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  • Disputation: 2018-12-19 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Shema, Jean Bosco
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    The adoption and implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Rwanda2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Redovisning har spelat en betydande roll i globaliseringen genom instrument som International Accounting Standard Board (IASB), International Federationen of Accountants (IFAC) och International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) vilka har harmoniserat global affärspraxis. Med spridningen av globalisering har beständigheten i lokala realiteter blivit en global fråga. Medan IFRS har införts över världen har den smidiga implementationen hämmats i lokala kontexter.

    Denna studie undersöker detta fenomen i den ruandiska kontexten genom att diskutera hur IFRS har införts av affärsbanker i Ruanda och i afrikanska länder söder om Sahara. I Ruanda influerades IFRS-införandet av landets ekonomiska kontext (trängande behov av rekonstruktion), social kontext (ruandier med olika redovisningstraditioner beroende på konflikten och migrationen av folk över regionen och i världen och deras återvändande till sitt hemland) och den politiska kontexten (kolonialt arv och redovisningsinitiativ från självständiga afrikanska stater och Ruandas regionala och internationella intergrationspolicies).

    Mina resultat indikerar att införandet av IFRS gjordes efter intensiva förberedelser och dess implementering övervakades eftersom man trodde att dessa standarder skulle katalysera regeringens ekonomiska utvecklingsmål. Resultaten visar också den dubbelriktade relationen mellan redovisning och den omgivning i vilken den verkar. Medan införandet av IFRS vacklade hos den rådande omgivningen, formade dessa standarder också en del av landets strategi för ekonomisk utveckling och en mekanism för att främja rättvisa bland dess medborgare.

    Resultaten visar också att professionaliseringen av redovisning var kontextbundenoch påverkades av redovisningsmiljön i Ruanda och att professionalisering bidrog till attförhindra och lösa konflikter hos redovisningspraktiker. Studien visar också attregeringen spelade en stor roll i utvecklandet av redovisning som profession.

  • Rehnberg, Mats
    Nordiska museet.
    Folkuniversitetskursen vid Nordiska museet vid Nordiska museet 19471948Ingår i: Fataburen: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1948, s. 209-2016Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Falkberget, Johan
    Nordiska museet.
    Broderfolkenes åndelige union: tal på Skansen vid härjedalens dag den 6 juli 19471948Ingår i: Fataburen: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1948, s. 201-208Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Disputation: 2018-12-17 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Virta, Sari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Managing tensions in creative content development work: Cases from the media industry2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling undersöker organisatoriska spänningar och hur företagsledningar hanterar dessa i arbetet med att utveckla det kreativa innehållet inom kreativa branscher, särskilt media. Studien fokuserar på den affärsdynamiska relationen och komplexiteten mellan existerande (exploitation) och framtida affärsexploatering (exploration), där spänningar mellan dessa blir frågor för ledningen. Avhandlingen bygger på dualitetersom det övergripande analytiska konceptet. Kombinationen av teoretiseringar av ambidextri, värdenätverk och hybrida organisationer används för att undersöka organisatoriska spänningar som dynamiska inbördes förhållanden mellan dualitetens element.

    Denna sammanläggningsavhandling bygger på tre kvalitativa fallstudier som resulterat i sex separata artiklar. Fallorganisationerna inkluderar ett företag inom public service, ett privat mediaföretag och ett samarbetsarrangemang i ett kluster av kreativa branscher. Det longitudinella empiriska datamaterialet består av dagboksanteckningar, intervjuer, dokumentation och observationer på plats.

    Studien ökar förståelsen för hur och varför organisatoriska spänningar utgör en krävande utmaning för etablerade företagsledningar. Dessa spänningar inte kan lösas som sådana; istället behöver de snarare styras ”med” än ”emot”. Studien bidrar till tidigare litteratur genom att kombinera teoretiska perspektiv för att skapa länkar mellan existerande synsätt på ambidextri. Angående kluster presenterar studien ny kunskap genom att skifta fokus från enbart samlokalisering till ett gemensamt värdeskapande genom samarbetsrelationer.

    Företagsledningar behöver i praktiken förutse, identifiera, utvärdera och navigera spänningar i kreativt arbete. Resultatet betonar den stora betydelsen av att hantera ömsesidigt beroende och verka för samexistens av långvariga komplexa spänningar

  • Christensen, M. J.
    et al.
    European Spallat Source, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Shelly, M.
    European Spallat Source, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nilsson, J.
    European Spallat Source, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Mukai, A.
    European Spallat Source, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Al Jebali, R.
    European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund; Glasgow Univ, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.
    Khaplanov, A.
    European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund.
    Lupberger, M.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Messi, F.
    European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund; Lund Univ, Lund.
    Pfeiffer, D.
    European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund; CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Piscitelli, F.
    European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund.
    Blum, T.
    Niels Bohr Inst, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sogaard, C.
    Niels Bohr Inst, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Skelboe, S.
    Niels Bohr Inst, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hall-Wilton, Richard
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion. European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund.
    Richter, T.
    European Spallat Source ERIC, Lund.
    Software-based data acquisition and processing for neutron detectors at European Spallation Source-early experience from four detector designs2018Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, E-ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 13, artikel-id T11002Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    European Spallation Source (ESS) will deliver neutrons at high flux for use in diverse neutron scattering techniques. The neutron source facility and the scientific instruments will be located in Lund, and the Data Management and Software Centre (DMSC), in Copenhagen. A number of detector prototypes are being developed at ESS together with its European in-kind partners, for example: SoNDe, Multi-Grid, Multi-Blade and Gd-GEM. These are all position sensitive detectors but use different techniques for the detection of neutrons. Except for digitization of electronics readout, all neutron data is anticipated to be processed in software. This provides maximum flexibility and adaptability and allows deep inspection of the raw data for commissioning which will reduce the risk of starting up new detector technologies. But it also requires development of high performance software processing pipelines and optimized and scalable processing algorithms. This report provides a description of the ESS system architecture for the neutron data path. Special focus is on the interface between the detectors and DMSC which is based on UDP over Ethernet links. The report also describes the software architecture for detector data processing and the tools we have developed, which have proven very useful for efficient early experimentation, and can be run on a single laptop. Processing requirements for the SoNDe, Multi-Grid, Multi-Blade and Ge-GEM detectors are presented and compared to event processing rates archived so far.

  • Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Martinsson, Lena
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Mulinari, Diana
    Lund Univ, Lund.
    Gender Equality and Beyond: At the Crossroads of Neoliberalism, Anti-Gender Movements, "European" Values, and Normative Reiterations in the Nordic Model2018Ingår i: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The social-democratic-inspired "Nordic model", with its agenda for gender equality, has been an important example for the development of political interventions to transform society but at the same time, it has functioned as an emerging gender normalising and stabilising structure. In the last decade it has also become the focus of antigender movements and ethno-nationalistic parties both as emblematic for the Nordic nations as well as a threat that must be destroyed to save the nation. This issue will elaborate further on gender equality as a node, a floating signifier in powerful and often contradictory discourses. We are inspired by scholarships of hope in a dialogue with articles that search for realistic utopias that might be considered to be "beyond gender equality". The included articles engage with the messiness and crossroads of gender equality in relation to the work-line, territories, neo-liberalism, religion, the crisis of solidarity and the success of anti-genderism agenda.

  • Shen, Dandan
    et al.
    Leibniz Inst Balt Sea Res, Sect Biol Oceanog, Warnemunde, Germany.
    Langenheder, Silke
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Limnologi.
    Juergens, Klaus
    Leibniz Inst Balt Sea Res, Sect Biol Oceanog, Warnemunde, Germany.
    Dispersal Modifies the Diversity and Composition of Active Bacterial Communities in Response to a Salinity Disturbance2018Ingår i: Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X, E-ISSN 1664-302X, Vol. 9, artikel-id 2188Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dispersal can influence the response of bacterial communities to environmental changes and disturbances. However, the extent to which dispersal contributes to the community response in dependence of the character and strength of the disturbance remains unclear. Here, we conducted a transplant experiment using dialysis bags in which bacterioplankton originating from brackish and marine regions of the Saint Lawrence Estuary were reciprocally incubated in the two environments for 5 days. Dispersal treatments were set-up by subjecting half of the microcosms in each environment to an exchange of cells between the marine and brackish assemblages at a daily exchange rate of 6% (v/v), and the other half of microcosms were kept as the nondispersal treatments. Bacterial 16S rRNA sequencing was then used to examine the diversity and composition of the active communities. Alpha diversity of the marine communities that were exposed to the brackish environment was elevated greatly by dispersal, but declined in the absence of dispersal. This indicates that dispersal compensated the loss of diversity in the marine communities after a disturbance by introducing bacterial taxa that were able to thrive and coexist with the remaining community members under brackish conditions. On the contrary, alpha diversity of the brackish communities was not affected by dispersal in either environment. Furthermore, dispersal led to an increase in similarity between marine and brackish communities in both of the environments, with a greater similarity when the communities were incubated in the brackish environment. These results suggest that the higher initial diversity in the brackish than in the marine starting community made the resident community less susceptible to dispersing bacteria. Altogether, this study shows that dispersal modifies the diversity and composition of the active communities in response to a salinity disturbance, and enables the local adjustment of specific bacteria under brackish environmental conditions.

  • Broglia, Laura
    et al.
    Materne, Solange
    Lecrivain, Anne-Laure
    Hahnke, Karin
    Le Rhun, Anaïs
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten). Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany; Department of Regulation in Infection Biology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, Germany; Department of Regulation in Infection Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Charpentier, Emmanuelle
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten). Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany; Department of Regulation in Infection Biology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, Germany; Institute for Biology, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany; Department of Regulation in Infection Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.
    RNase Y-mediated regulation of the streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B2018Ingår i: RNA Biology, ISSN 1547-6286, E-ISSN 1555-8584, Vol. 15, nr 10, s. 1336-1347Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Endoribonuclease Y (RNase Y) is a crucial regulator of virulence in Gram-positive bacteria. In the human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes, RNase Y is required for the expression of the major secreted virulence factor streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SpeB), but the mechanism involved in this regulation remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that the 5′ untranslated region of speB mRNA is processed by several RNases including RNase Y. In particular, we identify two RNase Y cleavage sites located downstream of a guanosine (G) residue. To assess whether this nucleotide is required for RNase Y activity in vivo, we mutated it and demonstrate that the presence of this G residue is essential for the processing of the speB mRNA 5′ UTR by RNase Y. Although RNase Y directly targets and processes speB, we show that RNase Y-mediated regulation of speB expression occurs primarily at the transcriptional level and independently of the processing in the speB mRNA 5′ UTR. To conclude, we demonstrate for the first time that RNase Y processing of an mRNA target requires the presence of a G. We also provide new insights on the speB 5′ UTR and on the role of RNase Y in speB regulation.

  • Reimer, C.
    et al.
    Univ Goettingen, Dept Anim Sci, Anim Breeding & Genet Grp, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany;Univ Goettingen, Ctr Integrated Breeding Res, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany.
    Rubin, Carl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sharifi, A. R.
    Univ Goettingen, Dept Anim Sci, Anim Breeding & Genet Grp, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany;Univ Goettingen, Ctr Integrated Breeding Res, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany.
    Ha, N. -T
    Weigend, S.
    Friedrich Loeffler Inst, Inst Farm Anim Genet, Holtystr 10, D-31535 Neustadt, Germany;Univ Goettingen, Ctr Integrated Breeding Res, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany.
    Waldmann, K. -H
    Distl, O.
    Univ Vet Med Fdn, Inst Anim Breeding & Genet, Bunteweg 17p, D-30559 Hannover, Germany.
    Pant, S. D.
    Charles Sturt Univ, Sch Anim & Vet Sci, Graham Ctr Agr Innovat, Locked Bag 588,Boorooma St, Wagga Wagga, NSW, Australia.
    Fredholm, M.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Vet & Anim Sci, Gronnegardsvej 3, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Schlather, M.
    Univ Mannheim, Sch Business Informat & Math, A5 6, D-68131 Mannheim, Germany;Univ Goettingen, Ctr Integrated Breeding Res, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany.
    Simianer, H.
    Univ Goettingen, Dept Anim Sci, Anim Breeding & Genet Grp, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany;Univ Goettingen, Ctr Integrated Breeding Res, Albrecht Thaer Weg 3, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany.
    Analysis of porcine body size variation using re-sequencing data of miniature and large pigs2018Ingår i: BMC Genomics, ISSN 1471-2164, E-ISSN 1471-2164, Vol. 19, artikel-id 687Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Domestication has led to substantial phenotypic and genetic variation in domestic animals. In pigs, the size of so called minipigs differs by one order of magnitude compared to breeds of large body size. We used biallelic SNPs identified from re-sequencing data to compare various publicly available wild and domestic populations against two minipig breeds to gain better understanding of the genetic background of the extensive body size variation. We combined two complementary measures, expected heterozygosity and the composite likelihood ratio test implemented in "SweepFinder", to identify signatures of selection in Minipigs. We intersected these sweep regions with a measure of differentiation, namely F-ST, to remove regions of low variation across pigs. An extraordinary large sweep between 52 and 61 Mb on chromosome X was separately analyzed based on SNP-array data of F-2 individuals from a cross of Goettingen Minipigs and large pigs. Results: Selective sweep analysis identified putative sweep regions for growth and subsequent gene annotation provided a comprehensive set of putative candidate genes. A long swept haplotype on chromosome X, descending from the Goettingen Minipig founders was associated with a reduction of adult body length by 3% in F-2 cross-breds. Conclusion: The resulting set of genes in putative sweep regions implies that the genetic background of body size variation in pigs is polygenic rather than mono-or oligogenic. Identified genes suggest alterations in metabolic functions and a possible insulin resistance to contribute to miniaturization. A size QTL located within the sweep on chromosome X, with an estimated effect of 3% on body length, is comparable to the largest known in pigs or other species. The androgen receptor AR, previously known to influence pig performance and carcass traits, is the most obvious potential candidate gene within this region.

  • Torres-Espinola, Francisco J.
    et al.
    Berglund, Staffan K.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik. Centre of Excellence for Paediatric Research EURISTIKOS, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Garcia, Salome
    Perez-Garcia, Miguel
    Catena, Andres
    Rueda, Ricardo
    Antonio Saez, Jose
    Campoy, Cristina
    Visual evoked potentials in offspring born to mothers with overweight, obesity and gestational diabetes2018Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 9, artikel-id e0203754Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Overweight, obesity, and gestational diabetes (GD) during pregnancy may negatively affect neurodevelopment in the offspring. However, the mechanisms are unclear and objective measures of neurodevelopment in infancy are scarce. We hypothesized that these maternal metabolic pathologies impair cortical visual evoked potentials (cVEPs), a proxy for visual and neuronal maturity.

    Design: The PREOBE study included 331 pregnant women stratified into four groups; normal weight (controls), overweight, obesity, and GD (the latter including mothers with normal weight, overweight and obesity). In a subsample of the offspring at 3 months (n = 157) and at 18 months (n = 136), we assessed the latencies and amplitudes of the P100 wave from cVEPs and calculated visual acuity.

    Results: At 3 months of age, visual acuity was significantly poorer in offspring born to GD mothers. At 18 months of age, there were no differences in visual acuity but infants born to GD mothers had significantly longer latencies of cVEPs when measured at 15', and 30' of arc. The group differences at 30' remained significant after confounder adjustment (mean [SD] 121.0 [16.0] vs. 112.6 [7.6] ms in controls, p = 0.007) and the most prolonged latencies were observed in offspring to GD mothers with concurrent overweight (128.9 [26.9] ms, p = 0.002) and obesity (118.5 [5.1] ms, p = 0.020).

    Conclusions: Infants born to mothers with GD, particularly those with concurrent overweight or obesity, have prolonged latencies of visual evoked potentials at 18 months of age, suggesting that this maternal metabolic profile have a long lasting, non-optimal, effect on infants' brain development.

  • Disputation: 2019-01-25 10:00 4301 Kollegiesalen, Stockholm
    Pham, Cong-Toan
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Assessment of energy storage systems for power system applications based on equivalent circuit modeling2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change triggered the rethinking of our current energy system. A restructuring is necessary and in progress with the goal to improve our energy supplychain in efficiency and sustainability. This has led to the increased use of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power. In 2017 wind power surpassed all other sources, including oil, nuclear, coal, except gas in terms of total installed capacity. Renewable energy sources became an integral part in our energy systemand will continue to grow in the future. However, what is often forgotten ist hat these sources introduce high variability in the provision of power. Variability implies a lack of control over the availability of electricity, which seldom matches with the concurrent demand. Energy storages have been highlighted as a viable solution in managing arising imbalances and maintaining the security of supply. Nevertheless, numerous technologies and application possibilities exist, each unique in their characteristics and requirements. Not every energy storage works in every situation, which naturally raises the question: How can we choose the optimal storage for any application?

    To answer this question we developed an unified model approach for all energy storages based on the equivalent circuit model. The key idea is to provide a direct way of comparing and assessing energy storages, i.e., by simulating and analyzing their performances for different applications. Differences in performance become visible in investigating the dynamic behavior. We proposed a general model, which effectively represents energy storages of different types (electrical, mechanical, hydraulicetc.) and includes their main characteristics (also non-linearity). Secondly, the proposed models have been validated through an experimental setup to test energy storages under changing operations. Subsequently, a sizing routine has been implemented to optimally size an energy storage system for any type of application. Based on this approach the energy storages can be easily compared and important key parameters such as efficiency, rated power, energy capacity etc., can be derived. Finally, the proposed models and methods are applied to various power system applications. A suitability index is introduced to measure the qualification of an individual energy storage for the selected applications. Alternatively, an evaluation method based on fuzzy logic has been explored. Both suitability index and fuzzy logic can effectively determine and rank the suitability of energy storages.

  • Rehnberg, Mats
    Nordiska museet.
    Singla slant, kronvägg och andra penninglekar1948Ingår i: Fataburen: Nordiska museet och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1948, s. 169-200Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Hobroh, Gunnar
    Nordiska museet.
    Sotarnas arbetsdräkt1948Ingår i: Fataburen: Nordiska museet och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1948, s. 159-168Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Disputation: 2018-12-18 13:15 B1014, Jönköping
    Zehra, Khizran
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Resource mobilization among informal entrepreneurs: A case of event planning industry of Pakistan2018Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling studerar resursmobilisering bland informella entreprenörer. Den kombinerar resursmobiliseringsperspektivet med teorier om socialt kapital och humankapital. Syftet är att förstå hur informella entreprenörer mobiliserar resurser med fokus på verksamhetens start och de tidiga åren i informella företags existens. Empiriskt är studien baserad på 15 fall från evenemangsbranschen i Pakistan. Studien bygger på halvstrukturerade intervjuer tillsammans med observationer och dokument. Genom systematisk kodning av det empiriska materialet skapas en konceptuell modell med fokus på informella entreprenöriella nätverk. Dessa nätverk är till stor del baserade på konkurrenters nätverk som stöder utbytet av resurser, som utbyte av kunskap, råvaror, idéer, möjligheter etc. De nya insikter som entreprenören får är att resursmobilisering inte är konkurrensbetonad utan snarare samarbetsbetonad hos informella entreprenörer. Denna samarbetsbaserade resursmobilisering baseras huvudsakligen på informell delning av gemensam kunskap för att nå de mål som entreprenören har med sitt företagande. Samarbetande resursmobilisering är ett alternativ till konkurrerande resursmobilisering, där flödet av resurser i nätverken ökar konkurrenskraften. Denna avhandling bidrar till förståelsen av den roll som socialt och human kapital spelar i resursmobiliserande aktiviteter i informella företag. Tillit och ömsesidigt utbyte av resurser fungerar som en förstärkande faktor för att gynna samarbetande resursmobilisering hos informella entreprenörer. Studien bidrar till litteraturen om informellt entreprenörskap och visar att informellt entreprenörskap inte ska betraktas som marginella aktiviteter utan snarare ses som en plattform där det finns en potential för entreprenöriella aktiviteter.

  • Egondi, Thaddaeus
    et al.
    Ettarh, Remare
    Kyobutungi, Catherine
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Rocklöv, Joacim
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Exposure to Outdoor Particles (PM2.5) and Associated Child Morbidity and Mortality in Socially Deprived Neighborhoods of Nairobi, Kenya2018Ingår i: Atmosphere, ISSN 2073-4433, E-ISSN 2073-4433, Vol. 9, nr 9, artikel-id 351Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Exposure to air pollution is associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the health burden related to ambient outdoor air pollution in sub-Saharan Africa remains unclear. This study examined the relationship between exposure to outdoor air pollution and child health in urban slums of Nairobi, Kenya. We conducted a semi-ecological study among children under 5 years of age from two slum areas and exposure measurements of particulate matter (PM2.5) at the village level were aligned to data from a retrospective cohort study design. We used logistic and Poisson regression models to ascertain the associations between PM2.5 exposure level and child morbidity and mortality. Compared to those in low-pollution areas (PM2.5 < 25 µg/m3), children in high-pollution areas (PM2.5 ≥ 25 µg/m3) were at significantly higher risk for morbidity in general (odds ratio (OR) = 1.25, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11–1.41) and, specifically, cough (OR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.20–1.48). Exposure to high levels of pollution was associated with a high child mortality rate from all causes (IRR = 1.22, 95% CI: 1.08–1.39) and respiratory causes (IRR = 1.12, 95% CI: 0.88–1.42). The findings indicate that there are associated adverse health outcomes with air pollution in urban slums. Further research on air pollution health impact assessments in similar urban areas is required.

  • D'Odorico, Paolo
    et al.
    Davis, Kyle Frankel
    Rosa, Lorenzo
    Carr, Joel A.
    Chiarelli, Davide
    Dell'Angelo, Jampel
    Gephart, Jessica
    MacDonald, Graham K.
    Seekell, David A.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Suweis, Samir
    Rulli, Maria Cristina
    The global Food-Energy-Water Nexus2018Ingår i: Reviews of geophysics, ISSN 8755-1209, E-ISSN 1944-9208, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 456-531Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Water availability is a major factor constraining humanity's ability to meet the future food and energy needs of a growing and increasingly affluent human population. Water plays an important role in the production of energy, including renewable energy sources and the extraction of unconventional fossil fuels that are expected to become important players in future energy security. The emergent competition for water between the food and energy systems is increasingly recognized in the concept of the "food-energy-water nexus." The nexus between food and water is made even more complex by the globalization of agriculture and rapid growth in food trade, which results in a massive virtual transfer of water among regions and plays an important role in the food and water security of some regions. This review explores multiple components of the food-energy-water nexus and highlights possible approaches that could be used to meet food and energy security with the limited renewable water resources of the planet. Despite clear tensions inherent in meeting the growing and changing demand for food and energy in the 21st century, the inherent linkages among food, water, and energy systems can offer an opportunity for synergistic strategies aimed at resilient food, water, and energy security, such as the circular economy.

  • Sporre, Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Women’s Human Rights in Sweden: a Feminist Ethical Perspective2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 288-310Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Sporre, Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Introduction2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 7-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Pillay, Miranda
    University of the Western Cape.
    Women in the Church: Solidarity in Suffering in the Context of HIV/AIDS2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 142-163Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Petterson, Lars
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Human Rights, Citizenship and Welfare: The Swedish Model2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 54-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Narrowe, Judith
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Socialantropologi.
    Othering from Within: Sometimes Other, Sometimes Not. On being a Young Turk in Sweden2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 164-178Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Dimberg, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Vaskulärbiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Osteoglycin - A switch from angiogenesis to T-cell recruitment?2018Ingår i: EBioMedicine, E-ISSN 2352-3964, Vol. 35, s. 22-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Howner, Katarina
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden; Natl Board Forens Med, Div Forens Psychiat Stockholm, Dept Forens Psychiat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andine, Peter
    Natl Board Forens Med, Div Forens Psychiat Gothenburg, Dept Forens Psychiat, Gothenburg, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychiat & Neurochem, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Sahlgrenska Acad,Ctr Eth Law & Mental Hlth, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Forens Psychiat Clin, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bertilsson, Goran
    Swedish Agcy Hlth Technol Assessment & Assessment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hultcrantz, Monica
    Swedish Agcy Hlth Technol Assessment & Assessment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindström, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Mowafi, Frida
    Swedish Agcy Hlth Technol Assessment & Assessment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Snellman, Alexandra
    Swedish Agcy Hlth Technol Assessment & Assessment, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hofvander, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Lund, Sweden.
    Mapping Systematic Reviews on Forensic Psychiatric Care: A Systematic Review Identifying Knowledge Gaps2018Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 9, artikel-id 452Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Forensic psychiatric care treats mentally disordered offenders who suffer mainly from psychotic disorders, although comorbidities such as personality disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, and substance abuse are common. A large proportion of these patients have committed violent crimes. Their care is involuntary, and their caregivers' mission is complex: not only to rehabilitate the patient, but also to consider their risk for reoffending and their risk to society. The objective of this overview of systematic reviews is to identify, appraise, and summarize the existing knowledge in forensic psychiatric care and identify knowledge gaps that require further research.

    Methods: We undertook a systematic literature search for systematic reviews in five defined domains considered important in daily clinical practice within the forensic psychiatric care: (1) diagnostic assessment and risk assessments; (2) pharmacological treatment; (3) psychological interventions; (4) psychosocial interventions, rehabilitation, and habilitation; and (5) restraint interventions. The target population was mentally disordered offenders (forensic psychiatric patients aged >15 years). Each abstract and full text review was assessed by two of the authors. Relevant reviews then were assessed for bias, and those with moderate or low risk of bias were included.

    Results: Of 38 systematic reviews meeting the inclusion criteria, only four had a moderate risk of bias. Two aimed to incorporate as many aspects of forensic psychiatric care as possible, one investigated non-pharmacological interventions to reduce aggression in forensic psychiatric care, and one focused on women with intellectual disabilities in forensic care. However, most of the primary studies included in these reviews had high risks of bias, and therefore, no conclusions could be drawn. All of our identified domains must be considered knowledge gaps.

    Conclusion: We could not answer any of our research questions within the five domains because of the high risk of bias in the primary studies in the included systematic reviews. There is an urgent need for more research on forensic psychiatric care since all of our studied domains were considered knowledge gaps.

  • Nadasen, Kathy
    University of Western Cape.
    A Profile of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Human Rights2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 245-272Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Pham, Cong-Toan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Månsson, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Technical assessment of energy storage systems for power system applications via suitability index approach (Part IV)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy storage systems provide several benets and services in optimizing the power grid's reliability, effciency and safety. However, the feasibility of energy storage systems varies dependent on the requirements of the applications. Technical limitations in design and type of the storage technology prevents a single storage type to perform equally well in all situations. Hence,it is essential to compare and measure the energy storages' usefulness anddetermine their optimal use. To address this issue this study introduces an indexing approach to evaluate the suitability of energy storages for power system applications. Four different energy storages (double-layer capacitor, flywheel, lead-acid battery, lithium-ion battery) are tested for four typical energy storage applications (frequency regulation, voltage support, capacity firming and energy time-shift). The suitability index allows a simple and intuitive way to compare and rank the suitability of energy storages.

  • Magnusson, Ulf
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Economic Equality, Civic Traditions and Human Rights2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 35-52Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Koopman, Nico
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Trinitarian Anthropology, Ubuntu and Human Rights2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 194-206Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Williams, Kathryn J.H.
    et al.
    Lee, Kate E.
    Hartig, Terry
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Sargent, Leisa D.
    Williams, Nicholas S.G.
    Johnson, Katherine A.
    Conceptualising creativity benefits of nature experience: Attention restoration and mind wandering as complementary processes2018Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 59, s. 36-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Accumulating evidence indicates that time spent in natural environments promotes creativity, but few researchers have considered how this occurs. We evaluate two candidate mechanisms, attention restoration and mind wandering. We compare the accounts in terms of attentional focus, brain network activation, cognitive effects, and the temporal progression of these processes across the stages of creativity. Based on this analysis, we propose that (1) gentle shifts between externally oriented soft fascination and internally oriented mind wandering can occur during nature experience; (2) this provides the basis for mutually reinforcing pathways that enhance attention control following nature experience; and (3) mind wandering might support additional benefits for creativity, including flexibility and new associations of ideas. We propose research to test the proposed pathways, including the conditions under which environments influence creativity, the ebb and flow of attention orientation during environmental experience, and the links between attentional focus, brain network activation and creativity.

  • Jeffner, Stina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Sociologi.
    Different Space for Action: a Way to Understand Rape2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 208-219Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Gröndahl, Jan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Curbing Women’s Suffrage: Expectations, Apprehensions and Strategies2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 77-101Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Conradie, Ernst M.
    University of the Western Cape.
    On a Human Rights Culture in a Global Era: Some Ecological Perspectives2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 311-333Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Nelson, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk. Mälardalens högskola.
    Henricson, Sofie
    Åbo universitet och Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland.
    Sverigesvenska och finlandssvenska handledningspraktiker2018Ingår i: Högskolepedagogisk utveckling i teori och praktik / [ed] Eva Ärlemalm-Hagsér och Marie Öhman, Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, Västerås , 2018, s. 63-78Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras handledningspraktiker vid universitet och högskolor i Sverige och i Finland ur ett jämförande perspektiv. Diskussionen bygger på de kommunikativa skillnader vi iakttagit mellan inspelningar av sverigesvenska och finlandssvenska handledningssamtal, bland annat vad gäller hur råd ges och tas emot, hur deltagarna hanterar den inneboende asymmetrin samt hur pronomen används under ett handledningssamtal. De empiriska observationerna av handledningspraktiker i autentiska handledningssamtal relateras till två svenskspråkiga högskolepedagogiska vägledningar för uppsatshandledning, en från Sverige och en från Finland. De kommunikativa skillnader vi noterat i de sverigesvenska och de finlandssvenska handledningssamtalen återspeglas i de två studerade handböckerna. Vad gäller såväl handledningssamtalen som handledningsmanualerna ser vi en större tendens till att tona ner asymmetrier och framhäva det kollektiva i de sverigesvenska handledningspraktikerna, medan de finlandssvenska handledningspraktikerna uppvisar en tydligare orientering mot individuellt ansvar och en mer oproblematisk inställning till de institutionella rollerna som handledare och student.

  • Clowes, Lindsay
    University of the Western Cape.
    The Vanishing Father: Changing Constructions of Fatherhood in Drum Magazine 1951–19652003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 220-244Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Terranova, Nadia
    et al.
    Merck Serono SA, Merck Inst Pharmacometr, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Smith, Mike K.
    Pfizer, Global Clin Pharmacol, Sandwich, Kent, England.
    Nordgren, Rikard
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Comets, Emmanuelle
    INSERM, UMR 1137, IAME, Paris, France; Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, IAME, UMR 1137, Paris, France.
    Lavielle, Marc
    Inria Ile De France, Paris, France;Ecole Polytech, Paris, France.
    Harling, Kajsa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Hooker, Andrew
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap.
    Sarr, Celine
    Pharmetheus, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Mentre, France
    INSERM, UMR 1137, IAME, Paris, France; Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, IAME, UMR 1137, Paris, France.
    Yvon, Florent
    EMBL European Bioinformat Inst, Cambridge, England; Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain.
    Swat, Maciej J.
    EMBL European Bioinformat Inst, Cambridge, England; Simcyp, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.
    The Standard Output: A Tool-Agnostic Modeling Storage Format2018Ingår i: CPT-PHARMACOMETRICS & SYSTEMS PHARMACOLOGY, ISSN 2163-8306, Vol. 7, nr 9, s. 543-546Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Botman, H Russel
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Human Dignity and Economic Globalization2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 20-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Socialantropologi.
    Pretending Democracy: Learning and Teaching Participation in Two Swedish Schools2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 128-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Lagerquist, Marshall
    Nordiska museet.
    En Julitarapsodi: godsherren som filantrop och patriark1948Ingår i: Fataburen: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1948, s. 141-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Deschasaux, Melanie
    et al.
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Murphy, Neil
    Julia, Chantal
    Hercberg, Serge
    Srour, Bernard
    Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle
    Latino-Martel, Paule
    Biessy, Carine
    Casagrande, Corinne
    Jenab, Mazda
    Ward, Heather
    Weiderpass, Elisabete
    Dahm, Christina C.
    Overvad, Kim
    Kyro, Cecilie
    Olsen, Anja
    Affret, Aurelie
    Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine
    Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    Kuehn, Tilman
    Boeing, Heiner
    Schwingshackl, Lukas
    Bamia, Christina
    Peppa, Eleni
    Trichopoulou, Antonia
    Masala, Giovanna
    Krogh, Vittorio
    Panico, Salvatore
    Tumino, Rosario
    Sacerdote, Carlotta
    Buen-de-Mesquita, Bas
    Peeters, Petra H.
    Hjartåker, Anette
    Rylander, Charlotta
    Skeie, Guri
    Ramon Quiros, J.
    Jakszyn, Paula
    Salamanca-Fernandez, Elena
    Maria Huerta, Jose
    Ardanaz, Eva
    Amiano, Pilar
    Ericson, Ulrika
    Sonestedt, Emily
    Huseinovic, Ena
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi.
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Wareham, Nick
    Bradbury, Kathryn E.
    Perez-Cornago, Aurora
    Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.
    Ferrari, Pietro
    Riboli, Elio
    Gunter, Marc J.
    Touvier, Mathilde
    Nutritional quality of food as represented by the FSAm-NPS nutrient profiling system underlying the Nutri-Score label and cancer risk in Europe: results from the EPIC prospective cohort study2018Ingår i: PLoS Medicine, ISSN 1549-1277, E-ISSN 1549-1676, Vol. 15, nr 9, artikel-id e1002651Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Helping consumers make healthier food choices is a key issue for the prevention of cancer and other diseases. In many countries, political authorities are considering the implementation of a simplified labelling system to reflect the nutritional quality of food products. The Nutri-Score, a five-colour nutrition label, is derived from the Nutrient Profiling System of the British Food Standards Agency (modified version) (FSAm-NPS). How the consumption of foods with high/low FSAm-NPS relates to cancer risk has been studied in national/regional cohorts but has not been characterized in diverse European populations.

    Methods and findings

    This prospective analysis included 471,495 adults from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC, 1992-2014, median follow-up: 15.3 y), among whom there were 49,794 incident cancer cases (main locations: breast, n = 12,063; prostate, n = 6,745; colon-rectum, n = 5,806). Usual food intakes were assessed with standardized country-specific diet assessment methods. The FSAm-NPS was calculated for each food/beverage using their 100-g content in energy, sugar, saturated fatty acid, sodium, fibres, proteins, and fruits/vegetables/legumes/nuts. The FSAm-NPS scores of all food items usually consumed by a participant were averaged to obtain the individual FSAm-NPS Dietary Index (DI) scores. Multi-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were computed. A higher FSAm-NPS DI score, reflecting a lower nutritional quality of the food consumed, was associated with a higher risk of total cancer (HRQ5 versus (Q1) = 1.07; 95% CI 1.03-1.10, P-trend < 0.001). Absolute cancer rates in those with high and low (quintiles 5 and 1) FSAm-NPS DI scores were 81.4 and 69.5 cases/10,000 person-years, respectively. Higher FSAm-NPS DI scores were specifically associated with higher risks of cancers of the colon-rectum, upper aerodigestive tract and stomach, lung for men, and liver and postmenopausal breast for women (all P < 0.05). The main study limitation is that it was based on an observational cohort using self-reported dietary data obtained through a single baseline food frequency questionnaire; thus, exposure misclassification and residual confounding cannot be ruled out.

    Conclusions

    In this large multinational European cohort, the consumption of food products with a higher FSAm-NPS score (lower nutritional quality) was associated with a higher risk of cancer. This supports the relevance of the FSAm-NPS as underlying nutrient profiling system for front-of-pack nutrition labels, as well as for other public health nutritional measures.

  • Amnå, Erik
    Göteborg University.
    More Representation or More Participation?: Challenges in Swedish Democracy2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 102-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Ackermann, Denise M
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Freedom of Religion and the Equality and Dignity of Women: A Christian Feminist Perspective2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 180-193Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Abrahams, J P
    University of the Western Cape.
    Sentiment and the Spread of A Human Rights Culture2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 274-287Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Sporre, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Botman, H RusselUniversity of Stellenbosch.
    Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Nylén, Anna-Maja
    Nordiska museet.
    En hedersgåva från staden Venedig1948Ingår i: Fataburen: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1948, s. 131-140Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Holmberg, Måns
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Dancila, Dragos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Rydberg, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Hjörvarsson, Björgvin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialfysik.
    Jansson, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Marattukalam, Jithin J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialfysik.
    Johansson, Niklas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Direct metal laser sintering printed millimeter and submillimeter waveguides2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Byenfeldt, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Elvin, Anders
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Influence of Probe Pressure on Ultrasound-Based Shear Wave Elastography of the Liver Using Comb-Push 2-D Technology2018Ingår i: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0301-5629, E-ISSN 1879-291XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been postulated that in the liver, applying increased probe pressure during ultrasound-based shear wave elastography (SWE) might lead to a false increase in the SWE result. We aimed to determine the influence of increased intercostal probe pressure when performing SWE of the liver. We also investigated the number of measurements required to achieve technically successful and reliable SWE examinations. This prospective, clinical study included 112 patients and 2240 SWE measurements of the liver. We applied probe pressure intercostally, to reduce the skin-to-liver capsule distance (SCD), which could stabilize the SWE signal and thus increase the number of technically successful measurements. We performed 10 measurements with maximum probe pressure and 10 with normal pressure in each patient. Thus, two analysis groups were compared for differences. Compared with normal pressure, maximum probe pressure significantly reduced the SCD (p < 0.001) and significantly increased the number of technically successful measurements from 981 to 1098, respectively (p < 0.001). The SWE results with normal and maximum probe pressure were 5.96 kPa (interquartile range: 2.41) and 5.45 kPa (interquartile range: 1.96), respectively (p < 0.001). In obese patients, a large SCD poses a diagnostic challenge for ultrasound SWE. We found that maximum intercostal probe pressure could reduce the SCD and increase the number of technically successful measurements, without falsely increasing the SWE result. Only three measurements were required to achieve technically successful and reliable SWE examinations.

  • Lindh, Magnus
    et al.
    Falster, Daniel S.
    Zhang, Lai
    Dieckmann, Ulf
    Brännström, Åke
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematik och matematisk statistik. Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.
    Latitudinal effects on crown shape evolution2018Ingår i: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 8, nr 16, s. 8149-8158Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Large variations in crown shape are observed across the globe, from plants with wide and deep crowns to those with leaves clustered at the top. While there have been advances in the large-scale monitoring of forests, little is known about factors driving variations in crown shape with environmental conditions. Previous theoretical research suggests a gradient in crown shape with latitude, due to the effects of sun angle. Yet, it remains unclear whether such changes are also predicted under competition. Using a size-structured forest-growth model that incorporates self-shading from plants and competitive shading from their neighbors, we investigate how changes in site productivity and sun angle shape crown evolution. We consider evolution in two traits describing the top-heaviness and width-to-height ratio of crowns, shaped by trade-offs reflecting the costs and benefits of alternative architectures. In top-heavy trees, most of the leaves are at the top half of the trunk. We show that, contrary to common belief, the angle of sun beams per se has only a weak influence on crown shapes, except at low site productivity. By contrast, reduced site productivity has a strong effect, with trees growing in less productive sites keeping their leaves closer to the ground. The crown width-to-height ratio is generally higher at a lower site productivity, but this trait is not strongly influenced by any environmental factor. This theoretical analysis brings into question established beliefs about the effects of latitude on crown shapes. By introducing geometry-related growth constraints caused by shading from both the surrounding forest and the tree on itself, and costs for constructing and maintaining a three-dimensional crown, our analysis suggests crown shapes may vary with latitude, mostly via effects on overall site productivity, and less because of the angle of the sun.

  • Samadaei, Emad
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Iranian, Mina
    Department of Engineering, Atlas Danesh Co, Iran.
    Reazanejad, Mohammad
    University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.
    Godina, Radu
    University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
    Pouresmaeil, Edris
    Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Single-phase active power harmonics filter by Op-Amp circuits and power electronics devices2018Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 12, artikel-id 4406Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a new structure for single-phase Active Power Harmonics Filter (APHF) with the simple and low-cost controller to eliminate harmonics and its side effects on low voltage grid. The proposed APHF includes an accurate harmonic detector circuit, amplifier circuit to trap tiny harmonics, switching driver circuit for precise synchronization, and inverter to create injection current waveform, which is extracted from reference signal. The control circuits are based on electrostatic devices consist of Op-Amp circuits. Fast dynamic, simplicity, low cost, and small size are the main features of Op-Amp circuits that are used in the proposed topology. The aim is removing the all grid harmonic orders in which the proposed APF injects an appropriate current into the grid in parallel way. The proposed control system is smart enough to compensate all range of current harmonics. A prototype is implemented in the power electronics laboratory and it is installed as parallel on a distorted grid by the non-linear load (15 APeak-Peak) to verify the compensating of harmonics. The harmonics are compensated from THD% = 24.48 to THD% = 2.86 and the non-sinusoidal waveform is renovated to sinusoidal waveform by the proposed APHF. The experimental results show a good accurate and high-quality performance. 

  • Disputation: 2019-01-11 10:00 21A347, Karlstad
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013).
    Nederbördsintensitet och andra faktorer som påverkar skyfallsskador2018Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige inträffar många skyfall och intensiva regn under sommarmånaderna. Det finns inga uppenbara geografiska mönster, vilket är en skillnad gentemot älv- eller sjööversvämningar där det vanligtvis är känt vilka områden som kan komma att översvämmas vid en viss vattennivå eller ett visst vattenflöde. För individer och samhällsaktörer innebär en skyfallshändelse i många fall en stor överraskning då skyfall utvecklas snabbt och dagens meteorologiska prognossystem i stort inte lyckas att prognosticera extrema regn korrekt med avseende på mängd, tid och plats. Vädervarningar kommer med kort varsel eller uteblir helt. Konsekvenserna av intensiv nederbörd och skyfall är främst översvämningar och erosionsskador på byggnader och infrastruktur, men även störningar och avbrott i olika samhällsfunktioner som kan påverka samhället och individer utanför det drabbade området.

    I denna avhandling har 15 år av försäkringsskadedata använts för att undersöka samband mellan nederbördsintensitet och skyfallsskador. Även påverkan av andra faktorer som topografi, bebyggelse och socioekonomiska aspekter har undersökts. Resultaten visar att regnintensitet under ett 60 minuters intervall i kombination med korta perioder av extrem intensitet, tillsammans med topografiska faktorer spelar en betydande roll vid uppkomsten av skador.

  • Kowlessur, Sudhirsen
    et al.
    Hu, Zhibin
    Heecharan, Jaysing
    Wang, Jianming
    Dai, Juncheng
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko O.
    Söderberg, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Zimmet, Paul
    Barengo, Noel C.
    Predictors of hypertension in Mauritians with normotension and prehypertension at baseline: a cohort study2018Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 7, artikel-id 1394Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Information on the predictors of future hypertension in Mauritians with prehypertension is scant. The aim of this study was to analyze the 5-year and 11-year risk of hypertension and its predictors in people with normotension and prehypertension at baseline in Mauritius in 1987. This was a retrospective cohort study of 883 men and 1194 women of Mauritian Indian and Mauritian Creole ethnicity, aged 25-74 years old, free of hypertension at baseline in 1987 with follow-up examinations in 1992 and 1998 using the same methodology. The main outcome was 5- and 11-year risk of hypertension. Odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. The 5-year risk of hypertension was 5.4-times higher in people with prehypertension compared with normotensive individuals at baseline. The corresponding odds for prehypertensive people at baseline regarding 11-year hypertension risk was 3.39 (95% CI 2.67-4.29) in the adjusted logistic regression models. Being of Creole ethnicity (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.09-1.86) increased the 11-year odds of hypertension compared with the Indian population. It is of importance to screen for people with prehypertension and implement strategies to reduce their systolic blood pressure levels to the recommended levels of 120/80 mmHg. Special attention needs to be given to Mauritians of Creole ethnicity.

  • Williams, Kathryn J. H.
    et al.
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Ecosyst & Forest Sci, Baldwin Spencer Bldg, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia.
    Lee, Kate E.
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Ecosyst & Forest Sci, Baldwin Spencer Bldg, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia.
    Hartig, Terry
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Sargent, Leisa D.
    UNSW, UNSW Business Sch, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Williams, Nicholas S. G.
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Ecosyst & Forest Sci, Baldwin Spencer Bldg, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia.
    Johnson, Katherine A.
    Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Sch Psychol Sci, Parkville, Vic, Australia.
    Conceptualising creativity benefits of nature experience: Attention restoration and mind wandering as complementary processes2018Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 59, s. 36-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Accumulating evidence indicates that time spent in natural environments promotes creativity, but few researchers have considered how this occurs. We evaluate two candidate mechanisms, attention restoration and mind wandering. We compare the accounts in terms of attentional focus, brain network activation, cognitive effects, and the temporal progression of these processes across the stages of creativity. Based on this analysis, we propose that (1) gentle shifts between externally oriented soft fascination and internally oriented mind wandering can occur during nature experience; (2) this provides the basis for mutually reinforcing pathways that enhance attention control following nature experience; and (3) mind wandering might support additional benefits for creativity, including flexibility and new associations of ideas. We propose research to test the proposed pathways, including the conditions under which environments influence creativity, the ebb and flow of attention orientation during environmental experience, and the links between attentional focus, brain network activation and creativity.