadio Occultation (RO) measurements of the atmosphere refractivity.We have made an investigation on how accuratelywe can measure the impact height at ground level using waveoptics simulations, realistic refractivity profiles, a realisticsimulator for an advanced RO instrument including noise,and using phase matching for the inversion. The idea of theinvestigation is to increase the measurement accuracy of impactheight at low altitudes and to give reliable measurementseven in cases of super-refractive layers. We present statisticson the accuracy and precision of the determination of theimpact height at ground, as well as the resulting accuracy andprecision in the measured refractivity.

  • Nilsson, Christer
    Kriterier för biologisk värdering av natur från skyddssynpunkt1984Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar naturvärdesbedömningens roll i naturvården och ger en översikt över kriterier som använts för värdering av natur. Kriterierna diversitet, yta, raritet, naturlighet och representativitet diskuteras utförligt, både med avseende på definitioner, mätmetoder och värderingar.


    I en arbetsmodell föreslås naturvårdsvärdet kombineras av (1) en ekologisk värdering, (2) en värdering av representationen, dvs huruvida de karaktärer som ett område företräder finns representerade i regionens reservat, (3) en värdering av skyddets effektivitet, (4) en 'politisk' värdering av ekosystemkaraktärerna. Rapporten avslutas med en diskussion av möjligheterna att sammanväga olika värden.

  • Hart, Michael W.
    et al.
    Simon Fraser University, Canada.
    Stover, Daryn A.
    Arizona State University Colleges at Lake Havasu City, USA.
    Guerra, Vanessa
    Simon Fraser University, Canada.
    Mozaffari, Sahar V.
    University of Chicago, USA.
    Ober, Carole
    University of Chicago, USA.
    Mugal, Carina F.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Evolutionsbiologi.
    Kaj, Ingemar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Analys och sannolikhetsteori.
    Positive selection on human gamete-recognition genes2018Inngår i: PeerJ, ISSN 2167-8359, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 6, e4259Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Coevolution of genes that encode interacting proteins expressed on the surfaces of sperm and eggs can lead to variation in reproductive compatibility between mates and reproductive isolation between members of different species. Previous studies in mice and other mammals have focused in particular on evidence for positive or diversifying selection that shapes the evolution of genes that encode sperm-binding proteins expressed in the egg coat or zona pellucida (ZP). By fitting phylogenetic models of codon evolution to data from the 1000 Genomes Project, we identified candidate sites evolving under diversifying selection in the human genes ZP3 and ZP2. We also identified one candidate site under positive selection in C4BPA, which encodes a repetitive protein similar to the mouse protein ZP3R that is expressed in the sperm head and binds to the ZP at fertilization. Results from several additional analyses that applied population genetic models to the same data were consistent with the hypothesis of selection on those candidate sites leading to coevolution of sperm- and egg-expressed genes. By contrast, we found no candidate sites under selection in a fourth gene (ZP1) that encodes an egg coat structural protein not directly involved in sperm binding. Finally, we found that two of the candidate sites (in C4BPA and ZP2) were correlated with variation in family size and birth rate among Hutterite couples, and those two candidate sites were also in linkage disequilibrium in the same Hutterite study population. All of these lines of evidence are consistent with predictions from a previously proposed hypothesis of balancing selection on epistatic interactions between C4BPA and ZP3 at fertilization that lead to the evolution of co-adapted allele pairs. Such patterns also suggest specific molecular traits that may be associated with both natural reproductive variation and clinical infertility.

  • Håkanson, Lars
    HJÄLMAREN: en naturgeografisk beskrivning1978Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport grundar sig på arbeten utförda med ekonomiskt stöd från forskningsnämnden vid statens naturvårdsverk.

  • Chris, Mays
    et al.
    Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Enheten för paleobiologi. Monash University.
    Bevitt, Joseph
    Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Research Office, Lucas Heights, Australia.
    Stilwell, Jeffrey
    School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
    Pushing the limits of neutron tomography in palaeontology: Three-dimensional modelling of in situ resin within fossil plants2017Inngår i: Palaeontologia Electronica, ISSN 1935-3952, E-ISSN 1094-8074, Vol. 20, nr 3, 1-12 s., 20.3.57AArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Computed tomography is an increasingly popular technique for the non-destructivestudy of fossils. Whilst the science of X-ray computed tomography (CT) has greatlymatured since its first fossil applications in the early 1980s, the applications and limitationsof neutron tomography (NT) remain relatively unexplored in palaeontology. Thesehighest resolution neutron tomographic scans in palaeontology to date were conductedon a specimen of Austrosequoia novae-zeelandiae (Ettingshausen) Mays and Cantrillrecovered from mid-Cretaceous (Cenomanian; ~100–94 Ma) strata of the ChathamIslands, eastern Zealandia. Previously, the species has been identified with in situ fossilresin (amber); the new neutron tomographic analyses demonstrated an anomalouslyhigh neutron attenuation signal for fossil resin. The resulting data provided astrong contrast between, and distinct three-dimensional representations of the: 1) fossilresin; 2) coalified plant matter; and 3) sedimentary matrix. These data facilitated ananatomical model of endogenous resin bodies within the cone axis and bract-scalecomplexes. The types and distributions of resin bodies support a close alliance withSequoia Endlicher (Cupressaceae), a group of conifers whose extant members areonly found in the Northern Hemisphere. This study demonstrates the feasibility of NTas a means to differentiate chemically distinct organic compounds within fossils.Herein, we make specific recommendations regarding: 1) the suitability of fossil preservationstyles for NT; 2) the conservation of organic specimens with hydrogenous consolidantsand adhesives; and 3) the application of emerging methods (e.g., neutronphase contrast) for further improvements when imaging fine-detailed anatomical structures.These findings demonstrate that we are still far from reaching the conceptuallimits of NT as a means of virtually extracting fossils, or imaging their internal anatomyeven when embedded within a rock matrix.

  • Yrgård, Anders
    Geomorf ologisk kartläggning för naturvärdesbedömning och planering: En flygbildsmetodisk studie i syd- och mellansvensk terräng1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 1970-talet har inte minst från SNV:s forskningsnämnds sida betydande satsningar gjorts för att finna metoder att förbättra underlaget för den fysiska planeringen genom heltäckande naturresursinventeringar och naturvärdesbedömningar. Den Naturgeografiska institutionen vid Stockholms universitet har främst medverkat genom att utveckla inventeringsmetodik baserad på flygbildsteknik för geomorfologiska kartläggning och översiktlig vegetationskartering.

    Professor Gunnar Hoppe initierade 1969 metodstudier avseende geomorfologisk kartering av fjällkedjan i skala 1:250 000. Det första resultatet, angivet som provisoriskt, förelåg två år senare i form av en geomorfologisk karta över nordvästra Dalarna framtagen av Dieter Soyez. Metodstudierna följdes efter fortsatt utvecklingsarbete av en tillämpad kartläggning av hela den svenska fjällkedjan under Gunnar Hoppes ledning och på uppdrag av Naturvårdsverket. Projektet, som nu står inför sin fullbordan, omfattar kartblad med beskrivningar och naturvärdesbedömningar.

  • Mays, Chris
    et al.
    Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Enheten för paleobiologi. Monash University.
    Cantrill, David
    Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria, Private Bag 2000, South Yarra, VIC 3141, Australia.
    Bevitt, Joseph J.
    Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, NSW 2234, Australia.
    Polar wildfires and conifer serotiny during the Cretaceous globalhothouse2017Inngår i: Geology, ISSN 0091-7613, E-ISSN 1943-2682, Vol. 45, nr 12, 1119-1122 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several highly effective fire-adaptive traits first evolved among modern plants duringthe mid-Cretaceous, in response to the widespread wildfires promoted by anomalously highatmospheric oxygen (O2) and extreme temperatures. Serotiny, or long-term canopy seedstorage, is a fire-adaptive strategy common among plants living in fire-prone areas today,but evidence of this strategy has been lacking from the fossil record. Deposits of abundantfossil charcoal from sedimentary successions of the Chatham Islands, New Zealand, recordwildfires in the south polar regions (75°–80°S) during the mid-Cretaceous (ca. 99–90 Ma).Newly discovered fossil conifer reproductive structures were consistently associated withthese charcoal-rich deposits. The morphology and internal anatomy as revealed by neutrontomography exhibit a range of serotiny-associated characters. Numerous related fossils fromsimilar, contemporaneous deposits of the Northern Hemisphere suggest that serotiny was akey adaptive strategy during the high-fire world of the Cretaceous.

  • Rafstedt, Thomas
    et al.
    Andersson, Lars
    Flgbildstolkning av myrvegetation: En metodstudie för översiktlig kartering1981Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Ihse, Margareta
    Flygbildstolkningar av vegetation i syd- och mellansvensk terräng: - en metodstudie för översiktlig kartering1978Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten grundar sig på arbetem utförda med ekonomisk stöd från forskningsnämnden vid staten naturvårdsverk.