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  • Allahgholi, Aschkan
    et al.
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Becker, Julian
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Delfs, Annette
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Dinapoli, Roberto
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Goettlicher, Peter
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Greiffenberg, Dominic
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Henrich, Beat
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Hirsemann, Helmut
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Kuhn, Manuela
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Klanner, Robert
    Univ Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Klyuev, Alexander
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Krueger, Hans
    Univ Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    Lange, Sabine
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Laurus, Torsten
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Marras, Alessandro
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Mezza, Davide
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Mozzanica, Aldo
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Niemann, Magdalena
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Poehlsen, Jennifer
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Schwandt, Joern
    Univ Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Sheviakov, Igor
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Shi, Xintian
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Smoljanin, Sergej
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Steffen, Lothar
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Sztuk-Dambietz, Jolanta
    European XFEL, Schenefeld, Germany.
    Trunk, Ulrich
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Xia, Qingqing
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Zeribi, Mourad
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Zhang, Jiaguo
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Zimmer, Manfred
    Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    Schmitt, Bernd
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Graafsma, Heinz
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design. Deutsch Elekt Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany.
    The Adaptive Gain Integrating Pixel Detector at the European XFEL2019In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, ISSN 0909-0495, E-ISSN 1600-5775, Vol. 26, p. 74-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Adaptive Gain Integrating Pixel Detector (AGIPD) is an X-ray imager, custom designed for the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL). It is a fast, low-noise integrating detector, with an adaptive gain amplifier per pixel. This has an equivalent noise of less than 1keV when detecting single photons and, when switched into another gain state, a dynamic range of more than 10(4)photons of 12keV. In burst mode the system is able to store 352 images while running at up to 6.5MHz, which is compatible with the 4.5MHz frame rate at the European XFEL. The AGIPD system was installed and commissioned in August 2017, and successfully used for the first experiments at the Single Particles, Clusters and Biomolecules (SPB) experimental station at the European XFEL since September 2017. This paper describes the principal components and performance parameters of the system.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Asimakopoulou, Eleni M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bergeås Kuutmann, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bokan, Petar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P. O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Isacson, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Mårtensson, Mikael U. F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sales De Bruin, Pedro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Correlated long-range mixed-harmonic fluctuations measured in pp, p plus Pb and low-multiplicity Pb plus Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector2019In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 789, p. 444-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Correlations of two flow harmonics v(n) and v(m) via three- and four-particle cumulants are measured in 13 TeV pp, 5.02 TeV p+Pb, and 2.76 TeV peripheral Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The goal is to understand the multi-particle nature of the long-range collective phenomenon in these collision systems. The large non-flow background from dijet production present in the standard cumulant method is suppressed using a method of subevent cumulants involving two, three and four subevents separated in pseudorapidity. The results show a negative correlation between v(2) and v(3) and a positive correlation between v(2) and v(4) for all collision systems and over the full multiplicity range. However, the magnitudes of the correlations are found to depend on the event multiplicity, the choice of transverse momentum range and collision system. The relative correlation strength, obtained by normalisation of the cumulants with the < v(n)(2)> from a two-particle correlation analysis, is similar in the three collision systems and depends weakly on the event multiplicity and transverse momentum. These results based on the subevent methods provide strong evidence of a similar long-range multi-particle collectivity in pp, p+Pb and peripheral Pb+Pb collisions. (C) 2019 The Author. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • Dian, E.
    et al.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Budapest, Hungary; European Spallat Source ESS ERIC, Lund; Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Budapest, Hungary.
    Kanaki, K.
    European Spallat Source ESS ERIC, Lund.
    Khaplanov, A.
    European Spallat Source ESS ERIC, Lund.
    Kittelmann, T.
    European Spallat Source ESS ERIC, Lund.
    Zagyvai, P.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Budapest, Hungary; Budapest Univ Technol & Econ, Budapest, Hungary.
    Hall-Wilton, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design. European Spallat Source ESS ERIC, Lund.
    Suppression of intrinsic neutron background in the Multi-Grid detector2019In: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, E-ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 14, article id P01021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the key requirements for neutron scattering instruments is the Signal-toBackground ratio (SBR). This is as well a design driving requirement for many instruments at the European Spallation Source (ESS), which aspires to be the brightest neutron source of the world. The SBR can be effectively improved with background reduction. The Multi-Grid, a large-area thermal neutron detector with a solid boron carbide converter, is a novel solution for chopper spectrometers. This detector will be installed for the three prospective chopper spectrometers at the ESS. As the Multi-Grid detector is a large area detector with a complex structure, its intrinsic background and its suppression via advanced shielding design should be investigated in its complexity, as it cannot be naively calculated. The intrinsic scattered neutron background and its effect on the SBR is determined via a detailed Monte Carlo simulation for the Multi-Grid detector module, designed for the CSPEC instrument at the ESS. The impact of the detector vessel and the neutron entrance window on scattering is determined, revealing the importance of an optimised internal detector shielding. The background-reducing capacity of common shielding geometries, like side-shielding and end-shielding is determined by using perfect absorber as shielding material, and common shielding materials, like B4C and Cd are also tested. On the basis of the comparison of the effectiveness of the different shielding topologies and materials, recommendations are given for a combined shielding of the Multi-Grid detector module, optimised for increased SBR.

  • Claassen, Y. H. M.
    et al.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Surg, K6-R,POB 9600, NL-2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.
    Bastiaannet, E.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Surg, K6-R,POB 9600, NL-2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Med Oncol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Hartgrink, H. H.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Surg, K6-R,POB 9600, NL-2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.
    Dikken, J. L.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Surg, K6-R,POB 9600, NL-2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.
    de Steur, W. O.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Surg, K6-R,POB 9600, NL-2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.
    Slingerland, M.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Med Oncol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Verhoeven, R. H. A.
    Netherlands Comprehens Canc Org IKNL, Dept Res, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    van Eycken, E.
    Belgian Canc Registry, Brussels, Belgium.
    de Schutter, H.
    Belgian Canc Registry, Brussels, Belgium.
    Lindblad, M.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Surg Gastroenterol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedberg, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Upper Abdominal Surgery.
    Johnson, E.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Gastroenterol, Oslo, Norway;Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Paediat Surg, Oslo, Norway;Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Oslo, Norway.
    Hjortland, G. O.
    Univ Oslo, Inst Clin Med, Oslo, Norway.
    Jensen, L. S.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Surg, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Larsson, H. J.
    Natl Qual Improvement Programme RKKP, Danish Natl Registries, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Koessler, T.
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Dept Med Oncol, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Chevallay, M.
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Dept Surg, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Allum, W. H.
    Royal Marsden NHS Fdn Trust, Dept Surg, London, England.
    van de Velde, C. J. H.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Surg, K6-R,POB 9600, NL-2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.
    International comparison of treatment strategy and survival in metastatic gastric cancer2019In: BJS OPEN, ISSN 2474-9842, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 56-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundIn the randomized Asian REGATTA trial, no survival benefit was shown for additional gastrectomy over chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced gastric cancer with a single incurable factor, thereby discouraging surgery for these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate treatment strategies for patients with metastatic gastric cancer in daily practice in five European countries, along with relative survival in each country. MethodsNationwide population-based data from Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden were combined. Patients with primary metastatic gastric cancer diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 were included. The proportion of gastric resections performed and the administration of chemotherapy (irrespective of surgery) within each country were determined. Relative survival according to country was calculated. ResultsOverall, 15 057 patients with gastric cancer were included. The proportion of gastric resections varied from 81 per cent in the Netherlands and Denmark to 183 per cent in Belgium. Administration of chemotherapy was 392 per cent in the Netherlands, compared with 632 per cent in Belgium. The 6-month relative survival rate was between 390 (95 per cent c.i. 378 to 402) per cent in the Netherlands and 541 (521 to 569) per cent in Belgium. ConclusionThere is variation in the use of gastrectomy and chemotherapy in patients with metastatic gastric cancer, and subsequent differences in survival.

  • Crockett, D. C.
    et al.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Div Anaesthet, Oxford, England.
    Cronin, J. N.
    Kings Coll London, Ctr Human & Appl Physiol Sci, London, England.
    Bommakanti, N.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Div Anaesthet, Oxford, England;Columbia Univ, Vagelos Coll Phys & Surg, New York, NY USA.
    Chen, R.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Div Anaesthet, Oxford, England.
    Hahn, C. E. W.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Div Anaesthet, Oxford, England.
    Hedenstierna, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Hedenstierna laboratory. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Hedenstierna laboratory.
    Farmery, A. D.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Div Anaesthet, Oxford, England.
    Formenti, F.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Div Anaesthet, Oxford, England;Kings Coll London, Ctr Human & Appl Physiol Sci, London, England;Univ Nebraska, Dept Biomech, Omaha, NE 68182 USA.
    Tidal changes in PaO2 and their relationship to cyclical lung recruitment/derecruitment in a porcine lung injury model2019In: British Journal of Anaesthesia, ISSN 0007-0912, E-ISSN 1471-6771, Vol. 122, no 2, p. 277-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Tidal recruitment/derecruitment (R/D) of collapsed regions in lung injury has been presumed to cause respiratory oscillations in the partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2). These phenomena have not yet been studied simultaneously. We examined the relationship between R/D and PaO2 oscillations by contemporaneous measurement of lung-density changes and PaO2. Methods: Five anaesthetised pigs were studied after surfactant depletion via a saline-lavage model of R/D. The animals were ventilated with a mean fraction of inspired O-2 (FiO(2)) of 0.7 and a tidal volume of 10 ml kg(-1) Protocolised changes in pressure-and volume-controlled modes, inspiratory: expiratory ratio (I:E), and three types of breath-hold manoeuvres were undertaken. Lung collapse and PaO2 were recorded using dynamic computed tomography (dCT) and a rapid PaO2 sensor. Results: During tidal ventilation, the expiratory lung collapse increased when I: E <1 [mean (standard deviation) lung collapse = .7 (8.7)%; P<0.05], but the amplitude of respiratory PaO2 oscillations [ 2.2 (0.8) kPa] did not change during the respiratory cycle. The expected relationship between respiratory PaO2 oscillation amplitude and R/D was therefore not clear. Lung collapse increased during breath-hold manoeuvres at end-expiration and end-inspiration (14% vs 0.9-2.1%; P<0.0001). The mean change in PaO2 from beginning to end of breath-hold manoeuvres was significantly different with each type of breath-hold manoeuvre (P<0.0001). Conclusions: This study in a porcine model of collapse-prone lungs did not demonstrate the expected association between PaO2 oscillation amplitude and the degree of recruitment/derecruitment. The results suggest that changes in pulmonary ventilation are not the sole determinant of changes in PaO2 during mechanical ventilation in lung injury.

  • Sudyka, Joanna
    et al.
    Univ Warsaw, Ctr New Technol, Banacha 2c, PL-02097 Warsaw, Poland;Jagiellonian Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Gronostajowa 7, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Podmokla, Edyta
    Jagiellonian Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Gronostajowa 7, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Drobniak, Szymon M.
    Jagiellonian Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Gronostajowa 7, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Dubiec, Anna
    Polish Acad Sci, Museum & Inst Zool, Ul Wilcza 64, PL-00679 Warsaw, Poland.
    Arct, Aneta
    Jagiellonian Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Gronostajowa 7, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Gustafsson, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Cichon, Mariusz
    Jagiellonian Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Gronostajowa 7, PL-30387 Krakow, Poland.
    Sex-specific effects of parasites on telomere dynamics in a short-lived passerinethe blue tit2019In: The Science of Nature: Naturwissenschaften, ISSN 0028-1042, E-ISSN 1432-1904, Vol. 106, no 1-2, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parasitic infections potentially drive host's life-histories since they can have detrimental effects on host's fitness. Telomere dynamics is a candidate mechanism to underlie life-history trade-offs and as such may correlate with observed fitness reduction in infected animals. We examined the relationship of chronic infection with two genera of haemosporidians causing avian malaria and malaria-like disease with host's telomere length (TL) in a longitudinal study of free-ranging blue tits. The observed overall infection prevalence was 80% and increased with age, constituting a potentially serious selective pressure in our population. We found longer telomeres in individuals infected with a parasite causing lesser blood pathologies i.e. Haemoproteus compared to Plasmodium genus, but this only held true among males. Female TL was independent of the infection type. Our results indicate that parasitic infections could bring about other types of costs to females than to males with respect to TL. Additionally, we detected linear telomere loss with age, however a random regression analysis did not confirm significant heterogeneity in TL of first breeders and telomere shortening rates in further life.

  • Bergh, Stefan
    Landscape of the monuments: a study of the passage tombs in the Cúil Irra region1995Book (Other academic)
  • Breinl, Korbinian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Tech Univ Wien, Inst Hydraul Engn & Water Resources Management, Karlspl 13-222, A-1010 Vienna, Austria.
    Di Baldassarre, Giuliano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Space-time disaggregation of precipitation and temperature across different climates and spatial scales2019In: JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY-REGIONAL STUDIES, ISSN 2214-5818, Vol. 21, p. 126-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study region: This study focuses on two study areas: the Province of Trento (Italy; 6200 km(2)), and entire Sweden (447000km(2)). The Province of Trento is a complex mountainous area including subarctic, humid continental and Tundra climates. Sweden, instead, is mainly dominated by a subarctic climate in the North and an oceanic climate in the South. Study focus: Hydrological predictions often require long weather time series of high temporal resolution. Daily observations typically exceed the length of sub-daily observations, and daily gauges are more widely available than sub-daily gauges. The issue can be overcome by disaggregating daily into sub-daily values. We present an open-source tool for the non-parametric space-time disaggregation of daily precipitation and temperature into hourly values called spatial method of fragments (S-MOF). A large number of comparative experiments was conducted for both S-MOF and MOF in the two study regions. New hydrological insights for the region: Our experiments demonstrate the applicability of the univariate and spatial method of fragments in the two temperate/subarctic study regions where snow processes are important. S-MOF is able to produce consistent precipitation and temperature fields at sub-daily resolution with acceptable method related bias. For precipitation, although climatologically more complex, S-MOF generally leads to better results in the Province of Trento than in Sweden, mainly due to the smaller spatial extent of the former region.

  • Ahlström, Ida
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Edvardsson, Robert
    Linnaeus University, The University Administration.
    Rieloff, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, The University Library.
    Hantering av forskningsdata vid Linnéuniversitetet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett arbete för en övergång till ett öppet vetenskapssystem pågår både nationellt och inom EU. I Sverige är det Vetenskapsrådet som fått i uppdrag att ta fram riktlinjer för hur denna övergång ska genomföras, och målbilden är att ett sådant system ska vara på plats år 2025. Linnéuniversitetet har som myndighet ansvar att stödja sina anställda forskare vad gäller hantering av forskningsdata.

    För att få en bättre förståelse för hur forskningsdata hanteras vid lärosätet skickades en enkät ut till lärosätets forskare av gruppen som genomför en förstudie för inrättande av en Data Access Unit (DAU) vid Linnéuniversitetet. Gruppen består av personal från universitetsarkivet, universitetsbiblioteket, IT-avdelningen och Grants and Innovation Office. DAU kommer att stödja Linnéuniversitetets forskare i fråga om hantering, lagring, tillgängliggörande och bevarande av forskningsdata. Arbetet görs i samarbete med den nationella forsknings-infrastrukturen SND, Svensk Nationell Datatjänst

  • Artelius, Tore
    et al.
    Hernek, Robert
    Ängeby, Gisela
    Stenskepp och storhög: rituell tradition och social organisation speglad i skeppssättningar från bronsålder och storhögar från järnålder1994 (ed. 1. [uppl.])Book (Other academic)
  • Ekström, Camilla
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
    Hellman, FredrikSwedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Pavement Technology.Haraldsson, MattiasSwedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.
    Sammanställning av referat från Transportforum 20192019Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    VTI arrangerade Transportforum 9–10 januari 2019 i Linköping Konsert & Kongress. En konferens, som är störst i sitt slag i Norden och som 2019 innehöll 90 sessioner med en stor variation mellan ämnen. Temat för 2019 års inledande session var elektrifiering – möjligheter och utmaningar att nå klimatmålen.

  • Eriksson, Torkel
    Kärnan1993 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • Flodin, Barbro
    Hessensteinska huset: dokumentation i samband med restaurering 1983-19841998 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • Andersson, Gunnar
    Arkeologi i Attundaland1994Book (Other academic)
  • Mora sten och Mora stenar: en vägledning till ett märkligt nationalmonument1993Book (Other academic)
  • Svensson, Iréne
    Arkeologiskt fältarbete: en påfrestande historia1994Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Ferm, Olle
    et al.
    Johansson, Mats
    Rahmqvist, Sigurd
    Det medeltida Sverige. Bd 1, Uppland, 7, Attundaland: Bro [härad], Färingö [tingslag], Adelsö [socken], Sollentuna [härad]1992Book (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2019-03-08 10:00 Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Uppsala
    Backvall, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Constructing the Suburb: Swedish Discourses of Spatial Stigmatisation2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By exploring representations of place, this thesis treats practices of spatial stigmatisation in the context of segregated Swedish cities. In three papers, different aspects of stigmatisation and place-making are discussed and analysed, where the overarching ambition is to identify and critically deconstruct the ideology behind stigma as well as suggest ways of making representation positive. In other words, this thesis takes issue with the negative labels attached to certain urban areas by exploring dominant discursive trends and mechanisms, or techniques, of creating spatial stigma.

    Theoretically, the analysis is informed by postcolonial critical research on segregation and representations of people and place, where place-making is of particular importance. The case study consists of printed news media and political discourse concerning stigmatised urban areas in Sweden, and the method is inspired by critical discourse analysis.

    The empirical material covers a period of twenty years, and the analysis is particularly focused on constructions of ‘race’ and poverty and how these two dimensions intertwine. The main findings point to a dominant trend of representing stigmatised neighbourhoods as failed and miserable places that are not considered part of Sweden. They become racialised both through representations of the neighbourhoods as foreign and unintegrated places and through representations of the residents, usually categorised as the ‘immigrants’, as culturally different from ‘Swedes’.  There are signs of a more critical discourse which challenges the negative representations, but it remains weak compared to the predominance of the negative reporting.

  • Lindman, Gundela
    Svedjebruket i Munkeröd: ett exempel på periodiskt svedjebruk från yngre stenålder till medeltid i södra Bohusläns kustland1993Book (Other academic)
  • Arkeologi i Sverige. N.F. 21993Book (Other academic)
  • Jansson, Ulf
    Ekonomiska kartor 1800-1934: en studie av småskaliga kartor med information om markanvändning1993Book (Other academic)
  • Kaliff, Anders (Editor)
    En väg med historia: forntidens östgötar i nytt ljus1992Book (Other academic)
  • Ericson, Helena
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    A Salutogenic perspective on resistance training: a study on healthy old adult women2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people aged 60 years and over has doubled since 1980and the World Health Organization predicts that the population of over60s will reach 2 billion by the year 2050. An ageing population poses bothchallenges and opportunities for society and for individuals. Whilst theseare positive statements, increases in life spans do not directly lead to increasesin health spans. The naturally occurring ageing process can leadto reductions in functionality and, in order to address this, scholars haveargued the benefits of regularly engaging in physical activity, and especiallyresistance training. Therefore, an important challenge for modernsociety is to develop strategies that delay the onset of disease, such as interventionsthat include physical activity. This licentiate thesis investigatesolder women’s physical activity in a resistance training context and howthis affects different aspects of their health.The overall aim of the thesis is to explore healthy and physically activeolder women’s experiences of what maintains and enhances their healthafter starting resistance training.This thesis used a quantitative and a qualitative approach to investigatea group of old adult women. Data collection was structured in questionnaires(n=32) with one intervention group and one control group for thepaper I, and focus group interviews (n=14) in paper II. Paper I studied theeffects of resistance training on physically active and healthy olderwomen. Paper II relates to the women who continued to exercise after theresistance training intervention ended in order to explore their health resources.The theoretical framework used in this thesis is a movement towardshealth as explained by salutogenic theory.This thesis showed that resistance training has positive effects on psychologicalwell-being and is important because it not only benefits thosewho are physically inactive, but also those who are already physically activeand healthy.From a salutogenic perspective, physical activity provides a meaningful,comprehensible and manageable way for older women to engage in theongoing process of maintaining health.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-18 10:15 Sal IX, Uppsala
    Hatz, Sophia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Coercion and its Effects: Evidence from the Israel-Palestine Conflict2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Counterinsurgency, state repression and other forms of coercion have multiple adverse effects. Although a state’s use of threats and force should deter an opposition group, these measures often stimulate resistance. And although state-led coercion aims to influence an opposition group, coercive practices have social, economic and political consequences for civilians. This dissertation studies the efficacy and effects of coercive policies in the context of the Israel-Palestine conflict. The four composite essays investigate the impact of Israel’s practice of house demolition and construction of a separation barrier on Palestinians’ conflict preferences and use of violence, as well as the broader consequences of these policies for Palestinian communities. Essay I questions the conventional wisdom that the selective targeting of militants can be an effective counterinsurgency strategy. Through a survey of Palestinians, it demonstrates that house demolition can generate opposition to peace when it is perceived as indiscriminate in its targeting, even if it is selective by design. Essay II distinguishes between the mechanisms of collective threat and personal fear in state repression. In a longitudinal study of administrative demolition orders, it finds that orders issued against communal structures increase preferences for violence and militant political parties, suggesting that collective threats backfire. Essay III quantifies the economic consequences of counterinsurgency by measuring the separation barrier’s impact on Palestinian employment and wages. It further shows that this economic impact increases the rate of Israeli conflict fatalities, demonstrating that economic consequences of coercion can stimulate violent resistance. Essay IV conceptualises a state’s separation and exclusion of particular population groups as a general phenomenon and form of state repression. It draws on historical cases worldwide and presents the enclosure of Palestinian communities in special zones of the separation barrier as a contemporary example. The essays are empirical studies which use survey methods, quantitative analysis, principles of experimental design, qualitative sources and field work as a basis for description and explanation. As a whole, the dissertation contributes to the study of coercion by calling attention to understudied forms of coercion and identifying particular mechanisms by which threats and force can result in adverse effects.

  • Jönsson, Karna
    et al.
    Fagerström, Kåre
    Sten - i evighet: [bearbetad sten] : [historia, vittring, konservering] : ett fördjupningshäfte till en utställning om bearbetad sten1995Book (Other academic)
  • Ferm, Olle
    De högadliga godsen i Sverige vid 1500-talets mitt: geografisk uppbyggnad, räntestruktur, godsdrift och hushållning1990Book (Other academic)
  • Darphin, Jean-Paul
    Sockrets katedraler: en studie av sockerindustrins historia och arkitektur1994 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2019-03-08 13:15 Sal IX, Uppsala
    Axelsson, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Knowledge elicitation as abstraction of purposive behaviour2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers use knowledge elicitation methods to document expert knowledge for the primary purpose of understanding cognitive processes and with this understanding, technical solutions to resolve human factors issues can be produced. This dissertation offers a novel perspective on knowledge elicitation as an abstraction process. Such a theoretical framework has emerged by consolidating the ecological approach of Brunswikian psychology with the ideas of tacit and personal knowledge of Polanyian epistemology. Traditionally, knowledge elicitation has been considered an extraction process in which knowledge can be readily transferred from one individual to another. Here, this traditional position is rejected in favour of Polanyi’s premise that much of the knowledge individuals possess is tacit in nature, which implies that it cannot be documented easily, expressed in explicit form or explained. In this dissertation, knowledge is characterised as a personal process of knowing, highlighting context as a subjective knowledge structure of personal experiences that is formulated implicitly and indirectly over time through a dynamic interaction with the environment. Therefore, tacit knowledge cannot be articulated or shared; however, learners can be inspired by observing other individuals' purposive (i.e., goal-directed) behaviours and thus shape their own tacit knowledge once they practise the observed skills and develop conceptual understanding through reasoning about the learning process. Knowledge elicitation thereby makes use of observations, questions, or more structured process tracing methods in environments familiar to the observed individuals to elicit purposive behaviour from them. Accordingly, functional descriptions can be produced in this process that further conceptual understanding of a particular domain. Knowledge elicitation procedures are a powerful set of methods for reaching such functional descriptions. Moreover, by understanding the resulting knowledge elicitation data as an abstraction derived from multiple collection points in the same environment, the focus shifts from purely subjective mental constructs to the impact of environmental constraints.

  • Public defence: 2019-03-08 09:15 A1:111a, Uppsala
    Liljeruhm, Josefine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology.
    Exotic Ribosomal Enzymology2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis clarifies intriguing enzymology of the ribosome, the multiRNA/multiprotein complex that catalyzes protein synthesis (translation). The large ribosomal RNAs (23S and 16S rRNAs in E. coli) are post-transcriptionally modified by many specific modification enzymes, yet the functions of the modifications remain enigmatic. A deeper insight into two of the 23S rRNA S-adenosyl-methionine-requiring methyltransferase enzymes, RlmM and RlmJ, was given by investigating substrate specificity in vitro. Both enzymes were able to methylate in vitro-transcribed, modification-free, protein-free, 2659-nucleotide-long 23S rRNA. Furthermore, RlmM was able to methylate the 611-nucleotide-long Domain V of the 23S rRNA alone and RlmJ could modify the A2030 with only 25 surrounding nucleotides.

    Translation is evolutionary optimized to incorporate L-amino acids to the exclusion of D-amino acids in the cell. To understand how, and how to engineer around this restriction for pharmacological applications, detailed kinetics of ribosomal dipeptide formation with D- versus L-phenylalanine-tRNA were determined. This was done by varying the concentrations of EF-Tu (which delivers aminoacyl-tRNAs to the ribosome) and the ribosome, as well as changing the tRNA adaptor. Binding to EF-Tu was shown to be rate limiting for D-Phe-tRNA at a low concentration of EF-Tu. Surprisingly, at a higher (physiological) concentration of EF-Tu, binding and subsequent dipeptide synthesis became so efficient that D-Phe incorporation became competitive with L-Phe, and accommodation/peptide bond formation was unmasked as a new rate-limiting step. This highlighted the importance of D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase in restricting translation with D-amino acids in vivo.

    Although polypeptides are intrinsically colorless, it is remarkable that evolution has nevertheless enabled ribosomes to synthesize highly colored proteins (chromoproteins). Such eukaryotic proteins reside in coral reefs and undergo self-catalyzed, intramolecular, chromophore formation by reacting with oxygen in a manner highly similar to that of green fluorescent protein. The potential utility of different colored chromoproteins in E. coli was analyzed via codon-optimized over-expression and quantification of maturation times, color intensities and cellular fitness costs. No chromoprotein was found to have the combined characteristics of fast maturation, intense color and low fitness cost. However, semi-rational mutagenesis created different colored variants with identical fitness costs suitable for competition assays and teaching.

  • Public defence: 2019-03-12 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Margarita, Cristiana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Enantio- and Regioselective Iridium-Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Olefins: From Development to Total Synthesis2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The work presented in this thesis concerns the iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of cyclic olefins and allylic alcohols for the preparation of useful chiral intermediates with various substitution patterns. The strategy provides stereocontrol for both non-functionalized as well as functionalized substrates and aims to be implemented in the stereoselective preparation of chiral building blocks having more than one stereocenter. The first part (Chapter 2) is focused on the asymmetric hydrogenation of 1,4-cyclohexadienes bearing a number of different functionalities. The development of a novel set of imidazole-based Ir-N,P catalyst enabled the efficient and enantioselective hydrogenation of prochiral substrates. In addition, the challenging regioselective mono-hydrogenation of only one of the two trisubstituted double bonds of the diene was accomplished.

    The sequential preparation of chiral cyclic allylsilanes by means of iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation and their employment in the Hosomi-Sakurai reaction was also studied (Chapter 3). Several patterns of alkyl substitution on the prochiral olefins were evaluated and the hydrogenation afforded the allylsilanes in high conversions and excellent enantiomeric excesses. These chiral silanes were then used in the TiCl4-promoted allylation of aldehydes, which took place with high diastereoselectivity.

    In Chapter 4, the kinetic resolution of allylic alcohols via asymmetric hydrogenation is described. High selectivity was observed for a broad range of substrates using a combination of an Ir-N,P catalyst and K2CO3 under mild reaction conditions. This highly efficient process is complementary to our previously reported asymmetric hydrogenation/DKR protocol. The final part (Chapter 5) covers the application of Ir-catalyzed hydrogenations as key steps in total synthesis. A sequential strategy involving enantio- and regioselective hydrogenations was successfully employed in the synthesis of the natural sesquiterpene (-)-Juvabione. In the following project, two allylic alcohols were hydrogenated to prepare chiral intermediates for a convergent formal synthesis of the renin inhibitor Aliskiren. 

  • Abghari, Shahrooz
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    Ericsson AB.
    Shaikh, Junaid
    Ericsson AB.
    Outlier Detection for Video Session Data Using Sequential Pattern Mining2018In: ACM SIGKDD Workshop On Outlier Detection De-constructed, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of Internet video and over-the-top transmission techniqueshas enabled online video service providers to deliver highquality video content to viewers. To maintain and improve thequality of experience, video providers need to detect unexpectedissues that can highly affect the viewers’ experience. This requiresanalyzing massive amounts of video session data in order to findunexpected sequences of events. In this paper we combine sequentialpattern mining and clustering to discover such event sequences.The proposed approach applies sequential pattern mining to findfrequent patterns by considering contextual and collective outliers.In order to distinguish between the normal and abnormal behaviorof the system, we initially identify the most frequent patterns. Thena clustering algorithm is applied on the most frequent patterns.The generated clustering model together with Silhouette Index areused for further analysis of less frequent patterns and detectionof potential outliers. Our results show that the proposed approachcan detect outliers at the system level.

  • García Martín, Eva
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Casalicchio, Emiliano
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    How to Measure Energy Consumption in Machine Learning Algorithms2018In: Green Data Mining, International Workshop on Energy Efficient Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: ECMLPKDD 2018: European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases Workshops. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Cham, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Machine learning algorithms are responsible for a significant amount of computations. These computations are increasing with the advancements in different machine learning fields. For example, fields such as deep learning require algorithms to run during weeks consuming vast amounts of energy. While there is a trend in optimizing machine learning algorithms for performance and energy consumption, still there is little knowledge on how to estimate an algorithm’s energy consumption. Currently, a straightforward cross-platform approach to estimate energy consumption for different types of algorithms does not exist. For that reason, well-known researchers in computer architecture have published extensive works on approaches to estimate the energy consumption. This study presents a survey of methods to estimate energy consumption, and maps them to specific machine learning scenarios. Finally, we illustrate our mapping suggestions with a case study, where we measure energy consumption in a big data stream mining scenario. Our ultimate goal is to bridge the current gap that exists to estimate energy consumption in machine learning scenarios.

  • García Martín, Eva
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Casalicchio, Emiliano
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Hoeffding Trees with nmin adaptation2018In: The 5th IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA 2018), IEEE, 2018, p. 70-79Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Machine learning software accounts for a significant amount of energy consumed in data centers. These algorithms are usually optimized towards predictive performance, i.e. accuracy, and scalability. This is the case of data stream mining algorithms. Although these algorithms are adaptive to the incoming data, they have fixed parameters from the beginning of the execution. We have observed that having fixed parameters lead to unnecessary computations, thus making the algorithm energy inefficient.In this paper we present the nmin adaptation method for Hoeffding trees. This method adapts the value of the nmin pa- rameter, which significantly affects the energy consumption of the algorithm. The method reduces unnecessary computations and memory accesses, thus reducing the energy, while the accuracy is only marginally affected. We experimentally compared VFDT (Very Fast Decision Tree, the first Hoeffding tree algorithm) and CVFDT (Concept-adapting VFDT) with the VFDT-nmin (VFDT with nmin adaptation). The results show that VFDT-nmin consumes up to 27% less energy than the standard VFDT, and up to 92% less energy than CVFDT, trading off a few percent of accuracy in a few datasets.

  • Westphal, Florian
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Efficient document image binarization using heterogeneous computing and parameter tuning2018In: International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition, ISSN 1433-2833, E-ISSN 1433-2825, Vol. 21, no 1-2, p. 41-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of historical document analysis, image binarization is a first important step, which separates foreground from background, despite common image degradations, such as faded ink, stains, or bleed-through. Fast binarization has great significance when analyzing vast archives of document images, since even small inefficiencies can quickly accumulate to years of wasted execution time. Therefore, efficient binarization is especially relevant to companies and government institutions, who want to analyze their large collections of document images. The main challenge with this is to speed up the execution performance without affecting the binarization performance. We modify a state-of-the-art binarization algorithm and achieve on average a 3.5 times faster execution performance by correctly mapping this algorithm to a heterogeneous platform, consisting of a CPU and a GPU. Our proposed parameter tuning algorithm additionally improves the execution time for parameter tuning by a factor of 1.7, compared to previous parameter tuning algorithms. We see that for the chosen algorithm, machine learning-based parameter tuning improves the execution performance more than heterogeneous computing, when comparing absolute execution times. © 2018 The Author(s)

  • Angelova, Milena
    et al.
    Technical University of Sofia-branch Plovdiv, BUL.
    Vishnu Manasa, Devagiri
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    Linde, Peter
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Biblioteket.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
    An Expertise Recommender SystemBased on Data from an InstitutionalRepository (DiVA)2018In: Proceedings of the 22nd edition of the International Conference on ELectronic PUBlishing, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Finding experts in academics is an important practical problem, e.g. recruiting reviewersfor reviewing conference, journal or project submissions, partner matching for researchproposals, finding relevant M. Sc. or Ph. D. supervisors etc. In this work, we discuss anexpertise recommender system that is built on data extracted from the Blekinge Instituteof Technology (BTH) instance of the institutional repository system DiVA (DigitalScientific Archive). DiVA is a publication and archiving platform for research publicationsand student essays used by 46 publicly funded universities and authorities in Sweden andthe rest of the Nordic countries (www.diva-portal.org). The DiVA classification system isbased on the Swedish Higher Education Authority (UKÄ) and the Statistic Sweden's (SCB)three levels classification system. Using the classification terms associated with studentM. Sc. and B. Sc. theses published in the DiVA platform, we have developed a prototypesystem which can be used to identify and recommend subject thesis supervisors inacademy.

  • Beskow-Sjöberg, Margareta
    Ölands järnåldersgravfält. Vol. 3, Vickleby, Resmo, Mörbylånga, Kastlösa, Sandby, Stenåsa och Hulterstad1996Book (Other academic)
  • Chatzipetrou, Panagiota
    et al.
    Software Engineering Research Lab Sweden, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Ouriques, Raquel
    Software Engineering Research Lab Sweden, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Gonzalez-Huerta, Javier
    Software Engineering Research Lab Sweden, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Approaching the Relative Estimation Concept with Planning Poker2018In: CSERC '18 The 7th Computer Science Education Research Conference, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, October 10 - 12, 2018: The 7th Computer Science Education Research Conference, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, October 10 - 12, 2018, ACM Digital Library, 2018, p. 21-25Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation is a powerful instrument in the education process that can help students experience a reality context and understand complex concepts required to accomplish practitioners’ tasks. The present study aims to investigate the software engineering students’ perception about the usefulness of the Planning Poker technique in relation to their understanding of the relative estimation concept. We conducted a simulation exercise where students first estimated tasks applying the concepts of relative estimation based on the concepts explained in the lecture, and then to estimate tasks applying the Agile Planning Poker technique. To investigate the students’ perception, we used a survey at the end of each exercise. The preliminary results did not show statistical significance on the students’ confidence to estimate relatively the user stories. However, from the students’ comments and feedback, there are indications that students are more confident in using Agile Planning Poker when they are asked to estimate user stories. The study will be replicated in the near future to a different group of students with a different background, to have a better understanding and also identify possible flaws of the exercise.

  • Ejlli, Damian
    et al.
    Thandlam, Venugopal
    Department of Physics, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia.
    Graviton-photon mixing2019In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 99, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Questions de genre au Portugal: le cas d’Agustina Bessa-Luís2019In: Iberic@l, ISSN 2260-2534, Vol. 1, no 13, p. 155-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Nous nous proposons d’analyser l’impact des questions de genre et des études sur les femmes dans le monde académique portugais et, notamment, dans la littérature portugaise, ceci en nous penchant sur le cas particulier de l’écrivaine : Agustina Bessa-Luís. Nous tenterons de démontrer combien, encore aujourd’hui, les questions soulevées par la théorie du genre ou, plus précisément, par le féminin-féminisme, sont encore frappées par une forme de « doxa culturelle » au Portugal.

  • Grund Bäck, Lina
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building Technology.
    Lagerbielke, Erika
    Linneus University, Sweden.
    ETERNAL GLASS. Rapport - studie om återvinning av glas2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I vilken omfattning kan ökad återvinning av glas leda till minskad energianvändningoch minskade koldioxidutsläpp vid glasproduktion, minskad miljöpåverkan genomdeponi samt på lång sikt möjligen minskad brytning av icke-förnyelsebar naturråvara?

  • Public defence: 2019-03-08 14:00 F3, Stockholm
    Zhou, Yushan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Fusion Plasma Physics.
    Impact of Surface Structures onDeposition and Erosion in a Tokamak2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fusion is a potentially unlimited and environmentally friendly energy source for human society in the future. However, along the way towards the application of fusion energy there are still unresolved complications. Among them, deposition and erosion are two critical issues. Deposition of fuel and impurities brings potential long-term fuel retention which may generate safety issues and limit the economic efficiency of fusion devices. Moreover, the erosion of the vacuum vessel wall in a fusion device generates impurities which contaminate core plasma and can restrict the life time of plasma facing component. The work in this thesis focuses on deposition and erosion on tiles in the JET-ILW project, which consist of tungsten (or tungsten coating carbon fibre composited) in the divertor and beryllium in limiters.

    For the deposition issue, micro ion beam analysis (µ-IBA) was used for observing deuterium and beryllium distributions over tile surfaces. The surface topography was obtained from SEM, optical microscope and confocal laser scan microscope. Distribution maps from IBA were compared with surface topography. To explain experimental results, modelling of ion trajectories was applied on real and artificial surfaces. Micro IBA results show that deuterium and beryllium accumulated in depressed areas, e.g. pits, cracks or craters. Modelling implies that ion gyration, surface roughness and inclination of the magnetic field could to some extent explain this non-uniform distribution of deuterium and beryllium. The same kind of issue, although on different scale length, occurs also for penetration of impurities into artificial castellation grooves, also studied experimentally in the thesis.

    For the erosion issue, the thesis includes analysis of a limiter marker tile which is designed for observing material erosion in JET. A new method to acquire erosion data from such marker tiles is proposed, by combining micro IBA and SEM image.  This method could separate the influence on IBA from roughness, a problem in applying IBA on rough surface. Similar Technique is applied to improve the interpretation of IBA measurements of deep penetration of deuterium into layered surface structures.

  • Vandersteen, Wendy E.
    et al.
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, 4160 Marine Dr, W Vancouver, BC V7V 1N6, Canada;Miracle Springs Inc, 12443 Stave Lake Rd, Mission, BC V2V 0A6, Canada.
    Leggatt, Rosalind
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, 4160 Marine Dr, W Vancouver, BC V7V 1N6, Canada.
    Sundström, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. Fisheries & Oceans Canada, 4160 Marine Dr, W Vancouver, BC V7V 1N6, Canada.
    Devlin, Robert H.
    Fisheries & Oceans Canada, 4160 Marine Dr, W Vancouver, BC V7V 1N6, Canada.
    Importance of Experimental Environmental Conditions in Estimating Risks and Associated Uncertainty of Transgenic Fish Prior to Entry into Nature2019In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Salmonids show a high degree of phenotypic plasticity that can differ among genotypes, and this variation is one of the major factors contributing to uncertainty in extrapolating laboratory-based risk assessment data to nature. Many studies have examined the relative growth and survival of transgenic and non-transgenic salmonids, and the results have been highly variable due to genotype x environment interactions. The relative survival of fast- and slow-growing strains can reverse depending on the environment, but it is not clear which specific environmental characteristics are driving these responses. To address this question, two experiments were designed where environmental conditions were varied to investigate the contribution of rearing density, food amount, food type, habitat complexity, and risk of predation on relative growth and survival of fast-growing transgenic and slow-growing wild-type coho salmon. The first experiment altered density (high vs. low) and food amount (high vs. low). Density impacted the relative growth of the genotypes, where transgenic fish grew more than non-transgenic fish in low density streams, regardless of food level. Density also affected survival, with high density causing increased mortality for both genotypes, but the mortality of transgenic relative to non-transgenic fish was lower within the high-density streams, regardless of food level. The second experiment altered habitat complexity (simple vs. complex), food type (artificial vs. natural), amount of food (normal vs. satiation), and risk of predation (present vs. absent). Results from this experiment showed that genotype affected growth and survival, but genotype effects were modulated by one or more environmental factors. The effect of genotype on survival was influenced by all examined environmental factors, such that no predictable trend in relative survival of transgenic versus non-transgenic fry emerged. This was primarily due to variations in survival of non-transgenic fish under different environmental conditions (non-transgenic fry had highest survival in hatchery conditions, and lowest survival in complex conditions with natural food fed at a normal level with or without predators). Transgenic fry survival was only significantly influenced by predator presence. The effects of genotype on mass and length were significantly modulated by food type only. Transgenic fry were able to gain a large size advantage over non-transgenic fish when fed artificial food under all habitat types. These experiments support the observations of dynamic responses in growth and survival depending on the environment, and demonstrate the challenge of applying laboratory-based experiments to risk assessment in nature.

  • Larfors, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Lukas, Andre
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PU, England.
    Ruehle, Fabian
    Univ Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Ctr Theoret Phys, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PU, England.
    Calabi-Yau manifolds and SU(3) structure2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, article id 171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that non-trivial SU(3) structures can be constructed on large classes of Calabi-Yau three-folds. Specifically, we focus on Calabi-Yau three-folds constructed as complete intersections in products of projective spaces, although we expect similar methods to apply to other constructions and also to Calabi-Yau four-folds. Among the wide range of possible SU(3) structures we find Strominger-Hull systems, suitable for heterotic or type II string compactifications, on all complete intersection Calabi-Yau manifolds. These SU(3) structures of Strominger-Hull type have a non-vanishing and non-closed three-form flux which needs to be supported by source terms in the associated Bianchi identity. We discuss the possibility of finding such source terms and present first steps towards their explicit construction. Provided suitable sources exist, our methods lead to Calabi-Yau compactifications of string theory with a non Ricci-flat, physical metric which can be written down explicitly and in analytic form.

  • Andrén, Erik
    The Nordic Museum.
    Gamla prästgården i Härkebärga by1956In: Fataburen: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1956, p. 7-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Leidzen, Jenny
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Nikell, Jessica
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Företagarens guide till lönsamt miljöarbete2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Castillo, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Ivarsson Westerberg, Anders
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Ängsliga byråkrater eller professionella pragmatiker?: Administrativa effekter av statens indirekta styrning av kommunerna2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapportens syfte är att undersöka och diskutera vilka administrativa effekter den indirekta statliga styrningen ger i den kommunala verksamheten. Kommunernas verksamheter styrs av en mängd olika styrsignaler, där styrningen sker i form av direkt, indirekt och efterhandsstyrning. Statliga myndigheter har i detta en roll som uttolkare, översättare och förmedlare av styrning. Studien visar att den komplexa styrbilden, mängden aktörer som är involverade i den indirekta styrningen, hörsammandet av efterhandsstyrningen och dominansen av ängsliga byråkrater och duktiga administratörer tillsammans bidrar till en överproduktion av administration inom skola, förskola och primärvård.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Asimakopoulou, Eleni M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bergeås Kuutmann, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bokan, Petar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P. O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Isacson, Max F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Mårtensson, Mikael U. F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sales De Bruin, Pedro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Search for doubly charged scalar bosons decaying into same-sign W boson pairs with the ATLAS detector2019In: European Physical Journal C, ISSN 1434-6044, E-ISSN 1434-6052, Vol. 79, no 1, article id 58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A search for doubly charged scalar bosons decaying into W boson pairs is presented. It uses a data sample from proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1fb-1 collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 13TeV in 2015 and 2016. This search is guided by a model that includes an extension of the Higgs sector through a scalar triplet, leading to a rich phenomenology that includes doubly charged scalar bosons H +/-+/-. Those bosons are produced in pairs in proton-proton collisions and decay predominantly into electroweak gauge bosons H +/-+/- W +/- W +/-. Experimental signatures with several leptons, missing transverse energy and jets are explored. No significant deviations from the Standard Model predictions are found. The parameter space of the benchmark model is excluded at 95% confidence level for H +/-+/- bosons with masses between 200 and 220 GeV.

  • Public defence: 2019-03-06 13:00 1440, Stockholm
    Koller, Marius
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Supporting Patients and Therapists in Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     This thesis explores challenges for the design of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) systems. Exposure therapy is the established method for treatment of anxiety disorders and is typically delivered in-vivo, i.e. exposure to phobic stimulus in real environments. Virtual reality (VR), instead, offers the potential to conduct exposure therapy at the clinic. This approach has several benefits in terms of efficiency, customization and control, amount of exposure, and as an transition phase to real situations. However, currently many systems are limited in scope and are designed for research purposes without informing the design from therapist's practices. 

    My research aims to contribute towards the understanding of current practices in exposure therapy and investigates challenges for the design of these systems for the two main user groups, patients and therapists. Three different focus areas have been prevalent. First, we have studied therapist in real sessions to inform the design and development of VRET-systems. Second, we have evaluated two different VRET implementations supporting therapists to interact with patients. Third, on the patient's side, we have studied presence on healthy participants focusing on the influence of virtual bodies and patient movement in VR.

    This thesis summarises and discusses these studies. Overall, the studies emphasize the complexity of exposure therapy and the need for individualized patient conditions. This poses multiple challenges for the design of VRET-systems such as, first, the systems must offer flexibility to the therapists to orchestrate individualized therapy. Second, the systems must enable rich therapists-patient interaction. Third, the complexity of individualization of scenarios and sessions must be addressed in the design of the therapist's interface. Fourth, for patients, body avatars influences presence differently depending on the scenario and locomotion is challenging as offices are typically small.

  • Aaboud, M.
    et al.
    Asimakopoulou, Eleni M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bergeås Kuutmann, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bokan, Petar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brenner, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ekelöf, Tord
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ellert, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ferrari, Arnaud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Gradin, P. O. Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Isacson, Max F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Mårtensson, Mikael U. F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sales De Bruin, Pedro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zwalinski, L.
    Search for pairs of highly collimated photon-jets in pp collisions at root s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector2019In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 99, no 1, article id 012008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of a search for the pair production of photon-jets-collimated groupings of photons-in the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider are reported. Highly collimated photon-jets can arise from the decay of new, highly boosted particles that can decay to multiple photons collimated enough to be identified in the electromagnetic calorimeter as a single, photonlike energy cluster. Data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.7 fb(-1), were collected in 2015 and 2016. Candidate photon-jet pair production events are selected from those containing two reconstructed photons using a set of identification criteria much less stringent than that typically used for the selection of photons, with additional criteria applied to provide improved sensitivity to photon-jets. Narrow excesses in the reconstructed diphoton mass spectra are searched for. The observed mass spectra are consistent with the Standard Model background expectation. The results are interpreted in the context of a model containing a new, high-mass scalar particle with narrow width, X, that decays into pairs of photon-jets via new, light particles, a. Upper limits are placed on the cross section times the product of branching ratios sigma x B(X -> aa) x B(a -> gamma gamma)(2) for 200 GeV < m(X) < 2 TeV and for ranges of m(a) from a lower mass of 100 MeV up to between 2 and 10 GeV, depending upon m(X). Upper limits are also placed on sigma x B(X -> aa) x B(a -> 3 pi(0))(2) for the same range of m(X) and for ranges of m(a) from a lower mass of 500 MeV up to between 2 and 10 GeV.