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  • Carlén, Urban
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Utblidning & Lärande 2014:1: Tema: Livslångt och livsvitt lärande2014Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Hanrahan, John
    et al.
    Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London SE1 9RT, England.
    Sideris, Michail
    Queen Mary Univ London, Womens Hlth Res Unit, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS, England.
    Tsitsopoulos, Parmenion P.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Neurokirurgi.
    Bimpis, Alexios
    Gen Hosp Tripoli, Dept Neurosurg, Erythrou Stavrou Odos, Tripoli 22100, Greece.
    Pasha, Terouz
    Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London SE1 9RT, England.
    Whitfield, Peter C.
    Plymouth Hosp NHS Trust, Southwest Neurosurg Ctr, Plymouth PL6 8DH, Devon, England.
    Papalois, Apostolos E.
    Expt Res Ctr ELPEN SA, 95 Marathonos Av, Pikermi 19009, Greece;Expt Res Ctr ELPEN, Athens, Greece.
    Increasing motivation and engagement in neurosurgery for medical students through practical simulation-based learning2018Inngår i: ANNALS OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY, ISSN 2049-0801, Vol. 34, s. 75-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Simulation-based learning (SBL) is an essential adjunct to modern surgical education. Our study aimed to evaluate the educational benefit and motivational impact of a pilot practical neurosurgical module.

    Materials and methods: 38 clinical medical students from several EU Medical Schools attended an international surgical course focused on teaching and learning basic surgical skills. We designed a pilot neurosurgical workshop instructing students to insert an intracranial pressure bolt using an ex vivo pig model. Each delegate was assessed by two consultant neurosurgeons using a validated assessment tool. Structured questionnaires were distributed on completion of the module.

    Results: Delegate performance increased (p<0.001) with no difference in performance improvement across year of study (p=0.676) or medical school (p=0.647). All delegates perceived this workshop as a potential addition to their education (median 5/5, IQR=0), and indicated that the course provided motivational value towards a neurosurgical career (median 4/5, IQR=1), with no difference seen between year of study or medical school (p>0.05).

    Conclusion: Our pilot neurosurgical workshop demonstrated the educational value of practical SBL learning for motivating students towards a surgical career. Homogeneous views across year of study and medical school underline the value of developing a unified strategy to develop and standardise undergraduate surgical teaching with a practical focus.

  • Cipullo, Davide
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen, UCFS.
    Runoff vs. Plurality: Does It Matter for Expenditures? Evidence from Italy2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares the runoff system and the plurality rule in terms of the size and composition of public expenditures. I use the change in the voting rule in Italian municipalities at 15,000 residents to implement a regression discontinuity design. The results show that municipalities under the runoff system spend at least 20 percent more than those under the plurality rule, and that this effect is primarily driven by a large increase in administrative spending. Additionally, the greater number of candidates and the larger coalitions indicate lower accountability under the runoff system than under the plurality rule.

  • Magnusson, Jessica
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekstrom, Sandra
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kull, Inger
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;South Gen Hosp, Sachs Childrens Hosp, Dept Pediat, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Educ & Clin Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Niclas
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wickman, Magnus
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;South Gen Hosp, Sachs Childrens Hosp, Dept Pediat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Melen, Erik
    Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;South Gen Hosp, Sachs Childrens Hosp, Dept Pediat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Bergström, Anna
    Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma at 8 years and subsequent allergic disease2018Inngår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0091-6749, E-ISSN 1097-6825, Vol. 142, nr 2, s. 510-516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are hypothesized to modulate the risk of allergic disease. However, evidence from previous studies is inconclusive, and limited longitudinal data exist using circulating biomarkers of PUFA intake and metabolism. Objective: We aimed to investigate associations between n-3 and n-6 PUFAs at age 8 years and asthma, rhinitis, and aeroallergen sensitization at age 16 years. Methods: Proportions of n-3 PUFAs (very long-chain n-3 [VLC n-3; sum of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid] anda-linolenic acid) and n-6PUFAs (linoleic acid and arachidonic acid [AA]) in blood samples at age 8 years weremeasured for 940 children fromthe prospective Swedish birth cohort BAMSE (Children, Allergy, Milieu, Stockholm, Epidemiology). Allergic disease phenotypes were defined by using questionnaires and IgE measures at the ages of 8 and 16 years. Logistic regression was used to examine potential associations. Results: A higher proportion of total VLC n-3 PUFAs in plasma at age 8 years was associated with a reduced risk of prevalent asthma, rhinitis, and aeroallergen sensitization at age 16 years and with incidence of asthma between 8 and 16 years (adjusted odds ratio, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.47-0.94). AA was associated with a reduced risk of asthma, aeroallergen sensitization, and allergic rhinitis. The findings were most evident for allergic phenotypes of asthma and rhinitis. Additionally, AA was associated with an increased probability of asthma and rhinitis remission between 8 and 16 years of age. Conclusion: Higher proportions of certain VLC n-3 and very long-chain n-6 PUFAs in plasma phospholipids at age 8 years were associated with a reduced risk of allergic disease at age 16 years.

  • Andersén, Annelie
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Den nya yrkeslärarutbildningen - utkomster i form av yrkeskompetens2013Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 88-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes and discusses a group of newly trained vocational teachers’ experiences of outcomes of their teacher education in terms of professional skills. Seven students participated in focus group discussions concerning one of the professional teacher training national objectives. The results show that the newly trained vocational teachers acquired a new vision of the teaching profession and that they have strengthened both their professional identity and their self-confidence. They have new, broader and more improved tools to use in teaching, and they see the importance of having a vocational teacher education. Skills that are considered important in the new vocational teachers’ profession are for example to able to see the individual students and reach out to them with his message, and to make just assessments and set fair grades.

  • Gustavsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Blivande yrkeslärares beskrivningar av yrkesämnets didaktik2013Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 66-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The vocational education in upper secondary school contains general and vocational subjects. Its aim is to give the students relevant vocational competence and employability. This study investigates the nature of didactical choices in vocational subjects as described by student teachers (future vocational teachers). Social cultural approach and pedagogic content knowledge (PCK) are used as theoretical perspective and analysing model, respectively. The analysis shows that the choice of content in vocational subjects is the specialised vocational content as it relates to the general content. Teaching also focuses on silent knowledge as a useful competence. In the pedagogical practice the student and the students' needs are central for teachers' choices of methods and also the approach. The vocational teacher emphasises that the students develop relevant and useful vocational competence. Employability is related to the student´s possibility to succeed in the coming profession.

  • Boström, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Hur lär sig elever på sex olika yrkesprogram? En studie om skillnader och likheter i lärstilar2013Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 48-65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocational programs are facing educational challenges. Many students leave secondary school in Sweden without completed grades, and this is problematic in many ways, e.g. in terms of equivalence and skill segregation. This study tries to see learning through students’ eyes and examined learning styles in six different vocational programs. The research questions have addressed which general learning styles traits dominates and which differentiates. The study involved 244 students. The Productivity Environmental Preference Survey (PEPS) learning styles assessment was used to identify 17 different traits. Sex groups were compared with descriptive statistics and analysed by using F-test and analysis of variance, ANOVA. The tendencies were low motivation and conformity, a high need for structure and routine, multimodal dominance, and a need for intake and movements. The most productive time of day was in the afternoon. The statistical analysis revealed that six of 17 elements differed; light, temperature, conformity, persistence, intake, time-of –day (early morning and morning). This study shows similarities and differences concerning learning styles preferences in vocational program, which can be a basis for further insights in didactics issues. This study highlights the importance of finding pedagogical model that is suitable for vocational education, expanded educational strategies and in-depth didactic discussions. The results are valuable for people involved in the planning of vocational education and for the students themselves

  • Graeske, Caroline
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Vidgade kunskapsklyftor? Fiktionernas funktioner i läromedel efter gymnasiereformen 20112013Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 32-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article teaching aids for vocational and college preparatory programs produced after the (2011) Swedish school reform are studied. The purpose is to examine how fictions are used in six different new textbooks, how students are expected to work with fictions and how knowledge about fictions is designed and organised. The analyses use Basil Bernstein’s theories relating to horizontal and vertical forms of knowledge. The study shows that fictions such as literature, drama, film and other media, in the selected textbooks, are few and receive little space, where summaries and short extracts are common. The study also shows that students attending vocational programs have access to a different knowledge of fictions than those attending pre-university programs, despite knowledge objectives being the same in Svenska 1. In textbooks for vocational programs, common sense knowledge is focused, where the students are expected to compare the fictions with their own life and situation. Knowledge about style, form and historical context are marginalised in these textbooks. Knowledge about fictions in teaching aids for college preparatory programs, on the other hand, is organised in a vertical discourse, where style, form and historical context are in focus and the students are expected to work with fictions in a critical and analytical way. This is remarkable, since the learning objectives are the same. This means that central values of equal education are eliminated after the reform, and the knowledge gap between different groups of students likely is to increase.

  • Helms Jørgensen, Christian
    et al.
    Roskilde universitet.
    Nielsen, Klaus
    Aarhus universitet.
    Frafald fra erhvervsuddannelserne - mod en mere nuanceret forståelse2013Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 14-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The high dropout rate of students in vocational education and training (VET) has been considered a serious problem in policy of education in the last decade in Denmark as well as in the other Nordic countries. In the Danish VET system only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme, complete the programme. The dropout rate has stayed on a high level despite a large number of initiatives to increase retention. This article argues, that the problem lies not only with the measures to reduce dropout, but also in the conceptualisation of the dropout phenomenon. We examine the concept of dropout and argue that the concept covers a range of different strategies among students in vocational education. Empirically the article is based on a large interview study among vocational students in Denmark. In addition the article is based on international research that uses a process related concept of dropout, which we connect to research in young peoples' school to work transitions. In this conceptualisation dropout is seen as the result of the interplay over time between the transition system, young people’s conditions of life and young people’s own strategies and choices.

  • Olson, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Utbildning & Lärande 2013:1: Tema: Perspektiv på gymnasial yrkesutbildning2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • van Kleef, Bram
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi.
    Hejhal, Krystof
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi.
    Qualitative study III:: What makes foreign students happy?2018Inngår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 1, s. 64-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Musonda, Lilian
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi.
    Kobaslic, Bojan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi.
    Qualitative study II: What makes foreign students happy?2018Inngår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 1, s. 41-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Maine, Joshua
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi.
    Svensson, Oskar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi.
    Qualitative study 1: what makes foreign students happy?2018Inngår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 1, s. 21-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Umans, Timurs
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Lidén, Alina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP).
    Collaborative learning and foreign students happiness: implementation and reflections2018Inngår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 1, s. 6-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Grossi, Giuseppe
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Mauro, Sara Giovanna
    Italy.
    Vakkuri, Jarmo
    Finland.
    Converging and diverging pressures in PBB development: the experiences of Finland and Sweden2018Inngår i: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045, Vol. 20, nr 12, s. 1836-1857Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to provide institutional explanations for the development of performance-based budgeting (PBB). Particularly, we explore the tensions between converging and diverging pressures. By analysing PBB in two countries with significant experience with it, Finland and Sweden, the research explains why we observe only evolutionary changes in actual budgetary practices. Indeed, the introduction of this practice is part of a global reform process undertaken over decades by public sector organizations. Nevertheless, the countries still struggle with PBB and, despite global converging pressures, diverging pressures shape its development, challenging its implementation and use, and paving the way for evolutionary changes.

  • Nyström Höög, Catharina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Svenska språket. Uppsala universitet.
    Björkvall, Anders
    Örebro universitet.
    Keeping the discussion among civil servants alive: 'Platform of values' as an emerging genre within the public sector in Sweden2018Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 17-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A defining feature of contemporary public authorities in Sweden is the production of texts labelled platform of values or core values. Previous research points to three main factors contributing to this development: an increased interest in ethics in the public sector, new forms of management and control, and the importance of the external promotion of public authorities. This paper focuses on the perspective of civil servants when addressing the research question: What are the most important functions of ‘platform of values’ texts? The paper draws on two types of data – a focus group of senior HR officers and a quantitative survey for civil servants. Critical Genre Analysis is presented as a methodological framework for understanding ‘value texts’ as social actions. The results show that ‘platform of values’ practices are connected to the creation of the “ethically aware” civil servant; that neither their connection to control over civil servants nor to the external promotion of the authority are directly recognised, whereas their connection to goal achievement is; and that the role of the ‘value texts’ as such has been somewhat overrated in previous research – it is the dialogue about the values that matters

  • Adu, George
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    Dramani, John Bosco
    Department of Economics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    Africa’s mineral economies: breaking their dependence on mining2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The dependence of many African economies on a few mineral commodities exposes them to a number of risks, including economic instability, conflict and damaging environmental effects. Structural, institutional and regulatory reforms are needed to break the mineral dependence and promote economic diversification.

  • Larsson, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen. Samelands fria universitet.
    Birka och båtsymbolen.2012Inngår i: Birka nu.: Pågående forskning om världsarvet Birka och Hovgården. / [ed] Charlotte Hedenstierna Jonsson, Stockholm: Historiska museets förlag , 2012, s. 151-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Beckman, Svante
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle – Tema Q. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Svenska kyrkan - ett nationellt kulturminne2017Inngår i: Alla dessa kyrkor: kulturvård, religion och politik / [ed] Magdalena Hillström, Eva Löfgren, Ola Wetterberg, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet , 2017, s. 103-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen analyserar innebörden av det nya statskyrkosystem som, vid relationsförändringen kyrka-stat år 2000, ersatte de gamla statskyrkosystemet. I flera avseenden består den gamla ordningen i strid med den deklarerade principen om statens neutralitet i samfundsfrågor. Den viktigaste skillnaden är en religiöst inramad statskyrkoordning har ersatss av en antikvariskt inramad statskyrkoordning,

  • Fjelkner, Annika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP).
    Högskolepedagogisk debatt: samarbetsinlärning och What makes foreign students happy?2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Brussee, Janneke M.
    et al.
    Leiden Univ, LACDR, Div Syst Biomed & Pharmacol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Yu, Huixin
    Novartis, Basel, Switzerland;Leiden Univ, LACDR, Div Syst Biomed & Pharmacol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Krekels, Elke H. J.
    Leiden Univ, LACDR, Div Syst Biomed & Pharmacol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Palic, Semra
    Netherlands Canc Inst NKI, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Leiden Univ, LACDR, Div Syst Biomed & Pharmacol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Brill, Margreke J.E.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Barrett, Jeffrey S.
    Sanofi, Translat Informat, Bridgewater, NJ USA;Childrens Hosp Philadelphia, Dept Pediat, Div Clin Pharmacol & Therapeut, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    Rostami-Hodjegan, Amin
    Univ Manchester, Ctr Appl Pharmacokinet Res, Manchester, Lancs, England;Simcyp Ltd, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.
    de Wildt, Saskia N.
    Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hosp, Dept Pediat Surg, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Med Ctr, Nijmegen, Netherlands;Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hosp, Intens Care, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Knibbe, Catherijne A. J.
    St Antonius Hosp, Dept Clin Pharm, Nieuwegein, Netherlands;Leiden Univ, LACDR, Div Syst Biomed & Pharmacol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Characterization of Intestinal and Hepatic CYP3A-Mediated Metabolism of Midazolam in Children Using a Physiological Population Pharmacokinetic Modelling Approach2018Inngår i: Pharmaceutical research, ISSN 0724-8741, E-ISSN 1573-904X, Vol. 35, nr 9, artikkel-id 182Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Changes in drug absorption and first-pass metabolism have been reported throughout the pediatric age range. Our aim is to characterize both intestinal and hepatic CYP3A-mediated metabolism of midazolam in children in order to predict first-pass and systemic metabolism of CYP3A substrates. Methods Pharmacokinetic (PK) data of midazolam and 1-OH-midazolam from 264 post-operative children 1-18 years of age after oral administration were analyzed using a physiological population PK. modelling approach. In the model, consisting of physiological compartments representing the gastro-intestinal tract and liver,intrinsic intestinal and hepatic clearances were estimated to derive values for bioavailability and plasma clearance. Results The whole-organ intrinsic clearance in the gut wall and liver were found to increase with body weight, with a 105 (95% confidence interval (CI): 5-405) times lower intrinsic gut wall clearance than the intrinsic hepatic dearance (i.e. 5.08 L/h (relative standard error (RSE) 10%) versus 527 L/h (RSE 7%) for a 16 kg individual, respectively). When expressed per gram of organ, intrinsic clearance increases with increasing body weight in the gut wall, but decreases in the liver, indicating that CYP3A-mediated intrinsic clearance and local bioavailability in the gut wall and liver do not change with age in parallel. The resulting total bioavailability was found to be age-independent with a median of 20.8% in children (95%CI: 3.8-50.0%). Conclusion In conclusion, the intrinsic CYP3A-mediated gut wall clearance is substantially lower than the intrinsic hepatic CYP3A-mediated clearance in children from 1 to 18 years of age, and contributes less to the overall first-pass metabolism compared to adults.

  • Petkova, Irina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Royal Holloway Univ London, England.
    Abbey-Lee, Robin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lovlie, Hanne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Parasite infection and host personality: Glugea-infected three-spined sticklebacks are more social2018Inngår i: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, ISSN 0340-5443, E-ISSN 1432-0762, Vol. 72, nr 11, artikkel-id UNSP 173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The existence of animal personality is now well-documented, although the causes and consequences of this phenomenon are still largely unclear. Parasite infection can have pervasive effects on hosts, including altering host behaviour, and may thus contribute to differences in host personality. We investigated the relationship between the three-spined stickleback and its common parasite Glugea anomala, with focus on differences in host personality. Naturally infected and uninfected individuals were assayed for the five personality traits activity, exploration, boldness, sociability, and aggression. If infected fish behaved differently from uninfected, to benefit this parasite with horizontal transmission, we predicted behaviour increasing interactions with other sticklebacks to increase. Infection status explained differences in host personality. Specifically, Glugea-infected individuals were more social than uninfected fish. This confirms a link between parasite infection and host behaviour, and a relationship which may improve the horizontal transmission of Glugea. However, future studies need to establish the consequences of this for the parasite, and the causality of the parasite-host personality relationship. Significance statement Parasite infection that alters host behaviour could be a possible avenue of research into the causes of animal personality. We studied the link between infection and personality using the three-spined stickleback and its parasite Glugea anomala. We predicted that infected individuals would be more prone to interact with other sticklebacks, since this would improve transmission of this parasite. The personality of uninfected and naturally infected fish was measured and we observed that Glugea-infected sticklebacks were more social. Our results confirm a link between parasitism and variation in host personality.

  • Lundström, Mats
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Jakobsson, Anders
    Malmö högskola.
    Scientific trustworthiness - the considerations and perceptions of students2012Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 98-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här artikeln beskrivs och diskuteras en empirisk studie där gymnasieelever diskuterar olika förklaringsmodeller kring ämnesområdet kropp och hälsa. Syftet har varit att utvärdera och analysera elevernas användning av begreppen tillförlitlighet och trovärdighet i förhållande till såväl vetenskapliga som icke-vetenskapliga förklaringsmodeller. Vi har analyserat elevernas användning av olika epistemologiska resurser i argumentativa situationer. Analysen ledde fram till att eleverna använde fyra olika typer av epistemologiska resurser; relativistiska, normativa, auktoritativa och vetenskapliga. Resultaten visar att samma elev kan använda olika epistemologiska resurser vid olika tillfällen. Vi anser att vårt teoretiska ramverk som utgår från epistemologiska resurser kan bidra till att förstå hur individer använder olika förklaringsmodeller i olika sammanhang.

  • Skeie, Geir
    Stockholms universitet.
    Education between formation and knowledge - a discussion based on recent English and Nordic research in religious education2012Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 80-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [no]

    Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i spenningen mellom kunnskap (knowledge) og danning (formation) og utvikler dette som religionsdidaktisk problematikk ved hjelp av impulser fra engelsk religionsdidaktikk som tale rom å lære om og å lære av religion i skolen. Michael Grimmitt, Andrew Wright og Robert Jackson diskuteres i forhold til hverandre og det påpekeshvordan de alle fører den religionsdidaktiske diskusjon i nær kontakt med bredere tankestrømmer i pedagogisk og filosofisk tenkning. Denne diskusjon føres videre inn i nordiskreligionsdidaktisk debatt via Bråtens komparative studie og ved hjelp av Berndt Gustavssons danningsteoretiske perspektiver. Her vektlegges samspillet mellom ulike dimensjoner i danningen og det demonstreres hvordan dette kan bidra til å fange inn nyere forskningsbidrag i religionsdidaktikken. Konklusjonen er at fagdidaktisk debatt og forskning tjener på å blisett i lys av mer allmenpedagogiske perspektiver og at den kan bidra til utdyping av denallmenpedagogiske debatt om skolens innhold og mål.

  • Delacour, Laurence
    Malmö högskola.
    Interpreting the curriculum - mathematics and didactic contracts in Swedish preschools2012Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 64-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med artikeln är att belysa hur en vidgad matematikdidaktik kan ta form på några svenska förskolor. För att analysera hur några förskollärare omformar, preciserar och konkretiserar de matematiska målen i förskolans läroplan, med fokus på didaktiska frågor rörande innehåll - vad är matematik för yngre barn? och form - hur kan matematik kommuniceras, placerar jag min studie inom ramen för ett läroplansdidaktiskt perspektiv. Matematikdidaktiskt influeras jag av situationsteori och didaktiskt kontrakt är ett huvudbegrepp i analysen. Termen didaktiskt kontrakt ses som en metafor för uppsättningen av implicita och explicita regler för social och matematisk interaktion i en barngrupp. Jag använder en vidgad definition av det didaktiska kontraktet för att belysa hur förväntningar på relationen mellan lärare, barn och matematik framträder i talet om och transformeringen av de matematiska målen, med fokus på de didaktiska frågorna vad och hur. Sammantaget samspelar huvudbegreppen transformation och matematikdidaktiska kontrakt i texten. Analysen är då inriktad på hur samhälleliga förväntningar som uttrycks i nationella matematiska mål transformeras och framträder i form av didaktiska kontrakt i några förskolepraktiker.

  • Dimenäs, Jörgen
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Naturvetenskap.
    Gustafsson, Tommy
    Chalmers; Göteborgs universitet.
    Ognissanti, Damiano
    Chalmers; Göteborgs universitet.
    Förberedelse för högskolestudier i matematik - ett stöd för fortsatta studier2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Zea, Elias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet.
    Lopez Arteaga, Ines
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet. Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    On modified wavenumber filters for rail contribution estimations2018Inngår i: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 144, s. EL286-EL289Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief communication exposes an overview of various wavenumber filters to separate the rail contribution to pass-by noise via the wave signature extraction method [Zea, Manzari, Squicciarini, Feng, Thompson, and Lopez Arteaga, J. Sound Vib. 409, 24–42 (2017)]. It has been found that the originally proposed filters underesti- mate the rail noise at frequencies above 1.6 kHz due to the presence of higher-order wave families that is unaccounted for. The goal of this let- ter is thus to propose and examine different filter functions that can cap- ture such waves, and to assess whether the rail contribution estimations can be improved.

  • Järpvall, Charlie
    Lund University.
    Papperet, skrivbordet och byggnaden: om betydelsen av A4-formatet2017Inngår i: Årsbok 2017: Vetenskapssociteten i Lund / [ed] Henrik Rahm, Lund: Vetenskapssocieteten, Lunds universitet , 2017, Vol. 18, s. 65-74Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Disputas: 2018-11-09 13:00 Rudbecksalen, Uppsala
    Rosestedt, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Theranostics.
    Affibody Molecules for HER3-targeted Theranostics of Malignant Tumours2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The HER3 receptor plays a strong role in disease progression and resistance to therapies in several cancer types. Due to its endogenous expression and low overexpression in malignant tumours, it is a particularly challenging target. The primary aim of this thesis project was to develop, evaluate and characterize affibody molecules for theranostic applications in HER3-expressing malignant tumours.

    Paper I investigated the in vivo targeting properties and therapeutic efficacy of a bivalent affibody construct fused with an albumin binding domain, ZHER3-ABD-ZHER3. This construct could slow down the growth of HER3-expressing tumour xenografts without causing health problems or side effects in mice.

    Paper II compared the in vitro and in vivo properties of two HER3-targeting affibody molecules (Z08698 and Z08699) to select an imaging probe for HER3 diagnostics. While the two constructs had similar properties, Z08698 demonstrated better blood clearance and better radioactivity retention in tumours.

    Paper III and IV present the development of a HER3 imaging probe for PET using gallium and cobalt isotopes. We demonstrated that imaging of HER3 expression could be obtained as soon as 3 h pi using gallium-68. Additionally, we demonstrated that affibody molecules labelled with a neutral cobalt-NOTA complex had a lower radioactivity uptake in the liver than molecules radiolabelled with a positive gallium-NOTA complex. Imaging contrast increased over time. As the dose of the injected protein increased, the activity uptake in normal organs decreased, whereas the tumour uptake remained the same, which improved the imaging contrast and allowed discrimination between xenografts with high and low HER3 expression. This modification did not influence tumour activity uptake.

    Paper V presents the HER3-targeting affibody molecule trimer as a tool to block hepatic uptake in order to increase the imaging contrast in the liver. The trimer demonstrated its ability to bind to endogenous receptors in the liver, which decreased the hepatic uptake of the radiolabelled monomer. This phenomenon enabled the monomer to pass the liver barrier, which increased tumour radioactivity uptake and improved imaging contrast.

  • Forsberg Ahlcrona, Mirella
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    "Spindlarna i Falköping" - en studie om hur dockan som medierande redskap bidrar till utveckling av förskolans kommunikativa miljö2012Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 48-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illustrates different communicative contents based on children’s motivation and intention that through the puppet play speak and act linguistically. In the empirical section, the puppet consists and functions as a starting point for children’s interaction and narratives. The research interest is directed towards children’s ways of expressing the meaning of the puppet and motives that are generated in the interaction between the puppet and the children in their mutual play. The study result shows that children in interaction with the puppet broaden the linguistic environment in the preschool when they express their knowledge and experience belonging to other contexts than preschool.

  • Grip, Olivia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kärlkirurgi.
    Wanhainen, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kärlkirurgi.
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Lindhagen, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Björck, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kärlkirurgi.
    Open versus endovascular revascularization for the treatment of acute lower limb ischaemia: a nationwide cohort study2018Inngår i: British Journal of Surgery, ISSN 0007-1323, E-ISSN 1365-2168Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Consensus is lacking regarding intervention for patients with acute lower limb ischaemia (ALI). The aim was to study amputation-free survival in patients treated for ALI by either primary open or endovascular revascularization.

    Methods: The Swedish Vascular Registry (Swedvasc) was combined with the Population Registry and National Patient Registry to determine follow-up on mortality and amputation rates. Revascularization techniques were compared by propensity score matching 1:1.

    Results: Of 9736 patients who underwent open surgery and 6493 who had endovascular treatment between 1994 and 2014, 3365 remained in each group after propensity score matching. Results are from the matched cohort only. Mean age of the patients was 74⋅7 years; 47⋅5 per cent were women and mean follow-up was 4⋅3 years. At 30-day follow-up, the endovascular group had better patency (83⋅0 versus 78⋅6 per cent; P < 0⋅001). Amputation rates were similar at 30 days (7⋅0 per cent in the endovascular group versus 8⋅2 per cent in the open group; P = 0⋅113) and at 1 year (13⋅8 versus 14⋅8 per cent; P = 0⋅320). The mortality rate was lower after endovascular treatment, at 30 days (6⋅7 versus 11⋅1 per cent; P < 0⋅001) and after 1 year (20⋅2 versus 28⋅6 per cent; P < 0⋅001). Accordingly, endovascular treatment had better amputation-free survival at 30 days (87⋅5 versus 82⋅1 per cent; P < 0⋅001) and 1 year (69⋅9 versus 61⋅1 per cent; P < 0⋅001). The number needed to treat to prevent one death within the rst year was 12 with an endovascular compared with an open approach. Five years after surgery, endovascular treatment still had improved survival (HR 0⋅78, 99 per cent c.i. 0⋅70 to 0⋅86) but the difference between the treatment groups occurred mainly in the rst year.

    Conclusion: Primary endovascular treatment for ALI appeared to reduce mortality compared with open surgery, without any difference in the risk of amputation.

  • Zhou, Yitian
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Sect Pharmacogenet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mägi, Reedik
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.
    Milani, Lili
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär medicin. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.
    Lauschke, Volker M.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Sect Pharmacogenet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Global genetic diversity of human apolipoproteins and effects on cardiovascular disease risk2018Inngår i: Journal of Lipid Research, ISSN 0022-2275, E-ISSN 1539-7262, Vol. 59, nr 10, s. 1987-2000Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abnormal plasma apolipoprotein levels are consistently implicated in CVD risk. Although 30% to 60% of their interindividual variability is genetic, common genetic variants explain only 10% to 20% of these differences. Rare genetic variants may be major sources of the missing heritability, yet quantitative evaluations of their contribution to phenotypic variability are lacking. Here, we analyzed whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing data from 138,632 individuals across seven major human populations to present a systematic overview of genetic apolipoprotein variability. We provide population-specific frequencies of 38 clinically important apolipoprotein alleles and identify further 6,875 genetic variants, 33% of which are novel and 98.7% of which are rare with minor allele frequencies <1%. We predicted the functional impact of rare variants and found that their relative importance differed drastically between genes and among ethnicities. Importantly, we validated the clinical relevance of multiple variants with predicted effects by leveraging association data from the CARDIoGRAM (Coronary Artery Disease Genomewide Replication and Meta-analysis) and Global Lipids Genetics consortia. Overall, we provide a consolidated overview of population-specific apolipoprotein genetics as a valuable data resource for scientists and clinicians, estimate the importance of rare genetic variants for the missing heritability of apolipoprotein-associated disease traits, and pinpoint multiple novel apolipoprotein variants with putative population-specific impacts on serum lipid levels.

  • Davidsson, Eva
    Malmö högskola.
    Investigating visitors' learning related to science centre exhibits - a progress report of recent research literature and possible future research foci2012Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 28-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfältet som rör lärande i informella miljöer växter ständigt och under den senaste tiden har antalet artiklar som fokuserar lärande i relation till ett besök på ett science center eller museum ökat kraftigt. Men vilka slutsatser kan man dra när det gäller utställningar och besökares lärande? Vilka metodologiska trender kan man se och vilka framtida forskningsområden kan tänkas utgöra intressanta fält? Denna forskningsgenomgång analyserar och diskuterar olika forskningsstudier som fokuserar besökares lärande och deras interaktioner med utställningar samt studier som utvärderar utställningsmiljöer. Vidare diskuteras trender med avseende på olika metodologiska ansatser samt föreslår framtida forskningsfokus inom fältet.

  • Andersson, Erik
    Högskolan i Skövde; Örebro universitet.
    Rum och plats i didaktiken. Om var-frågan i svensk didaktisk forskning och undervisning - exemplet digitala medier2012Inngår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 16-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to argue for a systematic research approach on space and place, the WHERE-question in the Swedish research field of didactics. Two research traditions in subject and general didactics, focusing the WHAT- and the HOW-question, dominate the field. The educational situation of today is highly digitally driven which motivates the relevance of a more thorough and systematic analysis of the WHERE-question. It is argued that Swedish didactical research, and teaching in school in general, has to amplify the attention to the WHERE-question. Space and place are not empty containers in which social life happens to unfold. Space and place determines the communication, interaction and meaning making of individuals – individuals are always claimed by space and place.

  • Olson, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Utbildning & Lärande 2012:2: Tema: Ett vidgat perspektiv på ämnesdidaktik2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Hermelin, Brita
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Ostlänken och hållbar regional utveckling: förstudie med utgångspunkt i erfarenheter av höghastighetsjärnväg i EU2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport presenterar resultaten från en förstudie och har sin upprinnelse i planering och organisering inför utbyggnaden av Ostlänken, som är en höghastighetsjärnväg (HHJ) med sträckning från Järna strax söder om Stockholm till Linköping. Titeln för förstudien har varit ”Ostlänken och regional utveckling – en kunskapsöversikt”. De rådande tidsplanerna enligt Trafikverkets hemsida (vid tiden för denna rapports färdigskrivande) anger att Ostlänken beräknas vara färdig mellan 2033 och 2035. Detta är den första etappen i planer för ytterligare framtida investeringar för HHJ i Sverige som knyter ihop de tre största städerna; Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö.

    Rapporten redovisar en kunskapsöversikt vad gäller utbyggnad av HHJ med avseende på regionala e.ekter. Det bakomliggande motivet till att genomföra en sådan översikt är att den ska ligga till grund för att utforma framtida insatser för att den nya infrastrukturen ska stödja en hållbar regional utveckling. Ett särskilt intresse riktas mot hur strategisk planering och samverkansinsatser sker regionalt.

    Det studerade bakgrundsmaterialet berör Sverige och andra länder inom EU. För EU har utbyggnaden av HHJ genom programmet ”The Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) varit ett framskrivet projekt sedan en tid tillbaka. Sett till EU:s medlemsländer är utbyggnaden av HHJ ojämn. De största systemen finns i Spanien, Frankrike och Tyskland. De länder som tidigast byggde ut sina nät för höghastighetståg var Frankrike, Spanien, Tyskland, Italien, Belgien och Nederländerna (Trafikverket uå). Ingen av de nordiska länderna har ännu någon byggd HHJ. Det har dock skett viss annan utbyggnad av banor i Sverige sedan 1990-talet. Erfarenheter från utbyggnaden av Botniabanan visar att omfattade miljöe.ekter uppstår vid byggnation av nya tågbanor. Det påminner om att miljövinsterna som uppstår genom att det är mer hållbart med resande på tåg behöver balanseras med de miljökostnader som byggandet innebär.

    Med utgångspunkter i EU:s storskaliga och långsiktiga program för utbyggnad av HHJ och planeringen av den första etappen av HHJ i Sverige genom Ostlänken samt målsättningar om hållbar regional utveckling syftar denna rapport till att sammanställa en kunskapsöversikt som kan utgöra underlag för strategisk planering och samverkansinsatser som sker regionalt i anslutning till utbyggnad av HHJ.

    Denna kunskapsöversikt utvecklas i rapporten utifrån två övergripande teman:

    1. Policy och planering som sker i samband med investeringar och utbyggnad av HHJ.
    2. Erfarenheter som finns med avseende på e.ekter av HHJ på hållbar regional utveckling.

    De stora investeringarna som genomförts och planeras för att bygga HHJ reflekterar stora förhoppningar på att detta stödjer hållbar regional utveckling. En viktig lärdom från tidigare forskning är emellertid att regionala och lokala e.ekter av HHJ varierar och att detta behöver förstås i ett kontextuellt perspektiv. Generellt sett uppstår positiva e.ekter för de största städerna. Vad gäller e.ekter för andra nivåer i de nationella systemen av städer visar sammanställningen i den här rapporten på högst varierande utvecklingsvägar. Några underliggande faktorer som skapar ojämna e.ekter av HHJ har samband med strukturella villkor som tidigare framvuxen fysisk struktur, de regionala näringslivsstrukturerna samt den relativa geografiska positionen för olika städer. Forskningen visar även att strategisk planering och policy för HHJ-investeringarna har e.ekter på hur investeringar för HHJ påverkar hållbar regional utvecklingen (Henriksson och Summerton 2016).

    Rapportens slutsatser utgår från att strategisk planering för HHJ behöver ske i samverkan, att planering och byggnationer i relation till HHJ-utbyggnad sker utifrån förväntade e.ekter samt att tidsperspektivet behöver beaktas vad gäller hur infrastruktur för transporter kan nyttjas i ett längre framtidsperspektiv. I den avslutande resultatdiskussionen lyfts några fokusområden fram som angelägna med avseende på hur utbyggnad av HHJ kan nyttiggöras för hållbar regional utveckling.

    • Att utveckla och konsolidera regionala samverkansstrukturer som en resurs för ändamålsenlig regional planering och andra regionala insatser.
    • Att stödja kunskapsspridning och kännedom om förväntade skärpta krav på miljöhänsyn vid byggnation.
    • Att organisera för kompetensförsörjning för att förstärka möjligheter att sysselsättningstillväxten vid byggnationen kan påverka arbetsmarknaden strukturellt.
    • Att organisera för policyintegrering i samband med planeringen av bostadsbyggandet för att stödja en sammanhållen utveckling.
    • Att integrera organisering och planering för resor och kollektivtrafik i relation till HHJ för att uppnå hållbar regional utveckling sett till dess olika dimensioner.

    Avslutningsvis är det viktigt att påminna om att denna rapport är en förstudie och det har varit nödvändigt att avgränsa diskussionen inom det breda fält som utbyggnad av HHJ relaterar till. Temat är stort och genom att inkludera flera studier, fördjupningar och policydokument skulle diskussionen ytterligare kunnat fördjupas.

  • Dimenäs, Jörgen
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Björklund, Margareth
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Häggkvist, Kristin
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Larsson, Ingamay
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Malm, Annika
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Rundgren, Monica
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Welin Mod, Agneta
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Retorikens beprövande erfarenhet ur yrkesverksamma lärar- och sjuksköterskehandledares perspektiv2016Inngår i: Utbildning och lärande, ISSN 1653-0594, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 98-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the concept of proven experience, which is being increasingly used and emphasised in documents relating to the education of student teachers and nurses as well as in the training of these two professions. The study is aimed at academic vocational training (AVT) and is based upon interviews with the tutors of student teachers and nurses during their periods of AVT. The purpose of this study is to understand what constitutes the essence of proven experience, arising from the verbal statements given by AVT tutors in the field. The conclusion of this study is that the concept of proven experience should be considered at three levels: experience, tested experience and proven experience. Furthermore, those who use it without further consideration should understand the complexity of the concept. From a critical perspective it seems that government agencies use a concept that we assume is more characterised by ideological rhetoric than by conceptual preciseness.

  • Nordänger, Ulla Karin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Att skärpa den praktiska blicken - handledares erfarenheter av försök att stärka kvalitet i VFU2012Inngår i: Utbildning och lärande, ISSN 1653-0594, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 80-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes supervisors’ experiences of attempting to improve quality in student teaching by focusing attention on their own expertise. We discuss if and how practical knowledge can be formulated and present the three methods – Delphi method, stimulated recall and dialogue seminars – used in a design experiment to develop the supervisors’ capability to, individually as well as collectively, identify and articulate such knowledge. The central question is if the ability to direct attention to the practical and tacit parts of teachers’ expertise increases the quality of the supervision and the assessment of the teacher student skills or not. The results indicate that the supervisors experience that their practical sight has been sharpened and that their standards have been raised.

  • Nilsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Wictor, Ewa
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Att undersöka processhandledning av lärares handledning2012Inngår i: Utbildning och lärande, ISSN 1653-0594, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 68-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to study voluntary process supervising, with seven subject teachers during ten occasions at Higher Education. The study is inspired by models in Gjems (2007) and in Franke, Arvidsson and Gustafsson (2007), and the method of observation and analysis used is based on concepts from Wenger (2000) and Scollon and Scollon (2003). The results show that questions and discussions that are being actualized in the supervising practice vary between general and specific topics and between process and content. During the supervising activity the teachers mainly take their starting point in practice and less in science, but in the written examination the teachers link their experiences from practice to different theories and scientifically oriented concepts in the supervising activity.

  • Herrman, Margaretha
    Högskolan Väst.
    Utbildade för filmproduktion - hinder och möjligheter för etablering2012Inngår i: Utbildning och lärande, ISSN 1653-0594, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 30-49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Workers who desire employment inside film production come from a variety of experience levels. In Sweden, the opportunities to obtain work in the film production industry are limited and depend on situations and norms defined by the industry itself. The goal of this article is to identify challenges faced by a relatively unknown group of industry workers: those students representing industrial intellectuals who have received higher educational training in film production work, to identify the difficulties and opportunities they face in their transition from education to employment in the industry. This study is a qualitative one, based on interviews with four young adults who are recent graduates of an educational training program for film production work. The respondents were asked to identify levels of uncertainty and competitiveness prevailed and what opportunities and threats existing as important factors in terms of obtaining work. The findings demonstrate that students who are transitioning into careers are met by an environment with high demands for networking and expectation to adapt their performances and lifestyles to the demands of the job. An aptitude for work is often measured by how well workers adapt to the industry’s culture and values.

  • Emanuel, Martin ()
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Saabs omborddatorer och TT&C för rymdverksamhet: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid RUAG Space i Göteborg den 2 maj 20172018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar “Saabs omborddatorer och TT&C för rymdverksamhet” (Saab’s on board computers and TT&C for space activities) was held at RUAG Space in Gothenburg on May 2, 2017, and was led by Lennart Lübeck, assisted by Mar-tin Emanuel. The seminar focused on how Saab’s (or, more correctly, until 1983, Saab-Scania’s, and from then on Saab Space’s) Gothenburg office embarked on European space-related projects, in particular relating to communication sys-tems, Telemetry, Tracking and Command (TT&C), as well as onboard computers (OBC) for spacecraft. After having failed to win bids on ESRO satellites in the 1960s, Saab joined the MESH consortium in 1967. In the seminar, MESH’s success-ful bid for OTS (Orbital Test Satellite) stands out as an im-portant turning point for the company’s future contracts with ESRO and later ESA. With respect to Saab’s development of onboard computers, it initially relied substantially on collabo-ration with the American company TRW. Building on the learning process from the ESRO-funded development pro-gram for an Engineering Model, Saab, and later RUAG Space, would deliver onboard computers for several genera-tions of the Ariane launching rockets, SPOT-satellites, and many more. Beginning with the Hipparcos satellite, TT&C and the onboard computer were merged into a data handling system. In the process, what had previously been two sepa-rate groups of the company merged into one. With respect to Saab’s motives to engage in space technology in the first place, the main motive appears to have been to maintain and promote the company’s technical expertise, more so than any hopes to be able to set up large-scale manufacturing. The seminar also treated the relationship between Saab’s two branches engaged in space-related activities. Although their organizational belonging shifted over the years, Linköping remained the location of management and formal interna-tional contacts—and also nationally-oriented projects—while the Gothenburg office was home to the projects for the in-ternational market. The OBC group in Gothenburg tried to maintain as much independence as possible vis-à-vis Linkö-ping, although it relied on upper management for negotiating and winning international contracts. Also important to secure European contracts for Saab was the support, at critical mo-ments, of the Swedish delegation to ESRO and ESA, as well as excellent Swedish contacts with CNES.

  • Gärdebo, Johan ()
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Bildens behandling och utvecklingen av digital fjärranalys: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium på Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 14 juni 20172018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a transcript from the witness seminar “Bildens behan-dling och utvecklingen av digital fjärranalys” (Processing the im-age and the development of digital remote sensing), held at the Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology in Stock-holm, June 14, 2017, and was led by Håkan Olsson and Johan Gärdebo. The seminar participants, who were all pioneers from the early Swedish development of digital remote sensing, de-scribed their role in various initiatives and activities for devel-opment of remote sensing related image processing from the 1970s until the late 1990s. During this period, several university groups, government agencies and companies located all over Sweden took interest in remote sensing. The Swedish Defence Research Institute (FOA) developed the first digital image analy-sis system, Piccola, in the early 1970s. Piccola, hosted as a main frame computer at Stockholm’s computer centre QZ, became a central resource for the early development of digital remote sensing in Sweden. During this early period, Professor Gunnar Hoppe at Stockholm University took a leading role for technol-ogy- and method development by chairing the National Remote Sensing Committee, providing a forum for various initiatives to meet, grant funding, and build momentum for concerted efforts. In the end of the 1970s, the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) became the central force for development of the remote sensing infrastructure in Sweden. Piccola was replaced by a more mod-ern interactive image analysis system at SSC, the IAS system. This was part of SSC efforts to make satellite remote sensing operational. Additional parts in this effort included establish-ment of a satellite data receiving station at Esrange and later in the 1980s the establishment of the SSC’s subsidiary Satellitbild AB in Kiruna, which processed SPOT satellite data for the world market. SSC also developed the EBBA series of image analysis systems, attached to a PC, which were used by several Swedish research groups. From the late 1970s and onwards, there were a number of spin-off companies from FOA, most notably Con-text Vision and Teragon, that developed image processing hard-ware and software for uses also beyond that of geographical in-formation. These companies also sold systems to the Swedish Land Survey and SSC. Swedish organisations had a large pres-ence internationally, for example as part of development projects by consultancy firms, which also led to more operational uses of image processing. As computer capacity increased, in particular the introduction of colour graphics on standard computers, im-age processing development moved from special hardware to standard work stations and eventually personal computers and the applications that have become operational, for example in the forest sector, has been integrated with GIS applications in tailor made production-oriented systems.

  • Boschini, Anne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Dreber, Anna
    von Essen, Emma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Muren, Astri
    Ranehill, Eva
    Gender, risk preferences and willingness to compete in a random sample of the Swedish population2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Högskolan Väst.
    Att bygga gemensamma miljöer - delaktighet och lärande genom dialogplanering2012Inngår i: Utbildning och lärande, ISSN 1653-0594, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 12-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to investigate how dialogue planning can provide users and professionals with tools for learning and be a path to organizational development in the context of design and construction of a town square and a sports hall adjacent to a K-9 school. Design and construction was carried out in collaboration between a municipality, a building contractor, school staff and students. A model for dialogue planning using artistic practice and collaboration with an artist was applied to develop an authentic dialogue. An architect and an artist were project managers. Their role was to support students to formulate interests, needs and creative solutions. Awareness of the complexity of planning was developed. Students’ participation had major impact on the design of the town square. With support, students can give a qualified contribution, significant for design of physical environment. Students’ involvement contributes to the learning of professional partners. Learning takes place primarily at the horizontal level around the students. Learning can be seen vertically among representatives of the school and community. Among building producers horizontal learning can be seen with entrepreneurs directly facing students.

  • Emanuel, Martin ()
    IRF och den svenska rymdforskningen: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium på Institutet förrymdfysik i Kiruna den 16 november 20172018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    The  witness  seminar  “IRF  och  den  svenska  rymdforskning-en” (IRF and Swedish space research) was held at IRF (Insti-tutet  för  rymdfysik,  The  Swedish  Institute  of  Space  Physics)  in  Kiruna  on November 16, 2017,  and  was  led  by  Martin Emanuel  and  Johan  Kärnfelt.  The  seminar  covered  three  themes: key events in the history of the institute; the funding structures  of  Swedish  space-related  research;  and  issues  con-cerning  instrumentation  of  space  physics  experiments.  Vari-ous key events were proposed, ranging from contingencies in the establishment of the institute in 1957 to the institute’s en-gagement  in  ESRO’s  very  first  scientific  satellites,  the  Swe-dish-Soviet research collaborations initiated in the 1970s, and the  Swedish  scientific  satellite  Viking  launched  in  1986.  The  1960s  was  a  difficult  decade  for  Swedish  space-related  re-search,  with  most  national  funding  channelled  through  the  European   Space   Research   Organisation   (ESRO).   Since   ESRO  prioritized  satellite  programmes,  the  institute—as  the  only  Swedish  group  with  experience  of  satellites—fared  well  compared  to  other  research  groups.  The  institute  came  to  dominate  Swedish  space  physics.  In  the  period  1970–1994, the  first  director  of  the  institute  also  chaired  the  scientific committee  of  the  Swedish  research  councils  (Forskningsrådens rymdnämnd)  until  1972,  and  then  of  the  Swedish  National  Space Board (Statens delegation för rymdverksamhet). The issue of potential bias and conflict of interest was discussed. Whereas some  panellists  stressed  the  fair,  smooth  and  non-conflicting nature of the situation, others argued that certain groups felt discriminated.   The   participants   often   mentioned   the   im-portance of having in-house engineering skills at the institute: it  was  cheaper,  made  possible  the  long-term  build-up  of  competence, and allowed for the immediate collaboration be-tween the scientists and the engineers in the design of exper-iments. In contrast, many other groups relied on the technical expertise  of  the  Swedish  Space  Corporation  (SSC; Rymdbo-laget). The relationship between the institute and SSC appears to  have  been  one  of  both  cooperation  and  competition.  Breakthroughs  in  microelectronics  in  particular  had  a  large  impact  on  the  instrumentation  of  scientific  experiments.  In-deed, Soviet interest in Western microelectronics was pointed out by several participants as an important motivation for the Soviets to partake in space research collaboration with the in-stitute; for the institute, the collaboration meant opportunities to launch experiments with Soviet rockets.

  • Gärdebo, Johan ()
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Svenska bidrag till europeisk radarfjärranalys: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium på Kungliga Tekniska högskolan i Stockholm den 13 november 20172018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    The    witness    seminar    “Svenska bidrag    till    europeisk radarfjärranalys”  (Swedish contributions  to European radar remote   sensing)   was   held   at   KTH   Royal   Institute   of    Technology  on  November  13, 2017,  and  was  led  by  Eva Cronström and Johan Gärdebo. The seminar focused on the development  of   radar  remote  sensing  from  the  1960s  until  the  early  2000s. While  the  US  had  developed  radar  satellites  since the 1960s, the international demonstrations did not take place until the launch of  Seasat in 1978. In Sweden, the major industries  Saab  and  Ericsson had  conducted  seminar-series on    space    technology    since the    1960s.    The    Swedish    government  agencies  have  over  the  years  provided  limited  funding,  primarily  through  the  Swedish  Board  for  Space  Activities, that served to catalyse subsequent initiatives from a number of  groups within academia and the industries. Apart from environmental problems there were several projects th at initially  had  been  funded  by  national  defence  organisations. The  mid-1970s  was  a  period  when  many  of   the  major  organisations  on  radar data began  collaborating.  The  most  prominent  developers  of   radar  remote  sensing  were  the  Swedish  National  Defence  Research  Institute  (FOA),  the  Swedish Space Corporation, Saab and Ericsson. The Swedish Coast    Guardand the    Swedish    Meteorological    and    Hydrological  Institute  were  the  main  users  of   radar data. Experiments  with  airborne  systems  provided  the  embryo  to  subsequent radar data  from  satellites.  While  the  US  Seasat  demonstrated uses   of  radar data,   it   also   made   visiblelimitations  for  European  influence  over  American  systems. The  European  Space  Agency  (ESA)  embarked  in  late  1970son developing its own radar data through the satellites ERS-1, and  -2,  and  later  Envisat.  Since  uses  for  satellite  radar datawere defined  as  experimental,  it  could  be  described  as  “a solution in search of  a problem”. During the 1980s and 1990s, the   Chalmers   University   of    Technology,   along   with   the   above-mentioned groups,  were  central  to  experiments  and  applications   of    European   radar   data,   most   notably   for   monitoring  in  support  of   icebreaking  and  winter  monitoringin   the   Baltic   Sea. These   efforts   also   provided   various opportunities for  Swedish  industry,  gave  Swedish  research  groups a central position in European organisations for radar data,   and   developed   methods   for   ground-truthing   and   understanding  of   what  radar data  contained  and  could  be  used  for.  By  the  1990s,  the  infrastructure  for  receiving  radar data  expanded.  Experiences  from  the  ERS-satellite  had  been  integrated  as  part  of   the  new  Envisat-programme,  as  well  as  in the parallel development for the airborne CARABAS. The research groups began applying for more sources of  funding,which brought them closer to operational users, like the Coast Guard and the forest industry. This later led to new research questions,   for   example   how   to   study   stem   volume   and   biomass  of   forests,  and  subsequently  the  initiation  of   the  European  satellite  programme BIOMASS.  The  development  of  radar data  has seen  initiatives  on  the  ground,  on  airborne  systems,  and  on  satellites  that  all  remain  relevant  at  present.  Since the   time   for   developing   systems   are   very   long,   sometimes more than a decade, many applications often find their use first on airborne systems and later on satellites. With greater openness in data policy since the 1990s, there are also more  commercial  activities  downstream  for  data  uses.  The  Swedish  research  groups’  involvement  in  new  instruments and  applications  has stimulated  industry  directions,  financing by   SAAB   of   academic   positions,   and established   ESA’s   receiving   station   in   Kiruna.   In   sum,   the   efforts   havestrengthened Sweden’s  role  in  political-  and  climate  relateddiscussions regarding use of  radar remote sensing.

  • Pugh, Rhiannon
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lamine, Wadid
    Toulouse Business School, Toulouse, France; Univ Ottawa, Telfer Sch Management, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    Jack, Sarah
    Lancaster university, Lancaster, United Kingdom; Stockholm Sch Econ, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Hamilton, Eleanor
    Lancaster university, Lancaster, UK.
    The entrepreneurial university and the region: what role for entrepreneurship departments?2018Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 26, nr 9, s. 1835-1855Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the concept of the entrepreneurial university by examining roles of academic entrepreneurship departments in driving regional economic development outcomes. While a wealth of research investigates the role, activities and function of the entrepreneurial university, very little which focuses specifically on academic entrepreneurship departments, where much of the research, teaching and knowledge exchange concerning entrepreneurship takes place. Two case studies of large and active entrepreneurship departments are presented to illustrate the different roles and activities they undertake in the sphere of economic development in their regions or locales. A dual model of engagement is proposed, whereby the entrepreneurship department operates within the framework of the entrepreneurial university, but also as a regional actor in its own right.

  • Pugh, Rhiannon
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Universities and economic development in lagging regions: ‘triple helix’ policy in Wales2017Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, nr 7, s. 982-993Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     This paper considers the applicability and relevance of triple helix-based policy and theory, in the weaker region context of Wales,where the success of such approaches has been questionable. It calls for a broader appreciation of the roles ofuniversities in weaker regions beyond a narrow ‘third mission’ conceptualization, moving away from a normativeapplication of the triple helix in contexts very different from those in which it was originated. Instead, it supports thebroadening of the original theory beyond the three key actors of university, government and business, and anincreasing focus on diverse regional settings and spaces.

  • Kautonen, Mika
    et al.
    Research Centre for Knowledge, Science, Technology and Innovation Studies [TaSTI], School of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Pugh, Rhiannon
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Raunio, Mika
    Research Centre for Knowledge, Science, Technology and Innovation Studies [TaSTI], School of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Transformation of regional innovation policies: from ‘traditional’ to ‘next generation’ models of incubation2017Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 620-637Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores a widely - employed instrument of regional innov a- tion policy: the innovation incubator. It proposes th at incubation approaches are moving away from a “traditional” approach strongly premised of physical infr a- structure and high - technology, to a more interactive, participatory, and social mode of innovation , in line with broader developments in innovation policy and theory . To practically illustrate this shift , we take two cases: a “traditional ” style of incubation in Wales, UK, and a “next generation” incubation programme in Fi n land. This paper reflect s on incub a tors as a mode of regional innovation policy, both past developments and future trends , to ensure that new policies and pr o- gramme s lea rn from best (and indeed , worst ) practice and build on , rather than replicate , past approaches.

  • Olson, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Utbildning & Lärande 2012:1: Tema: Utmaningar och perspektiv på verksamhetsförlagt lärande2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)