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  • Amador, Jorge A.
    et al.
    Ambrizzi, Tercio
    Arritt, Raymond W.
    Castro, Christopher L.
    Cavazos, Tereza
    Cerezo-Mota, Ruth
    Fuentes Franco, Ramon
    SMHI, Forskningsavdelningen, Klimatforskning - Rossby Centre.
    Giorgi, Filippo
    Guiliani, Graziano
    Lee, Huikyo
    Mendez-Perez, Matias
    Rivera, Erick R.
    Putting into action the REGCM4.6 regional climate model for the study of climate change, variability and modeling over Central America and Mexico2018Inngår i: Atmósfera, ISSN 0187-6236, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 185-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Montanino, Annaclauida
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Neuronik.
    Kleiven, Svein
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Neuronik.
    Utilizing a Structural Mechanics Approach to Assess the Primary Effects of Injury Loads Onto the Axon and Its Components2018Inngår i: Frontiers in Neurology, ISSN 1664-2295, E-ISSN 1664-2295, Vol. 9, nr 643, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) occurs as a result of the transmission of rapid dynamic loads from the head to the brain and specifically to its neurons. Despite being one of the most common and most deleterious types of traumatic brain injury (TBI), the inherent cell injury mechanism is yet to be understood. Experimental observations have led to the formulation of different hypotheses, such as mechanoporation of the axolemma and microtubules (MTs) breakage. With the goal of singling out the mechanical aspect of DAI and to resolve the ambiguity behind its injury mechanism, a composite finite element (FE) model of a representative volume of an axon was developed. Once calibrated and validated against published experimental data, the axonal model was used to simulate injury scenarios. The resulting strain distributions along its components were then studied in dependence of strain rate and of typical modeling choices such as the applied MT constraints and tau proteins failure. Results show that oversimplifying the MT bundle kinematic entails a systematic attenuation (cf = 2.33) of the computed maximum MT strain. Nevertheless, altogether, results support the hypothesis of axolemma mechanoporation as a cell-injury trigger. Moreover, for the first time the interconnection between the axolemma and the MT bundle is shown to play a role in damage localization. The proposed FE axonal model is a valuable tool to understand the axonal injury mechanism from a mechanical perspective and could be used in turn for the definition of well-informed injury criteria at the tissue and organ level.

  • Hartzén, Ann-Christine
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Globalisation of labour markets and international systems of industrial relations2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the need for and more so the possibility of developing international systems of industrial relations in response to the increasing globalisation of labour markets. Due to increasing internationalisation of employment relations national systems of collective bargaining and industrial relations have become challenged. The reason is that the scope of their competences is limited to act within the nation state and therefore they are unapt to deal with issues that need to be solved at an international or transnational level. In order to deal with the regulation of internationalised labour markets it would thus seem that there is a need for internationalisation of systems of collective bargaining and industrial relations as well. At the EU level the European Social Dialogue (ESD) has in periods provided promises of a potential for developing towards such an alternative. However, the road towards fulfilling such a promise seems far. At the global level the International Transport Workers’ Federation’s (ITF) campaign against flags of convenience (FOC) has developed into a system of collective bargaining with relatively efficient structures for control and enforcement. Therefore, there could be reasons to draw some lessons from the ITF FOC campaign in the future development of the ESD. 

    This paper will focus on the ESD, the challenges this system is facing and its future potential as a system of industrial relations. The analytical framework for the paper is Luhmann’s theory on autopoietic systems and the paper will be divided in four parts. Firstly, the starting points, applied method and reasons for using systems theory as the basis for analysis will be briefly explained. Secondly, the paper will explain the challenges that the ESD is facing in terms of its future potential as an autopoietic system. In this analysis, I will draw on examples from different sectors and themes dealt with within the ESD. Thirdly, I will present some examples on how similar challenges have been met and dealt with within the ITF FOC system. In the concluding section I will highlight possibilities for developing and dealing with the ESD challenges based on the analysis in the previous sections. 

  • Wang, Damao
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Glykovetenskap. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Li, Jing
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Glykovetenskap.
    Wong, Ann C. Y.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Proteinvetenskap, Affinity Proteomics. KTH, Centra, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Aachmann, Finn L.
    Hsieh, Yves S. Y.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Glykovetenskap. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    A colorimetric assay to rapidly determine the activities of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases2018Inngår i: Biotechnology for Biofuels, ISSN 1754-6834, E-ISSN 1754-6834, Vol. 11, nr 215Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (LPMOs) are enzymes that catalyze the breakdown of polysaccharides in biomass and have excellent potential for biorefinery applications. However, their activities are relatively low, and methods to measure these activities are costly, tedious or often reflect only an apparent activity to the polysaccharide substrates. Here, we describe a new method we have developed that is simple to use to determine the activities of type-1 (C1-oxidizing) LPMOs. The method is based on quantifying the ionic binding of cations to carboxyl groups formed by the action of type-1 LPMOs on polysaccharides. It allows comparisons to be made of activities under different conditions.

  • Selgas, Gianfranco
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Caracas’ Variations: Space as Textual-Image in Celeste Olalquiaga, Yolanda Pantin and Arturo Uslar Pietri2018Inngår i: Catedral Tomada, ISSN 0722-0723, E-ISSN 2169-0847, Vol. 6, nr 10, s. 43-72Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    En este artículo se pretende analizar cómo los textos de los venezolanos Celeste Olalquiaga, Yolanda Pantin y Arturo Uslar Pietri, cada uno producido en diferentes etapas históricas del país, convienen la representación del espacio como una imagen textual. Esta representación del espacio como imagen textual retrata su contemporaneidad y da cabida a una serie de efectos que van desde la memoria y la configuración histórica de la ciudad, hasta la sugerencia de nuevos modos de ver y sentir en un espacio dado. Para dar respuesta a esta hipótesis se propone estudiar el corpus articulando aspectos teóricos sobre lo visible y lo enunciable (Jacques Rancière), y la idea de la generación de imágenes a partir de la textualidad del relato o el poema (Luz Horne). Se partirá de estas aproximaciones teóricas para argumentar que los textos analizados, valiéndose de una remediación del Realismo, convienen el espacio como una imagen que intenta tanto retratar lo contemporáneo como condensar en lo imaginario los afectos que induce un espacio determinado como la ciudad de Caracas.

  • Erlandsson, Arvid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Arthur
    Lund University, Department of Psychology, Lund, Sweden.
    Tinghög, Gustav
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Västfjäll, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Decision Research, Eugene, OR, United States of America.
    Bullshit-sensitivity predicts prosocial behavior2018Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 7, artikkel-id e0201474Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bullshit-sensitivity is the ability to distinguish pseudo-profound bullshit sentences (e.g. “Your movement transforms universal observations”) from genuinely profound sentences (e.g. “The person who never made a mistake never tried something new”). Although bullshit-sensitivity has been linked to other individual difference measures, it has not yet been shown to predict any actual behavior. We therefore conducted a survey study with over a thousand participants from a general sample of the Swedish population and assessed participants’ bullshit-receptivity (i.e. their perceived meaningfulness of seven bullshit sentences) and profoundness-receptivity (i.e. their perceived meaningfulness of seven genuinely profound sentences), and used these variables to predict two types of prosocial behavior (self-reported donations and a decision to volunteer for charity). Despite bullshit-receptivity and profoundness-receptivity being positively correlated with each other, logistic regression analyses showed that profoundness-receptivity had a positive association whereas bullshit-receptivity had a negative association with both types of prosocial behavior. These relations held up for the most part when controlling for potentially intermediating factors such as cognitive ability, time spent completing the survey, sex, age, level of education, and religiosity. The results suggest that people who are better at distinguishing the pseudo-profound from the actually profound are more prosocial.

  • Norrby, Catrin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Wide, Camilla
    Nilsson, Jenny
    Lindström, Jan
    Positioning through address practice in Finland-Swedish and Sweden-Swedish service encounters2018Inngår i: Positioning the Self and Others: Linguistic perspectives / [ed] Kate Beeching, Chiara Ghezzi and Piera Molinelli, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, 1, s. 19-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates social positioning through the use (or non-use) of address pronouns in Finland-Swedish and Sweden-Swedish service encounters recorded at theatre and event booking venues in Finland and Sweden. The results demonstrate some compelling variation in address practices which can be attributed to participant roles (customer or staff), national variety (Finland-Swedish or Sweden-Swedish), age (younger or older speaker and addressee) and situational circumstances, such as type of venue and type of transaction, as well as micro-situational aspects which occur during the course of the interaction (complications, problems or topics treated as sensitive). The study highlights that different forms of address cannot be associated a priori with a certain level of formality, but should be interpreted in their micro and macro contexts in order to understand existing cultural norms for appropriate address.

  • Middleton, Alexandra
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Hersinger, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Bryksenkov, Andrey
    Russian State Hydrometeorological University.
    Mineev, Andrey
    Nord University Business School, Norway.
    Gunnarsson, Bjørn
    Nord University Business School, Norway.
    Dybtsyna, Elena
    Nord University Business School, Norway.
    Bullvåg, Erlend
    Nord University Business School, Norway.
    Simonen, Jaakko
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Balmosov, Sergey
    Center for High North Logistics, Murmansk.
    Ovesen, Sissel
    Bodø Science Park, Norway.
    Business Index North: A periodic report with insights to business activity and opportunities in the Arctic2018Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Udén, Maria K.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    The novel feminist diffraction concept: Its application in fifty-one peer-reviewed papers2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffraction,as conventionally defined, is a term for one among a number of wave phenomena.Since the 1990's, when it was introduced by Donna Haraway, it is also a concept within feminist methodology. While particularly the cyborg figure – the cybernetic organism – already in its mainstream scientific-technological scope involves both fantasy and innovation, the term diffraction is in its conventional meaning descriptive. This paper investigates the broad strokes of how the novel diffraction concept is taken in use. Fifty-one papers published in peer-reviewed journals from 2001 to June 2016. The results indicate that the opposition to traditional contemplation- i.e. reflection that Haraway sets as target when introducing the novel concept is the point around which the dynamics evolve.That far, the novel concept could be just any metaphor, like describing thinking things through as ‘reflecting’. Several authors however claim an interdisciplinary connotation, especially to physics. In the material investigated, every implementation and elaboration does not abide to the letter to each attribute in Haraway’s concept. The discovery of how dominant it nevertheless has become to do just that is an important result of this study. Haraway’s sketch of a mirror and a diffraction laboratory experiment is dealt with as was it a full description of wave theory, a complete representation that perfectly meshes with nature.  In a fair share of the material, Haraway’s invention of putting diffraction and reflection as metaphors for thinking in hierarchical opposition is literarily interpreted into physics.

  • Engström, Marianne
    et al.
    Eriksson, Kaja
    Lee, Linkiat
    Hermansson, Monika
    Johansson, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi.
    Nicholas, Anthony P.
    Gerasimcik, Natalija
    Lundberg, Karin
    Klareskog, Lars
    Catrina, Anca Irinel
    Yucel-Lindberg, Tülay
    Increased citrullination and expression of peptidylarginine deiminases independently of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans in gingival tissue of patients with periodontitis2018Inngår i: Journal of Translational Medicine, ISSN 1479-5876, E-ISSN 1479-5876, Vol. 16, artikkel-id 214Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: A relationship between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis has been suggested from findings that individuals with RA are prone to have advanced periodontitis and vice versa. In search of possible common pathogenetic features of these two diseases, we investigated the presence of citrullinated proteins and expression of endogenous peptidylarginine deiminases (PAD2 and PAD4), in periodontal tissue of individuals with periodontitis and healthy controls, in relation to the periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans), producing leukotoxin as virulence factor. These two oral bacteria have been suggested to be linked to anti-citrullinated protein antibodies in patients with RA.

    METHODS: Gingival tissue biopsies were obtained from 15 patients with periodontitis and 15 individuals without periodontal disease. Presence of CD3-positive lymphocytes, citrullinated proteins, PAD2, PAD4, P. gingivalis as well as A. actinomycetemcomitans and Mannheimia haemolytica produced leukotoxins were analysed by immunohistochemistry, followed by triple-blind semi-quantitative analysis. Mann-Whitney and Fisher's exact tests were used to analyse differences between groups. PADI2 and PADI4 mRNA levels were assessed by RT-qPCR and analysed using Wilcoxon signed rank test.

    RESULTS: Increased staining of citrullinated proteins was observed in gingival connective tissue from subjects with periodontitis (80%, 12/15) compared to healthy gingival tissue (27%, 4/15), whereas no differences were observed in gingival epithelium. There was also an increased staining of the citrullinating enzymes PAD2 and PAD4 in gingival connective tissue of patients with periodontitis whereas similar levels of PAD2 and PAD4 were observed in the gingival epithelium of the two groups. Similarly, the mRNA levels of PADI2 and PADI4 were also increased in the gingival tissue of patients with periodontitis compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, presence of P. gingivalis and leukotoxins was comparable in both epithelium and connective tissue, from the different investigated individuals with and without periodontitis, and there were no correlations between the presence of periodontal pathogens and the expression of citrullinated proteins or PAD enzymes.

    CONCLUSION: Chronic gingival inflammation is associated with increased local citrullination and PAD2 and PAD4 expression in periodontitis. The increased citrullination and PAD2 and PAD4 expression in periodontitis were, however, independent of the presence of periodontal pathogen P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin.

  • Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Bronze Age Håga and the Viking King Björn: A History of Interpretation and Documentation from AD 818 to 20182018Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen2018Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Valvo, Mario
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Doubaji, S.
    Univ Cadi Ayyad, FST Marrakech, LCME, Av A Khattabi,BP 549, Marrakech 40000, Morocco.
    Saadoune, I.
    Univ Cadi Ayyad, FST Marrakech, LCME, Av A Khattabi,BP 549, Marrakech 40000, Morocco;Mohamed VI Polytech Univ, Mat Sci & Nanoengn Dept, Lot 660 Hay Moulay Rachid, Benguerir 43150, Morocco.
    Edström, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Pseudocapacitive charge storage properties of Na2/3Co2/3Mn2/9Ni1/9O2 in Na-ion batteries2018Inngår i: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 276, s. 142-152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The behaviour of Na2/3Co2/3Mn2/9Ni1/9O2 in composite electrodes is studied via Na half-cells utilizing a dedicated cyclic voltammetry approach. The application of increasing sweep rates enabled a detailed analysis of the red-ox peaks of this material. All peak currents due to cathodic/anodic processes demonstrated clear capacitive properties. This finding widens the picture of classical Na+ insertion/ extraction in this complex oxide, as purely diffusive processes of Na+ through its layers do not fully explain the pseudocapacitance displayed by its red-ox peaks, which are typically linked to concomitant oxidation state changes for its transition metal atoms and/or phase transitions. No phase transition was observed during in operando X-Ray diffraction upon charge to 4.2 V vs. Na+/Na, proving good structural stability for P2-NaxCo2/3Mn2/9Ni1/9O2 upon Na+ removal. The origin of such pseudocapacitive properties is likely nested in strong electrostatic interactions among the metal oxide slabs and a tendency to release Na+ from its crystallites, e.g. to form surface by-products upon air exposure. Such a reactivity induces defects (e.g. vacancies) in its lattice and charge compensation mechanisms are required to maintain an overall charge neutrality, thus ultimately influencing the electrochemical properties. Possible limiting factors for the performances of this compound in composite coatings are also discussed.

  • Godskesen, Tove
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap. Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik, Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Uppsala universitet.
    Cancerpatienter i kliniska prövningar.2016Inngår i: Onkologi i Sverige, ISSN 1653-1582, nr 1, s. 16-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Var tredje person i Sverige kommer under sin livstid att drabbas av cancer, vilket innebär att cancer är en folksjukdom. Stora summor pengar läggs ner på cancerforskning. Många säger att det inte alls är en omöjlig uppgift att besegra cancer, medan andra säger att det kommer att bli mycket svårt. Säkert är dock att om forskningen ska gå framåt krävs mycket pengar och hängivna forskare. Men intebara det. En grundförutsättning för att vi ska kunna få fram nya eller bättre cancerbehandlingar är att nya substanser testas på patienter i läkemedelsstudier, så kallade kliniska prövningar. Om inte patienter vill delta i medicinsk forskning kommer inte cancerforskningen att lyckas. Det är därför viktigt att undersöka hur patienter ser på deltagande i läkemedelsforskning. Trots att många cancerpatienter i Sverige deltar i läkemedelsstudier finns det väldigt lite forskning om varför de väljer att delta, om de förstått informationen de fått och hur de upplever sitt deltagande.

  • Larsson, Susanna C.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Nutr Epidemiol, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wallin, Alice
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Nutr Epidemiol, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Niclas
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Nutr Epidemiol, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stackelberg, Otto
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Nutr Epidemiol, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm South Gen Hosp, Dept Surg, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bäck, Magnus
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Div Valvular & Coronary Dis, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wolk, Alicja
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi. Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Nutr Epidemiol, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus and incidence of seven cardiovascular diseases2018Inngår i: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 262, s. 66-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and specific cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is uncertain. Furthermore, data on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in relation to risk of aortic valve stenosis, atrial fibrillation, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and intracerebral hemorrhage are scarce and inconclusive. We examined the associations of T1DM and T2DM with incidence of seven CVD outcomes.

    Methods: This study comprised 71,483 Swedish adults from two population-based prospective cohorts. T1DM and T2DM diagnosis and incident CVD cases were ascertained through linkage with the population-based registers.

    Results: T1DM was associated with myocardial infarction (hazard ratio [HR] 3.26; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.47-4.30), heart failure (HR 2.68; 95% CI 1.76-4.09), and ischemic stroke (HR 2.61; 95% CI 1.80-3.79). Increased risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and heart failure was also observed in T2DM patients and the magnitude of the associations increased with longer T2DM duration. T2DM was also associated with an increased risk of aortic valve stenosis (HR 1.34; 95% CI 1.05-1.71) and with lower risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (HR 0.57; 95% CI 0.40-0.82) and intracerebral hemorrhage (HR 0.51; 95% CI 0.30-0.88). Only long-term T2DM(>= 20 years) was associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (HR 1.44; 95% CI 1.02-2.04).

    Conclusion: T1DM and T2DM are associated with increased risk of major CVD outcomes. Trial registration: The Cohort of Swedish Men and the Swedish Mammography Cohort are registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01127711 and NCT01127698, respectively.

  • Ekman Ladru, Danielle
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Gustafson, Katarina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    'Yay, a downhill!': Mobile preschool children's collective mobility practices and 'doing' space in walks in line2018Inngår i: Journal of Pedagogy, ISSN 1338-1563, E-ISSN 1338-2144, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 87-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of early childhood research children’s mobility is usually discussed only in terms of physical activity in the preschool yard. More seldom is it discussed in terms of mobility practices and how young children move in public spaces. With unique detailed video-ethnographic data on mobile preschools and a new combination of theories on space, mobilities and peer culture this article analyses how young children negotiate mobility practices and engage in embodied learning in the collective preschool routine of walking in line. Two empirical examples of walking in line in contrasting public spaces show how the mobile preschool group moves in space as a collective body co-produced by children’s and teachers’ individual bodies. It is argued that walks in line are not merely a form of ‘transport’ between places but are important as social and learning spaces. While walking in line, children collectively ‘do’ space in diverse ways depending on where and how they move, and in relation to where and when teachers negotiate safety issues. In this process, the spaces, activities and routines alike are transformed.

  • Taves, Ann
    et al.
    Asprem, Egil
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Ihm, Elliott
    Psychology, meaning making, and the study of worldviews: Beyond religion and non-religion2018Inngår i: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, ISSN 1941-1022, E-ISSN 1943-1562, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 207-217Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To get beyond the solely negative identities signaled by atheism and agnosticism, we have to conceptualize an object of study that includes religions and nonreligions. We advocate a shift from “religions” to “worldviews” and define worldviews in terms of the human ability to ask and reflect on “big questions” (BQs; e.g., what exists? how should we live?). From a worldviews perspective, atheism, agnosticism, and theism are competing claims about one feature of reality and can be combined with various answers to the BQs to generate a wide range of worldviews. To lay a foundation for the multidisciplinary study of worldviews that includes psychology and other sciences, we ground them in humans’ evolved world-making capacities. Conceptualizing worldviews in this way allows us to identify, refine, and connect concepts that are appropriate to different levels of analysis. We argue that the language of enacted and articulated worldviews (for humans) and worldmaking and ways of life (for humans and other animals) is appropriate at the level of persons or organisms and that the language of sense making, schemas, and meaning frameworks is appropriate at the cognitive level (for humans and other animals). Viewing the meaning making processes that enable humans to generate worldviews from an evolutionary perspective allows us to raise new questions for psychology with particular relevance for the study of nonreligious worldviews.

  • Porseryd, T.
    et al.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Nat Sci Technol & Environm Studies, SE-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Caspillo, N. Reyhanian
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Nat Sci Technol & Environm Studies, SE-14189 Huddinge, Sweden;Orebro Univ, Sch Sci & Technol, Orebro Life Sci Ctr, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden.
    Volkova, K.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Nat Sci Technol & Environm Studies, SE-14189 Huddinge, Sweden;Orebro Univ, Sch Sci & Technol, Orebro Life Sci Ctr, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden.
    Elabbas, L.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Nat Sci Technol & Environm Studies, SE-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Källman, T.
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Dinnetz, P.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Nat Sci Technol & Environm Studies, SE-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Olsson, P-E
    Örebro Life Science Center, School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, SE-701 82 Örebro, Sweden.
    Porsch-Hällstrom, I.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Nat Sci Technol & Environm Studies, SE-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Testis transcriptome alterations in zebrafish (Danio rerio) with reduced fertility due to developmental exposure to 17 alpha-ethinyl estradiol2018Inngår i: General and Comparative Endocrinology, ISSN 0016-6480, E-ISSN 1095-6840, Vol. 262, s. 44-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    17 alpha-Ethinylestradiol (EE2) is a ubiquitous aquatic contaminant shown to decrease fish fertility at low concentrations, especially in fish exposed during development. The mechanisms of the decreased fertility are not fully understood. In this study, we perform transcriptome analysis by RNA sequencing of testes from zebrafish with previously reported lowered fertility due to exposure to low concentrations of EE2 during development. Fish were exposed to 1.2 and 1.6 ng/L (measured concentration; nominal concentrations 3 and 10 ng/L) of EE2 from fertilization to 80 days of age, followed by 82 days of remediation in clean water. RNA sequencing analysis revealed 249 and 16 genes to be differentially expressed after exposure to 1.2 and 1.6 ng/L, respectively; a larger inter-sample variation was noted in the latter. Expression of 11 genes were altered by both exposures and in the same direction. The coding sequences most affected could be categorized to the putative functions cell signalling, proteolysis, protein metabolic transport and lipid metabolic process. Several homeobox transcription factors involved in development and differentiation showed increased expression in response to EE2 and differential expression of genes related to cell death, differentiation and proliferation was observed. In addition, several genes related to steroid synthesis, testis development and function were differentially expressed. A number of genes associated with spermatogenesis in zebrafish and/or mouse were also found to be differentially expressed. Further, differences in non-coding sequences were observed, among them several differentially expressed miRNA that might contribute to testis gene regulation at post-transcriptional level. This study has generated insights of changes in gene expression that accompany fertility alterations in zebrafish males that persist after developmental exposure to environmental relevant concentrations of EE2 that persist followed by clean water to adulthood. Hopefully, this will generate hypotheses to test in search for mechanistic explanations.

  • Sommer, Marius
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Häger, Charlotte
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark.
    Rönnqvist, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Timing Training in Female Soccer Players: Effects on Skilled Movement Performance and Brain Responses2018Inngår i: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, E-ISSN 1662-5161, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 311Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although trainers and athletes consider “good timing skills” critical for optimal sport performance, little is known in regard to how sport-specific skills may benefit from timing training. Accordingly, this study investigated the effects of timing training on soccer skill performance and the associated changes in functional brain response in elite- and sub-elite female soccer players. Twenty-five players (mean age 19.5 years; active in the highest or second highest divisions in Sweden), were randomly assigned to either an experimental- or a control group. The experimental group (n = 12) was subjected to a 4-week program (12 sessions) of synchronized metronome training (SMT). We evaluated effects on accuracy and variability in a soccer cross-pass task. The associated brain response was captured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while watching videos with soccer-specific actions. SMT improved soccer cross-pass performance, with a significant increase in outcome accuracy, combined with a decrease in outcome variability. SMT further induced changes in the underlying brain response associated with observing a highly familiar soccer-specific action, denoted as decreased activation in the cerebellum post SMT. Finally, decreased cerebellar activation was associated with improved cross-pass performance and sensorimotor synchronization. These findings suggest a more efficient neural recruitment during action observation after SMT. To our knowledge, this is the first controlled study providing behavioral and neurophysiological evidence that timing training may positively influence soccer-skill, while strengthening the action-perception coupling via enhanced sensorimotor synchronization abilities, and thus influencing the underlying brain responses.

  • Cunningham, Una
    University of Canterbury.
    Language teachers' need for linguistics2015Inngår i: Te Reo, ISSN 0494-8440, Vol. 58, s. 77-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that language teachers need to have knowledge of the linguistics of the language they are teaching. It explores the relationship between implicit and explicit knowledge of the target language and the consequences of this relationship for learners and teachers. Previous research has shown that a focus on form and the teaching of explicit knowledge about the target language are useful for some kinds of language learners. Modern language courses at university level form the content knowledge that future language teachers base their teaching on, yet they may not systematically cover the linguistics of the language in question. It is argued that a basic understanding of linguistics and some formal study of the structure of the target language will allow creative language teachers to better help the language learners they teach to see that the target language is organised in particular ways and make connections with their own language(s). This is a stipulated Achievement Objective for the first levels of the Learning Languages learning area in the New Zealand Curriculum. Language learners may not be served by being taught to talk about the sentence structure and phonology of their target language, but it is argued that their teachers need this knowledge to better identify and respond to the needs of the learners.

  • Jabbari, Mostafa
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Osadolor, Osagie Alex
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Nair, Ramkumar B
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    All-polyamide composite coated-fabric as an alternative material of construction for textile-bioreactors (TBRs)2017Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 10, nr 11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    All-polyamide composite coated-fabric (APCCF) was used as an alternative material for the construction of textile-bioreactors (TBRs), which are prepared as a replacement of the traditional stainless steel bioreactors (SSBRs) or concrete-based bioreactors. The material characteristics, as well as the fermentation process performance of the APCCF-TBR, was compared with a TBR made using the polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-coated polyester fabric (PVCCF). The TBRs were used for the anaerobic fermentation process using baker's yeast; and, for aerobic fermentation process using filamentous fungi, primarily by using waste streams from ethanol industries as the substrates. The results from the fermentation experiments were similar with those that were obtained from the cultivations that were carried out in conventional bioreactors. The techno-economic analysis conducted using a 5000 m3 APCCF-TBR for a typical fermentation facility would lead to a reduction of the annual production cost of the plant by 128,000,000 when compared to similar processes in SSBR. The comparative analyses (including mechanical and morphological studies, density measurements, thermal stability, ageing, and techno-economic analyses) revealed that the APCCF is a better candidate for the material of construction of the TBR. As the APCCF is a 100% recyclable single-polymer composite, which was prepared from Nylon 66 textile production-line waste, it could be considered as an environmentally sustainable product. 

  • Le, Thinh
    et al.
    University of Canterbury.
    Cunningham, Una
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Watson, Kevin
    University of Canterbury.
    The relationship between willingness to communicate and social presence in an online English language course2018Inngår i: Jalt CALL journal, ISSN 1832-4215, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 43-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Vietnamese high school students have few opportunities to use English outside class and they are often reluctant to speak in class. This paper describes and explains the students’ will-ingness to communicate (wtc) and relates this to varied perceptions of social presence. Eighteen high school students in Vietnam took a six-week online course using Facebook and Skype. They were interviewed individually before and after the course about their expe-riences, focusing on their perceptions of their own wtc. The results show that the students were more willing to use English spontane-ously in the online environment in contexts where they perceived that they had less social presence. Text and audio chat were felt to be less face threatening than video chat, and con-sequently, students were more willing to speak in conditions of lower social presence. It can be concluded that the more social presence stu-dents felt they had in the online environment, the less their wtc. This was true for both synchronous and asynchronous online envi-ronments. Allowing students to control their social presence in online communication can embolden shy students and increase their wtc.

  • Rivas, Lourdes
    et al.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Div Prote & Nanobiotechnol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Reuterswärd, Philippa
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Div Prote & Nanobiotechnol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rasti, Reza
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden;South Gen Hosp, Sachs Children & Youth Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Herrmann, Björn
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk mikrobiologi.
    Mårtensson, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition.
    Alfven, Tobias
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden;South Gen Hosp, Sachs Children & Youth Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gantelius, Jesper
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Div Prote & Nanobiotechnol, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andersson-Svahn, Helene
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Div Prote & Nanobiotechnol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A vertical flow paper-microarray assay with isothermal DNA amplification for detection of Neisseria meningitidis2018Inngår i: Talanta: The International Journal of Pure and Applied Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0039-9140, E-ISSN 1873-3573, Vol. 183, s. 192-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper-based biosensors offer a promising technology to be used at the point of care, enabled by good performance, convenience and low-cost. In this article, we describe a colorimetric vertical-flow DNA microarray (DNAVFM) that takes advantage of the screening capability of DNA microarrays in a paper format together with isothermal amplification by means of Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (RPA). Different assay parameters such as hybridization buffer, flow rate, printing buffer and capture probe concentration were optimized. A limit of detection (LOD) of 4.4 nM was achieved as determined by tabletop scanning. The DNA-VFM was applied as a proof of concept for detection of Neisseria meningitidis, a primary cause of bacterial meningitis. The LOD was determined to be between 38 and 2.1 x 10(6) copies/VFMassay, depending on the choice of DNA capture probes. The presented approach provides multiplex capabilities of DNA microarrays in a paper-based format for future point-of-care applications.

  • Holgersson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ursäkta, men vi är faktiskt POLISEN och vi står över lagen!2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Av rapporten framgår att det inom polisen finns en utbredd inställning att Polismyndigheten inte behöver rätta sig efter lagar och regler. Det handlar inte om bristande intern information, utan om ett förhållningssätt som återfinns hos personal på skilda hierarkiska nivåer. Förhållandet återspeglas i många sammanhang, exempelvis när någon begär att ta del av allmänna handlingar, i vapenlicensärenden, i arbetsmiljöärenden och hur polisen bland annat i pressmeddelande vinklar olika förhållanden m.m.

    Polismyndigheten har ett stort fokus på att marknadsföra sitt eget varumärke. Det har medfört att grundläggande principer i regeringsformen hamnat i skymundan, såsom vikten av att iaktta opartiskhet och saklighet. En ovilja att lämna ut innehållet i allmänna handlingar som riskerar att påverka polisens varumärke negativt kan ses som en följd av detta och leder inte bara till att offentlighetsprincipen sätts ur spel. Det får också indirekt en negativ inverkan på möjligheterna att svensk polis utvecklas på ett önskvärt sätt genom att polisen vidtar skenaktiviteter. I rapporten ”Polisens utredningsverksamhet – En studie av polisens arbete med demokrati- och hatbrott på nätet” (Holgersson, 2018) exemplifieras negativa konsekvenser av ett sådant förhållningssätt (se även Holgersson, 2014; Holgersson & Wieslander, 2017). I denna rapport beskrivs och fördjupas problembeskrivningen. De problem som tas upp är i sig viktiga att komma tillrätta med eftersom det är vitalt för en rättsvårdande myndighet att följa lagar och regler. I synnerhet gäller det för en myndighet i vars verksamhet det ingår att använda tvångsmedel och utöva fysiskt våld mot medborgare.

  • Cunningham, Una
    University of Canterbury.
    Language pedagogy and non-transience in the flipped classroom2016Inngår i: Journal of open, flexible and distance learning, ISSN 1179-7673, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 44-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High connectivity at tertiary institutions, and students who are often equipped with laptops and/or tablets as well as smartphones, have resulted in language learners being able to freely access technology and the internet. Reference tools such as dictionaries, concordancers, translators, and thesauri, with pronunciation and usage tips, are available at the touch of a screen. The web brings a virtually endless corpus of authentic written and spoken target language usage, and instant communication with target language speakers anywhere. Video recordings of teaching or materials created for language learners can be viewed and reviewed at the learner’s convenience and reused by the teacher, freeing contact time for interaction. This paper distinguishes between asynchrony and non-transience and discusses which material can best be offered to language learners in tertiary education in a non-transient or enduring form rather than as live teaching, why this might be a good idea, and how to create and curate non-transient resources for individualised language learning.

  • Mirzadeh, Kiavash
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Toddo, Stephen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Nørholm, Morten H. H.
    Daley, Daniel O.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Codon Optimizing for Increased Membrane Protein Production: A Minimalist Approach2016Inngår i: Heterologous Expression of Membrane Proteins: Methods and Protocols / [ed] Isabelle Mus-Veteau, New York: Humana Press, 2016, s. 53-61Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Reengineering a gene with synonymous codons is a popular approach for increasing production levels of recombinant proteins. Here we present a minimalist alternative to this method, which samples synonymous codons only at the second and third positions rather than the entire coding sequence. As demonstrated with two membrane-embedded transporters in Escherichia coli, the method was more effective than optimizing the entire coding sequence. The method we present is PCR based and requires three simple steps: (1) the design of two PCR primers, one of which is degenerate; (2) the amplification of a mini-library by PCR; and (3) screening for high-expressing clones.

  • Foss, Sergey
    et al.
    Heriot Watt Univ, Sch Math & Comp Sci, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Midlothian, Scotland;Sobolev Inst Math, Novosibirsk, Russia;Novosibirsk State Univ, Novosibirsk, Russia.
    Konstantopoulos, Takis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Analys och sannolikhetsteori.
    Mountford, Thomas
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Inst Math, Stn 8, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Power Law Condition for Stability of Poisson Hail2018Inngår i: Journal of theoretical probability, ISSN 0894-9840, E-ISSN 1572-9230, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 684-704Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Poisson hail model is a space-time stochastic system introduced by Baccelli and Foss (J Appl Prob 48A:343-366, 2011) whose stability condition is nonobvious owing to the fact that it is spatially infinite. Hailstones arrive at random points of time and are placed in random positions of space. Upon arrival, if not prevented by previously accumulated stones, a stone starts melting at unit rate. When the stone sizes have exponential tails, then stability conditions exist. In this paper, we look at heavy tailed stone sizes and prove that the system can be stabilized when the rate of arrivals is sufficiently small. We also show that the stability condition is, in a weak sense, optimal. We use techniques and ideas from greedy lattice animals.

  • Farshad Nia, Sara
    et al.
    University of Canterbury.
    Davis, Niki
    University of Canterbury.
    Cunningham, Una
    University of Canterbury.
    Howard, Jocelyn
    University of Canterbury.
    Digital equity for ESOL students in a New Zealand secondary school analysed with Davis’ Arena frame-work2018Inngår i: Flexible Learning Association of New Zealand: Inception to Infinity, 2018, s. 121-126Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research set in New Zealand, where English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) is recognised as a priority for equitable inclusion, suggests that ESOL teachers find digital inclusion for migrant and refugee students in secondary schools challenging, requiring teacher initiative and energy. The challenges and complexities of these contexts are presented with an analysis of a case of one ESOLteacher, classified as an innovator using Rogers (2003) adoption of innovations categories. This anal-ysis is set within Davis’ (2018) Arena framework of the co-evolution of education and digital technolo-gies to identify the digital tools used to support migrant and refugee students’ learning and teachingand related challenges. This case study illustrates the challenges faced by one ESOL teacher whochose to use technology in his context. The most important finding of this study is that in ESOL con-texts digital tools can support teachers to individualise their teaching to increase inclusion, equity,and access in secondary schools. However, this is only possible with great effort from the teachersand support from their schools and communities.

  • Nair, R. B.
    et al.
    Gmoser, Rebecca
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Does the second messenger cAMP have a more complex role in controlling filamentous fungal morphology and metabolite production?2018Inngår i: MicrobiologyOpen, ISSN 2045-8827, E-ISSN 2045-8827Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Ricci, Marco
    et al.
    Peona, Valentina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Evolutionsbiologi. University of Bologna.
    Guichard, Etienne
    Taccioli, Cristian
    Boattini, Alessio
    Transposable Elements Activity is Positively Related to Rate of Speciation in Mammals.2018Inngår i: Journal of Molecular Evolution, ISSN 0022-2844, E-ISSN 1432-1432, Vol. 86, nr 5, s. 303-310Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transposable elements (TEs) play an essential role in shaping eukaryotic genomes and generating variability. Speciation and TE activity bursts could be strongly related in mammals, in which simple gradualistic models of differentiation do not account for the currently observed species variability. In order to test this hypothesis, we designed two parameters: the Density of insertion (DI) and the Relative rate of speciation (RRS). DI is the ratio between the number of TE insertions in a genome and its size, whereas the RRS is a conditional parameter designed to identify potential speciation bursts. Thus, by analyzing TE insertions in mammals, we defined the genomes as "hot" (high DI) and "cold" (low DI). Then, comparing TE activity among 29 taxonomical families of the whole Mammalia class, 16 intra-order pairs of mammalian species, and four superorders of Eutheria, we showed that taxa with high rates of speciation are associated with "hot" genomes, whereas taxa with low ones are associated with "cold" genomes. These results suggest a remarkable correlation between TE activity and speciation, also being consistent with patterns describing variable rates of differentiation and accounting for the different time frames of the speciation bursts.

  • King, Jeanette
    et al.
    University of Canterbury.
    Cunningham, Una
    University of Canterbury.
    Tamariki and fanau: Child speakers of Māori and Samoan in Aotearoa/New Zealand.2017Inngår i: Te Reo, ISSN 0494-8440, Vol. 60, s. 27-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After English, the two languages most spoken by children in Aotearoa/New Zealand are Māori, the indigenous language of the country, and Samoan, the language of one of New Zealand’s first migrant groups. The ongoing vitality of both these Polynesian languages relies on them being transmitted to new generations of children. This study uses specially commissioned datasets from the 2013 Census to explore the rates of intergenerational transmission of these two languages, and sheds light on how the different circumstances relating to Māori and Samoan affect their rates of intergenerational transmission. The statistics presented also generate a number of potential questions for future investigation.

  • Schiratzki, Johanna
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Stöd och service till barn med vissa funktionsnedsättningar: kartläggning av hur tillämpningen av LSS stämmer överens med barnkonventionen och de tilläggsprotokoll som Sverige tillträtt2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]
    • Regionala skillnader i tillämpningen av barnperspektivet tolkat som beaktandet av artiklar 3 och 12 barnkonventionen respektive 6 a § LSS eller 8 § 2 st. LSS.
      • Tre av kommunerna i glesbygdslänet beaktar inte barnperspektivet i något av de granskade besluten.
      • I besluten från de övriga kommunerna uppmärksammas barnperspektivet.
      • En av kommunerna i glesbygdslänet genomför barnkonsekvensanalyser.
    • De regionala skillnaderna i tillämpningen av LSS aktualiserar frågan om brister i förhållande till artikel 2 om icke-diskriminering, dvs. om barn får sina rättigheter tillgodosedda på ett likartat sätt i hela landet.
    • I åtta beslut förekommer uppgifter om främst stressrelaterad ohälsa hos föräldrarna. Aktualiserar frågan om brister i förhållande till artiklarna 6 om liv och överlevnad, 23 om funktionshindrade och barnkonventionens inledning, dvs. konventionsstaternas åtagande att till det yttersta av sin förmåga säkerställa barnets överlevnad, ge ansökt bistånd kostnadsfritt samt ge familjen nödvändigt skydd och bistånd.
    • I flertalet beslut kombineras barn- och familjeperspektiv i enlighet med artikel 3 om barnets bästa, artikel 5 om föräldrarnas ledning vid utövandet av de rättigheter barnet tillerkänns enligt konventionen samt barnkonventionens inledning p 5 om familjens skydd och bistånd.
    • I fyra beslut motiveras insatsen enbart med föräldrars behov av avlastning och goda levnadsförhållanden för det berörda barnet. Aktualiserar frågan om brister i förhållande till artikel 3 barnkonventionen.
    • Föräldraansvar berörs i tre beslut.
    • I flertalet beslut har samtal med barnet genomförts i enlighet med artikel 12 om barnets rätt att bli hört alternativt finns uppgifter om barnets åsikter och/eller en förklaring till varför ett möte inte ägt rum.
    • I åtta beslut saknas uppgifter om barnets åsikter eller en förklaring till varför sådana uppgifter saknas. Aktualiserar frågan om brister i förhållande till artikel 12.
    • Barnkonsekvensanalyser ökar användningen av barnperspektiv samt barns synlighet i beslut och tillhörande utredning.
  • Borén, Thomas
    Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi.
    Foreword2018Inngår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 5-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Cunningham, Una
    University of Canterbury.
    Flipping the language classroom2017Inngår i: The New Zealand Language Teacher, ISSN 0110-1374, Vol. 43, s. 41-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The flipped classroom and flipped pedagogy have been visible in much writing about teaching (Boyer, 2013; Eaton, 2017; Fisher, Ross, LaFerriere & Maritz, 2017; Hao, 2016; LaFee, 2013; O’Flaherty & Phillips, 2015). For language teachers, there is nothing new about getting students to do some reading or view a video before class, but flipped learning has more to offer than that. It is a way to save classroom time for interactive activities that students cannot do on their own, and to individualise teaching to better support students in need of more instruction while extending students capable of more advanced language work. This article looks at how and why language teachers might adopt flipped pedagogy to work towards the Achievement Objectives of Learning Languages in the New Zealand Curriculum while embracing the principles of language teaching outlined in Paul Nation’s four strands model (Nation, 2007).

  • Wänström, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kommunalt koalitionsbyggande i ett nytt parlamentariskt landskap: Pragmatism i policyorienterade möjlighetsfönster2018Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, nr 2-3, s. 225-248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Coalition formation in a new municipal parliamentary landscape. Pragmatism in policy-related windows of opportunities

    Coalition building in Swedish municipalities has traditionally been dominated by two political blocks at the opposite sides of the ideological left-right scale (Back 2003; Wangmar 2006). The success of the Sweden Democrats in the last elections have challenged that pattern. Statistics on coalition formation since the 2014 election indicate that the traditional policy scale no longer dominates local government. Coalitions of parties closely situated next to each other on the left-right scale are not as common as before. Interviews with 19 leading politicians in five Swedish municipalities that formed majority coalitions, including parties on the left as well as the right block, indicate that neither the traditional left-right scale nor the GAL-TAN dimension played a decisive role in these coalition formation processes. Instead, the ability of political parties to cooperate within the coalitions and building on personal chemistry, was considered the most important factor in the coalition building process on the municipal level.

  • Kalepu, Jagadeesh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    Gandeepan, Parthasarathy
    Georg August Univ Gottingen, Inst Organ & Biomol Chem, Tammannstr 2, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany.
    Ackermann, Lutz
    Georg August Univ Gottingen, Inst Organ & Biomol Chem, Tammannstr 2, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany.
    Pilarski, Lukasz T.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Organisk kemi.
    C4-H indole functionalisation: precedent and prospects2018Inngår i: Chemical Science, ISSN 2041-6520, E-ISSN 2041-6539, Vol. 9, nr 18, s. 4203-4216Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    C4-decorated indoles feature in a plethora of bioactive and functional compounds of importance to natural product synthesis, material sciences, as well as crop protection and pharmaceutical industries. Traditionally, their syntheses largely involved harsh stoichiometric metalations and radical reactions. However, transition metal catalysed C-H activation has recently evolved into a powerful strategy for the late-stage diversification of indoles at the C4-H position. Modern photoredox, enzymatic and precious transition metal catalysis represent the key stimuli for developing challenging C-C and C-Het bond forming transformations under mild reaction conditions. Herein, we discuss the evolution and application of these methods for the step-economical transformations of otherwise inert C4-H bonds up to December 2017.

  • Silva, Willian T. A. F.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Evolutionsbiologi.
    Methylation dynamics during the maternal-to-zygotic genome transition in dioecious species.2018Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 7, artikkel-id e0200028Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of a new generation in sexually reproducing species is fertilization. In many species, fertilization is followed by cell divisions controlled primarily by maternal transcripts, with little to no zygotic transcription. The activation of the zygotic genome (ZGA) is part of a process called maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT), during which transcripts from the zygotic genome take control of development, setting the conditions for cellular specialization. While we know that epigenetic processes (e.g. methylation) are involved in the MZT, their roles and interplay in the transition are largely unknown. I developed a model and used simulations to elucidate the interaction between possible epigenetic processes, namely methylation processes, involved in the MZT. The model focuses on the dynamics of global methylation levels and how these interact with factors such as a parental repressor and the nucleocytoplasmic ratio to trigger the ZGA, followed by development from fertilization to adulthood. In addition, I included transgenerational effects transmitted to the zygote from both parents through their gametes to show that these may set the stage for plastic developmental processes. I demonstrate that the rates of maintenance methylation and demethylation, which are important for the achievement of the final methylation levels of an individual, exhibit a certain level of flexibility in terms of parameter values. I find that high final methylation levels require more restricted combinations of parameter values. The model is discussed in the context of the current empirical knowledge and provide suggestions for directions of future empirical and theoretical studies.

  • Mashad Nemati, Hassan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Laso, A.
    Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Manana, M.
    Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Pinheiro Sant'Anna, Anita
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Nowaczyk, Sławomir
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR Centrum för tillämpade intelligenta system (IS-lab).
    Stream Data Cleaning for Dynamic Line Rating Application2018Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 11, nr 8, artikkel-id 2007Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The maximum current that an overhead transmission line can continuously carry depends on external weather conditions, most commonly obtained from real-time streaming weather sensors. The accuracy of the sensor data is very important in order to avoid problems such as overheating. Furthermore, faulty sensor readings may cause operators to limit or even stop the energy production from renewable sources in radial networks. This paper presents a method for detecting and replacing sequences of consecutive faulty data originating from streaming weather sensors. The method is based on a combination of (a) a set of constraints obtained from derivatives in consecutive data, and (b) association rules that are automatically generated from historical data. In smart grids, a large amount of historical data from different weather stations are available but rarely used. In this work, we show that mining and analyzing this historical data provides valuable information that can be used for detecting and replacing faulty sensor readings. We compare the result of the proposed method against the exponentially weighted moving average and vector autoregression models. Experiments on data sets with real and synthetic errors demonstrate the good performance of the proposed method for monitoring weather sensors.

  • Satari, B.
    et al.
    Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås.
    Karimi, K.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Zamani, Akram
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Co-production of fungal biomass derived constituents and ethanol from citruswastes free sugars without auxiliary nutrients in airlift bioreactor2016Inngår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1422-0067, E-ISSN 1422-0067, Vol. 17, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The potential of two zygomycetes fungi, Mucor indicus and Rhizopus oryzae, in assimilating citrus waste free sugars (CWFS) and producing fungal chitosan, oil, and protein as well as ethanol was investigated. Extraction of free sugars from citrus waste can reduce its environmental impact by decreasing the possibility of wild microorganisms growth and formation of bad odors, a typical problem facing the citrus industries. A total sugar concentration of 25.1 g/L was obtained by water extraction of citrus waste at room temperature, used for fungal cultivation in shake flasks and airlift bioreactor with no additional nutrients. In shake flasks cultivations, the fungi were only able to assimilate glucose, while fructose remained almost intact. In contrast, the cultivation of M. indicus and R. oryzae in the four-liter airlift bioreactor resulted in the consumption of almost all sugars and production of 250 and 280 g fungal biomass per kg of consumed sugar, respectively. These biomasses correspondingly contained 40% and 51% protein and 9.8% and 4.4% oil. Furthermore, the fungal cell walls, obtained after removing the alkali soluble fraction of the fungi, contained 0.61 and 0.69 g chitin and chitosan per g of cell wall for M. indicus and R. oryzae, respectively. Moreover, the maximum ethanol yield of 36% and 18% was obtained from M. indicus and R. oryzae, respectively. Furthermore, that M. indicus grew as clump mycelia in the airlift bioreactor, while R. oryzae formed spherical suspended pellets, is a promising feature towards industrialization of the process. 

  • Souza Filho, Pedro Ferreira
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Zamani, Akram
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Edible Protein Production by Filamentous Fungi using Starch Plant Wastewater2018Inngår i: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The process to obtain starch from wheat requires high amounts of water, consequently generating large amounts of wastewater with very high environmental loading. This wastewater is traditionally sent to treatment facilities. This paper introduces an alternative method, where the wastewater of a wheat-starch plant is treated by edible filamentous fungi (Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oryzae) to obtain a protein-rich biomass to be used as e.g. animal feed. The wastewater was taken from the clarified liquid of the first and second decanter (ED1 and ED2, respectively) and from the solid-rich stream (SS), whose carbohydrate and nitrogen concentrations ranged between 15 and 90 and 1.25–1.40 g/L, respectively. A. oryzae showed better performance than R. oryzae, removing more than 80% of COD after 3 days for ED1 and ED2 streams. Additionally, 12 g/L of dry biomass with protein content close to 35% (w/w) was collected, demonstrating the potential of filamentous fungi to be used in wastewater valorization. High content of fermentable solids in the SS sample led to high production of ethanol (10.91 g/L), which can be recovered and contribute to the economics of the process.

  • Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Karimi, K.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology.
    Enzyme-based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: A review2007Inngår i: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 707-738Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews developments in the technology for ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials by "enzymatic" processes. Several methods of pretreatment of lignocelluloses are discussed, where the crystalline structure of lignocelluloses is opened up, making them more accessible to the cellulase enzymes. The characteristics of these enzymes and important factors in enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose and hemicellulose to cellobiose, glucose, and other sugars are discussed. Different strategies are then described for enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation, including separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF), simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), non-isothermal simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (NSSF), simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF), and consolidated bioprocessing (CBP). Furthermore, the by-products in ethanol from lignocellulosic materials, wastewater treatment, commercial status, and energy production and integration are reviewed.

  • Zidar, Josefina
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol, IFM Biol, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Campderrich, Irene
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Environm & Hlth, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden;Neiker Tecnalia, Dept Anim Prod, Vitoria 01080, Spain.
    Jansson, Emelie
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol, IFM Biol, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Wichman, Anette
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Environm & Hlth, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Winberg, Svante
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysiologi.
    Keeling, Linda
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Environm & Hlth, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Løvlie, Hanne
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol, IFM Biol, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Environmental complexity buffers against stress-induced negative judgement bias in female chickens2018Inngår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, artikkel-id 5404Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive processes are often biased by emotions. In humans, affective disorders are accompanied by pessimistic judgement, while optimistic judgement is linked to emotional stability. Similar to humans, animals tend to interpret ambiguous stimuli negatively after experiencing stressful events, although the long-lasting impact on judgement bias has rarely been investigated. We measure judgement bias in female chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus) after exposure to cold stress, and before and after exposure to additional unpredictable stressors. Additionally, we explore if brain monoamines can explain differences in judgement bias. Chicks exposed to cold stress did not differ in judgement bias compared to controls, but showed sensitivity to additional stressors by having higher motivation for social reinstatement. Environmental complexity reduced stress-induced negative judgement bias, by maintaining an optimistic bias in individuals housed in complex conditions even after stress exposure. Moreover, judgement bias was related to dopamine turnover rate in mesencephalon, with higher activity in individuals that had a more optimistic response. These results demonstrate that environmental complexity can buffer against negative effects of additive stress and that dopamine relates to judgement bias in chicks. These results reveal that both internal and external factors can mediate emotionally biased judgement in animals, thus showing similarities to findings in humans.

  • Roman, Erika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Brunberg, Ronja
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Mustafa, Arshi
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysiologi.
    Thörnqvist, Per-Ove
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysiologi.
    Winberg, Svante
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysiologi.
    Behavioral profiling using a modified version of the zebrafish multivariate concentric square field™ (zMCSF) test2018Inngår i: Measuring Behavior 2018: 11th International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research / [ed] Grant R, Allen T, Spink A, Sullivan M, 2018, s. 27-29Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Tjernström, Nikita
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Roman, Erika
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Characterization of behavior and voluntary alcohol intake in Wistar and Lister Hooded rats2018Inngår i: Measuring Behavior 2018: 11th International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research / [ed] Grant R, Allen T, Spink A, Sullivan M, 2018, s. 437-442Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Youngsukkasem, S.
    et al.
    Barghi, H.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Rakshit, S. K.
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Lakehead University.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Rapid biogas production by compact multi-layer membrane bioreactor: Efficiency of synthetic polymeric membranes2013Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 6, nr 12, s. 6211-6224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrapment of methane-producing microorganisms between semi-permeable synthetic membranes in a multi-layer membrane bioreactor (MMBR) was studied and compared to the digestion capacity of a free-cell digester, using a hydraulic retention time of one day and organic loading rates (OLR) of 3.08, 6.16, and 8.16 g COD/L day. The reactor was designed to retain bacterial cells with uprising plug flow through a narrow tunnel between membrane layers, in order to acquire maximal mass transfer in a compact bioreactor. Membranes of hydrophobic polyamide 46 (PA) and hydroxyethylated polyamide 46 (HPA) as well as a commercial membrane of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) were examined. While the bacteria in the free-cell digester were washed out, the membrane bioreactor succeeded in retaining them. Cross-flow of the liquid through the membrane surface and diffusion of the substrate through the membranes, using no extra driving force, allowed the bacteria to receive nutrients and to produce biogas. However, the choice of membrane type was crucial. Synthesized hydrophobic PA membrane was not effective for this purpose, producing 50-121 mL biogas/day, while developed HPA membrane and the reference PVDF were able to transfer the nutrients and metabolites while retaining the cells, producing 1102-1633 and 1016-1960 mL biogas/day, respectively.

  • Fisher, Matthew C.
    et al.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England.
    Ghosh, Pria
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England;North West Univ, Unit Environm Sci & Management, Private Bag x6001, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Shelton, Jennifer M. G.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England.
    Bates, Kieran
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England.
    Brookes, Lola
    Inst Zool, Regents Pk, London NW1 4RY, England.
    Wierzbicki, Claudia
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England.
    Rosa, Goncalo M.
    Inst Zool, Regents Pk, London NW1 4RY, England;Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, Ctr Ecol Evolut & Environm Changes CE3C, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Farrer, Rhys A.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England.
    Aanensen, David M.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England;Ctr Genom Pathogen Surveillance, Wellcome Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambs, England.
    Alvarado-Rybak, Mario
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Ctr Invest Sustentabilidad, Republ 440, Santiago, Chile.
    Bataille, Arnaud
    Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Lab Behav & Populat Ecol, Seoul 08826, South Korea;CIRAD, UMR ASTRE, F-34398 Montpellier, France;Univ Montpellier, ASTRE, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier, France.
    Berger, Lee
    James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Hlth Res Grp 1, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
    Böll, Susanne
    Agcy Populat Ecol & Nat Conservancy, Gerbrunn, Germany.
    Bosch, Jaime
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, C Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, E-28006 Madrid, Spain.
    Clare, Frances C.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England.
    Courtois, Elodie A.
    Univ Guyane, CNRS, IFREMER, LEEISA, Cayenne 97300, French Guiana.
    Crottini, Angelica
    Univ Porto, InBIO, CIBIO Ctr Invest Biodiversidade & Recursos Genet, P-4485661 Vairao, Portugal.
    Cunningham, Andrew A.
    Inst Zool, Regents Pk, London NW1 4RY, England.
    Doherty-Bone, Thomas M.
    Royal Zool Soc Scotland, Conservat Programmes, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Gebresenbet, Fikirte
    Oklahoma State Univ, Dept Integrat Biol, Life Sci West 113, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA.
    Gower, David J.
    Nat Hist Museum, Life Sci, London SW7 5BD, England.
    Höglund, Jacob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Zooekologi.
    James, Timothy Y.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
    Jenkinson, Thomas S.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
    Kosch, Tiffany A.
    Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Lab Behav & Populat Ecol, Seoul 08826, South Korea;James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Hlth Res Grp 1, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
    Lambertini, Carolina
    Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Lab Hist Nat Anfibios Brasileiros, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Laurila, Anssi
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Zooekologi.
    Lin, Chun-Fu
    Endem Species Res Inst, Zool Div, 1 Ming Shen East Rd, Nantou 552, Taiwan.
    Loyau, Adeline
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Conservat Biol, Permoserstr 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany;Univ Toulouse, CNRS, ECOLAB, INPT,UPS, Toulouse, France.
    Martel, An
    Univ Ghent, Dept Pathol Bacteriol & Avian Dis, Fac Vet Med, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.
    Meurling, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Zooekologi.
    Miaud, Claude
    Univ Paul Valery Montpellier, Univ Montpellier, PSL Res Univ, CEFE,UMR 5175,CNRS,EPHE,Biogeog & Ecol Vertebres, Montpellier, France.
    Minting, Pete
    Amphibian & Reptile Conservat ARC Trust, 655A Christchurch Rd, Bournemouth BH1 4AP, Dorset, England.
    Ndriantsoa, Serge
    Durrell Wildlife Conservat Trust, Madagascar Programme, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
    O'Hanlon, Simon J.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, St Marys Campus, London W2 1PG, England;Inst Zool, Regents Pk, London NW1 4RY, England.
    Pasmans, Frank
    Univ Ghent, Dept Pathol Bacteriol & Avian Dis, Fac Vet Med, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.
    Rakotonanahary, Tsanta
    Durrell Wildlife Conservat Trust, Madagascar Programme, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
    Rabemananjara, Falitiana C. E.
    Durrell Wildlife Conservat Trust, Madagascar Programme, Antananarivo, Madagascar;IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Grp Madagascar, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar.
    Ribeiro, Luisa P.
    Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Lab Hist Nat Anfibios Brasileiros, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Schmeller, Dirk S.
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Conservat Biol, Permoserstr 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany;Univ Toulouse, CNRS, ECOLAB, INPT,UPS, Toulouse, France.
    Schmidt, Benedikt R.
    Univ Zurich, Dept Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Winterthurerstr 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland;Univ Neuchatel, Info Fauna Karch, Bellevaux 51,UniMail Batiment 6, CH-2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland.
    Skerratt, Lee
    James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Hlth Res Grp 1, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
    Smith, Freya
    APHA, Natl Wildlife Management Ctr, Woodchester Pk GL10 3UJ, Glos, England.
    Soto-Azat, Claudio
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Ctr Invest Sustentabilidad, Republ 440, Santiago, Chile.
    Tessa, Giulia
    Nonprofit Assoc Zirichiltaggi Sardinia Wildlife C, Str Vicinale Filigheddu 62-C, I-07100 Sassari, Italy.
    Toledo, Luis Felipe
    Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Lab Hist Nat Anfibios Brasileiros, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Valenzuela-Sanchez, Andres
    Univ Andres Bello, Fac Ecol & Recursos Nat, Ctr Invest Sustentabilidad, Republ 440, Santiago, Chile;ONG Ranita Darwin, Nataniel Cox 152, Santiago, Chile.
    Verster, Ruhan
    North West Univ, Unit Environm Sci & Management, Private Bag x6001, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Vörös, Judit
    Hungarian Nat Hist Museum, Dept Zool, Collect Amphibians & Reptiles, Baross U 13, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary.
    Waldman, Bruce
    Seoul Natl Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Lab Behav & Populat Ecol, Seoul 08826, South Korea.
    Webb, Rebecca J.
    James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Hlth Res Grp 1, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
    Weldon, Che
    North West Univ, Unit Environm Sci & Management, Private Bag x6001, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Wombwell, Emma
    Inst Zool, Regents Pk, London NW1 4RY, England.
    Zamudio, Kelly R.
    Cornell Univ, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA.
    Longcore, Joyce E.
    Univ Maine, Sch Biol & Ecol, Orono, ME 04469 USA.
    Garner, Trenton W. J.
    Inst Zool, Regents Pk, London NW1 4RY, England;Nonprofit Assoc Zirichiltaggi Sardinia Wildlife C, Str Vicinale Filigheddu 62-C, I-07100 Sassari, Italy;North West Univ, Unit Environm Sci & Management, Private Bag x6001, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Development and worldwide use of non-lethal, and minimal population-level impact, protocols for the isolation of amphibian chytrid fungi2018Inngår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, artikkel-id 7772Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Parasitic chytrid fungi have emerged as a significant threat to amphibian species worldwide, necessitating the development of techniques to isolate these pathogens into culture for research purposes. However, early methods of isolating chytrids from their hosts relied on killing amphibians. We modified a pre-existing protocol for isolating chytrids from infected animals to use toe clips and biopsies from toe webbing rather than euthanizing hosts, and distributed the protocol to researchers as part of the BiodivERsA project RACE; here called the RML protocol. In tandem, we developed a lethal procedure for isolating chytrids from tadpole mouthparts. Reviewing a database of use a decade after their inception, we find that these methods have been applied across 5 continents, 23 countries and in 62 amphibian species. Isolation of chytrids by the non-lethal RML protocol occured in 18% of attempts with 207 fungal isolates and three species of chytrid being recovered. Isolation of chytrids from tadpoles occured in 43% of attempts with 334 fungal isolates of one species (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) being recovered. Together, these methods have resulted in a significant reduction and refinement of our use of threatened amphibian species and have improved our ability to work with this group of emerging pathogens.

  • Johansson, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska.
    Tredjespråksinlärning och metalingvistisk medvetenhet - ett didaktiskt perspektiv2018Inngår i: Tijdschrift voor Skandinavistiek, ISSN 1875-9505, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 182-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution deals with third language acquisition and metalinguistic awareness in relation to Swedish and Dutch. The use of posture verbs in the above-mentioned languages is outlined to exemplify the outcome of focusing on metalinguistic awareness in language acquisition as a didactic tool. The contribution will discuss the set up and results of a cloze test taken by Swedish-speaking learners of Dutch, which measures the accurate use of posture verbs.

  • Youngsukkasem, S.
    et al.
    Rakshit, S. K.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Biogas production by encapsulated methaneproducing bacteria2012Inngår i: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 56-65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Encapsulation of methane-producing bacteria was carried out with the objective of enhancing the rate of biogas production. Encapsulation with a one-step liquid-droplet-forming technique was employed for the natural membrane, resulting in spherical capsules with an average diameter and a membrane thickness of 4.3 and 0.2 mm, respectively. The capsules were made from alginate, using chitosan or Ca 2+ as counter-ions, together with the addition of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). A Durapore® membrane (hydrophilic PVDF) with a pore size of 0.1 μm was used for synthetic encapsulating sachets having width and length dimensions 3×3 and 3×6 cm 2 for holding the bacteria. During the digesting process, the dissolved substrates penetrated through the capsule membrane, and biogas inside the capsules was able to escape by diffusion. The results indicate encapsulation to be a promising method of digestion, with a high density of anaerobic bacteria. The method holds considerable potential for further development of membranes and their applications.

  • Strömbom, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Tillämpad matematik och statistik. Swansea Univ, Dept Biosci, Swansea, W Glam, Wales.
    King, Andrew J.
    Swansea Univ, Dept Biosci, Swansea, W Glam, Wales.
    Robot Collection and Transport of Objects: A Biomimetic Process2018Inngår i: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 5, artikkel-id 48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Animals as diverse as ants and humans are faced with the tasks of collecting, transporting or herding objects. Sheepdogs do this daily when they collect, herd, and maneuver flocks of sheep. Here, we adapt a shepherding algorithm inspired by sheepdogs to collect and transport objects using a robot. Our approach produces an effective robot collection process that autonomously adapts to changing environmental conditions and is robust to noise from various sources. We suggest that this biomimetic process could be implemented into suitable robots to perform collection and transport tasks that might include - for example - cleaning up objects in the environment, keeping animals away from sensitive areas or collecting and herding animals to a specific location. Furthermore, the feedback controlled interactions between the robot and objects which we study can be used to interrogate and understand the local and global interactions of real animal groups, thus offering a novel methodology of value to researchers studying collective animal behavior.

  • Sörlin, Sverker
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Reform and responsibility:: the climate of history in times of transformation2018Inngår i: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, ISSN 1504-2944-2018-01-02, Vol. 97, nr 1, s. 7-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)