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  • Gustafsson, Mats
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Blomqvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Bennet, Cecilia
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Enviroment and traffic analysis.
    Wear particles from road pavements with rubber mixed bitumen: comparison with reference pavement2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studded tyre wear of road pavements causes emissions of inhalable particles (PM10). Allowed concentration of PM10 is regulated by an EU directive which is implemented in an environmental quality standard in Sweden. One way of reducing pavement wear particles is to adjust the properties of the road pavement. In the present project the effect on particle emission from mixing milled tyre rubber into the pavement bitumen has been investigated. Tests were made by the VTI road simulator using two pavement constructions containing rubber (GAP11 and GAÖ11) and one reference pavement (ABS11). GAP=GAR (Gap Graded Asphalt Rubber), ABS=SMA (Stone Mastic Asphalt) and GAÖ=OGAR (Open Graded Asphalt Rubber). The concentrations and size distributions of the emitted particles were measured.

    The results show that GAP11 causes lower PM10 concentrations (in this laboratory environment 20–25%) than the reference pavement ABS11, while the GAÖ11 does not differ from the reference. Size distributions show that PM10 has a bi-modal distribution with two mass maxima at 4–5 and 7–8 μm. GAP11 decreases the mass size distribution mainly in the finer mode, while GAÖ11 seems to affect mainly the coarser mode. Ultrafine particles are emitted during all tests and have number distribution maxima at around 20–30 nm. These particles are formed in the interaction between tyre studs and pavement and/or tyre rubber. Higher speed generates higher concentrations of ultrafine particles.

    All in all, the results indicate a lowering effect on PM10 emissions caused by GAP11, while the GAÖ11 does not seem to lower the emissions as compared to the reference pavement ABS11.

  • De Geer, Erik
    Migration: Migration in the World 1846-1996. The Main Trends with Particular Reference to Europe and Sweden. A Cartographic Approach2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 347-366 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Andersson, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet.
    Modern demography: Trends in Childbearing and Nuptiality in Sweden, 1961(71)-19972001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 387-408 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2017-04-25 10:15 K3, Kåkenhus, Norrköping
    Volkov, Anton
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ionic and electronic transport in electrochemical and polymer based systems2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrochemical systems, which rely on coupled phenomena of the chemical change and electricity, have been utilized for development an interface between biological systems and conventional electronics. The development and detailed understanding of the operation mechanism of such interfaces have a great importance to many fields within life science and conventional electronics. Conducting polymer materials are extensively used as a building block in various applications due to their ability to transduce chemical signal to electrical one and vice versa. The mechanism of the coupling between the mass and charge transfer in electrochemical systems, and particularly in conductive polymer based system, is highly complex and depends on various physical and chemical properties of the materials composing the system of interest.

    The aims of this thesis have been to study electrochemical systems including conductive polymer based systems and provide knowledge for future development of the devices, which can operate with both chemical and electrical signals. Within the thesis, we studied the operation mechanism of ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT), which have been previously utilized to modulate delivery of charged molecules. We analysed the different operation modes of IBJT and transition between them on the basis of detailed concentration and potential profiles provided by the model.

    We also performed investigation of capacitive charging in conductive PEDOT:PSS polymer electrode. We demonstrated that capacitive charging of PEDOT:PSS electrode at the cyclic voltammetry, can be understood within a modified Nernst-Planck-Poisson formalism for two phase system in terms of the coupled ion-electron diffusion and migration without invoking the assumption of any redox reactions whatsoever.

    Further, we studied electronic structure and optical properties of a self-doped p-type conducting polymer, which can polymerize itself along the stem of the plants. We performed ab initio calculations for this system in undoped, polaron and bipolaron electronic states. Comparison with experimental data confirmed the formation of undoped or bipolaron states in polymer film depending on applied biases.

    Finally, we performed simulation of the reduction-oxidation reaction at microband array electrodes. We showed that faradaic current density at microband array electrodes increases due to non-linear mass transport at microscale compared to the corresponding macroscale systems. The studied microband array electrode was used for developing a laccase-based microband biosensor. The biosensor revealed improved analytical performance, and was utilized for in situ phenol detection.

  • Lundberg, Anna
    History of diseases: Women and Venereal Disease. A Case Study of Female Illicit Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century Västernorrland, Sweden2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 327-344 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    History of diseases: Patterns of Polio. Incidence and Mortality at the National Level in Sweden 1905-19602001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 309-326 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Gíslason, Stefán (Editor)
    Bragadóttir, Hrafnhildur (Editor)
    The Nordic Bioeconomy Initiative, NordBio: Final report2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Bioeconomy Initiative, NordBio, was a cooperation program launched under Iceland’s presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2014, with the aim to accelerate the development of a sustainable bioeconomy in the Nordic countries, and to enhance Nordic influence on European and global bioeconomy policies.

    The NordBio program was based on cross-sectoral cooperation with the involvement of five Nordic Councils of Ministers and three governmental ministries in Iceland. One important result of this cooperation was the establishment of a Nordic Bioeconomy Panel, tasked with developing a common Nordic bioeconomy strategy, expected to be finalised before the end of 2017.

    This report is the final report of the NordBio program. It contains a summary of the main outcomes of the program, including its projects, the Nordic Bioeconomy Panel, and the closing conference of the program.

  • Thorvaldson, Gunnar
    University of Tromsø .
    Urban mortality: Northern, Eastern or Urban Penalty? Aspects of late 19th Century Mortality in the North of Norway.2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 289-306 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Urban Mortality: Adult Mortality and Childhood Conditions. Long-Term Effects of Urban Life in 19th-Century Sweden2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 247-268 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Giritly Nygren, Katarina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Gidlund, Katarina LMid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Mitt, ditt och vårt universitet: Att förstå något gemensamt2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • Widén, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Britt-Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Infectious Diseases.
    Ronne-Engström, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
    Enblad, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
    Westman, Gabriel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Infectious Diseases.
    Ventriculostomy-related infections in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients - a retrospective study of incidence, etiology, and antimicrobial therapy2017In: Acta Neurochirurgica, ISSN 0001-6268, E-ISSN 0942-0940, Vol. 159, no 2, 317-323 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was performed to investigate the incidence and etiology of ventriculostomy-related infections (VRIs) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to assess adherence to local clinical guidelines regarding empirical antimicrobial therapy and diagnostic routines. A total of 191 consecutive SAH patients treated in the neuro-intensive care unit of Uppsala University Hospital between 2010 and 2013 were included retrospectively. Information regarding cerebrospinal fluid samples, bacterial cultures, ventriculostomy treatment, patient characteristics, and antibiotic treatment were collected from electronic patient records. Eleven patients developed VRI, resulting in an incidence of 5.8% per patient, 5.4% per ventriculostomy catheter, and 4.1 per 1000 catheter days. Coagulase-negative staphylococci caused nine cases of VRI and Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus caused one each. Empirical VRI therapy was initiated on 97 occasions in 81 subjects (42.4%). Out of the 11 patients with VRI, four did not receive empirical antibiotic therapy before the positive culture result. The clinical actions performed after analysis of CSF samples were in line with the action suggested by the local guidelines in 307 out of 592 cases (51.9%). The incidence of VRI in our cohort was comparable to what has previously been reported. Coagulase-negative staphylococci was the most common agent. Our study demonstrates the difficulty in diagnosing VRI in SAH patients. Improved adherence to clinical guidelines could to some extent reduce the use of empirical antibiotic treatment, but better diagnostic methods and routines are needed.

  • Henriksson, Dorcus Kiwanuka
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ayebare, Florence
    Makerere Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Coll Hlth Sci, Kampala, Uganda..
    Waiswa, Peter
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.;Makerere Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Coll Hlth Sci, Kampala, Uganda..
    Peterson, Stefan Swartling
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Makerere Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Coll Hlth Sci, Kampala, Uganda..
    Tumushabe, Elly K.
    Mukono Dist Local Govt, Mukono, Uganda..
    Fredriksson, Mio
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    Enablers and barriers to evidence based planning in the district health system in Uganda; perceptions of district health managers2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, 103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The District Health System was endorsed as the key strategy to achieve 'Health for all' during the WHO organized inter-regional meeting in Harare in 1987. Many expectations were put upon the district health system, including planning. Although planning should be evidence based to prioritize activities, in Uganda it has been described as occurring more by chance than by choice. The role of planning is entrusted to the district health managers with support from the Ministry of Health and other stakeholders, but there is limited knowledge on the district health manager's capacity to carry out evidence-based planning. The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and enablers to evidence-based planning at the district level.

    Methods: This qualitative study collected data through key informant interviews with district managers from two purposefully selected districts in Uganda that have been implementing evidence-based planning. A deductive process of thematic analysis was used to classify responses within themes.

    Results: There were considerable differences between the districts in regard to the barriers and enablers for evidence-based planning. Variations could be attributed to specific contextual and environmental differences such as human resource levels, date of establishment of the district, funding and the sociopolitical environment. The perceived lack of local decision space coupled with the perception that the politicians had all the power while having limited knowledge on evidence-based planning was considered an important barrier.

    Conclusion: There is a need to review the mandate of the district managers to make decisions in the planning process and the range of decision space available within the district health system. Given the important role elected officials play in a decentralized system a concerted effort should be made to increase their knowledge on evidence-based planning and the district health system as a whole.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-20 13:00 Gröjersalen, hus 3, Kräftriket, Stockholm
    Johansson, Janet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    “Sweat is weakness leaving the body”: A study on the self-presentational practices of sporty top managers in Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Embracing the symbolic interactionist view of the notion of self, applying dramaturgical theories of self-presentation, this study unpacks the linkage between leaders’ lifestyle behaviours (in athletic endeavours) and the formation of their sense of self as occupants of the leadership role from a self-expressive perspective.  I conducted a study of a group of sporty top managers in Sweden. With interviews and observations, I anchored the research focus in verbal expressions within storytelling and in performative expressions of the top managers. Drawing on social interpretations of sport and athleticism and with a dramaturgical analytical frame, I examine how the sporty top managers interpret their athletic endeavours to express important values, beliefs and concerns to express ‘whom they want to become’ as occupants of the leadership role.

    The analysis shows that lifestyle behaviours in athletic endeavours serve as a new source of self-meanings with which the sporty top managers create and express wishful notions about themselves as occupants of the leadership role. By incorporating athletic values with their distinctive understanding of a ‘good leader’, the top managers seek to present themselves with an idealized image of ‘athletic leaders’. In this process, the top managers outline a role-script that is mainly characterized with self-disciplinary qualities and masculine values, they define the leadership context with athleticism in the centre, and they express an overt intent to elevate some people and exclude others in organizational processes based on athletic values in which they personally believe. Hence, the process of formation of self as ‘athletic leaders’ is not only ‘self-relevant’, but it is personally, interpersonally and socially (organizationally) meaningful. The analysis also shows that the top managers seek to give legitimacy and an elitist status to the idealized view of self by using expressive strategies to appropriate their appearances, regulate emotions and bodily senses, and mould a gendered self-image.  

    This thesis contributes to leadership studies in several ways. First, the study expands on extant literature theorizing the linkage between lifestyle behaviours and the formation of sense of self as occupants of the leadership role from a new angle. It contends that lifestyle behaviours such as athletic endeavours have become a prime site where business leaders express creative narratives regarding an idealized view of themselves. Second, this study further advocates that the formation of sense of self of leaders is not a simple outcome of different forms of regulative discursive regime.  Rather, this process involves creative self-reflexive activities that address individuals’ personally held values, their distinctive pursuits in becoming an idealized leader, relations with others, and some prevailing leadership notions that they believe to be closely associated with the nature of lifestyle behaviours in which they engage and commit. Third, this study confirms the notion that the formation of the understanding of self of leaders is not only a function of verbal expressive devices, but that it also involves individuals’ performative strategies in ‘expressive control’ (e.g. Down & Reveley, 2009; Goffman, 1959). This thesis adds to understanding this point of view through a discussion of self-presentational practices in non-work related activities. Finally and most importantly, this study suggests that the process of formation of the sense of self of business leaders is expressive of meanings on personal, interpersonal and social dimensions in its own right. That is, through creating new self-meanings in micro-level practices in lifestyle behaviours, the occupants of the leadership role define the situational characteristics (the leadership context), express intentions to enact the power feature of inclusion and exclusion of others; generate new understanding of the leadership role, and they reproduce and strengthen some prevailing leadership ideals.

  • Clausen, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
    Hansson, Hans-Arne
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Biomed, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Raud, Johan
    Lantmannen AS Faktor AB, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Marklund, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
    Intranasal Administration of the Antisecretory Peptide AF-16 Reduces Edema and Improves Cognitive Function Following Diffuse Traumatic Brain Injury in the Rat2017In: Frontiers in Neurology, ISSN 1664-2295, E-ISSN 1664-2295, Vol. 8, 39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A synthetic peptide with antisecretory activity, antisecretory factor (AF)-16, improves injury-related deficits in water and ion transport and decreases intracranial pressure after experimental cold lesion injury and encephalitis although its role in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is unknown. AF-16 or an inactive reference peptide was administrated intranasally 30 min following midline fluid percussion injury (mFPI; n = 52), a model of diffuse mild-moderate TBI in rats. Sham-injured (n = 14) or naive (n = 24) animals were used as controls. The rats survived for either 48 h or 15 days post-injury. At 48 h, the animals were tested in the Morris water maze (MWM) for memory function and their brains analyzed for cerebral edema. Here, mFPI-induced brain edema compared to sham or naive controls that was significantly reduced by AF-16 treatment (p < 0.05) although MWM performance was not altered. In the 15-day survival groups, the MWM learning and memory abilities as well as histological changes were analyzed. AF-16-treated brain-injured animals shortened both MWM latency and swim path in the learning trials (p < 0.05) and improved probe trial performance compared to brain-injured controls treated with the inactive reference peptide. A modest decrease by AF-16 on TBI-induced changes in hippocampal glial acidic fibrillary protein (GFAP) staining (p = 0.11) was observed. AF-16 treatment did not alter any other immunohistochemical analyses (degenerating neurons, beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP), and Olig2). In conclusion, intranasal AF-16-attenuated brain edema and enhanced visuospatial learning and memory following diffuse TBI in the rat. Intranasal administration early post-injury of a promising neuroprotective substance offers a novel treatment approach for TBI.

  • Cocco, Arianna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Rönnberg, A. M. Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Jin, Zhe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    André, Goncalo Igreja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. Univ Western Australia, Ctr Evolutionary Biol, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia..
    Vossen, Laura E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Bhandage, Amol K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Thörnqvist, Per-Ove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Birnir, Bryndis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Winberg, Svante
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
    Characterization of the gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling system in the zebrafish (danio rerio hamilton) central nervous system by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction2017In: Neuroscience, ISSN 0306-4522, E-ISSN 1873-7544, Vol. 343, 300-321 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the vertebrate brain, inhibition is largely mediated by raminobutyric acid (GABA). This neurotransmitter comprises a signaling machinery of GABA(A), GABA(B) receptors, transporters, glutamate decarboxylases (gads) and 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase (abat), and associated proteins. Chloride is intimately related to GABAA receptor conductance, GABA uptake, and GADs activity. The response of target neurons to GABA stimuli is shaped by chloride-cation co-transporters (CCCs), which strictly control Cl- gradient across plasma membranes. This research profiled the expression of forty genes involved in GABA signaling in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) brain, grouped brain regions and retinas. Primer pairs were developed for reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The mRNA levels of the zebrafish GABA system share similarities with that of mammals, and confirm previous studies in non-mammalian species. Proposed GABAA receptors are alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2), alpha(1)beta(2)delta, alpha(2b)beta(3), alpha(2b)beta(3)delta, alpha(4)beta(2)gamma(2), alpha(4)beta(2)gamma, alpha(6b)beta(2)gamma(2) and alpha(6b)beta(2)delta. Regional brain differences were documented. Retinal hetero- or homomeric rho-composed GABAA receptors could exist, accompanying alpha(1)beta(y)gamma(2), alpha(1)beta(y)delta, alpha(6a)beta(y)gamma(2,) alpha(6a)beta(y)delta. Expression patterns of alpha(6a) and alpha(6b) were opposite, with the former being more abundant in retinas, the latter in brains. Given the stoichiometry alpha(6w)beta(y)gamma(z), alpha(6a-) or alpha(6b)-containing receptors likely have different regulatory mechanisms. Different gene isoforms could originate after the rounds of genome duplication during teleost evolution. This research depicts that one isoform is generally more abundantly expressed than the other. Such observations also apply to GABAB receptors, GABA transporters, GABA-related enzymes, CCCs and GABAA receptor associated proteins, whose presence further strengthens the proof of a GABA system in zebrafish.

  • Eriksson, Mikael
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit. FOI Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut .
    Who put the 'Post' in the Post-Arab Spring?: Towards a Fresh Narrative for North Africa2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When will we see a regional UN headquarter for migration in Rabat, or a centre of excellence for ocean studies in Tripoli? In this policy note, NAI researcher Mikael Eriksson recommends outside-the-box thinking, in an effort to gain a fresh perspective on a region that may have lost its spring-time energy, but not the idea itself – or the people behind it.

  • Rooth, Esther
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Olinder, Anna Lindholm
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical diabetology and metabolism.
    Nurses’ experiences of giving care to children with autism spectrum disorder within somatic emergency care2016In: Scientific Times Journal of Paediatrics, Vol. 1, no 1, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To describe nurses’ experiences of giving care to children with autism spectrum disorder in a paediatric emergency care unit and to explore how the nurses had obtained their knowledge of the subject.

    Background: Within somatic paediatric care, nurses frequently encounter children with autism spectrum disorder. Many parents of these children report a lack of knowledge about the diagnosis and difficulties in encounters with somatic care. According to Patricia Benner’s theory of learning, a skill is developed through education, tutoring and experience.

    Design: A qualitative interview study. 

    Method: Semi-structured interviews were held with ten nurses during the spring of 2015. Data was analysed by content analysis to find categories and codes corresponding to the study’s aims.

    Findings: The findings present information regarding: 1) knowledge and experience; 2) the context in which the child finds itself, as well as an unsafe working environment for the nurses; 3) how the treatment and care of the child, among other things, is affected by information given by the parents about the diagnosis, and how the nurses feel in difficult situations; 4) interaction with the children, the parents and colleagues. The findings in this study mainly show the complexity in encounters with children with autism spectrum disorder and their parents and that nurses require further education. The nurses also give a number of suggestions for improvements that well concur with the literature.

    Conclusion: To be able to care well for children with autism spectrum disorder, a combination of knowledge and experience is necessary.

  • Kallioinen, Petter
    et al.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    Nakeva von Mentzer, Cecilia
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Magnus
    Ors, Marianne
    Sahlén, Birgitta
    Lyxell, Björn
    Engström, Elisabet
    Uhlén, Inger
    Semantic Processing in Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children: Large N400 Mismatch Effects in Brain Responses, Despite Poor Semantic Ability2016In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 7, 1146Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Public defence: 2017-04-24 10:00 T2, Stockholm
    Zhu, Lin
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Basic Science and Biomedicine, Structural Biotechnology.
    Structural studies of HDL and applications of EM on membrane proteins2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A large number of proteins interact with biological membranes, either integrated in the membrane (PepTSo2), embedded on a membrane surface (5-lipoxygenase) or encircling a cutout of lipid bilayer (apolipoprotein1 (apoA-I). They function as transporters, receptors or biocatalysts in cellular processes like inflammation or cholesterol transport which are touched upon here. Malfunction of specific membrane proteins are the cause for several diseases or disorders.

    Knowledge of protein structure supports understanding of its mechanism of function. Here, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used for structure determination. To obtain structure information to high resolution for membrane proteins, normally surrounded by lipids, demands specific methods and materials for stabilization. Stabilized in detergent the structure of the bacterial transporter PepTSo2 was shown to form a tetramer even bound to substrate. However, with a protein based stabilizer, Salipro, the structure of PepTSo2 could be determined to high resolution.

    High density lipoprotein (HDL) in blood plasma, involved in the removal of cholesterol from peripheral tissues, have a central role in cardiovascular function, metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

    The HDL-particle is composed of two copies of ApoA1 and around hundred lipid molecules. From TEM data, for the first time the clearly discoidal shape could be shown by 3-dimendional reconstructions. These were used for modelling the ApoA1 protein dimer by a "biased fitting" procedure. The results indicate how ApoA1 folds around a lipid bilayer in a disc-shaped structure.

    Modified HDL called nanodiscs were here used to show the Ca2+ dependent binding of 5-lipoxygenase on the nanodisc bilayer and thereby increased production of the inflammatory mediator leukotrieneA4. Dimerization of 5-lipoxygenase inactivates these functions.

  • Ivarsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology. Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE).
    Gustavsson, Lena
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
    Hedenäs, Lars
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Kronestedt, Torbjörn
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
    Lundberg, Johannes
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Norbäck Ivarsson, Lena
    Södertörn University.
    Sallstedt, Therese
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology. Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE).
    Scheuerer, Manuela
    Sweco Rail.
    Thureborn, Olle
    Stockholm University.
    Wedin, Mats
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Unikt ekosystem i tunnelbanan vid Kungsträdgården2017In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 112, no 1, 2-9 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Sekulic, Damir
    et al.
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Croatia.
    Sisic, Nedim
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Croatia.
    Terzic, Admir
    Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Jasarevic, Indira
    Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Ostojic, Ljerka
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Croatia.
    Pojskic, Haris
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Zenic, Natasa
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Croatia.
    Sport and scholastic factors in relation to smoking and smoking initiation in older adolescents: a prospective cohort study in Bosnia and Herzegovina2017In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 3, e014066Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Sport and scholastic factors are known to be associated with cigarette smoking in adolescence, but little is known about the causality of this association. The aim of this study was to prospectively explore the relationships of different sport and scholastic factors with smoking prevalence initiation in older adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Methods: In this 2-year prospective cohort study, there were 872 adolescent participants (16 years at baseline; 46% females). The study consisted of baseline tests at the beginning of the third year (September 2013) and follow-up at the end of the fourth year of high school (late May to early June 2015). The independent variables were scholastic and sport-related factors. The dependent variables were (1) smoking at baseline, (2) smoking at follow-up and (3) smoking initiation over the course of the study. Logistic regressions controlling for age, gender and socioeconomic status were applied to define the relationships between independent and dependent variables.

    Results: School absence at the baseline study was a significant predictor of smoking initiation during the course of the study (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.8). Those who reported quitting sports at baseline showed an increased risk of smoking at the end of the study (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.0) and of smoking initiation (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3 to 2.0). Adolescents who reported lower competitive achievements in sport were at a higher risk of (1) smoking at baseline (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.1), (2) smoking at follow-up (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.1) and (3) smoking initiation (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.6).

    Conclusions: In developing accurate antismoking public health policies for older adolescents, the most vulnerable groups should be targeted. The results showed that most participants initiated smoking before 16 years of age. Therefore, further investigations should evaluate the predictors of smoking in younger ages.

  • Waldemarson, Andreas
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Pavement Technology.
    Viman, Leif
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Pavement Technology.
    Provningsjämförelse: Prallmetoden EN 12697-16:20162017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This profiency testing has mainly been carried out to assess whether the changes introduced in the latest version of the Prall Standard, EN 12697–16: 2016, has improved the precision of the method.

    22 laboratories participated, 16 Swedish and 6 from other Nordic countries, where the studded tires occur. The results show that the spread in the results between different laboratories is around the same level as in previous round Robin tests despite measures taken to improve the precision of the method.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-20 10:00 F3, Stockholm
    Sandhi, Arifin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
    ARSENIC REMOVAL BY PHYTOFILTRATION AND SILICON TREATMENT: A POTENTIAL SOLUTION FOR LOWERING ARSENIC CONCENTRATIONS IN FOOD CROPS2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Use of arsenic-rich groundwater for crop irrigation can increase the arsenic (As) content in food crops and act as a carcinogen, compromising human health. Using aquatic plant based phytofiltration is a potential eco-technique for removing arsenic from water. The aquatic moss species Warnstorfia fluitans grows naturally in mining areas in northern Sweden, where high concentrations of arsenic occur in lakes and rivers. This species was selected as a model for field, climate chamber and greenhouse studies on factors governing arsenic removal and arsenic phytofiltration of irrigation water. The arsenic and silicon (Si) concentrations in soil, water and plant samples were measured by AAS (atomic absorption spectrophotometry), while arsenite and arsenate species were determined using AAS combined with high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an anion exchange column. The arsenic content in grains of hybrid and local aromatic rice (Oryza sativa) cultivars with differing arsenic accumulation factor (AF) values was investigated in an arsenic hotspot in Bangladesh. The results showed that arsenic AF was important in identifying arsenic-safer rice cultivars for growing in an arsenic hotspot. The study based on silicon effect on arsenic uptake in lettuce showed that arsenic accumulation in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) could be reduced by silicon addition. The aquatic moss had good phytofiltration capacity, with fast arsenic removal of up to 82% from a medium with low arsenic concentration (1 µM). Extraction analysis showed that inorganic arsenic species were firmly bound inside moss tissue. Absorption of arsenic was relatively higher than adsorption in the moss. Regarding effects of different abiotic factors, plants were stressed at low pH (pH 2.5) and arsenic removal rate was lower from the medium, while arsenic efflux occurred in arsenate-treated medium at low (12°C) and high (30°C) temperature regimes. Besides these factors, low oxygenation increased the efficiency of arsenic removal from the medium. Finally, combining W. fluitans as a phytofilter with a lettuce crop on a constructed wetland significantly reduced the arsenic content in edible parts (leaves) of lettuce. Thus W. fluitans has great potential for use as an arsenic phytofilter in temperate regions.

  • Hallo Norden Årsrapport 20162017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Hallo Norden er Nordisk Ministerråds informationstjeneste og har eksisteret siden 1998. Hallo Nordens formål er at understøtte privatpersoners mobilitet i Norden. Dette gør vi ved at informere og vejlede borgere der har brug for information når de skal flytte, arbejde eller studere i et andet nordisk land.

  • Sommarlund, Petra
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Mätteknik.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Flavour.
    Andersson, Albin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi.
    Petersson, Niclas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Mätteknik.
    Borgenstierna, Catharina
    Bestic AB.
    Westerlund, Hanna
    Bestic AB.
    Ruben, Katarina
    Temabo, Ribbingsbacke Äldreboende.
    Nygren, Mats
    Förenade Care, Soltorps Äldreboende.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    En fungerande måltid – innovation mot undernäring Slutrapport - Utmaningsdriven Innovation steg 1 Initiering, hösten 20162016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med projektet "En fungerande måltid - innovation mot undernäring" är att förebygga undernäring bland äldre genom ett holistiskt grepp av måltidssituationen. Fokus är att utveckla en mätmetod för att identifiera risker för fel- och undernäring på verksamhets- samt individnivå, samt att rekommendera åtgärder som minimerar riskerna. Visionen är ett samhälle där måltidssituationens alla beståndsdelar är så välfungerande att undernäring inte längre är ett problem inom omsorg och sjukvård. Runt detta har byggts tjänster och produkter som skapat tillväxt i Sverige. Det finns en stor potential för detta.

    I initieringsprojektet har fokus legat på måltidssituationen på äldreboenden (särskilt boende). Projektet har arbetat tillsammans med två demensboenden samt genomfört två tvärfunktionella workshops, för att skapa förståelse för måltidssituationen, vilka problem som finns, hur de skulle kunna mätas och åtgärdas samt vilka aktiviteter som sker på boendet i relation till måltidssituationen.

    Risken för undernäring är allra högst bland äldre som bor i ordinärt boende, dvs hemma i sin egen bostad med eller utan hemtjänst. Därmed ämnar projektet i steg 2 inkludera denna boendeform parallellt med särskilt boende och utveckla stöd både för den äldre själv, hens anhöriga samt hemtjänstpersonal och omsorgspersonal på boendet. Den rekommenderade lösningen är ett digitalt verktyg för äldre, anhöriga och personal att logga och följa verksamhetens kvalitet i måltidssituation samt individens näringsstatus och som också ger åtgärder för ökad kvalitet och förbättrad näringsstatus.

    Projektet har letts från SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, enheten Mätteknik, och haft deltagare från Bestic AB, Högskolan Kristianstad, SP Food and BioScience, SP Service Labs samt två stycken boenden i privat drift; Soltorp från Förenade Care och Ribbingsbacke från Temabo. Både Soltorp och Ribbingsbacke har 32 demensplatser. Soltorp har utöver detta en korttidsavdelning med 9 platser och Ribbingsbacke har en somatisk avdelning med 16 platser. För att driva projektet framåt planeras inkludering av hemtjänstverksamhet, kommunal omsorg, tillagningskök samt tillverkare av lösningar för hur måltidssituationen kan förbättras inklusive personalutbildning. Synergieffekter med nätverket Måltid Sverige som verkar för den offentliga måltiden förväntas i att spridas kunskap i samhället om måltidens viktiga roll i relation till vår hälsostatus.

  • Reducing maritime emissions: Policy recommendations for the future of Nordic green marine transport2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An overarching conclusion of Nordic Marina’s work in the past three years reveals that the global, and indeed the Nordic shipping and maritime industries, are already boldly moving ahead with regard to emissions reduction, boasting numerous innovative and successful projects contributing toward this goal. In order to take major steps forward, involvement from the government side is needed and currently lacking. There are barriers that industry and government must work on collectively, potentially via joint public-private partnerships. Commitment for the long term is essential, in addition to the demand for strengthening infrastructure and a reliable supply chain to support new fuels. Furthermore, the socio-economic benefits of emissions reduction and the applications of alternative fuels appear to be obscure. The bottom line is this: the time for action is now, for all of us.

  • Kylin, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lemming lamentations2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This text is a reflection on "modern" vs. traditional knowledge and their respective usefulness in surviving off the land in the Arctic.

  • Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Flavour.
    Aktivt åldrande – individuellt anpassade måltidslösningar för hälsa och livskvalitet hos äldre: slutrapport2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as most parts of the world, the proportion of elderly is increasing. Thenumber of the elderly will shortly exceed the number of younger people. Between2010 and 2030, the number of Europeans aged over 65 will rise by nearly 40%.According to the UN, the increase in life expectancy is mainly due toimprovements in nutrition and hygiene. The growing number of older peopleposes major challenges, but also opportunities for society, business andentrepreneurship.Health issues, primarily food, and quality of life are in focus and strongly relatedto autonomy. It should be possible to live an active and independent life, andpossible to make independent choices, regardless of age, disease and disability.This adds to Quality of Life! To achieve this we created a project in collaborationbetween partners from academia, research institutes, business, industry andsociety. The idea was in a first step to identify target groups along with their needsand desires. Then to design foods and meals adapted to the elderly’s needs andpreferences. Further to develop packaging of the meals that can be used forinformation as well as in the distribution chain. The project invented value chainsfor different types of ordering and distribution of the foods and meals as well as toinclude waste management. The outcome of the project are new knowledge aswell as food products available on the market and other products soon ready to beput on the market.

  • Lindbeck, Assar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    Hur avveckla hyreskontrollen?2016In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Public defence: 2017-04-21 10:15 Visionen, B-huset, Linköping
    Roth, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Advanced Kalman Filtering Approaches to Bayesian State Estimation2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bayesian state estimation is a flexible framework to address relevant problems at the heart of existing and upcoming technologies. Application examples are obstacle tracking for driverless cars and indoor navigation using smartphone sensor data. Unfortunately, the mathematical solutions of the underlying theory cannot be translated to computer code in general. Therefore, this thesis discusses algorithms and approximations that are related to the Kalman filter (KF).

    Four scientific articles and an introduction with the relevant background on Bayesian state estimation theory and algorithms are included. Two articles discuss nonlinear Kalman filters, which employ the KF measurement update in nonlinear models. The numerous variants are presented in a common framework and the employed moment approximations are analyzed. Furthermore, their application to target tracking problems is discussed. A third article analyzes the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF), a Monte Carlo implementation of the KF that has been developed for high-dimensional geoscientific filtering problems. The EnKF is presented in a simple KF framework, including its challenges, important extensions, and relations to other filters. Whereas the aforementioned articles contribute to the understanding of existing algorithms, a fourth article devises novel filters and smoothers to address heavy-tailed noise. The development is based on Student’s t distribution and provides simple recursions in the spirit of the KF. The introduction and articles are accompanied by extensive simulation experiments.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-10 14:00 F3, Stockholm
    Marzinotto, Alejandro
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Robotics, perception and learning, RPL.
    Flexible Robot to Object Interactions Through Rigid and Deformable Cages2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we study the problem of robotic interaction with objects from a flexible perspective that complements the rigid force-closure approach. In a flexible interaction the object is not firmly bound to the robot (immobilized), which leads to many interesting scenarios. We focus on the secure kind of flexible interactions, commonly referred to as caging grasps. In this context, the adjective secure implies that the object is not able to escape arbitrarily far away from the robot which is caging it. A cage is a secure flexible interaction because it does not immobilize the object, but restricts its motion to a finite set of possible configurations. We study cages in two novel scenarios for objects with holes: caging through multi-agent cooperation and through dual-arm knotting with a rope. From these two case studies, we were able to analyze the caging problem in a broader perspective leading to the definition of a hierarchical classification of flexible interactions and cages.

    In parallel to the geometric and physical problem of flexible interactions with objects, we study also the problem of discrete action scheduling through a novel control architecture called Behavior Trees (BTs). In this thesis we propose a formulation that unifies the competing BT philosophies into a single framework. We analyze how the mainstream BT formulations differ from each other, as well as their benefits and limitations. We also compare the plan representation capabilities of BTs with respect to the traditional approach of Controlled Hybrid Dynamical Systems (CHDSs). In this regard, we present bidirectional translation algorithms between such representations as well as the necessary and sufficient conditions for translation convergence. Lastly, we demonstrate our action scheduling BT architecture showcasing the aforementioned caging scenarios, as well as other examples that show how BTs can be interfaced with other high level planners.

  • Yiming, Yao
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lyckfeldt, Ola
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Tricoire, Aurélien
    GKN Aerospace Sweden AB, Trollhättan, Sweden..
    Lundström, Dennis
    GKN Aerospace Sweden AB, Trollhättan, Sweden..
    Klement, Uta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Microstructure of plasma sprayed Al2O3-3wt%TiO2 coating using freeze granulated powder2016In: Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2327-6045, Vol. 4, no 7, 8-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is aiming at controlling the microstructure of plasma sprayed Al2O3-TiO2 composite coatings using freeze granulated powders. As sprayed and sintered Al2O3 + 3wt%TiO2 powders were air plasma sprayed with industry process parameters and compared with a commercial powder. The resulting coatings were investigated with respect to powder flowability, porosity and microstructure of the granules. The results showed that microstructure and melting fraction in the coatings could be tailored with the freeze granulation process and heat treatment conditions.

  • Germundsson, Lisa
    et al.
    SLU Partnerskap Alnarp.
    Jönsson, Håkan
    Lund University .
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Davidsson, Paul
    Malmö Högskola.
    Moen, Ann
    Lund University .
    Johansson, Eva
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    FOCUS - Food Knowledge Community Skåne-Blekinge: förstudie 20162016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Focus förstudieprojekt syftar till att utreda förutsättningarna för att stärka och utveckla innovationsinfrastrukturen för livsmedelssystemet i Skåne och Blekinge, för att bidra till ökad tillväxt, sysselsättning, attraktionskraft och långsiktig hållbarhet.

    Utifrån syftet ovan och ambitionen att stärka samarbetet mellan lärosätena i Skåne och Blekinge inom livsmedelsområdet ska förstudien besvara följande frågeställningar:

    1. Hur ser förutsättningarna ut för forskning, utbildning och samverkan/innovation inom livsmedelsområdet i Skåne och Blekinge?

    2. Vilka är de mest angelägna behoven avseende forskning, utbildning och samverkan/innovation för livsmedelsnäringen och offentliga aktörer?

    3. Hur kan regionala framtidssatsningar och strategier inom forskning, utbildning och samverkan inom livsmedelsområdet utformas, för att bidra till ett samlat utbud av akademisk kompetens riktat till företag och andra aktörer i hela livsmedelssystemet?

  • Zerefos, Christos S.
    et al.
    Eleftheratos, Kostas
    Kapsomenakis, John
    Solomos, Stavros
    Inness, Antje
    Balis, Dimitris
    Redondas, Alberto
    Eskes, Henk
    Allaart, Marc
    Amiridis, Vassilis
    Dahlback, Arne
    De Bock, Veerle
    Diemoz, Henri
    Engelmann, Ronny
    Eriksen, Paul
    Fioletov, Vitali
    Grobner, Julian
    Heikkila, Anu
    Petropavlovskikh, Irina
    Jaroslawski, Janusz
    Josefsson, Weine
    SMHI, Core Services.
    Karppinen, Tomi
    Koehler, Ulf
    Meleti, Charoula
    Repapis, Christos
    Rimmer, John
    Savinykh, Vladimir
    Shirotov, Vadim
    Siani, Anna Maria
    Smedley, Andrew R. D.
    Stanek, Martin
    Stubi, Rene
    Detecting volcanic sulfur dioxide plumes in the Northern Hemisphere using the Brewer spectrophotometers, other networks, and satellite observations2017In: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 17, no 1, 551-574 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Von Gliscynski, Ulla
    et al.
    Institut für Zoophysiologie, Universität Bonn, Germany.
    Delbeque, Jean Paul
    Université de Bourgogne, Laboratoire de Zoologie, France.
    Böcking, Detlef
    Ecole Normale Supérieure, Laboratoire de Biochimie et Physiologie du Développement, France.
    Sedlmeier, Dietrich
    Institut für Zoophysiologie, Universität Bonn, Germany.
    Dircksen, Heinrich
    Institut für Zoophysiologie, Universität Bonn, Germany.
    Lafont, René
    Ecole Normale Supérieure, Laboratoire de Biochimie et Physiologie du Développement, France.
    Three new antisera with high sensitivity to ecdysone, 3-dehydroecdysone and other A-ring derivatives: Production and characterization1995In: European Journal of Entomology, ISSN 1210-5759, E-ISSN 1802-8829, Vol. 92, no 1, 75-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three new antisera have been produced in rabbits immunized with E-2/3-hemisuccinate conjugates. In a competitive enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with 20-ecdysone-peroxidase as a tracer, the antisera exhibit high specificity towards the side chain of the ecdysone (E) molecule. Modifications of the A-ring do result in no or small changes of sensitivity. One antiserum (RUD-2) allows the direct quantification of total ecdysteroids in samples containing E and 3-dehydroecdysone in varying ratios, without further sophisticated sample treatment. At least one of the other antisera allows the direct quantification of mixtures of E and 25-deoxyecdysone (RUD-1). Thus, these antisera may be a useful tool in studying molting control in arthropods.

  • Nydahl, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    "Så gör jag af med penningar": En inblick i Kramforsbolagets skogsaffärer i lappländska Hacksjö år 18872017In: OKNYTT. Tidskrift för Johan Nordlander-sällskapet, ISSN 0349-1706, no 2017:1-2, 1-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar en mikrohistorisk undersökning av en skogsaffär år 1887 mellan Kramfors AB och bönderna i byn Hacksjö i Åsele lappmark. Denna affär analyseras och sätts i relation till tidigare forskning om skogsmarknaden i Norrland under 1800-talets andra hälft samt till sekelskiftets moderniseringskritiska strömningar.

  • Thorp, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Stockholms universitet.
    Deconstructing Karlsson, part 1: historical consciousness2017In: Historical Encounters: A journal of historical consciousness, historical cultures and history education, E-ISSN 2203-7543, Vol. 4, no 2, 1-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of how leading Swedish historian and history didactical researcher Klas-Göran Karlsson presents the concept of historical consciousness in some of his most recent publications and seeks to analytically deconstruct his view of the concept. The study finds that Karlsson presents definitions of the concept that may not be compatible to each other. Using this result, the paper then tries to present and argue a view of the concept that harmonises with the one presented by Karlsson. 

  • Rosenqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Suneson, Ellen
    Lund University.
    Konst och subjektskapande: Neurodegenerativa nedsättningar och dialogbaserad konstpedagogik2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 3, 288-296 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2007 a number of art- and research projects have been implemented where people who suffer from neurodegenerative impairments have participated in conversations about art. Previous research on these projects has mainly been focused on the physical and mental effects the art tours have had on the participants, based on interviews, surveys and questionnaires. In this text we choose to explore a different aspect of the art tours where we discuss how dialogue-based art education makes the connection between aesthetic experiences and subjecthood visible.

  • Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Selaöns runinskrifter: en runstensgeografi2017In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 112, no 1, 10-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of a small runestone material from the Selaön Island in Lake Mälaren. As an island material, the inscriptions are set apart from their surroundings. They link in with common traits among decorated 11th runestones, but also with the characteristic breadth of middle-sized and well-defined materials. This local diversity may nevertheless be seen as a characteristic in itself of the larger Lake Mälaren area: this region is partly built from local nodes united by the lake. Based on the study three research fields are identified: 1) small-scale runestone geography and chronology, 2) the non-banal and complex relationship between design, text and ornament, 3) a dimension of intent characteristic of Selaön, that is, a local sincerity in the commemorative inscriptions. Micro-geography, complex design and mindset are thus suggested as new fields for a cognitively more rewarding contextual research into the runestone vogue in the Lake Mälaren area.

  • Gama, Fabio
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Systematic Idea Generation and Organizational Capabilities for Front-End Innovation Performance in SMEs2017In: Innovation ManagementArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to answer two key questions about the front-end innovation: when do idea generation activities involving internal and external partner’s payoff, and which organizational capabilities support idea generation activities for achieving high front-end performance?

  • Thorp, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Deconstructing Karlsson, part 1: Historical consciousness2017In: Historical Encounters: A journal of historical consciousness, historical cultures and history education, E-ISSN 2203-7543, Vol. 4, no 2, 1-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an analysis of how leading Swedish historian and history didactical researcher Klas-Göran Karlsson presents the concept of historical consciousness in some of his most recent publications and seeks to analytically deconstruct his view of the concept. The study finds that Karlsson presents definitions of the concept that may not be compatible to each other. Using this result, the paper then tries to present and argue a view of the concept that harmonises with the one presented by Karlsson. 

  • Lesser, Pamela
    et al.
    Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
    Ejdemo, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Suopajärvi, Leena
    Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland.
    Petrétei, Anna
    Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
    Kestävä kaivannaistoiminta: Pohjoinen osaaminen ja tietotaito2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [fi]

    Kestävä kaivannaistoiminta – pohjoinen osaaminen ja tietotaito eli Sus-MinNor-projekti (Sustainable mining in the Northernmost Europe – Lessonslearned and practices developed) on Lapin liiton, Lapin yliopiston ja Luulajanteknillisen yliopiston yhteityöprojekti, jolla on kaksi tavoitetta: (1) tehostaarajat ylittävää yhteistyötä kestävän kaivostoiminnan edistämiseksiInterreg Pohjoinen -alueella ja (2) koota yhteen yhteiskuntatieteellisen kaivostutkimuksentuloksia erityisesti kaivostoiminnan vaikutuksista sekäkaivosalan ja sitä ympäröivän yhteiskunnan välisistä suhteista Euroopanpohjoisilla alueilla. Projektia on rahoittanut Interreg Pohjoinen -ohjelma jase on ollut käynnissä vuosien 2015-2016 aikana.Tämä synteesiraportti on hankkeen päätuotos ja se valottaa kaivostoiminnankestävyyttä koskevan yhteiskuntatieteellisen tutkimuksenkeskeisiä teemoja, tutkimuksissa tunnistettuja hyviä käytäntöjä sekätietovajeita Suomessa ja Ruotsissa. Raportin lisäksi hankkeessa on järjestettytutkijatyöpaja Ruotsin Haaparannalla huhtikuussa 2016 ja päätösseminaariRovaniemellä syyskuussa 2016.Synteesiraportin alussa on luotu katsaus kestävän kaivostoiminnankansainvälisiin aloitteisiin vertailukohdaksi Suomen ja Ruotsin tutkimusaiheisiin.Vaikka kansainväliset kestävän kaivotoiminnan aloitteetovat painottuneet kehittyvien maiden kysymyksiin ja ovat siten hyvinerilaisia kuin Suomen ja Ruotsin tutkimustarpeet, myös samankaltaisiateemoja on paikannettavissa. Tällaisia ovat esimerkiksi sidosryhmätyöskentelyja sosiaalinen kestävyys. Eroista huolimatta kansainvälisenkeskustelun ja paikallisten tutkimusprojektien vertailu antaamahdollisuuden synergiseen oppimiseen.

  • Lesser, Pamela
    et al.
    Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
    Ejdemo, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Suopajärvi, Leena
    Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland.
    Petrétei, Anna
    Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
    Hållbar gruvnäring: nordisk kunskap, god praxis och kunskapsluckor2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    SusMinNor–projektet är ett samarbete mellan Finska Lapplands Förbund,Lapplands Universitet (Rovaniemi), och Luleå tekniska universitet.Projektet har två huvudsakliga målsättningar – att främja gränsöverskridandesamverkan kring hållbar gruvnäring i Interreg Nord-området,och att samla och syntetisera viktiga forskningsresultat från i huvudsakde samhällsvetenskapliga disciplinerna, särskilt kring konsekvenser avgruvnäring och synergier mellan gruvnäring och samhällen i nordligasteEuropa. Projektet finansieras av Interreg Nord och genomförs underperioden 2015-2016.Inom ramen för projektet har en forskningsworkshop genomförts iHaparanda, Sverige i april 2016 samt ett slutseminarium som genomfördesden 21 september 2016 i Rovaniemi, Finland. Projektet har mynnat ut iföreliggande syntesrapport som belyser de huvudsakliga teman som forskningenkring hållbar gruvnäring i norra Finland och Sverige har adresserat,samt identifierar god praxis och kunskapsluckor i litteraturen.En genomgång av viktiga internationella initiativ kring hållbar gruvnäringhar gjorts för att möjliggöra jämförelser mellan frågeställningarsom undersökts i Finland och Sverige. Sådana undersökningar och til�-lämpningar av deras resultat i utvecklingsländer skiljer sig på ett betydandesätt från de behov som finns i Finland och Sverige, men teman som”stakeholder engagement” strategier (d.v.s. hur intressenter och sakägarebemöts) samt social hållbarhet är viktiga även i de nordiska länderna.Trots viktiga skillnader finns ofta också möjligheter till lärande av internationellaerfarenheter.

  • Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Galar, Diego
    Luleå University of Technology.
    The Impact of Maintenance 4.0 and Big Data Analytics within Strategic Asset Management2017In: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, 96-103 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The latest industrial revolution is manifested by smart and networking equipment. Realizing the full value of these machineries, and other business assets, has become increasingly important. Strategic asset management faces managerial, technical as well as methodological challenges, of which some could be reduced or overcome by applying technological solutions such as Internet of things, cloud computing, cyber-physical systems and big data analytics. This paper outlines the impact of the emerging technologies in the area of strategic management with special emphasis on the analytics as service provider for the maintenance functions.

  • Bosch-Sijtsema, Petra
    et al.
    Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, division Construction Management, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Isaksson, Anders
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, division of Innovation and R&D Management, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lennartsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Barriers and facilitators for BIM use among Swedish medium-sized contractors: We wait until someone tells us to use it2017In: Visualization in Engineering, ISSN 2213-7459, Vol. 5, no 3, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The pace of diffusion of BIM (Building Information Modelling) use is considered to increase with governmentalinitiatives in which public clients in countries like Finland, Singapore, United Kingdom, and Sweden begin requiring BIM as apart of the project delivery. Currently, larger contractor firms use BIM to a certain extent. However, BIM use by mid-sizedcontractor firms (that is, firms with 50–500 employees that can successfully compete with larger contractors on projects costinga maximum of 50 million Euros) is relatively unknown. Hence, the aim of the paper is to explore current use and perceivedconstraints and driving forces of BIM-implementation with respect to mid-sized contractors.

    Methods: A mixed method approach was applied, and data was collected through an interview study and a survey involvingchief executive officers or their closest sub-ordinates in mid-sized contractor firms in Sweden. The survey was based on atechnology-, organization-, and environment framework that is used in information systems research to study the use of inter-organizational information systems. The total population of firms in the survey corresponded to 104. The study presented thepreliminary results based on 32 answers (with a 31% response rate).

    Results: Fifty-eight percent of the surveyed respondents stated that they had been involved in a project in which BIM wasused in some manner. The most commonly used application included visualization, which also facilitates coordination andcommunication. The biggest perceived constraints involved partners that did not use BIM, lack of demand from clients, andthe absence of internal demand in the company. With respect tothe two last obstacles, significant differences existedbetween users and non-users. The most common perceived driving forces included the fact that BIM is perceived as ameans to follow technical development and that BIMprovides competitive advantages to the company.

    Conclusions: It is concluded that the main driver responsible for BIM-implementation is mainly determined by anindividual’s subjective positive or negative evaluation of BIM, instead of external pressure from clients and partners or by theinternal capacity and knowledge to use BIM.

  • Metso, Lasse
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology .
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    An ecosystem perspective on asset management information2017In: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, 69-75 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Big Data and Internet of Things will increase the amount of data on asset management exceedingly. Data sharing with an increased number of partners in the area of asset management is important when developing business opportunities and new ecosystems. An asset management ecosystem is a complex set of relationships between parties taking part in asset management actions. In this paper, the current barriers and benefits of data sharing are identified based on the results of an interview study. The main benefits are transparency, access to data and reuse of data. New services can be created by taking advantage of data sharing. The main barriers to sharing data are an unclear view of the data sharing process and difficulties to recognize the benefits of data sharing. For overcoming the barriers in data sharing, this paper applies the ecosystem perspective on asset management information. The approach is explained by using the Swedish railway industry as an example.

  • Carlerby, Heidi
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Persson, Mats
    Headquarters, Policy and Plans Department, Swedish Armed Forces.
    Officials Reflections about Health Promoting Factors among Newly Arrivals: An Introductory Analysis2017In: International Journal of Community & Family Medicine, ISSN 2456-3498, Vol. 2, no 1, IJCFM-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Resulting from conflicts, millions of peoples have been forced to leave their countries of origin. In Sweden, the Employment Agency is responsible for making decisions of immigrants’ residence in municipalities and in co-operation with these allow the immigrants’ establishment in the society. Preventive interventions among migrants and refugees, and health interventions in heterogeneous populations show that increased participation in society has positive imprints on health development. A new country includes getting acquaintance with non-familiar cultures. For example, other expectations on rules of gender, sickness, and illness. Recent years the low density populated areas in northern Sweden have received a high number of refugees in comparison with their population size. The purpose of this study was to explore how officials the Employment Agency and a selection of municipalities reflect over and define health promoting factors in their meetings with newly arrived.

    Methods: All officials (N 68) in one of the four northern counties were invited to recording their reflections on health promoting factors close to their meetings with newly arrived. The officials recorded how they defined health promoting factors according to the Audit method. The data collection of experiences of importance considering health promotion and social determinants was collected by five focus group interviews with twenty-three officials.

    Results: This study showed that the officials defined access to the health care, participation in the society, and sufficient collaboration between the authorities for not losing valuable time during the establishment period as imported factors for their clients’ opportunities for health. The officials take power among males for given, while they more often reflected over lack of power among women. However, the Swedish ideal of gender as equal quite often a challenge the newly arrivals.

  • Jansson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Results from Geant4 calculations of energy deposition from gamma- and neutron radiation emitted from selected cases of used boiling water reactor nuclear fuel assemblies in a KBS-3 type deep geological repository2017Data set
    Abstract [en]

    Monte Carlo calculations, using the Geant4 framework version 10.02, of energy deposition from gamma- and neutron radiation emitted from boiling water reator (BWR) fuel assemblies in a KBS-3 type deep geological repository for used nuclear fuel have been performed. This dataset contains the results of the calculations. Three fuel rods were arbitrarily selected as source rods for 662 keV and 2.75 MeV gamma- and neutron radiation, respectively. For each of the six cases, the energy deposited in a 3-dimensional (x,y,z) mesh with 1 cm resolution was calculated and tallied as function of the type of particle that deposited the energy.

  • Lilliedahl, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Teoribaserad utvärdering av lämplighetsbedömning: Rapport från försöksverksamhet med lämplighetsbedömning vid antagning till lärar- och förskollärarutbildning2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport är en utvärdering av den försöksverksamhet med lämplighetsbedömning vid antagning till lärar- och förskollärarutbildning som bedrivits vid Jönköping University på uppdrag av Universitets- och högskolerådet.

    Försöksverksamheten har varit baserad på ett särskilt regeringsbeslut grundat i antaganden om lämplighetsbedömningens mening och eventuella effekter. Därför är denna utvärdering teoribaserad, det vill säga att den utgår från antaganden om lämplighetsbedömningens funktion givet en viss verksamhetslogik.

    Utvärderingen är genomförd på lokal nivå av undertecknad och i nära anslutning till genomförd lämplighetsbedömning. Underlaget består främst av inblandade parters upplevelser i kombination med utfall under ansökningsförfarandet. Sammantaget kombineras processutvärderande delar med mer effektutvärderande resonemang. En mer omfattande utvärdering kommer att genomföras av ansvarig myndighet, Universitets- och högskolerådet.

    Resultat talar för att krav på visad lämplighet kan ha effekter på sökandes agerande under ansöknings- och antagningsfaser. Lämplighetsbedömningen har först och främst fungerat som ett prov på sökande motivation för att bli antagen till utbildningen. Kravet som sådant – att sökande måste uppvisat lämplighet för behörighet till utbildningen – har förmodligen haft störst effekt, även om behållningen av självbedömning och andra aspekter inte bör underskattas.

    Välkommen att läsa utvärderingen i sin helhet för en mer utvecklad redogörelse av ovanstående.

  • Lastauskas, Povilas
    et al.
    Tatsi, Eirini
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Spatial Nexus in Crime and Unemployment in Times of Crisis2017Report (Other academic)